THE MICHIGAN DAILY
By DREW PEARSON
Edited and managed by-students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
The Summer:Daily is published every morning except
Monday and Tuesday.
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use for republication of 1 news dispatches credited to
or otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights
of epublication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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ubsscriptions during the regular school year by car-
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lQouner wander . . . . Managing Editor
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Hale Champiop, John Erlewine, Robert Mantho,
Irving Jaffe, Robert preiskel
E dward Perlberg
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. . . Publications Manager
(Editor's Note-This is the first of a series of
Merry-Go-Round columns on the submarine men-
ace and the reasons why Hitler has been able to
establish his Second Front at our front door.)
WASHINGTON-Much as we may hate to ad-
mit it, any candid appraisal of the war must
recognize that the Second Front today, instead
of being in France, Belgium or Holland, actually
is off the Virginia Capes.
It -stretches just a few miles off our coast from
New York and the oil-stained Jersey beach re-
sorts to Cape Hatteras, Miami, the Gulf of Mex-
ico and the Caribbean-where hundreds of ships
have been sunk in the greatest marine graveyard
in history. Along this Second Front one part of
our Navy is held "frozen," thus preventing its
participation in the convoying of troops and
supplies to Britain. And along that front so
many merchant ships have been sunk that the
problem of sending an American army to Eng-
land is =doubled and quadrupled.
Thus, we cannot escape the fact that up to
now-and even though the shipping losses have
been reduced a bit-Hitler has successfully pre-
vented us from establishing our second front in
Europe by establishing his second front at our
It is to get at the root of these submarine
disasters, andl try to help remove Hitler's Second
Front from our own coastal waters that these
articles are written.
First, let it be said that though the Navy has
made plenty of mistakes, it faces thousands of
miles of coast line, deep water and a tougher
job than the British. Also it faces a problem
which few people realize-the expert espionage
information supplied to Nazi submarines by Nazi
agents in the Americas,
And as long as Nazi submarines know in ad-
vance where to lie in wait for a ship, no navy, no
matter how good, can be entirely effective.
How It Works
To illustrate, here is the experience of a mem-
ber of the Merry-Go-Round team who recently
returned from a survey of the Caribbean Sea.
After flying all day across the sea, from Vene-
zuela to Haiti to Cuba, the pilot ofd the plane
"Did you see any ships anywhere?"
"No, did you?"
"Not a one. And we were flying at 10,000 feet,
with wide range of vision. But I didn't see a
single ship all day."
"Then how does it happen," the pilot was
asked, "that a submarine, lying on the surface,
with no range to speak of, can spot the ships
and sink theml?"
"The answer," said'the pilot, "is that the subs
don't hunt out the ship. They get information
of ship departures, and they lie in wait for- the
kill. They don't cruise around looking for ships.
The ships come to them."
The pilot was right. The success of the Ger-
man submarine campaign is the result of a
highly efficient system of espionage and com-
munication, which allows submarines to know
the names of ships, tonnage, port of departure,
and the time.
He was right. The ship had been delayed two
hours in leaving Panama.
The Enemy Within
In a British West Indies port, four ships were
tolpedoed by a single submarine, which dared
to come into the harbor for this slaughter, in
spite of the fact that all four ships had deck
But the operation was safe, because at the
time the submarine came into harbor, the gun
crews were ashore. The submarine had infor-
mation not only on the whereabouts of the ves-
sels, but on the precise timing for the kill.
This service is provided by "the enemy with-
in"-agents and spies scattered through the
ports of the entire Caribbean and Gulf area, an
area which has been a haven for the lawless
since the free-booting days of Jean LaFitte,
continuing on through the rum-running days of
In some Latin-American countries anybody
with a pair of eyes-including Germans, Italians
and Japanese-can see the departure of ships.
In the port of Maracaibo, Venezuela, for exam-
ple-and no port is more important for oil ship-
ments-the docks are open to anybody.
Last month a MWerry-Go-Round observer
lunched in a Maracaibo hotel, and had this con-
versation with another man at the table:
"Do you live here?"
"No, thank God!"
"You're an American?"
"Yes, a ship's officer. And I'm getting out of
here at 2 o'clock today."
"Where are you bound for?"
"But you never saw me before. I might be an
agent for the Germans. Isn't there any restric-
tion on information about ship sailings?"
"Naw, what's the use? Anybody can go to
the docks and see for himself."
Venezuela has broken relations with the.Axis,
but has not declared war. It would be a simple
matter for an Axis agent to observe the sailing
of an American vessel, then radio the news to ,a
submarine waiting off Maracaibo.
In fact, that is just what happens. Sinkings
have been heavy in tpis area, and shipments of
oil from Venezuela hpve been reduced 70 per
cent since last February. Meantime, refineries
The defense against this should be a monitor-
ing system to locate the hidden radio stations,
plus an expert U.S. intelligence service to locate
the spies. And this is where there has been
lamentable buck-passing and inefficiency.
NIGHT EDITOR: ROBERT PREISKEL
The editorials published in The Michigan
I aiiy are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
T HE All-India Congress Party has is-
sued a statement promising a cam-
pai n of mass civil disobedience to English rule
unless India is granted immediate independence.
The record of British rule in India is not an
admirable one, and the people of that vast na-
tion have ample justification for their long-
voiced plea for independence from Downing
Street. In times of international peace and sta-
bility, there would be only one course for the
,i011h to take-to grant India the independence
vich she has so long deserved.
UT the Indian leaders-particularly those of
'.tlie All-India Congress Party, are still unable
to grasp the significance of the present world-
-wide conflict. They have failed to realize that
the values of ordinary times must undergo a
Drastic--though temporary-shifting at a timee
When all aims are subordinate to winning a war
Whose outcome will dtermine the possibility of
ever achieving those aims.
They appa ently consider the war as a con-
venient ace-in-the-hole to be used as a last
resoft to force a grant of independence from
$ritain. Not only do they seem incapable of
. Appreciating the tremendous importance of
the war for the world as a whole, but they do
not even see its significance for the future of
India itself. Nothing could be blinder than
not to be aware of the bleak outlook for India
should Hitler be victorious.
There will be no inependence to fight for if
HIitler should win. There will be no negotiations
with Hitler's representatives as there are now
with the representatives of Downing Street.
Subjugation to Britain will be nothing as com-
pred with subjugation to a German world-
THE TIME has long passed when the Indian
- leaders should have realized the necessity
for cooperation in the war effort. If they don't
awake soon, the time will have passed for any
cooperation except with a new German world-
order. When the war is won, it will be time to
demand independence, but until then this policy
of cutting off one's nose to spite the face is not
only incomprehensible but downright tragic.
.gainst Patterson Fair?...
(UR favorite newspaper, PM, has,
been waging a wild and woolly war
of late against what it terms the "Newspaper
Axis;" PM is aiming its arrows particularly
against Captain Joseph Patterson, publisher of
tie New York Daily News, and raisiig the cry
that some line must be drawn on freedom of
the press during time of wai,
The thing that disturbs us though is that 'PM
has just about reprinted everything the News
ever wrote about the war, but it has made no
specific charges. Just what is the Nexs guilty of
t1at the government should stop and reconsider
Amendment One of the U.S. Constitution.? Is
e News in collaboration with Hitler? Is it
playing footy with Hirohito? Or is it just a
newspaper which has been constantly isolation-
st since the Munich pact of 1938?
WE DON'T THINK that the New York Daily
News is a model newspaper; as a matter of
fact, we don't like the New York Daily News.
But the fact remains that it is one of the few
SATURDAY, AUGUST 8, 1942
VOL. LII No. 39-S
All Notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
Summer Session before 3:30 p.M. of the
day preceding its publication except on
Saturday, when the notices should be
submitted before 11:30 a.m.
Exhibition of Chinese Painting:
Water-colors by Professor Chang
Shu-Chi; Rackham Building Gal-
leries; today from 2 to 5 and 7 to 10.
Consumer Education Exhibit may
be seen daily at the Michigan League.
Hours-l1 a.m. to 8 p.m.
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments has received notice of the fol-
lowing State of Michigan Civil Serv-
ice Examinations. Closing date is
August 26, 1942.
Arts and Crafts Teacher Al, $145
to $165 per month.
Elementary General Teacher Al,
$145 to $165 per month,
Home Economics Teacher Al, $145
to $165 per month.
Kindergarten Sense Training
Teacher Al, $145 to $165 per month.
Music Teacher Al, $145 to $165
Physical Education Teacher Al,
$145 to $165 per month.
Dairy Products Executive IV, $325
to $385 per month.
Dairy Products Inspector A2, $125
to $145 per month.
Garageman C, $100 to $115 per
Institution Business Executive II,
$200 to $240 per month.
Inistitution Business Executive IV,
$325 to $385 per month.
Prison Industries Salesman I, $155
to $195 per month.
Steam Fireman B, $115 to $135
Further information may be had
from the notices which are on file in
the office of the Bureau of Appoint-
ments, 201 Mason Hall, office hours
9-12 and 2-4.
Freshmen, Summer Term, College
of Literature, Science, and The Arts:
Freshmen may not drop courses
without E grade after Saturday, Au-
gust 8. In administering4this rule,
students with less than 24 hours of
credit are considered freshmen. Ex-
ceptions may be made in gxtraordi-
nary circumstances, such as severe
or long continued illness.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and The Arts:
Midsemester reports are due not
later than Saturday, August 8.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards are being provided for fresh-
man reports; they should be re-
turned to the office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall. White
cards, for reporting sophomores,
juniors, and seniors should be re-
turned to 1220 Angell Hall
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmen and upper-
class, whose standing at midsemester
is D or E, not merely those who re-
ceived D or E in so-called midsemes-
Stdents electing our courses, but
registered in the other schools or col-
leges of the University, should be
reported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Additional cards may be had at
108 Mason Hall or 1220 Angell Hall.
Carillon Programs: The bell cham-
ber of the Burton Memorial Tower
will be open to visitors interested in
observing the playing of the carillon
from 12 noon to 12:15 p.m. daily
from Monday, August 10, through
Friday, August 14, at which time
Professor Percival Price, University
Carillonneur, will 'present an infor-
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August or September,
1942 are requested to call at the
office of the School of Education be-
fore August 10 to take the Teacher
Oath which is a requirement for
Civilian Pilot Training: Learn to'
fly! Applications are now being
made for the next program of Ci-
vilian Pilot Training which starts
approximately September 1st. A full
Iten weeks course is given in eightl
weeks. Detailed information may be
secured in Room B47, Engineering
Building. See Mrs. Fischthal.
Doctoral Examination for Clyde
Vroman; field: Education; thesis:
"A Basis for Selecting the Content
of the Curriculum for the Training
of Teachers of Music in the Univer-
sity of Michigan," will be held on
Monday, August 10, in West Council,
Rackham, at 2:00 p.m. Chairman]
F. D. Curtis.
By action of the Executive Board
the Chairman may invite members
of the faculties and advanced doc-
toral candidates to attend the ex-
amination and he may grant per-
mission to those who for sufficient
reason might wish to be present.
"Mother always wants me to confide in her-but I don't know
what good it would do her-at her age!"
AS OTHERS SEE SIT
0We Must Have Tomorrow's Weapons, TOO
By WALTER LIPPMANN
WASHINGTON-There are now in circulation
a number of catch phrases which men who
are up to, their job would never think of using,
until they had first sweated blood to avoid them.
One of them is the "either-this-or-that" for-
mula. Another is the formula which says: "You
can't fight today's war with tomorrow's weap-
ons." We shall not go far wrong if we adopt a
strong prejudice and insist that the resort to
either of these formulae is a good reason for
asking whether the mah who uses them is not
walking in his sleep.
For, except in special cases, he is almost cer-
tainly the 1942 model of the lean who in 1940
wanted to "superimpose" the armament program
on normal business, and in 1941 did not think
ciyilian industry could be converted to war.
The vice of the either-thi'-or-that formula-
either bomber-or-cargo planes, either merchant-
ships-or-escorts-is that it takes for granted a
fundamental fact which is not true. It assumes
that we are just about at the limit of our indus-
trial, mobilization; that we are near the peak of
efficiency in the plants, that the flow of materi-
als is effectively organized, ghat rigorous econ-
dmy is being practiced, and that the civilian
population has made all the sacrifices that can
be asked of it.
In our present stage of partial mobilization
we do not even really know how much fat and
how mucpt slack there is to draw uon. There-
fore, before we can let anyone say that some-
thing can't be done because there isn't enough
of something or other, we shall not be unreason-
able if we insist that he step aside and let some-
one else try who has a tougher mind and a
f SHE first-rate men in Washington never use
this catch phrase because they know only
too well that we are only at the beginning of a
The armed services, the War Production Board
and the civilians are still in the mental and
moral atmosphere of abundance. We have
scarcely begun, as the Higgins testimony about
steel discloses, to take control of the supply of
materials. As civilians we are still being coddled
truth is that everybody is fighting today's war
with the weapons of yesterday. The planes,
guns, tanks, ships-that are now in service were
designed and put into production 12, 18 and even
24 months ago. It is the fact, of course, that
what we decide to produce today will not reach
the fighting front for quite some time to come.
But that is precisely the reason why, in addition
to doing the utmost with what we have today,
we should also be doing the utmost today to have
better weapons tomorrow.
Certainly it takes judgment, as well as vision
and audacity, to prepare today the right weap-
ons for tomorrow. But that is just what it takes
to win this war: sound judgment in men wh'
have bold hearts and seeing minds. If men of
that sort do not come to the top, we shall never
get the initiative in this war.
-- From The Detroit Free Press
TO THE EDITOR
Maybe Ike Could Move
To the Editor:
AS IT HAPPENS, I live beside a house which
shelters a number of the writers on the edi-
torial staff of The Michigan Daily. Last night
I had difficulty in falling asleep, being troubled
by a loud and regular sound as of a suction
pump. This sound was undoubtedly that of the
writers, busy dredging up editorials for the
morning Daily. I am borne out in this supposi-
tion by the editorials themselves, which quiet
evidently owe their origin, not to inspiration,
but to artifice.
I do not condemn all that is not inspired; I
simply cannot admire that which is dredged. To
publish such stuff is to miss the point of dredg-
ing. Ostensibly one dredges in order to clear
away obstructing material, as when one clears
a channel-so that larger ships may pass
through. It is a means to an end, and the inter-
est is in the end-as in a deeper channel. There
toral candidates to attend the exam-
ination and he may grant permis-
sion to those who for sufficient rea-
son might wish to be present.
The Provisional Rifle Company
will form at the ROTC Headquar-
ters at 2 p.m. Another prol$lem in
infiltration will be conducted.
Seniors: College of Literature,
Science, and The Arts, School of Ed-
ucation, School of Music, School of
Public Health: Tentatfve lists of
seniors including tentative candi-
dates for the Certificate in Public
Health Nursing for both the Sum-
mer Session and the Summer Term
have been posted on the bulletin
board in Room 4, University Hall.
If your name -does not appear, or, if
included there, it is not, correctly
spelled, please notify the counter
Sudents, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of incom-
pletes will be Saturday, August 8.
Petitions for extension of time
should be filed in the Secretary's Of-
fice at once.
The final day for dropping courses
without record will be Saturday,
August 8. A course may be dropped
only with the permission d the
classifier, after conference 'vith the
Graduate Students in Speech:
Qualifying examinations in Speech
in the following six fields: (1) Rhet-
oric and Oratory, (2) Argumenta-
tion and Debate, (3) History of the
Theater, (4) Radio, .(5) Speech Sci-
ence, (6) Practical Theater-will be
given Friday, August 14, at 2 p.m.
in, room 4203 Angell Hall.
Political Science 1-11:00 Meet in
Room 2215 Angell Hall instead of
209 Angell Hall at 11:00, Monday,
The Michigan P.E.M. will be the
subject of Track. Coach Kenneth
Doherty's talk on Monday, August
10th, at 4:05 p.m. in the University
"Weekly Review of the News' by
Professor Howard M. Ehrmann,
Dept. of History, Tuesday, August
11th, at 4:15 p.m. in the Rakham
"The Cooperative Study in Action"
by George E. Carrothers, Director of
the Bureau of Cooperation with Edu-
cational Institutions. Tuesday, Au-
gust 11th, at 4:05 p.m. in the Uni-
versity High auditorium.
Lectures on Statistical Methods.
Professor Craig will give the last
of his series of lectures on "The
Control of Quality of Manufactured
Products," on Tuesday, 'August 11,
at 8 p.m., in 3011 Angell Hall. All
persons interested are cordially in-
"Misalliance," provocative comedy
by G. Bernard Shaw, will be pre-
sented tonight by the Michigan Rep-
ertory Players of the department of
speech. Tickets are on sale daily at
the box office, Mendelssohn Theatre.
Wesley Foundation: Wienie Roast
tonight at the island fireplace. Meet
in the Guild lounge at the church
at 8:00 p.m. Reservations must be
in at the office (6881) by 1:00 this
afternoon. Cost 15c.
Dancing in the Michigan League
Ballroom. 9-12 p.m. 'Come with or
without a partner.
Weslev Foundation: There will be
for a hike and picnic supper to -som
spot near Ann Arbor. Approximat
cost will be twenty cents per person.
The Carillon recital at 7 :5 to
8:00 p.m. Sunday, August 9, will b
presented by Mr. Hugh Glauser,
Guest Caillonneur. In addition to
works by Bach and Mozar, , Mr.
-Glauser will play three of his own
compositions for carillon-Prelude
Etude and Postlude. These will b*
followed by three modern works by
Rachmaninoff, Bartok and Wein
berger and the program will be
brought to a close with Scots airs.
Bridge at the Michigan League
from 8 until 10:30 in the eveninj.
Monday, August 10.
Mathematics Club will meet Mon-
day evening at 8 o'clock in theWest
Conference Room, Rackham Bldg.
Professor Neyman will speak= on
"Cigarette Tasting Tests and Sim-
lar Random Experiments; Probabil-
istic Elements in Their Design."
Blair McClosky, baritone, and
guest Instructor of Voice at the
School of Music during the Summer
Session, has arranged a program of
songs of Mozart, Schubert and Hugo
Wolf for his recital at 8:30 p.m.
Monday, August 10, in the Lecture
Hall of the Rackham Building. Pre-
viously announced for the Assembly
Hall, the recital will be given in the
Lecture Hall on the first floor and
will be open to the general- public
Speech Students: A demonstra-
tion broadcast of a half-hour radio
play followed by an open forum dis-
cussion will be given at 4 p.m. Mon-
day in Morris Hall. Persons inter-
ested in any phase of radio are in-
vited to attend.
The Last Square Dancing Blass
will be given on Monday night, Aug.
10, at 7:30, at the Michigan League.
Polonia Society: There will be a
meeting this Monday, August 10, at
8 p.m. in the recreation room of the
International Center. Plans f r the
canoe trip a'nd picnic will be made,
All Polish students are invited to at-
tend this meeting.
Senior Society will meet at 7:30
Tuesday in the League.
The Latin Teacher's Responsibility
in Planning for, the Post-Wr Peae
will be discussed at the Coffee Hour
for Students of Latin and Greek on
Tuesday, August 11. The meeing
will be held at4-10 in the West Con-
ference Room of Rackham.
A communal supper sponsored by.
the Avukah Organization will be
held this Sunday at 6:30. A short
discussion on the Avukah program,
will be led by Isadore Singer. David
Crohn will direct the group singing.
Reservations may be made by phon-
ing Netta Siegel at 2-2868 before
Surfday noon. The cost is 35c.
Bridge at the Michigaui League
from 2 until 4:30 In the afternoon.
Coffee hour at 4:30 in the Rackham
Building. Wednesday, August 12.
"Glimpses Into Life in South In-
dia'" is the title of motion pictures,
partially in color, to be shown by
Dr. Elizabeth Hartman on Tuesday,
August 11th, at 8 o'clock in the
Beethoven Sonata Series: On
Tuesday evening, August 11, Gilbert
Ross, violinist, and Mabel Ross
Rhead, pianist, will repeat the first
program of the series of Beethoven
Sonatas series for -the benefit of
those who were unable to secure