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August 02, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1942-08-02

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WC eather s
Scattered Thundershowers



4 it

'U' Pension Plan
Is Good Mlove ..


2:15 A.M. FINAL

RAF Strikes
At Duesseldorf
In Smashing
Bombing Raid
German Industrial Center
Scourged By Two-Ton
Explosives; 31 British
Planes Lost In Attack
Fires Still Burning
On Following Day
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Aug. 1.-The RAF
scourged the Rhineland munitions
city of Duesseldorf last night with
150 two-ton block-buster bombs and
a great weight of other explosives
and incendiaries in, a concentrated
50-minute attack probably without
destructive precedent in aerial war-
The usually reserved Air Ministry
announced the raid was made in very
strong force and added that the
deluge of destruction was a "cease-
less rain" of bombs and fire-setters.
Fires Still Burn
Smoke billowed up almost four-
fifths of a mile from the industrial
plants crushed under the weight of
the two-tonners and daylight re-
connaissance found fires still burn-
ing in the city of 350,000 population
in mid-day.
The number of planes was not
specified beyond the mention of a
great number of 4-motored Lancas-
ter bombers as well as a great force
of all other types of heavy and medi-
um bombers.
But from the announced loss of
31 British planes it can be guessed
that there were hundreds partici-
pating, perhaps somewhere between
500 and 1,000.
Defenders Confused
Duesseldorf is heavily defended
against air attack, being a Nazi arse-
nal of prime importance, but the
ground gunners and searchlight
crews were confused by the unprece-
dented momentum of the bombing,
the Air Ministry said.
",Hundreds of searchlightscame on
at once and the sky was filled with
bursting shell," said the official ac-
"To overcome such opposition it
was necessary that bombs should
fall in a ceaseless rain. They did.
"Fires sprang up quickly as bombs
were dropped and above them were
columns of smoke up to4,000 feet."
Pelley To Take
Stand Monday
In own defense

2,200 Students Needed
To Fill Reserve Quotas
Only 206 University Men Enrolled In Army Corps;
DelayedJoining Threatens Congestion In Fall

Russians Retreat Into Caucasus
As Nazis Threaten To Cut Soviet
'Communications With Stalingrad

With 206 University men already
enlisted in the newly-opened Army
Enlisted Reserve Corps on campus,
the University yesterday announced
that approximately 2200 more must
be enlisted to fill the quota set by the
government and urged all to enlist at
once to avoid trouble in the fall.
Enlistments in the Reserve Corps
enable students who mect the neces-
sary requirements to remain in
school until they finish their college
The quota is made up of 960 first-
Charge .denied
BY l%-Interlochen

year men, 740 second-year men, 450
third-year men and 250 fourth-year
men. After this year, only freshmen
will be allowed to enlist in the spe-
cially-created corps.
While announcing that the rate of
present enlistments is seven men per
day, the University wants to avoid
any congestion which might develop
when students return to campus for
the fall term.
Enlistments have no course re-
quirements except that under the
Board of Regents' ruling all enlisted
men will be required to enroll in the
University physical hardening pro-
gram, compulsory for all male stu-
dents attending the University in the
Men Are Eligible
Applications to the program-head-
ed jointly by the University War
Board and the ROTC-can be made
by all men except those enrolled in
the advanced ROTC at Room 1009
Angell Hall. Applicants will be in-
terviewed and if accepted will be given
application papers. They will also be
advised of legal, scholastic and citi-
zenship requirements before they are
interviewed at the ROTC office and
given a physical examination.
Freshmen and sophomores who en-
list now will be asked to take a quali-
fying examination during their sec-
ond year, but juniors and seniors are
If any freshman fails the qualify-
ing examination, he will be drafted
into active duty in the Army. If any
student who is enlisted drops out of
school, he will also be drafted.
Possible Deferments
Students who are concentrating in
some special field may not be called
by the government. However, the
University advised them to ask their
local draft boards for an immediate
deferment on the basis of vital train-
ing for the war effort.
If the draft deferment is granted,
it would not be necessary to enroll in
the special Enlisted Army Reserv a
Corps. If the draft deferment is not
granted, the University urges imme-
diate enlistment in the new program.
Although men enlisted in the pro-
gram will not be officers after they
graduate, they will be allowed to
state their preference for a particu-
lar branch of the service without
Army obligation to place them ac-
cording to their wish.
However, students will be eligible
for officer's training on the same ba-
sis as a selectee after they graduate.
Russian Film
To Be Shown

FDR Ma Be Granted Power
To Assigvn Work men To jobs
Bill Would Be Aimed At Providing Total Mobilization
Of All Human Resources Behind War Effort

German Onslaught Met By Strong
Resistance In All Sectors
Associated Press Correspondent
MOSCOW, Aug. 2 (Sunday).-German troops fanning out into the
western Caucasus have reached the Salsk and Kushchevka areas, 75 and 50
miles below the Don River, in a move which threatens to cut Soviet com-
munications with Stalingrad in the east, the Soviets acknowledged early
Salsk, 100 miles southeast of Rostov, apparently was reached by a
German drive which crossed the Don in the Nikolaevsk sector. It is a junc-
tion on the Stalingrad-Krasnodar railroad.
"The enemy pressed our troops back slightly" in the Salsk area, the mid-


* , *
INTERLOCHEN, Mich., Aug. 1-W4P)
-C. M. Tremaine of New York, treas-
urer of theInterlochen National Mu-
sic Camp, tonight described as erron-
eous the contention of James C. Pet-
rillo, president of the American Fed-
eration of Musicians (AFL), that the
camp "is a commercial proposition."
Petrillo said Thursday that weekly
concerts of. the National High School
Band at Interlochen were banned
from the National Broadcasting
Company Network at his request be-
cause they were "intended to com-
mercialize the Interlochen camp."
Tremaine said the National Music
Camp is a non-profit educational or-
ganization incorporated in 1927, that
it has no stock and cannot pay divi-
dends. He added, in a statement:
"Are the state universities, and
Harvard and Yale, and other similar
institutions which charge fees, to be
classed as 'commercial? Do the
American people wish to discourage
the growth and service of educational
institutions outside of the wholly
tax-supported high schools?"
Tuition of $275 charged each high
school student at the camp, Tre-
maine said, covers board, room, uni-
forms and musical instruction for the
eight weeks' season, and does not al-
ways cover expenditures, which thus
far have been provided by gifts and
borrowed money.
Who Is To Pay Whom?
SPRINGFIELD, Aug. 1. -{ )-
An unnamed Adams County farmer
wants to know if the government
owes him money on his income tax.
V. Y. Dallman, collector of inter-
nal revenue, reported that the man
reported a net income of $2,300-but
he has 11 children, entitling him to
a deduction of $5,900.

WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. --(P)-- A
proposal soon may go to Congress, a
government official said today, to
give President Roosevelt authority to
assign any one of the nation's 55,-
000,000 to 60,000,000 workers to the
job where his skill is most needed.
The official, who stipulated that
his name not be published at this
time, said this power would be aimed
at total mobilization of human re-
sources behind the war effort, and if
approved by Congress would be ad-
ministered through Manpower Chief
Paul V. McNutt.
Such job assignments probably
would bring about employment re-
adjustments for only part of the
total number of workers, it was said,
because the majority simply would
be told to remain at the jobs they
now are doing.
This power, no doubt, would put
an end to "labor pirating"--the prac-
tice whereby one plant entices the
workers of another by offers of larger
pay and opportunities of longer over-
'Moreover, the official said, it
might give force of law to the gov-
New 'Daylight
Savtings' Tax
Finance Experts Consider
System Of Collections
To Ease '42 Burden
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-A "day-
light savings" plan for the painless
advancement of individual income
tax collections to a current basis was
under serious consideration today by
Treasury experts and members of
the Senate Finance Committee.
Chairman George (Dem.-Ga.) of
the latter group said the plan had
some "intriguing" aspects which were
being analyzed by both Treasury and
Congressional leaders.
While George would not commit
himself, he said the proposal held out
some possibility of simplifying the
problem of collecting taxes from in-
dividuals who would be hard hit by
the higher rates of the pending reve-
nue bill. (The bill is designed to
raise $6,271,000,000 in additional
taxes, bringing total Federal reve-
nues this year to between $22,000,-
000,000 and $24,000,000,000.)
As outlined recently to the com-
mittee by Beardsley Rum of R. H.
Macy & Co., New York, the plan
would involve moving the tax col-
lection clock ahead a year so that
payments being made in this calen-
dar year would be considered as
credits against 1942, instead of 1941
Rumlsaid this was like moving
the clock ahead to get everyone to
work an hour earlier.
The individual would continue to
pay his quarterly installments as
usual, just as if he were paying on
, the income he made in 1941.
But legally he would be paying on
his 1942 income. If at the end of
the year, his 1942 income proved to
be smaller than his 1941 revenue,
then he would get a rebate. If it
proved larger, he would have an
additional tax to pay on the differ-

ernment's recently announced policy
that no war production workers
should labor more than 48 hours a
It was understood that any war
service legislation would give consid-
eration to the collective bargaining
rights of labor.
Some manpower officers recently
have expressed doubt, privately, that
the labor mobilization program could;
become fully effective without force
of law behind its directives.
Army Accepts
FirstO Class
I LB Draftees
Men Deferred For Minor
Defects Will Be Called
To Non-Military Service
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1e-The first
of an estimated one million men
holding a deferred 1-B classification
in the draft because of minor physi-
cal defects were accepted today for
limited military service.
Undisclosed quotas to be filled by
men with faulty eyesight, teeth and
other defects which disqualified them
for many combat duties, went out
July 3 to local boards, to become ef-
fective today, Aug. 1.
Those accepted under the relaxed
standards will be assigned to duty
with corps area service commands
and the War Department overhead,
it was announced.
By calling each month a number of
men who are physically capable of
performing limited military service,
it will be possible to release almost an
equal number of fully qualified sol-
diers for duty with task forces, the
War Department said in announcing
the new policy.
A directive to local boards from
National Selective Service headquar-
ters indicated that a laige propor-
tion of the August quota would be
composed of men with faulty teeth.
The relaxed regulations permit the
induction of men whose weight and
chest measurements are under or
over regular standards but are other-
wise fit.
Those with poor eyes, or even with
one eye, may be taken, provided the
vision can be corrected with glasses.'

night communique said. "In stubborn
German officers and men were killed
and several dozen tanks destroyed."
Kushchevka, northwest of Salsk, is
on the Rostov-Baku railway which
connects with the Stalingrad-Kras-
nodar line at Tikhoretsk.
Only on the approaches to Stalin-
grad itself did the Russians announce
a major success in the desperate at-
tempt to stop the Germans.
There, in the Kletskaya area some
80 miles northwest of Stalingrad, the
communique said "Soviet troops
withstood enemy pressure and in
places counterattacked."
Reinforcements Sent
The Russians have been, sending
huge reinforcements into the Don
River elbow to plug the Nazi effort
to reach Stalingrad on the Volga.
Midway between the western Cau-
casus and Stalingrad the Russians
said their troops still were trying to
erase Nazi bridgeheads on the Don
at Tsimlyansk, 120 miles upstream
from Rostov.
"Heavy fighting continues," the
communique said of that sector.
"In one attack the enemy lost 800
killed and 11 tanks were destroyed."
The drive from Bataisk to Kush-
chevka represented a 35-mile Nazi
advance. Another Nazi gain of equal
distance would put the Germans into
Tikhoretsk which also is the appar-
ent goal of the Nazis now battering
at Salsk.

ifighting near a river crossing 1,500
r FICaptures
8'7 Dangerous
Enemy AliUens
Germans, Italians, Japs
Seized In Metropolitan'
Area; One Has Maps;
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK, Aug. 1.--The Federal
Bureau of Investigation today an-
nounced the seizure of 87 "danger-
ous" enemy aliens, including a Japa-
nese who had maps of Pacific air and
sea distances and navigation charts
of the Aleutian Islands.
In contrast to previous arrests
here, P E. Foxworth, assistant direc-
tor of the FBI, used the word "dan-
gerous" in describing the aliens. The
group, composed of 66 Germans, 15
Italians and six Japanese, was nab-
bed in raids yesterday in the metro-
politan area..
Taken To Ellis Island
All were taken to Ellis Island for
internment hearings.,
FBI agents quoted the Jap who
had the maps as saying :
"I want to see Japan win the war.
I would not fight against the Japa-
ense under any circumstances. My
emperor, Hirohito, is a good man. He
is my ruler and I must obey him."
SFoxworth said that this man was
a leader of Hokoku-Dan, which the
FBI officials described as a fascist-
type Japanese imperial service group.
'Enter Country Illegally
Three of the Japanese and seven
of the Germans entered this country
illegally and all 87 had filed formal
declarations of refusal to service in
the,,United States armed forces, the
FBI reported. Fifteen of the Ger-
mans had registered with the Ger-
man consulate for military service in
the Nazi army.
Foxworth declared that one of the
Germans was a caretaker at a Ger-
man-American Bund camp.

Join Red Army
Cossacks and Soviet marines joined
the Red Army in the effort to stop
the German flow southward from the
Don. But the Nazi advance' raised
the imminent possibility of an addi-1
tional German broadside directed
from the Crimean Peninsula just a
few miles off the Caucasus mainland.
Press dispatches said a heaving
mass of men, tanks, dive-bombers,
artillery and Russian cavalry was
fighting on the fertile west Cauca-
sian plains. There were frequent
hand-to-hand tilts.
The 550-mile curving Russian
southern front now runs from the
Kushchevka area through Salsk and
other points on the north Caucasian
rail system to the east, leaps the Don
somewhere beyond Tsimlyansk, and
then zig-zags along the upper Don.

INDIANAPOLIS, Aug. 1. -(A')-
Counsel for William Dudley Pelley,
dapper 52-year-old former Silver
Shirt leader, said today he would tes-
tify Monday in his own defense in his
sedition trial before a federal court
Defense attorneys made the an-t
nouncement after a conference withf
Pelley, adding that he might be the
first witness for himself. The gov-
ernment completed its case yesterday
and the trial was recessed until next
Pelley's attorneys said also that
they had acceded to a request of
Maj.-Gen. George Van Horn Moseley,
retired, that he be excused as a wit-
The defense agreed, too, not to in-
sist on attendance of Marriner S.
Eccles, chairman of the Federal Re-
serve board, and subpenaed, instead,
Virgil Jordan, chairman of the Na-
tional Industrial Board, a statistical
organization, with the requestthat
he bring with him data as to the fi-
nancial condition of the United
States government.
71 Tankers, Cargo,
Ships Built In July
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-()-
America's shipyards completed 71
cargo ships and tankers of 790,300
deadweight tons in July, setting a
world record for steel ship construc-
tion for the third consecutive month.
In announcing this today, the
Maritime Commission made no ref-
erence as to how the output com-
pared with shipping losses. In June,
the previous record, United States.
shipyards turned out 67 merchant-
men of 748,154 deadweight tons.

Maxim Gorky Is
Of Art Cinema


One of the most powerful Russian
movies ever filmed, "The Childhood
of Maxim Gorky," will be presented
by the Art Cinema League at 7 and
9 p.m. today at the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall.
Gorky, who was a famous novelist.
was one of the first great writers
who wrote about the poor and down-
trodden in the world.
Because of his books in sympathy
with the working classes, Gorky was
at one time expelled by the Russian
czarist government but was recalled
after the revolution in 1919.
Gorky's childhood and how it af-
fected his later writings and life are
carefully portrayed in this movie.
Accompanying the film on the bill
will be assorted short subjects in-
cluding a color cartoon.


-Clip Here And Mail To A U.-M. Man In The Armed Forces------ --------


Ir iwArligttran Dad



Shaw's Comedy, 'Misalliance'
Opens 4-Day Run Wednesday

The Shavian principles of love,
marriage and duty of parents toward
children are electrically set forth in
George Bernard Shaw's comedy,
"Misalliance," which will open at
8:30 p.m. Wednesday on the Mendels-
sohn stage, as sixth production of
the Michigan Repertory Players.
Shaw, author of the successful
plays "Man and Superman," "Pyg-
malion," "Candida," "Major Barb-
ara," and "St. Joan," calls his "Mis-
alliance" a "debate in one sitting,"
as it presents the parental attitude
concerning up-bringing of "willful

noc+ no flin nnrlarimpnr mnmilfsr.-

cast as the unuaearim uiu
turer is Richard Stewart, who made
his first Repertory appearance in
"The Rivals." Josephine Harrald
plays Mrs. Tarleton, while Margaret
Breed enacts the headstrong Patsy.
Portraying the aviator is Frank Pic-
Tarleton's guests will include Wal-
lace Rosenbaum as Bentley Sum-
merhays; Margaret Muse as Mlle.
Szczepanowska; Daniel Mullin as
Lord Summerhays; Jacob Ulanoff as
Julius Baker, and Thomas Buck-
man as Johnny.
Charles H. Meredith, guest direc-
.t -.-.-.

Hal McIntyre Coming ...'
Hal McIntyre, recently
voted by college editors as
the nation's top-flight and
up-and-coming band, has
been signed to play for the
U. of M. summer prom to
be held in the Sports
Building August 21 . .. a
good share of the proceeds
will go to war relief groups.
Gloster Current, of the
National Association for
the Advancement of Col-
ored People, told an Inter-
Racial Association meeting
Wednesday that only by
doing away with racial in-
equality in the United
States can we convince
our allies-many of whom
are not members of the
white race-that we really
are fighting to establish
the ideal of democracy.
Professional Plunderer .. .
Edmund Green, 1890 Up-
land Drive, parked his car
near the campus and re-
turned a few minutes later
to find it ransacked with

ment and as a financial
project. Dr. Townsley, who
died last week directing a'
physical hardening course,
was a pationally-known
expert in the field. He left
a widow and three children
and all proceeds from the
program went to them.
Two ball games were on
Coach Ray Fisher's sched-
ule this week and the boys
came through in fine style
on both occasions. They
beat the State Street All-
Stars under the tutelage
of Russ O'Brien-who left
Thursday for the Army-
10-2, as the All-Stars
threw run after run to the
varsity. Bob Ingalls in cen-
terfield looked like Dick
Wakefield having an off-
day as he misjudged two
very easy flies.
The other was a return
affair with Inkster and
some fine pitching com-
bined with timely hitting
evened the series as Dick
Bodycombe paced the Wol-
verines to a 5-2 decision.

medical aid this week
through the sale of "The
Russian Glory," a maga-
zine portraying the Soviet
war effort ... A WPB ap-
proval for constr;uction of
4,500 family units in the
Willow Run area will mean
some new homes for Ann
Trailer Camp Trouble...
University students liv-
ing in a trailer camp just
east of Ann Arbor com-
plained this week when
the camp's owner, J. H.
Kraft, announced a 50-
per cent rent increase . .
and on Saturday Circuit
Judge George W. Sample
authorized a temporary in-
junction against Kraft re-
straining him from raising
the rent without OPA ap-
Ray Hutzel, Walter W.
Springer and Mrs. Ida May
Waterman will receive the
concerted support of the
Ann Arbor Citizen's School
Committee in the oncom-
inr school board elections



Of Musi c

Sponsors Faculty
Concert Tuesday
Continuing their summer series of
faculty concerts, the School of Music
wil sponsor a program by Thelma
Lewis, soprano, Frieda Op't Holt, or -
ganist, John Kollen, pianist, and
Mary Fishburne. accompanist, at 8:30
p.m., Tuesday, in Hill nAuditorium.
The presentation will include "Ich

* * *
A slow week for Michi-
gan sports fans produced
one thrill seldom matched
in bigtime athletics ... Be-
fore 5,000 cheering fans
an enthusiastic band of
4--. n. -more r. n +

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