WEDN'ESDAIr, JUNE 17, 1942
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
EDN~SDAY, JUNE 17, 1942PAGE
I - --
OK Lauren, Throw It In The Lead Pot NROTC Cadets
American Planning S kill Revealed
In Account Of corad Sea Victor
Talented students of creative writ-
ing are already probing the imagina-
tive sections of their minds in search
of ideas for manuscripts to enter in
the Avery Hopwood and Jule Hop-
wood Summer Awards.
As the purpose of the Hopwood
contests is to inspire students to de-
velop their ability in writing, awards
are made in the four fields of drama,
essay, fiction and poetry. Eight
prizes will be given, one of $75 and
one of $50 in each division.
Those enrolled in either the Sum-
mer Session or the Summer Term are
eligible to compete, provided that
they are taking one course in English
composition in the Department of
English or in the Department of
Prof. t. W. Cowden, Director of
the Hopwood Awards, emphasizes
that all manuscripts are due the
seventh week of the Summer Session,
even those of students enrolled in
the Summer Term. Anyone inter-
ested in participating in the contest
is advised to consult with Prof. Cow-
den in his office at 3227 Angell Hall.
Since 1931 when the Awards were
first established, prizes of almost
$10,000 have been distributed. Avery
Hopwood, who created the bequest,
was a prominent American drama-
tist and member of the Class of 1905
of the University of Michigan and
his will set aside one-fifth of his
estate for the encouragement of cre-
ative work in writing, especially "the
new, the unusual, and the radical."
Summer Term Contest
The first time that the contests
were open to students in the Summer
Session was in 1938 and of course
this is the first opportunity for a
contest during a Summer Term.
Judges for the Summer Awards
are to be-drama: H. T. Price, A. L.
Marckwardt, and Paul Mueschke;
essay: E. A. Walter, Arno Bader, and
Vivian C. Hopkins; fiction: Louis
Haines, Andrew Green, and M. L.
Williams; poetry: N. E. Nelson, Ben-
nett Weaver, and C. D. Thorpe.
Feast To Aid
Supplies And Big Scroll
To Be Sent Russia
The Russian equivalent of smor-
gasbord-zakuski-will be held at 8
p.m. Monday in the Masonic Temple
for the benefit of the Russian War
Russian music will be played and
Russian dances will be performed at
the;buffet supper. Tickets will be
on sale at the door.
Chairman of the local Russian War
Relief Committee is Prof. John L.
Brumm of the School of Journalism.
The committee has been working on
the campus since the outbreak of
Current work involves the pro-
curing of 1,000,000 signatures on a
scroll of greeting to the young men
and women of the Soviet Union.
The completed scrolls will be gath-
ered at a central place to be pre-
sented to Ambassador Litvinoff of
the Union of Soviet Socialistic Re-
Transportation of the scrolls and
sorely needed medical supplies which
will be purchased from contributions
made at the time of the signing of
the scrolls will be furnished by Rus-
sia.' Several shiploads have already
In charge of the scroll drive on
the campus is Elsie Litman,
For Farm Work
University students who can devote
full days to farm work .this summer
are invited to register with the
United States Employment Office
here in order to assist the "Food for
L. H. Glendening, manager of the
office in Ann Arbor, stressed that
"Students should not flock to the
farms in search of work. The re-
cruiting and employing of young
people must be planned carefully in
order to protect their health and wel-
fare, and at the same time, meet the
University students will not be
alone in this drive to secure enough
farm labor to fill the place of drafted
farm help, for high school students
are also being asked to participate.
It is emphasized that transportation
to and from the farms can usually
be arranged through the Employ-
ARM WITH CHARM
Poise, Iovehness, popularity
tyreyours! DON'T WAIT! Learn
Some three or four months ago an enterprising Daily reporter
started to do a story on the University telephone exchange, which to
his guess, probably had enough phones and wire to efficiently serve a
Ref ore he got his facts from a helpful business office employe, he
sent a Daily photographer over to some little room in the engine school
to pick up a shot of the phone operators. This is the picture, but now
no one remembers who she is. The reporter never wrote the story be-
cause he found the phone exchange couldn't even accommodate a town
as large as Dexter, down the road a few miles. The Daily's composing
room regulations stipulate that a cut must be printed before it can be
filed away ... or thrown away ...
Michigan Military Mer
By The S arge __
Only juniors And Seniors
To Study Streamlined'
Advanced Corps Work
Only juniors and seniors will be
admitted to a streamlined Summer
Term Naval ROTC as infantry drill
will be entirely eliminated.
The unit, expected to comprise
70 men, will be trained only in the
regular advanced corps courses in
ordnance, gunnery, naval communi-
cations, minor tactics, and celonavi-
Incoming freshmen, though not ac-
cepted for summer training, may ap-
ply now for admission to the fresh-
man class in NROTC next fall.
Added to the Unit's staff as an
assistant professor was Lieut. (j.g.)
Cyrus Brewer, a graduate of the Unit-
ed States Naval Academy in 1922. He
accepted his commission after 10
years in civilian life and reported
for duty with the University's NROTC
Unit on May 22.
First assignment of the summer
for the NROTC staff was the direc-
tion of 80 students of both the basic
and advanced corps on the summer
cruise. Taking four units of 20 men
each the training ships U.S.S. Will-
emette and U.S.S. Dover plied the
waters of Lake Michigan for a period
of two weeks.
Students returning from the cruise
were unanimous in approving their
opportunity to put into practice the
naval theory which has been drilled
into them throughout the winter
LANSING, June 16. --(P)-- The
War Department has authorized con-
struction of the Detroit Industrial
expressway under provisions of the
Defense Highway Act of 1941, the
State Highway Department announ-
ced today. Portion of the road al-
ready has been built.
Linking the Ford Bomber Plant
at WillowrRun and the Detroit metro-
politan area, the highway is to cost
nearly $12,000,000, including right-
of-way. In anticipation of War De-
partmnt approval, contracts for
$3,200,000 of the project have been
let as regular federal aid projects,
State Highway Commissioner G. Don-
ald kennedy said.
Federal certification will provide
75 per cent of the cost, he said, and
the regular Federal aid funds obli-
gated would be reassigned to other
projects. The State will pay 25 per
cent of the construction costs and
(ContIinued from Page :3)
side and destroyers about half a mile
Gradually our speed built up from
the 15 knots of previous cruising to
20. The Lexington maneuvered into
the wind .from time to time to re-
ceive or launch planes. The launch-
ings and landings were made fre-
quently to keep every plane fully
fueled for battle .
"Katie to carrier," came the next
radio warning from our scouts at
10:50 a.m." Big force coming in
from right ahead. Sixty miles away."
Immediately we knew we were in
for a knock down drag out battle with
the Japanese aviation. The Lexing-
ton turned into the wind at once,
launching all the reserve fighters
and scouts that had been waiting for
From here things happened fast
and furiously. The timetable of the
assault is extremely important to give
the true picture of the speed of such
attacks. I will give it, just as I scrib-
bled it in my notebook while stand-
ing on the Lexington's open signal
bridge throughout the thunderous
"Enemy planes, 17,000 feet, four
groups of nine each. Two groups
dive bombers each protected by nine
mixed Messerschmitt 1095 and Ze-
ros," Lieut. Comm. Paul Ramsey,
skipper of the defensive fighters aloft
"I'm at 14,000 about 12 miles north-
east of you, climbing hard. They're
going awfully fast. Doubt if I can
intercept," Ramsey added.
Almost simultaneously we got a
call from our scouts.
"Enemy torpedo planes spilling out
of a cloud eight miles off. They are
at 6,000 feet in a steep dive. We're
I can fix the action of the next
few minutes accurately from my notes
11:14 am,: The Lexington was
turning back into the defensive for-
mation of ships. On its port (left)
side there was only one screening
vessel, a cruiser.
11:16 a.m.: Suddenly we saw guns
aboard our screening cruiser belch
smoke and flame, and a moment
later, heard the thunder clap of the
11:16, a.m.: "Here they come,"
sang the lookouts. "Enemy torpedo
planes coming in port beam."
"Hard starboard," said Capt. Sher-
man in a conversational tone to his
helmsman. This maneuver was to
present only the stern tothe trpe-
do. But a ship, even a fast shi like
the Lexington moves at asnais pace
compared with planes.
Ship Goes Into Action
And as the captain spoke, the Jap-
anese aircraft hove into view, slim
silver monoplanes, low, spreading out
fan-like, diving in sdirectly toward
our port side at high speeds. 'Later
I heard it estimated this was 250
miles an hour. As soon as they came
into view all the 100 odd guns on the
valiant old Lexington broke into
More action from my battle notes
expanded from the few words I wrote
at the moment:
11:17 a.m.: The Japs were so low
that I saw two lead planes pull up
to skim over our protecting cruiser.
In an instant one was obliterated int
a flash of flame it must have bee t
a direct hit from the cruiser's guns.
The other kept right on coming.
11:17'. a.m.: Eight of those Japs.,
braving our fire, dropped their "fish"
then they continued straight in to-
ward us. The leading pair were
right down on the water, so lov that
they Doomed up to get over us. Both
would have passed right over t he fore
part of the deck.
Flyers Pass Astern
The other Japancce flyers were
trying to pass astern. There simi-
lar fusilades of fire were concen-
trated on them.
11:18 a.m.: The Lexington shud-
dered under our feet. and a heavy
blast flashed in a spout of water on
our port side, forward. It was a tor-
The wakes of others could be seen
streaking toward us. Some of these
torpedoes were porpoising (nosing
up out of the water and then diving
'deeply as though their control mech-
anism had been damaged). Their
wicked noses looked to me like death
incarnate. I had the illusion they
were alive, were breaking water to
keep at us and then dive again, after
having made sure of their courses.
11:20 a.m.: Wham-another tor-
pedo hit. Almost at the same place
forward. Another spout of flame en-
closed in seawater. While we were
staggering under the lurch as the
Lexington flinched under the blow,
a lookout called "dive bombers!"
Huge Bomb Misses
Looking out I saw the first dive
bomber flattening out, having re-
leased its bomb. "Boom"- a blind-
ing flash on the port forward gun
gallery. A 1,000 pound bomb had
hit among these 5 inch guns, wreck-
ing the battery and starting a fire.
And more torpedoes were swerving
toward us, their white wakes ghast-
ly in the water.
11:21 a.m.: "Jaloom," another tor-
pedo hit. Also oi the port side, al-
All round the stricken vessel huge
spouts of water were rising suddenly,
mysteriously. They were caused by
the explosions of "near misses" by
bombs. One light bomb hit the top
of the Lexington's funnel on the left
side, killing or wounding several men
firing a .50 caliber anti-aircraft ma-
Matching the increasing tempo of
airplane production, Army and Navy
recruiting centers continue to induct
thousands of college students to fill
quotas of vast air corps reserves.
If the number of University stu-
dents enrolling in Army and Navy
Air Corps is any indication of na-
tion-wide participation of colleges,
the United States will not have a
shortage of pilots long.
Five University men who have re-
cently enrolled in the ranks of the
growing U. S. Naval Reserve are:
Joseph P. Trytten, Ann Arbor; John
W. Armstrong, Three Rivers, Mich.;
Arthur Leckner, Jr., St. Joseph,
Mich.; Earl S. Wicks, New York,
N. Y., and Richard B. Purdy, of Bri-
arcliff, N. Y.
These aviation cadets were sworn
into the Naval Reserve during the
last days of June and are now wait-
ing to be called to commence their
basic training. First post for the
fledging flyers will be the University
of Iowa, where they will undergo
three months of intensive physical
training and groundschool work.
Following this the cadets will be
transferred to a Naval Reserve Avia-
tion Base for primary flight train-
ing before being sent south to earn
On the eve of the departure of
Prof. Heneman of the political sci-
Will le Considered
By PostUar Group
Discussion of the Atlantic Charter
of President Roosevelt and Prime
Minister Winston Churchill, dramat-
ically drawn up on the decks of a
destroyer in the summer of 1941, will
be led by Prof. Howard M. Ehrmann
of the history department at 7:30
p.m., June 25, in the Grand Rapids
Room of the League.
The discussion is sponsored by the
Michigan Post-War Council, whose
work since its beginning in April has
been to arouse interest in the prob-
lems of post-war peace.
The Council, governed by an exec-
utiVe committee of representatives
from the Student Religious Associa-
tion, the Student Senate, Congress,
the League, Panhellenic Association,
Assembly, Intercooperative Council,
Interfraternity Council, the Union.
the Hillel Foundation, and The Daily,
is headed directly by Herb Heaven-
rich, '44, and Pat McGraw, '44. Pic-
nics, meetings and discussions will
be held throughout the summer.
War Hero Will Visit
Decfenise Plants Today
ence department comes news of a
former faculty man who is now in
the armed forces. At Fort Bragg,
N. C., Lt. Lowell R. Perkins, of Mount
Vernon, Ohio, formerly instructor in
chemistry at the University, is now
instructing defense against chemical
attack in the Field Artillery Replace-
ment Center School there.
Board Here June 27
Having recently completed the
most successful tour it has ever had,
the Traveling Aviation Cadet Exam-
ining Board, in its never ending
travels throughout the state giving
examinations to prospective flyers,
will once more arrive at Ann Arbor
on June 27 for a three-day stay here.
A few of the cadets who success-
fully passed their mental and physi-
cal examinations at recent visits by
the board are: Morton R. Cohn, '45,
Monroe; August Altese, '40, Detroit;
William D.Tompkins, Fall River,
Mass.; Louis Hurtik, '41, Pontiac;
Warren A. Nelson, '41, Galien, Mich.;
Wilfred .G. Checkley, Ann Arbor;
Philip G. Wheeler, '42, Pleasant
Ridge, Mich.; John N. Tehan, Spring-
field, Ohio, and John F. Landwehr,
Stony Ridge, Ohio.
Stressed At Camp
Founded in 1931 by John N. Clan-
cy and boasting a total enrollment
of four boys, the 'National Speech
Improvement Camp at "Shady
Trails" has grown to accommodate
forty boys and to be recognized as
one of the outstanding camps of its
kind in the country.
The "Shady Trails" setup consists
of five groups of boys arranged ac-
cording to hge, the top group com-
posed of men of college age. Each
group is independent of the others
in its recreational and educational
program, with its own speech cor-
rectionist and physical director.
Located on Grand Traverse Bay.
the camp offers swimming, boating
and hiking as a means of teaching
coordination to the campers. "Shady
Trails" opens on June 20 this year,
for its usual nine weeks run under
the direction of John Clancy of the
University Speech Clinic.
11:22 a.m.: "Tham"--once more kind. Our pilots, heroes every on
the Lexington lurched beneath our got 24.
FOU'R THE DRTION
DIU litPATTER'IISON & AULD
ratIert fwcler3 at /C G a/ n
1209 South University Ru'r i ANN OAKES, Mgr.
feet. The fourtni torpedo hit.
11:22' a.m.: "Baloom" -now the
fifth torpedo, all on the port side,
amidships and forward. Looking off
the bridge I could see the water
foaming and laced with torpedo
trails. They seemed to be coming
from all directions and in unlimited
I looked out to starboard to seo
how the rest of the ships were far-
ing and conted five planes burning
on the water. Japanese planes go-
ing away were being followed by our
starboard guns that trailed tracers
into and after them.
11:25 a.m.: "Seven more torpedo
planes," the lookouts called again.
"From the port side."
The, anti-aircraft fire was so hot
that the pilots in those planes were
anxious to get away. They failed to
press home the attack like the first
group. All of them dropped their
torpedoes while still at a 45 degree
glide and more than 200 feet above
the water, and then turned away,
never coming closer than within 1,500
yards of the Lexington.
Five More Planes
11:27 a.m.: Five more Japanese
torpedo planes appeared in the cen-
ter of the fleet. They singled us out,
spread out and bored in toward our
starboard (right) side. With the en-
tire fleet firing at them they dropped
their "fish" a long way out. The old
Lexington, still charging ahead de-
spite her wounds, turned once more,
and all these missed.
Two Japanese planes with torpe-
does slid in through the fleet fire.
These turned aside from the Lexing-
ton, passing' astern of us, and drop-
ped their "fish" at the cruiser on our
port quarter. The ship swung, avoid-
ing the torpedoes. The cruiser's
gunners got a direct hit on one of the
two planes. The plane just disap-
peared in a clap of thunder and
11:32 a.m.: The last of the dive
bombers swung by, raking us with
his gunfire as he passed. The bomb
fell close but missed, and suddenly
there was silence.
In all this furious, close-packed
action, our fighters and scouts had
not been idle. One hundred and
three Japanese planes came over.
Forty-nine fell in a 20 mile radius
around us, downed by our planes and
ship's guns. The guns in all took
119, an all time high for a fight of this
To Be Exhibitedl
LANSING, June 16.-(A)-A "sand-
thrower" designed to smother ground
and brush fires with a stream' of
sand will be demonstrated by the
State Conservation Department near
The device was invented by G. I.
Stewart, director of the department's
forest fire experiment station near
Roscommon and is said to do the
work of 25 men, It is powered by a
10 horse-power gasoline engine and
resembles a motor-drive lawn mower
Digging a trench about 13 inches
wide, the machine spews a stream of
soil which will bury a fire 12 to 15
feet on either side of the furrow, the
department said, pointing out that it
was especially fitted for the fire
fighting work in the sandy soils of
Michigan's cut-over country.
MISC Coed Is Suicide
EAST LANSING, June 16.-(IP)-
Coroner Ray Gorsline reported that
Miss Jean L. Desmond, 19, of Detroit,
a freshman coed, leaped to her death
from a fifth floor window of the
Home Economics Building at Michi-
gan State College today. He listed
her death as suicide.
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Workingmen of five Ann Arbor
plants now produling defense ma-
terials will be visited today by one
of the 15 Marine and Navy heroes
who have returned from battle fronts
tat -,nta. l tt- e : a s el. ,t"