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July 18, 1942 - Image 1

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Weather
Warm and Humid

it A

4 t

Editorial
"Workers Must Stop
Wildcat Strikes ..

VOL. L No. 25-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 19, 1942

2:15 A.M. FINAL

The Aleutian Truth:
Chicagoan Describes

t

Roving Sea Struggle

(Editor's Note: This is the first in a series of stories by staff
correspondent Keith Wheeler of The Chicago Times on action in
the Aleutian Islands. Wheeler, attached to the U.S. Pacific Fleet
since shortly after Pearl Harbor, arrived in Alaska with a fleet
unit shortly after the initial Japanese attack on Dutch Harbor and
was the first accredited correspondent to reach Alaska. The Times
supplied the stories to the Associated Press for use by newspapers
outside of Chicago.)
By KEITH WHEELER
(Copyright, 1942, Chicago Times, Inc.)
AT SEA WITH THE U.S. PACIFIC FLEET, June 18 (Delayed)-
The Japs are dying in Kiska Harbor today as the war of the Aleutian mists
begins again after three days of storms and glue-thick fogs.
United States bombers sank a Jap transport with a direct hit and six
near misses.
It was the first contact since June 14 when the fog broke long
enough for eight of this command's Catalina flying boats to drop
through the clouds over Kiska and dump six tons of dynamite on the
Jap ships lying there.
One 500-pound crump fell square on a light cruiser and started a gaudy
fire. Another dropped alongside a transport close enough, the bombardier
felt, to make serious underwater damage a certainty.
As usual, the Japs had their guns trained on the cloud breaks and five
Catalinas came away as full of holes as shirts back from the ship's laundry.
Hit Square In Nose By Ack-Ack
One established a record of sorts by colling with a three-inch anti-
aircraft projectile in flight. It is unorthodox enough for a plane to be
hit square by ack-ack. But the Catalina concerned violated all etiquette
of such encounters by getting away with it. The projectile tore a neat hole
through the hull but failed to explode.
According to my information, the day's endeavors brought the box score
in this odd 15-day-old campaign to this:
Two Jap submarines and one transport certainly destroyed; one
heavy cruiser torpedoed and probably sunk; three cruisers set afire of
six hit by bombs; one destroyer set afire; two transports hit; several
four-engine patrol seaplanes destroyed; one cruiser plane, one Mitsu-
bishi bomber and several Zero fighters shot down.
And so this strange war proceeds on its eerie course in the latitudes
of the midnight sun.
The contest has developed into as grim a game of blindman's buff as
was ever contrived by man for the destruction of his fellows. Through the
unending fogs it ranges up and down the bleak Aleutian rocks, from Dutch
Harbor 800 miles past Kiska and Attu, where the Japs are getting set for
what may become a major push against continental America.
Back home, where the radios nightly boil down this war and explain it
to us, they appear to feel this is a remote business, of little moment either
to us or to the Japs. Unfortunately that is not wholly true.
Japs Moving In Mean Business
The Japs are moving into these waters with as heavy a concentration
of combat ships, transports and aircraft as they've assembled anywhere
but Midway. Their cruisers and destroyers and two or more aircraft
carriers provided for this show grope about in the eternal fogs waiting
for the time to shoot the works.
Through the same waters, but as shut off as though we occupied another
ocean, the ship on which I am an observer proceeds about its mysterious
affairs, to the further consternation of his bedeviled majesty, Hirohito.
It is a slow and painful business, for though daylight runs 20 hours a day
and the nights are never really dark, the fog is always here. It lies like a
tattered blanket over sea and land everywhere north of 45 degrees.
There has been no contact between surface ships since June 1, when at
sunset this ship raised the elusive sticks of three military masts against the
last westerning light. We lost them in the dark.
Battle Is Not Over Yet
The battle is not over yet. This is no final summary. The climax may
come before these wandering dispatches wend their painfully uncertain way
to Chicago-or it may take all sumer.
The battle began June 3, when "Honorable Enemy" sent 15 fighters
and 13 Mitsubishi bombers across misnamed Cape Cheerful to bomb
Dutch Harbor in two waves several hours apart. Before the day was out,
Navy Catalinas located an enemy carrier and its attendant ships off
the south coast of Unalaska. They put a shadow on the invader and in
the next 48 hours established a record of endurance and courage unlike-
ly to be equalled in this war.
On the second day, the Catalina led army bombers through the fog to
two carriers hanging out 250 miles south of Umnak Island.
That day a torpedo-carrying B-26 bomber established contact long
enough to attack. He bored in at the carrier's looming hulk, one of
Japan's largest, and cut loose his tin fish. Instead of going into the
water, where it could arm itself, the torpedo dropped on the carrier's
flight deck, and worked as much destruction as a 2,000-pound weight
can workanywhere it happens to fall. It did not explode.
Jap Ships, Subs, Planes Pop Up
Meanwhile Jap ships, submarines and airplanes popped up with bewild-
ering frequency all along the chain, as far eastward as Unimak Pass and
the Shumagin Islands. (The Shumagins lie under the Alaskan Peninsula,
200 miles toward the mainland from the tip.)
Numerous one-sided dogfights developed between the lumbering Cata-
linas and nimble Zero fighters off the carriers. One Catalina was shot down
in flames and many suffered damage. The Cats accounted for at least one
attacking Zero.
The Japs attacked Dutch Harbor again, inflicting some damage and a
few casualties but making no real progress toward blasting that base.
The weather was too bad for a full-scale attack and those bombers that

came found their job increasingly difficult.
Our first sizable lick at the enemy was the accomplishment of two
B-26 bombers that suddenly found themselves out of the mist and
sitting over a 10-gun heavy cruiser, one of Japan's best. They attacked
and hit her bow and stern with two torpedoes. It appeared, they report-
ed laconically, as though "destruction seemed certain."
All that day the weather was bad and, in the aerographer's words, "get-
ting progressively worse."
If a quick cleanup of the invading force had been planned by us, that
first day was enough to establish the error of our plan.
Some Bomber Flights Never Got Off
Some bomber flights were never able to get off, others hunted for hours
through mists - probably passing within splitting distance of the Jap ships

Conference
On Religion
Will Be Held
Principal Speaker To Be
Henry Nelson Wieman
Of ChicagoFaculty
Opening Meeting
Will BeTuesday
By JIM WIENNER
Two addresses by Henry Nelson
Wieman, Ph.D., The Divinity Fac-
ulty, University of Chicago will high-
light the first day of the Eighth An-
nual Conference on Religion here
starting Tuesday.
Professor Wieman will speak at
a luncheon to be held at 12:15 p.m.
in the Union and again at 8:15 p.m.
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Building. The general topic of both
talks will be "Achieving Personal
and Social Stability." The social as-
pect of this problem will be empha-
sized at the noon lecture while the
personal aspect will receive more
thorough attention during his eve-
ning talk.
Professor Wieman is the author of
many highly regarded books on his
field of study. Prominent among
these are "The Issues of Life," "Re-
ligious Experience and the Scien-
tific Method," "American Philoso-
phies of Religion," and "The Growth
of Religion."
Marital Relations
"The Religious Factors in Marital
Relations" will be the topic of the
initial forum at 2 p.m. Tuesday in
the East Conference Room of the
Rackham Building.
Taking part in this discussion will
be Prof. J. Howard Howson of Vas-
sar College; Father Frank J. Mc-
Phillips of St. Mary's Chapel Uni-
versity of Michigan; Rabbi Morris
Adler of Congregation Shaarey Ze-
dek, Detroit; Prof. Leonard E. Him-
ler, Associate Psychiatrist at the
University Health Service; The Rev.
Rollin Fairbanks, Episcopal Rector,
Grosse Ile; and Mrs. Howard Bige-
low, a mother and teacher from
Kalamazoo.
Other plans for the three day
meeting include a lecture on "Relig-
ion in Our Era-The Present Situ-
ation" to be given by Professor How-
son at the Thursday noon luncheon
to be held at the Union.
Additional Forums
Additional forums will be held on
Wednesday and Thursday from 2:30
p.m. at the Rackham Building. The
questions under discussion will be
"Religious Phases of Family Security
in the Willow Run Area" and
"School-Church Relations in the
Normal Michigan Community."
Also included in the conference
program is a consideration of Re-
ligious Counseling from 10 to 12 daily
at the Rackham Building. Dr. Ed-
ward W. Blakeman, Counselor in
Religious Education here at the Uni-
versity, will lead these classes.
Tickets for the luncheons at the
Union may, be had at the College of
Education or may be reserved by
calling University 303.
Marx Brothers Hit
To Be Shown Here

Hell Hath No

I feel likeg4 reporter on assign-
ment in a Turkish bath.
I" like every other feature-
writer in the 48 states, was or-
dered to dig up a new angle on
the old weather yarn.
Thinking in traditional chan-
nels I went out to fry eggs on the
sidewalk, but it was so hot that
trying to do them sunny-side-up
I burned the yolks.
That started me wondering.
After all, people have talked,
blabbed, joked, argued, simpered,
and sweated over the weather
sincec a good many years A.D., and
here am I-a presumptous report-
er trying to dig up a new angle.
I admit it was 940 Fahrenheit
yesterday and that's hot enough
for an Indian fire-eater. It's even
hot when you reduce it to Centi-
grade, but that's not the point.
The point is this: If someone-
a city editor, for instance- insists
upon hearing something new
about an apparently exhaustibly
inexhaustible subject, all you can
do is tell him to go to hell.
E. R. Townsley
Dies Suddenly
On PEM Field
Death Cones To Physical
Education Faculty Man
While Leading Group
Physical education instructor Dr.
Elmer R. Townsley died at 2 p.m.
yesterday of a sudden heart attack
brought on by sweltering heat and
strenuous exercise while conducting
a physical hardening class at Ferry
Field.
"He gave up his life for physical
education," said Dr. Warren E. For-
sythe, Director of the Health Service.
"He knew that he had a bad heart,
but refused to give up his work. He
loved that more than anything."
Exercised Strenuously
Before the PEM class had begun,
Dr. Townsley went through some
very strenuous side-horse exercises
in the sun, reported intramural offi-
cials. When the attack came he was
leading the class in calisthenics.
Suddenly ordering the students to sit
down, he did so himself. He then
laid down on his back and remained
motionless. Other instructors, realiz-
ing that something was wrong,
rushed forward and attempted to re-
vive him, but not even the eventual
assistance of Dr. T. D. Fitzgerald of
the Health Service was successful.
Dr. Townsley had been very active
in organizing and carrying out the
physical hardening program. While
his work was usually carried on in
Waterman Gymnasium, he always
led PEM calisthenics on Saturdays.
Slated To Succeed May
He was slated to suceed Dr. May as
head of the physical education de-
partment upon Dr. May's retirement
this fall.
Both Athletic Director Fritz Cris-
ler and Women's Athletic Director
Margaret Bell characterized his loss
as irreparable. Crisler said of Dr.
Townsley, "I don't know of anyone
who can replace him."
Surviving him will be his wife. Mrs.
Jean Townsley and three children.
He was 34 and had obtained his M.D.
from the University in 1938.
His body will rest in the Muehlig
Funeral Home until 11 a.m. Tuesday
morning at which time it will be tak-
en to the Gear Funeral Home in
Ypsilanti for funeral services at 2:30
p.m. the same day.
Ford Iron Mountain

Plant Workers End
Two-Day Shutdown
By The Associated Press
The Ford Motor Company plant at
Iron Mountain went back into pro-
duction yesterday after a two-day
shutdown caused by what union
leaders said was a "work cessation,
not a strike."
The last of about 700 men who left
their machines asking cancellation
of a "stagger system" of employment
and weekly instead of bi-weekly pay-
ments returned to their jobs. Offi-
cials of the CIO United Automobile
Workers said the "work cessation"
had not been authorized by the
union.
Unimpressed By Hitler,
Teacher Joins WAAC

End Of 220

-Mile

Front,

Reporter's Mirage

Russians Gain At North

Hold Back Nazis In South

Fury

British Bombers Leave Axis
Base Flaming In Libyan Raid
4.-I

By LARRY ALLEN
Associated Press Correspondent
WITH THE BRITISH NAVAL AIR
SERVICE IN EGYPT, July 18-Brit-
ish naval dive-bombers attacking the
Axis' foremost desert sea base at
Matruh last night and early today
turned the jetties into sheets of
flames that could be seen for 20
miles and planted heavy explosives
in the heart of a concentration of
1,500 Axis tanks and vehicles.
"Those oil drums on the docks ex-
ploded like firecrackers," one return-
ing pilot said.
"We got several direct hits right in
the heart of the massed transport
where tanks burst into flames," said
another who dive-bombed the inland'
concentration.
Axis laborers had unloaded thou-
sands of gasoline and oil drums on
the Matruh docks to feed Marshal
Rommel's tank and motorized in-
fantry.
These drums erupted like a volcano
after the first British bomb hits.
Succeeding waves of British airmen
dived toward this roaring inferno to
feed their bombs into the cauldron
which immediately illuminated the
small supply ships in the harbor.
Other units then concentrated on
the ships, and their bombs sent great
geysers of water over the stricken
vessels, one of which immediately
went down by the stern.
The attack on Matruh was the sec-
Chinese. Claim
MajorVictory
CHUNGKING, July 18.-(P--The
Japanese have been blasted out of
Wenchow after holding that south-
ern Chekiang Province seaport less
than a week and additional setbacks
have been inflicted upon the enemy
on three other active fronts, the
Chinese announced tonight.
The official Central News Agency
said the Japanese were retreating
southward from Wenchow toward
Juian, 13 miles away, and that Gen-
eralissimo Chiang Kai-Shek's forces
were reentering the city which thus
becomes one of two of the larger
seaports still in Chinese hands.
the combined air-naval action which
shot up the port recently.
It began at dusk yesterday and

ond big one in a week and followed
continued into the early hours today,
and the returning airmen did not be-
little the Nazi shore defenses. Every
plane diving onto the port was
framed with exploding anti-aircraft
shells - and yet every pilot returned
to his base here safely.
As the airmen climbed out of their
cockpits with that satisfied feeling
of a job well done, they saw another
reassuring sight - truckloads of
Italian prisoners being taken to the
rear after their capture in the
ground fighting west of El Alamein.
House Debate
On Major Tax
Bill Concludes
Administration Adherents
Rally Forces For Vote
On Corporation Rates
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON, July 18 - The
House concluded three days of
speeches on the $6,143,900,000 tax
bill today while, meantime, admin-
istration leaders checked to make
sure all their supporters would be on
hand for a vote tomorrow on the
question of changing the corporation
rates.
Rep. Knutson (R.-Minn.) already
has served notice he will demand
that the House send the bill back to
the Ways and Means Committee with
instructions to raise the excess prof-
its rate from 871/2 per cent to 90 per
cent and lower the combined normal
and surtax on corporations from 45
to 40 per cent. If his motion is de-
feated, a final vote on the bill is ex,.
pected to follow.
The leaders' energetic rallying of
their forces indicated they anticipat-
ed the vote on the Minnesotan's mo-
tion might be close.
Knutson said "We have a chance,
depending on whether we can pick
about 50 Democratic votes."
Opening the attack on the pro-
posal, Rep. Cooper (D.-Tenn.) told
the House that it would reduce the
estimated yield of the bill by about
$390,000,000.

British Score Successes
In Fierce Egyptian Strife
West Of Alexandria
Possibility Is Seen
For Second Front
By RICHARD McMURRAY
Associated Press war Editor
Soviet soldiers smashing at the
northern end of the blazing 220-
mile front in Southern Russia were
reported today to have advanced and
captured a number of "populated
places" while to the South Germany's
million men pressed against stubborn
Russian resistance in a drive toward
Rostov and Stalingrad.
The midnight Russian communi-
que said that the Red Army over-
came stiff resistance by the Germans
to score advances on various sectors
of the Voronezh front, where the
Russians have claimed their troops
seized the initiative from the Ger-
mans and are counter-attacking.
In the sharpening naval warfare
in the Baltic, the Russians said their
ships had sunk an 8,000-ton enemy
transport.
The midnight communique, re-
porting that fighting still is under
way to the south of Millerovo, lower
end of the long front running down
from Voronezh, indicated that the
Soviet forces had yielded little if any
ground yesterday.
They were withstanding terrific
pressure from the all-out German
drive toward Rostov and Stalingrad,
guardian cities of the Caucasus oil
fields and the Russians were forcing
the Germans to pay a huge price in
lives and machines.
The Germans claimed they had
reached the lower Don "on a broad
front" east of the Donets, indicating
their tanks and men were threaten-
ing to outflank Rostov, 65 miles to
the west at the mouth of the Don.
English Hold Rommel's
Army In Full Check
On the other world front of crisis
-the Egyptian desert 75 to 80 miles
west of Alexandria - the British not
only were meeting and repulsing the
full Axis might, but scoring successes
of their own. All the front held firm,
and a growing toll of Marshal Rom-
mel's armor was taken.
The U.S. Air Commander for In-
dia, Maj.-Gen. Lewis H. Brereton,
took charge of American fliers fight-
ing wing to wing with the British in
Egypt in a shift that suggested that
America's mounting air strength had
been reinforced greatly.

- - Clip Here And Mail To A U..M. Man In The Armed Forces - -- - - - -

As Series

Opener

Pledging part of the proceeds to a
scholarship fund for needy students,
the Art Cinema League will open its
new series July 24 with the hilarious
Marx Brothers comedy "Duck Soup."
A repeat favorite with Art Cinema
fans this film is almost universally
recognized as the best of the many
Marx Brothers' comedy hits.
Following "Duck Soup" on the pro-
gram will be the Alfred Hitchcock
thriller "The Lady Vanishes." It will
be shown July 31 and contains such
stars as Michael Redgrave and Dame
May Whitty.
Third on the program lined up for
the summer cinema season is "The
Childhood of Maxim Gorky," one of
the greatest Russian movies ever
filmed; it is scheduled for August 2.
Last in the current series of class-
ic cinema is Eugene O'Neill's "Anna
Christie." It marks the famous co-
appearance of Greta Garbo and
Marie Dressler and will be shown
Aug. 9.
All films will receive two per-
formances on the evening they are
scheduled to appear and will be
shown in the Rackham Lecture Hall.
Single and series tickets are obtain-
able at the Michigan League.
Inside

SERVICE
E DIT ION
VOL 1. No. 4
Deferments
President Ruthven has
commended a bulletin re-
leased this week by selec-
tive service headBrig-
Gen. Lewis B. Hershey
which recommended defer-
ments for students who
have completed two years
of study in vital scientific
fields or have already be-
gun graduate work . . .
Students in the physical
sciences andin some social
sciences-such as person-
nel administration-are on
the recommended defer-
mentlist. The bulletin also
suggested an additional
60-day deferment beyond
graduation in order that
students "may have an op-
portunity to engage in a
critical occupation
All five University ROTC
units have been accorded
a rating of "excellent as
a result of the annual Fed-
eral Inspection held in the
spring, according to Maj.-
Gen. George Grunert, com-
manding general of the
Sixth Corps Area. Jack W.
Dumond, 19-year-old ser-

Ear fair4toatt-:43attp

JULY 19, 194~

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN

JUL'Y 19, 1942

Ann Arbor got its biggest
1942 dose of heat and hu-
midity starting Thursday,
and by Saturday the tem-
perature was up to 93 .
the mugginess drove hun-
dreds of U. of M. students
out to Loch Alpine, Barton
Pond and other swimming
spots around town ... the
tennis courts were empty,

Blackout a Success ...
Ann Arbor's Thursday
night 15-minute test black-
out was "very successful"
in the words of Police
Chief Sherman Mortenson
and visiting officials who
came to observe the black-
out. Arnold Renner, state
fire marshal, called it "the
best blackout I've ever
seen." The night was
nearly perfect with just a
slit of a new moon in the
sky as was the cooperation
of the 60,000 persons in the
area affected. Everything
but the four war plants
blacked out . . . a Michi-
gan Central freight train
passed through town dur-
ing the dark period-with-
out a light showing. No-
body was hurt during the
blackout although a few
accidents occured just be-
fore the sirens sounded At
10:28 p.m. The Jackson,
Mich., chief of police had
a blackout of his own when
his elevator in the First
National Bank Building
was caught between floors
when a CD official pulled
the master switch . . . he

terms of a surprise black-
out ... officials are work-
ing now trying to figure out
how to step up the power
of the sirens ... the south-
eastern part of town didn't
even hear the whistles but
blacked out by the clock.
Suits Is C.O.
Daniel B. Suits, a teach-
ing fellow in the econom-
ics department, has de-
clared himself a conscien-
tious objector and is now
in a civilian public service
camp in Northern Michi-
gan. In a statement sub-
mitted to his St. Louis, Mo.,
draftboard, Suits cited
"basic economic malad-
justments" as the blame
for the present interna-
tional chao, but empha-
sized that he holds his po-
sition as a conscientious
objector on a religious, not
economic, basis.
Regents Mee#
The Board of Regents
held its July meeting Fri-
day in their Angell Hall
rooms which Dr. Ruthven's
secretary Miss Ruth Rouse

L -ea

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