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July 24, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-24

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WPeather
Continued Warm

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

jO.ait3

Editorial
Truth
And The Absolute.. .

VOL. LI. No. 20 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JULY 24, 1941 Z-32

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Reuters Says Nazi
Offensive Stopped
In Smolensk Areal

Conference On Religion
Concludes Meeting Here

M-

Russians Concentrate Air
Power On Germany's
Mechanized Regiments

I

Raids On Moscow
Discounted By Reds
BERLIN, July 23.-()-Belated
dispatches tonight reported Russians
and Germans were locked in a fierce
struggle at close quarters for the
Smolensk area which the Germans
last week-end claimed they hadt
passed to lay open the central gate-r
way to Moscow.
(The British news agency Reuters
in a dispatch from a special corre-
spondent reported it was true Ger-a
man advance units had reached theI
environs of Smolensk some days ago,f
but that they were driven away.
(Reuters added that the impres-
sion is growing among competent ob-i
servers that the second big German
offensive directed mainly againstI
Smolensk-and Moscow-is exhaust-t
ing itself after 10 days in the facec
of formidable Soviet resistance andt
because of German supply diffi-
culties.) .
No Points Mentioned#
The high command in its dailyI
communique mentioned no specific
points on the Russian front, but ink
general terms stated that "in thet
course of attempts to break the ringt
and help enclosed troops, the enemyt
everywhere suffered extraordinarily"
sanguinary losses."
"In the Ukraine," said the com-
munique, "German, Rumanian, Hun-
garian and Slovak troops continuedE
the pursuit untiringly. On otherI
parts of the eastern front envelopingE
and annihilation of small and big
Soviet groups continue."
Detailed Press Dispatches
Press dispatches were more de-1
tailed. Accounts from the Smolensk
area told of bloody fighting at close1
range, of German and Russian tankt
battles and of German air raiderst
strafing Russian troops on the
ground.
A German tank division overran
Russian units and "fully destroyed
two regiments," a German source
said today.
* * *
Russians Bomb Nazi
Mechanized Forces
MOSCOW, Thursday, July 24.-(P)t
-Concentrated air attacks on Ger-,
man mechanized and motorized unitsj
along the farflung German-Russian
battleground and the rout of a Nazit
mechanized regiment on the Bess-
arabian front were reported early to-
day by Soviet Russia. a
The Red Army indicated in the
daily early communique that Russian
positions once more remained un-
changed, with stubborn battles in
progress in the Polotsk-Nevel, Smo-
lensk, Zhitomir and Bessarabian sec-
tors last night. These are the re-a
gions of the German major drives,
on Leningrad, Moscow, Kiev and
Odesse, respectively.
Nazi Equipment Seized
In routing the German regiment,
the Russians reported seizing 32
armored cars, 25 guns, eight mine-
throwers, 400 motor cars and 300
motorcycles.
These Soviet successes were an-
nounced after the Russians had
claimed to have maintained in two
successive night-long raids on Mos-
cow the destruction rate of 10 per-
cent of the attacking German planes.
Of 150 German planes assaulting
the capital through last night and
into the early morning, it was offi-
cially declared 15 were brought down
by Red fighter craft. This was given
only as a preliminary figure and did
not take into account any raiders
that may have been destroyed by
heavy anti-aircraft fire and by the
trailing cables of new barrage bal-
loons sent aloft.,at the first scream
of the warning sirens.
Despite what was termed here the
success of this defense which fol-

lowed the announced destruction of
22 of 200 German planes in the war's
first massed raid on Moscow the
previous night, a government com-
munique conceded scores of persons
were killed and wounded.
Helma'% f it P xq

Keynote Talk
To Be Given
By Smithies
Speaker To Open Parley
Conference Tomorrow;
Panels Meet Saturday
By DAN BEHRMAN
Prof. Arthur Smithies will deliver
the keynoting address atthe Sum-
mer Parley's opening session tomor-
row at 3:30 p.m. in the Union, Irving
Jaffe, Parley Secretary, announced
yesterday.
Recently promoted to the rank of
associate professor of economics,
Professor Smithies was graduated
from Oxford in 1932. In 1935 he re-
ceived his doctorate from Harvard
and he has spent his last three years
in America.
With its theme of a "Pattern For
Democracy-Today and Tomorrow,"
the Parley will conduct four panel
discussions Saturday. These "round-
table" groups will meet at 2:15 p.m.
and 7:30 p.m., while Harold Guetz-
kow will summarize the two-day con-
ference at the closing session to be
held 9 p.m. in the Union.
"Democracy After the War" will
be the topic of the first panel, while
the second group will deal with "Eco-
nomic Problems of Defense." The
third and fourth panels will discuss
"The 'Four Freedoms' At Home" and
"Education In a Time of Crisis."
A. P. Blaustein, Joseph A. Yager
and Karl Kessler will lead their pan-
els as already announced, but James
Duesenberry will replace Daniel Huy-
ett, Chairman William Ditz declared.
Circumstances have made it impos-
sible for Huyett to be in Ann Arbor
while the Parley is in session.
Ditz also named Crowell Pack,
Herbert London, James Terrell, Rob-
ert L. DeLine, Irving Botvin and
Robert W. Nickle to the Secretarial
Committee. Further additions to this
group will be made tomorrow.
Proceedings Called
Illegal By ANPA
WASHINGTON, July 23.-(P)-
Branding the proceedings illegal,
The American Newspaper Publishers
Association informed the Federal
Communications Commission today
that four subpoenaed newspapermen
would refuse to appear as witnesses
at the commission's investigation, of
newspaper ownership of radio sta-
tions.
The four subpoenaed men are
Lieut. Commander James G. Stahl-
man of the Nashville Banner, a for-
mer president of the Association,
now on active duty with the navy;
Edwin S. Friendly, business manager
of the New York Sun; Arthur Robb,
editor of Editor & Publisher, and
William A. Thomson, New York, di-
rector of the Bureau of Advertising
of the ANPA.
Strike Notice Given
LANSING, July 23.-(YP)-Notice of
intent to strike was filed today with
the State Labor Mediation Board by
the UAW-CIO at the Gorham Tool
Company, Detroit.

Current problems facing religion
in a world at war will feature the
discussion program at the final ses-
sions of the conference on religion
here today.
"The Perversion of Religion by
Wishful Thinking" will be discussed
at 11 a.m. today in the East Con-
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing by Prof. Leroy Waterman of the
Oriental languages department.
Question of Democracy: Paradox
of the Need of Unity in Democracy
at the Level of Universal Human
Interest in the Personality and the
Need for a Unity in Religious Educa-
tion, a continuation of the discus-
sion Tuesday, will be the topic of
the luncheon meeting at 12:15 p.m.
in the Union.
Two topics will be discussed at
the Religious Education Forum at
2:30 p.m. today under the chairman-
ship of Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of
the education school. "An appraisal
of Current Proposed Plans for more
Thorough Religious Education of
Children and Youth," and "Conser-
vation of Democratic Values as well
as Religious Attitudes in the Com-
munities, and the Function of the
Leaders" will be the topics discussed.
Basil Mathews, professor of Chris-
tian World Relations at Boston Uni-
versity, will discuss "Christianity in
a World at War" at 4:15 p.m. in the
Rackham Lecture Hall.
Classes open to visiting clergymen
Maddock Gives
Medical Talk
Cancer Symptoms, Cures
Discussed In Lecture
Strongly emphasizing the import-,
ance of early treatment, Dr. Walter
J. Maddock of the School of Medi-
cine discussed the general aspects and
treatments of cancer in a public lec-
ture yesterday at the Rackham Am-
phitheatre.
Dr. Maddock pointed out to his
audience that cancer as a cause of
death now ranks only second to heart
disease in the United States. He laid
this increase to the low rate of infant
mortality, the greater number of can-
cer cases recognized and a rise in ex-
posures to the disease.
"Cancer is not contagious," Dr.
Maddock asserted, "nor is it confined
strictly to older people. It can be
cured, but not through internal
treatments, salves nor the ministra-
tions of quack faith-healers."
Tobacco seems to be both a mech-
anical and chemical cause of cancer,
Dr. Maddock observed. The chronic
irritation of a pipe stem plus the
chemical effects of the tobacco have
been known to form a carcinoma on
the mouth. He named moderate use
of tobacco, cleanliness and careful
attention to teeth and dentures as
safeguards against cancer of the
mouth.
Women, Dr. Maddock warned,
should be especially watchful of any
tumors developing on the breast. Al-
though the tumor may be benign
(non-malignant), there is nothing to
be gained by delaying medical exam-
ination.

tomorrow include: "Psychology and
Personality" under Prof. Henry Ad-
ams at 9 a.m., Room 2003 Natural
Science Building, "Collective Be-
havior" under Prof. Harvey J. Locke
at 9 a.m. in Room 225 Angell Hall.
At 10 a.m. courses will be open on
"The Bible-A Survey Course" by
Prof. Leroy Waterman in Room 2029
Angell Hall, "Philosophy of Educa-
tion" by Prof. Claude Eggertsen in
Room 2436 University Elementary
School and "Propaganda and Public
Opinion" by Prof. James Pollock in
Room 1035 Angell Hall.
Evening classes from 7 to 9 p.m.
will be given by Prof. Roy W. Sellars
on "Social Philosophy" in Room 205
Mason .Hall.
Mathews Hits
Crisis' Menace
To Education
Boston Professor Speaks
At Luncheon Meeting
Of Religion Conclave
Addressing the luncheon meeting
of the seventh Conference on Re-
ligion yesterday in the Union, Prof.
Basil Mathews, professor ofsChris-
tian world relations at Boston Uni-
versity, offered three conclusions re-
garding the "World Crisis in Educa-
tion."
First, he said, "freedom of the mind
is menaced by the omnipotent state
to an unparalleled degree." Second,
responsibility for the continuing of
education lies within the English-
speaking democracies. And thirdly,
there is no ultimate defense against
the oppressors.
Following the luncheon, conference
members met in the East Conference
Room of the Rackham Building for
an inter-faith discussion of "The
Essential Unity of Religion and Edu-
cation in the Theory of the Church."
The Very Rev. Msgr. Allen J. Bab-
cock, chaplain of the University's
Catholic students, offered the propo-
sitions that theology is a branch of
knowledge, that it passes on the con-
clusions of other sciences and that if
not taught as a specific branch of
knowledge, its province would be
usurped by those who are unfamiliar
with the truths of religion.
The Rev. Albert W. Kauffman of
the Congregational Larger Parish in
Hudson read a report of a study of
religious education in Michigan com-
munities. Following this was the pre-
sentation of some basis dilemmas with
regard to religious education in the
schools by Rabbi Leon Fram of De-
troit.

British Prepare Outposts
Against Japanese Moves
Into French Indo-China

Marshall Testimony Changes
ICommittee's View On Draftees

WASHINGTON, July 23.-UP)-!
After hearing General George C.
Marshall, army chief of staff, testify
in closed session, Chairman May
(Dem.-Ky.) of the House military
committee, asserted today a majority
of the committee was ready to vote
to prolong the training period of
draftees, reservists and national;
guardsmen.
From the Senate side of the capi-
tal, meantime, came word the army
was prepared to, revive its highly-
controversial proposal that it be
given authority to send draftees, re-
servists and militiamen outside the
Western Hemisphere.
Emergency Acts To Be Asked
Informed sources said a report
would go to the Senate military com-
mittee tomorrow asking for legisla-
tion which would declare an emer-
gency to exist and give the army nu-
merous powers, some of which are
usually exercised only in time of war.
The present limit of one year of
the training period of draftees, re-
serves and national guardsmen would
be lifted automatically under the
emergency declaration to be re-
quested, it was said. Armed forces
could be sent outside the hemisphere
and American possessions if such a
step were deemed necessary to na-
tional defense.
And, in addition, the army would
ue given authority to make temporary
promotions and work other changes
in its organization which, in time of
peace, it has no power to bring about.
Gen. Marshall told the House mili-
tary committee in an open session
that "forces hostile to us" had con-
Excursionists
Must Register,
Tomorrow Marks Deadline
For Crabbrook Trip
Students who wish to make the
sixth University excursion, a trip to
the schools of the Cranbrook Foun-
dation, Bloomfield Hills, must regis-
ter in Room 1213 Angell Hall before
5 p.m. tomorrow.
The excursion will take place
Saturday, the party leaving from the
front of Angell Hall at 8:30 a.m. and
returning here at 3:30 p.m. Expenses
for the trip will be $1.25, for round
trip bus fare.
The Cranbrook schools, Cranbrook
for boys, Kingswood for girls, Brook-
side for younger students, are all
situated on the estate. Buildings
other than these include the resi-
dence halls, instructors' homes, the
Cranbrook Academy of Arts and the
Institute of Science, and Christ
Church.
All the Cranbrook buildings are
noted for their architectural dis-
tinction and the aptness of their
settings. In addition to the attrac-
tion of the buildings, there are foun-
tains and gardens throughout the
estate which are unrivaled for
beauty.

ducted "campaigns of distortion in
South America for many months."
He later answered questions of com-
mittee members for more than three1
hours in the executive session. 1
Clark Also Testifies
Grenville Clark, chairman of the
national emergency committee of the1
Military Training Camps Association,
also testified Hitler was out to con-r
quer the world and that "General
Marshall's public statements about
German machinations in South
America support that conclusion." 1
May said he hoped to complete{
hearings this week on the legislation
before the committee to extend the,
period of training for soldiers.
He expressed the opinion the com-1
mittee would approve a resolution
declaring "there is a situation im-
periling the interests of the nation"
which would authorize the President
to retain the three groups, but which
would not record Congress as declar-
ing a complete national emergency.1
Maxim Gorky
Film Showing
Set For Today
Second in a series of two Russian
films, "The Childhood of Maxim
Gorky" will be presented by the Art
Cinema League at 8:15 p.m. today in
the Lecture Hall of the Rackham
School.
Tickets may still be obtained at
the ,Union, the League and Wahr's
book store. From 7:30 p.m. until
curtain time tickets will be on sale
at the Rackham School.
In "The Childhood of Maxim Gor-
ky" young Gorky is played by Alyo-
sha Lyarsky, a Moscow schoolboy se-
lected after a long search by director
Mark Donskoi. Lyarsky was chosen
not only because of his resemblance
to pictures of Gorky at that age, but
also because of his possession of the
genius' serious attentiveness and
sensitivity.
s Donskoi filmed the scenes of Gorky
and his chums by explaining the
problem to them and shooting the
sequence immediately and only once,
so as to record the spontaneity of
the moment rather than a false emo-
tion developed by much rehearsal.
In the role of Gorky's sympathetic
grandmother is People's Artist V. O.
Massalitinova, who spent ten years
in the preparation of her part. Long
before production was started on the
film but when cinema people were
considering a Gorky biography she
had the ambition to do the part and
at one time Gorky himself told her
that she could well play it.
M. K. Troyanovsky plays the part
of Gorky's grandfather, a petty ty-
rant who nevertheless possesses rare
flashes of warm human feeling. Oth-
er well-known Russian actors have
the remaining roles.
"The Childhood of Maxic Gorky"
is based on Gorky's autobiography,
"My Childhood." English sub-titles
are included in the film.

Vichy Government Admits
Demands, But Declares
They Are 'Temporary'
Strict U.S. Economic
Measures Forecast
LONDON, July 23.-(P).--Singa-
pore and other British Pacific out-
posts were reported tonight to have
been "forewarned and forearmed"
with new RAF contingents to meet a
Far Eastern climax expected here to
arise within 24 hours from Japanese
demands on French Indo-China.
RAF reinforcements which arrived
in Singapore from Britain last Sat-
urday were said by British sources
to have been ordered distributed to
outlying posts for any eventuality.
Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden
expressed Britain's official concern
as well-authenticated reports from
the Orient said Japan was making
sweeping demands on Indo-China,
presumably for military bases in the
south.
British and United States govern-
ments were said to have reached an
understanding on measures necessi-
tated by the growing Japanese pres-
sure on the French South-Pacific
colony. Well-informed sources said
the two governments had, been in
closest consultation since a Japanese
decision to move southward became
known.
The British were confident any
Japanese adventure in Indo-China
would bring quick retaliation from
the United States, possibly in eco-
nomic forms already invoked against
other Axis powers. Belie was ex-
pressed also that the people of Brit-
ain and the Dominions would wel-
come drastic British counter-action
in the Far East just as in Syria.
Grave concern over the threat to
Singapore and the rubber and tin
riches of the Netherlands East Indies
through any Japanese occupation of
southern Indo-China was evident in
London.
Eden told Parliament the govern-
ment knew of reports the Japanese
planned such occupation and said
Japanese press allegations of British
designs on Thailand and Indo-China
were false.
* * *
Vichy Acknowledgment
VICHY, Unoccupied France, July
23.-()-Japan has demanded the
right to take military measures in
French Indo-China, it was admitted
tonight in an authorized declaration
circulated by the Telemondial News
Agency.
Persistently denying the Japanese
had delivered an ultimatum to the
Vichy regime or to its officials in
Indo-China, the French clung to the
assertion the Japanese had made
their demand because of alleged mil-
itary developments along the British
colonial and Chinese frontiers of
Indo-China, which Japan has' guar-
anteed to defend.
Previously it had been 'stated by
French officialdom that France and
Japan were negotiating for what was
described as Japanese protection of
French Indo-China against a threat
of British occupation.
France, it was explained, is nego-
tiating only for "temporary military
measures," and it was stated the
term "Japanese occupation" of Indo-
China would be an incorrect descrip-
tion of the measure being discussed.
The "temporary military meas-
ures" being discussed were under-
stood to include granting Japan ad-
ditional aviation and other bases in
Indo-China, particularly in the
south, where it has none now.
* * *
Report From Washington
WASHINGTON, July 23.-1P)-
Japanese occupation of strategic air
and naval bases in French Indo-
China appeared imminent tonight,

if not actually under way, bringing
nearer a possible clash with the
United States and Great Britain
over Singapore and the Netherlands
East Indies.
Responsible quarters here accepted
as virtually an accomplished fact
the Vichy government's capitulation
to Japanese demands which were ex-
pected to put Indo-China under al-
most complete domination of Tokyo.
Thus the Japanese, already en-

Kyte Will Speak Today,
On Educational Trends
"Trends in Educational Supervi-
sion" will be the subject of a talk to
be delivered by George C. Kyte, pro-
fessor of education and director of
the University Elementary School at
the University of California, at 4:05
p.m. today in the University High
School Auditorium.

A New Meaning To Heroism:
Total War Is Strong Leveler
Of Society, Prof. Speier Says

Main Reioious
Aims Analyzed
ByWaterman
Following an analysis of the per-
sonal and social quality of religion,
Prof. Leroy Waterman, chairman of
the Department of Oriental Lan-
guages and Literature, gave the -re-
lationship of Christianity to the essen-
tial aims of religion in a lecture on
the subject of "The Nature and Aims
of Religion" at 11 a.m. yesterday in
the Rackham Building before mem-
bers of the seventh Conference on Re-
ligion.
Christianity, he said, has missed
the aims in that although it pro-
fesses to know better, it has failed
in a 2,000 year attempt to save the
world through this better knowledge,
making concessions, instead, by adap-
ting itself to the existing economic
order of each period.
Professor Waterman will speak at
the same time today on "The Perver-.
sions of Religion by False Reasoning."
Substituting for the speaker Tues-
day. Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, coun-
selor in religious education, gave a
criticism of the church for its appar-
ent inability to take up spiritual
values within the findings of a scien-
tific and mechanical period and
make those values understood by the
common individual.
LaPorte Will Talk
To 'Verein' Today
Members of the German Club and
students interested in German will
hear Prof. Otto LaPorte of the phys-
ics department speak on "Uber die
Kueche in Japan (On Japanese Cul-
inary Art) at 8 p.m. today at the
Dfcfhpc, Haiis_ 1443 Washtenaw.~

By HARRY M. KELSEY "
Total war is a great equalizer, level-
. ,
ing down class distinctions, subjugat-
ing both armed and unarmed mem-
bers of the community to the danger;
of violent death and creating a com-1
munity of equals in which heroism
is no longer only a military virtue.
Thus, Prof. Hans Speier of the1
New School for Social Research;
claimed in his talk yesterday for the
Graduate Study Program in Public]
Policy in a World at War, "the heroes1
of this war are not the unknown sol-
diers but the unknown common men
and women whether they wear uni-
forms or not."+
"Indeed," he continued, "the bitter1

hers of any particular social class, but
rather come from interstitial groups.
They are, he said, a group of failures:
"demobilized officers from the last
war who would not readjust them-
selves to peacetime conditions, frus-
trated teachers, intellectuals whose
books had had no success, aristocrats
with dubious titles, clerks consumed
by fear of dismissal and resentment
against their superiovs; farmers in-
capable of managing their farms,
painters- whose teachers told them
that they lacked talent.
"The seizure of power by this
group has destroyed the social and
moral homogeneity of the ruling
classes in which the standards of in-
ternational behavior reside and which

J
C
E

Tourists Turn Back The Clock:
Students See Early Americana
On Greenfield Village Excursion

By EUGENE MANDEBERG
(Special to The Daily)
DEABORN, July 23.--Somewhat
amazed by the completeness of its
restoration, students visiting Green-
field Village today on the fifth Uni-
versity excursion found a wealth of
things to keep their interest during
the several hours they spent here.
The Village, built and maintained
through the efforts of Henry Ford,
is a complete replica of an early
American town. Entering the gates,
we saw the village green, surrounded
by a white-steepled church, colonial
town hall, tavern, general store, post
office, toll gate station, tin-type gal-
lery, blacksmith and cobbler shops.

Pfied by the fact that the very soil
that the laboratories rested on in
Menlo Park is the base for their
present resting place.
Inside is the apparatus used to
make the first practical electric light,
and several of Edison's original mod-
els of his inventions, such as the
phonograph. The tables and chairs
on the second floor are in the exact
same position in which Edison left
them in his last visit to the Village.
Other unusual features were the
model of the Gog and Magog chimes,
the chair in which President Lincoln
was shot, and perpetual fires lighted
by famous persons.
The party was taken through the
indoor museum, containing a large

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