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July 19, 1941 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1941-07-19

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fi igttan
Off icial Publication Of The Summer Session


Priorities Create
A New Problem . .

Fair And Warmer



FDR Declares
U.S. To Keep
Iceland's Sea
Routes Clear
Roosevelt Lends Support
To Draft Amendment
Extending Year Period;
Altmeyer Suggests
Security Act Change
WASHINGTON, July 18. -()-
President Roosevelt today swept away
any lingering doubts that, at what-
ever cost, the Govrnment intends to
keep the sea lanes to Iceland clear.
At the same time he disclosed he
would throw his prestige formally and
fully behind proposals for extending
the service of draftees; national
guardsmen and reserves. A special
message on that subject, he said, will
go to Congress next week.
These developments came at a press
conference which Mr. Roosevelt also
made the occasion for another thrust
at Senator Wheeler (Dem.-Mont.),
a leader of the Senate opposition to
his foreign policies.
No Comment On Movements
Discussing the occupation of Ice-
land by American forces, the Chief
Executive said he did not care to
comment on future troop movements,
because-and for emphasis he auth-
orized direct quotationy
"I don't think it's right that I
should pull a Wheeler."
Wheeler had already been severely
criticized in Administration quarters
for saying, in advance of the Iceland
operation, that he had reliable infor-
mation that United States forces
would shortly take over the island.
Those with access to the best in-
formation feel, Mr. Rooseveltbsaid at
today's press conference, that the
possible occupation of Iceland by an
unfriendly power would be a serious
blow at national and hemispheric de-
Foremost Issue In Capitol
On the question of extending the
service period of the draftees, reserves
and national guardsmen beyond one
year, Mr. Roosevelt said the issue was
simply whether or not the Army
should be subjected to complete dis-
ruption, and that the burden of the
decision was very definitely on Con-
Already the question is a foremost
issue at the Capitol. With the mili-
tary committee of the Senate holding1
hearings on the subject, Norman
Thomas, leader of the Socialist Party,+
testified today that in his opinion theI
views of General George C. Marshall,
the chief of staff, who originally pro-
posed the extension of the service
period, were being "used in a great
game of politics" to obtain approval
of the legislation.
* * *
Altmeyer Favors
Security Act Change
WASHINGTON, July 18.-()-An
eight-point program for liberalizing
the Social Security Act to provide
health insurance and to abandon the
50-50 matching of federal and state
funds was recommended today by
Chairman Arthur J. Altmeyer of the
Social Security Board.
Asserting the National Defense
program had created many new prob-
lems of insecurity, Altmeyer told a
House committee studying worker
migration that it was "more essential
now than ever" to make progress in
social security.
Altmeyer commented in a state-
ment submitted to the committee

that when the defense program arose
some said there was no need for
further advancement of social gains.
Then he remarked that under simi-
lar circumstances Great Britain had
liberalized and extended its social
security program.
Recalling that some persons had
expressed concern health security
might lead to "socialized medicine,"
Altmeyer said:
"'Socialized medicine' is some-
thing to which I am opposed if that
phrase means a system which de-
stroys the personal relationship be-
tween the patient and his doctor.
The present trouble about free choice
of a doctor is that so many people
have neither a choice nor a doctor."

New Japanese Cabinet
To Follow Same Policy
Konoye Says Empire's Program Is Set;
Calls On Nation For Unity In Crisis

(By The Associated Press) C
TOKYO, Saturday, July 19. -
Japan, with a newly-streamlined cab-
inet loosed from political party ties
and made up in half by three admir-
als and four generals, set forth anew
today on its "immutable" but still
secret foreign policy.
"The Empire's policy for coping
with the international situation al-
ready has been fixed and it now re-
mains for us to put it into practice
with decision and speed," said Pre-.
mier Prince Fumimaro Konoye last
night after the first meeting of the
new government, his third.
What action might be in prospect
Konoye did not say. He simply called
on the nation for unity because, "with
the rapid changes that are taking
place" in international affairs, "the
mission of our country is growing
heavier and heavier."
'Policy Adapted To Situation'
Vice Admiral Tetjiro Toyoda, who
became foreign minister yesterday in
a shakeup that ousted Yosuke Mat-
suoka, said Japan's foreign policy
might have to be adapted to the "day-
to-day international situation."
But the broad lines of that policy
-whatever it is-will remain what
they wereteven before Matsuoka,
father of the neutrality pact with
Russia as well as the Axis alliance,
was ousted.
The official declaration that Ja-
pan's foreign policy was unaltered
were taken by some informed persons
to mean the campaign for the "Great-
Auto Workers'
Strihe Ties Up
Local Factory
Precision Parts Company
Closed As Officials Fail
To Agree On Pay Rates
A strike of 150 UAW-AFL workers
tied up production at the local plant
of the Precision Parts Co., manu-
facturers of automobile parts, when
company and union officials failed
to reach an agreement on basic pay
rates after two months of negotia-
Local 702 of the UAW-AFL, which
claims an almost 100 percent mem-
bership in the plant, is asking for a
wage increase from 45 to 65 cents
an hour for men and from 35 to 50
cents an hour for women.
Burton H. Warner, company pres-
ident, quoted 45 cents for women
and 50 to 55 cents an hour for men
as the current pay rates. He offered
to raise the average rate by 3%/2 cents
an hour.
No violence has been reported from
the picket lines in front of the plant.
Company officials have closed the
plant and have not tried to force a
"We are not striking in an attempt
to force Detroit wages o this com-
pany," Kenneth Wells, ur ion repre-
sentative declared, "because we know
it can't pay them; but we do want a
living wage."
Warner stated that the company
"has conceded recognition of the
union" and is negotiating the union's
wage demands. Wells, however, as-
serted that though negotiations are
not now in process, "the union is
prepared at any time to negotiate
with the company."
The strike was caused, the union
official said, because the manage-
ment was not negotiating in a sin-
cere manner and did not attempt to
reach a wage agreement.
Strike Board
Is Appointed

LANSING, July 18.-(/')-A spe-
cial commission has been appointed
by Governor Van Wagoner to act in
the labor dispute between the Great
Lakes Engineering Works at River
Rouge and the Steel Workers Organ-
ivirrr~mmt CIPPrO the tXoiv

er East Asia Co-prosperity Sphere,"
the alliance with Germany and Italy
as well as the neutrality pact with
Russia still were cardinal points of
Only Possible Move
(To preserve all these points, the
only possibly new move by Japan
would seem to be southward, perhaps
in French Indo-China, for there it
would neither be attacking Russia
nor, ostensibly, running counter to
the Axis.)
The foreign office-controlled Ja-
pan Times and Advertiser, as an edi-
torial accompaniment to the induc-
tion of the new government, asserted
"a Roosevelt wall is being built and
strengthened about Japan's eastern
front which threatens the safety of
this empire."
The newspaper said "the time for
Japan to take forceful measures in its
own interests is now, before the
throttling circle becomes too strong
and dangerous." It called strength-
ening of American bases in the Paci-
fic "nothing less than an attempt to
establish an American empire over
the approaches to end exits from
Theatres Plan
Seven bills of plays will be present-
ed this summer by the Secondary
Theatre under the direction of Nancy
Bowman and the Laboratory The-
atre under the direction of Hugh Nor-
Both 'of these theatres are designed
by the speech department to give
students who do not desire to partici-
pate in the weekly performance of the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
speech department experience in the-
atre work.
The Secondary Theatre devotes it-
self to giving productions suitable
for high school presentation and un-
der conditions found in the average
high school. The casts for these plays
are ,picked from high school students
in and around Ann Arbor.
"You Can't Take It With You" by
George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart
will be presented by the Secondary
Group at 8:30 p.m, Monday at the
University High School Auditorium.
Bills of student-directed one-act
plays will be given at 10 a.m. Satur-
day, July 26, and Saturday, Aug. 2
at the Ann Arbor High School Audi-
You May Take Vanilla;
You Won't Take It Long
LANSING, July 18.---(P)-You may
take vanilla, but take it from the
ice cream makers of the state, you
won't take it long.
The Michigan Allied Ice Cream
Manufacturers appealed to the State
Department of Agriculture today for
a hearing of proposals to use sub-
stitute flavoring in "vanilla" ice
They said war blockades have cut
off shipment of vanilla beans from
Madagascar, which holds a virtual
monopoly on the flavoring market.
Lawrence ONeil, deputy commis-
sioner of agriculture, set July 31 !

Union Stages Version
Of 'Light That Failed'
Strong men quaked and beautiful
women screamed in candlelight when
the Michigan Union staged its own
private blackout from 1 to 3 24 p.m.
The occasion was the result of put-
ting in new transformers, which in-
volved shutting off the lights in the
building for nearly three hours.
Candles were employed during the
emergency, casting an eerie light in
the catacomb-like hallways.
Yesterday was picked to install the
transformers because the sun was
out in the morning, but the weather
was fickle, and the afternoon was the
darkest of the summer. Customers
were warned ahead of time that the
lights would fail, and all was in readi-
ness at 1 p.m.
The elevators, on a different cir-
I cuit, were kept in service during the
Calvin Hoover
Will Give Talk
Here Monday
'Nation At War' Is Theme
As Graduate Program
Goes Into Fourth Week
Dean Calvin B. Hoover of the
Graduate School at Duke University
will open the fourth week of lectures
in the Graduate Study Program in
Public Policy in a World at War at
4:15 p.m. Monday in the Lecture
Hall of the Rackham School.
Dean Hoover will speak on "The
Requirements of a War Economy."
The theme of the week is "A Nation
At War."
On Tuesday, Prof. Max Lerner of
Williams College's political science
department will lecture on "The
State In Wartime."
Prof. Hans Speier of the New
School for Social Research in New
York City will deliver the final lec-
ture of the week Wednesday on "The
Effect of War On the Social Order."
Prof. Charles L. Jamison of the
business administration school, Prof.
Arthur S. Aiton of the history de-
partment and Prof. Charles E. Mar-
tin of the University of Washington
will introduce the lecturers on Mon-
day, Tuesday and Wednesday re-
The lectures are open to the pub-
lic and all interested are invited to
Hopkiis Reports
On Shipbuilding
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, July 18.-United States
shipbuilding yards will complete and
make ready for sea at least 6,000,000
tons of merchant ships during 1942.
and will produce 1,000,000 tons this
year, Harry L. Hopkins, Supervisor
of the U.S. Lend-Lease Program, told
interviewers today.
(The recent acknowledged British
shipping losses have been at the rate
of about 6,000,000 tons a year.)
Hopkins, who said he would be
here a week or ten days to survey the
entire problem of American war sup-
ply to Britain, said the 1942 ship-
building figure would be about 2,000,-
000 tons better than that for the
peak year of the World War program.


Germans Claim Forces
A re Beyond Smolensk;

Troops'Dig In'


Germans Report

New Gains

Ladoga 0
Syi ~
o y
mssMINSK '
A Soviet communique said severe fighting was going on in the area
of Pskov in a drive (1) aimed at Leningrad. A German drive in the cen-
tral sector (2) was said by the Germans to have captured Smolensk,
230 miles west of Moscow. The Russians reported a successful counter-
attack (3) across the Dnepr River. The German drive (4) for Kiev con-
tinued, with Moscow reporting heavy fighting in the vicinity of Novo-
Niagara Falls Excursion Finds
Spirits Undampened By Rains

Reich Legions Are Within
23.0 Miles Of Moscow,
High Command Says
Soviet Forces Try
To Stem Nazi Drive
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, July 18.-German panzer
legions have smashed over and be-
yond the strategic city of Smolensk
on the most direct route to Moscow,
the High Command announced in a
special communique tonight, thus
LONDON, July 18.-(P)-A dis-
patch from the British Exchange
Telegraph Agency correspondent
in Istanbul reported tonight vast
military preparations directed by
the German general staff were
under way in Bulgaria, opposite
the Turkish frontier.

(Special to The Daily)
On Board the Greater Detroit in
Lake Erie, July 18.-Spirits undamp-
ened by the weather, students on the
fourth University excursion, a trip to
Niagara Falls and vicinity, boarded.
the Greater Detroit at 5:15 p.m. to-
day after an uneventful bus ride to
Once aboard ship, they spread over
all the decks and passageways, in-
vestigating everything in sight, com-
ing out only long enough to view the
skyline of Detroit as the boat pulled
away from the dock. Cameras flashed
into hands, and ignoring the clouds,
most of the party began making their
photographic record of the trip.
Despite the choppy "sea" our group
proved themselves worthy of weath-
ering anything, only one female mem-
ber of the party turning down her
dessert at the elegant dinner served
us in the dining room.
Perhaps the only persons who did
not derive the fullest pleasure from
the evening of deck strolling, cloud
gazing (there were no stars) and en-
tertainment in the lounges, were Pro-
fessor Irving D. Scott, who will ex-
plain the geological formations to be
observed on the trip, and Professor

and Mrs. L. J. Rouse, who found
themselves besieged by rabid ques-
tioners from 20 different directions,
on 20 different topics.
After cabin assignments were an-
nounced, those unfortunates who
possessed upper berths either swore to
remain up the entire night or ran
wildly about the ship, looking for
more hardy souls to trade bunks with.
Of the 20 students making the trip,
none who had the lowers were so
However with the cool lake breezes
blowing over Erie, a good night's rest
seems assured no matter where we
sleep, provided that we have suffi-
cient blankets to cover both our head
and our feet.
3 3 Arraigned
In SpyHunt
Eight Accused Plead Guilty
In Espionage Case
NEW YORK, July 18.--(4q)---Amer-
ica's biggest spy hunt-a counter
espionage ; that Federal operatives
said linked the German government
with a five-year-old worldwide of-
fense against this country's physical
safety-today brought pleas of guilty
from eight persons and put 23 others
under high bail to await trial.
Of 33 persons arrested 33 pleaded
innocent when arraigned in Brooklyn
Federal Court on a two-count in-
dictment accusing them of acting as
agents for a foreign government
without so registering and of con-
spiracy to transmit vital information
to a foreign government.
Five pleaded guilty to both counts,
as had one other previously. Two
pleaded guilty to the charge accus-
ing them of being unregistered
agents but innocent on the conspir-
acy charge, and two others were
being held elsewhere for later ar-
Judge Clarence G. Galston set trial
for Sept. 3
Government Will Extend
New Economic Offensive
WASHINGTON, July 18.-(P)-
The economic offensive of the
United States against the Axis

bringing them to a point less than
230 miles from the Soviet capital.
The German forces took Smolensk
Wednesday, the High Command said,
and then shattered repeated at-
tempts of the Red Army to retake
the vital rail and communications
The Nazi forces capturing the city
had broken the Stalin Line between
Vitebsk and Mogilev and battled
their way to and beyond the city
over the broad land, gateway which
lies between the wide Dnieper and
Dvina rivers.
The official news agency DNB re-
ported the fall of Smolensk yester-
day, but confirmation awaited to-
night's special communique.
During the day there had come
in press dispatches frequent glimpses
of bitter fighting in the Smolensk
area. One report told of a big
pitched tank battle between Nazi and
Soviet tanks and another recounted
the capture of a Russian Army divi-
sion headquarters by a German in-
fantry battalion southwest of Smo-
In the tank battle, at Krasnoe, 70
miles west of Smolensk, the Germans
reported destruction of 210 out of
300 Red tanks.
Soviet Forces
Dig In For Battle
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Saturday, July 19.
Russian troops dug into improvised
trenches and fought desperately all
day yesterday in an effort to stem
a German attempt to widen the
dangerous Nazi salient threatening
the high road to Moscow, the Soviet
Information Bureau acknowledged
"Both sides suffered great losses,"
the communique said in describing
MOSCOW, July 18.-tP)-United
States Ambassador Laurence A.
Steinhardt and the chief members
of his staff remained in Moscow
today while some embassy person-
nel proceeded to Kazan, capital of
the Tartar republic on the Volga
River, 450 miles eastward.
raging battles in the Pskov-Porkhov,
Smolensk and. Polotsk-Nevel sectors.
The Russians gave few specific de-
tails of the great mechanized war
on a front stretching from the Baltic
to the Black Sea, but in one unspeci-
fied sector they told of the Red
Army's success in destroying a Nazi
mechanized regiment which was
trapped while trying to cross a river.
The Soviet Air Force shot down 31
German airplanes Thursday. the
communique said.
Utilization of trench warfare was
compared to World War technique
by the Soviets.
Tyler's 'Contrast'
Ends Run Tonight
Royall S. Tyler's "The Contrast,"
under the direction of Charles Mere-
dith, director of the Dock Street The-
atre in Charleston, S.C., will conclude
its run at 8:30 p.m. today at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Known as the first play written


Board Regents Approves Budget;
Gifts Of $47,925Are Acknowledged
elsen in mechanical engineering, Wal- Cecil J. McHale in library sciei
etedBoaprdovegtseeting-42here ter C. Sadler in civil engineering. Wesley H. Maurer in ,journalism,1
versity budget, totalling $7,261,183.69, Henry Field, Jr., in internal medi- win W. Miller in mathematics, Ar
exclusive of the Hospital, an increase Icine, Ralph F. Sommer in operative ur Smithies in economics, Carle
ex 67,23.4oferstanranddentistry and radiology, Dudley M. Wells in English, Valentine B. Wi
of $26323.42 over last year, and Phelps in marketing, Mervin H. Wat- in speech, James S. Gault in electr
$2, 2,164fotallinhe Hospital wereac- an in finance and William D. engineering, Dean E. Hobart in
Gipedfttotall nering$4,925nwereiag Reve~li in wind instruments. gineering drawing, John W. Bean
cepted for' the University, including Assistant professors promoted to physiology, Russell N. DeJong
$40,000 from the National Founda- the rank of associate professor in- neurology and Philip M. Northrop
tion for Infantile Paralysis to cover cue alLtebr nEgih rlsrey
part of the budget of the new Public lude: Karl Litzenberg in English, oral surgery.
___________________________Instructors Promnoted
Health School and $7,400 from the Instructors elevated to the p
same organization to be used in in- York's Homer Saves tion of assistant professor are: V
fantile paralysis research; $400 from liam H. Burt in zoology, Frank
the University of Michigan Club of Tigers FromShutOut Copley in Latin, Samuel Eilenb
Detroit for the Varsity Band and $125 Cecil J. Nesbitt and Earl D. Rain
from Dr. Robert Shaw of Dallas, Tex. DETROIT, July 18. --P)- Emil in mathematics, Richard H. Lyon,
for the Anna Bissell Fellowship in Dutch) Leonard found time today internal medicine, Robert J. Pars
Thoracic Surgery, in pathology, Marshall L. Snyder
Rice Appointed Librarian between intermittent showers of rain athology, Marsy . nden
Prof. Warner G. Rice of the Eng- to limit the Detroit Tigers to six hits bacteriology, Harry A. wsey in
Prof Wrnenr G. Rice the - hdiatnics Claude V. Winder in ph
lish departmnent was named by the as the Washington Senators won an ,, -~n~ a To .4jr aful

p in
s in
ir r


izingcmmt - , eexuve
office announced today.
Art Cinema Will Present Noel P. Fox, a member of the
'Baker' Wife'TomState Labor Mediation Board, was
'Baker's W e' Tomorrow named chairman of the commission
Named the best picture of 1940, which also included Rev. Rollin Fair-
the French film, "The Baker's Wife," banks, rector of the Grosse Ile Epis-
will be shown at 8:15 p.m. tomor- copal Church, and Kenneth Burns,
row in the Lecture Hall of the Rack- Detroit bank cashier.
Hm Q^*k^^ M anfiio e4011 3the strirk

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