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July 06, 1941 - Image 3

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-06

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. 4 11 .

JULY 6, 1941

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE'

r ,

N iY r~

What Price
Russia?

THE

WEEK

IN

REVIEW

Another Year
For Draftees?

. .. .:

FOREIGN

Simpson Analyzes Japanese Role
In Present Russo-German Conflict

AT

HOME

I

The Russian Conflict

Men And The Draft

When the world's two greatest pro-
pagandizing powers, Nazi Germany
and Soviet Russia, began knifing each
other's backs two weeks ago, fact-con-
scious newsmen expected the worst-
and got it.
During the first week of the war,
counterclaims and general confusion
on the communique front left map
strategists free to fill in as they
pleased, offered partisans on both
sides much to crow about. But ear-
ly this week clouds of battle began to
clear, and mathematically-conscious
news analysts had little trouble in
gauging the trend of battle.
Typical were the Russian commu-
niques from the southern front,
where Soviet propagandists were ac-
crediting Red defenders with "slow
advances," at the same time moving
the front lines backward in ten and
twenty mile jumps.
By week's end, these things stood
out above all else:
1. In terms of blood and men, the
Russo-derman conflict was probab-
ly the most sanguinely impressive
since the battle of the Mairne. Only
resistance to Nazi armored spear-
heads was the more ponderous, less
efficient Soviet army. By week's end
the massive Russian bear was bleed-
ing badly pierced by many a barbed
rapier. Again the conflict of isms in-
flicted its scourge upon the young,
the valiant, the bewildered.
2. Again, as in all the past incidents
Hitler's M~unich brain trust had
analyzed, planned and timed the of-
fensive to the last detail. Russo-sub-
jugated Finns and Rumanians har-
ried the Russian Flank, undecided but
axo-conscioussToko worried the So-
Viet rear, while Nazi thrusts concen-
trated on central drives toward Mos-
cow and Kiev.
From Napoleon's Russian disaster,
Hitler took a lesson. In the retreat to
Moscow, the Czarist army had raped
the land of all it held or could hold.
Advancing French found nought but
ruined villages, flame-scourged fields.
Nazi timing forestalled a repeti-
tion. Retreating Soviets again re-
duced villages, defiled food stores,
but were powerless to reduce the hor-
izon-covering fields of tender green
wheat; no tinderbox, they were a wel-
come sight indeed to empty Nazi gra-
naries.
3. Though claims of sea and air los-
ses have been often exaggerated by
the Reich command, territorial claims
have, on the whole, been consistently
reliable. This was borne out again
last week by careful analysis of Rus-
sian reports.
4. Aided by the Nazi high-com-
mand, Rumanian troops had pushed

a spearhead across the Pruth River
on the Bessarabian Front, well on the
road to Odessa.
5. Perhaps less enthusiastic over
the fight for conflicting ideals, pro-
Axis Finns to the North held their
own, no more.
6. On the central front, a quick Nazi
pincer thrust culminating;at Minsk
engulfed whole divisions of the Rus-
sian Army, advanced steadily toward
Moscow.t
To be taken with a grain of salt
were German reports that entire Rus-
sian divisions had revolted against
their political commissars, and de-
serted the enemy. (Political commis-
sars had been reported removed from
the army after the Finnish Cam-
paign.)
Number one question mark on the
diplomatic front was Japan. Vladi-
vostok was a handsome prize, but the
Japanese army, spread thin over
China, was in no good position to start
a new campaign.
-Karl Kessler.

By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
Word that Japan is considering an
extension of its territorial watersC
which would cut off the Russian port
of Vladivostok from American war
supplies may be taken as an indica-
tion the Tokyo government is leaning
toward active steps to aid Germany.
It seems a fair deduction, however,
that the essence of Japan's great but
undisclosed policy decision with re-
gard to the Nazi-Soviet war can be
stated in three words, "wait and see."
For the moment, at least, its policy
is to avoid flaunting directly in the
faces of its Axis mates in Berlin and
Rome a flat refusal to implement its
tripartite pact with action against
Russia. It was that which led Tokyo
statesmen to the novel procedure of
reaching a grave decision-and then
putting it into cold storage, undis-
closed.
Presumably Japan intends to do
nothing of major importance for the
present. One reason may be that
Tokyo knows much more about Sovi-

et resources and resourcefulness than
does Berlin. Japan has been dealing
with Moscow for a long time and is
quite well aware that even if Ger-
many wrests control of White Rus-
sia, the Ukraine and the Leningrad
region, Russia still will have suffi-
cient manpower and war industry,
resources east of the Urals to make

In The Near East
While world attention was centered
on the Russian conflict, British and
Free French troops on the Near East
front continued a slow, methodical
advance against defending Vichy
French troops.
By week's end, British legions had
broken the Fascist garrison of Tad-
mur after a thirteen-day siege.
Britons, meanwhile, speculated on
the replacement of methodical Archi-
bald Wavell by India-trained Sir
Claude Auchinlech in the Middle East
command. A possible Axis drive on
India was one explanation given.

it a ponderous factor in the Far East.
Nor can Tokyo doubt that the
Axis-Soviet war will increase Japan-
ese difficulties in China. It surely
has removed the last possibility of
serious friction between Chinese na-
tionalists and the powerful Chinese
Communist elements.
There was a time when Tokyo
agents sought hopefully to promote
that discord. Their dream of inter-
nal disintegration in China is now
shattered completely.
There are reasons to doubt that
Japan will move to restrict the use-
fulness of Vladivostok unless it is
ready to fight Russia's Far Eastern
forces.
A Nazi-Finn attempt already is
under way to squeeze Russia out of
its only all-year sea outlet into the
Atlantic at Murmansk. In addition,
Axis forces are threatening her ap-
proaches to the Mediterranean via
the Black Sea. If Red forces are
driven out of both the Murmansk
area and the Ukraine, whatever re-
mains of Russia in Soviet hands will
have only Far Eastern sea outlets to
the world.

On Tuesday of last week a new crop
of freshly-turned 21 - year - olds
marched into offices of draft regis-
tration boards and signed up for the
privilege of wearing khaki for a year
as part of the nation's fast growing.
army of selective service trainees.
Two days later General George C.
Marshall, chief of staff of the United
States army, surprised no one, but
shocked a recalcitrant Congress, by
requesting the right to send trainees
and National Guardsmen from the
Western Hemisphere, and to extend
the length of service for those already
drafted.
A balky Congress raged at the pro-
posal, led by Johnson, Taft, Danaher
and Montana isolationist, Senator
Burton K. Wheeler, who saw in the
move the first steps of an Adminis-
tration plan to seize Iceland.
General Marshall, in calling for the
right to hold trainees in service and
send them from the Hemisphere, cit-
ed the new peril to the nation, indict-

ed the restrictions of the original
draft law as "hamstringing defense."
Dust Bowl Farmers
Last week once dust-soaked Dust
Bowl farmers looked at their drenched
fields, cursed unhappily that which
they had longed for in other years:
drought-pocked Kansas was soaked.
But in the upland prairie grew a
golden harvest of grain, on Prairie
pasture-lands rich fields of grass for
cattle, to more than make up for the
loss in the Dust Bowl.
All of which meant three things:
that this war year would see a bum-
per wheat crop to help feed Britain,
that Western farmers would jingle
money in their pockets for the first
time in years, and that prognostica-
tors who had recommended giving
the dust bowl back to the Indians had
reckoned without the whims of
changing Mother Nature.
-Bill Baker

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A Brazilian

Views

The U.S.

By E. BRADFORD CHURCH
"United States movies which are
the only movies in Brazil show what
America is not. They show that
divorce is law, that family life is not
happy and that parents are more
often incompatible," said Seignora
Noemy da Silveirt Rudolpher, repre-
entative of the Republic of Brazil
at the IAternational Conference of
the New Education Fellowship, be-
°ing held here July 6-12. Srna. Ru-
dolpher comes from the University
of Sao Paulo where she is professor
of Educational Psychology.
But I found out on a trip here
beforethat the movies do not cor-
rectly portray American lifeand
after visiting in the home of a uni-
versity friend at Christmas time, I
found that American family life was
wonderful," she went on to say in
a recent interview.
Still Loves Brazil
Srna. Rudolpher is a delightful" and
distinguished Brazilian woman who
waxes eloquent on the subject of life
in America but still retains a pas-;
sionate love for her native Brazil.
She became well acquainted with life
in American universities when she
came on a fellowship to Teachers'
College at Columbia University in
She had many eye openers about
American ways of life. Women stu-
dents at the universities in Brazil
are very serious minded and up until
that time Sra. Rudolpher had never
had a boy friend. With her twink-
ling deep brown eyes I don't see
why young Brazilians had not suc-
cumbed. She enjoyed in the United
Sta tes having her first one-a bril-
liant young ornithologist-and she
went out with him without a chap-
ero~n which would not have been
slowed for .her a hp-t Iea1st not.

4

* * *
RUSSIA could lose the Ukraine,
Leningrad and Moscow in the
first rush of Germany's legions and
still retain military punch, in opin-
ion of informed sources in Washing-
ton.
As the Nazis push deeper and deep-

try," Washington observers insist.
Dispatches indicate there is fight-
ing on three major fronts, with the
zone of greatest activity distinguished
by the Nazi push into the Minsk area
and from there along the road to
Moscow. There are sub-major drives
aimed at Leningrad and at the Uk-

gcod order, still capable of effective
resistance.
The next natural line of defense is
along the Volga river from the Cas-
pian sea to the Ural mountains and
along the Urals themselves. So let's
say the Russians fall back there with
an army punished but still capable of
a counter-blow.I

conquered, they would immediately
become Hitler's grocery problem. The
boys behind the Urals would have the
resources of all Asiatic Russia.
More important, there are great
factory centers disposed over the area
behind the Volga-Ural line. They dot
the vast expanse of map, at Ufa,
Perm, Orenburg, Sverdlovsk, at Tash-

tremendously increased in the past
two decades.
The far-flung factory centers are
in little danger from all but the long-
est-range Nazi bombers.
Consider something else: Why did
Hitler order the invasion of Russia?
Boiled down, he wanted oil and food
and new factory sites, close to power

from Russian forces behind the Volga.
Those new factory sites would be as
close to hostile bombers as are the
present German industries to Britain.
That's why the Nazis must destroy
the Russian army, cut it to ineffec-
tive pieces as the French army was
smashed, or the Ukraine and western
Russia will be prizes half-won, the

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