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August 22, 1941 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1941-08-22

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e

Weathers
Scattered Showers.

"1

'Jr i

I,,

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

E *tt

Editorial
Three Posers,
For John Bull.

__
(rn

OL. LI. No. 45

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUGUST 22, 1941

Z-323

PRICE FIVE CEN'S'

I I

Vinners Of Annual
summer Hopwood,
'rizes Announced

Eight Student Manuscripts
In Fiction, Essay, Poetry
Fields Are Rewarded
Awards Totaling
$350 Are Allotted
Eight University of Michigan stu-
dents last night were awarded prizes
totaling $350 in the annual Summer
Hopwoods Contests.
Thirty-four manuscripts were sub-
mitted in the four divisions of the
contest-drama, essay, fiction and

Wandering Democrats
Indicted By Roosevelt

Biggest awards were given td Clara
Laidlaw of Gladstone, Michigan, and
Sister M. Edwardine O'Conner of
Grand Rapids, who took first prizes
of $75 each in the fiction and poetry
divisions.,I
First prize of $50 in the essay di-
vision was won by Henry Gordon
Green, 811 S. Division,; Ann Arbor.
No other awards were made in this
division.
Margaret Roberts, Alma, Darrel
Abel, Brookings, South Dakota, and
Charles Mair Kenyon, Apponaug,
Rhode Island, each won $25 awards
in the fiction contest.
-Ruth Herschberger of Chicago was
awarded the $50 second prize in the
poet-y 'division, and Dorothy Jean
Farnan, South Bend, was awarded
$25.
No awards were made in the drama
division.
Judges for the four contests were:
POETRY: Prof. N. E. Nelson, Prof.
Bennett Weaver and Prof. C. D.
Thorpe.
FICTION: Dr. Louis Haines, Dr.
Andrew Green and Prof. M. L.
Williams.
ESSAY: Prof. E. A. Walter, Prof.
Arno Bader and Miss Vivian Hop-
kins. -
DRAMA: Prof. H. T. Price, Prof:
A. L. Marckwardt and Prof. Paul
Mueschke.
Twenty-two contestants entered
the Hopwoods this year, as' compared
to 20 last year. Five of the 34 manu-
scripts submitted were in the drama
division, seven in essay, 14 in fiction
and eight in poetry.
The awards were presented by
Dean Edward Kraus in the presence
of the Hopwood Committee.
The Hopwood Contests are made
possible through the will of the late
Avery Hopwood, noted playwright
and Michigan alumnus, who wished
to encourage novice writers on the
campus.
The Hopwood Contest during the
regular school session awards more
than $10,000 in prizes, and has fos-
tered many successful authors, in-
luding Maritta Wolff, whose Hop-
wood prize novel, "Whistle Stop,"
was recently published.
Anti-Semitic Drive
Reported In Paris;
6,000 Are Arrested
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Aug.
21.--(P)-French and German police
were reported tonight to have ar-
restedr6000 Jews in Paris in a con-
tnuing new drive that brought to
150,000 the number of persons de-
,prived of their liberty because they
were Jews, foreigners or political sus-
Otects.
The arrests were made yesterday in
a 5-hour, house-to-house search of
the working-class 11th arrondisement
(ward) and were believed to have
been only the starter for steadily in-
creasing roundup of persons opposed
to German occupation troops. More
were reported arrested today.
The roundups yesterday and on
May 15 netted 11,000 Jews. About 500
others have been sent to camps or
were in forced residence on the Rivi-
era. A Marseille police roundup of
foreigners has been estimated as re-
sulting in 5,000 more added to the
list. These are only the arrests in re-
cent months.
Mrs. Henry Beaumont
Dies In 'U' Hospital
Mrs. Helen Porter Beaumont, wife
of Dr. Henry Beaumont, instructor
in the Summer School of Education,
died yesterday afternoon in Univer-
sity Hospital after an illness of four

LOUISVILLE, Aug. 21.-(P).-Pres-
ident Roosevelt said , tonight he
thought Democrats in Congress who
have joined "obstructionists" of na-
tional preparedness were "in the
wrong party."
In a message to the national con-
vention of Young Democratic Clubs,1
the President said:
"I, like the rest of you, hoped that
domestic politics would play no part
in our defense measures. To some ex-
tent our hopes are realized-a multi-
tude of the opposition party is serving
the cause zealously and efficiently-
but on the other hand the votes in
Congress on thevarious steps in our
preparedness, show that partisan pol-
itics is still rampant."
FDR Requests
New Attempt
To Halt Strike
Renewal Of Discussions
In Shipyard Dispute
Follows Conference
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.-()-
At the personal request of President
Roosevelt, management and labor
representatives agreed today to re-
new discussions looking toward set-
tlement of the strike at the great
Kearny, N. J., yards of the Federal
Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.
"Certain suggestions," John Green,
president of the striking CIO Union,
said, were advanced at a White House
conference and would be discussed
in the new talks with the manage-
ment.
Wasting no time, the management
and union representatives agreed be-
fore leaving the White House to meet
a few hours later for their renewed
direct negotiations.
Mr. Roosevelt gave over a good
part of his day to efforts to end the
strike which is holding up work on
$493,000,000 of naval and merchant
ship construction.
He held a forenoon conference
with L. H. Korndorff, president of the
company, and Myron C. Taylor, for-
mer board chairman of United States
Steel Corporation, of which Federal
Shipbuilding is a subsidiary.
Korndorff and Taylor left to go
and see Secretary of the Navy Knox.
Sidney Hillman, associate director of
the Office of Production Manage-
ment, and William H. Davis, chair-
man . of the Defense Mediation
Board.
In mid-afternoon this grop went
to the White House and was joined
there later by Green and Judge Wal-
ter Stacy, a member of \the Defense
Mediation Board panel which han-
dled the Kearny case.
Shortly before six o'clock the con-
ference with the President broke up
and Green announced the agreement
to resume direct negotiations.
'49 Too Many'
EAST LANSING, 'Aug. 21.-(A>)-
State Police Commissioner Oscar G.
Olander today warned Michigan mo-
torists unless they remember Memor-
ial Day's "49 too many" traffic
deaths, a Labor Day highway "mass-
acre" was in prospect.

Berlin Claims
Fresh Blows
At Leningrad
Nazi High Command Calls
Russian Struggle Only
'Prelude' To Future
(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, Friday, Aug. 22.-The in-
vasion of Russia entered its third
month today with German cannon
and bombers relentlessly besieging
the Black Sea port of Odessa,; while
at the opposite end of the long front
a similar ring of encirclement was
gradually being drawn ever nearer to
Leningrad, onetime capital of the
Czars.
With Finnish-German units press-
ing down from the northeast and
Germans from the west and south,
German accounts portrayed Russia's
second city as threatened by a pin-
cers movement which would cut it
off- from the hinterland.
Successes were reported for the
German army on every front, but
were linked with a reminder that the
Reich still considers Britain the chief
foe, with the Russian campaign only
a prelude to the ultimate struggle of
the future.
The day's top claims were capture
of Novgorod, Narva and Kingisepp,
closely menacing great Leningrad in
the northern zone, and Kherson, con-
trolling the mouth of the Dnieper
River on the Black Sea in the south.
Odessa was declared to be cur-
- tained in smoke from incessantly-
falling bombs and artijlery shells said
to have made it a spot more terrible
than Dunkerque or Calais on the
Western Front last year.
The German tally of Russians cap-
tured around Gomel in the central
sector was raised to 84,000 as the
cleanup was pressed after the great
battle of Mbnday and Tuesday
Latin American
Group To Take
Tour Of East
Summer Session Students

DSR -Strike
Settlement
Still Sought
No Indication Of Progress
As Meetings Continue;
Traffic Slows Down
Federal And State

Soviet
With
'Ha

Reds Admit
Gomel Lost
To Germans

Agents

F. D. R. Says Peace
Would Clear Way
For Nazi Invasion

Called InI

Will
Will

Leave Tomorrow;
Stop Day In Detroit

Report Says W
Nazi Germany
s Only Begun'

ar,

Ecuadorians, Chileans and Vene-
zuelans of the Latin-American Sum-
mer Session of the International Cen-
ter will leave Ann Arbor early to-
morrow for a tour through the East
before embarking from New York
for their homelands.
Spending tomorrow in Detroit,
they will take the boat to Cleveland
where they will see the baseball game
Sunday. That night they will board
the train for Pittsburgh where they
will spend Monday visiting the Heinz
plant aid the Carnegi-Illinois Steel
Co.
Tuesday they will take the day
train to Washington and Wednesday
will be spent visiting the White
House, Mt. Vernon and Arlington.
That afternoon the Latin-Americans
will attend a reception for their
group in the Senate with Vice-Presi-
dent Wallace doing the honors, and
in the evening they will inspect the
Congressional -Library.
A trip to Annapolis has been
scheduled for Thursday, and Friday
the group will'be back in Washington
for a day of miscellaneous sight
seeing.
The Latin-Americans will leave for
New York Saturday of next week,
where they will stay at the Inter-
national House until sailing time.
The Venezuelans will sail the fifth
of September and the Ecuadorians
and Chileans will leave this country
oil the 12th.

DETROIT, Aug. 21.--(1P)-Mayori
Edward J. Jeffries, state and federal
conciliators sought a peace formula1
for Detroit's street car arid bus strike
tonight while half a million workers
continued to depend on private means
of transportation. !
There was no indication of prog-
ress towards a solution as Jeffries
resumed his meetings with leaders
of the striking Amalgamated Asso-
ciation of Street Electric Railway and
Motor Coach Operators (AFL).
Earlier today Thomas Donahue,
chairman of the State Labor Media-
tion Board, declared, "there are signs
of a break."
Mayor Sees No Solution
He did not elaborate, and the may-
or this afternoon said, "I do not
share Mr. Donahue's feeling that
there is a crack of light in this
situation."
Generous motorists hauled their
neighbors to work this morning and
home again tonight, and interrup-
tions in the city's business and in-
dustrial life were reduced greatly
from Wednesday when the start of
the stri)e at 4 a.m. caught Detroit's
workers unawares.
The increased number of motor-
cars on bhe streets caused traffic
snarls, and police reported that
Wednesday's accidents totaled 199
compared with 126 on Tuesday, but
the mishaps were not serious as
traffic on mail arteries moved at
slow speed.
AFL Refuses To Retreat
As settlement negotiations re-
sumed late today there was no indi-
cation AFL leaders had retreated
from their demands that the city
bargain exclusively with their union,
and accord the AFL sole rights to
bulletin boards in barnsand garages
of the municipally-owned system.
The AFL union and the state,
county and municipal workers (CIO)
union each claim to represent a ma-
jority of employes of the Depart-
ment of Street Railways. Mayor Jef-
fries has maintained a position that
the city can't grant exclusive bar-
gaining rights to either union.
Cut In Auto
Quota For '42
Will Be 50o
Truck Production Increase
Is Authorized; Designs
Will Be Altered
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.-i)-~-
Production of 1942 model passenger
automobiles probably will be slashed
50 per cent, defense officials said to-
day after announcing definitely that
output in the first four mAha of the
model year would be cut 262 per
cent.
A total of 4,397,000 passenger cars
were made in the 191 model year
which e:aded the first of Lhis month.
A 50 per cent reduction would bring
this down to 2,148,500, the smallest
in any yca;r since 1934.
The curu ment, anninced jointly
by the Office of Producior .Manage-
ment and the Office of Price Control
ard Civilian Supply, will start at
26 1/2per cent for August, September,
Octobcr and November.
However, since much of August has
alrEady elapsed, the cut during the
rcirmainder of the four-month period
will be somewhat greater than 2612
per cent. During the following three
quarters of the year still sharper re-
ductions will be made progressively.
Defense officials ordered the reduc-
tion to conserve scarce materials for
the armament program. They said
the industry already has altered de-
signs and eliminated materials such
as aluminum and zinc from trim-
mings and other 'nonfunctional parts
of cars.
While passenger car production is
being restricted, the output of trucks

mu: t be increased, officias said, and
they expected that to help minimize
unemployment in the industry.
It was estimated 1,189,000 trucks
will be needed in the model year
iY Anih nca% - ia, . 1 an -n - tc

(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Friday, Aug. 22.-Rus-
sian withdrawal from Gomel on the
central front after a great battle was
acknowledged by the Red Army to-
day.
Despite this loss, admitted reverses
in the Ukraine and the concession the
northwestern metropolis of Lenin-
grad was under "direct threat of at-
tack," a Soviet spokesman declared
2,000,000 Germans have been killed
or wounded in the two months of a
war that has "only begun."
Heavy fighting is continuing in the
Gomel sector, said the communique
which announced the withdrawal,
and the Red defense also was de-
scribed as especially stubborn in the
Novgorod and Kingisepp zones, the
southern and western approaches to
Leningrad.
The Germans Wednesday claimed
a great victory at Gomel, with de-
struction or capture of parts of 25
Russian divisions, including 84,000
men taken prisoner, and hundreds of
guns and tanks seized. Gomel is 140
miles north of Kiev and 170 miles
south of Smolensk, but 360 miles
southwest of Moscow.)
All up and down the front the
struggle continues unabated, the
early morning Russian communique
said, and the Soviet leadership sum-
moned vall its people to the fullest
measure of resistance-in a pledge that
the invade's would be destroyed
eventually, in months or in years.
Citizens of Leningrad were called
upon to stand with arms behind a
garrison of a million Soviet regulars
to hold that old city of the Czars.
False Figures
Are Circulated
On Gas Ration
Coordinator Of Petroleum
Says Attempt Was Made
To 'Confuse' The Public
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.-()-
With some members of Congress de-
manding an investigation of the facts
behind gasoline rationing in the East,
the Office of Defense Petroleum Co-
ordination declared today false fig-
ures were being circulated, apparently
in a deliberate effort to "confuse the
public" into believing diversion of
American tankers to British service
was unnecessary.
The charge was made by Ralph K.
Davis, acting Petroleum Coordinator,
who asked the public to be wary of
figures "circulated with a definite
purposeby uninformed and unoffi-
cial sources."
At the Capitol Senator Maloney
(Dem.-Conn.) urged aninvestigation
to determine whether, a shortage of
gasoline actuallly exists, and Sena-
tor Clark (Dem.-MO.) said he wanted
to learn whether it was necessary to
cut down American consumption in
order to supply Britain with fuel.
Davies, on the question of justifi-
cation for transfer of American tank-
ers to the British, said:
"The inadequacy of British and
allied controlled tankers to fulfill
their war time task, as indicated by
conclusive evidence in our hands, is
such as to warrant fully the transfer
of American tankers to aid in the
transportation of oil. No one should
be deluded about this fact."

No Sneezing Matter:
Pollen Count Rises
LANSING, Aug. 21.-UP)-The state
health department had unhappy
news for the sneezing hay fever vic-
tim today. The count of ragweed
pollens was reported increased at
strategically located centers.
Counts for the week: 'F
Upper Peninsula-Lake Superiort
coast 30.
Lansing area-daily average of 132,a
with a count of 1,165 (CQ) Wednes-e
day.
Although the pollen count is in-
creasing here, it is increasing at ac
lower rate than the Lansing reportl
shows. A count of 65 granules was re-I
ported by the University Hospital for.a
the 24-hour period ending at .9 a.m.T
yesterday.t
e e
Gen. Kreuger
Criticizes Way
Army Is1 Run
Recent Maneuvers Reveali
Disregard Of Dangers
From Air, He Claims
CAMP POLK, La., Aug. 21.-()-
Lieut.-Gen. Walter Krueger, com-
manding general of the Third Army,1
in a blistering criticism of handling1
troops thus far in maneuvers here,
today said there had been a stupid
disregard of the danger of air attacks.t
He said troop convoys had so badly1
clogged roads, laying his 250,000 men
open to annihiliating enemy air at-c
tacks in simulated battle, that his.
wholp army might have been de-
stroed had this been actual war with
real ammunition.)
Generalsrueger, addressing a cri-
tique of corps, divisional regimental
and company officers here after the
first three-day phase of the games,
said he had been so disappointed with
the lack of proper camouflage protec-
tion from airplanes and with traffic
jams that he personally had flown
about with a megaphone , warning
troop units of their danger.
"Why it's perfectly asburd for any
army commander to have to go up in
a plane to warn his men about these
things," said Krueger. "They should
have sense enough in modern war to
scatter and make the most of protec-
tive covering.
"It is not duly very bad, but it is
stupid for an army to clog up the
roads with traffic jams; enemy air-
craft would blow us apart," he con-
tinued.
Hiscriticism recalled similar com-
ment at the conclusion of army games
here last year when control officers
vigorously assailed officers for not de-
trucking and scattering their men
when advancing columns were held
up in traffic.
Uniform Hours Sought.
CHICAGO, Aug. 21.-(P)--A reso-
luion asking Oil Co-ordinator Ickes
to establish nationwide uniform
hours for retailers of petroleum pro-
ducts-filling station operators-was
adopted by directors of the National
Association of Petroleum Retailers
today.

Churchill Meeting Report
Is Given To Congress
By Chief Executive
Sen. Barkley Lauds
Eight-Point Plan
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21. -(A)-
President Roosevelt gave Congress a
terse report on his meeting with
Winston Churchill today and ,sserted
a peace on Nazi terms would mean
only a breathing spell of preparation
for a Nazi conquest of the American
hemisphere.
His report was contained in a spe-
cial message to Congress which re-
peated the eight-point declaration of
principles signed at the sea meeting
and said these were difficult to op-
pose without admitting a willingness
to compromise with Naziism.
In addition, the Chief Executive
emphasized that "the worldwide need
for freedom of religion and freedom
of information" was included in the
joint I Anglo-American objectives.
(Some criticism had been voiced be-
cause freedom of religion was not
expressly mentioned in the Roose-
velt-Churchill declaration.)
Freedoms indispenible
"No society of the world organ-
ied under the announced principles
could survive without these free-
doms which are a part of the whole
freedom for which we starve," Mr.
Roosevelt said. .
Reaction to the message generally.
followed the already, well defined
lines of support or opposition' to Mr.
Roosevelt's;foreign policy.
Senator Barkley (Dem.-Ky.), the
Administration floor leader, praised
the message (for its clarity and said
the aims set forth would "find a
universal response in the hearts of
all lovers of human freedom."
"It's a pretty Sold man= who will
guarantee the freedom of religion
as practiced by Joseph Stalin,"
bluntly remarked Senator Johnson
(Rep.-Calif.), noting the message re-
iterated the President's policy of as-
sisting Russia.
' Favors Eight Points
"I am heartily in favor of the eight
points and I am glad the President
has advised Congress officially of his
meeting with Prime Minister Church-
ill," said Senator Thomas (Dem.-
Utah),an Administration' supporter.
"The restoration of freedom of re-
ligion will be quite a shock to the
President's ally, Joe Stalin," com-
mented Senator Clark (Dem.-Mo.).
The message began with a simple
statement that the Roosevelt-
Churchill meeting had occurred. Be-
cause the safety of ships and per-
sonnel involved had to be guarded,
he ,said,, no advance notice of the
conference cduld be given. He then
quoted. the eight-point declaration.
RAF Bombers Hit
Railroad Lines
In Fallen France
LONDON, Aug. 21-(P)--Escorted
by "many hundreds" of RAF fighters,
three waves of bombers today smash-
ed at railway lines around St. Omer
and Bethune, France, and wrought
havoc in a 50-foot level attack on the
German-operated steel mill at Ijmui-
den, the Netherlands, the Air Minis-
try reported tonight.
- In independent sweeps the fighters
blew up a German torpedo boat with
a shot in its magazine and fought
numerous engagements with German
pursuit planes, it was announced.
Fourteen fighters were admitted
lost in the dawn-to-dusk operations,
with only one.German plane defin-
itely claimed as destroyed.
It was explaned low clouds pre-
vented confirmation of crashes of
several other Germans seen to be
falling.
The coastal command meanwhile

attacked shipping off the French
coast.
Gasoline Sales Are Cut
50% In Washington
WASHINGTON, Aug. 21.-()-
Gasoline sales to "non-essential"
consumers were cut 50 percent at
many service stations in Washington
today.
The sharp curtailment, regarded

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A Summer's Project:
Senior Architectural Students
Plan Quarters At Camp Custer

Viewing The News:
Russian Outlook Grows Black
As Nazis Move On Leningrad

By EUGENE MANDEBERG
If you're curious enough to walk
up to the third floor of the College
of Architecture and Design, you will
be able to see the summer project
of senior students in design, plans
for building a permanent headquar-
ters at Camp Custer, Battle Creek.
Following a trip to the camp and
a discussion of what was needed,
the students decided upon a 200-acre
plot, west of the present training
center. Supplied with maps and in-
formation by Capt. Plaenert, sta-
fnna io .a rn-, m t a lRl- tn_'-

tually be built up, Capt. Plaenert is
interested in the students' ideas, and
may visit Ann Arbor, unofficially, to
see their work.
In addition to the design display,
student work of the Summer Session
is now being exhibited in the first
floor corridor of the building. Work
in industrial and architectural de-
sign, water colors, experimental de-
sign, pottery and design theory are
included.
Emphasis this summer will be laid
on the study of scale relationship,

By EDWARD E. BOMAR
(Associated Press Staff Writer)
The threatened seizure of Lenin-
grad and further Nazi triumphs in
in a gloomy light, although the out-
look is not desperate.
The uncertainty that continues to
cloud the'ultimate .outcome of the at-
tempt to crush Russia before snow'
flies remains the most significant
feature of history's greatest military
campaign.
The reeling German giant is still
grimly fighting. A few more days of
the bloody struggle probably will dis-
close whether he can absorb such pun-
ishmpnt a sthe los sf the old Carist

nevertheless that the first two
months of the battle of Titans has
brought the German legions within
sight of decisive victory, if not actu-
ally within reach of it.
Much of the richest areas of the
Ukrasine and White Russia has been
overrun, eyen though, as Moscow as-
serts, they contain now only scorched
fields, wrecked cities and ruined fac-
tories.%
These are clear facts, without re-
gard to the latest Nazi claim that five
million Russian troops have been
killed. wounded or cntured thus far.

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