THE MICIIGAN DAILY
r A-V i ML Ir 4w*.. f lw yr s 9 I I
HIE MICHIGAN DAILY
By DREW PEARSON
and ROBERT S. ALLEN:
r,, - -
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Puiblications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
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Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
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Harry M. Kelsey
. Eugene Mandeberg
* . Albert P. Blaustein
WASHINGTON-Last spring, when Hitler
was on the verge of invading Yugoslavia, the
Yugoslav Minister in Washington, Constantin
Potitch, telephoned to the Soviet Ambassador,
Constantine Oumansky, to remind him of the
pact of mutual assistance between Russia and
"I hope," said the Yugoslav Minister, "that
our treaty will now work and that Russia will
help Yugoslavia} in her hour of need."
"Oh, my dear" colleague," replied Ambassador
Oumansky, "you must realize that Russia con-
siders the capitalistic governments of the United
States and Great Britain much greater enemies
EVERAL WEEKS, LATER, on June 22, to be
exact, the Yugoslav Minister telephoned the
Soviet Ambassador again. By this time Hitler
had turned the tables on his former ally by in-
,"Do you still think," asked the Yugoslav Min-
ister, "that Great Britain and the United States
are greater enemies than Germany?"
"My dear colleague," implores Ambassador
Oumansky, "please say no more about it."
The National Defense Board .
After Roosevelt gets out of the glamour of in-
ternational affairs and settles down to mundane
domesticity, one of the first problems waiting on
his desk is an effort to end wrangling between
the OPM and OPACS.
This wrangle is over, the question of priorities
for national defense. When Congress passed the
Priorities Act last spring, it divided authority
between the Office of Production Management,
which is Knudsen-Hillman, and the Office of
Price and Civilian Supply, which is Leon Hen-
derson. Since then they have been at odds over
which agency was to do what; which was to cut
the production of automobiles, which was to
allocate steel, copper, etc.
FINALLY, just before Roosevelt left to see
Churchill, the President asked several White
House advisers to formulate a "working agree-
ment" to end the controversy.
Their report now awaits his decision. It con-
sists of a device dear to the Roosevelt heart-a
new commission. Herbert Hoover created many
commissions in his day, but Roosevelt long ago
The confidential plan is a seven-man board
consisting of \Secretaries Knox, Stimson, and
Morgenthau, plus OPM's Knudsen and Hillman,
plus OPACS's Henderson. Chairman will be
Henry Wallace, which makes the second big job
given him-quite a change from the days when
a Vice President's sole duty was going out to
Wallace was selected as "impartial chairman"
because he is a great rooter for Pan-American
friendship, and Nelson Rockefeller has been
complaining that the $1-a-Year Men completely
ignore the demands of our Good Neighbors for
steel, copper, and other raw materials.
For instance, the son-in-law of the President
of Brazil was in the United States recently,
pleading for 30 tons of ferro-manganese to finish
a building for President Vargas. But although
Brazil sends us hundreds of thousands of tons of
manganese ore, the OPM would not send back
to Brazil a mere 30 tons of the processed metal.
O WALLACE will protect Pan-Americanism.
Duties of. the seven-man board will be
to make policy on all priorities. It will decide
what is to be done and who is to do it. But how
well it will solve the administrative dispute re-
mains to be seen.
Note--The recent magazine publicity on Judge
Sam Rosenman, former Roosevelt Brain Truster,
reorganizing the national defense set-up, was
the result of confusion with this priorities ques-
tion. Roosevelt has not yet got around to the
defense reorganization. Details of the delay will
follow in this column shortly.
Capital Chaff .
Under Secretary of War Patterson is impa-
tient with the failure of Army brasshats to dis-
perse defense orders through subcontracting, is
quietly readying plans to compel it. One move
will be a compulsory requirement in all big con-
tracts for a fixed proportion of sub-contracting.
Patterson will also appoint Maury Maverick,
scrappy ex-mayor of San Antonio, as an assis-
tant to see that the brasshats give smalf business
men a break.
British Speed Production . .
W. Averell Harriman, hard-hitting railroad
executive who winged his way to Washington
after the floating Anglo-British conference gave
OPM officials a glowing account of British war
Harriman has been handling the London end
of the lend lease program, and is familiar with
every airplane engine and barrel of potatoes
needed by Britain. He reported that British
production, despite bombing raids, had con-
tinued to increase and that it might even sur-
pass the stupendous goal set by the United
dinner or striking blows for liberty round a
Business Manager... . . ..
Local Advertising Manager .
Women's Advertising Manager . I
Daniel H. Huyett
Fred M. Ginsberg
NIGHT EDITOR: BARBARA JENSWOLD
The editorials published in The Mihi-
gan Daily are written by members of The
Daily staff and represent the views of the
For The Future **
W E ARE THE YOUTH of America,
and as such our opinions don't
count for much. We are forever "too young to
know" and "too young to understand." We are
forever "talking out of turn" and "talking over
Nevertheless, to us our opinions do mean
something. We know among ourselves that we
are not just radicals or conservatives or Repub-
lic"ns or Democrats or whatever other label
might have been stuck on us by the "adult" with
whom we happened to disagree. We respect
each other's opinions, as we respect those of the
"adults", and we sometimes even encourage each
other to the extent that we come to feel that
our opinions in turn should be considered seri-
ously by the older generation.
E'RE YOUNG, yes, and we don't know much
about the affairs of the world and their
causes and their results. But we have spent four
years in this University studying everything
from Byzantine architecture to the binomial
theorum. Along the way we've picked up cjlite
a bit of history and philosophy and political
science so weknow what has happened to other
civilizations in the distant past and to our own
in the more recent past.
Yes, we're young, and we haven't experienced
much of life; less than a third of our allotted
three score and ten. But we have a great desire
to live out those years, and in a country we can
call ours without shame and under conditions'
that make life worth living.
That is why we wish at this time to express
our feelings, tell our opinions and what we want.
That is why we have outlined here eight hopes
for the immediate future. They are:
We hope that the United Sttes will be able
to stay out of the war in Europe, insofar as
shooting and sending troops to a European front
We are still far from convinced that the war
in Europe is our war. We see its source in Eur-
opean imperialism of the pre-World War era
and in the peace made at Versailles by these
European empires agaihst the better judgment
of our representative, Woodrow Wilson. Europet
has made this war for herself and we see no
reason why we should shoulder guns and mix
into the scrap. Certainly, we have our sym-
pathies on Britain's side. Thus the stand of the
Russians on the land front and the English in
the air and on the sea is encouraging to us.
Which brings us to our second point:
2 We hope that Hitler and the warped, myopic
national outlook and philosophy that is Nazi
Germany will be defeated.
Even though we do not see this war as par-
ticularly our battle, we realize that we and the
world at large stand to lose much if Hitler
should be allowed to continue his regime. We
cannot adjust our way of living to a Nazi world,
for in a Nazi world our way of living as it is now -
would not be tolerated. Therefore it is in line
with our sympathies and to our advantage to
extend any nation aligned against Hitler the
greatest aid possible short of actual warfare.
3 We hope that our so-called "defense effort",
which could more aptly be termed an "aid-
to-offense effort" will be streamlined.
If we are to proceed on a course of all-out
aid to factions fighting Hitler, as through the
(Editor's Note: Fred Ginsberg of the
ad staff has been trying to learn Eng-
hsh all summer. He claims now to have
mastered at least 25 words, and in his
own illiterate way asked me if he
might do a guest column. Believing in
the old axior of kindness to dumb
animals, I agreed to let him do it. . ..)
F YOU had troubled to read the
editor's note at the top of this
column you would have learned that
your writer for the day is a member
of the business staff of this paper.
It's strange that an ad man should
be writing a column, but there is a
long story connected with it.
You see Terence is, like most hu-
man beings, rather lazy. At the be-
ginning of the summer session he
wandered about the building with a
pencil and paper accosting anyone
and everyone. "Listen," he said,
"I've got to write a column this sum-
mer and you're going to help me do
it. Just sign here and put down the
date you will pinch-hit for me."
So that is the story behind all
these guest columns you've been
reading in The Daily. Well, I have
always had some excuse when Ter-
ence would come around and tell me
it was my turn. But this time there
was no wiggling out of it. I was sit-
ting at,my desk counting the squares
on the ceiling and worrying about
what to do to appear busy in case a
member of the Board should walk in
when up popped Terence with a
forceful suggestion that I do a guest
column, so here it is.
PROBABLY the best subject a
guest colmnist can write about
is his host. Well, to be truthful Ter-
ence isn't much to write about. About
the only distinguishing characteristic
he has is his bright red head of hair.
His nose is sort of crimson too. In
fact it rather blends in with his hair.
Contrary to what you may think and
what I used o thinkTerence never
touches the tuff, though.
Then Terence has a love lift. As
we all know her name is Moitle.
Moitle is .probably the reason why
I'm trying to write a column this
morning. You see if Terence has any
spare time he spends it with Moitle.
Now Moitle is a very useful person to
be on good terms with. She is a town
girl. She has a car. And they serve
darn good food at her house. Then
too, Moitle is kind of fascinated by
the newspaper business. This works
out very nicely for Terence because
whenever he has a date with Moitle
they go up to The Daily and sit
around and watch the N. E. (Night
Editor) put the paper out.
AND WHEN TERENCE is N. E. you
can bet he has a date with Moi-
tle for the evening. The editorial
staff is a bit short-handedthis sum-
mer. That means it is up to the
N. E.'s advantage to have anyone and
everyone around to write headlines
for him. Terence has tought Moitle
how to write heads. That explains
Terence is the favorite of the busi-
ness staff. He knows our business
much better than we do... he thinks.
So around two o'clock in the after-
noon after all the ads for the follow-
ing day's paper are in the office and
we are ready to dummy them into
the pages Terence drops in and pulls
up a chair. Then he deftly proceeds
to get on our nerves by supervising
B UT ALL IN ALL he is a pretty
good guy, and he has done a
mighty tough job writing one of
these columns every day. If you don't
believe me try it sometime.
Responding at a dinner given in
his honor, Prof. Norman Wentworth
DeWitt, chairman of the Classics De-
partment of Victoria College, Univer-
sity of Toronto, said:
"Everything is the evolution of the
unintended. And the corollary to it
is this: Goverment is the adminis-
tration of the unforeseen."
A more appropriate explanation f
present world confusion would be
difficult to express.
- The Detroit Free Press
authority. Our effort so far, as Senator Byrd
recently pointed out, has been ~nothing better
than disappointing. With our country's poten-
tialities there is no reason that it should be so.
4 We hope that the Service Extension Act, re-
cently passed through Congress by so slim a
margin, may be repealed at the earliest possible
We fail to see why, under present circum-
stances, we should have to spend more than one
year of our lives in military service. Nor do we
take much stock in recent announcements by
the Army that the average service time will be
eighteen months. It doesn't make sense to us
that the Chief of Staff should so vigorously de-
mand an unlimite4 service period, be given only
an eighteen months extension over the pre-
viously allowed year with the promise that if
that should not suffice more time might be
added, and then turn around and promise that'
most men will only be kept for six extra months
It looks to us more like temporary salve to soothe
the spleen of the men now under arms who are
threatening desertion at the end of their year.
"OHIO", over the hill in October, has become
a by-word among drafted service men, whose
officers admit there is nothing more to teach
them. We set this move to keep a large standing
army, continually increasing, as an-indication of,
the direction of the Chief of Staff's thought: an
expeditionary force at the earliest possible time.
We're against it.
j We hope that the eight-point program re-
cently set forth by President Roosevelt and
Prime Minister Winston Churchill will be ad-
hered to in whatever ipeace settlement is made
following the present conflict.
A major catastrophe for the World War peace
settlement was the repudiation at Versailles of
many of Wilson's fourteen points, if not on paper
then, at least in practice soon afterward. Al-
though Roosevelt's and Churchill's eight points
are much more general in nature than Wilson's
fourteen, we believe that they could be made a
firm foundation for a lasting peace. Our fear is
that they should meet the same fate as the
World War peace program. We are encouraged
by the fact that the eight points were composed
by the representatives of two great nations,
rather than put forward independently by the
leader of one, as Wilson's were. Still we realize
that it is all too easy for a nation or for nations
to become intoxicated with victory and forget
all plans for a judicious peace settlement in a
race for short-range personal advantage and
superiority. We are encouraged again that the
present outlook points to the possibility that the
draughts of victory will be so bitter as to make
deep drinking of them distasteful.
We hope that, when peace has been estab-
lished once more, a new League of Nations
will be initiated to which all countries will
hnn-w. a Leag.. ue wich-m l a-.vp th nnwr
League undertakings, but mostly because of lack
of power within itself. It was too easy for a
nation, unable to get the League's sanction for
a move, or moving and being censured for the
move by the League, to pack up and walk out
or sit still and ignore all protests. We believe
that some form of world organization is nec-
essary for the continuance of peace, and that
that organization must of necessity have teeth
with which to bite offenders.
7 We hope that this nation, while carrying on
with its present effort, will also begin im-
mediately to plan for post-war conditions.
Another lesson we have learned from the
World War is that leaving the course of events
after the war is over to a looked-for reaction
and expecting that reaction to cover all the
difficulties of national post-war reconstruction
is a mistake. In order to avoid a recurrence of
the depression of the early'twenties and the dis-
order throughout the country of that period,
planning must begin now. Industry is being put
on a war-time basis. When the demand for war
goods has passed industry will have to slip back
into the groove of peace-time production. In
order for it to slip back easily into that groove
the channel must be well oiled by much advance
planning, for last minute action will only create
confusion. Agriculture, too, is now assuming a
heavier burden than normally, and the farmers
must not be left with an overproduction problem
and a second dust bowl on their hands at the
end of this war. We see the need of planning,
and the need for that planning to begin now.
8 We hope that, no matter whether we ac-
tively enter the war or manage to stay out,
the freedoms of speech, press and religion and
the rights of life, liberty and the pursuit of hap-
piness will not, at any time nor for any reason,
be taken from us.
We realize that it is already a bit too late to
hope for this. Already some restrictions have
been placed on these freedoms and rights that
have so long been guaranteed us under a demo-
cratic government. But we would like to see
these restrictions relaxed and no others imposed.
We know how a nation, in time of war or na-
tional emergency, can be carried off its feet by
a brand of super-patriotism that is much more
harmful than beneficial to the country at large.
Such a feeling was responsible for the unrea-
sonable grief wrought by the Espionage and Sedi-
tion Acts during the World War. We feel that if
democracy is the form of government for us,
democracy is strong enough to defend itself in
a democratic manner.
THESE are our hopes. These are the things we,
as individuals and as a group, are working for
now and will continue to work for in the coming
months and years.
Perhaps they are not as well stated as they are
felt. Perhaps we cannot, by listing points such
as these with brief exnlanations nut oun nnints
The last carillon recital of the
summer session will be presented by
Percival Price, University Carillon-
neur, from 7:15 to 8 p.m. this eve-
ning in the Burton Memorial Tower.
The program will consist entirely of
compositions by Professor Price in-
cluding a sonata for 43 bells, a Ca-
nadian suite, and a ballet which was
composed for a special performance
in Ottawa, Canada.
Hopwood Contestants: All students
who have won prizes will be notified
by special delivery letter not later
than Thursday noon.
Contestants may call for their
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6:00 Stevenson News Sports Review Rollin' Home Easy Aces
6:15 Racing-Baseball World News Rollin' Bome Mr. Keen
6:30 Maudie's News By Smits Club Romanza Intermezzo
6:45 Diary Sports Parade Inside of Sports Harry Heilmann
7:00 Death valley "Housewarming" Happy Joe Boys Town
7:15 Death valley "Housewarming" val Clare Boys Town
7:30 To be announced Aldrich B. A. Bandwagon Charlie Ruggles
Family B. A. Bandwagon Charlie Ruggles
8:00 Major Bowes Music Hali Canada Answers Grant Park
8:15 Major Bowes Music Hall Canada Answers Concert
8:30 Major Bowes Music Hall News; Music World News
8:45 Major Bowes Music Hall Sinfonietta Ted Steele Orch.
9:00 glenn Miller Rudy vallee Echoes of Heaven Wythe Williams.
9:15 Prof Quiz Rudy vallee Echoes of Heaven To Be Announced
9:30 Melody Marvels WWJ Playhouse Child Welfare Headline Front
9:45 Melody Marvels WWJ Playhouse Your Job and Mine Drama
Teaching Departments wishing to
recommend August graduates from
the College of Literature, Science,
and the Arts and the School of Edu-
cation foie Departmental Honors
should send such names to the Regis-
trar's Office, Room 4, U. Hall, before
Lockers in the Intramural Sports
Building must be renewed for the
coming school session or vacated pn
or before Friday, August 22, 6 p.m.
A. A. James, Supervisor,
To all students having library
1. Students having in their pos-
session books drawn from the Uni-
versity Library are notified that such
books are due Monday, August 18th,
before the impending examinations.
2. Students who have special need
for certain books after August 18th
may retain such books if renewed at
the Charging Desk.
3. The names of all students who
have not cleared their records at the
Library by Thursday, August 21st,
will be sent to the Cashier's Office,
where their summer's credits will be
withheld until such time as these
records are cleared, in compliance
with the regulations of the Regents.
S. W. McAllister,
Library Service after Summer Ses-
sion: In the interim between the
close of the summer session and the
opening of the fall semester the Gen-
eral Library will be closed evenings,
but service will be maintained in the
Main Reading Room, the Periodical
Reading Room the Medical Readinar