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August 17, 1941 - Image 5

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1941-08-17

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AY, AUGUST 17, 1941





Seizure Move

By Government
Is Anticipated
Federal Shipbuilding Plant
May Be Taken To Avert
Further Strike Tie-Up
WASHINGTON, Aug. 16.-(A)-
The government probably will take
over the strike-bound palnt of the
Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock
Company at Kearny, N. J., within 48
hours, a high defense official pre-
ducted today.
This official, who would not be
quoted by name, said that President
Roosevelt was expected to act on the
case as soon as possible after his re-
turn to the capital.
An order for the action is under-
stood to have been drafted at confer-
ences between executives of the Navy,
Maritime Commission, Office of Pro-
duction Management and Defense
Mediation Board.
About $493,000,000 worth of naval
and merchant ship construction has
been tied up for 10 days in the strike
called by the Industrial Union of
Marine and Shipbuilding Workers of
America (CIO).
The Mediation Board had recom-
mended a settelment of the dispute
by adoption of a contract containing
a "maintenance of union" clause.
The union agreed to the recommen-
dations, but called the strike when
the company failed to do so.
1. ,

Will Not Roll
Ample Control

Labor Review
Shows 9,000
Less Strikers
Report Reveals Strikes
Rose From 50 To 58
During Last Week
(By The Associated Press)
WASHINGTON-The number of
strikes, threatened strikes and labor
controversies adjusted by the Federal
Conciliation Service increased to 58
during the week, compared with 50
in the previous week, and ended a
three-week decline. The number of
workers involved was only 20,589,
however, compared with 29,640 in
the preceding week.
CHICAGO-The national Railway
Mediation Board began an effort to
compose differences between the
management of the nation's railroads
and representative of 1,150,000 em-
ployes over wage demands.
WASHINGTON-By executive or-
der, President Roosevelt suspended
the 8-hour day for mechanics and la-
borers employed directly by the War
Department on pubic works necessary
to national defense.
NEW YORK-The Association of
Communication Equipnent Workers
reported that members in 13 cities
had voted strike authority because
of failure to agree with the Western
Electric Company on a contract.
Union officials said that a strike
would tie up the entire Bell Tele-
phone System.
num Workers Union threatened to
call out 20,000 workers in five alumi-
num' plant to back up its demand for
elimination of North-South wage dif-
ferentials. The dispute was turned
over to the mediation bard.
Simmons Wins
Racing Trophy
Death Knell Of GoldCup
Competition Sounds
RED BANK, N. J., Aug. 16.-(P')-
The death knell of Gold Cup motor-
boat racing apparently was sounded
today when Zalmon G. Simmons of
Greenwich, Conn., won the classic
speed trophy with the second "walk-
over" in the history of Gold'Cup com-
After all other entries had dropped
out, Simmons drove his craft "My
Sin"'over the course at an average
speed of 52.509 miles per hour to
capture the Gold-plated, sterling sil-
ver cup which for many years was
the most coveted trophy of motor-
boat racing.- That surpassed last
year's winning speed, but was no-
thing to arouse the crowd of 15,000
gathered to watch the first day of
the combined Gold Cup and National
Sweepstakes Races.
Two entries from Louisville, Ky.,
Bill Cantrill's "Why Worry" and
Morton L. Cooper's "Mercury." which
had been the hope of the regatta
committee after other entries had
withdrawn because of various troub-
les with their boats, failed to appear
As a resultthe last two heats of the
Gcld Cup were cancelled after Sim-
mons had riven "My Sin" over the
first 30 miles.
Nurses Training Plan
WASHINGTON. -()- F. H. La-
Guardia, Civilian Defense Director
announced today plans for trainin
1-00,000 volunteer nurses' aides with-
in the next 12 months in collabora-
tion with the American Red Cross.

Three-Way Drive On Leningrad
U* S* Ss*R
x A
Moscow admitted a fourth grand German offensi ve was striking heavily at Leningrad from three direc-
tions (arrows.) Most violent fighting centered around Kakisalmi on the Karelian Isthmus and at Staraya
Russia south of Leningrad.



(Associated Press Staff Writer)
In the eight weeks since Hitler
hurled his mighty Nazi war machine
against Russia it has ripped its wayt
through Soviet buffer defenses fromi
the Baltic to the Black Sea and
stormed into Russia itself an average
depth of perhaps 100 miles on a 1,000l
mile front; but it has signally failed
as yet to achieve or closely to ap-
proach the quick and earth-shaking
victory the Nazi war load foretold.
Russians, Germans, Rumanians andl
Finns by the hundred thousand, if
not the million, are dead, maimedt
or prisoners. More millions of help-
less non-combatants are dead or
homeless and faced with freezing and,
starvation this winter.
September Rains
Yet no Russian city of first mag-
nitude strategically or economically
has yet fallen to the invading hordes;
none been brought under Nazi firea
except by air bombs. And only days
away are the September rains inI
western Russia and behind then, in'
early October, the snow will fly and
Russia's greatest ally, six months of
witer, will enter the struggle.
Hitler was utterly unprepared when
he struck at Russia June 22 for any
such bitter resistance as he has met.
As the ninth week of the vast battle
opens, his armies seem breathless
ard nearing the exhaustion point in
the vital center before Moscow. Only
on the extreme flanks of the Baltic-
Black Sea front is the Nazi blitzkrieg
still rolling, and neither sector offers
the Germans an assurance of con-
clusive victory before winter sets in.
When he struck in late June, Hit-
ler unquestionably expected within
seven weeks or less to engulf Lenin-
grad, Moscow and Kiev and sweep
the Russian Black Sea coast to the
old 1918 German invasion line at
Rostov, the gateway to Russia's Cas-
pian cil fields, to Iran and to India.
Ukraine Within Grasp.
Instead, only the southern Ukraine
and its potential resources in food
and minerals seems yet within his
grasp and its cost has been a great
expenditure of German lives and Ger-
man war reserves. Odessa is the
first major Russian city to be closely
invested by the Nazis. By Berlin
accounting, a major Red Army dis-
aster is in the making there which
will deliver the whole Ukrainian pla-
tcau east of the Dnieper into Ger-
man control.
But given Russian will to fight on
behind the Dnieper, even Nazi cap-
ture o fthe whole great bend of this
river would not be a vital blow. Com-
plete annihilation of Red Army forces

in the sea-backed Odessa pocket
seems improbable. Routes of es-
cape by land and sea are still open.
Natural water barriers offer possibili-
ties of bitter rearguard stands to
keep open a wide sea frontage against
encircement. They even afford the
means of prolonged siege warfare if
Russian army organization in the
3outh has not broken down utterly.
Appearance Of Victory
It seems unquestionable that Hit-
ler is desperately seeking ,to achieve
in the Ukraine an appearance of vic-
tory on which to found some new
peace offensive. Political and mili-
tary gestures fiom Axis aligned non-
belligerent nations such as Japan and
X.chy France were synchronized too
closely with the Nazi Ukrainian of-
fensive to permit doubt that both
wei e Berlin-dictated as diversions.
Undoubtedly, to, the Roosevelt-
Churchill joint declaration must be
regarded as a counter move to offset
in advance that expected Nazi "peace"
No Peace With Hitler
The terms of that joint British-
Amer: can statement beckon inviting-
y *o the so-called "have-not" na-
tions, great or small; but they also
rule out peace on any terms with Hit-
lersm. Only its high-placed authors
could say whether behind its issu-
ance lies some ominous official knowl-
edge in London and Washington of
v avering Russian resolve, or some
hopeful prospect of growing public
irtercst in Germany with Hitler's at-
tempted blood-purge of half the
Officer Shake-Up
Reported Started
By Army Leaders
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-(,?)-The
Army High Command was reported
today to have 'undertaken a sweep-
ing shake-up of officers in line with
its expressed intention of eliminating
those who fail to measure up to the
highest standars ofmilitary leader-
The War Department called re-
cently for the creation of a Board of
Generals to review the cases of regu-
lar army officers. This Board has
not yet been appointed, but it was
said that compilation of lists of offi-
cers whose names will be placed b*-
fore it was underway. These officers
will have the right either to resign
voluntarily or to have their cases
heard by the Board and await its

r! ; r



Pepper Asks Lifting Ban On Sending
Draftees Out Of Western Hemisphere



Simpson Declares Nazis Failed
To Achieve Expected Success

n ---

Senator Pepper (Dem.-Fla.) urged
today that the existing ban against
sending selectees outside the western
hemisphere be lifted but conceded
that there was little prospect of im-;
mediate congressional action.
Pepper, a member of the Foreign
Relations Committee and advocate
of more active aid to Great Britain
and Russia, said in an interview that
"the sooner we make an all-out effort
the surer we are to stay out of a
shooting war and the surer we are
that we won't have to send an expe-
ditionary force to Europe or South
"For example, there are islands in
the Atlantic and Pacific which might
be the subject of asault from Hitler
and his Axis associates. The Army
command ought to be in a position
to send to those places that part of
the Army which is best adapted to
such service.".
Legislation extending the service
periods of selectees, National


Guardsmen, reservists and enlisted
men for 18 months now is awaiting
Presidrnt Roosevelt's signature. It
was appi oved in the House by the
single-vote margin of 203 to 202,
leading opponents of Administration
foreign pclicy to assert that there was
r,) chance Congress would lift the
prohibition against sending selectees
outside this hemisphere.
Pepper said that while the service
extension measure would give addi-
tional flexibility to the assignment of
Army personnel, it was not adequate.
"We must keep Hitler from getting
out of Europe," he declared. "if he,
does try to break out, we must meet
him where he breaks out and we must
hold him back before he gets to us.
That is not war mongering or aggres-
sion. It is intelligent defense."
Although General George C. Mar-
shall, the Chief of Staff, originally
recommended that the western hemi-
sphere ban be lifted, Senator Thomas
(Dem.-Utah) floor manager for the
service extension measure, said Army
authorities had advisbd him they
were content, for the present, to
let the ban remain on the books.
Many Army men, Thomas added,
think largely in terms of sending men
to Europe. "But we should consider

the possibility of having to send men
across the Pacific if trouble breaks
out there," he added. "We have 700
soldiers in China now. If there
should be any real trouble they would
be sacrificed-700 men couldn't de-
feat the Japanese army."
From Senator Smith (Dem.-S.C.),
Dean of the Senate, came this com-
"They won't have a tenth of a
chance of getting rid of the prohi-
bition keeping the boys in this hemi-
sphere., They have got all they are
going to get out of this Congress.
Greenberg Out Of Army?
DETROIT, Aug. 16.-(Y)-The De-'
broit News tonight quoted Captain
Glenn A. Sikes, commander of the
anti-tank company of which Cor-
poral Henry Greenberg is a member,
as saying Greenberg would be dis-
charged from the army "without de-
lay" upon application when the bill
making it possible to release selectees
over 28 years old becomes law.
The bill rhas been passed by both
houses of Congress and would auto-
matically become law without Presi-
dent Roosevelt's signature unless he
signs or vetoes it by Monday..

: ,


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* . ., .

In The Majors
W L Pet. GB
New York .......78 39 .667
Cleveland .......59 52 .532 16
Boston..........60 53 1531 16
Chicago........60 56 .517 17/2
Detroit .........52 62 .456 241/2
Philadelphia ... .51 61 .455 24%
St. Louis ........46 64 .418 281/2
Washington.....46 65 .414 29
Today's Results
Philadelphia 6,,New York 4
Boston 8, Washington 6
Chicago 1, Cleveland 0
St. Louis 3, Detroit 2
Sunday's Games
Cleveland at Chicago
Detroit at St. Louis (2)
Boston at Washington
Philadelphia at New York (2)
W L Pct. GB
St. Louis........71 40 .640
Brooklyn .......70 40 '.636 %
Pittsburgh ......59 48 .551 10
Cincinnati ......59 48 .551 10
New York .......54 53 .505 15
Chicago.........48 64 .429 23%/
Boston .........46 64 .418 241
Philadelphia ....29 79 .269 40
Today's Results
New York 4, Philadelphia 1
Boston 4, Brooklyn 1
Cincinnati 4, Chicago 1
Pittsburgh 4, St. Louis 2
Sunday's Games
Chicago at Cincinnati (2)
Brooklyn at Boston (2)
New York at Philadelphia (2)
St. Louis at Pittsburgh (2)

11, - i


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