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August 15, 1941 - Image 1

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Weather
Showers

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Of ficial Publication Of The Summer Session

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Editorial
Swing Open
The Locked Doors ,..

I

I

VOL. LI. No. 39 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Army Bill
Approved
By Senate
Measure Assumed To Be
On Way To Roosevelt
At Sea For Signature
Vandenberg Votes"
Against Legislation
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.-((i/))--
By the top heavy vote of 37 to 19 the
Senate today accepted House changes
in the controversial Army service ex-
tension legislation and dispatched
the measure to President Roosevelt.
Senate attaches said they assumed
the bill would be flown to President
Roosevelt at sea in order to get it
on the books as quickly as possible.
General George C. Marshall, the
Army Chief of Staff, originally fixed
August 1 as the deadline on which the
measure could be enacted without in-
convenience to the Army.
The final Senate vote, terminating
weeks of dispute in both houses, came
after only eight minutes of debate.
Although the Senate originally had
approved the service extension by a
vote of 45 to 30, Senator Johnson
(Rep-Calif.) demanded the record
vote today. "There are some of us
here who are opposed to this bill,"
he said, "and we should have a
chance to vote on it.",
Authorizes Extension
The measure, which passed the
House Tuesday by the single-vote
margin of 203 to 202, would authorize
the President to hold selectees, Na-
tional Guardsmen, Reservists and en-
listed men for 18 months beyond
their present service periods. That
would mean maximum service of two
and a half years for selectees,
Guardsmen and Reservists and four
and a half years for men who enlisted
originally for three years.
By adopting a concurrent resolu-
tion, Congress could terminate the
Chief Executive's power to extend th
service period. On the other hand,
if it adopted a resolution stating ex-
tension beyond the 18 _xWra months
was "in the interest of national de-
fense" the President could continue
the service periods indefinitely.
The bill grants a $10 pay increase
to all army men who have served 12
months. The raise would not be re-
troactive and would end when the
President proclaimed the national
emergency ended.
Short Of Recommendations
In its final form the measure fell
far short of carrying out recommen-
dations of the high command. The
Army had asked that the service pe-
riods be extended indefinitely and
that an existing ban against sending
selectees outside the western hemi-
sphere be lifted. Administration
leaders, aware of powerful opposition
to an indefinite extension, compro-
mised on the 18-month extension
early in the congressional fight. They
also agreed to drop the proposal to
lift the western hemisphere ban.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.--()-Re-
publican Arthur H. Vandenberg of
Michigan voted with the minority to-
day when the Senate approved fin-
ally and sent to the White House
legislation extending the service pe-
riods of .all Army personnel for 18
months. He was one of nine Repub-
licans voting against the legislation.
Gan Rationing
Action IS Seen

Ickes Declares Imminent
'More Rigid' Measures
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. -(i')-
Apparently convinced appeals for
public curtailing of gasoline con-
sumption had failed, Secretary of
Interior Ickes declared today new
and "more rigid" measures to meet
the threatened shortage in the East
were imminent.
The coordinator declined to discuss
the contemplated action, but there
was speculation that he would call
for rationing of gas to filling sta-
tions. It was not indicated how the
individual service stations would dis-
tribute the supplies among automo-
bile operators.
Ickes, who is defense petroleum
coordinator, revealed the first ship-
ment of aviation gasoline to Russia
aboard an American tanker was
scheduled to leave Los Angeles today
for Vladivostok, under United States
registry, and that other tankers

Germans Claim Circle
About Odessa, Nikolaev
Army Said Near Dnepropetrovsk, Industrial Center
Of Ukraine; Russia Denies Encirclement

F. D. R., Churchill Rule Out Peace
With Nazis, Plan Post-War Aims;
'Bad Plagiarism,' Remarks Berlin

(By The Associated Press)
BERLIN, Aug. 14.-Crediting Ital-
ian, Rumanian andrHungarian allies
with assists, the German High Com-
mand today claimed encirclement of
Odessa and Nikolaev, Black Sea
ports, within a wide-swinging offen-
sive that planted the Swastika in the
iron center of Krivoi Rog, halfway
across the southern Ukraine.
Krivoi Rog was said to have been
occupied by German speed troops.
It lies in the basin of the lower Dnie-
per River, a scant 150 miles from the
Sea of Azov to the southeast.
The announcement was the first
official intimation German land1
forces were getting close to Dnepro-
petrovsk, the great indulstrial center
which the Germans call "the Essenf
of the Ukraine." Krivoi Rog lies
Colonel Miller
To Join Army
Ordnance Unitr
Professor Of Engineering
Reconstructed Designt
Of Famed 'Paris Gun'
Col. Henry W. Miller, chairman of
the department of mechanism and
engineering drawing and famed ord-
nance expert in the U. S. Army, willr
leave here tomorrow to take up active
service in the Heavy Artillery Unitt
of the Technical Section of the Armye
Ordnance Department it was an-t
nounced yesterday.f
Colonel Miller's duties with the
Ordnance department will be "specialk
and confidential."
Widely recognized for his work in
reconstructing the design of thet
famed secret "Paris Gun" used byf
the Germans to bombard Paris dur-
ing the last war, Colonel Miller has
published a book describing the gun,1
as well as others on drafting and
descriptive geometry.
During tht first world war Colonel
Miller was a major in the Ordnance
Department and was also in charge
of a railway artillery unit in France.
He was decorated Chevalier by the
Legion of Honor.
.Colonel Miller has been attached
to the engineering facultynhere since
1921.1
Social Securityf
Tax May Rise'
Move Designed To Restrict
Surplus Buying Power
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14. -(A)-
The possibility that social security
deductions from American pay en-I
velopes may be doubled or tripledI
arose today when Secretary of theI
Treasury Morgenthau suggested a
boose in such taxes was a desirable
method ofpreventing inflation.
Employes and employers now are
taxed 1 percent each on payrolls,
with no change scheduled until an
automatic boost to 2 percent each is
due in 1943. Acknowledging he had
not worked out details, the Secretary
indicated he favored moving up the
date of this increase and possibly
other scheduled increases designed'
to make the rate 3 percent each on
employes and employers eventually.
The Secretary revealed at a press
conference that this idea was one
of the proposals he intended to give
Congress when called to testify about
price control legislation and other
anti-inflation measures.
He was asked about the British
method of compulsory saving, which
is designed to tie up surplus pur-
chasing power that might contribute

to inflation. He replied:
"No; we here in the Treasury are
studying the whole question of social
security rather than enforced sav-
ing."
Dr. Farrior Prescribes
Pill For 8th Cup In One
A hole in one was scored yesterday
on the 180 yard eighth hole at the
University golf course by Dr. J.
Brown Farrior, in the second day of
play in the city men's senior golf
tournament.
It was with a number three iron

some 80 miles southwest of Dnepro-
petrovsk.
With the fall of Krivoi Rog, the
HighnCommand said, Russia lost 61
percent of its iron ore production.
The Hitler headquarters pictured
Odessa asencircleduby Rumanian
troops, Nikolaev caught in a vice by
Germans and Hungarians, and a
German-Hungarian-Italian force "ir-
resistibly advancing" southward be-
tween the Dniester and Dnieper
rivers.
Germans and Rumanians were said
to have reached the Black Sea be-
tween the port of Odessa and the
Bug River estuary in a "continuous,
relentless pursuit" and Russian
forces, trapped by the advance, were
reported preparing to try a Dun-
kerque-like withdrawal by sea.
Meanwhile S. A. Lozovsky, Soviet
Vice Commissar for Foreign Affairs,
denied the German claim the Red
armies in the Ukraine had been en-
circled.
Fierce fighting along the whole
front from the White Sea in the far
north to the Black Sea was reported
in the Soviet Information Bureau's
communique, and Russian sources
said sporadic German pushes cost
the Nazis heavily in men and ma-
terial.
The Red Air Force shot down or
destroyed on the ground 74 German
planes Wednesday and lost 27 air-
craft, the communique said.
Destruction of a German subma-
rine in the Baltic also was claimed.
Pravda cited invulnerable Russian
defense as explanation for the Sovi-
et Information Bureau's morning
communique asserting there had
been no significant changes in the
front line through Wednesday night.
The army newspaper, Red Star,
which also pictured the front as sta-
ble and quiet, issued the list of Ger-
man units claimed as destroyed and
said 21 more German divisions-
both infantry and tank-had suf-
fered more than 50 percent losses.
Third Audience
Will See Opera
Gilbert And Sullivan Work
To Be Last Of Season
Gilbert and Sullivan's "The Gondo-
liers," final presentation of the Mich-
igan Repertory Players for the 13th
annual Summer Season, will go on
for the third night of its six-day run
at 8:30 p.m. today at the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
The comic opera, the product of
the combined efforts of the School of
Music, the University Symphony Or-
chestra and the Department of Phy-
sical Education for Women, swill be
shown through Tuesday with the
exception of Sunday.
Maurice Gerow and Sam Durrance
in the title roles and Vernon B. Kel-
lett and Stepheny Doranchek as the
Duke and Duchess of Plaza-Toro
head the cast.
Vice Premier
Hiranuma Shot
In Chest, Jaw
TOKYO, Aug. 14.- WP))-Baron
Kiichiro Hiranuma, vice premier and
senior statesman who is considered
a moderating and steadying influ-
ence in the Japanese cabinet, was
gravely wounded today by a myster-
ious gunman who gained entrance
to his home by posing as an admiring
autograph-seeker.
Although the Baron's condition
was reported serious tonight, with
a blood transfusion probable, the
Emperor sent him a basket of fruit
-a strong indication hope is held
for his recovery.

Had the gift been imperial wine,
the traditional implication would
have been that death was expected.
A strong nationalist, Hiranuma
nevertheless has been considered -a
definite moderating influence in the
cabinet of Premier Prince Fumimaro
Konoye, in which he is both vice pre-
mier and minister without portfolio.
Therefore, the attack on him was
considered an unfavorable sign in
the present period of international
stress, even though no reason for it
was known.
Hiranuma was shot in the chest
and jaw this morning by a man who
gained access to his bachelor resi-

Journal Charges Authors
With Territorial Hopes
For Respective Nations
No Popular Power
Attributed To Points
BERLIN, Aug. 14.- (()) -The
German Foreign Office mouthpiece,
Deutsche Diplomatisch Politische
Korrespondenz, tonight called the
Roosevelt-Churchill program "a pla-
giarism of President Wilson's points
-and a bad one at that."
The publication declared, "The
plagiarism can find no drawing power
because the authors are the same as
those who deceived the world 25
years ago by a sham of promises not
seriously intended."
In the first detailed German re-
action to the British-American out-
line, the Korrespondenz went on:
Impudent Lie
"It is an impudent lie when
Churchill and Roosevelt maintain
that their countries seek neither ter-
ritorial nor any other kind of en-
richment.
"As in the World War, England
now aspires to make foreign peoples
subject to her which want to be free.
As for Roosevelt's policy, it is an im-
portant point of his program to ac-
quire economic and military sover-
eignty not only on the western hemi-
sphere but far beyond it.
"This sovereignty does not bother
in the slightest about the wishes of
interested peoples. They can be
brought to reason in case of need
with bomb, blackmail or bribery of
suitable party groups,"
Destruction Idea 'Grotesque'
It is said the determination to
achieve "final destruction of the Nazi
tyranny'' was '"grotesque."~
Earlier in the day German spokes-
men had characterized the Roose-
velt-Churchill expression of war aims
as a "propaganda bluff' executed as
an unpropitious time.
"Churchill and Roosevelt are un-
fortunate in their declaration being
made at a time when every hour
brings new reports of impressive suc-
cesses for German arms in the
Ukraine," one spokesman said.
Dienst Aus Deutschland, a com-
mentary close to the foreign office,
said:
"One may not assume that Ger-
many is ready seriously to examine
this program. On the contrary, there
is no doubt the Reich is determined
to give the answer exclusively with
weapons.",
Crowther To Give
TalkHere Monday
Geoffrey Crowther of the British
Supply Council in North America will
lecture on "The Future of Anglo-
American Relations" at 8 p.m. Mon-
day in the Lecture Hall of the Rack-
ham Building,
The lecture is one of a series being
sponsored by the Offices of the Sum-
mer Session and is open to the gen-
eral public.
Mr. Crowther has been editor of
"The Economist" *since 1938, and act-
ing director of the National Institute
of Economic and Social Research
since 1939.

Vichy Rejects
Aims In War
As 'Old Stuff'
VICHY, Unoccupied France, Aug.
14.-(P)-The official French infor-
mation office tonight rejected the
British-American war aims as old
stuff and inadequate, following up a
radio declaration by Vice Premier
Jean Darlan that he would .lead
France along the road mapped out
by Chief of State Petain-indicating
full collaboration with Germany.
As a sort of discordant footnote to
this course,'news arrived from Paris
of bloodshed in riotous public dem-
onstrations in that German-occupied
capital Wednesday.
The information office's quickly-
prepared reaction to today's Roose-
velt-Churchill statement of aims
read:
"It only repeats in briefer form
President Wilson's fourteen points.
"It does not introduce a single
new element into a doctrine which
almost 25 years ago appeared as hav-
ing some value."
Beaverbrook,
Supply Agent,
In Washington

Eight Points Laid Down As Framework
For New World Order As Leaders
Of Democracies Meet At Sea
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.-(R)-In a dramatic climax to a series of secret
political and military talks at sea, President Roosevelt and Prime Minister
Winston Churchill today ruled out any peace with Hitler Germany, sketched
the framework of a new world order and indicated far-reaching steps were
planned to crush "the Nazi tyranny."
Unannounced but strongly implied in a momentous joint declaration
was agreement on high points of strategy to meet new Axis threats on a
far-flung front-in the East, in the West and in sprawling and struggling
Russia. The leaders of the two great western powers gave no hint the Unit-
ed States had been assigned any immediate part other than as "the arsenal
* of democracy" in a stepped-up effort

British
Buyer
Seeks

Minister 'Biggest
On The Cuff',
Arms, Supplies

WASHINGTON, Aug. 1. -(A')-
Lord Beaverbrook, who described
himself as "the biggest buyer on the
cuff you've ever seen," flew in from
the historic Roosevelt-Churchill con-
ference today and immediately began
negotiations to obtain more arms and
supplies of all kinds for embattled
Britain.
"We have had hundreds of millions
of dollars worth of benefit under the
lend-lease program," the dynamic
Minister of Supplies told newspaper-
men in a rapid-fire interview at the
British embassy, "but we need more."
He named tanks,-planes (particu-
larly bombers) and food.
Beaverbrook sat in on the Roose-
velt-Churchill conferences at an un-
disclosed point in the north Atlan-
tic. Immediately afterward he flew
on here to talk with William S.
Knudsen, director of the Office of
Production Management, and other
American officials.
Lend-Lease Administrator Harry
Hopkins, who recently has held dis-
cussions in London and Moscow, was
also believed to have participated in
the sea conferences, but Lord Bea-
verbrook would not confirm Hopkis'
presence or shed light on any other
aspect of the Roosevelt-Churchill
meeting.
"You've been very generous," Bea-
verbrook declared, sticking exclu-
sively to supply matters, "but we
need still more from you. Remember
that we are engaged in a terrific
conflict with an enemy that is con-
fident, an enemy well organized, an
enemy who has been preparing for
years to fight."

Gabrio To Play
In French Film
'Harvest' Today'
Cinema League To Offer
Best Foreign Film Of
1939 At Rackham Bldg.
"Harvest", a French film voted by
tht New York Critics Circle the best
foreign picture of 1939, will be shown
at 8:15 p.m. today in the Lecture Hall
of the Rackhani School by the Art
Cinema League.
The plot, adapted by Marcel Pag-
nol from Jean Giono's novel "Regain"
is the story of the life cycle concern-
ing a man, a woman and their plot
of ground. The role of the farmer is
played by Gabriel Gabrio, recognized
as one of the most powerful dramatic
actors in France. Orane Demais is
the woman and Fernandel provides
the comedy interest.
Arthur Honegger, the distinguished
French composer of "Pecific 231" and
the scores for "Pygmalion" andt
"Mayerling", has written the original
symphonic misical score. Dialogue
is in French but English sub-titles
are appended.
Tickets for "Harvest" may be pur-
chased at the Union, the League and
Wahr's book store, or from 7:30 p.m.
until curtain time at the Rackham7
School.
At 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Lec-
ture Hall of the Rackham School the
Art Cinema League will show the
German film, "The Cobbler of Koep-
enick", which was postponed from its
earlier showing date because of
transportation difficulties.
The story of a cobbler who learned
Prussian militarism in prison and
used his knowledge to put over the
biggest hoax in history in order to
obtain a passport, this film is an
authentic record of a true tale.
'With the German film star Adal-
bert in the title role, the movie is
directed by Oswald with the scenario
by Zuckmayer.
Niagara Falls
Is Destination
Of Trip Today
Students from Ecuador, Chile and
Venezuela here on campus for the
Latin-American Summer Session of
the International Center will leave
at 3 p.m. today for a trip to Niagara
Falls.
Going by boat to Buffalo, the group
will spend tomorrow touring the vi-
cinity of the Falls on the Canadian
and American sides. Boarding the
boat again tomorrow night, the Latin
Americans will arrive back in Ann
Arbor Sunday morning.
They will be accompanied by Dean
of Students Joseph A. Bursley.
The trip has been made possible
by the Nelson Rockefeller in Wash-
ington and the State Department,
which groups are responsible for the
Latin-American Summer Session.
All Entries For Hopwood
Awards Are Due Today
All entries in the Summer Hop-
woods must be in the Hopwood Room,
Room 3227 Angell Hall, by 4 p.m.
today.
Entries will be accepted in four di-
,,cnn" ne rv ;n,.a fitn r- ca

to win the war against the Axis.
But neither was there any indica-
tion from their pronouncement that
the United States would remain in-
definitely on a "short of war" basis
in "the steps which their countries
are respectively taking for their safe-
ty in the face of these dangers."
The time and place' of the historic
conferences, which rivaled or sur-
passed in world interest the Brenner
Pass meetings of Adolf Hitler and
Benito Mussolini, remained secret.
Joint Announcement
The joint announcement in Wash-
ington and London said merely the
President and Prime Minister "have
met at sea" and "have held several
conferences."
They were flanked by high-ranking
Army, Navy and Air Force officers
of the two nations, by diplomatic
advisers and by officials immediately
concerned with the problems of sup-
ply for "those countries actively en-
gaged in resisting aggression."
The meeting and resulting declara-
tion drew immediate acclaim from
Congressional supporters of the
President's foreign policy, but some
other legislators objected that the
agreements constituted an alliance
with Great Britain. Other critical
Congressional comment included as-
sertions "it is tantamount to a dec-
laration of war by this country, which
is the province of Congress only."
But Senator Connally (Dem.-Tex.),
chairman of the foreign relations
committee, praised the declaration as
embodying "principles of noble and
lofty conception with which I feel
sure the people of the United States
will agree," and Senator Barkley
(Dem.-Ky.), majority leader, said it
would be "well received by all peo-
ples resisting aggression."
London Elated
London was elated, informed
sources asserting the United States
committed itself to help reconstruct
post-war Europe, to support the
British and Russians on every front,
and to aid in stripping "aggressor"
nations of their weapons.
In Berlin Nazi sources retorted
with charges of "propaganda bluff,"
and fascists in Rome declared the
meeting would fail to influence the
Axis or Japan in their plans to es-
tablish "new orders" in Europe and
the Far East.
But Japanese sources indicated
nervousness, for the declaration was
followed quickly by a British order
banning all exports to Japan except
under license-a measure largely ef-
fective already in the United States.
The joint statement issued by the
White House here and broadcast in
London by Major Clement Attlee,
Lord Privy Seal, ended ten days of
mystery and speculation concerning
the President and Prime Minister
Churchill and the possibility of a
historic meeting at sea.
Dispatches Withheld
Not since last Saturday had the
Navy released any dispatches from
the Presidential yacht Potomac,
cruising in northern waters. There-
fore President Roosevelt's activities
and Winston Churchill's apparent
absence from London had been
equally mystifying.
The joint declaration which broke
the long silence was fully as impor-
tant in its omissions as in its enun-
ciation of "certain common princi-
ples in the national policies of their
respective countries on which they
base their hopes for a better future
for the world."
They "further examined" the whole
problem of the supply of munitions
of war under the Lease-Lend Act
"for the armed forces of the United
States and for those countries ac-
tively engaged in resisting aggres-
sion ."

Latin-American Students Here
Approve Eight-Point Program

By KARL KESSLER
President Roosevelt and Prime
Minister Churchill's Eight-Point pro-
gram of war aims and a post-war
peace will receive full cooperation
from the Latin American countries
if the opinion of South American
students here this summer is any
true indication.
Ecuadorian, Peruvian and Venez-
uelan and Chilian students here are
almost unanimous in their approval
of the peace plan announced yester-
day. Mr. Wilson Cordova, secretary
to the president of Ecuador and son
of the former president, praised high-
ly the idealistic basis of the Roose-
velt-Churchill plan, but expressed

Mr. Miguel Albornoz, Ecuadorian
columnist, was more optimistic, saw
in the proposal the foundations for
an international democracy. "It is
important, in this time of crisis, not
to forget the future," he cautioned.
'We must think of the destiny of our
hemisphere, for. future civilization
and history will be moulded here, and
we must be prepared to lead the
world to a better way of life,"
Other South American students' ex-
pressed hopes that the dramatic
meeting in the North Atlantic might
be expanded into a permanent con-
ference of the nations fighting fas-
cism, that the world might be offered
a positive democratic front to coun-

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