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July 02, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-02

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Weather
Partly Cloudy.

ig~t

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

~Iit1

Editorial
A Noble Heritage
And; Its Future..

VOL. LI, No. 2 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 2, 1941 Z-323

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Wang Regime
Given Official
Axis Approval
Japan To Announce War
Stand Soon; Recognition
May. Influence Decision
U.S. Aid To Russia
Worries Nipponese
SHANGHAI, July 1.-MP)-On the
eve of an expected announcement by
Japan of, her position in the Ger-
man-Russian war, Germany and
Italy and their Axis satellites tbday
granted Japan's request and ac-
corded recognition to the Japanese-
sponsored Nanking government of
China, headed by Premier Wang
Ching-Wei.
This Axis recognition came a full
17 months after estatlishment of
the Wang regime to rule Japanese-
conquered areas of China, but only
10 days after Germany invaded
Russia.
War Stand Expected
After deliberating almost con-
stantly since outbreak of Russian-
German hostilities, the Japanese,
government, according to the au-
thoritative Japanese news agency
Domei, was expe'cted to state tomor-
row whether it has made a choice
between Germany, its Axis partner,t
and Russia, with whom it has a neu-
trality pact.
This recognition of the Wang re-R
gime appeared to have been timed to
influence Japan's decision, or per-
haps to make payment for pledges
already undertaken by Tokyo.
At Chungking, the government of
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in-
structed its diplomatic representa-
tives in Germany and Italy to re-
turn to China."
U.S. Worries Japan
The Axis move came amid mount-
ing indication that Japan had cast
her lot with Germany against Rus-
sia, her old-time Far-Eastern rival.
Japan has been reported worried
over the possibility of United States
Influence inr asing in the Far East
through grantig of promised Ameri-
can aid to Russia, which might be
made through Vladivostok, Soviet
Far Eastern ort.
Joining Germany and Italy in rec-
ognizing the Nanking regime as the
Nationalist Government of China
were Rumania, Bulgaria, Slovakia,
' Croatia and Hungary, all minor Axis
partners, and Spain, whose govern-s
ment is an outspoken enemy of Com-
munist Russia.
Russia, before signi g its treaty1
with Japan three months ago, gave[
much material help to Generalissimo
Chiang Kai-shek in his war againstt
Japan.
The move was announced in Tokyoc
as "a telling blow to those who, hav-
ing not yet realized the great ideal
of the establishment of an East Asia
new order, continue to follow a policyt
of resistance against Japan."
U.S. Is Preparing
To Rush Supplies'
To Soviet Uniont
WASHINGTON, July 1.-(P)-The
United States prepared to do its ut-
most today to comply with an official
Russian request for help in rushing!
supplies to the embattled Soviet
Union.
Sumner Welles, the acting secre-

tary of state, disclosed that the Rus-
ian ambassador, Constantin Ouman-
sky, presented the request yesterday.
It has been forwarded, he added, to
all the interested governmental de-,
partments.
Since Russia is a belligerent in the
war, and such information might,
come under the heading of data use-
ful to Hitler's armies, Welles declined
to say what weapons or other arti-
cles were on Oumansky's list.;
Authoritative sources said the or-
ders would not be a part of the
American lease-lend 'program, but
would be 'strictly business transac-
tions," with payment being made by
the Soviet government.
The Russians, it was learned, are
seeking the assistance of the United
States government in placing orders
here and in securing priorities,
wherever possible in order to expe-
dite deliveries.
Newman Club Sponsors
St- Marv' linen Hm vngo

Jesse S. Reeves Discusses
Foreign, DomesticPolicy

To Talk Today

By HARRY M. KELSEY
Finding a statesman who can com-
bine the idea of immediate gain with
the concept of long range advan-
tages is one of thie major difficulties
of a democracy, Prof: Jesse S. Reeves,
William W. Cook Professor of Ameri-
can Institutions, pointed out in a
lecture yesterday, adding that even
when such a statesman is found
there is continually a conflict with
those who persist in thinking only
in terms of present advantage.
Professor Reeves' lecture opened a
series of twenty sponsored by the
Graduate Study Program in Public
Policy in a World at War. His sub-
ject was "Interrelation of the Do-
mestic and Foreign Policies of a Na-
tion.".
The government of no country will
take on a foreign policy contrary to
its national interests, Professor
Reeves stated. The formation of pol-
icy, he noted, involves alternatives,
and the limits of choice within for-
eign policy is the limits set do'wn by
international law. Differences of
opinion make peaceful change nearly
impossible, he stated, saying that na-
tionalism, seeking change, leads to
a need for self-sufficiency, which in
turn leads to autocracy, not peaceful
isolation, but warlike change, and the
more complete the self-sufficiency
the greater its international signifi-
cance and danger.
As one factor in a number leading
to the development of what is known
as "power politics," Professor Reeves
traced the result of the combination
of the industrial revolution and the
French Revolution. The industrial
revolution, he said, led to the shrink-
age of the earth through technologi-
cal advances, bringing peoples and

national army rather than a small
group of professional soldiery, and
universal military service. The com-
bination of these two led to a com-
parative armaments race among
countries which the United States
joined in after the Spanish,American
War.
Lands, peoples and boundaries play
an important part in the determina-
tion of policy, Professor Reeves main-
tained. Since there are no more free
lands to be occupied, when a coun-
try needs more territory today it
must take it from an already occu-
pied country, he pointed out, while
boundaries set off one legal order
from another, as each state repre-
sents its own legal order.
The last great migration of peo-
ples, he noted, was that of the 19th
century from over-crowded Europe to
the United States. Now, Professor
Reeves stated, it has become neces-
sary to place restrictions on immi-
gration, and domestic policy in re-
gard to immigration has had a great
influence in the formulation of for-
eign policy.
Summer Staff
To Be Honored
At Reception
Dances, Bridge To Follow
Event In Rackhan Hall;
'All Students Are Invited
Faculty members and students will
have an opportunity to meet, between
8:30 and 10:30 p.m. tomorrow, when
the general reception of the faculty
to the students of the Summer Ses-
sion is held in the Rackham Build-
ing.
At the head of the receiving line,,
from 8:30 to 9:30 p.m., will be Dr.
Louis A. Hopkins, director of the
Summer Session, and Mrs. Hopkins.
With Dr. Hopkins will be Dean
Clarence S. Yoakum, 'vice-president
of the University and dean of the
Rackham School of Graduate Studies,
and Mrs. Yoakum; Shirley W. Smith,
vice-president of the University and
secretary in charge of business and
finance, and Mrs. Smith; Dean Ed-
ward H. Kraus of the College of Lit-
erature, Science and the Arts, and
Mrs. Kraus; and Dean Ivan C.
brawford of the College of Engineer-
ing, and Mrs. Crawford.
Also receiving will be Mrs. A. E.
White, president of the Faculty Wo-
meni's Club, and Professor White;
Prof. Earl V. Moore, director of the
School of Music, and Mrs. Moore;
(Continued on Page 5)
Shakespearean Comedy
To Continue Run Today

Russia Reports Germans
Halted On Minsk Front;
Soviet Army Flees' Lwow

places

into much closed contact,

while at the same time the French
Revolution introduced the idea of a
Student Co-Op
Will Sponsor
pen House
Wolverine Will Entertain
All Interested Students
At First Gathering Today
Largest student owned and oper-
ated cooperative in the country is
the Michigan Wolverine on S. State
St., which, since 1932, has provided
inexpensive boarding facilities for
thousands of University students.
The Wolverine will hold Open
House at 8 p.m. today for all stu-
dents interested in joining or gain-
ing further information about the.
cooperative.
In addition to providing economi-
cal meals, the Wolverine sponsors
several dances and other socials dur-
ing the Summer Session. The mem-
bership fee is one dollar for the en-
tire eight weeks and board is $5.24
a week for 20 meals, with propor-
tionate prices for other combina-
tions of meals.
This summer the Wolverine plans
to offer something new. Besides
serving regular meals at the regu-
lar prices they are instituting a la
carte service for those who may not
desire complete meals in either the
afternoon or evening.
On weekdays breakfasts are served
from 7:15 a.m. to 8:45 a.m., lunches
from 11:45 a.m. to 1 p.m. and din-
ners from 5:30 p.m. to 7 p.m. Sun-
day breakfasts are from 8:30 a.m.
and Sunday dinners from 10:30 a.m.
to 2 p.m.
The cooperative also maintains a
lobby store at which candy, cigar-
ettes,newspapers, magazines and
film are sold. A supply of bluebooks,
stamps and post cards are also kept
on hand for the convenience of the
members.
Members may also have their
cleaning and laundry sent out
through the Wolverine at a discount.
The Wolverine has its own collec-
tion of calssic and popular records,
and feature regular symphonic hours,
in addition to dinner music.
Po. Sheldon
SpeaksToday
Opening a series of five lectures
sponsored by the medical school, Dr.
John M. Sheldon will speak on "Your
Allergy and What to do About It"
at 8 p.m. today in the Rackham
Lecture Hall..
Dr. Sheldon is head of the allergy
denartment at the University Hosni-

* * *
Prof. Perkins
Will Consider
Foreign Policy
Prof. Dexter Perkins of the Uni-
versity of Rochester will speak at
4:15 p.m. today; in the Lecture Hall
of the Rackham School on "Funda-
mental Principles of American For-
eigh Policy," the second of the series
of lectures sponsored by the Gradu-
ate Study Program in Public Policy
in a World at War.
A graduate o4 Harvard, where he
took his Ph.D.! in 1914, Professor
Perkins was instructor of history at
the Unive.rsity of Cincinnati during
the academic year 1914-15. In the
latter year he went to the University
of Rochester, where he has been head
of the history department since 1925.
In 1937 Professor Perkins was lec-
turer on the Commonwealth Fund
at University College, London.
Professor Perkins is the author of
a number of books including "The
Monroe Doctrine, 1823-26," published
in 1927; "The Monroe Doctrine,
1826-67," published in 1933; "John
Quincy Adams as Secretary of State,"
and "The Monroe Doctrine, 1867-
1907," published in 1938.
Group To Hold
MeetingToday
Women Students Invited
To Education Panels
Women students interested in edu-
cation are invited to attend the first
summer meeting of the Women's
Education group at 7:15 p.m. today,
in the Garden Room of the League.
The planning committee of the
group, in charge of this first meet-
ing, is composed of Jessie Church,
Mirium Weckman, Dorothy Chaman,'
Helen DeSarmo, Myrtle Hammond,
and Mary Andrews, assisted by Dr.
Mabel Rugen of the School of Edu-
cation.
Plans have been made to enlarge
this committee to include a repre-
sentative from each of the work-
shops and the other special fields
of education. The group seeks to be
functionally democratic with all in-
terested taking an active part.
Dexter House Open
The reconditioned mansion of Judge
Dexter, reputed- to be one of the
finest dwellings in the Middle West,
will be on exhibit tomorrow, Friday
and Saturday in Dexter, Mich. The
house was built approximately 100
years ago by Judge Dexter, who was
Secretary of War under both Adams
and Jefferson.

Nazis Advance Deeper Into Russia
0 300
FINLAND MILES
. ..-. FORMER
BOUNDARIES
........ f VIIPURI""_.
HELSINKI
...... -LE NINGR A D
ESTONIA
LATVIA MOSCOW
LIBAU DVINSK
SMOLENSK a
KHARKOV
*** KIEV
SLOV IA 0
t R .; o ESSA f
German columns were reported half-way to Moscow as Berlin
claimed capture of Minsk (3), and indicated German forces were in sight
of Smolensk (4). Germans also claimed capture of Libau (2), Latvian--
port, and Lwow (5). Russians claimed to have 'repulsed attacks 'from
Finland on northern front (1), but acknowledged Germans had driven
through Lithuania, a third of the way to Leningrad. Russians claimed
to be helding along the Prut River (6).
Eleven Mexican Delegates Visit
University on Way To Cranb rook

Heavy Nazi Losses Told
As Fierce Battle Rages
Over Eastern Sectors
No Advances Made
At Finnish Frontier
(By The Associated Press)
MOSCOW, Wednesday, July 2.-
Red Army troops supported by a tre-
mendous artillery barrage have
checked the German invaders of
Russia on the Minsk front with
heavy losses, the Soviet Information
Bureau stated today, in announcing
a series of defense successes against
numerically superior foes from Mur-
mansk to southern Poland.
Lwow, Poland, hotly contested al-
most since the German invasion be-
gan June 22, finally was evacuated
by Russian forces, thehinformation
bureau announced. The city's loss
previously had been announced as
occurring Monday, due to a Hun-
garian flanking maneuver, but later
this was said to have been prema-
ture.
Elsewhere, all up and down the
great battle line, the Russians said
they were holding firm, although
exact locations were not specified.
German Losses Heavy
Large German losses in manpower
and equipment were claimed every-
where, particularly around Minsk,
capital of Whiterussia, and Luck, in
Southern Poland.
(A German military spokesman
said Monday that Minsk had been
captured, but there were later indi-
cations that the racing German
panzer units had merely swept around
it.-)
In the Dvinsk sector the story was
the same: heavy German losses in-
flicted by Red Army forces barring
the Nazis' path over the western
Dvina River. There the German in-
fantry was in support of the tanks,
however.
On the Finnish front, big battles
raged in two areas: Kakisalmi on the
Karelian Isthmus and Murmansk,
the ice-free Russian Arctic port. In
both cases the Finnish-German at-
tackers were'stopped, the Russian an-
nouncement said, although they were
far superior in numbers to the Rus-
sian defenders.
Lwow's Loss Admitted
The loss of Lwow was admitted in
a single cipped sentencel: "Our
troops, retreating according to pan,
and in accordance with orders, left
Lwow."
Previously it had been stated offi-
cially that Hungary's entry into the
war on Russia had caused danger of
a flanking attack on the Lwow de-
fenders.
The Russian communique heaped
scorn on the Rumanian forces on the
Bessarabian front, saying they had
been unable to gain and that Ruman-
ian generals "duped by Hitler were
cruelly disillusioned."
The Russians reiterated the charge
that the Rumanian allies of Germany
had been sent into battle ahead of
German units, to face certain death,
with German machine-guns trained
on their backs to make sure they did
not falter.
South Front Quiet
This southernmost front apparently
was the quietest of all. It was stated,
however, that Russian planes again
bombed Constanta, Rumania's Black
Sea port, and there were reports that
seven German submarines had been
sunk in the Black Sea and the Baltic.
The biggest Nazi thrust continued
to be concentrated in the central
area.
The main German push to the
south and east of Minsk, a drive
which the Russians emphasized was
by "superior enemy forces," reached
the vicinity of Bobruisk and was
poised there either to wheel north-

east with other columns striking at
Moscow or south down the Dnieper
River basin into the Ukraine to join
forces with German troops striking
into that rich wheat region from
the Luck-Rowne area.
In that bitter sector the advance
of Nazi tanks was stemmed, the Red
communique said, by heavy Russian
counter-attacks.

,:,,
,.
"
, '
r
F
a

Shakespeare's "Much Ado About
Nothing," which opened the 13th an-
nual summer drama season last night,
will continue its five day run at 8:30
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendels-
sohn Theatre.
Under the direction of Prof. Wil-
liam P. Halstead and Prof. Valentine
B. Windt, both of the speech depart-
ment, the play stars Ada McFarland
and Hugh Norton in the roles of Be-
atrice, niece to Leonato, and Benedit.
The Michigan Repertory Players'
next production, Kaufman and Hart's
"George Washington Slept Here" will
open next Wednesday at the Mendels-
sohn Theatre. Tickets are on sale
at the box office.

Ann Arbor became more deeply
entrenched in its role as center 'of
inter-hemisphere relations for the
next two weeks when 11 Mexican
delegates to the New Education Fel-
lowship Conference came through
here last night on their way to a
peaceful four days of North Ameri-
can life at Cranbrook.
The delegates were met at the
railroad station by members of the
Pan-American League of Detroit,
and were motored from there to
DAILY TRYOUTS
Any students interested in
working on the editorial or busi-
ness staffs of The Daily during
the Summer Session will find
The Daily a fine laboratory for
newspaper experience. Tryouts
will be welcome at The Daily's
office in the Student Publica-
tions Building, 420 Maynard
Street, at any time.

Surprise British Military Shakeup
Transfers General Wavell To India

Cranbrook, where they will join an-
other group of Latin Americans that
were taken to Cranbrook Sunday.
Chairman of the Mexican delega-
tion to the eighth international con-
ference of the Fellowship is Prof.
Celerino Cano, director of Pedagog-
cal research of the Ministry of Edu-
cation in Mexico.
Other members are Prof. Elisio
Bandala, ,director of federal educa-
tion in the state of Veracrus, Prof.
Herberto Swin, supervisor of the
teaching of English in the vocation
school in Mexico, and Prof. Guillermo,
Yaniz, head of the publications and
publicity bureau of the ministry of
Education.
Goodwin Watson of the Teachers
College, Columbia, accompanied the
group. Luis Sanchez Ponton, Minis-
ter of Education in Mexico, also a
member of the Mexican delegation,
is travelling to Ann Arbor by auto-
mobile.
Another group of Mexicans, all
young dancers, came through Ann
Arbor Sunday on their way to Cran-
brook. After a week there the group
will return to Ann Arbor tp give a
program of Mexican folk dances
Sunday before members of the New
Education Fellowship.
Members of the South American
delegations will arrive in Detroit
Thursday morning by boat. There
will be 38 in the South American
group at the convention.
Indian exhibit
Will Be Shown
In connection with the eighth in-
ternational conference of the New
Education Fellowship, the Office of
Indian Affairs of the Department of
the Interior has prepared a special
exhibition of Indian Education to be
shown from July 7 to 12 in Ann
Arbor High School.
The exhibition will depict the prog-
ress that has been made in educa-

LONDON, Wednesday, July 2.-(IP)'
-Gen. Sir Archibald P. Wavell, Bri-
tish middle eastern commander-in-
chief whose desert armies drove the
Italians deep into Libya before be-
ing forced back by the Germans, to-
day was transferred to India., ex-
changing posts with Gen. Sir Claude
Auchinleck who is almost unknown
to the general public.
No reason was given in the an-
nouncement made at No. 10 Downing
Street, residence of Prime Minister
Winston Churchill.
But this surprise military shakeup
which stunned Britons was predicted
by some who claimed:
1. General Wavell had been shelved

in directing the British attack on
Narvik, Norway, his organization of
English coastal defenses, and long
career in India.'
But he has long been an advocate
of the new defensive warfare in-
volving mobility and surprise.
Evidence that British leaders con-
sider the middle eastern command
all the more vital now that Germany
is marching into Russia was seen in
the simultaneous appointment of
Capt. Oliver Lyttleton as Minister of
State and member of the war cabi-
net to represent the cabinet in the
Middle East.
Lyttleton relinquished his post as
head of the Board of Trade Sunday.

erfiment's "promising young men"
will be on hand to handle the armis-
tice terms.
Those who hold that General Wa-
vell has been "given a rest," that is,
demoted, point to the British public's
dismay and anger when Nazi troops
smashed through his desert armies
in Libya and overwhelmed Crete.
The Middle-Eastern command's
admission before the onslaught on
Crete that the island could be de-
fended with available RAF support
was said to have weighed heavily
against the General in judgment of
that defeat.
But others said Wavell's shift. to
India was further proof of the gov-
ernment's fears of a German strike

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