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July 30, 1941 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1941-07-30

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Weather

LL

Cooler;

S ir aiu
Official Publication Of The Summer Session

4:Iat

Editorial

Preparation Against
Attack P'ossibility ..

I

VOL. I.lilNo. 25,|ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 1941 Z-32

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Nipponese Forces
Arrive At Saigon,
French Indo-China
Japanese Vessels .dvancing Southward
In 'Aggressive Mood'; Claim Desire
To Protect Territory From 'Intrigue'
SAIGON, French Indo-China, Wednesday, July 39.-()-A convoy of
15 Japanese naval ships arrived here today with troops as the Japanese
sped the occupation of bases in Indo-China.
The arrivals here followed the movement of Nipponese forces into
nearly Camranh, French Indo China naval base 800 miles from Manila.
Thus proceeded in force the occupation of eight air bases and five
garrison posts which, it was annbunced officially today, will put a total of
40,000 Japanese troops in southern

Prof. Corwin Will Give
Public Policy Lecture

Nazi Retreat Announced

As Russian

Tank Forces

Indo-China, will station Japanese
planes within easy bombing range
of British Malaya and Burma, within
an hour's flight of Bangkok, and
will enable Japanese air patrols to
cover the ship routes of the China
Sea and complete Japanese air dom-
ination of all Indo-China.
The five-year-old base of Cam-
ranh Bay itself is virtually equidis-
tant from the powerful American
base of Cavite, guarding the ap-
proach to Manila Bay, and from the
British bases cf Hongkong and
Singapore. It is about 600 miles
from the coast of the Dutch East
Indies.
Saigon Calm
Saigon was calm, preparing for
reception of the Japanese army of
occupation. The municipal 'band
practiced in the city's main square.
Citizens were warned against anti-
Japanese demonstrations, and news-
papers told the people they were
lucky to have avoided the kind of
war into which Syria was propelled.
There were unconfirmed . reports
to the effect Japan had served new
demands on Thailand, including one
that Thailan i join Japan's so-called
New East Asiatic order in return for
cession of Oot /
Japanese Naval Forces
MoveOn ndo-China
TOKYO, July 29.-(MP)-Japanese
naval forces steamed southward to-
day for the occupation of Fretich
Indo-China in an aggressive mood
which a Japanese correspordent
aboard a warship epitomized' this
way:
-Clear the way, disturbers of the
peace; let us protect Indo-China
from international intrigue!"
This was the overwhelming senti-
ment of the Navy as described in
radioed dispatches from correspond-
ent Fusuo Oya and published by the
authoritative news agency Domei.
Here in the Capital, even United
States economic measures against
Japan took second place in the press
to news from Batavia that the Dutch
East Indies had ended the agreement
providing for large oil shipments to
'Japan.
Dutch Action
This action of the Dutch colnial
government (which will permit ship-
ments of oil only under specific gov-
ernment~ approval followed closely
upon .new and stricter rationing of
gasoline for the relatively few private
cars operating. It seemed likely that
taxicabs would be limited to seven
;allons of gasoline a month, begin-
ning in August.
American and other foreign firms
whose assets had been frozen in re-
taliation for similar action by the
British-U.S. bloc of nations were
virtually at a standstill, and there
were no clear indications as to when
jhey would be able to operate again.
U. S. Assets
American citizens without a supply
of money simply were doing without.
The only U.S. firms whose assets
were not blocked were those -more
than 50 percent owned by Japanese
interests, such as plants of the In-
ternational General Electric.
As to the adtion of the Dutch East
Indies it was jasserted here the colo-
nial ,government was a tool of the
United States and Britain, and it
gas clear the situation was becom-
ing more tense.
Judith C. Waller
Will Speak Today
Miss Judith C. Waller, educational
director for the central division of
the National Broadcasting Company,
will arrive in Ann Arbor today to
speak in the Rackham Amphitheatre
at 4:15 p.m. Highlighting the radio
assemblies held thus far. Miss Waller

Dr. MacNider
Will Continue
fLecture Series
Dr. William deB. MacNider, Kenan
Research Professor of Pharmacology
and Dean of the University of North
Carolina Medical School, will offer
the second in a series of three lec-
tures here at 4:15 p.m. today in
Room 154 of the Chemistry Building
discussing "The Ageing Process and
Tissue Resistance."
Tomorrow's lecture will deal with
"The Adjustability of the Life Proc-
ess to Injurious Agents."
Dean MacNider's lectures, which
are being sponsored by the College
of Pharmacology here, are concerned
with the general subject of "The
Acquired Resistance of Tissue Cells"
which he has been studying for sev-
eral."years. Last May he was awarded
the Kober Medal of the Association,
of American Physicians for his work
in this field.. d
Past president of the American So-
ciety for Pharmacology and Experi-
mental Therapeutics, Dean MacNider
is the winner of both the Gibbs Prize
and the medal of the Southern Medi-
cal Association.
Pollard Will Give
Medical Lecture
,Dr. H. Marvin Pollard, Professor
of Internal Medicir in the Univer-
sity, will present the fourth medical
lecture at 8 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall, speaking on "Di-
agnosis of StomTch Disorders."
Through the use of slides, Dr. Pol-
lard will show a number of the com-
mon symptoms found in stomach
disorders, the X-ray appearances of
these diseases, and the appearance
of thestomach through the flexible
gastrorcope.
In addition, Dr. Pollard will dis-
cuss methods of making diagnoses of
diseases of the stomach, and their
treatment.
Concert Will Be Offered
At Freiich Club Meeting
Fourth meeting of the Summer
Session French Club will be held at
8 gsp.m. tomorrow at Le Foyer Fran-
cais, 1414 Washtenaw.
Opening the program will be a
joint recital of modern French music
offered by George Poinar and Wil-
liam Belier, violinist and pianist, re-
spectively, of the School of Music
faculty. Fallowing this, Francis W.
Gravit of the romance languages de-
partment, will give a talk with rec-
ords on "Lully et l'opera francais du
7emensiecle."

Prof. Edward S. Corwin of Prince-
ton University will deliver the lastj
lecture of the week for the Graduate
Study Program in Public Policy in
a World at War at 4:15 p.m. today
in the Lecture Hall of the Rackham
School on "Some Aspects of the
Presidency."
Graduating from the University
here in 1900 as president of his class,
Professor Corwin took his doctorate
at the University of Pennsylvania in
1905. On the twenty-fifth anniver-
sary of his graduation the University
honored him at commencement by
awarding him an LL.D. degree.
From 1901 to 1902 Professor Cor-
win was instructor of history at
Brooklyn Polytechnical Institute. In
1905 he was one of the original group
of preceptors called to Princeton by
Woodrow Wilson. He was preceptor
in history, politics and economics
there from 1905 to 1911, when he
became professor of politics. Since
1918 he has been McCormick pro-
fessor of jurisprudence.
At various times Professor Corwin
has lecturede at Yenching University
in Peiping, China, Hamilton College,
the University ofi Rochester and Cor-
nell, Yale, Harvard, Johns Hopkins,
Boston and New York universities.
Adviser to the Public Works Ad-
ministration on constitutional ques-
Berlin Claims
Belmonte Note
,Was Forgery
Roosevelt Repudiates Plan
To Take Over Control
Of Neighbor Republics
BELIN, July 29.-(A')-Germany
opened a general campaign for South
American sympathy today by advis-
ing all Latin-American governments
in an identical note that it regards
the Bolivian Belmonte Note as a

tions in 1935, Professor Corwin was
special assistant to the Attorney Gen-
eral of the U.S. in 1936 and con-
sultant to the Attorney General on
constitutional questions in 1937.
Among other works and a host of
articles for periodicals, Professor
Corwin published "National Suprem-
acy-Treaty-Power vs. State Power"
in 1913, "The Doctrine of Judicial

l
i
1

EDWARD S. CORWIN

forgery.
"By. order of the Reich's govern-
ment," said this communication "I
(the German representative in each
case) have the honor to bring to your
attention the attached copy of a
note which the' German Charge d'-
Affaires in La Paz directed to the
Bolivian government because of its
action; against the German minister
there.
"The Reich's government regards
it advisable to direct the attention
of the governmentrto theincident
described in the note, which is un-
precedented in international inter-
course."
(The German Foreign Office pro-
tested to Bolivia yesterday against
"the falsification in the crudest
manner possible" of a letter which
was connected with the Bolivian
government's dismissal on a treason
charge of its military and air at-
tache to Berlin, Major Elias Bel-
monte Pabon, and the expulsion from
Bolivia of the German minister,
Ernst Wendler.
(Wendler was expelled by the Bo-
livian government acting against an
alleged plot for a Nazi putsch. The
Major denied yesterday in Berlin
that he had written the letter to
Wendler, or had maintained revo-
lutionary relations with the minis-
~ter.) f
Meanwhile President Roosevelt and
the State Department hastened to-
day to repudiate a suggestion by
Senator Clark (Dem.-Idaho) that
the United States "take over con-
trol" of Latin America and Canada,
perhaps by setting up puppet govp.
ernments.

Review" in 1914, "French Policy and
the American Alliance" in 1916, "The
President's Control of Foreign Rela-
tions" in 1917, "John Marshall and
the Constitution" in 1919, "The Con-
stitution and What It Means Today"'
in 1920, "The President's Removal
Power" in 1927, "Democratic Dogha
and Other Essays" in 1930, "The
Twilight of the Supreme Court" in
1934, "The Commerce Power vs. State
Rights" in 1936, . and "Court Over
Constitution" in 1938.
Villare' Trip
Set For Today
Excursion To Greenfield
Will Be Given 'Encore'
Students who were unable 'to at-
tend the excursion to Greenfield Vil-
lage July 23 will have an opportunity
to make the Dearborn trip today.
They will see the same things as
were taken in on the first excursion.
Eighth University excursion will be
a trip to the state prison at Jack-
son, which will take place Saturday
August 2.
Busses will leave at 8 a.m. from
the front of Angell Hall and return
at 1 p.m. and expenses for the trip
will be $1.25. Registration for this
excursion must be made in Room
1213 Angell Hall before 5 p.m. Friday.
At the prison, the students will be
shown the main cell block,tthe din-
ing room, kitchens, athletic fields,
workshops and handicraft shops.
Several short talks will be given
by prison officials on the conduct of
the prison and its educational system.
U.S. Advancing
Toward War,
Churchill Says
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, July 29.-Prime Minis-
ter Winston Churchill told the Brit-
ish in a thunderous outpouring of
words that the United States "is
giving us aid on a gigantic scale and
is advancing in rising wrath and con-
viction to the very verge of war" on
Germany. But he warned his people
solemnly that they must count on
their own strength to repel any
September invasion gamble by Ger-
many.
Successfully, he defended his gov-
ernment's direction of industry and
labor toward total war organization
in a long and trenchant speech which
inundated all but the sharpest peaks
of Parliamentary criticism. He ended
on a high note of resolve to, if need
be, "proffer the last drop of our
heart's blood" for Britain.
The Prime Minister refused flatly
to name a super-minister of produc-
tion, which a large number of his
press and Parliamentary critics had
demanded. He declared such an ap-
pointment would be a "fake and
fraud on the public" and challenged
the House of Commons to a vote of
confidence on the matter.
The debate on production ended
quickly without a vote and thus

Bridie Comedy To Open Run
At Lydia Mendelssohn Today
Featuring Ann Arbor's favorite ca-Reed as a port officer, Paul Black-

Advance Near Smolensk

nine actress, Crab, in the title role,
the 100th production of the Michigan
Repertory Players of the speech de-
partment, James Bridie's "Storm
Over Patsy," will be presented at
8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.
Purchased from the dog pound by
Prof. William P. Halstead of the
speech department, Crab has long
been a favorite of local audiences in
such plays as "Two Gentlemen of
Verona," " . . . One Third of a Na-
tion," "The World We Make," ana
"Hansel and Gretel."
In "Storm Over Patsy," Crab plays
a mongrel whose dog tax becomes
the source of misgivings to a large
number of people. A reporter's job
on a newspaper, two divorces, the
imprisonment of several individuate
and the election of a member t-o
Parliament finally hinge on a trial
involving the dog tax.
Based on the German play "Sturm
in Wasserglas" by Bruno Frank, who
is in exile in the United States, the
play is under the direction of Prof.
Claribel Baird of the speech depart-
ment at the Oklahoma College for
Women. Alexander Wyckoff is in
charge of scenery while Evelyn Co-
hen is costumiere.
Among the featured performers in
"Storm Over Patsy" are June Madi-
son as Mrs. Flanagan, James Moll as
Francis Burton, Clara Behringer as
Victorial Thomson, Lillian Canon as,
Mrs. Skirving, William Altman as
Provost Thomson and George Sha-
piro as Mr. Skirving.
Others who will be seen in the play-
are Marjorie Adams as Maggie, Hol-
lister Smith as Mr. McKeller, Roger.

I

burn as clerk of the court, John
Weimer as sheriff, Herbert London as
procurator Fiscal, Robert Rittenour
as Mr. Menzies, K. C., Marvin Levy{
as a solicitor, John Sinclair as Mr.l
Cassidy, and Merle Webb as a police-
man.
In England, where the play was an
outstanding success, it was calledt
"Storm In a Teacup," but it wasl
felt that American audiences would1
not be familiar with the allusion. 1
Tickets are on sale for $.75,' $.50
nd $.35 at the box office of the Lydia;
Mendelssohn Theatre at the League.
Dark Horses
Take National
I eague Flag
Will Play In World Series
Against Tigers Monday;
Saltis, Richards To Pitch
By A. P. BLAUSTEIN
Overpowering the Physics squad
by a score of 10 to 7, the Dark Horses
captured the Intramural Nation-
al League pennant yesterday and
earned the right to meet the Ameri-
can League Tigers in a "Little World
Series" at 4:15 p.m. Monday at South
Ferry Field.
The World Series, a traditional
feature of the I-M's Summer Session
program, will determine the 1941
campus softball championship.
From all indications, Monday's
contest promises to be a pitchers'
battle between the two leading hurl-
ers of both leagues, Larry Saltis of
the Tigers and Marie Richards of
the Dark Horses. Both moundsmen{
have also been outstanding at the
plate holding the home run records
in their respective circuits.
Other I-M stars who will be seen
in the game are Tigers Russ Waters,
third baseman and manager; Mickey
Evans, catcher, and Steve Glaza,
shortstop. Heading the Dark Hqrses
lineup are second baseman Vance
Hiney, catcher Al Rudness and form-
er Wolverine halfback Dave Strong,
who is playing center field. t
During the campaign the Tigers
downed the Blitzkriegers, 13 to 6;
the Indians; 21 to 6; the Chemists,
11 to 3; the Legal Eagles, 15 to 4,
and the Curriculum Workshop team,
17 to 0. BefQre yesterday's contest
with the Physcists, the Dark Horses
beat Ox Lodge, 3 to 2; the Pretzel
Benders, 11 to 10, and Cicero's Pups,'
13 to 7.
Cochrane Wins Title Bout
NEWARK, N. J., July 29.(P)
Freddie Cochrane,. a rugged redhead
with a left hand that works overtime,
won the World Welterweight Cham-
pionship from Fritzie Zivic tonight
in a rough and tumble 15-round
brawl at Ruppert Stadium. Zivic
weighed 145; Cochrane 1421/2.

Quaker Group
To Visit Local
Coo preratives
Several members of the Quaker
Work Camp at the Circle Pines Co-
op will come to Ann Arbor today to
make a study of Michigan's campus
cooperative movement.
A discussion meeting for all visi-,
tors will be held at 8 p.m. today at
the Rochdale Co-op after which in-
formation will be 'given on the actual
operations of the 12 student houses
here.
Tomorrow they will have medita-
tion at Lane Hall ag guests of the
Friends' Society and the Fellowship
of Reconciliation, and in the after-
noon they will leave for Detroit to
inspect the cooperatives there.
University stuidents who will help
in distributing co-op information are
Hap Griggs, Owen House; Dan Le-
vinne, Congress' House; Joan Fer-
geson, Pickeril House; Alice Beger,
Murial Lester Housei Betty Guntly,
Palmer House; Marvin Lerner, Linc-
oln House: William itz, Brandeis
House; Charles Congdon, Michigan
House, and Les Matson, Stalker
House.

Unofficial Sources Declare
Germans Thrown Back
As Much As 100 Miles
Soviet Annihilation
Claimed By Berlin
MOSCOW, Wednesday, July 30.--
()-The German advance generally
has been checked and Nazi divisions
in many places have been forced to
retreat, the Soviet government said
today as the Red Army announced it
had thrown the Germans out of their
trenches in the Smolensk sector on
the front before Moscow.
Vice Commissar for Foreign Affairs
S. A. Lozovsky, who also is official
spokesman for the press, declared
leading Reichswehr units had been
driven into retreat by strong Soviet
tank forces.
Unofficial advices reported that
at some points German units -had
been thrown back as much as 100
miles from positions once reached
by Nazi spearheads.
One large-scale Red Army offen-
sive was reported in which the Rtis-
sians recaptured city "N" from the
German invaders after a two-day
battle involving infantry, artillery
and armored forces.
Official Analysis
Lozovsky, giving an official analy-
sis of the situation on the long,
bloody front, declared more than
9,000,000 men were locked in battle,
with the lines swaying in a highly
mobile campaign of attack and coun-
ter-attack.:
This sixth week of the war, he
said, is characterized by mobility,
and there are no signs anywhere of,
a "frozen front." Trenches have
been dug in some sectors, he said, +
but they are intended as; sprhig-
boards for action and not for posi-
tional warfare.
A series of Russian counter-at-
tacks, said-Lozovsky, have hurled the
Germans back in their main drives,
and action is continuing along the
front at other places on the flanks
in the German rear.
Some German units were reported
encircled.
Eno'ugh To Spare
Despite German claims of destruc-
tion of the Russian air force and
tank power and manpower, Lozovky
declared "we still have enough to
spare of all of these."
The Red Army in its daily com-
munique announced the Germans
were thrown out of their trenches in
the vital Smolensk area in particu-
larly heavy fighting Monday and
Tuesday during which Nazi losses
were heavy.
* -* *
Russian Annihilation
Claimed By Germans
BERLIN, July 29.-()-The Ger-
man Army was reported tonight to
have virtually annihilated' Russian
'forces encircled in the Smolensk area
and to have pressed forward to cre-
ate chaos in a surprise attack on the
multiple track rail line to Moscow.
German advance units, said the
official news agency DNB, made the
surprise attack east of Smolensk on
July 26, destroying 20 fully-laden
freight trains with 1,200 cars, a
thousand trucks and a great mass of
Soviet war materials.
Nearby roads were said to be
jammed with Russian columns when
the Germans opened fire, resulting,
DNB said, "in mad confusion as
shells burst among marching troops,
trucks caught fire and boxcars lod-
ed with munitions exploded."
DNB also reported a terrific one-
hour battle between Russian tanks
and a German anti-tank unit ad-
vancing southwest of Smolensk in.
the Mogilev area Monday, resulting
in destruction of 83 Russian tanks.

The High Command, reporting
progress in each of its four main
drives into Russia, stated the trapped
Russians in the Smolensk region
"have been vitually wiped out," and
informed quarters added that at-
tempts of remaining trapped troops
to break out of the ring have been
repulsed with bloody losses.
Finns Claim Extensive
Territorial "Seses

Mosely Discusses United States
As Viewed By Other Nations

Campus Feels Repercussions
Of Peru-Ecuador Border War

By KARL KESSLER
Repercussions of the border war
between far off Ecuador and Peru
were felt on the campus yesterday
when the 31 Ecuadorean students at
ithe Internation'al Center Summer
School received news of critical war
conditions at home.
Letters received from friends and
relatives in the South American re-
public painted vivid and disturbing
pictures of a once peaceful nation
girditgg for all-out war.
All students and eligible young
men, the letters indicated, have been
called to the colors, and several inti-
mate friends of Ecuadorean students
here are already numbered among

that they would be sent official in-
structions within the next few days.
Speaking of conditions in warring
Ecuador, Dr. Miguel Albornoz,. col-
umnist for "El Comercio," promi-
nent Quito daily newspaper, and or-
ganizer of the Quito 'group here,
pointed out that the army had al-
ready requisitioned all private auto-
mobiles in Ecuador, and that his
country was launching an "all-out"
war in "defense of her territories."
News received from soldiers return-
ing from the war front, Dr. Albornoz
indicated, told of alleged Japanese
and Italian participation in' the war
on the side of Peru.
(Similar reports have during the

By HARRY M. KELSEY
What the rest of the world thinks
of us was discussed by Prof. Philip
E. Mosely of Cornell University in
his lecture yesterday for the Grad-
uate Study .Program in Public Pol-
icy in a World 4t War on "The United
States as Viewed by Other Nations."
"In times like the present," Pro-
fessor Mosely told, "it is especially
important for us to know what peo-
ple think of us, but more particularly,
how, by what processes of reflection
and feeling, they think of us. We
are engaged in a tremendous effort
to win friends and influence people
on a world-wide scale."
"We too are involved in the guess-
ing-game of trying to predict what
other peoples think and what they
will do," he continued, "and we
sometimes forget that statesmen and

He summarized the reason for the
foreigner's bewilderment in a series
of paradoxes: "The American's en-
ergy in the work of technical and
material creation combined with a
cultural passivity and a cultural uni-
formity which puzzle the European;
the high American standard of living
built up on an economic system
which is exceptionally vulnerable to
great upward and downward swings;
an unprecedented level of comfort
and demand for comfort joined with
a neurotic feeling of individual in-
security.
"A remarkable degree of equality
of opportunity and of comradely ease
of contact side by side with obvious
forms of racial and cultural discrim-
ination; a readiness to experiment,
to try to make things work without

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