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July 13, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-13

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Weather
Fair and Warmer

ig

Bk ian

iIaiti

Editorial
British Control
Of Gibraltar ..

m Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 17 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 13, 1940
U 6:

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Year's

Intensive

Training Planned
For Guardsmen

Fresh Air Camp Boys
Prepare For Tag Drive
One Hundred, Will.Invade Ann Arbor On Tuesday
To Raise Funds In Annual Campaign

Laval, Weygand, Marquet
Placed In Petain Cabinet;
Nazi Air Raids Continue

Roosevelt, Stimson Decide
To Call 50,000 National
Guards To Camps Soon
Authority Needed
From Congress
WASHINGTON, July 12.-(M)-A
decision to call about 50,000 National
Guardsmen to camps as soon as pos-
sible for perhaps a year's intensive
training was reached today by Pres-
ident Roosevelt and his new Secre-
tary of War, Henry L. Stimson.
The decision is contingent upon
approval by Congress, which would
have to authorize the unprecedented
peacetime step. The authority will
be asked when Congress reconvenes
after the Democratic national con-
vention.
Stephen Early, presidential secre-
tary, announced the decision and
said that four divisions, seven anti-
aircraft regiments, and an undeter-
mined number of harbor defense
regiments would be called.
Location Of Divisions
One division, he said, will come
from New York and New Jersey, a
second from Tennessee and the
Carolinas, a third from New Mexico,
Oklahoma, Arizona and Colorado,
and the fourth from Oregon, Wash-
ington, Montana and Idaho.
Once their training is completed,
he said, consideration will be given
to the question of extensing the
training to other guard units.
The training will be designed to
familiarize the guardsmen with mod-
ern weapons and military practices
and is expected also to fit them for
training the thousands of conscripts
who will be called to service if Con-
gress enacts a compulsory military
training law.
Conscription Endorsed
Both - the Army and Navy high
commands have endorsed conscrip-
tion. Testifying before the ;Senate
Military Committee, Gen. George C.
Marshall, Army Chief of Staff, said
today that it was essential to the
national defense.
The divisions mentioned by Early
are the 44th, 30th, 45th, and 41st.
A War Department spokesman said,
however,' that' their selection for
training was entirely tentative.
If Congress approves the plan, he
said, the question of which units to
call will be reexamined in the light
of facilities available at that time.
Culture Group
To Enter Third
Week Of Talks
Prof. Whicher To Lecture
On 'Native Impulses
In American literature'
Beginning the third week of lec-
tures and round table discussions
of the Graduate Study Program in
American Culture and Institutions,
Prof. George F. Whicher of Amherst
College's English department will
speak on "Native Impulses in Amer-
ican Literature" at 8:15 p.m. Mon-
day.
Tuesday's lectures will be given
by Dr. Dumas Malone, Director of
the Harvard University Press, and
Prof. Mentor L. Williams of the Eng-
lish department. Dr. Malone, at 4:15
p.m., will talk on "Talent in Motion"
and Professor Williams, at 8:15 p.m.,
will tell of "American Humor and
National Sanity."
On Wednesday, Dr. Malone will
speak at 4:15 p.m. on "Women and

the American Scene," while Prof.
DeWitt H. Parker of the philosophy
department will, lecture on "Some
Trends in American Aesthetics" at
8:15 p.m.'
Concluding the week's lecture,
Daniel Catton Rich, director of fine
arts at the Art Institute of Chicago,
will talk at 4:15 p.m. Thursday on
"The Great American Loneliness: A
Study of the Psychology of Native
Painting." He will illustrate his lec-
fi,.. with hnar_r-ninr.r s<lir I

'Beyond Horizon'
To Conclude Run.
At Mendelssohn
Eugene ONeill's noted psychologi-
cal drama, "Beyond the Horizon,"
concludes its four-day run at 8:30
p.m. today in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre under the direction of David
D. Itkin, chairman of the drama de-
partment of DePaul University.
The O'Neill play, a Broadway suc-
cess and Pulitzer Prize winner, is
the Michigan , Repertory Players'
third production in the current sum-
mer drama session under the aus-
pices of the speech department. Next
week the Players present Elmer
Rice's "Two on an Island."
"Beyond the Horizon" stars Ar-
thur Klein, John Schwarzwalder
and Mary Jordan.
Others in the cast include Everett
S. Courtright and June Madison as
Mr. and Mrs. Mayo; Henry Patter-
son as Captain Dick, Mrs. Mayo's
brother; Elizabeth Greene as Mrs.
Atkins, Ruth's mother; William Kin-
ber as Ben, a farm hand; and Tom
Battin as Dr. Fawcett.
Money Expert
Was Director
Of Reich Bank
Melchior Palyi, To Speak
Monday, Was Leading
Economist In Germany
The career of the Hungarian
economist, Dr. Melchior Palyi, who
did his greatest work in pre-Hitler
Germany, and who speaks here at
4:15 p.m. Monday at the Rackham
Lecture Hall, is a study in important
positions.
Dr. Palyi will lecture in the third
of the current American Policy Series
on "The Significance for the United
States of Totalitarian Economic Pol-
icy."
The famed economist, ranked as
old Germany's leading financial ex-
pert, is author of numerous mono-
graphs and articles on monetary the-
ory, inflation, balances of payments,
and related subjects.
He served as technical expert of
a German commission to stabilize
the mark after the historic inflation
in the post-war Reich. Until 1933
(when the Nazi regime came into
power) he was Pirofessor in the
Graduate School of Commerce at
Berlin, and also, Chief Economist
of the Deutsche Bank and Disconto
Gesellschaft, the largest banking
institution in Germany.
With the advent of Hitler, Dr. Pal-
yi left Germany for a position with
a London bank. Since coming to the
United States he has been Visiting
Professor of Economics at the Uni-
versity of Chicago.

By NORMAN A. SCHORR
One hundred strong, the young
men of the University of Michigan
Fresh Air Camp made ready last
night for their annual invasion of
Ann Arbor, Tuesday. so that more
youths, like themselves, may enjoy
the privileges of outdoor life on Pat-
terson Lake.
The Fresh Air Camp boys, with
three weeks of sun tn and whole-
some food under their belts, will
come here accompanied by their
counselors. They will canvass the
campus and the downtown district,
selling tags with the familar Fresh
Air Camp youngster pictured on it.
This is the Camp's 20th year, and
in that time more than 6500 under-
privileged and maladjusted boys
from this area have been given the
opportunity to get away from the
city stiets and to live healthy, happy
vacations on the Camp's 180 acre-
location, 25 miles west of Ann Arbor.
Source Of Income
Tag Days, such as the one to be
held here Tuesday constitute one of
the Camp's principal sources of in-
come, and the boys, their counsel-
ors and camp officials say "we're
depending on you, Ann Arbor."
Camp officials are enthusiastic and
hope for the "best summer Tag Day
in our history."
The camp season is divided in
two, with two groups of 140 boys
spending four week period at the
camp. The second group of boys will
start Monday, July 22.
Counselling these boys through a
full outdoor program of swimming,
boating, hiking and nature study
are 35 experienced University grad-
uate students, most of whom are
school teachers. These men are en-
rolled in education and sociology
courses on the camp site, which are
directed by Prof. Wilbur D. West, of
Wittenberg College, Springfield, O.,
and Dr. Stuart Lottier, of Detroit
Recorder's Court. They keep a full
day-to-day record of the boys signif-
icant behavior characterists and peri-
odic conferences are held to develop
accurate diagnoses.
Aims Of Camp
The aims of the camp are better
citizenship, development of leader-
ship, eliminnation of motivations for
delinquency, community cooperation
and conditioning of "happier heal-
thier and more useful citizens."
The Camp Committee is headed by
Lectures On Fuel
To Be Held Today
Discussions of fuels an fuel feed
systems will highlight the third
week's program of the Internal Com-
bustion Engine Institute sponsored
by the engineering college.
Scheduled to speak at a general
meeting of combustion engineers at
9 a.m. today in the Rackham Amphi-
thaeter are two outstanding research
engineers in this field. F. C. Mock of
the Bendix Aviation Corporation will
discuss aircraft engine fuel feeds,
followed by W. G. Lovell of the re-
search division of General Motors
who will speak on high octane fuels.

Prof. Fredinand Menefee of the en-
gineering college and includes Dr.
Edawrd W. Blakeman, Counselor Re-
ligious Education; Prof. Lowell J.
Carr, director of the Michigan Child
Guidance Institute; Track Coach
Ken; Dr. Warren E. Forstythe, di-
rector of the Health Service; Dr.
George A. May, of the physical edu-
cation department; Prof. Howard Y.
McClusky, of the education school;
Mr. Ken Mogan, director of the
Student Religious Association;Mr.
Clark Tibbits, director of the Insti-
tute for Human Adjustment; Mr.
Herbert P. Wagner, University ac-
countant; and Prof. Leigh J. Young,
of the forestry' school.
Cooperating welfare agencies in-
clude: the Family Protective Asso-
ciation. Wyandotte; Dodge Commun-
ity House, Detroit; Consultation Bu-
reau, Detroit; Detroit Orthopaedic
Clinic; Perry Center, Ann Arbor;
'Probate Court, Detroit; Jewish So-
cial Service Agencies, Detroit; Royal
Oak Township Family Service As-
sociation; Neighborhood Club, Grosse
Pointe, and Councils of Social Agen-
cies in Dearborn, Ecorse, Hamtram-
ick and River Rouge.
Committeemen
For Summer
Parley To Meet
Preparation Luncheon Set
For 12:15 P.M. Today;
OpeningSession Friday
A preparation luncheon for facul-
ty and student committee members
of the Summer Parley will be held
at 12:15 p.m. today in the Union,
Helen Corman, general chairman,
announced yesterday. :
The Parley, which will consider,
"This War We Live In," will hold its
opening session Friday at the Union
with afternoon and evening panel
sessions Saturday evening on educa-
tion, civil liberties, religion and the
national election.
One of three yearly Student Senate
sponsored discussion groups, the
Summer Parley is also under the
auspices of the honorary faculty
senators: Prof. Charles M. Davis,
Prof. Arthur Smithies, Dean Erich
A. Walter, Prof. Richard Fuller and
Prof. Mentor Williams.
The student committeemen who
will attend the luncheon to discuss
Parley plans are: Norman A. Schorr,
Steering Committee chairman; An-
abel Hill, posters and programs; Rob-
ert S. Rosa, education; Tom Downs,
personnel; Daniel Suits, Religion
chairman; Dorothy Saanken, educa-
tion; Joseph Fauman, civil liberties
chairman; Dave Stocking, religion;
Harry M. Kelsey, education; and J.
B. Geisel, education chairman.
Among the members of the faculty
who will attend are -Prof. Arthur
Smithies, and Prof. H. B. Calder-
wood of the political science depart-
ment; Prof. Antoine Jobin of the
French department; Prof. Fritz Reidl
of the education school; Prof. Law:
rence E. Preuss of the political sci-
ence department; Dr. Edward Blake-
man, religious counselor of educa-
tion; Prof. Howard M. Ehrmann,
of the history department; Prof. H.
B. Woolston and Prof. Arthur Van
Duren of the German department.
Summer Band
Offers Concert
To Hold Initial Program
In Hill Auditorium
High school musicians, 136 strong
and representing nine states now

enrolled in the fifth annual Univer-
sity sponsored High School Band
Clinic will present the first concert
of the summer season at 4:15 p.m.
tomorrow in Hill Auditorium.
Sponsored by the School of Music
and under the direction of Prof.
William D. Revelli, the clinic faculty
this summer is headed by Erik W.
Leidzen of New York as associate
conductor.
Members of the Clinic faculty are:
Clifford P. Lillya of Marshall High,

Gernan Bombers
Attack To Soi
Great Britain An

Carry
Ithwest
d Wales

Planes During Day
Strike At Scotland
(By the Associated Press)
LONDON, July 13 (Saturday).-
German bombers carried their blast-
ing attacks on Great Britain into
Southwest England and Wales last
night after striking deadly blows
yesterday at hardy, industrialized
Scotland.
The ministry of home security re-.
ported early today that Nazi air-
craft dropped bombs last night "on
places in southwest of England and
in Wales . . . little damage was caused
and casualties are believed to have
been slight."
Other Planes Reported
Planes believed to have been Ger-
man also were reported over North-
east England.
The Germans yesterday smashed
again, as they have done, day after
day, at British shipping on the east
and south coasts.
The most savage blows were aimed
in Northeast Scotland, where at least
10 persons were reported killed. This
attack may have been directed from
German bases in Stavanger, Nor-
way, at which for weeks British air-
men have been pounding method-
ically.
Tonight eleven of the raiders were
reported officially to have been shot
down. Two British planes were miss-
ing.
Air Ministry Summarizes
An Air Ministry communique thus.
summarized the destruction of these
Nazi craft, and illustrated how far
they had ranged over Britain:
Six shot down while they were
attacking a convoy off the southeast
coast; one sent to earth in flames
on the outskirts of a Scottish post;
three off the southeast coast; one
shot down into the sea by coastal
aircraft.
At the same time, however, the
loss of three other British planes in
a heavy assault last night on German
munitions works, airdromes, blast
furnaces and other objectives was
acknowledged.
Rough Outline Emerges
By these new raids in Scottish
areas, a rough outline of the Nazi
program seemed to emerge: a series
of rotating attacks designed to hit
every so often every section of the
British Isles.
The Scottish fatalities were de-
scribed ominously in the phrase. "as
far as is known" and it was clear
that the list of the dead and injured
there might be much higher.
How many other casualties had
occurred on the east, southeast and
southern coasts was not permitted
to be published.
Unofficial tabulations of the slain
in raids - from June 18 up to this
evening showed 167 deaths.

Excursionists
Steam Ahead
On Lake Erie
Group Of 'T et-T
On Niagara Falls Trip
Find Weather Cool
(Special to The Daily)
ON BOARD THE SS GREATER
DETROIT IN LAKE ERIE, July 12-
Twenty - two excursionists donned
heavy sweaters and coats tonight to
brave the chill winds sweeping over
the lake as the sixth Summer Session
excursion ploughs its way through
choppy waters toward Buffalo and
Niagara Falls.
It's a man's paradise, eighteen of
the twenty-two Michiganders on
board being women. Some are dan-
cing to the music of the ship's or-
chestra as this is being written, while
others, of sterner metal, are literally
sneezing at the cool weather and
squally gusts on deck in order to see
the half moon in a clear sky cut a
path of silver, foamy whitecaps
across the dark void of Lake Erie.
Shortly after dinner in the ship's
spacious salon, the group found in-
teresting passing freighters and wav-
ed at the deck hands in passing, but
now, far out from where the ship-
ping lanes concregate to enter the
Detroit River, another boat is in-
frequently seen. Once in a while the
lights of a passing vessel can be made
out to one side or another.
Sanchez K.O.'s
Herb Giinore
Jack Dempsey Watches
Fight FromRingside
With Jack Dempsey, former hea-
vyweight champion looking on, fiery
Chick Sanchez, of Mexico, proved
himself a real threat to Benny Gold-
berg's State bantamweight crown by
kayoing "Irish" Herbie Gilmore, of
Cincinnati, in 2:48 of the fifth round
in the scheduled ten-rounil main go
at Sportsman Park last night.
Dempsey drove out unexpectedly
with State Boxing Commissioner J. J.
Hettche from Detroit, where he is
in training for his fight next week
with wrestler Bull Curry. Dempsey
looked in fine shape, and said he
was enjoying himself getting back
at wrestlers who had swung at him
while he refereed their bouts.
Sanchez had it all over his more
experienced opponent, and after
flooring Gilmore for a count of eight
with a right to the chin in the fifth,
(Continued on Page 4)

Vice-Premier Laval Will
Succeed Petain, Deeree
In OfficialJournal Say
Colson And Darlan
Are Also Chosen
By JOHN LLOYD
VICHY, France, July 12.-(AP-
By telephone to Bern)-Marshal
Henri Philippe Petain, using the
kingly "we," tonight named the cab-
inet to help' him rule authoritarian
France and chose Pierre Laval, canny
rightist and long-time apostle of
friendship with dictators, as his
right-hand man and ultimate suc-
cessor.
Twelve full ministers-including
Petain-were appointed, plus three
defense secretaries of state, The
new cabinet meets tomorrow.
Laval, as vice-premier, his post
in the last "defeat cabinet," heads
the list.
Gen. Maxime Weygand, former
Allied generalissimo, and Adrien
Marquet keep their posts of national
defense and minister of the interior,
respectively.
These three will be the key ad-
visors of the aged "hero of Verdun,"
it is expected.
By a decree in the official journal,
the 84-year-old Petain also named
Laval his eventual successor.
In the event Laval is not available
for the post, his successor will be
chosen by a majority of votes in
ministerial council.
Gen. Louis Colson, chief of staff
of the army in Republican France,
is secretary of state for war; Admiral
Jean Darlan, secretary of state for
the navy, and Gen. Bertrand Pujo,
secretary of state in charge of avia-
tion.
The decree which will appear ,to-
morrow in the official journal re-
ferring to Laval's right of succession
as chief of state, says:
"If for any cause whatsoever be-
fore the nation ratifies the new con-
stitution we (Petain) are impeded
from exercising the sanctions of
chief of state, Pierre Laval, vice-
president of the council of ministers,
will assume them in full right.
Religious Plan
Of University
SaidAdequate
Conference On Religion
Concludes With Forum
On Higher Education
Representative of every denomi-
nation and faith, the religious pro-
gram of the University has assumed
a more integrated and adequate pro-
gram and expanded facilities, mem-
bers of the forum on "Religion in
Higher-Education" agreed at the din-
ner meeting which closed the week's
session of the Sixth Annual Confer-
ence on Religion here yesterday.<
Popular interdenominational lec-
tures, expanding counseling servises,
increased student activity, the trends
of student religious opinion were cri-
ticized and evaluated by Dr. EdyWard
Blakeman, counselor in religious edu-
cation; Kenneth Morgan, director of
the Student Religious Association;
Dr. W. P. Lemon of the First Presby-
terian Church; Dr. 0. D. Foster, for-
mer secretary for church boards of
education; Prof. John F. Shepherd of
the psychology department; Rev. Ed-
win Wilson of Chicago; and Dr. John
Sundwall of the division of public
health and hygiene.
The materialistic, exclusively ob-
jective, naive and superficial ap-

proaches to religion and philosophy
of college and university students
were cited by the members of the
forum as challenges to progressive
present religious program.
Calling the community mind a
"split personality pursuing religion
on Sunday and the dollar during the
week," Rev. Edwin Wilson of Chica-
go opened the fifth afternoon forum

"i

Camp Filibert Roth Squad Wets
Feet In 'Swamp, Floats "Navy'

Bloomfield Simplifies Problem
Of Understanding The Phoneme

(Special to The Daily)
GOLDEN LAKE, July 12.-The
third week at Camp Filibert Roth,
the Uniersity's Forestry School Sum-
mer Camp, started with, class and
field work well under way.
The greater portion of the vicinity
of Camp has been visited by the
students in their daily field trips.
Mapping of the Mallard Lake re-
gion for fire control purposes has
acquainted the boys with swamp
and dry land timber types.
Although the mapping in the
swamp has wet many feet, the out-
door work and vigorous exercise has
resulted in an increase in appetite
and something to look forward to at
the end of the day--supper. In-
creases in weight have become ap-
parent and all of the boys are say-
ing "I feel better than I've ever felt
before."
Several events of importance have
nn.,,A n r. a nna, nin aAn Amn, na

fire" held on June 30 was acclaimed
by all as being a success. Michigan
and popular campfire songs were
sung in the glow of the campfire
and lantern light. Even though many
of the songs were unfamiliar to the
transfer students, they made up in
quantity what they lacked in quality.
The second "Campfire" held on
July 7 was taken over by the Mich-
igan Union Dormitory. Each week
one of the dormitories will present
a program as their contribution to
the contest and at the end of the
three weeks, the dormitory present-
ing the best program will be given
the traditional "Dinnygall," an im-
pressive yellow and blue pail. The
names of all the members of the
winning dormitory will be painted
on the "Dinnygall" and will be theirs
to keep until a better program is
presented by another dormitory. The
Michigan Union featured their Union
Jimy Rqa nrin am'rlijin to a, ctr

Prefacing his discussion of "The
Phoneme" with explanations of what
is meant by the scientific way of
looking at language, Professor Leon-
ard Bloomfield, head of the depart-
ment of linguistics at the University
of Chicago, last night delivered the
first of a series of five weekly lec-
tures which he is to give under the
auspices of the Linguistic Institute.
With the announcement that in
all his lectures he would seek to
speak to the layman and not to the
trained linguist, Professor Bloom-
field remarked that. two difficulties
confront the layman when he tries
to look at language. The first is that
because he is highly literate, he
thinks of language as writing. The
second is that because he himself
uses a certain language, he is too
sophisticated; he thinks of all lang-
uages in terms of his own language,
instead of seeing a language naively

'chin,' 'djinn,' 'bin,' 'din,' 'win,' 'sin,,
'shin,' and 'fin.' The elements that
make these differences are what are
recognized as phonemes."
After discussing briefly differing
opinions as to the exact nature of
the phoneme, Professor Bloomfield
declared it to the his opinion that
the clue to understanding this basic
linguistic concept is ultimately to be
found not subjectively apprehended
points of mutual exclusiveness or re-
semblances but rather in the object-
ive criteria to be determined by labo-
ratory techniques.
Professor Bloomfield offered also
his modification of a linguistic gen-
eralization long accepted by many
scholars, namely, that phonetic laws
have no exceptions. A better state-
ment, he said, would be simply that
phonemes change. It is clear from
dialect grography that phonemes do
not change over a wide area. Wide-

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