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July 04, 1940 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-04

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THE MICHIGAN DAITA:

THURSDAY, JULY 4

MICHIGAN DAILY

Washington Merry-Go-Round

Grin And Bear It

By Lichty

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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
Student Publications. -"
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or' not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, s
iecond class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
$4.00; 'y mail, $4.50. 1
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL. ADVERSISING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Pablishers Representative
420 MA sO AVIE ANEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO ' fioR -Los ANGELES-;°SAN FRAXCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff
Managing Editor..............Carl Petersen
City-Editor ......Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors .... Harry M. Kelsey, Karl
Kessler, David I. Zeitlin, Suzanne Potter,
Albert, P. Blaustein, Chester Bradley.
Business Staff
Business Manager............Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: A. P. BLAUSTEIN

Canada's Defense
And Ours ..

A SERIES OF DAILY News dispatches
from Canada, describing the thor-
oughly justified alarm of our northern neighbors
as they contemplate a possible collapse of British
resistance, have a lesson for this country.
Most Canadians, like some Americans, hae
always admitted the 'fundainental fact of this
continent's relation to British sea power in the
Atlantic. Yet their present state of feeling is a
sudden if not somewhat panicky sentiment, in
which there are mingled both shock and in-
credibility. It has always been obvious to Cana-
dian leaders that, if" the bulwark of British
might were removed, the threat of their nation's
security would be immediate and transcendent.
Yet it is still surprisingly hard for the alert
Canadian with his empire ties of loyalty and
tradition, to give full emotional assent to the
objective possibility.,
The attitude is excellently summed up in a
natio'al address that the minister of justice,
Ernest La Pointe, gave only this week:
"Who would have thought last autumn, when
England and France were preparing themselves
with us for a war of attrition behind the Maginot
Line, that the aspect of the war would be
changed so brusquely? Who would have thought
that; nine days after the entry into the war of
Italy, Canada, a country of America, would be
compelled to mobilize her men and her resources
to insure the defense of her own territory. .
"But all that . . . is now of only relative im-
portance. At this hour we are faced with a
more brutal reality.. .Until now we have always
relied on the British fleet for the protection of
our soil and our freedom... Behind this mobile
bulwark we have grown and come of age. ..I side
with those who believe in ultimate victory...
But, meanwhile, Britian needs her fleet for the
defense of her island home. That means' that
until the British Navy is free to act we must
insure our own protection. ...°
And it means, plainly, that if Britian should
succumb, Canada must continue indefinitly to
"insure her own protection."
It is this grim possibility that has turned all
Canadian eyes southward. Canadians realize,
far more acutely than must United States citi-
zens, that "insuring our own protection" on this
continent, let alone in this hemisphere, is a stu-
pendous task, and one for which our prepar-
ations must now start almost from scratch. They
knew that, because their own war effort has from
the beginning been tail to the British kite, and
based on the disastrously mistaken assumption
of a long war of blockade and attrition, Canada's
preparations of this unexpected war are as chao-
tic and embryonic, nearly, as the preparedness of
the United States.
They. understand above all that, because of
their small-scale industry; and other limitations
natural to a country of 12,000,000 population,
the defense efforts that have, by harsh necessity,
been disrupted from their British connections,
must forthwith and completely be joined to
those of the United States.
Presumably our leaders at Washington are
cognizant of this situation, and are moving to
meet it. Mr. Roosevelt has repeatly given as-
surances that we would unhesitatingly join
Canada in resisting aggression. But the public,
on both sides of the border would appreciate a
more substantial inkling of definite plans and
preparations for any eventuality. There is much
discussion of increased co-operation, including
possible defensive alliances, but what evidence
Is there that practical and swift measures are
being adopted? Meanwhile, Canada's prepara-
tions suffer painfully from shortage of indus-
trial resources and lack of mechanical equip-
ment, and her financial position is strained as
her dollar drops to 79 cents on American ex-
change..

By DREW PEARSON and ROBERT S. ALLEN
WASHINGTON: For Senator Bob Taft and his
desperately battling floor managers, the inside
story of those last hours of balloting at the GOP
convention is a tragedy of unrealized "ifs". There
were four crucial moments when one of these
"ifs" might have changed the outcome of the
dramatic tug-of-war.
THE FIRST was during the 7 to 8:30 P.M. re-
cess between the second and third ballots. Taft's
managers frantically tried to get hold of Joe
Pew, Pennsylvania boss, who privately had voic-
ed determined opposition to Willkie. A swing of
even part of the large Keystone delegation to
Taft on the next ballot would have had tre-
mendous psychological effect on the teetering
convention.
This was the crucial interval when all the
leaders'were furiously engaged in behind-the-
scenes parleys. But Pew was nowhere to be found.
Finally a telephone call revealed that he was at
home--taking a bath and having a bite to eat,
with the servants under strict oders not to dis-
turb him.
The second heart-breaker came during the
third ballot, on which Taft made a gain of only
nine as against 88 for Willkie. Senator Arthur
Vandenburg telephoned the tense Taft head-
quarters and declared he was ready to do any-
thing to help his Senate colleague. Taft leaders
were jubliant, expecting the Michigan vote to
come to them on the next count.
But when Michigan did bolt Vandeburg, it did
so on the sixth ballot and went to Willkie, to
give his roaring stampede the push it' needed
to send him to the top.
Candidate Hoover
Herbert Hoover was the third disappointment
for the Taftities. He too had expressed opposition
to Willkie and preference for Taft. But when
the Ohian went to him and asked for his back-
ing, Hoover replied, in effect. "I will if I can't
get anywhere myself."
Surrounded by a group of intimates, the ex-
President believed that the convention would
deadlock and give him an excellent chance to
emerge as a dark horse. Taft managers tried to
convince him the convention would not dead-
lock, and that if he was going to exert his in-
fluence it must come in the early balloting.
Hoover refused to budge, claiming a bloc of
24 certain votes in the California delegation. The
Taft men denied this offering to poll the dele-
gates to prove they were for Taft. But Hoover
stuck to his ambition--another "if" went up the
flue for Taft.
Too-Late Dewey
The biggest Taft disappointment was Tom
Dewey's dalliance. Had he thrown his weight to
Taft on thethirdballot, as he was frantically
urged to do, Dewey might have changed the tide.
But, still hpoing against hope that somehow his
crumbling lines would hold, he delayed, and then
it was too late. He no longer had anything to
deliver.
However, when the young New Yorker did fin-
ally make up his mind, he went the limit in try-
ing to stop Willkie.
After the third ballot a direct tie-up was
established between Taft and Dewey. An open
telephone line was set up between them and two
Taft lieutenants, Dan Hanna, publisher of The
Cleveland News and grandson of the late Mark
Hanna, and Tom Bowers, Taft's brother-in-law,
went to the Dewey headquarters to act as liaison.
After Dewey dropped 65 votes on the fourth
ballot, he decided to dash to the convention floor
and make a personal plea to his supporters to
swing to Taft, Dewey had his hat on and was
rushing for the elevator when the fifth ballot
got under way and the dramatic plan was tor-
pedoed.
He then telephoned Hoover and in blunt lang-'
uage urged him to declare for Taft. "If this man
(Willkie) is going to be stopped," Dewey barked,
"we've got to forget our personal ambitions and
unite against him. There is going to be no dead-
lock. It's now or never."

Dewey also sent three messages to the Wis-
consin delegation, which he had won in a prim-
ary fight with Vandenburg, to swing to Taft. But
for some mysterious reason Secretary of State
Fred Zimmerman, who headed the delegation,
refused to be "released". On one occasion he
brusquely shoved aside a Dewey messenger. Later,
Zimmerman plumped the delegation for Will-
kie.
Vice-Presidency
A leading consideration in the behind-the-
scenes councils that led to the choice of Senator
McNary for Willkie's running mate was some
very revealing arithmetic.
Studying the ballot returns, the leaders found
that the eleven Far Western states, with 130
delegates had given Willkie, right up to moment
of the stampede on the last ballot, only 58 votes.
Starting with 17 from this bloc, he had been
able to boost the vote to 36 on the fifth ballot.
Party chiefs did not miss the political signif-
icance of these figures, and decided that Mc-
Nary, Oregonian, public power advocate, cham-
pion of the farmer, had to be on the ticket.
Willkie Stopped
The "stop Willkie" movement proved unavail-
ing at the convention, but there was one occasion
when the dynamic candidate was halted. A Phil-
adelphia traffic cop did the trick.
Walking to his hotel during an afternoon rush
hour, Willkie, deeply engrossed in thought, was
suddenly jerked up by a shout: "Hey, you! Don't
you see that light? It ain't green, is it-"
The man who 36 hours later was to be the
GOP standard bearer looked at the light and
smiling said, "No, it's not. Sorry."

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f , 80 helaaTunes. The P'FU" J
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"I kept blowing fuse after fuse when I first came here to cook, but
now I'zn taking an electrical engineering course at night school!"
DAILY OF FIC IAL B ULLET IN

DRAMA

By JAMES E. GREEN
The late Avery Hopwood, who wrote many
popular plays and made much money from
them, set up a fund to encourage young writers.
By the terms of his will the money is awarded
anntially to writers at this University with spe-
cial encouragement td be given to the new and
the experimental. One of the crying needs of
the American theatre at the present time is an
equally liberal angel to encourage Maxwell An-
derson to leave the new and the experimental
alone. In "The Star Wagon" Anderson writes
many scenes of reasonably good sentimental
comedy pnd assembles a fine collection of relia-
ble stock situations but when he is unable to
resist the temptation to find deeper significance
in his sentimental comedy he becomes confusing
and inept. In the realm of the two dimensional
Anderson has written much bad poetry, in three
dimensions he .has written a couple of near-
first rate plays and some isolated good scenes,
in four dimensions he does nothing that a com-
bination of the early H. G. Wells and Mary
Roberts Rinehart couldn't do ,far better.
As long as he remained on the safe ground
of the sentimental he wrung many a tear and
muffled sob from last evening's sympathetic
audience but seven Rosacrucians and four sci-
ence-fiction fans walked out in the middle of
the second act.
What was saved from last night's sacrificial
offering to the American Culture Institute was
saved by several good performances by the
members of the Repertory Players. Norman Ox-
handler as Stephen Minch, the inventor, gave
the best performance of his career. He man-
aged the shifts from age to youth and return
with precision and understanding. The return
of Truman Smith and Claribel Baird to the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre was a successful
one and Mary Pray, after she got over the im-
pression that she was playing Chekhov. gave
a good performance, too.

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All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
The Intramural Sports Building
will be closed all day, July 4th.
Bridge Lessons. The bridge lesson
scheduled for July 4 has been post-
poned until next Thursday, July 11.
All bridge lessons will begin at 7:30,
instead of at 8:00 as originally sched-
uled.
Ethel A. McCormick
The Michigan Wolverine will hold
an "Independence Whirl" from 8:00-
11:00 p.m. July 4th. All summer
students are cordially invited. There
will be a door charge of fifteen
cents.
"The Star Wagon" by Maxwell
Anderson, distinguished American
playwright, will be given on Thurs-
day, Friday and Saturday nights- at
8:30 p.m. in the Lydia Mendelssohn
Theatre. N'o one will be seated
during the opening scene. This is
the second production of the Michi-
gan Repertory Players of the De-
partment of Speech. Tickets are
available at the box-office (Phone
6300); prices are 75c, 50c and 35c.
Liebniz Study Group: Students in-
terested in reading together "The
Monadology" of Liebniz are invited
to meet at Lane Hall Fri., July 5, at
two o'clock. This is a continuation
of the group which has been reading
Berkeley and Pascal during the past
year.
The English Department will give
a tea for students in English in the
Assembly Hall on the third floor of
the Rackham Building, from 4:30
to 6, on Friday, July 5.
Classes in English speech are being
organized this week for foreign stu-
dents who are in the Summer Ses-
sion or who are remaining in Ann
Arbor for the summer. All such stu-
dents who feel the need for help in
their conversational English or in
their reading vocabularies are invit-
ed to meet Friday, July 5, at 7
o'clock. These classes are, of course,
non-credit classes; they are free to all
who can plan to attend regularly.
There will be a lecture and demon-
stration, "The Acoustic Analysis of
Speech Sounds," by Professor Milton
Cowan. It will be given Friday, July
5, at 7:30 p.m. in the Rackham Build-
ing Amphitheatre.
The Negro Students at the Smith
League House No. 2, 1102 East Ann
St., are having a reception on Fri-
day, July 5, from 9 to 10:30 p.m.,
followed by dancing until 1:00 a.m.
All students and their friends are
invited.
Graduate Record Program will be
held in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building on Saturday, July
6 from 3 to 5 p.m. An interesting
program has been arranged. Robert
Nieset will be in charge. All inter-
ested are invited.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
on Sunday, July 7, at 2:30 p.m. in
the rear of the Rackham Building
for a trip, a short distance from Ann
Arbor, affording swimming, softball,

of Greek and Latin are cordially in-
vited to attend an informal recep-
tion to be given by the departments
on. Tuesday, July 9, at 8:00 p.m. in
the Garden of the Michigan League,
or in the Ethel Fountain Hussey
Room in case of rain.
The Michigan Dames will hold a
bridge party at the Michigan League
on Wednesday, July 10th. at 2
o'clock for the wives of the summer
school students. There will be a
charge of 10c to cover expenses and
prizes.
Deutsches Haus. Reservations
may still be made for meals at the
Deutsches Haus, luncheon 35 cents;
dinner 45 cents. Please make reserv-
ations at the German Office, 204
UH or with Dr. Otto G. Graf, 300
SW.
Mail for Students, Faculty, and
temporary residents at the Universi-
ty: All students and new members
of the faculty should call at the U.S
Post Office and make out pink card,
"Order to Change Address," Form 22,
if they have not already done so.
This applies also to temporary resi-
dents in Ann Arbor who may be
doing reference or research work on
the campus.
Unidentifiable mail is being held
in Room 1, University Hall, for the
following addressees:
Applegate, Vernon C.
Albert, Samuel
Beltramini, Carolyn
Brennan, Helen
Caif, C. M.
Chenery, Winthrop
Cruickshank, William M.
Devaul, Ruth
Downing, Phoebe
Elliott, Robert
Pillion, Stanley H.
Foster, Warren P. l
Fuqua, Ivan
Gosnell, Hanlan H.
Greenwood, J. A.
Jacobs, Arthur T.
Jonas, John F.
Keenan, Esther M.
Keenan, Joseph H.
Knobloch, Emanuel
LaPlante, C.
Lnderoth, Hans
MacNevin, Dr. M. T.
Main, Dr. Sidney G.
Meyers, Hayes J.
Miller, Howard
Morgan, Gleny
Nelson, Oland Grant
Ogden, JohnP.
Papenguth, Dick
Parkinson, W. C.
Pierce, Martha C.
Ray, Charlotte
Rhea, Ellen
Schaubert, Byrl F.
Slattery, Tom
Smith, James G.
(Continued on Page 4)

the direction of Professor William
Breach will present a program of
songs by modern American compos-
ers.
Biological Chemistry Lectures: Dr.
Rudolph Schoenheimer of the De-
partment of Biochemistry of Colum-
bia University, will deliver a series
of lectures on .July 8, 9, 10 and 11 at
2:00 p.m. in the Amphitheatre of
the Rackham Building. Dr. Schoen-
heimner's lectures will have as their
general title "The Use of Isotopes in
the Study of Metabolism." All in-
terested are cordially invited.
Wives of students and internes are
invited to attend a tea given in their
honor on Tuesday, July 9th from
3:30 to 5:30 in the garden of the
Michigan League. All wives of sum-
mer school students are urged to
come and get acquainted.
All students in the Departments

-x
DEPARTMENT OF SPEECH -- UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
MICHIGAN REPERTORY PLAYERS
Presenf
"THE STAR WAGON"
By MAXWELL ANDERSON
A Comedy of a "Second
Chance" at Love
TONIGHT, FRIDAY
andtSATURDAY
Curtain at 8:30 P.M. No one seated during first scene.
Prices: 75c, 50c, 35c Box Office Phone: 6300
LYDIA MENDELSSOHN THEATRE
I. -'i

The Straight Dope
Bly Himself

We want to introduce you today to one of the
Summer-Session's most interesting personalities.
We refer to Mr. David Itkin, Guest Director of
the Repertory Players who has been in our midst
for about two weeks preparing to open "Beyond
the Horizon" next week.
Mr. Itkin is a somewhat portly gentleman
who walks as though the earth were his private
possession. There is but little arrogance in his
possessiveness, merely a vast pride. Of his per-
sonal attributes other than that magnificent
walk it should most certainly be noted that he
has the most important looking head of hair
ever seen in the state of Michigan. The hair is.
black and it stands perpendicular to the axis
of the skull. It extends, at a rough guess, about
a foot and a half straight upand at least nine
inches all the way around. If we were a barber
and /saw Mr. Itkin approaching we would run
for our life.
Even if, he only wanted a shave we would
depart in haste. How the man manages to pre-
sent that burnished-appearing face is beyond
us. We think he burns the beard off with a blow
torch. We sneaked into a rehearsal where Mr.
Itkin was directing his three principals the other
night and we pity those poor, poor actors. He
was demonstrating the right and wrong ways of
choking a woman to our friend Art Klein. The
demonstration was taking place on the hapless

later. "Yes, it sure was," Miss Jordan agreed,
rubbing her neck reminiscently.
Mr. Itkin was trained in the famous Moscow
Art Theatre by the great Stanislavsky and he
accepts nothing but the best from his actors.
If they don't get it the first time he has them
do it again. And again. And again. "And a
million times more," says Mr. Itkin. If even that
doesn't work he talks it over with them at length
and they start again. It all looks very exhausting
indeed.
The play itself, which opens Wednesday, looks
in good shape already. "It ought to be" moaned
John Schwarzwalder, "considering that we have
rehearsed an average of eight hours a day since
we were cast. Not that we didn't need it," he
added hastily. After a heavy sigh Mr. Schwarz-
walder said "Ah theatre, ah art, ah the Reper-
tory Players, ah the living drama of Eugene
O'Neill, ah - (censored)."
The lords of creation know that writing a
column for the Summer Daily for a pestiferous
editor and the edification of a staff of critical
ignorami (not ignoramuses) is no cinch, but it
beats acting for a pastime. All we have to do is
dodge the administration, the editorial staff,
the proofreaders, the irascible city editor and
his crew of unamiable stooger and the men in
the basement. Not to mention the stares of
indignant readers, if any.

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LET'S MAKE THIS A REAL

BANG-UP FOURTH

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5

CELEBRATE THE .FOURTI-I the right way with a dinner
selected from the many famous dishes on the Allenel
menu. Our fine foods, wines, and beer will do much
to make the Fourth a real holiday.

11

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