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August 15, 1940 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1940-08-15

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Scattered Showers;
No Change In Temperature





Is Volunteering
Really Vontary . .

Of ficial Publication Of The Summer Session


Heavy Rains Bring
Destructive Floods
To Southern States
Rivers Rise Following Coastal Hurricane
To Inundate Large Area In Four States
ASHEVILLE, N. C., Aug. 14.-(P)-Rampaging rivers wrought death
and destruction today in four Southern states.
Abnormally heavy rainfall in the wake of a hurricane that battered the
South Carolina-Georgia coast Sunday sent the swift streams swirling out
of their banks washing out highways and bridges, destroying lowland crops
and causing millions of dollars damage to industrial plants along their
banks, and driving hundreds of persons from their homes.
At least 16 deaths were attributed to the floods.
North Carolina counted two drownings and four deaths in landslides.
Three drownings were reported near Galax, Va., three near Elizabethton,
Tenn., and three near Augusta, Ga. A Negro woman near Augusta died of

Draft Bill Amendment,
WouldRaise Army Pay
Basic Rate To Be Raised From $21 To $30
In Effort To Speed Up Enlistments

a heart attack when she learned the
flood waters were approaching her
A 100-foot 'washout of Asheville's
principal water main forced this
tourists' mecca of 51,000 to use spar-
ingly water from a single reservoir.
Officials expressed confidence that
the line could be repaired by tomor-
North Wilkesboro, industrial moun-
tain town of 4,000 about 125 miles
northeast, apparently was the hard-
est hit.
Swept Over Streets
The flooded Yadkin River, which
rose to record heights, swept over
streets and damaged 14 industrial
plants. Two burned as the water
rose about them. The town, isolated,
was without water, light or telephone
Property damage there was esti-
mated at $2,000,000, and Mayor R. P.
McNeill said for Wilkes County as a
whole it probably would reach $10,-
000,000. He said 500 were homeless
and 2,500 out of work. Police Chief
John Walker expressed fear many
had drowned before they could be
warned of the rapidly rising waters.
The city called on the Red Cross,
meanwhile giving food and shelter
to the needy. The water was fast
receding :tonight.
Landslides blocked highways all
over the mountain area. Two persons
were crushed to death in two slides
near Boone.
Picked Up Buildings
Witnesses said the raging torrents
in some places picked up buildings
and tossed them about like match-
boxes in a gutter. Hundreds of
bridges were swept away.
Galax, in the southwest corner of
Virginia, was isolated last night, and
about 700 were reported to have fled
their homes. Water rose to the sec-
ond story of many houses.
The Watauga River engulfed a
residential district of Elizabethton
where 200 to 300 persons lived, forc-
ing them to clamber to nearby hills,
rooftops and tall trees for refuge.
Deputy Mike Boatwright said, "from
what I have seen and heard, I am'
convinced that 15 or 20 persons were
County Police, Sheriff's
Officers To Meet Here
Police. and sheriff's officers of
Washtenaw, Lenawee and Monroe
counties will meet at 1 p.m. tomor-
row in the Ann Arbor city hall in a
closed session to consider problems
of national defense, Police Chief Nor-
man E. Cook, announced yesterday.
John S. Bugas, head of the Federal
Bureau of Investigation bureau in
Detroit, will preside over the meeting.

Eight Winners.
Of Scholarship
Prizes Named
Cash Awards Presented
To Sophomores, Juniors,
Seniors By University
Eight University scholarship win-
ners were announced here yesterday
with four sophomores, two juniors
and two seniors taking awardsrang-
ing from $70 to $200.
Winners listed are:
Robert Thompson Duff, '43, of
Rochester, Mich., the James B. Hunt
scholarship; Mildred Jane Janusch,
'43, of Detroit, the Charles J. Hunt
scholarship; Eleanor Cartier, '43, of
Pontiac, the Margaret Smith Hunt
scholarship; and Alfred Herman
Kutschinscki, '43, of Benton Harbor,
the Margaret Smith Hunt scholar-
Mary Emma Vogel, '42, of Ann Ar-
bor, John W. and Leona R. Louns-
bury scholarship; Richard Steiner,
'42, of Ann Arbor, Agnes C. Weaver
scholarship; James H. Follette, '41,
of Bay City, Agnes C. Weaver schol-
arship, and Harold David Osterweil,
'41, of Long Beach, N. Y., Eugene
G. Fassett scholarship. Osterweil
maintained a perfect all-A record
for five consecutive semesters.
Export Bank's
Funds Boosted
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14-(P)-
The House Banking Committe ap-
proved legislation today increasing
the Export-Import Bank's lending
authority by $500,000,000 after Rep.
Wolcott (R-Mich) had assailed the
measure as a "roundabout method
of assisting the British Blockade of
The administration has asked that
the money be made available to as-
sist Latin American nations in meet-
ing their trade problems.
Wolcott, ranking minority leader
of the Committee proposed the hear-
ings be continued to get testimony
from State Department officials as
to what "diplomatic repercussions
might be expected" if the measure
became law. He was voted down 14
to 6 after Jesse Jones, Federal Loan
Administrator, told the Committee
he was authorized to speak for Sec-
retary Hull

WASHINGTON, August 14.-()-
Taking its first specific action in the
present conscription debate, the Sen-
ate today adopted an amendment to
the draft bill raising the basic Army
pay from $21 to $30 a month.
Critics of conscription repeatedly
have urged such an increase, arguing
it would speed up enlistments and
help provide manpower for the Army
by the volunteer method, with no
need for conscription. However, ad-
ministration forces also had endorsed
the idea, so that the Senate's deci-
sion was not considered a test on
the bill itself.
Offered 'by Senator Lee (Dem-
Okla), a supporter of conscription,
the amendment provides that volun-
tary recruits and draftees in the Ar-
my and marine corps shall be paid
$21 a month during their first four
months of training and then, if their
rating is satisfactory, their base pay
shall be increased to $30. Increases
also would be granted to some other
classes of enlisted men, and the cost
was estimated at $70,000,000 this fis-
cal year.
In today's debate Senator Clark
(Dem-Mo) arose to brand as "out-
rageous" a statement from the Army
that the original time schedule for
calling draftees had to be revised
because of the time consumed in the
Congressional debate on conscrip-
Contract Delays
In Army Order
Early Completion Of Four
New Navy Destroyers
Announced By Sec. Knox
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14 - (IP) -
Difficulties which have delayed the
signing of contracts for '4,200 Army
warplanes were reported virtually
surmounted today, while in another
field of national defense-the Navy
-Secretary Knox announced that
four new destroyers were being com-
pleted ahead of schedule.
Knox also revealed plans to in-
crease several-fold the present facil-
ities for primary training of naval
fliers. Besides creating new naval re-
serve aviation bases at New Orleans,
Dallas and Atlanta, Knox said, facil-
ities will be expanded at 13 existing
reserve bases.
Each of the bases will have a cap-
acity of 100 fledgling fliers, he said,
compared with the present average
of 15 to 20.
Earlier in the day, William S,
Knudson, defense commissioner, had
submitted a memorandum to Con-
gress saying that an army of 2,000,-
000 could be put in the field fully
equipped by October 1, 1943.

Red-faced and indignant, Clark
"Everybody has known all the time
that somebody was going to have
to come forth with some excuse for
not putting this conscription plan
into operation at once.
"Anyone who knows anything
about it knows that nothing this ad-
ministration has done would indicate
that they were going to be inept
enough to have thousands of mothers
going down to the station to kiss
their boys good-bye a few weeks be-
fore the election."
Before theHouse Military Com-
mittee, Secretary of the Navy Knox
vigorously urged enactment of con-
scription legislation. He said that if
England is defeated the United
States, lacking a two-ocean navy,
will need a huge and well-trained
land force.
British Vessels
Bombard Axis
Troops At Aden
Warships Try To Stem
Concerted Italian Drive
Toward Port Of Berbera
CAIRO, Egypt, Aug. 14-(R)-Brit-
ish warships have turned their guns
on the coast of their own protector-
ate of Somaliland to hold up Ital-
ians advancing there against the key
port of Berbera, British bastion on
the south shore of the -Gulf of Aden.
Armored columns and troop con-
centrations were scattered by Sal-
voes from light naval units offshore,
British military headquarters re-
ported, and the Italian offensive was
declared to have been stopped well
beforeiBulhar, which is about 40
miles west of Berbera.
A dispatch to Il Giornale d' Itagia,
an authoritative Fascist organ in
Rome, reported the British fleet at
Aden, the Arabian port across the
Gulf from Berbera, had left there,
adding to the already "intense move-
ment" in the Gulf.
This news suggested an intensifi-
cation of British action against the
Italians, whose drive against Ber-
bera is to attempt to break 'British
Empire communications through the
Red Sea, coincident with an expected
general assault on Egypt and the
Suez Canal.
British ground forces reported
other successes in the defense of
Berbera, declaring that Italian
forces had been thrown back at Jur-
gurgan Pass, 35 miles south-south-
east of Berbera. They also said they
had defeated Fascist. columns in sev-
eral skirmishes both in Italian Libya
and in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan.
In the Libyan engagement, it was
declared that British troops had
penetrated 35 miles into that Ital-
ian area,

British Planes
Raid Industrial
Areas In Italy
Squadrons Of Long-Range
RAF Bombers Cross
Alps At Swiss Border
Rome Press Hurls
Censure At Attack
ROME, Aug. 14.-(/P)-Squadrons
of long-range British bombers thun-
dered over the Alps and down on the
Great industrial cities of northern
Italy early today, killing 22 persons,
injuring more than fifty and stir-
ring the rage of Fascists at what
they called "A barbarious cowardly
The Italians said the British
bombers crossed neutral Switzerland
and scattered explosives and propa-
ganda leaflets at random in the res-
idential districts of Milan, Turin,
Tortona and Allesandria. The leaf-
lets told Italians to wake up to their
use as vassals "by your hereditary
enemy, Germany," to "make Hitler
No Military Damage
Authorities insisted there was no
military damage (but British ac-
counts said the Caproni factory in
Milan and the Fiat plant in Turin,
two of Italy's principal works, were
"smashed" and set afire; that the
blaze from the Caproni plant could
be seen for miles.)
The heaviest attack was at Milan,,
where a dozen persons were killed
and 44 injured by 30 explosive and,
incendiary bombs.
The surprise attacks on the larg-
er cities, first since early in the war
brought home to the inhabitants,
their danger even from Britain,
which most of them had considered
harmlessly far away.
Controversy Stimulated
Italian newspapers kept the new
controversy with Greece over "op-
pression" of Albanian minorities at
fever heat.
Il Popolo di Roma even hinted
that Italy might claim the Greek
island of Corfu and the whole ad-
riatic coast as a sequel to the hatchet
slaying of Daut Hoggia, Albanian
"patriot," allegedly committed by
two Greeks.

The Berlin

BERLIN, Aug. 14-(RP)-Germany's
mighty air force carried a tempest
of fire and metal across the channel
into England's exposed southern
flank for the fourth successive day
of big aerial assault today and re-
turning bombers desribed masses of
floating wreckage of planes and bal-
loons shot down off Dover-a possi-
ble sign of conditions ripe for in-
Biggest battles of the day were re-
ported off this southeastern "hot"
BERLIN, Aug. 14.--(A)-Br1-
tish reports of finding German
parachutes in the midlands and
in Scotland were termed tonight
by German sources "a mid-sum-
mer night's dream."
"The English mind," said an
official spokesman, "is full of
corner nearest the continent, where
Germans said British fighters per-
sisted in making futile attempts to
stop the torrent sof German bombers,
dive bombers and battle planes and
lost 42 of their hurricanes and spit-
fires to the Germans' ten.
This brought Britain's total of
destroyed planes, according to Ger-
man bookkeeping, to 405 for the five
days beginning last Thursday. This
was at a cost of 93 German planes,
the Germans reckoned.
Twenty-two of the British losses
today, Germans said, were in the
southeast corner over Kent.
Prelude To Sea Invasion
As if these body blows were a
prelude to a land and sea invasion,
the government today ordered a ban
on public dancing, as it did during
the Polish campaign and the offen-
sive in Western Europe. Recently
dancing has been permitted two
nightsa week.
Despite the desperate British op-
position, the Germans said, their
bombers shrieked down on their ob-
jectives, hitting airports and wharves
with mine-like explosives which left
towering fires in their wake.
Approximately a score of Britain's
vaunted barrage of balloons were
sent flaming into the sea and to the
ground in a tangle of twisted cables,
the Germans declared, while small
boats were engaged off shore in at-
tempts to rescue luckless British pi-
lots whose mounts were sent in
streaking flame from the sky.
Early Morning Start
German bombers started their
work in the early hours of the morn-
ing from numerous bases in Ger-
many, the Netherlands and Belgium,
taking advantage of thick clouds over
the Channel, to slip over the British
coastline for raids far inland.
(British dispatches said the long-
est and severest raid of the war on
the important industrial midlands
was carried out.)
But apparently the clouds hid
swarms of British planes too, judg-
ing by subsequent German accounts
of ensuing battles.

LONDON, Aug. 14.-(P)-Britain's
vital coastal cities -Southanmpton,
Dover, Hastings were pounded
anew and thunderously today by
Nazi air raiders while German ves-
sels moved stealthily about the Eng-
lish Channel in apparent prepara-
tions for an attempt to transport
an invading army to these islands.
The Government put the whole
country on the watch against Ger-
man parachutists, after 11 German
airmen were reported captured in
the Midlands.
The German warplanes struck in
serried waves, dropping bombs over
the southeast and southern coasts,
in the southwest, the Midlands and
even in Wales. But the Channel ports
again were hardest hit.
Tonight, the Air Ministry an-
nounced that in a day of attack
and counter-attack in the skies 15
German planes had gone down in
flames and four British craft
craft had been lost.
Barrage Balloons Hit
At Dover, the Nazis blasted away
at British barrage balloons, set up
to protect the coast; at Southamp-
ton they poured down high-explosive
bombs, at least one of which dam-
aged a standing train; at Hastings
several fatalities were reported.
The government's action against
the menace of the parachutists-a
ghostly form of attack which work-
ed so well in Belgium and Holland,
in France and Poland,-was taken
about the same time that 17 aban-
doned German parachutists were
found in villages of the industrial
midlands-an area where sabatoge
would gravely hurt.
Other such discoveries had been
reported earlier from two areas in
England and one in Scotland.
The Royal Air Force, desperately
fighting of the German attacks here
at home, likewise reported new and
damaging blows at aircraft factories
in four Axis cities-at Dessau and
Bernburg in Germany; at Turin and
Milan in Italy-and the bombard-
ment of German munitions plants
at Lunen and Grevenbroich.
Airdromes Are Bombed,
Struck by British bombers too,
were objectives in Germany's indus-
trial Ruhr and 14 airdromes in Ger-
man and German-held territory.
The hundreds of Nazi drive bomb-
ers and fighters-300 of them in
one thunderous flight that swept
over the southeast coast alone-did
not attack alone. German naval un-
its, believed by British observers
to be acting in a general effort to
sweep the North Sea and English
Channel clear of the British mine
belt and thus pare the way for a sea-
borne invasion, prowled English
In one engagement in the North
Sea, two British destroyers were
reported to have broken up a Ger-
man flotilla of six trawlers and one
speedboat to the bottom while the
others fled under a smoke screen.

Germans Continue
Intensified Aerial
Raids Over Britain
Coastal Cities Are Targets Of Nazi Attacks;
Parachutists Found In Industrial Area

Version: I The London Version:



Calls Conferences
ATHENS, Greece, Aug. 14-(R)-
Premier General John Metaxas to-
night called his army chief of staff
into conference at Italy increased
the tempo of her press campaign
against Greece.
Greece, stragetically situated in
the Mediterranean, was reporter on-
ly yesterday to have rejected a de-
mand of the Axis powers that she
abrogate her treaty of friendship
with Great Britain.
Metaxas called in General Papa-
gos, his chief of staff, after a long
conference with Italian Minister

Ambassador Cudahy Is Vindicated
By Roosevelt And State Department

Hitler's Aerial Siege Is Termed,
Inevitable Prelude To Invasion

(Associated Press Staff Writer)
If the four-day German air at-
tack on England's channel coast
does not prove to be a tremendous
prelude to an attempted invasion it
Britons will not only be astonish-
ple, including the English.
Britons wil Inot only be astonish-
ed; they will be imbued with new
confidence of ultimate victory. If
Hitler turns back now, if he shifts
to a strategy of starvation blockade
instead of invasion, people in Eng-
land and around the world will say
he has suffered a significant if not
fatal defeat.j
That is the risk he has taken in!

ions of England. Emporer Claudius
came that way nearly 1900 years
ago to defeat the Britons at Brent-
wood, between London and Colches-
ter. That Roman "blitzkreig" includ-
er transportation of elephants, cam-
els, and African troups across the
Channel, according to the history
William the Conauorer came the
same way from Normandy to take
England by storm in what is styled
the Battle of Hastings, fought more
than a thousand years later. Phillip
II of Spain tried it again 500 years
later to see his dreams of world mas-
tery wrecked with the invincible ar-
mada off the coast of Devon. Napol-
eon looked longinalv across those

WASHINGTON, August 14.-(iP)-
Ambassador John Cudahy gained
vindication from both President
Roosevelt and the State Department
tonight in a controversy over an un-
authorized press interview he gave
in London concerning conditions in
After a long talk with the Pres-
ident, Cudahy, Ambassador to Bel-
gium, said he had been authorized
to say "that I received no rebuke
and none was intended."
Later he spent an hour with Sum-
ner Welles, acting secretary of state,
who had previously asserted that the
envoy violated "standing instruc-
tions" of the State Department.
After this meeting, Cudahy left the
talking to Welles except to say the
discussion had been very satisfactory
and he had made a full report on
conditions in Belgium..
Welles then announced that no
rebuke had been administered, that
Cudahy would take a vacation and
that the incident was closed so far
as the State Department was con-

statement" of his remarks, he was
quoted as saying Belgium faced a'
condition "close to the famine" by
mid-September unless food supplies
reached there from the United States.
Cudahy said he planned to go to
New York in a day or two for dis-
cussions with Americans having in-
terests in Belgium, and then would
go to his home in Milwaukee to start
a vacation. He asserted there was "no
question of my resigning" from the
diplomatic service.
Cudahy, Ambassador to Belgium
until foreign diplomatic missions
were ordered out of there last month
by Germany, drew sharp criticism
in the British press for an interview
in London in which he asserted that
Belgium faced near-famine condi-
tions by mid-September unless it
received American food supplies.
This was widely interpreted as a
hint that American food should be
allowed through the British blockade.
In commenting on the German oc-
cupation, he also was quoted as say-
ing he thought German soldiers be-

All forms of transportation, from
the hitch hiker's pleading thumb to
the luxurious salons of transcon-
tinental airlines will carry thousands
of students and professors to all
corners of the country following the
close of summer school tomorrow.
Many exam weary studens, ac-
cording to Tom Draper, Grad., the
Union's one-man travel expert, will
take belated vacations next month,
with the two world's fairs and north
woods hideaways leading in order
of preference.
In sharp contrast, according to
Draper, are the modes of transpor-
tation chosen by the summer ses-
sion vagabonds, as compared to
those taken by winter session stu-

All Varieties Of Transportation
Help Mass Exodus Of Students

lead in determining where, how and
when. Increasing in popularity are
air tours and pullman travel, with
the automobile trips still the most
convenient for those having cars at
their disposal this summer.
Also in increasing demand are
"vacation as you return home"
tours. Most popular of these are the
Great Lake cruises to Chicago or
Buffalo, depending upon the travel-
er's ultimate destination.
Culminating many a summer or
spring romance are the tours to
traditional Niagra Falls or to se-
cluded portions of the north woods
for honeymoons which have been
deferred until the close of the school


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