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August 04, 1940 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1940-08-04

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~PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SUNDAY, AUGUST 4, 1940

I--

3

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assolated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED VOA NATIONAL AOVEN,,ING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publshrs Representative
420 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
cHIcAGO ' 13 TON * LOS ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Editorial Staff
Managing Editor..............Carl Petersen
City Editor ...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors...........Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
stein, Morton C. Jampel, Su-
zanne Potter.
Business Staff
Business Manager ............ Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager .......... Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: HARRY M. KELSEY
Embargo
On Gasoline ...
ATE LAST YEAR the American Gov-
ernment imposed a "moral embargo"
on aviation gasoline. Now the embargo passes
out of the sphere of morality and becomes very
real. Japan protests through her Admiralty
spokesman and- insists that it is aimed at her,
though by its terms it applies to all the world.
Great Britain accepts the ban and concedes that
we must carry out our program of national de-
ense at all costs. The reason for this-difference
of opinion is purely technological. The Japanese
have never played any conspicuous part in refin-
ing petroleum; the British, on the other hand,
have erected refineries with American aid and
by this time must be ready to produce the high-
test gasoline that they need.
Lindbergh flew across the Atlantic in a plane
driven by gasoline of a quality which would now
be considered inferior by commercial and mili-
tary pilots. His "Spirit of St. Louis," was a
small, low-powered machine. Pursuit planes
today are driven at speeds of 350 miles an hour
and more. Both types are equipped with high-
compression, high-powered engines in which an
explosive mixture may be ignited prematurely so
that "knocking" results. Without the right gas-
oline the fast aircraft of today would hardly be
built. Upon that fuel depends not only speed
but lifting power and manoeuving ability. Since
the Germans are deficient in what we would call
a good aviation gasQline, they probably rely on
"leading"-that is, the addition of tetraethyl lead
to regulate gasoline.
In practice our embargo strikes hard at Japan.
Though it is not likely that her bombings of
Chinese towns will cease, she will have to buy
what gasoline she can in the world market and
improve it as best she can with tetraethyl lead.
Russia cannot help her. For lack of technical
ckill the chemists of Baku are not equal to the
task of producing aviation gasoline from refinery
gases. It so happens that we lead the world in
the art of polymerization, by which technical
term the chemist means the construction of mole-
cules of the right kind. Through chemical skill
we are able in effect to impose sanctions of the
kind tht baffled the League of Nations.
-The New York Times
Jobs And
The Draft...
ONE FEATURE of the Burke-Wadsworth com-
pulsory military training bill which should
commend itself to those in the age group which
will be called for service if the bill passes is
the rigid provision guaranteeing reemployment
to men taken from thei1t jobs for training.
As this section of the bill now stands, refusal

of re-employment to a draftee at the end of his
period of service will be stigmatized as an un-
fair labor practice. The national labor, relations
board will be employed to force an employer
to rehire a conscript.
One of the most tragic things in the program
to increase national security by compulsory mili-
tary training is that the introduction of any
measure such as the Burke-Wadsworth- bill,
however much it may increase national security,
cannot but increase also the personal insecurity
so keenly felt by many young persons.
Assurance has been given by army officials
that no men with dependents will be called,
and it seems certain that men in so-called key
positions in business and industry will be put
into the deferred classification. For many young
men without dependents and not in key posi-
tions, however, conscription is likely to prove
something of a personal tragedy.
Anything which can be done to mitigate the

Calendar For Seventh Week
Sunday, August 4
7:15 p.m. Concert on the Charles Baird Carillon.
8:00 p.m. Vesper Service. Music under the direction of Father W. J. Finn, New
York. (Hill Auditorium.)
Monday, August 5
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "Child Growth and the Curriculum," William A. Brownell, Pro-
fessor of Educational Psychology, Duke University. (University High School Audi-
torium.)
4:15 p.m. Lecture. "The Military Situation of the United States," Brig. Gen. Oliver
L. Spaulding (Rackham Lecture Hall.)
Tuesday, August 6
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "The Democratic Foundation of American Public Schools," Claude
Eggertsen, Instructor in the History of Education.
8:30 p.m. Concert. Faculty of the School Music. Hans Pick, violincello; Joseph
Brinkman, pianist; Hardin A. Van Deursen, bairtone; John L. Kollen, Pianist;
Ernest Krenek, piano accompanist. (Hill Auditorium.)
Wednesday, August 7
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "Public Education in Mexico," Aruthur B. Moehlman, Professor
of School Administration and Supervision. (University High School Auditorium.)
7:30 p.m. Linguistic Institute Lecture. "Field Work at the Linguistic Institute," Pro-
fessor Carl F. Voegelin and Miss Della Brunsteter. (Auditorium, W. K. Kellogg
Building.)
8:30 p.m. "Patience." by Gilbert and Sullivan. (Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.)
Thursday, August 8
12:10 p.m. Linguistic Institute Luncheon Conference. "American Indian Place Names."
Dr. J. P. Harrington, Senior Ethnologist of the Bureau of American Ethnology,
Smithsonian Institution. (Michigan Union.)
4:05 p.m. Lecture. "What the Public Expects of its Schools," Clifford Woody, Professor
of Education, (University High School Auditorium.)
7:15 p.m. Concert on the Charles Baird Carillon.
8:30 p.m. "Patience." by Gilbert and Sullivan. (Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.)
Friday, August 9
7:30 p.m. Linguistic Institute Lecture. "The Function of Language." Professor Leon-
ard Bloomfield. (Ampitheatre, Rackham Building.)
8:30 p.m. Patience." by Gilbert and Sullivan. (Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.)
9:00 p.m. Social Evening. (Michigan League Ballroom.) Come with or without a
partner.
Saturday, August 10
9:00 a.m. Internal Combustion Engine Institute Lectures: "Engine Heat Transfer"
by Mr. R. N. Janeway, Chrysler Corporation and "Valve Gears" by Mr. V. M. Young,
Wilcox-Rich Corporation. (Amphitheater, Rackham Building.)
8:30 p.m. "Patience." by Gilbert and Sullivan. (Lydia Mendelssohn Theater.)
9:00 p.m. Social Evening (Michigan League Ballroom.) Come with or without a
partner.
Sunday, August 11
7:15 p.m. Concert on the Charles Baird Carillon.
8:30 p.m. The Art Cinema League. A German film. Pre-Hitler.
Th'e Straight Dope
By Himself

1

VIeDALYIASINGTON
MERRY ROTND

I-

By DREW PEARSON
and ROBERT ALLEN
WASHINGTON-The British have
done an excellent job of rooting out
Fifth Column elements and prevent-
ing a repetition of what happened
in Norway and the Lowlands. But
how hard this is to do was indicated
by an uncensored report just receiv-
ed here that as early as July 1 Ger-
man parachute troops were being
landed.
Four were nabbed that day in
north Wales. They were not ordinary
soldiers. Attired as hikers, they poke
perfect English, carried genuin Eng-
lish registration cards, which could
have come only from British sources,
and apparently had specific instruc-
tions whom to contact.
One of the spies, before being ap-
prehended, telephoned a man who
later was discovered to be a Fifth
Columnist. The purpose of the para-
chutist was to get in touch with in-
dividuals in England who would fur-
nish them with information and help
to undermine resistance against in-
vasion.
It was also learned from the cap-
ture of these men that Fifth Colum-
nist fishermen in the region were
servicing a Nazi submarine.
Military Training
The Army is up against a much
tougher task than most people rea-
lize in getting ready for compulsory
military training or for the special
call of the National Guard.
The main problem is housing such
a large number of men. To do this
takes time. It takes time to construct
barracks, to put in sewerage, to bring
in water sppplies. As much as possi-
ble of this work must be done be-
fore bad weather sets in.
This is why the War Department
is so impatient over the delay in
Congress. If the legislation finally
passes, then the Army can begin let-
ting contracts. But until then not'
one order can be placed for barracks
or anything else.
All the plans are ready on paper,
and the Army has scarcely overlook-
ed a detail in these advance prepar-
ations. But that is as far as it can
go.
Another handicap is the fact that
the National Guard this month is
conducting its most important ma-
neuvers in history. And if Congress
grants Roosevelt's request to permit'
him to call out the Guard for a year's
training, it will be necessary to send
the men back to their homes to, ar-
range their private affairs, then send
them back into the field.
This doubles the cost of transpor-
tation. If Congress acted earlier it
might have been avoided.
Who's Kidding Whom?
Genial, barren - beaned Senator.
Burke, anti - New Deal Nebraska
Democrat is an enthusiastic jester,
but the big question among his col-
leagues is: Just who is Burke kidding
regarding his plan to stage public
hearings on the third term issue.
Burke2has set the hearings for
August 12. The excuse to hear argu-
ments on his constitutional amend-
mend to limit presidential terms to
one six-year period. But the private
records of the Senate Judiciary Com-
mittee, of which Burke is a member,
disclose that he has no authority to
hold such proceedings. Here is the
inside story of his mysterious move:
It was way back in January, 1939,
that Burke introduced the proposal.
A few days later he was made chair-
man of a sub-committee to consider
an anti-third term bill and report on
it to the full committee.
The sub-committee made a report
in July, 1939-just one year ago-

recommending that the measure be
sent to the Senate without recom-
mendation; that is, the sub-commit-
tee ducked taking any stand. In
keeping with long practice in cases
like this, the full committee there-
upon shelved the bill and forgot all
about it.
As far as this Congress is concern-
ed, the bill is as dead as a dried mac-
kerel. There isn't the remotest chance
of its being considered.
Burke knows this, just as he knows
that his sub-committee no longer has
any jurisdiction over the bill. It re-
linquished jurisdiction when it re-
ported to the full committee more
than a year ago. Adding a dash of
piquancy is the fact that Burke him-
self is just as mucl4 a lame duck as
his bill, having been defeated for re-
nomination several months ago.
All of which adds up to the fol-
lowing: A lame duck Senator pro-
poses to use a dead bi over which
he no longer has any jurisdiction to
stage a series of hearings at public
expense to boost a political candi-
date.
Meanwhile Democratic Senators
are betting that the trick won't come
off. Burke isn't that good.
Argentine Isolation
The difficulties with Argentina
which arose in Havana may come
up again, so it might be well to look
at some of the things that have hap-
pened backstage in Pan-American
diplomacy.
Strange as it may seem, the great
majority of the Argentine people are
strong rooters for the U.S.A., This
change in public sentiment has taken
place chiefly since the New Deal, and
because of Roosevelt's Good Neigh-
bor Policy. It is no exaggeration to
say that Roosevelt's liberal reforms
are watched with the closest interest
in Argentina, and' that he is more
popular than most Argentine lead-
ers.
This is true of about 75 per cent
of the people. The remaining 25 per
cent, which includes the ruling aris-
tocracy and the big ranch owners,
are vigorously anti-Roosevelt. One
notable exception, however, is Presi-
dent Ortiz, who before the Havana
Conference opened, was stricken with
diabetes, and is not expected to re-
cover. For the time being he has now
resigned.
Argentine foreign policy, there-
fore, is dictated solely by Foreign
Minister Jose Cantillo, anbold school,
pip-squeak diplomat, trained in Eur-
ope, who vigorously dislikes the Uni-
ted States. Behind are some of the
big Buenos Aires banks which favor
direct dealing with Hitler.
When the Argentine delegation
left for Havana, it carried definite
instructions to oppose the United
States and follow an isolationist pol-
icy. But during the conference, that
isolationism was modified. The man
responsible for the modification was
Dr. Leopoldo Melo, chief Argentine
delegate.
He took it on his own shoulders
partially to ignore instructions from
Foreign Minister Cantillo and adapt
a much more cooperative policy. He
could not throw Argentine isolation
overboard entirely, but he ent much
further than his instructions per-
mitted. In doing this he had behind
him the Argentine people, .though
not Foreign Minister Cantillo.
Note-Dr. Melo belongs to the
Radical Party, which is more liberal
than the government in power. Des-
pite this, it might be wise to keep
an eye orn, him. He may be slated
for bigger things,

I --- - W M-W-ft

DAILY OFFICIAL
(Continued from Page 2)
stitute Lecture to be given by Mr. F.
M. Young on August 9 at 7:30 p.m.
has been cancelled.
All freshmen and sophomores in
the College of Literature, Science and
the Arts who are attending the Sum-
mer Session and who have not had
their elections for the fall Semester
approved, are urged to consult with
me before the close of the Summer
Session. Appointments can be made
calling at the Office of the Academic
Counselors, Room 108, Mason Hall,
or by calling Extension 613.
Arthur VanDuren
Chairman, Academic Counselors.
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August 1940, to be recom-
mended by the School of Education,
are requested to call at the office of
the School of Education, 1439 U.E.S,
on August 6, or 7 to take the Teacher
Oath which is a requirement for the
certificate.
The final +examination schedule
as published in the complete an-
nouncement is incorrect. Below is the
correct schedule.
Hour of
Recitation 8 9 10 11
Time of Thurs. Fri. Thurs. Fri.
Examination 8-10 8-10 2-4 2-4
Hour of All other
Recitation 1 2 3 hours
Time of Thurs. Thurs. Fri. Fri.
Examination 4-6 10-12 10-12 4-6
Speech Students: Students enrol-
led in Speech courses and all others
interested are invited to attend the
Speech Conference to be held by the
Department of Speech as follows:
Monday, August 5. 9 a.m. to 12-
Registration. (Office of Department
of Speech, 3211 Angell Hall.)
2 to 3:30 p.m.-Conference on "Prob-
lems in the Teaching of Speech."
(4203 Angell Hall.)
3:30 to 5 p.m.-Conference on
"Problems in the Directing of For-
ensics." (4003 Angell Hall.)
8 p.m.-Demonstration Debate on
the National High School Question.
(Lecture Hall, Horace . H. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies.)
Tuesday, August 6, 9 to 10 a.m.-
Demonstration Class in "Studies in
Reading and Dramatics." (Auditor-
ium of the W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
10 to 11 a.m.-Demonstration Class
in "The Study of Speech Disorders."
(Auditorium of the W. K. Kellogg
Institute.)
11 a.m. to 12-Demonstration Class
in "Structure and Function of Voice
and Speech." (Auditorium of the W.
K. Kellogg Institute.)
2 to 3 p.m,.-Demonstration in Ra-
dio-including a broadcast over Sta-
tion WCAR. (Morris Hall Studio.)
3 to 4 p.m.-Conference on "Or-
ganizing and, Producing Radio Pro-
grams." (Morris Hall Studio.)
3 to 5 p.m.-Conference on "Prob-
lems in Speech Correction." (Speech
Clinic in the Institute for Human
Adjustment.)
8 p.m.-Program of Individual and
Choral Readings. (Auditorium of the
W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
Wednesday, August 7, 9 to 10 a.m.
-Demonstration Class in "Funda-
mentals of Speech." (Auditorium of
the W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
10 to 11 a.m.-Demonstration Class
in "Prinsiples and Methods of Dis-
cussion." (Auditorium of the W. K.
Kellogg Institute.)
11 a.m. to 12-Demonstration Class
in "The Teaching of Speech." (Audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg Insti-
tute.)
12;15 p.m.-Speech Luncheon, six-
ty-five cents. (Ballroom of the Michi-

gan League.)
3 to 5 p.m.--Conference on "Prob-
lems of Dramatic Production." (Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.)
8:30 p.m.-Performance of "Pa-
tience" (Gilbert and Sullivan) by the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech. (Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre.)
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examination. Last dates
for filing.application is noted in each
case:
UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICF
Senior Engineer, salary $4,600, Au-
gust 29, 1940.
Civil Engineer, salary $3,800, Au-
gust 29, 1940.
Associate Civil Engineer, salary
$3,200, August 29, 1940.
Assistant Civil Engineer, salary
$2,600, August 29, 1940.
Senior Stenographer, salary $1,620,
August 15, 1940.
Junior Typist, salary $1,620, Au-
gust 15, 1940.
Junior Stenographer, salary $1,440,
August 15, 1940.
Senior Typist, salary $1,440; Au-
gust 15, 1940.
Complete announcement filed at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
and 2-4.
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information

FAR BE IT from our eager heart to continue
our chastisements of our editorial colleagues.
The fact none-the-less remains that the scenery
which our friend the drama critic so fervently
admired in the production of Galsworthy's "Es-
cape" was not designed by Mr. Alexander Wy-
ckoff as he supposed, but by the equally meritor-
ious Mr. Robert Mellencamp also of the Rep-
ertory Player's staff. We grant Mr. Green that
this fact was not contained on his program, due
to an oversight, but it has always been our belief
that a good newspaperman checks his facts.
As to whether or not Mr. Whitford Kane s
playwrighting friends do right by him we do not
claim to judge. Mr. Kane's friends Galsworthy
and St. John Ervine have done very well for
themselves for some little time now, and Mr.
Kane is probably as popular an actor as ever had
four jobs offered him at the same time. Further,
Mr. Kane's appearances in plays by Galsworthy
German Youth
GERMAN boys and girls may dance on
Wednesdays and Saturdays after
7 p.m. Der Fuehrer laid an interdict on all danc-
ing when the Norwegian campaign began. Now
he lifts it. Joy is supposed to reign, and the
masses will be grateful, will they not?
If they are, they're crazy, seems the obvious
answer to an American, btit that brings up the
whole problem of mass insanity. Since Edmund
Burke got off that crack about the impossibility
of indicting a whole people, most men have been
cautious about calling a whole nation mad. But
the researches of modern anthropology show
plainly enough that whole tribes can go nuts
and have done so frequently.
The underworld probably has the phrase for
it. It is "stir crazy," a common affliction among
men cooped up in a long house for a long time.
Is it not reasonable to expect this malady to be-
come quite general in a nation living under a
regime that approximates ever more closely the
institutionalism of Joliet and Chester? To be
perfectly frank about it, isn't the Machine Age
even outside the efficiency-mad totalitarian
states, a very severe tax upon the mental sta-
bility of man?
Another view of Der Fuehrer's policy with
respect to dancing might be that it is just
practical politics. To convert the everyday
amusements of a people into privileges, either
taxed or graciously granted from on high, is old
stuff in statecraft-which, by the way, consists
very largely of Tom Sawyer's technique of white-
washing the fence. When we reflect that in
America today the racket of selling folk what
they already own, or have a right to own, is
tremendously lucrative, we get another slant on
Der Fuehrer and the dance.

and Ervine have been among the most success-
ful in his long and distinguished career. Are
you listening, Mr. Green?
Finally we think it was fine of Mr. Green to
state boldly and unequivocally that Mr. Kane
had considerable acting talent. That ought to
make Mr. Kane feel just dandy. If he had any
doubts about it they should be resolved by now.
Hail and Farewell brother Green-your turn to
annoy us comes next week, or would you like
to do a guest column?
* * * *
WHILE WE ARE ON THE SUBJECT of the
arts we should like to throw a few bouquets at
the Music School's Sunday evening concerts.
Unfortunately we have been unable to attend
many but we did get to one where Thelma Lewis
sang very well indeed and looked beautiful.
That is indeed the rarest of achievements among
singers.
Also very much among those present was Ernst
Krenek, pianist, composer, theorist, conductor,
historian, musicologist and several other things.
Mr. Krenek piayed a suite of his own and we
liked it. We liked it for many reasons not the
least of which was Mr. Krenek's execution. He
sat down and played about eight measures of
the wierdest sounding music these ears ever took
in. Four fat school teachers in front of us went
down into convulsions. Then Mr. Krenek played
his music. It was without very definite attempt
to establish anything but mood. Scale, harmony,
and tradition were almost entirely forgotten. But
the mood, the brilliant allegri, the passionately
quiet adagio, came through. ,
We know Mr. Krenek has gone far beyond'this
early work. We have admired "Jonny Spielt Auf"
and other works for a long time. But the concern
with what music has to say rather than with
just how it is said is the best possible sign of a
musician. Let the technicians turn into book-
keepers.
Mr. Arthur Poister of Oberlin, played on the
same program. Simple and unassuming he
proved his unusual sensitivity in his playing of
Bach chorales, and an overwhelming technical
mastery of the organ with one of the great
fugues. His tour de force in pedalling out four
voices simultaneously remains with us. We could
have done without the trotting out of the vox
humana of the Frieze organ on the last number.
For two years we had not heard it and we were
just as happy. A cheap sensation is still cheap
even when a great artist pulls it off.
Our only real regret in regard to the music
this summer is that we have not heard more
of it. What we have heard indicates we are
missing a great deal.
Hot Weather Stuff
What with the Government's defense problems
and revenue problems, it's open season on freak
ideas in Washington. And the weather has been
pretty hot lately. So the latest suggestion for get-

Grin And Bear It ... By Lichty

afi' ."- f - 4

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