TNT. MYCHIC A N D A TTX
FRIDAY. AUGUST 2. 100
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THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Grin And Bear It
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Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
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use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all- other matters herein also
IEntered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
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CHICAGO ' BOSTON ' LOS ANGELES - SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Managing Editor ..............Carl Petersen
City Editor ...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors..........Harry M. Kelsey,
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NIGHT EDITOR: CARL PETERSEN
The Americas ...
T HE PROPORTIONS of the success
achieved at Havana are such as to
surprise even those whose hopes were heartily
with the conference. For others they measure
the first notable diplomatic setback in years.
It has been unpleasantly plain to all Amer-
icans since the conference was announced that
European totalitarians felt they had a direct
stake in its outcome. The Third Reich's spokes-
men conveyed threats both in diplomatic and
economic language to South American Govern-
ments. These warnings were intended to pre-
vent just such an outcome of the Havana meet-
ing as is now announced.
Havana, 1940, may well become the historical
symbol of a new phase in inter-American rela-
tions. For the agreement reached at this con-
ference, while designed for swift use in any
immediate emergency, contains fundamental
concepts which can base a long and happy de-
velopment of Pan-American solidarity.
As understood from latest dispatches the
agreement provides for swift action to defend
the New World from threats implicit in any
totalitarian attempts to seize European pos-
sessions in the Western Hemisphere. Its en-
forcement is said to rest on. those American
nations best equipped to enforce it.
Thus by common consent, it would appear,
the United States would act to defend the Mon-
roe Doctrine without having to wait for specific
approval of its action, and yet operate well with-
in the limits of the understanding reached at
Havana. On such a basis the development of
the Monroe Doctrine into an all-American pos-
session should be greatly speeded. Pretexts for
interpreting that doctrine as "disguised imperi-
alism" should be easy to, sweep aside now that
the common interest of all the Americas in its
vigorous application is recognized.
On the question of markets for American sur-
plusescand the menace of "fifthcolumn" activi-
ties, complete agreement is announced. But
the delegates evidently realized that the eco-
nomic phases of inter-American relations are
not simple, that they must be approached cau-
tiously, and that hemisphere defense could not
profitably be postponed until far-reaching eco-
nomic plans had been completed.
The success of the Havana conference has
been striking enough to cause some wonder as
to why it should have accomplished so much
more than many other Pan-American confer-
ences. The answer to that question is signifi-
cant. It should prevent Americans from be-
coming over-sanguine because of the results
so far achieved.
For the answer is to be found not alone in
Secretary Hull's persistent and tactful labors
for hemisphere understanding, though these la-
bors have been of incalculable importance.
Americans must look to Europe-to Berlin and
Rome-as well as to Washington, Buenos Aires
and other American capitals, to understand
the pressures that produced Havana. As thin
newspaper pointed out at the opening of the
conference, the drama at Havana has been
played against the backdrop of Europe.
The problems that made the calling of this
conference so urgent were problems-American
ones-that have arisen in Europe. That all
the Americas have recognized sufficiently the
menace of totalitarian expansionism to have
reached a new milestone in hemisphere rela-
tions is a hopeful sign. Possibly Americans are
appiroaching an understanding of their posi-
tion and responsibility in the world as a whole.
-Christian Science Monitor
A New American Solution
New America is confident that a democratic
national solution is possible for America. It
WASHINGTON-It looks as if certain big
business groups were using the national defense
program as an excuse to get out from under
some of their legal difficulties with the Justice
At any rate, the National Defense Advisory
Commission has suddenly stepped in to advise
the Anti-Trust Division of the Justice Depart-
ment to be more sympathetic toward the big
oil companies which now face their biggest anti-
trust battle in years.
Assistant Attoney General Thurman Arnold
has been preparing the suit in order to force
the big oil companies to separate the produc-
tion and refining of oil from the selling of oil.
He claims to have evidence showing that through
this "monopolistic" control, the public is being
overcharged $150,000,000 a year on high-test
Arnold was all set to file the suit last week-
when the National Defense Commission stepped
in. While it didn't demand that the action be
dropped, it argued very forcefully that such a
suit would be a disruptive factor at a time when
the Government is trying to get industry to
make heavy capital outlays for defense pur-
Taking an active part in this behind the
scenes was Blackwell Smith, youthful acting
general counsel of the Defense Commission and
one-time general counsel of the NRA. Smith
was a militant foe of anti-monopoly laws while
working under the Blue Eagle, and even more
so during subsequent years as a New York cor-
Note--Since Smith returned to Washington,
Arnold has discovered that, although an officer
of the Defense Commission, he discussed a pri-
vate case in which his firm is interested with
members of Arnold's staff.
MEANWHILE Arnold is very much on the spot.
He has been deluged with demands from
members of Congress and independent oilmen
that he proceed with his anti-trust suit. They
got wind of it and want to know why he's stall-
ing. One influential Western senator called in
person to obtain an explanation.
When Arnold told him about the Defense
Commission's objections, the senator blew up.
"You mean to tell me," he shouted, "that we've
got to bribe big business to be patriotic? 'Why
should we allow the big oil companies ,$150,000,-
000 in unjustified profits in order to get them
to cooperate on the national defense program?
"If they don't want 'to cooperate without
being bribed, let's make an issue of that. The
public would like to know about it."
Government Tin Business
FOLLOWING recent Merry-Go-Round dis-
closures on tin, it can now be stated that
plans are afoot to set up a government corpora-
tion under the RFC to buy tin ore direct from
Bolivia for smelting in the United States.
This was necessary to give the Bolivians as-
surance of a permanent agency to take their
ore. They would be reluctant to abandon their
former market in England for a market in this
country that might wash out at the end of the
The Bolivian government will be asked to buy
all the tin produced by its private mines, thus
establishing a complete government monopoly
over sale of the ore. This is necessary to give
the United States assurance of a steady flow
of tin from Bolivia.
With these two assurances, it will be econom..
ically feasible to establish smelting plants in
this country, thus put an end to the anomaly
of having the world's largest tin user dependent
upon foreign countries to haul tin ore across
the ocean, smelt it in Liverpool, and haul it
T HAT ACCEPTANCE SPEECH Wendell Will-
kie is writing is one of the toughest jobs
he's ever tackled ! It can make him or break him.
Willkie has got to crack two of the hardest
political nuts ever handed a GOP standard
bearer: the power issue and foreign policy.
Even under normal conditions the power issue
is pure TNT, particularly in the West, which is
strong for public power. For Willkie, with his
Wall Street and utility background, the handling
of this issue so it doesn't explode in his face is
Perhaps even more difficult is the question
of foreign affairs and its closely related problem
of compulsory military service. On the latter,
Willkie has never declared himself and the Re-
publican platform also is silent. He is going
to have to clear his ground-and clear it clear
With a bill before Congress and members of his
party divided, he will have to give some kind
of categoric answer.
Roosevelt has declared for "universal train..
ing," although so far he has not expressed a
view on the pending bill. But his leaders are
for it and it's generally considered an Adminis-
On foreign policy, particularly on aid to the
British, the President's record is an open book.
And so was Willkie's until he was nominated.
Since that moment not one word has come from
him on this all-important topic, though he has
talked daily on various other matters.
It's understandable that he would ponder it-
so carefully. There are certain to be brickbats
whatever he says. Not only is the country split
on foreign policy, but also his own party.
It didn't leak out at the time, but when Willkie
visited Washington early last month, the GOP
isolationists, led by Senator Vandenberg, tried
to corral the new candidate and give him a big
isolationist sales talk; warning him to pipe down
on aiding the British. But Willkie sidestepped
the bloc and they didn't get a chance to put on
Meanwhile, Willkie hasn't given the pro-ally
group, who were among his strongest conven-
tion backers, any comfort either. But he can-
not very well keep up this silence beyond his
Note-Regardless of what Willkie says, run-
ning-mate Senator Charles McNary, is isola-
tionist and pro-public power. He intends to say
so in his acceptance speech late this month.
ANOTHER PARTY LEADER in line for a key
place in the impending Democratic National
Committee reorganization is Joe Davies, former
Ambassador to Russia and Belgium. An able
politician of many acquaintances, Davies is
slated for National Treasurer to replace Oliver
Quale, close lieutenant of Jim Farley -.-
j 4E6 caoi a es n
lt~eg Ut7 S.Fat oft.,All Eta s .eLI
"I was disappointed with Yellowstone Park-it didn't look nearly
so impressive as it did on. one of your stamps!"
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
The Straight Dope
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
of the Summer Session before 3:30
P. M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A. M.
The English Department will give
its second tea today, August 2,
from 4:30 to 6 p.m. in the Assembly
Room, 3rd floor of the Rackham
Building. All graduate students in
English are cordially invited to at-
Vibration Problems Symposium,
under the direction of Professor S.
Timoshenko, will be held today,
August 2, at 7 p.m. in Room 311 West
Engineering Building. Professor L. S.
Jacobsen of Stanford University will
lecture on "Vibration of Building
Models Subjected to Earthquakes".
All interested are cordially invited
Linguistic Institute Lecture, "The
Lexicon," will be given by Professor
Leonard Bloomfield, in the Amphi-
theater of the Rackham Building, at
7:30 p.m. today.
Piano Recital, Mrs. Evelyn-Mae
Durmeyer Fillion, pianist, of Wor-
cester, Massachusetts, will give a re-
cital in partial fulfillment of the re-
quirements of the Master of Music
degree, this evening, August 2, at
8:15 p.m., in the School of Music
Auditorium. The public is invited to
"Escape", by John Galsworthy, is
playing tonight, in the Lydia Men-
delssohn Theatre, at 8:30. Galswor-
thy's play is the sixth to be produced
this summer by the Michigan Reper-
tory Players'. Tickets are on sale at
the box office.
Internal Combustion Engine Insti-
tute Lectures, "Aircraft Vibrations"
by Mr. G. L. Williams, Pratt and
Whitney Aircraft; and "High Alti-
tude Flying," by Mr. H. V. Shebat,
Wright Aeronautical Corporation,
will be given in the Amphitheater of
the Rackham Building at 9 a.m. Sat-
urday, August 3.
Graduate Record Program will be
held on Saturday, Aug. 3 from 3 to
5 p.m. in the Men's Lounge of the
Rackham Building. The program
consists of: Prelude and Fugue in F
minor by Bach; El Salon Mexico by
Aaron Copland; En Saga by Sibelius;
The Rites of Spring by Strawinsky;
Siegfried Idyll by Wagner and Sym-
phony in F Minor by Vaughan-Wil-
1. Dr. Charles Hockett will be in'
charge. All are invited to attend.
Graduate Outing Club will meet
on Sunday, August 4 at 2:30 p.m. in
the rear of the Rackham Building
for an outing to Silver Lake. Swim-
ming, softball and outdoor supper
with a weenie roast. There is an ur-
gent need for cars. All graduate stu-
dents, faculty and alumni welcome.
Band Concert: The University of
Michigan Summer Session Band,
Frank Simon, Guest Conductor, will
give a program Sunday afteroon at
Hill Auditorium at 4:15 p.m. The
general public with the exception of
small children, is invited without ad-
Summer Vespers: The final Sum-
mer Vespers will be held in Hill Audi-
torium Sunday evening at 8 o'clock.
ulty concert to be given in Hill Audi-
torium, Tuesday evening, August 6,
at 8:30 p.m.. The general public with
the exception of small children are
invited without admission charge.
Charles A. Sink
Cercle Francais. The annual ban-
quet of the Cercle Francais will be
held in the Terrace Room, second
floor of the Union, Wednesday, Au-
gust 7 at 7 p.m. The price of the din-
ner is included in the dues paid by
Members of the Summer Teaching
Staff or students desiring to attend
are requested to notify Mr. Jobin or
Miss McMullan of the Foyer, Tele-
phone 2-2547. The price per plate is
The University Bureau of- Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examination. Last date
for filing application, August 26,
UNITED STATES CIVIL SERVICE
Senior Illustrator (Air-Brush), sal-
ary $2,300 a year.
Illustrator (Air-Brush), salary $2,-
000 a year.
Assistant Illustrator (Air-Brush),
salary $1,800 a year.
Junior Illustrator (Air-Brush), sal-
ary $1,620 a year.
Graduate Speech Students: All
students who plan to complete the
requirements for the Master's de-
gree in Speech in August should leave
their names with Miss McIntyre at
3211 Angell Hall.
Speech Students: Students enrol-
led in Speech courses and all others
interested are invited to attend the
Speech Conference to be held by the
Department of Speech as follows:
Monday, August 5. 9. a.m. to 12-
Registration. (Office of Department
of Speech, 3211 Angell Hall.)
2 to 3:30 p.m.-Conference on "Prob-
lems in the Teaching of Speech."
(4203 Angell Hall.)
3:30 to 5 p.m.-Conference on
"Problems in the Directing of For-
ensics." (4003 Angell Hall.)
8 p.m.-Demonstration Debate on
the National High School Question.
(Lecture Hall, Horace H. Rackham
School of Graduate Studies.)
Tuesday, August 6, 9 to 10 a.m.-
Demonstration Class in "Studies in
Reading and Dramatics." (Auditor-
ium of the W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
10 to 11 a.m.-Demonstration Class
in "The Study of Speech Disorders."
(Auditorium of the W. K. Kellogg
11 a.m. to 12-Demonstration Class
in "Structure and Function of Voice
and Speech." (Auditorium of the W.
K. Kellogg Institute.)
2 to 3 p.m.-Demonstration in Ra-
dio-including a broadcast over Sta-
tion WCAR. (Morris Hall Studio.)
3 to 4 p.m.-Conference on "Or-
ganizing and Producing Radio Pro-
grams." (Morris Hall Studio.)
3 to 5 p.m.-Conference on "Prob-
lems in Speech Correction." (Speech
Clinic in the Institute for Human
8 p.m.-Program of Individual and
Choral Readings. (Auditorium of the
W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
Wednesday, August 7, 9 to 10 a.m.
--Demonstration Class in "Funda-
mentals of Speech." (Auditorium of
the W. K. Kellogg Institute.)
10 to 11 a.m.-Demonstration Class
in "Prinsiples and Methods of Dis-
cussion." (Auditorium of the W. K.
11 a.m. to 12-Demonstration Class
in "The Teaching of Speech." (Audi-
torium of the W. K. Kellogg Insti-
12:15 p.m.-Speech Luncheon, six-
ty-five cents. (Ballroom of the Michi-
3 to 5 p.m.-Conference on "Prob-
lems of Dramatic Production." (Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre.)
8:30 p.m.-Performance of "Pa-
tience" (Gilbert and Sullivan) by the
Michigan Repertory Players of the
Department of Speech. (Lydia Men-
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for August 1940, to be recom-
mended by the School of Education,
are requested to call at the office of
the School of Education, 1439 U.E.S.
on August 1, 2, 6, or 7 to take the
Teacher Oath which is a requirement
for the certificate.
Unidentifiable mail is being held
in Room 1, University Hall, for the
Kennedy, Prof. George
King, Dr. Walter G.
McIntyre, Prof. H. J.
Montigny, de Joachim
Reese, Dr. Hansa. .
Engineering Seniors: Diploma ap-
plication blanks must be filled out
in the Secretary's Office, 263 West
Engineering Building, before August
12, for graduation after Summer
C. B. Green
The University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information
has received notice of the following
Civil Service Examinations. Last date
for filing application is noted in each
Michigan Civil Service
Social Worker, salary range, $105
to $125, August 21, 1940.
Attendant Nurse, salary range, $90
to $110, August 10, 1940.
Prison Guard, salary range, $115
to $135, August 9, 1940.
City Of Detroit Civil Service
Last date of examination is noted
in each case: Application must be
made one week prior to date of the
Electrical Repairman, August 12,
Electrical Worker (Traffic Con-
trol), August 12, 1940.
Construction Equipment Operator
(Gasoline), August 19, 1940.
Construction Equipment Operator
(General), August 19, 1940.
Complete announcement filed at
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Information,
201 Mason Hall. Office hours: 9-12
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information
Examination Schedule for Six-
Week Courses in Education:
Time of Regular Time of
Class Meetings Examinations
8 a.m. Fri., 4-6 p.m.
9 a.m.' Sat., 7-9 a.m.
10 a.m. Sat., 1-3 p.m.
11 a.m. Sat., 9-11 a.m.
1 p.m. Sat., 11 a.m. - 1 p.m.
2 p.m. Fri., 2-4 p.m.
3 p.m. Sat., 3-5 p.m.
Prof. Harold J. McFarlan of the
department of geodesy and surveying
presented the opening address yes-
terday at the surveying branch of
the Society for the Promotion of En-
gineering Education now in session
at Camp Case, Loudenville, O.
Professor McFarlan spoke to the
meeting on the subject "How to teach
surveying to make it of primary im-
portance in an engineer's education."
WE NOTE with some pleasure that our old
friend, Dr. Clarence Dykestra, President of
the University of Wisconsin, is in the news again.
We knew Dr. Dykestra down at Ohio State in the
days when he was a whiz-bang teacher and
when his talents as a city manager and academic
executive were almost unknown. He was a sxell
guy back there, and his stature seems to have
grown considerably since.
The Governor of Wisconsin, one Julius Heil,
recently sent a memorandum to the regents of
that university requesting them to deny admis-
sion to those students suspected of having "dis-
loyal opinions" and to dismiss all faculty mem-
bers suspected of having an interest in "subver-
sive" forms of government. The governor also
recommended "discretion" to the faculty and
students of the university.
At this point Dr. Dykestra stepped. After a
three-hour meeting with the regents a memor-
andum was sent back to the governor couched
in language Shakespeare might have envied and
in terms that Patrick Henry would have ap-
plauded. With considerable tact Dr. Dykestra
(and the regents) stated that the faculty was
loyal, that it applauded the governor in his
concern with the morals of the university but
that it felt his concern was needless.
THE MEMORANDUM further stated that ac-i
cording to state law, and the Northwest
Ordinance it was impossible for the university
to deny admission to anyone for "sectarian or
political" opinions. It questioned the desirability
of any change. As to the faculty the word was
passed along that they would ',ontinue "to dis-
cuss and winnow all the facts, from which pro-
cedure alone the ,ruth may be found."
In short, in a very nice way, the governor
was told that Wisconsin proposed to remain a
free university and that political repression
and academic suppression would be given no
foothold. Wisconsin will continue to rank among
faculty and students. This reference is to Ohio
State University, a school we once loved very
fondly but which is rapidly becoming a tre-
Fifteen years ago Ohio State was one of this
country's great centers of learning. Men like
Dykestra, Cowley (now president of Hamilton)
Wilkie (now dean at Oberlin), Odegard (now of
Cornell), and many another, including the fa-
mous Miller and psychologists like Hull and
Goddard made of Ohio State the prize center
of academic distinction for the Midwest. Then
the state government took a hand.
POLITICAL PRESSURE was applied and a
famous professor was fired at the request
of the trustees. Six others resigned. Others
took almost any other available post. Today
a profesor at Ohio State will take almost any
other position available just to get away. Re-
placements are made from the bottom up. Young
assistants take over professor's classes.
Money that should have built up the library
was squandered on political projects. Wealthy
alumni refused gifts to a school so prostituted.
The string of resignations and dismissals con-
tinues. The net result is that Ohio State is at
the mercy of the state government, no longer
is able to fight back, and is now a second-rate
university which is rapidly becoming a third-
The moral of the tale was evidently clear to
Dykestra. No retreat on the grounds of aca-
demic freedom is the only possible salvation for
a state university. There is no substitute for
integrity. If freedom is lost, all is lost. Even
the gifts of the wealthy invariably go to a free
school. The rich know what will happen to their
donated money if the political hacks get their
hands on it. The same meeting that saw the
slap given to Governor Heil saw acceptance of
sixty thousand dollars in gifs. Last year Ohio
State was unable to raise a similar amount by
a concerted campaign directed at all its thou-