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August 02, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-08-02

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Editoril
Victory For
The Americas .. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 34 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 2, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Msgr. Babcock
Is Named Head
Of University
CatholicParish
Religious Unit To Be First
Made Distinct Parish
On Michigan Campus
Fr. Berry To Aid
Students' Pastot
The Very Rev. Msgr. Allen J. Bab-
cock has been named by Archbishop
Edward Mooney of Detroit to head
a Catholic students' parish here, the
first student religious group on the
Michigan campus to become a dis-
tinct parish with its own pastor.
Monsignor Babcock, recently re-
turned from Rome, Italy, where he
served as vice-rector of the North
American College for three years,
was assistant in charge of the St.
Mary's Student Chapel here for
eight years, 1928-1936.
Rev. Clair J. Berry, who has been
in charge of the St. Mary's Student
Chapel as assistant pastor at St.
Thomas Church, was appointed as-
sistant pastor of the new parish.
The new pastor announced Thuts-
day that he planned an immediate
campaign to clear the chapel's in-
debtedness and that support of Cath-
olic alumni would be enlisted in this
endeavor.
This would be the first step, he
said, in an effort to coordinate and
expand the spiritual, educational and
social program offered the 1,250
Catholic students at the University
by the Chapel. He predicted greater
achievement since there would now
be two priests devoting full time to
the needs of the Catholic students.
On the threshold of a new era,
Catholic students looked back to the
year 1915, when the late Rev. Mi-
chael P. Bourke pioneered a drive
for a student chapel on the campus.
His efforts over a ten-year period
culminated in the dedication of the
chapel in February, 1925.
Father Bourke, until his death in
February, 1928, worked with students
here as assistant to the late Rev.
Edward D. Kelly and then later was
appointed chaplain at St. Joseph's
Hospital.
25 Students
Enter Naval
ROTC Here
Captain Davidson Arrives
To Take Over Post
As Commander
Twenty-five prospective naval re-
servists filed applications in the first
day of registration for the new Naval
Reserve Officers Training Corps to
be established here.
Capt. Lyal A. Davidson, comman-
der of the local unti, arrived today
to take over his post, and announced
that a staff of six instructors will
assist in the instruction here next
fall.
Limited to a quota of 80 students,
the unit here will take only fresh-
men for the four-year course. Those
completing the four-year course will
receive commissions as ensigns in

the naval reserve, and will be elegible
for special appointment to the U.S.
naval academy at Annapolis and the
naval air station in Pensacola, Fla.
The training course will cover nav-
igation, naval history, seamanship,
communications, ordinance, gunnery,
naval engineering, naval tactics, ad-
ministration, aviation and milit ry
law. The course will in general offer
instruction, in a more condensed
form, of all subjects taught at Anna-
polis.
Under the leadership of Capt. Da-
vidson, the young midshipmen will
be taken each year on summer cruises
to far-flung ports.
White Russian
Shot In Japan
SHANGHAI, Aug. 2 (Friday).
-(P)-Charles Metzler, head of
the White Russian community
here, was assassinated by gunmen
this morning in the International

To Be Comptroller

Rep. Lindsay Warren of North
Carolina is shown receiving con-
gratulations in Washington after
the White House announced that
he would be nominated comptroller
general.
Linguists Tell
What Meaning
ReallyMeans
Discuss Semantics During
Weekly Luncheon Meet;
Bloomfield Talks Today
Differing attitudes, sometimes con-
trasting sharply, sometimes supple-
mentary to each other, appeared
when linguisticascholars here for the
Linguistic Ihstitute engaged in a
free-for-all discussion of semantics
or the study of meaning at the reg-
ular weekly luncheon conference yes-
terday.
Prof. C. C. Fries, opening the sym-
posium, presented the basic concep-
In the fourth of his series of
lectures dealing with basic con-
cepts in linguistic study, Prof.
Leonard Bloomfield, chairman
of the department of compar-
ative philology of the University
of Chicago, tonight will offer an
explanation of 'The Lexicon."
The lecture is scheduled for 7:30
p.m. in the Rackham Building
Amphitheater.
tion that meaning is the sum total of
the experience brought into atten-
tion by the stimulue of a linguistic
form or symbol. "Thus meaning," he
asserted, "is a much more highly in-
dividualized thing than is commonly
supposed. Yet it is true that for dif-
ferent individuals, with different to-
talities of experience thus brought
into attention, there is nevertheless
a common core of experience which
provides the basis for using the sym-
bol in the process of communication."
"A dictionary editor," Professor
Fries continued, "gathers as many
contextual examples of a word as he
can find, and then tries to extract
the common core of experience
brought into dominant attention.
Often, of course, there are several
such cores, as different aspects of
the total experience have been em-
phasized at different times. That is
why 'horn,' for instance, has a varie-
ty of meanings or senses, depending
upon whether the material, or the
shape, or the resulting noise is
stressed in any given situation.".
Speaking from the point of view of
(Continued on Page 3)

Nazis Claim
Decisive Sea,
Air Victories
Military Observers Say
'Major Attack' On Isle
Is Already Under Way
England Prepares
Offensive Moves
(By the Associated Press)
BERLIN, August 1. - Germany
claimed victories tonight for a West-
ern Atlantic raider and for the Luft-
waffe (Air Arm) with which she
hopes to stagger Britain sufficiently
for a knockout blow or, short of that,
force her into surrender,
German military observers insist
the "major attack" on Britain is
now under way, indicating that in-
creased pressure by sea and air is
the present strategy-rather than
immediate land invasion.
At the same time Germany moved
to avert any suggestion of disorder
in the Dutch part of her vast, war-
worn military domain in Western
Europe by warning Netherlands not
to demonstrate in favor of the refu-
gee Royal Family when Dutch Me-
morial Day is celebrated next week,
under penalty of severe prosecution.
Germany's war reports were classi-
fied thus:
Western Atlantic:
A German auxiliary cruiser (con
verted merchant ship) heavily dam-
aged and put to flight the armed
British merchant cruiser Alcantara
in battle off the Brazilian coast last
Sunday and is continuing a hit-and-
run warfare on British shipping.
DNB, official news agency, said
heavy hits forced the 22,209-ton for-
mer Royal Mail liner quickly to break
off the running gun duel and seek
the shelter of neutral Rio de Janeiro
Harbor. (The British declared the
raider showed no inclination to come
to close quarters and fled after a
"lucky shot" reduced the Alcantara's
speed. The Alcantara put into Rio
de Janeiro Harbor today for repairs.)
British Isles:
Despite adverse weather, Nazi air-
men yesterday and last night bombed
shipping in the English Channel and
on the Atlantic side of the Scilly is-
lands, on Land's End, southwestern-
most England, and southern English
ports and searchlight positions. Ex-
plosions and fires were "observed."
Removes Road Blocks
For War On Wheels'
(By the Associated Press)
LONDON, Aug. 1.-Great Britain
has so strengthened herself against
invasion that tonight she was pre-
paring elaborately for an "offensive
defense." This entailed removal of
barriers once counted on to slow an
enemy but now cast out as handicaps
to her own troops' mobility.
An order today by the new Com-
mander-in-Chief, General Sir Alan
Brooke, to remove many of the steel
and concrete traps and road blocks
studding roadways throughout Eng-
land announced this startling shift
of strategy.
It is a return to the traditional
theory that attack is the best de-
fense-provided there is sufficient
man-and machine-power to execute
it. Now a trained and equipped army
and Home Guard of several million
men has converted Britain into an
armed camp.
Britain is ready for a hard-hitting
war on wheels.

Edward Flynn To Head
Democratic Committee
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-(lP7)
Edward J. Flynn, of New York,
a leader in the pre-Convention
campaign to renominate President
Roosevelt for a third term, ac-
cepted today the chairmanship of
the Democratic National Commit-
tee.
He succeeds another New York-
er, James A. Farley, under whose
direction two Democratic cam-
paigns rolled up huge majorities
for Mr. Roosevelt. With this in
mind, Flynn announced:
"I intend that this campaign
shall be as thorough as though
the results were doubtful. I do
not hope to equal the record of
my predecessor and friend, Jim
Farley, but-I will do my best."
Flynn was picked for the job
at a White House meeting today
of the President, his running
mate, Secretary Wallace, and d,
committee appointed at the Chi-
cago Conventiop4. He will take
over formally August 17, when
Farley steps out of office to be-
come president of the New York
Yankees Ball Club.
Lawrence W. Robert and Oliver
A. Quayle, secretary and trea-
surer, respectively, were chosen
at the Convention for new four-
year terms.
At the White House it was said
Flynn and Farley would hold a
series of conferences between now
and August 17 and that the two
would be associated quite closely
throughout the campaign.
Krause Pitches
Reds To I-M
Championship
Big Fifth Inning Upsets
Pitchers Battle; Victors
Pound 4 Runs Around
By MYRON DANN
Opening and closing the season in
a blaze of glory, "Phantom"' Phil
Krause shut out th Trojans with a
single run to give the Reds the In-
tramural Softball Championship by
a 4 to 1 score at South Ferry Field
yesterday.
In his first appearance of the
season, the Antego, Wisconsin, school
teacher pitched a no-hitter against
the Super Dupers.
The game was a pitchers' battle
for the first four innings as neither
Krause nor Don Farnum, Trojan
hurler, permitted a man to cross
home plate. But in the fifth inning
things took a turn for the worse
for the Trojans when the Reds push-
ed across four runs before the side
could be retired. Cunningham led
off the "big fifth" with a single to
right and went to second as Round
reached first on an infield error.
Keglouvitz then singled to deep short
filling the bases. Owen came through
in the pinch by delivering a sharp
single to center scoring both Round
and Cunningham with the first runs
of the game and sending Keglouvitz
to third. The fourth ball to Powire
was a wild pitch scoring Keglouvitz
and sending Owen to third later to
score on Krause's long fly to center.
The Trojans scored their only run
in the last inning after two were out
when Jones singled to right and
scored on successive singles by pit-
cher Farnum and centerfielder Simp-
son.

Merrim Declares .A merica Can
Face Future With Confidence
'We Have Said Goodbye To An Era' Chicago Professor
Tells American Culture Institute

Premier Hits Imperialist'
Designs Within Nation;
Foresees Intervention
stimson Diseloses
Anti-Alien Moves

By HARRY M. KELSEY
"I am sure the world will never be
the same again. We have said good-
bye to an era. We must now take a
position which will have behind it
the unity of the nation and the power
of the American democracy. In a
crisis, a nation may prove to be a
rope of sand or a ring of fire. What-
ever we choose, our course will re-
quire broad modifications in our at-
titudes and in our practices. We are
not going backward, but forward."
These are the words of Prof. Char-
les E. Merriam of the University of
Chicago, who yesterday gave the
closing lecture in the five week series
of the Graduate Study Program in
American Culture and Institutions.
Professor Merriam left his announ-
ced subject, "The Function of Politi-
cal Parties," to speak on world affairs,
saying there are not going to be po-
litical parties when there are no
countries in which they can exist.
If America watches the Allied pow-
ers go down, we must then be pre-
pared to take up the burdens of pro-
tecting and policing the world of
democratic ideals and institutions
along with our national core of in-
dustrial and material interests, he
claimed.
"For my part," he asserted, "I hold

that America will come triumphant
through this, the greatest ordeal of
modern times, triumphant not mere-
ly in a material or in a military
sense, but triumphant in the higher
an finer values where life really
dwells in its fullness."
America, Professor Merriam main-
tained, will take its place and assume
its share of responsibility in shaping
and maintaining a jural order of
the world, in lifting human relations
to new levels of order and justice.
He predicted that America will
work out a program built upon a
national unity which will raise the
volume of national production and
at the same time raise the standards
of living in accordance with the prin-
ciples of social justice. "Our vast
national resources, our dynamic ener-
gy, our inventiveness and resource-
fulness, our organizing ability and
our huge economy with its rich pow-
ers of expansion make this a possi-
bility," he stated.
"This is not the task of soft hearts
and hands alone, but of hard heads
and tough temper," Professor Mer-
riam concluded. "America will main-
tain its free society, industrial and
political, stream-lined to meet the
changing conditions of modern life.

m-i

olotoff Criticizes U. S.;
81 Alien Agents' Seized
In Panama Canal Zone

Crew Caused
Train Wreck
Crumpled Orders Indicate
Men's Responsibility
AKRON, O., Aug. 1.-(P')-A crum-
pled copy of trainman's orders, found
on the conductor of a Pennsylvania
Railroad motor coach in which 43
persons perished, tonight backed up
the road's declaration that the
crew's "disregard" of instructions
was responsible for the tragedy.
The order provided that the motor
coach should take a siding and allow
a 73-car freight train to pass. In-
stead, the coach's crew continued a
mile past the siding, down the Penn-
sylvania's Hudson to Akron single
track, and crashed head-on with the
freight.
Investigators said a copy of the
order issued to the freight train
crew was found is the clothing of
conductor Harry Shafer, 57, one of
the trio who survived the fiery crash.
Similar orders had been issued to the
coach crew, the railroad said, ex-
plaining that each crew of trains
ordered to "meet" gets a copy of the
instructions issued to the other crew,
The railroad said in a statement:
"The crew of the motor coach not
only disregarded their orders to stop
at switch No. 1 at Silver Lake -and
to vait in the siding, but, in con-
tinuing on the main track from Sil-
ver Lake toward Akron, disregarded
another rigid rule, as permission was
required from the block (signal) op-
erator at Hudson to make this fur-
ther movement. This permission was
not obtained."

Willkie. .Solicits
Non-Partisans
GOP Candidate To Seek
Independents' Vote
COLORADO SPRINGS, Aug. 1.-
(P)-Wendell L. Willkie said today
fully half of the country's voters
are independent and that they
"cross party lines very easily."
Willkie spoke to a press conference
in company with William Allen
White Emporia, Kan., editor. White
asserted voters no longer could be
counted on "blocks," such a labor,
agriculture and business and added
that he believed Willkie would carry
Kansas "unless some things happen
before November."
Willkie remarked that independent
voters had been increasing for 25
years and that the number had
grown particularly in the last five
or six years.
White asserted independents are
"a definite minority that might be-
come a majority" in any election.
Willkie, in response to questions,
said he was in substantial agreement
with White's views. He added that
most recent elections had been de-
termined by the independent voter.
White said opposition to electing
a President for a third term was "a
very definite factor" in general sup-
port of Willkie.
The nominee said he had been in-
terested in reading census figures
forvarious cities. He added he would
"have something to say" later on
regarding the fact Washington's
(population had increased from 486,-
1 869 to 663,153 in the last decade.

By WITT HANCOCK
MOSCOW, Aug. 1.-MP)-"Imperi-
ilist designs" in the United States
nay turn the war into a "World Im-
perialist" struggle, Premier-Foreign
Miinister Vyacheslaff Molotoff told
the Supreme Soviet today in pre-
icting that England would be "as-
isted" by America in fighting Ger-
many and Italy.
His speech was filled with antag-
nism toward England and the
United States and at one point he
said he hesitated to dwell on Russian
relations with the United States be-
cause "there is nothing good that
can be said about them."
'Appetites Growing'
"Imperialist appetites are grow-
ing," he told the Supreme Soviet
(Parliament), "not only in distant
Japan but also in the United States,
where there are not a few people
who like to conceal their imperialist
designs behind well-advertised 'con-
cern' for the interests of the entire
'Western Hemisphere' which these
gentlemen are prepared to turn into
their property with all its numerous
republics and with the colonial pos-
sessions of other countries on islands
in the neighborhood of the American
continent."i
Germany, Molotoff said, will have
the advantage of a "calm feeling of
security in the east," thanks to the
Russo-German non-aggression pact.
Relations with Italy, Germany's ally,
also "have lately improved."
But as for America: "there are
certain people in the United States
who are not pleased with successes
of Soviet foreign policy in the Baltic
countries," the Premier-Foreign
Commissar observed. "But we are
not worried. We can get along with-
out the help of these displeased gen-
tlemen."
Energetic Protest
"However," Molotoff continued,
"the fact that authorities in the
United States unlawfully placed an
embargo on gold which our State
Bank recently purchased from the
banks of Lithuania, Latvia and Es-
thonia meets with a most energetic
protest on our part.
"In this case we can only remind
both the Government of the United
States and the Government of Great
Britain, which adopted the same pro-
cedure, of their responsibility for
these illegal acts."
Josef Stalin, Secretary-General of
the Communist Party and Dictator
of Russia, attended the session in a
special booth.
Move Taken To Protect
Vital Defense Zone
By RICHARD L. TURNER
WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-(P)-A
broad cleanup of aliens in the Pana-
ma Canal Zone, involving the de-
tention of 81 persons described as
foreign agents, was tersely announ-
ced today by Secretary of War Stim-
son.
As the result of a painstaking
check, he said, all aliens, other than
Panamanians, have been discharged
from the employment of either the
Army or the Canal Zone, for the pro-
tection of that vital link in the
American defense system.
The secretary of War made his
disclosure at the end of a day which
saw the peace-time Conscription Bill
and the measure authorizing the mo-
bilization of the National Guard and
the Reserve Officers Training Corps
for ttraining purposes encountered
new delays in the Senate.
A senatorial proposal that the
number of conscripts be limited to
1,000,000 forced the Senate Military
Committee to postpone final action
on the draft bill until after War De-
partment officials can be heard.
Leaders agreed to defer Senate con-
sideration of the National Guard
measure until next week, in compli-
ance with requests from several leg-
i~n~nm nr oretimeto ,uf th

/

President Canvasses Problems
Raised By Pan-American Deal

WASHINGTON, Aug. 1.-P)-
Problems which would be posed for
the United States if events forced
the Pan-American nations to estab-
lish a trusteeship over European
possessions in this hemisphere were
canvassed today by President Roose-
velt and Army and Navy heads.
Sumner Welles, Acting Secretary
of State, also attended the confer-
ence with Admiral Harold R. Stark,
Chief of Naval Operations, and Gen-
eral George C. Marshall, army chief
of staff.
While they were meeting, another
phase of the Administration's pro-
gram for defense of the Western
Hemisphere was advanced a step at
fli rInnit-

concerned chiefly with the military
and naval problems which would be
involved in the establishment of a
trusteeship over any Western Hemi-
sphere territory threatened with a
change of sovereignty from one Eu-
ropean nation to another.
The recent Havana Conference
provided for the American nations
to assume such a trusteeship jointly.
Any dispatch of armed forces, how-
ever, would have to be by the United
States since no other American na-
tion is in a position to take such a
step.
The trusteeship proposal was ad-
vanced at the Havana meeting by
Secretary Hull. Returning here to-
day, the Secretary of State warmly
nraised thea ttitr f the Havanat

'Our Wcdly' Is
Coming Home
With A Duke
LISBON. Portugal, Aug. 1.-UP)-
The Duchess of Windsor and other
passengers aboard the U.S.-bound
American export liner Excalibur
tapped their collective heels for forty
minutes past sailing time tonight'
while waiting for the Duke of Wind-
sor.
The Excalibur sailed at 8:15 p.m.
(2 p.m. EST) after the Duke arrived
to join his Duchess. It is due in
New York Aug. 9.
Presumably British warships lurked
behind the Excalibur to protect the
Duke from seizure by German or
Italian raiders.
The couple was listed as "Captain
and Mrs. Wood." It's believed they
will spend only a short time in New
York before going to Nassau to be-

i
I
e
f
t

Staff Of Scientists Will Assist
Visitors At Biological Station

Experts on all phases of biology,
zoology and botany will be on hand
Sunday at the University Biological
Station on Douglas Lake to discuss
any problems the public may wish to
bring with it when it invades the
Station for the annual Visitors Day
program from 2 p.m. to 5 p.m.
Besides the regular teaching staff,
six visiting investigators are studying
biological problems at the Station
this summer. They are Mr. Sterling
Brackett of the University of North

ard of the zoology department, who
is director of the Biological Station;
Profs., Paul S. Welch and Frank E.
Eggleton of the zoology department
and Profs. Carl D. La Rue and Wil-
liam C. Steere of the botany depart-
ment.
From other colleges and univer-
sities to the Station teaching staff
come Prof. Frank C. Gates of Kan-
sas State College's botany depart-
ment; Prof. Herbert B. Hungerford,
head of the department of entomolo-

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