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July 28, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-28

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Weather
Partly Cloudy Sunday;
Showers Monday

LI L

A6igun

743a. il

Editorial
No Passports
Needed .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. L. No. 30 !L-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JULY 28, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

I

Havana Delegates
Design Program
For Hemisphere

Rockwell, Marckwardt And Kurath
Address Linguists At Final Session
Colgate Professor Attacks The Division Of Language As 'Correct' And 'Incorrect';
Middlewestern And Atlantic Dialect Differences Are Described

Anti-Conscription

Faction Is Joined
By Senator Taft

Adoption Expected Before
Pan-American Parley
Adjourns On Tuesday
Reich Gives Orders
To Carve Rumania
(By the Associated Press)
A defensive and economic program
described as designed to shock rude-
ly any aggressive-minded foreign
power with western hemisphere as-
pirations was all but signed and
sealed at the Pan-American confer-
ence in Havana last (Saturday)
night.
This, the Urtited States' main ob-
jetive, was virtually a declaration
that tite 20 other American repub-
lics would support this country's en-
orcement o fthe Monroe Doctrine.
The program awaits formal adop-
tion before adjournment Tuesday, but
committee approval already obtained
was said to insure its success.
The three main points call for cre-
ation of machinery under which any
European possessions in this hemi-
sphere might be taken under protec-
tive administration; establishing of
an economic framework to take care
of export burdens and guard against
unfair trade terms by foregin coun-
tries, and close American consulta-
tion to prevent "fifth column" activi-
ties or the abuse of privileges by for-
eign diplomatic agents.
Out of the flurry o conferences in
'Germany and Italy, the German
press intimated that Adolf Hitler had
told Balkan diplomats he expected
them to settle their own differences,
with the important qualification that
he favored the claims of both Bul-
garia and Hungary, the latter with
some modification.
Hurry Up Warning Given
Rumania By Germany
BUDAPEST, Hungary, July 27.--
(R)-Germany has told Rumania to
decide by direct negotiation with
Hungary and Bulgaria how much
land to cede to those two countries
and to hurry up about it, an offi-
cial source disclosed tonight.
Adolf Hitler, in conversations with
the Rumanian government leaders
at Obsesalzburg is said to have in-
sisted that the negotiations start
quickly so that Southeastern Europe
can rest quietly during the expected
Nazi 4ssault on England.
The derpands that must be met,
Germany is understood to have
stated, are those of Hungary for at
least part of Transylvania and of
Bulgaria for at least some of Do-
bruja, territories which Rumania
nw possesses.
The size of the territories to be
ceded must be fixed up between the
three countries, however.
Moreover, Hitler is represented.as
having expressed a desire that Ru-
mania, Hungary and Bulgaria adopt
close relations, perhaps even military
accords.
Excurstouists
To Take Trip
To Put-In-Bay
Put-In-Bay Island in Lake Erie
will be the destination of the fina:
Summer Session excursion of the
season, to be held Wednesday.
Reservations should be made in
the Summer Session office, Room
1213 Angell Hall, by 5 p.m. Tuesday
The group will leave Ann Arbo
n special buses at 7:15 a.m. an
will pull away from the dock at th
foot of First Street in Detroit atc

a.m. The party will return to Am
Arbor at about 9:30 p.m.
Excursionists will have three hour
on the Island, during which tim(
they will see the four caves, th
shore line and the glacially stra
tiated rocks and the 352 foot Perry'
Monument, commemorating the na.
val victory of Commodore Perry or
Lake Erie in 1813.
Cross-Country Bus Stolei

Policy Lecture
Will Be Given
By Jamtson
How the Republican and Demo-
cratic platforms look to a business-
man will be discussed by Prof. Char-
les L. Jamison of the business ad-
ministration school in the fifth lec-
ture of the American Policy series
at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in the Rack-
ham Lecture Hall.
Professor Jamison, who has en-
titled his lecture "A Businessman
looks at the Republican and Demo-
cratic platforms in terms of the pres-
ent world crisis," will discuss pri-
marily the economic rather than the
political aspects of the platforms.
During the first World War, Pro-
fessor Jamison was assistant chief
of the estimates and apportionments
division of the office of the director
of finance of the United States Army.
He also engaged actively in business
enterprise rbefore entering academic
life. J
Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, said of the ap-
proaching lecture: "Since the Re-
publican Party has chosen a busi-
nessman as its candidate for tile
presidency, it will be especially in-
teresting to hear }what a businessman
thinks of the opposing platforms."
Malone To Talk
To Study Group
Culture Program Students
To Meet Tomorrow,
Students enrolled for credit in the
Graduate Study Program in Amer-
ican Culture and Institutions will
meet at 8:15. p.m. tomorrow in the
auditorium of the Rackham School
with Dr. Dumas Malone, director of
the Harvard University Press.
Dr. Malone will address the group
on governmental and political topics,
laying a background for the lectures
of the week. Following this, he will
lead an informal discussion on sub-
jects arising from the Program's
work.
Prof. Jesse S. Reeves' lecture on
"The Origin and Development of
American Political Thought," origin-
ally scheduled by the Program for
this time, has been cancelled
Singer To Present
Recital Tomorrow
George Cox, baritone, of Jackson,
will present the first Music School
Recital at 8:15 p.m. tomorrow in the
School of Music Auditorium.
Mr. Cox will be accompanied by'
Grace Wilson. The following pro-
gram will be given.
"Eveing Hymn," Purcell; "The
Pretty Creature," Storace; "Turn Ye
To Me (Old Scotch Air)," Arr. by
Lawson; "Rendil sereno al ciglio,
Handel; "Che fiero costume," Le-
grenzi.
"Marie," Franz; "Die Stadt,
Trunk; "Gesang Weylas,"~ Wolf; "Fus-
sreise," Wolf.
Monologue of Gerard, "Nemico
della patria," from "Andrea Che-
nier," Giordano.
"In Summertime on Bredon," Peel;
"By a Lonely Forest Pathway," Grif-
fes; "O Thou Billowy Harvest Field,'
n Rachmaninoff; "Don Juan Serenade,'
' Tschaikowsky.

By HAROLD B. ALLEN 1
Asserting that the linguistic schol-
ar cannot afford to ignore ,problems
of teaching language, Prof. Leo L.
Rockwell, director of the division of
languages at Colgate University, yes-
terday laid before members of the
Linguistic Society of America a sug-
gestion for the adoption of specific
nomenclature, that would remove
present ambiguities of terminology.
The suggestion was made in one of
the 12 papers offered during Satur-
day's concluding sessions of the third
annual summer meeting of the society.
On the generally accepted lin-
guistic assumption that language
correctness is to be found in the na-
tural speech of a community at a
given time, Professor Rockwell de-
clared unacceptable the traditional
dualism of "correct" and "incorrect"
language. In its place teachers might
better differentiate, he said, among
"levels of usage," which he outlined
as four in number.
Three 'Levels' Found
Three "levels" are found in the
standard written and spokentlanguage
according to Professor Rockwell. If
the differences are based entirely
upon social distinctions, as is prefer-
able, then the first level is that of
formal English, which is generally
abstract, rhetorical, and literary. The
second level is that of informal Eng-
lish, which is less conventional and
more flexible. The third level is
that of the familiar language of the
hasty letter or of intimate relaxed
speech. The fourth level is that, of
sub-standard English, found in the
letters and conversation of relatively,
unschooled people.
All four levels, Professor Rockwell
continued, are found in both speech
and writing, a fact often overlooked
in the teaching of English. Recog-
nition of these differences in use
according to social situation, it was
claimed, would -make teaching simp-
ler and more effective than is true
when language is labeled "correct"
or "incorrect" or when ambiguous
terms like "vulgar" and "colloquial"
are used to classify words and lan-
guage uses.
At the afternoon program Prof.
Albert H. Marckwardt of the Uni-
versity explained how examination

of the field records of the Great
Lakes survey of folk speech reveals a
curious situation with respect to the
pronunciation of certain words with
the "a" spelling, namely, "swalow,
swamp, want, war, warmed, wash,
washing ,wasp, watch water and
Washington."
Ohioans Round Vowels
The survey shows that residents
of Michigan, Indiana are more in-
clined to keep the vowel unrounded,
that is, to pronounce "water" as
"wahter" rather than "wawter."
Ohioans, on the contrary, are inclined
to have a rounded vowel in these
words.
In general, it was learned, the
rounded vowels, where they do occur,
appear most consistently before "r",
as in "war," and before the voice-
less fricatives as in wasp" and
I-M All-Star's

Team Downs
Wikel's, 9 To 1
P. Krause Pitfhes Five-Hit
Game For Winners At
Wines FieldYesterday
Behind the five-hit pitching of
no-hit, no-run Philip Krause of the
league leading American League
Reds, the Intramural All-Star team
batted out eight safeties to beat a
strong Wikel Drug team, 9 to 1, at
Wines Field last night.
Krause, who was pitching his
fourth complete game in a single
week, led the attack himself with a
scorching double that drove in two
runs in the sixth and a long base
hit which, accompanied by a Wikel
team error, netted the All-Stars an-
other run.
Six errors, five of which resulted
in runs, spoiled the day for pitcher
Howard Wikel, who made things
worse by walking eight of the men
he faced. Krause walked four and
struck out eight while Wikel forced
five All-Stars to go down swinging.
The Intramural Squad started
their scoring in the very first in-
ning when, after Mickey Evans had
struck out, Bill Anderson hit a ring-
ing single, was sacrificed to second
by Bob Mott and driven home by
another long single from Don Far-
num. Two tallies were made in the
fourth when the All-Stars bunched
a base on balls and two more singles
for one run and Krause made his
fluke homer.
Wikel errors gave their opponents
two more runs in the fifth and two
in the sixth as the All-Stars, taking
advantage of every opportunity,
made six ruins in those two frames
on only three hits.
The lone Wikel score came in the
fourth. Herb Brogan beat out a bunt,
went to second when Bill Davies was
walked, went to third on a sacrifice
out by Wikel and home when Strat
Brown made his first hit of the day.
Added Support
Given Willkie

"wash." Further investigation, Pro
fessor Marckwardt indicated, would
probably reveal some relationship
between the Middle Western distri-
bution of these sounds and that in the
South and in New England. The
lack of rounding in Indiana, for in-
stance, was citesi as a possible re-
flection of a similar tendency in the
southern Piedmont areas of Carolina,
since much of Indiana speech is
southern in origin.
Suggestive of the more complete
results that can be obtained from
the Middle Western speech survy
when more material isgathered, the
paper presented by Prof. Hans Kur-
ath of Brown University drew from
field records already made in New
England and the South Atlantic
states in order to show the distribu-
tion of the names of two common
farm objecj3, clabbered milk and
cottage cheese.
Other Names Known
The first is also known, said Pro-
fessor Kurath, as lobbered or lop-
pered milk, thick milk, clabber, and
sour milk. The second likewise has
other names, such as sour milk cheese,
Dutch cheese, pot cheese, smear case,
curds, and clabber cheese.
Distribution of these terms along
the Atlantic coast, it is now known,
follows the earliest population
movements, the earliest terms being
used along the seaboard and the
(Continued o Page 2)
Dr. Rabinowitz
To Leave Post
At HillelHere
Director Since 1938 Plans
To Begin Organization
Of Brooklyn Foundation
Dr. Isaac Rabinowitz, director of
the local Hillel Foundation, will
leave for New York Wednesday
where he will organize a new Foun-
dation at Brooklyn College. His suc-
cessor will be announced by the
B'Nai B'rith Hillel Council August
10.
A director at the Michigan Foun-
dation since 1938, Dr. Rabinowitz
was one of the founders of the Ann
Arbor Jewish Committee which
brings refugees to this country from
Europe. He is also a member of the
Committee on Rcial and Religious
Minorities, an organization composed
of members of the faculty and cer-
tain selected townspeople.
During his term as director Hillel
received a new constitution, an hon-
ors course in Jewish studies, an af-
filiate membership plan of organiza-
tion, a vocational guidance program
and a large library and music col-
lection.
Born in Brooklyn, Dr. Rbinowitz
attended high school in Kansas City
and later studied at the University
of California where he received his
A. B. in 1929. He received his Ph.D.
in Semitics at Yale in 1932.
Between 1932 and 1933 he taught
in various St. Louis high schools and
then served a year as a counselor to
Jewish students at Yale. The follow-
ing two years were spent as a re-
search fellow of the American Coun-
cil of Learned Societies

Some Queries
And Answers
On Draft Bill
Why And If You Should
Be Registered Under
Conscription Act1
(By the Associated Press)
WASHINGTON, July 27.-In case
you have been worrying about Uncle1
Sam drafting you, here are answerst
to some of your questions, based ona
the bill as approved by the Senate]
Military Committee:1
Q-What is the purpose of the
legislation?
A-The Senate bill is titled "to
Protect the Integrity and Institutions
of the United States through a Sys-
stem of Selective. Compulsory Mili-
tary Training and Service."
Q-Why is it needed?
A--War Department spokesmen
say the present "voluntary'system of
enlistment will not provide enough
manpower quick enough to handle
the increased national defense ma-
chinery already voted by Congress.
Opponents of the bill deny or ques-
tion this.
Q-Who would have to register?
A-Probably men between 18 and{
63 years, inclusive.
Q-Who could order registration
and training?
A-The President would decide the
age groups who would be required to
register and the numbers of men who
would be trained.
Q-What age groups would be
called first?
A-The bill provides that men
from 21 to 30, inclusive, would sup-
ply the first conscripts, with later
groups coming from men from 21 to
44 inclusive.
Q-How many men would be
trained?
A-Army officials said they would
call between 300,000 and 400,000
conscripts Oct. 1 from the 21-30 age
group. On next April 1 another
400,000 conscripts would be drafted
from the 21-45 group. Next Octo-
ber, as the2first group completed a
year's training, a third group of 600,-
000 would be called. This program
would be speeded up in case of an
emergency.
Q-How would the conscripts be
selected?
A-Local selection boards, similar
to those used under the World War
Draft law, would classify men.

Compulsory Training Bill
Expected To Go Before
Upper House Wednesday
Senate Committee
To Vote Tuesday
WASHINGTON, July 27.-(R)-
Senator Taft of Ohio joined oppo-
nents of peacetime compulsory mili-
tary training today as Congress ap-
proached a showdown fight on the
issue.
The Ohio Senator, and recent as-
pirant for the Republican Presiden-
tial nomination said he favored try-
ing a "voluntary system" before sup-
porting the first peacetime conscrip-
tion move in this country's history.
Senate consideration of the com-
pulsory training bill is expected to
begin Wednesday. Chairman Shep-
pard (Dem-Tex) said the Senate
Military Committee would vote for-
mally on its completed bill Tuesday
forenoon and predicted few if any
opposing votes.
Taft indicated that he, would work
with Senators Vandenberg (Rep-
Mich), Wheeler (Dem-Mont), Norris
(Ind-Neb), and numerous other Sen-
ators who have publicly criticized the
committee-drafted measure.
Some Senators suggested a volun-
tary training program with one year
enlistments instead of the present
three-year term for the Army and
National Guard, might be offered
as a substitute.
Vandenberg predicted that under
such a system 1,000,000 American
youths would volunteer within three
months, and a "great 150-year-old
tradition intimately related to indi-
vidually liberties" would be main-
tained.
"When the American. people are
put on a conscript basis, what is left
to separate us from a complete to-
talitarian war basis?" Vandenberg
asked.
The training bill, as revised by the
military committee, authorizes the
President to order registration of all
men 18 to 63 years old inclusive.
Galsworthy's
Play, 'Escape',
Will Be Given

d

Swain Takes
Arlington Race
Son Of Ladysman Wins
In Annual Futurity
CHICAGO,~ July 27.-tPo)--Swain,
a grey road son of the famous Ladys-
man, duplicated the achievement of
his sire today by galloping to a five-
length victory in the $48,565 Arling-
ton Futurity before a crowd of 30,000.
Ladysmanrwon the first running
of the Futurity in 1932.
Getting away last in a field of
12, Swain circled the entire field
and shot outs of fifth place in the
stretch to collar Valdina Groom and
Whirlaway.
The winner sprinted the six fur-
longs over a muddy track in 1:13 4/5,
with jockey Johnny Adams on his
back.
Swain is owned by Cleveland Put-
nam of Lake Forest, Ill., a 30-year-
old racing enthusiast. He bought
Ladysman six years ago for $50,000
in an attempt to win the Santa Ani-
ta Handicap and purchased Swain
as a yearling for $5,000 because of
his desire to own a Ladysman colt.
The heavily-played favorite, At-
tention, went to the post a 5 to 2
choice, but finished sixth, while
Swing And Sway, hope of Mrs. Payne
Whitney of New York and another
choice in the betting, wound up last.

Fancy Becomes Fact
To Popular Song Fan
OKLAHOMA CITY, Okla., July 7.
-(jP)-A nervous National Guard
rookie was undergoing a federal in-
spection test.
"Who's President of the United
States?" snapped the inspecting of-
ficer.
The rookie stammered, then he
gulped:
"Franklin D. Roosevelt Jones."

t
F
.
r

Art Cinema League To Show
'Childhood Of Maxim Gorky'

Seymour And Proskauer
Join Republicans
COLORADO SPRINGS. Colo., July
27.-(P)-Wendell L. Willkie made
public today messages of support
from President Charles Seymour of
Yale University and Joseph M.
Proskauer, former New York State
supreme court justice.
At a press conference the Republi-
can presidential nominee reiterated
he was gratified at the type of per-
sons pledging him support.
"There isn't a Mayor Hague nor
a Mayor Kelly nor a Crump in the
list," he said.
,Seymourtelegraphed he had been
"A Democrat since Woodrow Wilson"
and added, "I look forward to voting
for you in November in the convic-
tion that you and the policies you
have expressed will assure protection
against foreign danger, the develop-

Alfred White Captures Annual
Local Soap Box Derby Crown

By A. P. BLAUSTEIN
and DEXTER GREEN
A crowd of more than 5,000 braved
a one and a half hour rainstorm yes-
terday to watch Alfred White, 15, of
906 Packard St., roll down Broadway
Hill in 34.6 seconds to win the fifth
annual Ann Arbor Soap Box Derby.
White, who has entered all of the
city Derbys to date, was presented
with the M. E. Coyle Trophy, sym-
bolic of his victory, by Coach Her-
bert O. "Fritz" Crisler of the football
team. Other prizes he will receive
include a gold medal, a gold wrist
watch and a trip to Akron, Ohio,
where he will compete with the win-
ners of 119 other cities for the title
of Derby King of the United States.
After the contest White won an ex-
hihitinn asp r.ainst Willie Stohrer.

and Fingerle Lumber companies.
Warren Martin, 12, of 223 S. Ann
Arbor St., in Saline, who was elim-
inated in the Class B finals, and
Jimmy McLeod, of 715 Miner St.,
who was defeated in the Class A
finals, will receive silver medals and
radios donated by the Ann Arbor
News.
Sports equipment, scout knives
and hatchets, skates and cameras
will be given to most of the other
contestants in addition to free passes
to the Michigan Theatre and all the
ice cream they can eat.,
Timers at the Derby were Prof.
A. E. R. Boak of the history depart-
ment, Dr. R. B. Howell of the Uni-
versity Hospital, and Prof. Arthur
Van Duren of the German Depart-
ment, while Prof. Philip Diamond of
the (~'xprman Department served as

Directing the Michigan' Repertory
Players' production of John als-
worthy's "Escape," which opens at
8:30 p.m. Wednesday in the Lydia
Mlendelssohn Theatre, is Whitford
Kane, noted Broadway actor.
Mr. Kane, who will be assisted by
Prof. Valentine B. Windt, of the
speech department, will also portray
the role of the parson in the drama.
Norman Oxhandler, who has been
seen this season as Stephen Minch,
in "The Star Wagon," and as the
artist in "Two on\ an Island," will
play Matt Denant, an escaped con-
vict, whose attempts to elude pur-
suit form the main plot of the play.
Others in the cast, in order of
their appearance, are Mary Ellen
Wheeler as the girl' of the town;
Vincent Jukes as the plain clothes
man; Henry Patterson and Robert
Link as the two policemen; James
Moll as the fellow convict; George
Shapiro and Alfred Wilkinson as the
two warders, and Osna Palmer as
the shingled lady.
Carrie Trombley as the maid; Ar-
thur Klein as the old gentleman;
June Madison, Neil Smith, Elizabeth
Green and Ray Pedersen as the four
trippers; Everett Courtright as the
man in plus fours; Dorothy Hadley
as his wife; Richard Hadley as the
village constable, and Angus Moore
and Roy Rector as labourers, also
take part in the production.
The list concludes with Truman
Smith as the farmer; Jeanne Court-
right as the little girl; Richard Heger
as the little boy; Mary Jordan and
Evelyn Smith as the two. maiden
ladies; George Batka as the bell-
ringer, and Ollierae Bilby, June Mc-
Kee, Margaret Wiseman and Edith
Woodard as people in the park and
hue and cry.
Twin Sons Born To Prof.

Third of the Art Cinema league's
summer series of four programs, a
Russian film, "The Childhood of
Maxim Gorky," will be presented at
8:30 p.m. today in the auditorium of
the Rackham School.
In "The Childhood of Maxim Gor-
ky," young Gorky is played by Alyo-

tion developed by much rehearsal.
In the role of Gorky's sympathetic
grandmother is People's Artist V. O.
Massalitinova, who spent ten years
in the preparation of her part. Long
before production was started on the
film but when cinema people were
considering a Gorky biography she
had the ambition to do the part and

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