THE MICHIG~AN DlAILY
FRIDAY, JULY 26, -140
v t- i i i d A1 1 ..1 i i -\.y .6- 1 y i "'i .4 -/
__..s _, ,.. _e
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
rcov7ciaM ........ . . --7rvuW;-----..
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session.
Member of the Associated Press
The Assoiated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use for republication of all news dispatches credited to
it or not othierwise credited ' in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subcriptions during the regular school year by carrier
$4.00; by mail, $4.50.
REPRESENTED FOR NATIONAL ADVERIsSING BY
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Represenlotive
490 MADISON AVE. NEW YORK, N. Y.
CHICAGO * BOSTON ' LOS ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1939-40
Managing Editor..... . Carl Petersen
City Editor...............Norman A. Schorr
Associate Editors ...........Harry M. Kelsey,
Karl Kessler, Albert P. Blau-
stein, Morton C. Jampel, Su-
Business Manager............. Jane E. Mowers
Assistant Manager...........Irving Guttman
NIGHT EDITOR: MORTON CARL JAMPEL
The Straight Dope
(Today's guest columnist is none other than tent in the rear of the auditorium, and
Cagey Kay, the editorialist. Cagey promises to do you're set until the janitor sweeps you out
Sreally decent column for us sometime but in the
meantime we hope you like this effort. We know with the rest of the bookworms who have
the cagey one does. Incidentally-the cagey one been diligently scribbling meaningless notes.
is The Daily's culture series reporter.)
This, however, does not exhaust the extent of
NOW SELF PITY is indeed a sorry thing, and Cagey Kay's Public Super Survey No. 238. For
we have repeatedly been told that one those turban-singeing hours of the day when
should never, oh never admit one's failings, but Mr. Rackham's over-stuffed structure of neo-
we shall go against all these traditional warn- Grecian, pseudo-utilitarian architecture is re-
ings. We will frankly admit that we don't have served for cobwebs and janitors, we recommend
a d . . . thing to say. Also, we really feel sorry the money dispensary over on State Street. In
for ourselves. Here we sit in the sweltering its vaulted lobby, midst the happy clink of
heat of this shady (but where, oh where is the change you wish you had and the snap of bills
shade?) hamlet, while our boisterous, but like- so sweet, you'll find an atmosphere conditioned
able Mr. Himself is out a courtin' in the north- enough to make a mentholated cigarette ad look
land. We can visualize him now, tip-toeing like Mr. Dante's inferno.
through the tulips with his little lassie in tow But there is a catch, my friends, which we
(on second thought, we suspect that Mr. Him- sadly pass on to you. Our sedate money changers
self would be the submissive half of the cooing just ain't got none of that Southern hospitality.
two-some.) Only yesterday, we were violently expelled. We
For the benefits of our sweltering colleagues don't know why these servants of plutocracy
in this, our dear Athens of the west, we have should pick on us, especially after the struggle
this day completed a practical and timely sur- we had in dragging a cot and water-cooler
vey. No, we haven't found out that 90% of the through the door.
students prefer wootsi tootsi flakies, but we have For a final alternative haven of refuge, we
personally tested and o.k.'d every safe refuge refer you to that tavern (we said tavern, not
from Vulcan's earthly torment to be found dive) known as the censored down on the corner
within a radius of 20 miles. of censored and censored across from the cen-
To the Rackham Auditorium we give five sored. Here, fanned by the skirts of buxom wait-
bells and award it our second-hand tray of ice- resses, sipping the amber brew, one can find
cubes. For solid comfort, it can't be beat this trew relaxation.
side of Mr. Byrd's retreat on the under side of (POSTSCRIPT: It seems that our colleagues,
this war-stricken globe. For pure relaxation, or better call them bosses, on the business staff
here's the formula: Check through the world- are a little jealous of our selling powers. They
shaking columns of The Daily, skip by its mo- just won't let us mention the name of any place
mentous editorials written exclusively for The of business in these editorial columns. We sus-
Daily and the New York Times, and hunt up pect our little plugs will bring such a rush of
its daily prevue of the Culture Study Program. business to above-mentioned joint that they
would have no need of further advertising. The
Now for the props: For pure enjoyment, sissies: just because they can't get money into
you will need a blanket, some cough drops circulation, they don't dare let us take a crack
and a tall glass of mint julep. Pitch your at it.)
Grin And Bear It
w -.y4, s- -
All notices for the Daily Official
Bulletin are to be sent to the Office
if the Summer Session before 3:30
P.M. of the day preceding its pub-
lication except on Saturday, when
the notices should be submitted be-
fore 11:30 A.M.
Visual Education Demonstration:
Today at 11 a.m. in the Architecture
Auditorium a film made of school
activities for the purpose of inter-
preting the school to the community
will be shown by William Poppink.
Mr. J. L. Meachum will demonstrate
the use of school made visual aids.
Today, July 26, at 11
room 231 of Angell Hall,
man Wilson of Wayne
will demonstrate the use
pictures in the teaching
a. m. in
"He won't stop until you ask the pilot to fly over some
In Wheat ..
THE WHEAT MARKET'S action now
as in the earlier stages of the Euro-
pean war, illustrates strikingly the extent to
which the movements of trade and prices have
been upset by the extraordinary economic and
political situation of the last year or more. Yes-
terday the market for July delivery fell to the
lowest price reached by it since Aug. 31, last
year, one day before the European war began.
How completely the market was then misjudged
was shown by the fact that, by the 22nd of last
April, wheat had risen from 68% cents a bushel
to $1.11% ; only to fall, in the next three months,
to 71/ cents.
This alternation of ideas regarding wheat val-
ues was the more striking in that the earlier
rapid advance had in its favor not only the
traditional influence of war on the wheat market
but, as the war progressed, a short crop in Eu-
rope. Such conditions resulted at the outbreak
of that other war in export during the fiscal
twelvemonth of 333,500,000 bushels-more than
double that of any preceding twelvemonth and
nearly three times as great as in the preceding
year. Yet by the time wheat prices at Chicago
had reached their highest last April, monthly
wheat exports from this country were less than
one-third what they were in 1939, when exports
were already described as small.
This was mostly caused, as everyone now
recognizes, by the wholly unprecedented amount
of wheat carried over as surplus from the last
two crops in nearly every country of the world,
particularly by our competitors in the export
trade, notably Canada and Argentina. On the
othe hand, the crop now growing in Europe,
where the winter was severe and the spring be-
lated, will fall far short of normal requirements.
The season's military operations will make the
matter very much worse. It is possible that the
"world carry-over" may at the moment be even
larger than a year ago. But what of the situa-
tion a year from now? Taken along with the
restrictions which arbitrary power will have im-
posed on Continental Europe's trade, and with
the capacity elsewhere for speeding up producT
tion when required, an extraordinary world-
position may develop.
- New York Times
For Defense .
T HE RECENT ACTION of the Recon-
struction Finance Corporation in
arranging for American purchase of 150,000 tons
of rubber and 75,00 tons of tin to be kept solely
as a military reserve deserves commendation,
as does also the action of the world tin and
rubber regulatory committees in expanding the
permissible export quotas practically to capacity.
The program should be given full speed ahead.
Of the 85,000 tons of rubber obtained last year
by barter for cotton, only some 20,000 tons had
been delivered at the beginning of June and
less than 30,000 tons by the end of last month.
The Government's purchases of tin under the
Strategic and Critical Minerals Act of 1939 have
so far been insignificant, partly through Con-
gressional niggardliness, partly through such re-
quirements as that the tin must come to the
United States in American ships. t
The accumulation of a satisfactory stockpile
of these commodities and other strategic min-
erals, should be hastened by all possible means
The United States would need in a military
emergency tungsten, chomite, manganese, and
numerous other less known materials. The pro-
.c - ;n.r.softE a mni A rLanvcC nP. _-
WASHINGTON-The private White House
plan is for a three-man command to take the
plare of Jim Farley as campaign generalissimo.
Head of the contemplated triumvirate will
be Senator Jimmy Byrnes of South Carolina,
who will hold the title of National Chairman.
One of the ablest strategists in politics, Byrnes
will be of tremendous help in placating ruffled
regulars miffed by the third term and Wallace's
Because of the pressure of his congressional
duties, Jimmy won't be able to devote all his
time to running the campaign, So two other
party chiefs will be brought in to assist him.
One is Frank Walker, wealthy lawyer and
chain movie theatre owner, who is an ace at
money-raising but a washout in the hurly-burly
of politics. Walker is one of the most likeable
men in public affairs, but he dreads the lime-
light. He has told Roosevelt; to whom he is
devoted, that he will help in the campaign in
any capacity, but he does not -want the chair-
manship. So the plan is to use Walker where
he can serve best,ubehind thescenes with some
such title as Executive Director.
The other man is handsome Ed Flynn, Bronx
boss and former New York Secretary of State.
Flynn will handle the big Eastern voting cen-
ters, which he knows intimately.
Also in the cards is a housecleaning of subor-
dinate National Committee personnel.
" Although re-elected for another term at Chi-
cago, "Chip" Robert, secretary of the Committee,
is slated to be replaced by an official more ac-
ceptable to the new leaders. "Chip," popular
and charming, doesn't stand very strong with
the inner circle.
In a similar category is Charley Michelson,
veteran press chief. However, Roosevelt likes
him and he won't be dropped entirely. He will
be supplemented by younger and more aggres-
sive hitters, such as Louis Ruppel, slam-bang
former managing editor of The Chicago Times,
and Victor Sholis, Ruppel's political writer, who
will be his lieutenant.
Hitler's Air Strength
FROM THE LATEST War Department figures
on Nazi air strength, you can get some idea
of how tough a proposition the British are up
against in warding off Hitler's air attacks.
Not counting the Italian air force, the Ger-
mans have about 26,000 airplanes and are turn-
ing more out at the rate of about 2,000 a month.
This is in contrast to the British airplane
strength of between 6,000 and 8,000 planes.
All reports indicate that the British planes
are of better material, and that British pilots
are better trained and willing to tackle over-
whelming odds. In the long run, however, num-
bers count, and Hitler probably could afford
to lose more than 10,000 planes attacking Eng-
land and still not feel the consequences.
It isn't a very cheerful picture.
WHEN JULY 14, which is Bastille Day and
the French Fourth of July, rolled around
this year, the Protocol Division of the State
Department was in a quandary.
For Bastille Day celebrates the establishment
of the French Republic, and the State Depart-
ment is supposed to leave congratulatory cards.
Now that the French Republic has fallen, the
Protocol Division did not know whether to
,leave cards marked "P. F." meaning "pour fe-
liciter" (to congratulate), or to leave cards
the Department is not waiting for the regular
October term of the Kentucky grand jury to
Instead, Justice Department officials are
swearing out a bill of information before the
federal courts, in which they swear certain in-
formation regarding price-fixing to be true, and
to be in violation of the Sherman anti-trust act.
Chief charge leveled against the big tobacco
companies is that they combined to fix- the
price paid to the tobacco farmer, also that they
fixed the retail price of cigarettes paid by the
The Justice Department has been investigat-
ing monopolistic practices in the tobacco in-
dustry for two years. Among other things its
investigators have found that the annual income
of 400,000 tobacco farmers in the United States
averaged only $400 to $500. Meanwhile the offi-
cers of the Reynolds Tobacco Company alone,
have paid themselves a total of $28,000,000 dur-
ing a five-year period.
SCORES OF SPEECHES were made and re-
ported during the Chicago convention, but
the only one that really made GOP strategists
sit up sharply was one by Senator Sherman Min-
ton which completely escaped public notice.
The Indiana New Dealer delivered his talk
before a large Negrb rally in South Chicago, and
fired a round at Wendell Willkie where politi-
cally it hurts.
Minton told his colored audience that Elwood,
Ind., the Republican standard bearer's home
town, had agreed to allow Negroes to participate
in Willkie's acceptance ceremony only after a
strong undercover pressure from GOP leaders.
Up to a few years ago, Minton said, Elwood
had large signs at its city limits warning Ne-
groes to keep out. Also colored railroad workers
were not allowed to get off trains to buy food
in the town. Minton even promised to produce
Minton's charges created a stir among his
listeners and next day were all over the large
Negro section of Chicago, which controls a lot
of votes. For several years it has elected thIe
lone Negro in Congress, the present incumbent
being Arthur Mitchell, who has held the office
for three terms.
Note-The Negro vote can swing a close elec-
tion in such key cities as New York, Pittsburgh,
Philadelphia, Chicago, St. Louis and Detroit.
ASSISTANT SECRETARY of War Louis John-
son has sloughed off 30 pounds-and feels
better . . . REA is about to bring forth a film on'
rural electrification, similar to "The River" in
purpose. Pictures are by Joris Ivens, who got
the amazing war shots in "The Spanish Earth" -
.. How far the Nazis go in trying to win Latin
America is shown by the Mexican army journal,
"El Ejercito," in which the German Legation
inserted a full page ad, reminding the Mexican
army of "the cruel sacrifices they have borne for
more than a century to conserve intact the heri-
tage of their forefathers."
Attending a convention banquet given by
Mayor Ed Kelly, John L. Lewis smilingly per-
mitted a Roosevelt button to be pinned on his
lapel. The secret of the President's message to
the convention was kept well from 6 p.m., when
it was received, until Senator Barkley read it
hours later. but one other nerson knew its nn-
An Open Letter
(The following letter was received
by Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, from Dr. Henry
Bouchard, director of Camp Da-
vis, geology and engineering summer
Dr. L. A. Hopkins
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Dear Director Hopkins:
Your letter of the 16th reached us
only a short time in advance of Dean
Yoakum. The Dean and his nephew
sure put that new Pontiac over the
road in record time. They spent the
first night in Ames, Iowa; the second
in Cheyenne, and reached here about
6:30 Friday evening, after stopping
briefly at the U. of Wyoming camp
west of Laramie.
We were very pleased that Dean
Yoakum could make the trip and we
did what we could to show him our
facilities and explain our problems.
Yesterday morning we went over the
camp quite carefully. The dean ar-
rived at a very opportune time as we
have the laboratory practically com-
pleted, at least externally. He was
present to see the last door hung and
to see the completion of the chimney
for the fireplace. The fireplace is
a beauty, stone faced inside the
building, 8 feet wide with a 4 foot,
6 inch opening. The outside is of
brick. The mason has found a quarry
of what the geologists tell me is
rhyolite. If it had cooled more slowly
it would have become granite and
if it had cooled more rapidly it would
have formed the obsidian found up
in the park. It makes a very beau-
tiful and valuable building stone as
there are no bedding planes and it
can be broken into any desired shape.
The shades vary from gray to pink
and with a few pieces of yellow sand-
stone for contrast ithas made a very
handsome addition to the building
which will now serve as a meeting
place for the entire group when mov-
ing pictures or lectures are on the
program. I will bring back some
pictures to show you what it is like.
The latter part of the morning
yesterday, Ehlers and Belknap took
the dean into Jackson, so he could
get his bearings before going in again
last night. In the latter part of the
afternoon, Ehlers and Eardley took
him to the hot springs up Granite
Creek. Last night we all went in to
show him the 'last of the old west',
a Saturday night in Jackson.
He and Bob left this morning after
breakfast for Yellowstone. If they
travel as rapidly returning as they
did coming out, you may be seeing
them before you see this.
We are well satisfied with his visit
and are pleased that it was possible
for him to come while the camp, was
in operation. I don't know what he
will report to you, but his sole criti-
cism here was concerning the use of
the double-decked double beds and
the use of the old log building as a
class room. It doesn't, of course,
resemble the Rackham Building.
The new laboratory will be ready
for use within the next day or so.
The first of the tables will be ready
Tuesday. It will likely be near the
end of the session before everything
is completed, such as the door and
window stops, screens, electric lights,
plumbing for the sink for the botan-
ists, and grading around the edges
to carry away the rain water. (We
finally had a couple of fairly good
showers during the week, so the
vegetation has ceased to dry up.)
Most of the group will be in Yel-
lowstone next weekend. Belknap and'
a party of students are part way up'
the Grand Ttnn tday Thv tnk'
FIFTY-SEVEN CITIES are bidding
furiously for the new $8,500,000
airplane engine research laboratory
to be built by the National Advisory
Committee for Aeronautics.
NACA officials won't reach a de-
cision for several weeks, but you
can mark it down as definite that
a Midwestern city, probably in the
Great Lakes region, will be chosen
as the site. Chief factor being
weighed by the NACA is vulner-
ability to air attack.
Other considerations are: (1) Ac-
cessibility to engine manufacturers;
(2) proximity to an industrial center
where skilled labor and technical
supplies are available; (3) adequate
power and water supply.
At least five cities which want the
airplane laboratory fulfill these
specifications-South Bend, Chicago,
Indianapolis, Detroit and Cleveland.
Others being considered are Dayton,
Milwaukee, Buffalo, and Columbus.
Strongest point in favor of In-
dianapolis-considered the best bet
by insiders, with South Bend sec-
ond-is the fact that the big Alli-
son liquid-cooled engine plant is
located there. Army and Navy offi-
cials are keenly interested in the
further development of liquid-
cooled motors because of their
higher speed and horsepower.
Dayton cannot be counted out.
since the Army has an air experimen-
tal station there which could easily
be expanded. Buffalo is closest to
the big engine plants in Connecticut
(Pratt-Whitney) and New - Jersey
(Wright). However,-Buffalo also is
the most vulnerable of the nine cities
Most important phase of the re-
search to be conducted at the labor-
atory is fuel conservation. About 60
per cent of the fuel energy in mili-
tary airplane motors now being made
is wasted, according to federal avia-
tion authorities. Another problem is
wind resistance, particularly in open-
cowl, air-cooled motors.
NACA researchers hope even-
tually to develop a flat, liquid-
cooled motor that will fit in the
wings of streamlined fighting
planes. Chief advantage of this
type, besides speed, is its constant
temperature, which enables plane,
to function smoothly at the high
altitudes necessary to repel bomb-
A disadvantage, from a military
standpoint, is the necessity of pro-
tecting the cooling system with heavy
bullet-proof armor, which isn't need-
ed on air-cooled motors. For this
reason, pending further research,
most of the engines to be built for
the Army and Navy will continue to
- Drew Pearson and Robert Allen
Shooting Of Wade Tucker
It is no ordinary political situation
which underlies the critical wounding
of Wade Tucker following a speech
at Peach Orchard, in Southeastern
Missouri, Saturday. Some of the
political campaigns being waged in
that section are more than the usual
bickering over who shall draw the
Tuckerahimself a former tenant
farmer and an ex-sheriff of New
Madrid County, has been a leading
figure in the revival of a sort of
agrarian populism in Southeast Mis-
souri. Last year, he organized an in-
dependent association of farm la-
borers, sharecroppers and tenant
Is it possible that this is respon-
sible for the reported procrastination
of the' State highway patrol and of
Shakespeare recordings by Evans
and Gielgud will be played at the
Michigan Wolverine, 209 S. State St.,
this afternoon from 4 to 5 p.m.
Graduate Speech Students: A tea
for all graduate Speech students will
be held today, July 26, from 4 to
6 p.m. in the Assembly Room of the
Horace0H. Rackham School of Grad-
Vibration Problems Symposium.
The second lecture in this series un-
der the direction of Professor S. Tim-
oshenko will be given by Professor
J. P. Den Hartog of Harvard Uni-
versity who will speak on "Multi-
Cylinder Engines with Dynamic
Dampers." The meeting will be held
today, July 26, at 7:00 o'clock in
Room 311 West Engineering Build-
ing. All interested are cordially in-
vited to attend.
Linguistic Institute Lectures. "The
Phrase." Professor Leonard Bloom-
field, University of Chicago; and
"Linguistic Structure." Professor Ze-
hig S. Harris, University of Pennsyl-
vania, to be given in the Ampitheater
of the Rackham " Building, at 8:00
Piano Recital. Katherine Ziff,
pianist, of Johnstown, Penn., will give
a recital in uartial fulfillment of the
requirements for the Bachelor of
Music degree, this evening, July 26,
at 8:15 p.m., in the School of Music
Auditorium. Miss Ziff is a student of
Mr. John Kollen of the School of
"What a Life" by Clifford Gold-
smith will be given at 8:30 p.m. in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
The performance will be given Sat-
urady night. This is the fifth produc-
tion of the Michigan Repertory Play-
res of the Department of Speech.
Tickets are available at the box-of-
fice (phone 6300): prices are 75c,
50c and 35c.
Internal Combustion Engine In-
stitute Lectures: "General Motors
Diesel Engine" Mr. F. G. Shoemaker,
General Motors Diesel Division; and
"Diesel Engine Combustion" Mr. C.
S. Moore, National Advisory Com-
mittee for Aeronautics, to be given
at 9:00 a.m. in the Amphitheater. of
the Rackham Building, on Saturday,
Graduate Record Program will be
held Saturday, July 27 in the Men's
Lounge of the Rackham Building
from 3 to 5 p.m. The program will
consist of : Citronen Waltz by Jo-
hann Straus, Italian Symphony by
Mendelsohn, Fifth Piano Concerto
(Emperor) by Beethoven and Panis
Angelicus by Franck. Richard V. Lee
will be in charge. All are invited to
Pi Lambda Theta: Formal initia-
tion and reception will be held Sat-
urday, July 27, at 7,30 p.m., in the
West Conference Room of the Rack-
Graduate Outing Club will meet
Sunday, 'July 28 at 2:30 p.m. in the
rear of the Rackham Building for
an outin gin the vicinity of Ann Ar-
bor. Swimming, softball and hiking.
Supper outdoors. All those having
cars are asked to kindly bring them.
All graduate students, faculty and
alumni are invited.
Publis Health Students. There will
be a General Assembly of all Students
in the Division of Hygiene and Pub-
hic Health on Monday, July 29 at 4
p.m. in the Amphitheater of the Hor-
ace H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies. Dr. Sundwall will preside
at the assembly. The opic for dis-
cussion will be "Trends in Profession-
al Public Health Education." All
Graduate and Undergraduate stu-
dents in Public Health are request-
ed to attend.
John Sundwall, M.D.
The Men's and Women's Educa-
tion Clubs will hold their annual,
jointly-sponsored mixer in the Wo-
men's Athletic Building at 7:30 p.m.,
Monday, July 29. There will be a
variety program of games, commun-
ity singing, and old-time and social