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July 20, 1940 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1940-07-20

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Editorial
A Tradition
Is Shattered.. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL, L. No. 23 Z-323 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1940

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Farley Turns
From National
Politics'; May
Head Yankees
President Roosevelt Plans
Portico Campaign; Will
Decide Wallace's Part
At EarlyConference
By RICHARD L. TURNER
CHICAGO, July 19.--(P)-James
A. Farley, who managed President
Roosevelt's 1932 and 1936 campaigns,
arranged to leave national politics
behind today and turn the direction
of Mr. Roosevelt's third effort to win
the Presidency over to another.
Meanwhile it became clear that
the President would conduct a "Por
tico Campaign." There are two of
them at the White House, instead
of the usual porch. Pressing foreign
and domestic problems, it was said,
would keep him in Washington and
prohibit any _extensive campaigning.
The question whether Secretary
Henry A. Wallace, Mr. Roosevelt's
running mate, would undertake a
vigorous schedule of traveling and
speaking, in the President's stead,
was left to a conferece between the
two nominees next Thursday in
Washington.
Farley Presides
With Farley presiding, the Demo-
cratic National Committee met in a
local hotel and'conducted the Con-
vention's last piece of business. It
reluctantly accepted Farley's deci-
sion to continue as its chairman for
only a month longer.
The genial New Yorker was an
opponent of the third term-al-
though he now is supporting the
ticket-and is leaving, he said, to
accept an attractive offer in private
business. While he would not con-
firm it, this was generally assumed
to be the presidency of the New York
Yankees baseball club.
"Who's going to win in Novem-
.er?." a .reported .asked him after-
ward.
Will The Yankees Win?
"I think I should leave comment
on that point to my successor," he
Said.
"Will the Yankees win the pen-
nant?" another inquired.
"I'll leave that to a conference of
sporting writers," Farley said, grin-
ning.
The question of Parley's successor
is to be taken up with President
Roosevelt on Aug. 1 by a committee
under the leadership of Ed Flynn,
Democratic leader of the Bronx, N. Y.
It was understood, meanwhile, that
Mr. Roosevelt desired Frank Walker,
former Democratic party treasurer
and former head of the National
Emergency Council, to take the par-
ty chairmanship, but his acceptance
was uncertain.
Basic Concept
Of Word Given
By Bloomfield
By HAROLD B. ALLEN
In the second of his public lectures
describing basic language ideas,
Prof. Leonard Bloomfield of the Uni-
versity of Chicago last evening ;told
a Linguistic Institute audience what
a scientist means by a word.
"If you listen objectively to Eng-
lish you will hear such things as I've

killed a big bear' and 'There's a big
bear in the brush,' said Professor
Bloomfield. 'You should be able
presently to recognize the sound-
combination 'a big bear.' This is
what the scientist calls a free form,
in contrast to such a thing as the
'-ed' on 'killed' or 'rained,' which
because it can't stand by itself, is
a 'bound form'."
Although the linguist recognizes
that in any language'there are half-
way forms, like English "a" and
"am" French "me" and 'ne," never-
theless he sees the two major classes
as those of free forms and bound
forms. "A word," Professor Bloom-
field then defined, "is simply a mini-
mal free form, one that can't be
broken up into two or more free
forms."
Some of the curious things that
happen to words in different lan-
guages were then illustrated by Pro-
fessor Bloomfield, who gave in par-

Parley Speakers View Possible
Attitudes Toward Present War

Professors
Sound

Preuss,
Keynote.

Hobbs,
For Panel

Parker, Mr. Morgan
Discussions Today

Britain Scorns Nazi Peace Offer
As R.A. F. Bombs German Bases;
Gen. Brooke Replaces Ironside

By KARL KESSLER
Possible attitudes toward the Euro-
pean War: full participation, limited
intervention, non-intervention and
pacifism were explained and advo-
cated by the four keynote speakers
at the opening session of the second
annual Summer Parley yesterday at
the Union.
Discussion sessions of the Parley
will be held this afternoon and eve-
ning in the Union.
Panel sessions will begin at 3:15
p.m. and 7:45 p.m. today in follow-
ing rooms of the Union: Education,
Room 319; Religion, Room 302;
Civil Liberties, Room 316 and Na-
tional Elections in the Ballroom.
The closing session of the Parley
will begin at 9 p.m.
Introduced to the 200 students and
facultymen gathered for the general
session by Robert . Rosa, Grad.,
chairman, were Prof. William H.
Hobbs of the geology department, ad-
vocating full participation; Prof.
Lawrence Preuss of the political sci-
ence department on behalf of limit-
ed intervention; Prof. DeWitt Park-
er of the philosophy department as
Culture Group
To Hear Talks
On Commerce
Round Table Discussion
On' Graduate Program
To Be HeldThursday
Theme of the fourth week of lec-
tures and round tables sponsored by
the Graduate Study Program in
American Culture and Institutions
will be "Commerce and Industry:
Freedom of Enterprise." .
Six lectures will be given during
the week by five lecturers, begining
with a talk at 8:15 p.m. Monday on
"Technological Progress in Economic
Society" by Harlow S. Person, con-
sultant in business economics and
management, of New York City.
Dumas Malone Included
Tuesday's program will include Dr.
Dumas Malone, director of the Har-
vard University Press, speaking at
4:15 p.m. on "Titans of Business,"
and Gardiner C. Means, economic
adviser to the National Resources
Planning Board in Washington, who
will lecture on "Corporate Organiza-
tion and Concentration of Economic
Power" at 8:15 p.m.
Dr. Malone will again speak at
4:15 p.m. Wednesday, and at 8:15
p.m. Dean Christian Gauss of Prince-
ton University will address the
group. Dr. Malone's subject will be
"The Ebb and Flow of Statecraft,"
and Dean Gauss' topic will be "The
Role of Individualism in American
Life."
Sharfman To Speak
Prof. I. Leo Sharfman of the eco-
nomics department will give the con-
cluding lecture of the week at 4:15
p.m. Thursday on "The Development
of Social Control,"
The round table of the week at
7:30 p.m. Thursday will concern
"Laissez Faire and Public Control,"
and will be headed by Professor
Sharfman.

Reich's Air Raiders Hitler May Utilize Gas Bombs
Concentrate Attack . .m
on south Scotland In Forthcoming Attack On Britain

English Ships Sink
Italian War Cruiser;
150 Planes Battle

PROF. LAWRENCE PREUSS
opposed to intervention, and Ken-
neth Morgan, director of the student
religious association who presented
the viewpoint of the pacifist.
Pointing out that we are npw actu-
ally in the early stages of a great
war, Professor Hobbs argued that we
must give Great Britain and the
Allied cause the full cooperation of
our military forces ere Britain be
overwhelmed by the tide of Nazi dom-
ination and we stand alone as the
defenders of democracy.
If we bring active armed aid to
the cause of Britain and democracy
now, Professor Hobbs assured the
Parley, we will not in the least add
to our danger. Hitler, he pointed
out, makes war when he is prepared
to do so, whether aggravated by
previous offensive or not, as has been
vividly demonstrated in the recent
turn of events in Europe. If we fight
now we will have Britain, possibly
Russia as allies; if we wait, we shall
have to fight alone.
As the first steps toward active
-participation,-Professor Hobbs advo-
cated that the United States take
over strategic French, Dutch and
(Continued on Page 4)
Fourth Lecture
Will Be Given
B Culbertson*
The fourth lecture in the current
American Policy Series, sponsored by
the Summer Session, will be given
by Dr. William Smith Culbertson,
former chairman of the United
States Tariff Board, at 4:15 p.m.
Monday in the Rackhaxn Amphi-
theatre.
In addition to being a former pro-
fessor and chairman of the econom-
ics department at the Foreign Ser-
vice School in Georgetown, and
chairman of the Institute of Politics
at Williamston, Mass., Dr. Culbert-
son is a member of the American
Bar Association, the American Eco-
nomic Association, the American So-
ciety on International Law and the
Federal Bar Association.
Last year he spoke here at the
conference on Latin American stu-
dies and chaired the conference on
commercial relations.

En gage English
Fighting Planes
LONDON, July 19.--()-Lieut.-
Gen. Sir Alan Brooke, son of a
Northern Ireland family known as
"the fighting Brookes," became Com-
mander-in-Chief of the British Home
Forces tonight, succeeding Gen. Sir
Edmund Ironside in a move to
strengthen Britain's defenses.
Sir Alan is a World War hero who
won additional fame as Commander
of the Second Corps of the British
Expeditionary Force in France in
the present war.
A military figure at 56, he is an
expert on gunnery and machinery.
He played a large part in mechaniz-
ing the army..
Made Field Marshal
Sir Edmund was elevated to Field
Marshal and kept on the active list,
it was explained, reliable, "to be
available either in an advisory capa-
city or in command."
Meanwhile German raiders, con-
centrating their nightly aerial forays
upon Scotland, struck again at Great
Britain last night and early today
but first reports indicated they had
been driven off with little results.
1 Raiders appearing over Southeast
Scotland were engaged by anti-air-
craft fire and fighter planes and
one machine apparently was shot
down in flames.
.Nlght Assaults
The night assaults came several
hours after Britain's fighting planes
and aircraft defenses shot down
eleven Nazi attackers in two spec-
tacular battles 'involving 120 Nazi
bombers and fighters and 30 defense
planes yesterday over the Channel.
InFrance, Minister Paul Baudoin
declared tonight France has dis-
claimed all responsibility "for what-
ever may happen" following the
severance of diplomatic relations
with Britain.
France demanded the return of
interned units of the French fleet
and reparation for those sunk by
the British.bThe British refused and
the break between the two former
Allies was then complete.
Rice's Drama
Will Conclude
Four-Day Run
The. Michigan Repertory Players'
fourth production of the Summer
Session drama season, "Two on an
Island," will conclude its four-day
run at 8:30 p.m. today at the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre starring David
B. Itkin, chairman of the drama
department at DePaul University,
as Lawrence Ormont.
Highlighting the speech depart-
ment's showing of Elmer Rice's noted
Broadway success are a number of
varied scenes and characters design-
ed to give the audience an idea of
what New York is really like. The
scenes, 11l in number, include Times
Square, Greenwich Village, a sub-
way, an artist's studio, the top
of the Statue of Liberty and Ha-
lem.
More than 60 characters have
parts in the drama portraying such
diverse characters as a sailor, sig',-
seeing guide, Negro dancer, pro-
ducer, artist and prostitute.
Leading roles in the drama- are
played by Virginia Batka as Mary
Ward and James Moll as John
Thompson, a young coupe who try
to acclimate themselves to life in
the big city
Reichard Seeks Hearing
With UniversityOfficials

Claiming that the University has
not yet given him a reason for re-
fusing him readmittance in the fall,

Fuehrer Expected Refusal
Of Yesterday's Proposal,
Kirke Simpson Reveals
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON
(Associated Press Staff writer)
Scornful British rejection of Hit-
ler's surrender-or-die demand al-
ready has been forecast too clearly
for Germany to doubt the answer.
Hitler foretold it himself in an
ironic comment that "no Churchill
will be left" if the British Prime
Minister turns down this last "ap-
peal to reason in England;" but that
"the people left behind in London"
might be of a different mind.
That Hitler expects only a repeti-
tion of British defiance is so clearly
indicated that the only question left
by his speech is when he will let
loose her German thunderbolts on
England.
That can be expected soon, but
it seems probable that the "great
assault" will be deferred at least
long enough to permit German as-
sessment of reaction of the British
public and of the neutral world to
the Hitler ultimatum. He coupled
with it reiterated assurances that he
has no designs on any part of the
world other than the European con-
tinent and England, still balking his
full' realization of his continental
aims.
Naturally, there was nothing about
the Hitler warning to reveal the
nature of the attack planned on
England. Yet there are broad hints
in Hitler's repeated reference to Ger-
man air power as the essential ele-
Group To Visit'
Jackson Prison
To Leave At 8 A.M. Today
In EighthExcursion'
Leaving from in front of Angell
Hall at 8 a.m. today, Summer Ses-
sion students and faculty members
will travel by bus to Jackson in the
eighth Summer Session excursion, to
visit and inspect the modern physical
plant of the State Prisori of Southern
Michigan.
Besides the up-to-date cell blocks,
housing more than 5,000 inmates,
the visitors will see shops where the
prisoners work, recreational fields
where they get outdoor exercise and
the model kitchens where their daily
meals are prepared. This kitchen
was designed by Prof. Philip Potts
of the engineering school.
The ninth excursion, to be held
Wednesday, will be a trip to Green-
field Village in Dearborn.

ment of his continental victories.
And that again raises a question
as to what new form, thus far lack-
ing in this war, the German air at-
tack on England might take to give
it a "surprise" element, and to add
to its terrors for the British public.
There is no known additional ter-
ror weapon to which Germany might
now turn except gas bombs. There'
has been no authentic word of Ger-
many's using gas up to now in this
war. Most military observers have
believed the Nazi leadership was ac-
tuated by fear of reprisal against
German cities and towns in refrain-
ing from adding the horrors of gas
warfare to demolition and incen-
diary bomb attacks.
Prof. MeClusky
Gives AddressoEd ct r
To Educators
Declares That Conditions
In World Will Alter, Not
Solve Social Problems
By ROSE SCOTT
Mobilization of youth and the en-
tire nation in the prospect of a Hit-
ler-dominated Europe for the next
generation will change American so-
cial problems but will not solve them,
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of the
School of Education emphatically
pointed out to students, faculty and
members of the four education con-
ferences who convened for their last
session yesterday.
In spite of the unperturbed qual-
ity of ordinary life, emergency action
will be immediate on a large scale,
Professor McClusky predicted. The
universal conscription law, proposed
by President Roosevelt, and it op-
position on the grounds that it was
compulsory are the first indications
of measures which will be raised
again.
Non-militarization of such units
as the CCC, the NYA and Vocational
Training Program, which is the first
step in the defense use of govern-
mental agencies which serve youth,
is argued in some quarters, he said,
because they perform necessary
functions under their present sys-
tems.
State defense programs antici-
pated by Michigan's recent action
may prove to be the first in lines
of protection, the lecturer cited. The
major domestic problem is to keep
alive the democratic spirit along
with the action against subversive
groups and the second is to mobilize
(Continued on Page 4) 1

People Believe
Hitler Answered
(By The Associated Press)
LONDON, July 19.-Great Britain
scorned Adolf Hitler's peace offer
tonight as unworthy of reply except
in the easily understood language
of bomb blast and gunfire.
The German dictator gave point to
his threats of total destruction by
launching one of the widest and
heaviest air raids Britain ever has
experienced.
But the Royal Air Force ranged
far over Germany and German-
subjugated lands to bomb factories
and military storage places, includ-
ing the Krupp plant at Essen, and
the Royal Navy sent to the bottom
of the Mediterranean the Italian
cruiser Bartolomeo Colleoni, a 40.
knot warship rated as one of the
world's fastest.
The British defense forces shot
down at least 11 of the German
aerial raiders-four bombers and
seven fighters, at a cost of five
British fighter planes.
Two Big Battles
More than 150 German and British
planes participated in two big battles
off the southeast coast tliis after-
noon. Nearly 70 Nazi bombers and
fighters were engaged in the first,
and more than 50 in the second.
Britons, both of high and low de-
gree, took the attitude that Hitler's
latest peace overture had been an-
swered in advance five days ago by
Prime Minister Winston Churchill's
declaration:
"Berthe- ordeal sharp or long, or
both, we shall seek no terms; we
shall tolerate no parley."
Hitler Aware
Though Hitler is well awareof this
consistent Churchill stand, and
doubtless knew in advance what sort
of reception his peace scheme would
get, the British had been expecting
him to make just such a gesture ever
since the fall of France and the de-
termined British actions which kept
him from laying hands on the
French fleet.
The general opinion was that the
only surprising thing about it was
the lack of anything concrete or even
novel.
/ Of Hitler's threat to destroy the
British Empire, the ordinary Britain
scoffed : "Let him try it."
Combustion Institute
To Discuss Aircraft
Engines Here Today
The construction and design of
aircraft engines will highlight the
week's discussions of the Internal
Combustion Institute.
Forgings for aircraft engines will
be analyzed and compared by H. F.
Wood of the Wyman Gordon Com-
pany in the opening talk of the In-
stitute's lecture session at 9 a.m. to-
day in the Rackham- Amphitheatre.
Also scheduled to speak this morn-
ing is E. J. Willis of the Aluminum
Company of America, who will pre-
sent aluminum's contribution to the
aircraft engine field with a discus-
sion of cast and forged aluminum
alloys in aircraft engines.
The Internal Combustion Institute,
include weekly feature talks by out-
standing men in industry and in-
dustrial research on phases of in-
ternal combustion engine design and
operation.
Rev. E. H. Wilson
Will Lead Panel
"Moral Means for Moral Ends"
will be the subject of a panel dis-

cussion at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow at
the Unitarian Church, corner of

High School Instrumentalists Play Here:
Erik W. Leidzen Will ConductF
Band Clinic Concert Tomorrow
Under the direction of its guest As accompanist, he has worked
conductor, Erik W. Leidzen of New with such distinguished stars as
York City, the fifth annual High Frieda Hempel and Goeta Ljunberg.
School Band Clinic will present the In the field of composition, he
second concert of the summer at 4:15 has made many piano arrangements
p.m. tomorrow in Hill Auditorium. for the publishing firms of Schir-
Composed of 136 high school band mer and Fischer. His contributions
students from all parts of the coun- include songs, choral compositions,
try, the Band Clinic will again climax chamber music and symphonic music.
a week of rehearsals with a public In 1938 his "Fuge with Chorale"
performance tomorrow, with Mr. was presented at the American Com-
Leidzen substituting on the band- posers Symposium, and the same
stand for Prof. William D. Revelli, year a group of his songs were pre-
director. sented at the MacDowell Club Com-
Born in Stokholm, Mr. Leidzen posers meeting. His Swedish Rhap-
spent several years in Copenhagen, sody for orchestra was awarded first
and studied piano, organ, harmony prize for work of Scandinavian com-
and composition at the Royal Acad- posers, as was also his composition
emy in Stockholm. "Spring Journey" for women's chor-
Migrating to the United States in us.

Summer Session Chorus Program:
Prof. Christiansen Will Direct,
Vesper Program Tomorrow

Prof. Olaf Christiansen of Oberlin
College will direct the Summer Ses-
sion chorus at 8 p.m. tomorrow in
the second in the series of vesper
services to be held in Hill Auditor-
ium.
Growing up in the traditions of
choral music, Professor Christiansen
began to conduct choirs at the age
of 16. After his graduation from
St. Olaf's College in 1925, he helped
his father direct the famous music
group of the school. With additional
study and research on church music
in New York City he began his career
of teaching, joining the faculty of
Oberlin College in 1929 as instructor
of choral and madrigal singing and
choral conducting.
At Oberlin he is noted for his di-
rection of the A Cappella Choir, a
group of Elizabethan singers; the
170-voice Musical Union; and the

PROF. OAI'F HR,1STIANSIEN I

I __ I

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