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August 16, 1939 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1939-08-16

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Weather
and warmer today.'

Y

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

4E3aiI

Editorial
A Job
Weli Done

I'

I

.....

AX. No. 44

Z-323

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, AUG. 16, 1939

PRICE FIVE CENTS

mw

Pico Replies
belles Note
Assaulting
Companies

Ohio State Trustees Ban
Students' Marxist Group

xpropriated Corporations
Brougit On Own Fate,
Foreign__Minister Says
.ejects U.S. Plan
For Joint Operation
MEXICO CITY, Aug. 15.-(P)-
eneral Eduardo Hay, Mexican For-
gn Minister, tonight assailed the
ecalcitrant" attitude of expropri-
ed oil companies and charged they
id forced a suspension in negotia-
)fs looking toward a settlement.
His statement replied to one issued
- Sumner Welles, acting Secretary'
State in Washington, who yester-
y demanded an early settlement of
e controversy now nearly 18 months,

n Minister said the com-
ted the United States'
s suggestion of a "mixed
perate the oil properties
the suggestion was re-
xico.
he said, the cbmpanies
the suggestion attributed
he negotiations to the
vernment. As a result,
he Mexican Ambassador
n was obliged "to make
y rectifications, suspend-
tiations."
Iay said, despite the atti-
oil companies, "Mexico,
frank spirit of concilia-
ing now as always, on
3roposed by Mexico or
lually constructive which
>mitted, to renew con-
ith the companies."

At Conference Here
Grave doubts.ds to the effective-
cess of diplomatic action in protect-
ing United States company property
from expropriation had been ex-
pressed only this weekend by several
members of the Conference on Eco-
nomic Relations with Latin America
held at the University.
One Government official had in-
dicated great faith in the "psycholog-
ical effect" of this government's ver-
bal "frowns "at her smaller neighbors
to the south. Others advocated more
drastic reprisals in the form of eco-
nomic sanctions of one form or an-
other.
But some, whose fears may have
been justified by Mexico's refusal to
consider even joint operation of ex-
propriated oil companies, warned that
any attempts to regain control for
the companies woud prove futile in
the face of rising nationalistic senti-
ment in Latin American nations.
FDR Appeals
For Settlement
Of Union Row
Calls On Heads Of CIO And
AFL To End Quarrel
For Benefit Of Labor
NEW YORK, Aug. 15.-P)---Presi-
dent Roosevelt, who brought the
leadership of the AFL and CIO to-
gether last winter in a series of un-
successful conferences intended to
make peace between them, appealed
again today for a settlement of their
differences.
"I venture to express the hope,"
Mr. Roosevelt said in a message to
the 76th annual convention of the
New York State Federation of Labor
(AFL), "that the convention will
leave open every possible door of ac-
cess to peace and progress in the af-
fairs of organized labor in the United
States.
"If leaders of organized labor can
make and keep the peace between
various opinions and factions within
the labor group itself, it will vastly
increase the prestige of labor with the
country and prevent the reaction
which otherwise is bound to injure
the workers themselves."
In another passage, the President
remarked:
"I hope you will give attention to
the matter which I am always. con-

Two Dissent Terming Act]
'Greater Threat' Than
Mere Discussion Club
COLUMBUS, O., Aug. 15.-(P)-
majority of Ohio State University's
Trustees concluded an investigation
of "Unamerican and subversive activi-
ties" today by criticizing some faculty
teaching methods and banning one
student organization, "The Marxist
Club."
Two of the seven Trustees, however,
filed a 'dissenting report asserting:
"We cannot feel that the existence
of a Marxist discussion club consist-
ing of 15 out of 13,000 students is a
threat to our free institutions. The
order requiring its dissolution seems
to us a greater threat."
The dissenting trustees were Miss
M. Edith Campbell of Cincinnati ald
Lockwood Thompson of Cleveland.
The Trustees' investigating com-
mittee's report on the American-Le-
gion inspired inquiry found some evi-
dence of "bad taste" in classroom
teaching and conselled faculty mem-
AFL Decrees
ctors' Union
Overpunished
Reinstatement Is Ordered
For Sophie Tucker's
Ousted Stage Company
ATLANTIC CITY, N.J., Aug. 15.-
(P)-The American Federation of La-
bor's executive council ruled tonight
that Sophie Tucker's American Fed-
eration of Actors had been too cruelly
punished when the Associated .Actors
and Artistes of America turned it out
into the cold.
The executive council called on the
AAAA to reinstate the union and or-
dered the International Alliance of]
Theatrical Stage employes, which had
adopted the orphaned body, to with-
draw the charter it gave the AFA.
Suspension Lifted
The AFL lifted all suspensions is-
sued by the various local and parent
unions until questions involved can
be solved by a joint committee of 10
selected from the AAAA, Actors Equi-
ty, Chorus Equity, 'Radio Artists,
Screen Actors and the AFL.
"This decision," said William
Green, AFL president, "has been sub-
mitted to the AAAA, the AFA and the
IATSE and we assume it will be ac-
cepted by all parties.
"This controversy was dumped in
our laps as an extra-ordinary affair
and it will be the purpose of the
American Federation of Labor to
have this decision carried into ef-
fect."
Injustice Hit
Another actors' problem which the
AFL council investigated was the
question of actors who perform in9
the several mediums of stage, screen,
radio and have to pay union dues for
each medium.
"It impressed the council," Green
said, "that it was an injustice for an
actor to be compelled to join one
union after another, even though he
sang the same song or did the same
act on half a dozen different me-
diums."
A point yet to be settled is the
status of Ralph Whitehead, executive
secretary of the AFA.
Green said: "No understanding
was reached about Whitehead. He
simply takes his chance as does any
other candidate for office."'
Miss Tucker, head of the AFA,
seemed emphatic that Whitehead
would stay.
Army Crash

Injures Two
Failing Motor Causes Fall
Into Pacific Ocean
SAN JOSE, Costa Rica, Aug. 15-
(P)-A United States Army plane
broke into four parts and two of its
four-man crew were seriously injured
today when a motor failed and caused
the ship to crash into the Pacific
Ocean near Parrita, 60 miles south of
Puntarenas.
The bi-motored plane was one of
six en .route from Panama to San
Antonio, Tex.
Lieutenant Frank Smith and fSec-

bers that more "temperate action"
would create "better relations."
The majority action also demanded
faculty members assume greater re-
sponsibility for student activities and
exercise more rigid supervision.
Main criticism fell upon the Marx-
ist Club, which the report said "en-
gaged in a study of the theories of
Karl Marx," and "made an effort to
interest other campus groups in the
cause of Loyalist Spain."
The Board stated: "We do not be-
lieve that a publicly-supported in-
stitution has any right to give aid and
assistance in the form of recognition
and quarters to organizations such as
the Marxist Club."
The Board defended "free class-
room discussion of controversial sub-
jects" but "more temperate action
on the part of a few faculty mem-
bers would be conducive to better
public relations. We speak of things
which are in bad taste rather than
subversive.
The Board ordered:
That faculty advisers to campus
groups attend all meetings and report
regularly to the university president.
That the Council on Student Af-
fairs be "required to scrutinize more
carefully all campus organizations,
and the council be required to con-
sult faculty advisers."
The Board said it did not believe
the American Student Alliance "had
been conduced in the best interests of
the university" but that there were
no specific grounds to act against
the group. The Alliance, the Board
said, is an affiliate of the American
Student Union which "resulted from
a coalition of the Student Union for
Industrial Democracy and the Na-
tional Student League, the latter
group being the American section of
the Proletarian Youth League of
Moscow."
The groups investigated had a
combined membership of no more
than 75 persons out of the 13155 stu-
dent enrollment, 2,517 faculty mem-
bers and service employes, the Board
said.
The trustees' action brought from
State Legion Commander Eli Jensen
commendation- for the "definiteness
of their recommendations," and the
fairness and directness of the in-
vestigation.
Delay Raising
Sunken Squalus
Until Thursday
Divers Find Vessel's Hatch
Open; Salvage Officials
Unable To Explain Cause
PORTSMOUTH, N.H., Aug. 15.-(P)
-A hatch on the after battery com-
partment of the submarine Squalus
was found open by a diver shortly
before Navy salvage officers decided
tonight pontoons used in raising the
$4,000,000 submersible must be read-
justed, delaying at least until Thurs-
day a second lifting attempt.
Just before work on the submarine
stopped for the night, Rear Admiral
Cyrus W. Cole wirelessed the infor-
mation from the salvage flagship
Falcon to the navy yard.
Capt. Richard F. Edwards, who re-
turned to the Navy yard tonight, said
the salvage officers were at a loss to
explain the open hatch. He added,
however, that leakage of air into the
compartment might have built up
enough pressure to force open the
hatch when the bow shot to the sur-
face on the unsuccessful attempt to
raise the Squalus last July 13.
Divers made a preliminary inspec-
tion of the open hatch tonight but
deferred a thorough check until to-
morrow. Officials said another lift
might be attempted Thursday unless
more difficulties are encountered..

Traffic Meet
Begins Class
SafetyWork
One, Two-Week Courses
Offered As Main Part
Of 2nd Annual Session
Modern Methods
Offered:Students
The National Institute for Traffic
Safety Training yesterday launched
special courses of one and two-week
duration in various phases of special-
ized training, as the principal func-
tion of its second annual meeting
here, lasting until Aug. 26.
Simultaneously with the beginning
of classroom sessions, Dr. Miller Mc-
Clintock, chairman of the Adminis-
trative Committee for the Institute,
declared that its purpose is to offer
persons engaged in traffic safety
activities an opportunity to keep
abreast of modern techniques and
further enlarge their opportunities
for "career service'" in the traffic
safety movement. Dr. McClintock,
who is Director of the Yale Bureau
for Street Traffic Research, said that
the special courses at Ann Arbor
supplementing the training work at
Yale and Northwestern, as well as
that of motor vehicle departments
and other groups, is proving most
far-reaching in its influence for bet-
ter traffic conditions.
Special Course
The special courses launched this
morning and the course directors are:
Accident Investigation by Police, A.
R. Forster, Director of Training Ac-
tivities of Northwestern University
Traffic Institute; Administration of
Drivers' License Examinations, J. S.
Baker, Traffic Safety Consultant,
National Safety Council; Advanced
Methods of Adult Driver Training,
Mrs. Mildred Y. McKay, Director,
Driving School of the Cleveland Auto-
mobile Club; Traffic Engineering,
Maxwell Halsey, Associate Director,
Yale University Bureau for Street
Traffic Research; Traffic Accident
Reports and Records, R. L. Forney,
Chief Statistician, and Kirk A. Kee-
gan, Statistician, National Safety
Council, Traffic Safety Education in
Elementary Schools, Dr. F. R.
Noffsinger, Educational Consultant,
American Automobile Association;
Vehicle Fleet Safety, James G. Hay-
den, Fleet Engineer, National Safety
Council.
Experts Impressed
The traffic officers, traffic investi-
gators, engineers, safety directors and
teachers attending the Institute were
markedly impressed with the state-
ment sent by Thomas H. MacDonald,
U. S. Commissioner of Public Roads,
in which he stressed the importance
of such training programs as that of
the Institute. Commissioner Mac-
Donald said:
"Modernization of the country's
road system, with particular empha-
sis on elimination of congestion, will
undoubtedly minimize traffic hazards.
Such a program has been recom-
mended to Congress, on the basis of
findings from the highway planning
surveys now under way in forty-six
(Continued on Page 4)
Visiting Astronomer
Snaps 7,000 Mars Shots
BLOEMFONTEIN, South Africa,
Aug. 15.-(P)-Or. Earl C. Slipher,
American astronomer, has completed
photographing the surface of Mars,
making 7,000 pictures-many in color
-during a month's study of the plan-

et at the University of Michigan
Observatory here.
Excellent visibility during the week
end enabled Slipher to obtain' data
on the wind direction on Mars which
recently has been nearest the earth
since 1924 although approximately
36,000,000 miles away.

Charge Jap
Sentinal Hit
U.S. Woman
Full Report On Incident
Sent To Washington;
Reject Jap Explanation
Sought To Enter
Blockaded Region
TIENTSIN, Aug. 15.- (P) -The
United States consulate was reported
to have sent Washington a full re-
port today on the slapping of a 59-
year-old American widow by a Ja-
panese sentry after finding a Japan-
ese explanation unsatisfactory.
It was understood the report fol-
lowed upon a visit by Japanese Vice-
Consul W. Nishida to the consulate
to attempt adjustment of the inci-
dent. It involved Mrs. Mary Frances
Richard, who was slapped and de-
tained for an hour yesterday when
she sought to enter the Japanese-
blockaded French concession.
Called Arrogant
The Japanese consulate said the
differences arose because of language
difficulties and Mrs. Richard's al-j
leged "arrogance" when she was
called upon to produce identification
papers.
Mrs. Richard, a native of San Fran-
cisco who has been a resident of
China 34 years, said the slapping oc-
curred when she tried to enter the
concession with vegetables and fruit
"prohibited" in the blockaded area.
She was carrying the produce into
the foreign area for use in her small
canning business which she operates
to supplement her income as a teach-
er of English.
Tells Story
Her account follows :
The sentry ignored her identifica-
tion card issued by the American con-
sulate and ordered her into a shed
where another Japanese ordered her
to dump her baskets.
She was about to comply when she
saw a Chinese in front of her re-.
moving his trousers while undergoing
search by the Japanese. There-upon
she turned and dumped the vege-
(Continued on Page 3)

Train Vandal
Search Begun
By FBI Agents
Clues Spur Investigation
Of 'Work Of Madman'
RENO, Nev., Aug. 15.-()P)-Federal
officers today took over investigation
of the wreck of the streamline train
"City of San Francisco," and direc-
tion of the search for the maniac
who, trainmen say, deliberately de-
railed the train, killing 23 people and
injuring 109.
The search was spurred by clues to-
ward the identity of the man, or men,
who moved a rail and thus hurtled
the 17-car train into a Nevada can-
yon Saturday night.,
"We have some definite evidence,"
said A. D. McDonald, President of
the Southern Pacific Company, who
took charge of the railways' investi-
gation, "but it is of such a nature that
we do not feel free to divulge it at
this time."
An unrevealed number of men were
picked up in railway yards and "ho-
bo jungles," and were questioned as
the search spread over Nevada, Utah
and California.
Officers were divided in their
opinion as to whether the crime was
the work of one or two men. Mc-
Donald sided with those who believed
it was the work of a lone madman-
"a man with a diseased brain-pos-
sibly one with a grudge against some
individual on the train, satisfying
that grudge without regard for the
lives that might be snuffed out."
"A man would be a fool to take an-
other into his confidence in a thing
like this," he continued. "A confed-
erate would, sooner or later, be bound
to squeal."

Fear Danzig Coup
As Ominous Silence
Hangs Over Europe

Gridiron Moguls Protest Idea
Of Thanksgiving Day Change

Observers Parallel Scene
To Days Just Preceding
Nazis' Stroke At Munich
German Troops Mass
Near Polish Border
(By The Associated Press)
A silence, which many observers
regarded as ominous, hung over the
foreign offices of Europe Tuesday
night and in Berlin there were indi-
cations almost immediate action
might be forthcoming in the Ger-
man-Polish dispute over Danzig.
Amid continued rumors of peace
plans and exchanges of mysterious
messages between capitals, trained
observers thought they saw a parallel
to the days preceding Munich.
One of the most portentious signs
in Berlin was the silence in govern-
ment quarters where there usually is
much to be said until something def-
inite is afoot.
Other signs noted in Berlin includ-
ed:
Massing of German soldiers all
along the Polish frontier;
Demands by the. German press for

Hahn Says
Is Aided
Date To

Business Man
By Advancing
November 23

NEW YORK, Aug. 15.-(IP)-A grid-
iron rebellion grew today apace with1
a pile-up of protests from rock-
ribbed traditionists against Presi-
dent Roosevelt's plan to change the1
day of Thanksgiving this year from
Nov. 30 to Nov. 23.
Many in authority and business-'
men, favored the President's prece-
dent-smashing idea-to help business'
-but the football people were both]
amazed and flabbergasted over what
to do with games scheduled for
Nov. 30.
There may be two Thanksgivings
this year.
Tradition-bound New England was
largely shocked.
Senator Bridge (Rep.-N.H.) led the
opposition in Washington with a
statement that the President's an-
nouncement was "a complete surprise
because there had been no intimation
of it in Mrs. Roosevelt's column."
Heartily approving the President's
announcement was Lew Hahn, gen-
eral manager of the National Retail
Dry Goods Association, who on Aug.
4 addressed a communication to
Secretary of Commerce Hopkins urg-
ing an earlier Thanksgiving as "good
for business."
His organization represents some
5,700 department, specialty and dry
goods stores, which were estimated
to do well over $500,000,000-or
around 15 per cent of the yearly
total-in the peak shopping season
from Turkey Day and Christmas.
Hahn said the President's move
would have an "assuring effect" upon
manufacturers and distributors of
consumers goods.
But from the angry tone of author-
Fall Causes Injury
To Dorm Worker
Falling down an elevator shaft

ities most vehemently opposed to the
proposed change it appeared there
might be a dual Thanksgiving this
year, with some states gorging on
turkey, cranberries and football on
Nov. 23 and the old guard having
theirs a week later, which would be
just another Thursday to "new deal-
ers."
The State Department in Washing-
ton pointed out that the governors of
the individual states have more to say
about Thanksgiving than the Presi-
dent because his proclamation is val-
id only in territories and the District
of Columbia and among Federal em-
ployes.
College football managers saw their
finely drawn schedules upset by the
President's announcement and ex-
pressed resentment in some cases,
and a desire to switch dates as best
they could in others.
The change would not only affect
schedules themselves but the condi-
tioning plans of the coaches, who
would find big games scrambled out
of the order originally planned.
Announce New
Wage Increase
In WPA Work
To Raise National Average
About $2.50 A Month;
Required By Relief Act
WASHINGTON, Aug. 15.-(p)-
Commissioner F. C. Harrington an-
nounced today a new schedule of
monthly security wages for WPA
project workers which, he said, would
raise the national average about
$2.50 a month for approximately 2,-
194,911 persons..
This, he added, would mean that
the old average of $53 a month
would be stepped up to about $55.50.
The new wages become effective
Sept. 1.-
In general, Harrington said, the
-~~"nn A lnes r.n..n.i.l ir-

WARSAW, Aug. 16.--(A)--The
Polish telegraph agency reported
that German authorities today
closed all border traffic along
that part of their Silesian fron-
tier facing the Polish district of
Rybnik.
The agency added that all tele-
phone communication between
this German district and Poland
had been cut off.
No reason for this action was
given although the impression in
Polish circles is that it is a move
to provide -secrecy for German
fortifications or troop movements
in this area.
BERLIN, Aug. 16.-(AP)-Nazi
newspapers said Polish police
closed local border traffic outside
of Beuthen in Upper Silesia to-
day.
The newspapers said that Po-
lish border guards yesterday para-
lyzed local border traffic on the
Beuthen-Katowice Railroad and
on the highway between Beuthen
and Tarnowice.
Workers living on the Polish
side, the newspapers said, were
kept from going to jobs in the
German mines in the Beuthen
region.
"speedy" settlement of the Danzig
question; warnings to England,
France and Poland to be reasonable
"before it is too late"; the unexpected
return from Italy to Berlin yesterday
of Propaganda Minister Joseph Goeb-
bels; the hasty return to Rome from
Salzburg, Germany, on Sunday of the
Italian Foreign Minister, Count Gal-
eazzo Ciano; prohibiting of German
fishermen to go to their fishing
grounds in the Baltic; desertion of
German beaches on the Baltic; and
the reported distribution of booklets
to German soldiers telling them how
to ask for essential needs in the Polish
language.
It was surmised that Count Ciano's
quick departure for Italy after his
conference with Fuehrer Adolf Hitler
and Foreign Minister Joachim von
Ribbentrop might have been to syn-
chronize the Axis plans.
Meanwhile, Europe remained an
armed camp. A military writer for
Reuters, British News Agency, esti-
mated Europe's men under arms ex-
clusive of naval and air forces,
at 8,500,000. He concluded there ap-
peared to be a "fairly even balance"
between the land forces of the Rome-
Berlin Axis and the British-French
front and associated powers.
The part in the Danzig question to
be played by unassuming Dr. Carl J.
Burkhardt, high commissioner of the
League of Nations in Danzig, still re-
mained a question.
Packard Workers
To Vote On Union
DETROIT, Aug. 15.-(IP)-Approxi-
mately 9,000 employes of the Packard
Motor Car Co. will vote Thursday to
determine whether they wish to be
wnn-.nd t n t.- , w- 4T"% Y~.:. i -1 A.,

Huge Power Socialization Stride
Taken In TVA Utility Purchase

NEW YORK, Aug. 15.-(P)-Gov-
ernmental authorities today paid
$78,425,095 for electric power pro-
perties in Tennessee in the greatest
transfer of utilities from private to
public ownership in the history of the
United States.
The money payment, in a ceremony
participated in by more than 200

demonstrated that no business, how-
ever well run, can endure against the
competition of the Federal Govern-
ment." He declared his company
had been "forced" to sell because it
could not compete with "subsidized
Government competition."
David E. Lilienthal, director of the
Federal-owned Tennesse Valley Auth-
ority, which contributed $44,728,300

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