THE MICHIGAN DAILY TL
Aristotle In The Renaissance
Dean Richard P. McKeon Gives His Views On
The Relation Of A Philosopher With A Movement
By STAN M. SWINTON
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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ITOR: ETHEL Q. NORBERG
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of the Daily
staff and represent the views of the
By HARRY M. KELSEY
The doctrine of Aristotle is not an entity, but
rather a source of doctrines, Dr. Richard P.
McKeon, Dean of the Division of Humanities of
the University of Chicago, said yesterday be-
fore the packed Amphitheatre of the Rack-
ham School in the first of a series of lectures
sponsored by the Graduate Conference on Ren-
aissance Studies. Dean McKeon's :subject was
"Aristotle in the Renaissance."
Pointing out the various philosophies and
schools of thought that grew out of the works
of Aristotle and his commentators, Dean McKeon
stressed the idea that Renaissance philosophers,
whether favorably or adversely, made use of
Aristotle in a number of ways, finding his writ
Ings sufficiently ambiguous to draw from them
in some way or other many of the conclusions
they wished to reach and much of the logic
they needed to reach them.
There are, Dean McKeon asserted, three con-
venient approaches to the study of Aristotle in
the Renaissance. He named the relation of tlie
Aristotelian philosophy to the Christian religion,
the arguments growing out of the direct studies
of Aristotle's writings and the controversies be-
tween the supporters of the opposing schools of
Aristotle and Plato.
Speaking on the first of these topics, the
lecturer mentioned the intricacies arising out
of the questions of the relation of Aristotle to
the truths of religion, and of whether he was in
accord with the Christian doctrine on various
matters. Dean McKeon cited examples of this
debate from both the earlier and later phases
of the Renaissance.
The study of the original works of Aristotle,
which came later in the Renaissance period,
rather than the perusal through the eyes of
other philosophers, gave rise to a good many
controversies, an example of which Dean McKeon
Since President Roosevelt chose wisely for
the two posts, the Senate will promptly confirm
the nominations of Jesse H. Jones and John W.
Carmody as administrators, respectively, of the
new large Government institutions, the Federal
Loan Agency and the Federal Works Agency,
Jones, the Texas banker, a personal crony of
Vice-President Garner, has been an outstanding
figure at Washington throughout the Roosevelt
An engineer accredited in his profession and
experienced in industrial engineering positions,
Carmody is advanced to the higher place from
the chief directorship of the Rural Electrifica-
Both rank as qualified men and rightists rather
than leftists in the New Deal.
In both cases, though in Jones' most clearly,
the President seems to show respect for the
temper of Congress on placing extremists in
possession of far-reaching powers. These offices,
in which the powers over lending and public
Works are concentrated, are principal results of
the authority to make reorganization of the
Federal services given the President by the re-
cently enacted Government Reorganization Act.
Jones quickly won public confidence for his
administration of the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation. In the greater office, he will ad-
minister RFC's and all Government lending, in-
cluding the addition if Congress approves the
program of 3,860 millions of new loans. Th6
loaning has reached dubious proportions with-
out taking on nearly four billions more. However,
that fact strengthens the argument against put-
ting an "easy money" New Dealer in chagre of
loans, a thing which, according to a succession
of reports, the President desired to do.
(Continued from Page 1)
Most likely to feel the mailed-fist of Hitler
soon, however, is Jugoslavia, Professor Pollock
predicted. Since the annexation of Austria, this
state, whose Prince Paul is already a Nazi sym-
pathiser, is leaning constantly closer to the
come-Berlin Axiis. An "impossible military
position" coupled with "serious home political
problems" makes it probable that Germany
could take Hungary whenever she wished with-
out serious opposition.
The creation of a German Ukraine as the
ultimate aim of Germany's aggression was sug-
gested by Professor Pollock. The rich graineries
and minerals of the region may well be the goal
of the "Drang Nach Osten," he said.
0 " 0
ABOTAGE is an ugly word. It is one
that should be used discreetly, but
under present conditions of world affairs, sabo-
tage is a possibility in international relations
that must not be passed over too lightly.
In the recent run of submarine disasters,
though no evidence of intentional tampering
has yet been discovered, the mysterious causes
of each have aroused some curiosity. It would
be rash to level charges of sabotage simply be-
cause of the similarity and rapidity of the;
accidents, but in the background are the cir-
cumstances of the international scene and other.
conditions that might make such action a dis-
During the decade prior to the Squalus inci-
dent, only four major submarine accidents are
recorded. Of these one was the result of a colli-
sion with another surface vessel, and a second
occurred while adjustments on the submarine's
gear were being made.
Yet between May 24 and June 16 of this year,
three of the most modern submarines in the
British,' French and United States navies sank,
apparently because of mechanical failure. They
contained all the safety devices known to their
respective governments and were manned by
crews highly trained in submarine operation, yet,
"fate" singled them out rather than one of the
older types in service.
The physical cause for the Squalus disaster
seems to have been definitely blamed on the
failure of the main induction valve to close, yet.
testimony indicates that lights on the control
board showed that it was not open. Apparently
both the closing mechanism and the indicator
light had failed at the same time. Could this be
Reports from the British Thetis tragedy state
that the flooding of the forward compartments
was caused by an open torpedo tube valve. A
striking similarity to the Squalus incident.
Turning toward the most recent of the three
accidents, the French Phenix, we unfortunately
find only a shroud of mystery. No survivors re-
main, no contact was established with the ship
and the vessel has only recently been found.
Only this seems to be quite certain: it was not
caused by a collision.
The actual "fixing" of an undersea craft is a
relatively simple matter, as may have occurred
in this case. In this delicate type of craft
in which -the perfect operation of every unit is
required, the mere cutting of a few wires is
sufficient to cause a major disaster if such work
is done just prior to a crucial dive, as was the
case in all three of these accidents.
As for motives for such an act, if it were done
in each of the disasters, there is first the fact
that all three of the vessels, especially the Thetis
and Squalus, were the most modern, largest and
deadliest that their respective navies had on
Less obvious, but far more potent, are the in-
direct effects of the series of disasters. With
huge armament programs- booming in all major
countries, unfavorable public sentiment on the;
question of submarines would make itself felt
when appropriations for new submarines are
sought. Loss of confidence in the submarine in
democratic countries may lead to decreasing use
of the undersea craft
All of these possibilities are vague and seem
hardly plausible when given much attention. Still,
the strange circumstances remain, and the world
has seen far stranger steps taken in recent years
in e -,Patnrml iviaglr anti struggle for
gave in the argument between the Alexandri-
ans and the Averroists. The Alexandrians, he
said, opposed the Stoics in the doctrine of
destiny and the sul, and the Averroists believed
there was one soul for all mankind. Each, he
pointed out, found support in Aristotle's writings,
although nowhere in his works can be found any
definite statements or even theories on the ques-
tion on the soul.
Throughout his lecture, Dean McKeon empha-
sized the Renaissance controversy between the
teachings of Aristotle and those of Plato; he
cted as an example Platinus' differentiation,
that the philosophy of Aristotle applied to the
changing things of ordinary life, that of Plato
applied to eternal things, and therefore, where
the followers of the Platonic school could assim-
ilate Aristotle, the Aristotelians were forced to
The Renaissance, while in general opposing
Aristotle though not as completely as is common-
ly thought, brought on a quantity of paraphras-
ings and translations of the philosopher's writ-
ings, and a good many commentaries, Dean
McKeon told his audience. One of. the major
attacks, he said, was that of Platho in support
of Plato, which brought forth in return various
defenses of Aristotle such as that of Cardinal
Bessarion, many of which tried to reconcile
Plato and Aristotle, doing so usually at the ex-
pense of Aristotle.
In conclusion, Dean McKeon drew a parallel
between the philosophical situation of the Ren-
aissance and that of the present time and recom-
mended an examination of Renaissance philos-
ophy to explain the roots of our own period and
as a laboratory for a study of the shifts and
alp -tions of philosophical thought.
The next lecture of the series will be given
Monday, July 10, by Prof. Erwin Panofsky of the
Institue for Advanced Study at Princeton Uni-
versity, on "The Art-Theory of the Renaissance."
Michigan students don't give a hoot about
eastern culture but they want to do Gotham up
brown by seeing everything from Coney Island to
the art museums, a questionnaire showed recent-
Seventy-six percent of those answering 10,000
of the questionnaires at Big Ten Universities,
wanted, in fact, to "go every place and see every-
thing" in New York.
Results of these questionnaires circulated on
the campuses recently will be used as a basis for
the daily schedule of the "Big Ten" co-ed group
which will hostess a national watch manufactur-
ing firm's observatory on the fair grounds. Miss
Marcia Connell, '39, is the University beauty who
will represent her campus and welcome Michi-
gan visitors to the New York Fair.
Without a doubt, Michigan students visiting
New York would have a unique and amusing
slant on sightseeing, judging from the question-
naires. While some would like to "swim out to
the Statue of Liberty" or "see how long a bicycle
rider would last in Broadway traffic," others
desire an air ride over the city or to "just rubber-
neck." Some would like to see Mrs. Astor's horse,
take a bus ride up Broadway, or see push carts in
the Ghetto. Others want nothing better than to
"dine, dance and stuff."
When it came to eating places, the average
student would select restaurants with big names.
However, automats, chain restaurants, foreign
cafes and small restaurants "off the main drag",
appealed to a large group. For the most part,
eating places having "atmosphere," whether
musical or scenic, were most popular.
As for historical points to see, the Statue of
Liberty towered high above Grant's Tomb, Tam-
many Hall, Ellis Island, and Times Square. Many
times mentioned were Trinity Church, Little,
Church Around the Corner, and St. Paul's Cathe-
In the line of scientific, industrial, and busi-
ness establishments, most mentioned were Radio
City, Wall Street, newspaper plants, Empire State
building, and radio studios.
Points of general interest to see by day were
Ellis Island, tenement sections, Coney Island,
ship docks, Holland Tunnel, Fifth Avenue, and
the World's Fair. By night the points of interest
most desired were Chinatown, Broadway from
a bus top, Greenwich Village, and again the
A pretty definite idea of how to see "cafe
society" was shown by the students. Fourteen
well publicized dine-and-dance spots were "tops"
for evening entertainment.bEspecially named
were places with big-name bands..
When it came to distinguished people to meet,
the vote went overwhelmingly for Mayor La-
Guardia, Grover Whalen, and Michigan graduate
Thoams Dewey. Others ranking high were Gov-
ernor Lehman, Jimmy Walker, Al Smith, Dorothy
Thompson, Joe DiMaggio, Orson Welles, Walter
Winchell, Katherine Cornell and Billy Rose. One
girl's hearts desire was to "see an escort bureau."
As for the question, "What one thing yould you
want most to do while in New York?" the con-
sensus of opinion was to see the World's Fair and
sightsee around New York City.
Ed Hutchens has disappeared into
the wilds of Milwaukee not to re-
appear again until he joins his mates
on the swimming team for their
September exhibition jaunt through
the British Isles. But just before
the Hutch left his financial condi-
tion was unhealthy. In fact he was
dead broke, there was no one around
from whom credit could be procured
and he was living alone in the spa-
cious confines of the Sigma Phi
Now in the back of Sigma Phi is a
mulberry tree and after two days of
hunger the Hutch decided mulberries
were probably an edible fruit or
vegetable as the case may be, so one
bright morning he breakfasted on a
dish of them. Aside from feeling a
bit silly eating the same food as a
silkworm, he said, they were pretty
good. Hutch's only complaint was:
"I have to get out there early
every morning and yell like *!$"
to make those damn birds real-
ize that I'm the guy that's living
off those mulberries, not them."
* * ,
It 'was the inimitable Hutch, inci-
dently, who offered the following
solution to a gracious lady who lives
beside the Arboretum and was both-
ered each morning by the merry
chirping of birds at 4 a.m.
"Just buy a bird bath," Hutch ex-
plained after due thought. "Fill it
with beer-four bottles would do the
trick. Then you won't be bothered
because the birds will drink the beer
and no living creature, bird or beast,
is going to get up at 4 a.m. if he's
had four bottles of beer."
* * *
DOTS AND DASHES: Allan Sea-
ger of the English department auth-
ors the Scattergood Baines radio
show you hear over Columbia... in
his spare time he writes short stories,
one of which always seems to appear
in O'Brien's Best . . . a colleague,
Carlton Wells, once was State Ama-
teur Golf Champion . . . and won
a prize for naming a theatre which
was to be built across from the end
of the campus near Drake's . . . that
was the site of the old Arcade, which
burned down in this city's biggest
blaze in many moons . . . Wells' sug-
gestion, if correctly recalled was "The
Campus," which won $50 despite its
Dean of Men Joseph Bursley re-
putedly whispered an aside during
the dignified march to Commence-
ment . . . clad in cap and gown he
looked longingly at an acquaintance
casually perched on the curb and
announced a fervent desire to be
sitting there instead of marching . .
Vera Brown, she of the syndicated
novels, sob-stories and "Vera Brown
Down the Amazon" fame (all for
Hearst and the Detroit Times) came
over to cover commencement .
last time we saw her in town was
when the "Times" decided Commun-
ism was running rampant on the cam-
pus and printed an expose of RED
PROFESSORS . . . her reception
nowadays is a trifle chilly but, irre-
pressible, she doesn't mind . . . the
Commencement assignment brought
forth from -her a story that Dean
Bates always considered Frank Mur-
phy one of his most apt pupils . .
Carl Petersen, Daily editor for next
year, is happy again-he's off for
Denmark .'. . his loyalty to Denmark
is terrific . . . the night of the elec-
tions there he almost pulled the Daily
teletype from its moorings while wait-
ing to learn whether the Nazis gained
representation in the legislature:.
TUESDAY, JUNE 27, 1939
VOL. XLIX. No. 2
Copy received at the o..ce of the
Summer Session until 3:30; 11 a.m.
Professor Heber D. Curtis will lec-
ture in the Lecture Hall of the Rack-
ham Building today at 5 o'clock on
the subject "Recent Studies of the
Sun." The lecture will be illustrated
with motion pictures and will be open
to the general public.
Phi Delta Kappa. The first of a
series of weekly luncheons will be
held at the Michigan Union To-
day, June 27 at 12:10 p.m. Guests
are invited. All members are asked
to register at the School of Educa-
tion in order that a directory of
those here for the summer may be
Deutsches Haus: There will be a
meeting of the German Club To-
night, 7:30 at the German House,
1315 :Hill Street. Election-of officers
and planning of summer program.
Everbody interested in speaking Ger-
man is cordially invited to attend.
Political Science 256s, The or-
ganization meeting will be held in
Room 2032 Angell Hall Today,
June 27, at 4 p.m.
Paul W. A. Linebarger.
L.S.&A. Juniors now eligible for
concentration should get Admission
to Concentration blanks at Room 4,
University Hall, immediately. These
blanks must be properly signed by
the adviser and the white form re-
turned at onec to Room 4, U. H.
Robt. L. Williams
Women's Physical Education class-
es' start on Monday and Tuesday,
June26 and 27. If you are registered
in badminton, riding, modern dance,
tap dancing or beginning swimming,
meet at Barbour Gymasium. If you
are signed up for golf, tennis or arch-
ery, meet at the Women's Athletic
Building. Be sure to get a medical
check at the Health Service before
you join the class.
Any one wishing to register for
classes may still do so at Barbour
French Table: Places are still avail-
able for both lunch and dinner at
the Foyer Francais, 1414 Washte-
naw. Call Miss McMullan, 2-2547.
Cercle Francais. Students desiring
to join the Cerele Francais are re-
quested to consult with Professor
Jobin, Room 200 RL. Hours: Mon-
day, 9-12; 2-5. Tuesday: 9-11; 4-5.
English 297: Students in my sec-
tion of English 297 will meet in
Room 3216 Angell Hall, Tuesday at
E. A. Walter
Students who were planning to
elect Oriental Languages 106 please
see the instructor in 2021 A. H.
American Student Union summer
organization committee will meet to-
day at 3 p.m: in the League. All those
the work of the ASU this summer
interested in active participation in
are urged to attend.
The Michigan Dames invites the
wives of all Univesity students to
attend a tea on -Wednesday after-
noon, June 28, from three to five
o'clock, in the garden of the Michi-
gan League. In case of rain, it will
be held indoors at the League.
Seminar in Statistics, Mathematics
327. Preliminary meeting to arrange
hours, Wednesday, at 12 noon, in
3020 A. H. C. C. Craag
Seminar in Probability: All those
interested in such a - seminar please
meet at the Statistics Seminar meet-
ing, Wednesday, at 12 .noon, in 320
A.sH. T. N.E.tGrevl
Pi Lambda Theta tea Wednesday
afternoon, June 28, at 5 o'clock in
the Assembly Room of the Horace
H. Rackham School of Graduate
Studies. The tea will be followed
by a short business meeting.
Ed. D-220's will meet in Room
2216 A.H. Wednesday, June 28
5 p.m. for organization purposes.
M L. 1Wiltliams.
Householders who may be willing
to rent rooms to high school teachers
in attendance at the Institute for
Teachers of Journalism, June 28 to
July 1, will please notify J. L.
Brumm, 213 Haven Hall (Phone,
University Extension 485), between
8:30 and 10 a.m., at their earliest
J. L. Brunzm.
German House: Meals are being
served for men and women inte-
ested in conversing German under
direction of faculty members and
graduate students at the German
House. Call at the office of the Ger-
man Department, 204 U.H. to maie
Excursion Number 1, Thursday,
June 29, 2 p.m. Tour of the Cam-
pus. Group meets in the lobby of
Angell Hall, inspects the General
Library, Clements Library of Farly
American History, Cook Legal -
search Library, Michigan Uq-
Burton Memorial Tower, Aeronauti-
cal Laboratory, Naval Tank, ' and
other pointsof interest. Explana-
tory talks will be given by those In
charge. Trip ends at 4:45 p.m.
There is no charge for this excur-
Health Service Dental Care: For
the first time the Health Service Is
prepared to render some dental at-
tention to Summer School students.
For such an appointment, it will be
necessary to come in the forenoo
Warren E. Forsythe, MD.
Director, Health Service.
The University Health Service of-
fers to summer school students the
facilities of an allergic or sensitiza-
tion study. Sensitization testing Is
a modern medical procedure, usually
expensive to obtain.
The sensitization test is advisable
for those who at any time have had
the following symptoms: sneezing
and discharging nose, asthma, ut-
caria (hives), eczema, gastro-intes-
tinal upsets, headaches, migraine,
frequent colds, and food idiosyncra-
sies. It is also recommended for one
in whose family any of the above
symptoms' have existed.
Those wishing the tests may call
the Health Service (2-3248) for ap-
B. Jimenez, M.D.
Registration: I would like to see all
the students who wish to register
with the Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information; also
all those who have registered pre-
viously and are back this summer.
Rackham B u i l d i n g Auditorium,
Thursday evening, July 6. at 7.
T. Luther Purdom, Director.
International Center: The Interna-
tional Center will be open through
the Summer Session from 8 a.mn. to
9 -p.m. daily except on Saturday,
when it will close at noon, and on
Sunday, when it will remain closed
till 7 o'clock in the evening. Foreign
students in the Summer Session, and
members of the various institutes in-
terested in the international groups
are cordially invited to use the Cen-
ter. Its facilities are entirely free.
The entrance is on Madison Street
just off State.
J. Raleigh Nelson.
Candidates already registered in
the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion should report during the first
week. of Summer Session their class
schedules, present addresses and. any
additional information for their rec-
ords. All such data and location
blanks should be filed in the Bureau
before July 5 in order to have rec-
ords ready for use in making recom-
mendations for 1939-40 placement.
Dates for registration of new candi-
dates will be announced later.
Office hours: 9-12 a.m.; 2-4 p.m.
201 MasQn Hall.
University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Infor-
Hunger has recently driven large numbers of
wolves across the border from Russia into Fin-
nish Lapland. When the Laps and far-northern
Finns found it impossible to protect their domes-
tic animals and herds of reindeer from constant
attack by these stealthy marauders, the Finnish
Government sent army sharp-shooters in air-.
planes to kill off the wolves.
-Finalandia News Service
indications of sabotage. Until a final decision in
that investigation is reached, however, the im-
portance of those three disasters in world affairs
remains undefined. - -farl Kessler
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1:15 Life Dr. Susan Tyson Interview Grimm's Daughter Organist
1:30 Your Family Kitty Keene Valiant Lady Melody Time
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4:30 " Feature Affairs of Anthony
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Schoo of Education staff luncheon (Room 316, Uunion).
Phi Delta Kappa luncheon (Room 319, Union).
School of Education staff luncheon (Room 316, Union).
Latin-America Institute staff luncheon (Founders' Room, Union).
Far Eastern Institute staff luncheon (Room 101, Union).
"Backgrounds of the American School System," lecture by Prof. Calvin
0. Davis of the School of Education (Auditorium of University High
Edw. G. Robinson
We, the People
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