THE I MICTTTTAN DAILY
. :' i -ii .'" 1 1 1 A 11 i V L-a i " . .r ra .a s+ a. v.
Cultural Patterns In South America
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By JACK CANAVAN
Is the blending of racial and cultural patterns
in South America the making of a new race,
adapting itself to the environment of the tropics?
This is a question for anthropologists to ponder,
Prof. John P. Gillin, of Ohio State University,
declared yesterday in a lecture entitled "An An-
thropologist Visits The Carib Indians of Northern
It is possible, he said, that such a race might
transform the jungles of South America into
one of the most powerful commercial and politi-
cal regions in the world.
Evidence of numerous crossings of Old World
European and North American cultures with the
primitive cultures of the aboriginal Indians was
presented by Professor Gillin in the course of his
talk which he illustrated with slides. He pic-
tured the aboriginals in their native haunts from
the Caribs in British Guiana up the Amazon to
the relics of the Ancient Incan civilization in the
plateaus of the Andes.
From a cultural point of view, South America
is still largely a "frontier land," Professor Gillin
declared. , Three predominant cultures mergd
there: the aboriginal Indian, the African Negro
and the European white. In all nearly a thous-
and dialects are spoken.
Professor Gillin devoted the major part of his
lecture to the habits and customs of the approxi-
mately one million aboriginals who still follow
their primitive mode of life in the jungle forest.
But the Negro influence has been underesti-
mated by most observers, he pointed out. The
"bush niggers," descendants of escaped slaves,
Of Kobo Daishi
W. Buchen . . . . . Business Manager
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NIGHT EDITOR: KARL KESSLER
The editorials published in The Michigan
)aily are written by members of the Daily
taff and represent the views of the
W HILE WE ARE sweltering away in
Ann Arbor's best example of how hot
an be, little thought is given to the future.
ver, little more than two weeks are remain-
f the Summer Session and then only a few
arge majority of the summer students come'
e University from other schools to get some
al course not obtainable at their own Alma
By HARRY M. KELSEY
The life and philosophy of the man who was"
largely responsible for the establishment of an
imported faith as the national church of Japan,
Kobo Daishi, was reviewed and discussed yester-
day by Dr. Shio Sakanishi of the Department of
Orientalia in the Library of Congress, Washing-
Dr. Sakanishi's lecture was sponsored by the
Institute of Far Eastern Studies and was the first
of a series of three on Japan's religious leaders.
She will speak again today at 4 p.m. in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre, this time on "Honen Shonin:
Salvation for the Masses."
Kobo Daishi, otherwise known as Kukai, was,
the founder of the Shingon sect of Buddhism,
Dr. Sakanishi told her audience. Followers of
this sect, she maintained, believed that all is one
and one is all, that all things are identified with
each other and with the one, and this one is
always associated with the Buddha Dainichi
Nyorai. They believed, she asserted; that one
being takes many shapes, and the shapes are
different, but the essence is one.
Kukai was born in the year 774 and was edu-
cated in the Chinese classics, Dr. Sakanishi said.
At the age of 15 he made a vow to find one doc-
trine including and transcending all others, be-
lieving that there is and must be one truth; wish-
ing to visit China, he finally attained this end by
being sent to the Chinese court in 804 in the
train of the Japanese ambassador, she explained.
There, according to the lecturer, he studied all
the sects he came in contact with and sought'
out the religious masters of.the time, returning
In his own country he found the religious situ-
ation upsetting because of the conflict in beliefs,
and set out'to travel through the country, and
in the midst of his wanderings founded, his own
monastery, the legend of which Dr. Sakanishi
told. There he taught a few of his disciples,
wrote on his theories and made one or two trips
to the capital, dying in 835, asking his followers
to serve Buddha, be loyal to the Emperor and
serve' the court.
Before the teachings of Kukai became wide-
spread, Dr. Sakanishi maintained, there was a
period of transition from the old beliefs into the
new. There was a confusion of Shintoism, Con-
fucianism and Buddhism which, she asserted,
often appeared in the same ceremony or religious
exhibit a culture primarily West African in pat-
The European culture, he said, consists of sev-
eral sub-cultures. Notably Iberian at first, it
verged into Northern European and American
after the liberation of the South American col-
onies from Spain.
There is a distinction, however, between the
formal outlines of cultures and the actual habits
of the people, Professor Gillin warned. For
example there are many "democracies" inrSouth
America with constitutions modeled after that
of the United States. Yet most of these countries
are democracies in name only.
This winter has been marked down in theatri-
cal history by the banding together of five lead-
ing American playwrights under the name "The
Playwrights' Company." In this group appear
the familiar names of Elmer Rice, Maxwell An-
derson, Robert Sherwood, .S. N. Behrman and
Of the better known of these is Elmer Rice,
whose "Judgment Day" opens here tonight. His
prize-winning "Street Scene" and his "Counsel-
lor-at-Law" have made him among the best
known native playwrights.
Born Elmer Reizenstein in New York, 1892, he
headed for law. After going to night law school
and receiving his L.L.B. cum laude, he resigned
from a law ,office to write plays. Defying all
Broadway tradition, his first was an amazing suc-
cess. He wrote "On Trial" and sent it out to two
producers and within two days, they both accept-
ed it. It was produced in 1914, one of the first
plays not by an accepted author.
In 1921 his "Wake-up Jonathan" was produced,
followed by "The Adding Machine" in '23. An
expressionistic play about the average man in
the machine age, the characters were known only
as numbers. "Close Harmony" in collaboration
with Dorothy Parker and "Cock Robin," a mys-
tery, done with Philip Barry, cover up to 1928.
In 1929, Rice's greatest success, his "Street
Scene," won the Pulitzer Prize for the year's best
play. On a background of New York tenement
life, Rice combined every phase of human exis-
tence into a sort of symphonic effect.
"Counsellor-at-Law" his first character study
was produced in 1929 with Paul Muni in the
lead role. In '34 his wife bought the Belasco
Theatre and he began producing and directing
his own plays.
His contributions to the theatre have been
mainly on the thoughtful side. Recently he has
turned tot he current happenings for back-
grounds for his plays.
"Judgment Day" and "Between Two Worlds,"
two of his more recent dramas, caused such bitter
controversy that he retired and vowed never to
return to the theatrical field. However, he be-
came so interested in the theatrical "cooperative
movement" which appeals to him both as from
the art angle as well as from the businkss side,
that he came out of his retirement to become a
member of the Playwrights' Company.
Their first production was Robert Sherwood's
Pulitzer Prize winning "Abe Lincoln in Illinois"
which Rice himself directed. Next came Max-
well Anderson's "Knickerbocker Holiday" which
was followed by Rice's "American Landscape."
Recently in conjunction with Katherine Cornell
and her husband, Guthrie McClintic, they have
produced S. N. Behrman's "No TimeFor Comedy"
starring Miss Cornell.
A violent critic-baiter, Rice, following "Judg-
ment Day," called them "nitwits,.drunkards, and
degenerates." He is very popular abroad, espec-
ially in France, Germany, and England, with
"Judgment Day" scoring a heavy success in Lon-
don this past year. Andre Maurois, noted French
writer, advises: "Read Eugene O'Neill and Elmer
The nearest thing to American art in the
theatre, Rice has a special talent for salty dia-
logue which comes in especially handy for clinch-
ing a scene or a character.
Rice says "If the theatre is anything it is an
arena for the clash of wills and the parade of
passion . . . What interest me most in the
theatre, as in life, is the struggle of humanity
to liberate itself."
Rice dramas which have recently been seen in
Ann Arbor have been "Counsellor-at-Law," which
was done last October by Play Production, and
"American Landscape," which was presented as
the second offering of the spring Drama Season.
The straw hat for coolness idea is based on
actual fact. Temperatures, taken when the street
was 97 degrees Fahrenheit, showed the inside of
a panama hat to be only 77 degrees.
'own & Gown
By STAN M. SWINTON
In the morning mail:
Ann Arbor was a lovely town, 1
Some twenty years ago,1
When I, with stylish long, tight
Went "tripping" to and fro.
And now an old maid schoolmani,
I come to summer school.
I s'pose I should't give a 'damn.'
Perhaps I am a fool!
But certain things annoy me
In this collegiate town,
So for you other folks to see,
I guess I'll write them down.
I'm used to asking questions,
So I'll write them just that way.
And if you've fine suggestions,
I wish you'd have your say.
Just why do people throw
Upon the lawns and street,
Papers and bags and cartons?
It sure looks far from neat.
Why not on the campus
And on some corners too
Have something in which to drop
You'd only need a few.
They needn't be bad looking,
But small and painted green.
With a simple neat inscription:
"Let's keep our city clean!"
Why aren't there some street-
Not once in five whole weeks
Have the streets around my dwell-
Been blessed with any sweeps.
In the wonderful main library,
In the first floor study hall,
The lights, at night, are high and
I cannot see at all.
The windows in the high school,
May be O.K. for spring and fall.
But in the good old summer time,
There's just no air at all
These wretched 'eating places,'
WitIh kitchen in full view!
Milk bottle-'stead of pitcher!
Great clatter of dishes too!
Oh, for a quiet restful place
Where food is not too dear,
And things are served with a kind
'Tis too much to ask, I fear.
And why is the lovely grass
Allowed to turn so brown?
To dry and die, on the campus,
And the small front yards in town?
Why never on the porch
Does the clever "Daily" land?
But on the steps or on the walk,
So it's full of rain or sand!
But I could keep on raving,
I'm afraid I am a bore.
But please do answer these ques-
1 won't send any more!
WJR WWJ WXYZ CKLW
750 KC - CBS 920 KC - NBC Red 1240 KC - NBC Blue 1030 KC - Mutual
12 :00 Goldbergs Julia Blake Noonday News News
12:15 Life Beautiful Recordings Farm Advance Turf Reporter
12:30 Road of Life tradcast Golden Store Luncheon Dance
12:45 Day Is Ours Field Day Fan on the Street Songs
1:00 Ed McConnell Vera Richardson Betty and Bob Freddy Nagel
1:15 Life of Dr Susan Comic Strip Grimns Daughter Scrapbook Stories
1:30 Your Family Kitty Keene Valiant Lady Holly'd Whispers
1:45 Leon Goldman Humane Society Betty Crocker Great Britain
2:00 Linda's Love Mary Marlin Swingtime Trio Romances
2:15 Ed's Daughter Detroit-New York Popular Waltzes Organ
2:30 Drl Malone " 11 Henry Cincone
2:45 Mrs. Page " Amanda Snow News
3:00 Keyboard Capers " Club Matinee Voice of Justice
3:15 U. of M. Program
3:30 .. " " Songs
3:45 Duncan Moore " News To be announced
4:00 Brevities " Charles Barnett Jamboree
4:15 Melody-Rhythm Ma Perkins
4:30 " Pepper Young Affairs of Anthony
4:45 Alice Blair Guilding Light Dance Music Tommy Tucker
5:00 Miss Julia Art In News Holly'd Highlights "
5:15 Eton Boys Malcolm Claire Jimmy Dorsey Tur Reporter
5:30 Uncle Jonathan Norman Cloutier Day in Review Baseball Scores
5:45 Tomy Talks Lowell Thomas Harry Heilmann News
6:15 Inside of Sports
6:30 People's Platform
7:00 Honolulu Bound
7:30 Paul Whiteman
8:30 Stadium Concert
10:00 Amo 'n' Andy
10:15 Count Basie
10:45 Shep Fields
11 :45 Frankie Masters
12:00 Sign Off
On Mans Family
What's My Name
Vic and Sade
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the University.
Copy received at the office of the Summer Session until 3:30 p.m.; 11:00 a.m. Saturday.,
Well, why not? Why not come back here in
ie fall? The regular University session offers
much and more than the Summer Session. It
fers the Choral Union series of concerts bring-
g artists from far and near to the Hill Audi-
rium stage. Genius has been displayed in the
ast by Rachmaninof, Kriesler, Flagstad, Ander-
n, the Boston Symphony and many others. And
ds bountiful musical calendar ends in gala form
ith the four-day May Festival.
The Oratorical Association lecture 'series offers
any fine speakers from all over the world-
avelers, scientists, explorers, deep sea divers,
ewspaper men. Play Production puts on a num-
r of fine dramatic performances. The Drama-
c Season gives to the student audience stars-
om the New York stage.
On the social and extra curricular side are the
ass balls, the Intrafraternity Sing, Lantern
ght, Michigras-the Mardi Gras of Ann Arbor,
)ring Parley, class elections, Student Senate,
otball games, basketball games, fraternity and
rority rushing and many others. .
Not to be. forgotten are the more than 1,000
culty members who do their best to give the
idents a well-rounded education.
Not for nothing is the University remembered
thousands of alumni as furnishing, some of
e happiest days of their lives. Few other places
ve so much to offer, all crowded into eight
>nths of well-rounded educational and extra-
I -Ethel Q. Norberg
Stop and G0
Voice of Justice
Axis Vs Alliance
Back from a busman's vacation in England and
France, Walter Lippmann has written on the
state of Europe. He speaks guardedly, as usual.
But he makes one explicit statement which con-
firms the impression of diligent readers of the
news. "The axis does not now have the power
to impose its will."
As to which is the stronger militarily, the axis
or the British-French alliance, no opinion is ven-
tured. The consensus seems to be that neither
possesses a decisive superiority. If war should
come, it is a question which would win.
-St. Louis Post-Dispatch
,- G. M.
Why not grab your courage in both
hands and announce a plain
There ought to be some takers.
Unified Foreign Policy
The almost unanimous approval
which the country has given the ad-
ministration's denunciation of the
Japanese commercial treaty is the
most encouraging sign in recent years
that the perilous international situa-
tion will lead us to develop a logical
and coherent American foreign
Public opinion, as well as Congress
has been sharply divided since Presi-
dent Roosevelt made his historic
Chicago speech declaring that peace
could be maintained, for this country
as well as others, only by united ac-
tion to halt aggression. The bitter
fight between the administration
and the senate isolationists over the
neutrality bill was the climax of a
thoroughly unhealthy and dangerous
Out of this battle, the Nazi-Fascist
powers gained encouragement which
they were not slow to express through
Roosevelt-baiting campaigns in their
newspapers. The President was not
followed by the country, they sarcas-
tically declared; his policy was re-
pudiated even in foreign affairs.
The effect is not so powerful- as it
would have been had the treaty de-
nunciation been preceded by adoption
of the administration neutrality bill.
But it is a step, and a long one, to-
ward the unity of spirit in foreign af-
fairs which is, of all elements, per-
haps the most important in guarding
both our peace and our security.
St. Louis Star-Times.
WEDNESDAY, AUG. 2, 1939
Art Exhibit: WPA and loan exhibi-
tion by WPA artists now on at the'
galleries in the Rackhakn Building.
Paintings, lithographs, etchings, and
sculpture by Michigan artists. Hours
10-12 a.m., 1-5 and 7-9 p.m. Exhibit
lasts through Aug. 12.
Teacher's Certificate Candidates:
Any students in the School of Educa-
tion, College of, Literature, Science,
and the Arts, College of Architecture,
and Graduate School who wish to be
candidates for the teacher's certifi-
cate at the close of the Summer
Session and whose named do not ap-
pear on the list posted in 1431 U.E.S.
should report to the Recorder of the
School of Education, 1437 U.E.S.,at
Publie Health Nursing Certificate:
Students who wish to be candidates
for the Public Health Trsing Cer-
tificate at the close ofi the Summer
Session and whose names do not ap-
pear on the list posted in 1431 U.E.S."
should reporte to the Recorder of
the School of Education, 1437 U.E.S.
Excursion No. 10: Put-In-Bay Trip
to 'a beautiful island in Lake Erie. A
steamer ride of 125 miles, visit to
several caves on the island, Perry's
monument, and other points of geol-
ogic and scenic interest. A member
of the Department of Geology will
accompany the group as lecturer.
Special bus to boat dock leaves An-
gell Hall promptly at 7:30 a.m. and
returns to Ann Arbor at 9:30 p.m.,
today, Wednesday, Aug. 2.
Michigan Dames: Wives of students
are invited to attend the weekly
bridge party at the Michigan League
today at 2 o'clock.
Engineering Mechanics Colloquium.
Professor R. K. Bernhard, Head of
the Department of Mechanics and
Materials at the Pennsylvania State
College, will speak on "induced Vi-
brations in the Structural Field" this
afternoon at 3 p.m. in Room
311 West Engineering Bldg. The
talk will be illustrated with moving
pictures. All interested are cordially
invited to attend.
An assembly of all professional stu-
dents in public health will be held
this afternoon at 3 p.m. in the
West Amphitheatre, West Medical
Bldg. All students are expected to be
Speech Students: A Symposium on
Graduate Studies in the field of
Speech Science will be held this
afternoon, 'August 2, at 4 p.m. in
Room 1025 Angell Hall. All under-
The Coolest Dining Room in Town!
. . . So our Patrons say
417 E. Huron St. Free Parking
graduate students contemplating ad-
vanced degrees in Speech Science and
all graduate students studying for
advanced degrees in this field, should
G. E. Densmore.
Renaissance Luncheon: Prof. Nor-
man E. Nelson of the English Dept.
will speak at the regular weekly lun-
cheon of' the Graduate Conference
on Renaissance Studies, to be held to-
day at 12:15 in the Michigan Union.
Lecture on "The Ulysses Motive in
Japanese Romances." by Dr. Shio
Sakanishi, Division of Orientalia, Li-
brary of Congress, at 4 p.m. today
in the Amphitheatre of the Rackham
Lecture on "The Improvement of
Adult Reading" by Irving H. Ander-
son, Instructor in Educational Psy-
chology, Harvard University, to be
held today at 4:05 p.m. in the Univer-
sity High School Auditorium.
Lecture on "Inheritance" by Pro-
fessor Walter B. Pillsbury at 5 p.m.
today in the Rackham Building.
Men's Education Club Meeting.
Coach H. 0. Crisler will be the guest
speaker at the Men's Education Club,
meeting to be held at the Michigan
Union at 7:15 p.m. Wednesday, Aug.
2. All faculty members and men
students of the school of education
are invited to attend.
Lecture, "Hiatus-bridging Conson-
ants in India" by Professor Franklin
Edgerton, Linguistic Institute, 'to-
day at 7:30 p.m. in the Amphitheatre,
Intermediate Dancing Class will be
held in the Michigan Union Ballroom
at 7:30 p.m. today.
"Retrenchment in Education" will
be the subject of a public lecture by
Arthur Elder, National Vice-P'-esi-
dent of the American Federation of
Teachers in the Michigan Union,
Wednesday (today) Aug. 2, at 8 p.m.
Pi Lambda Thetans: There will be
a formal reception in the Rackham
(Continued on Page 3)
I - - - -
e Faces A Crisis
Justice James Proctor's decision Wednesday
uashing indictments against the American Med-
al Association will have one definite bearing
pon the future course of events.
It will continue to emphasize the battle for
Introl of the medical profession. For Thurman
mold's anti-trust division will undoubtedly ap-
eal the ruling to the supreme court; the AMA
ill carry its defense, bolstered now by the dis-
ict court victory, to new heights.
Primarily, of course, the conflict arises within
e medical profession itself. But it extends, in
timate effect, far beyond the profession's con-
nes. Outcome of the dispute will indicate the
urse American medicine will pursue during the
Both the AMA and the socialized medicine
'oup have strong arguments in their favor. The
MA strives to protect the position of the private
nysician, who depends upon the number of
ttients for his income; it seeks to prevent regi-
entation in the medical profession. It fears
cialized medicine will mean the profession will
Excursion 'to Put-In-Bay.
Physics Symposium, Prof.
Gerhard Herzberg of the University of
Saskatchewan (Room 2038 East Physics Building).
Physics Symposium, Professor G. B. B. M. Sutherland of Cambridge,
England (Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
Physics Symposium, Prof. Enrico Fermi of Columbia University
(Amphitheatre, Rackham Building).
"The Ulysses Motive in Japanese Romances" by Dr. Shio Sakanishi,
Division of Orientalia, Library of Congress (Amphitheatre, Rack-
"Honen Shonin: Salvation for the Masses" by Dr. Shio Sakanishi,
"The Improvement of Adult Reading" by Mr. Irving H. Anderson,
Harvard University (University High School Auditorium).
"Inheritance" by Prof. Walter B. Pillsbury, psychology department
(Tr r '-Tall P a -a iillia
Lst Times Today --
A GRAND SHOW!
"LI 4 3J4E= U~fM4@dE= IEbda M 3)MEsan EOte I