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July 28, 1939 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1939-07-28

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Official Publication Of The Summer Session

:43 at t

A Diplomnatic
Jig-Saw Puzzle.



Nationa1 Meet
Begun Today
By Linguists
American Linguistic Group
Drawn To Ann Arbor
By Summer Institute
Conference Second
In Society's History
Attracted by the presence of the
Linguistic Institue, members of the
Linguistic Societti of America will
gather in Ann Arbor today for a two-
day special summer meeting, the sec-
ond in the history of the society.
Despite their! nominal connection
with 'departments of anthropology,
modern languages, classical languages,
and similar fields, members of the
Linguistic Society have, for the past
15 years, found i#i it a focal point for
centering their major interest in
various problems which are essential-
ly linguistic. Those interests are well
reflected in thetvariegated program
which the Society offers today and
Prof. E. H. Sturtevant of Yale Uni-
versity, a founder of the society, will
preside over the first session, which
will be at 2 p.m. in the amphitheatre
of the Rackham building. Following
the address of welcome by Prof. Louis
A. Hopkins, director of the Summer
Session, five papers will be presented.
These papers are as follows: "The
Nomenclature of Levels of Speech,"
by Prof. L. L. Rockwell, director of
the school of languages at Colgate
versity; The Number of North
American Indian Languages Actually
Spoken Today," by Prof. Charles F.
Voeglin of the department of anthro-
pology of De Pauw University; "Men's
and Women's Speech in Koasati," by
Dr. Mary R. Haas'of the Institute of
Human Relations, Yale University;
"Tonemic Disturbance in the Mixteco
Song, 'The Flea,"' by Mr. Kenneth L.
Pike of the Summer Institute of
Linguistics, Siloam Springs, Ark.;
and "The Stop Phonemes of Ojibwa,"
by Dr. Charles Ho'kett of Worthing-
ton, Ohio.
After an informal dinner at 6 p.m.
at the Michigan Union, the society
will reconvene at 8 p.m. at the Rack-
ham building for the second session,
over which the Society's president,
Professor Charles C. Fries of the
University, will preside.
Two invitation lectures constitute
the evening program. The first,will
(Continued on Page 3)
Pan -America
To Be Reeves'
Subject Today
World Authority Lectures
Under Sponsorship Of
Latin American Group
Prof. Jesse S. Reeves of the politi-
cal science department will discuss
'ThesNext Step in Pan-Americanism"
at 5 p.m. today in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. This lecture, one of the
regular Summer Session afternoon
series, is sponsored by the Institute
of Latin-American Studies.
The organization and work of the
Pan-American Union, with the rela-
tion of recent international develop-
ments, will be the main subject of the
lecture. Professor Reeves, a world
authority on international law, is
well acquainted with- the field and

was a delegate to a;special meeting
of the Commission of Jurists at Rio
de Janeiro in' 1927.
Professor Reeves, who has served
on the faculty since 1910, has lec-
tured and studied in the field of in-
ternational relations during a large
part of his career. A graduate of
Amherst College, he was a lecturer
at the Academy of International Law
held at the Hague in 1929 and was
technical adviser to the American
delegation to the Hague Conference
for the Codification of International
Laws in 1930.

JapanOpen To New Treat

As U .S. Hints

Tariff Ris

Britain Stiffens Attitu~d

English HeartenedBy U.S.I

Warns Japanese

Action; Declare
Must Keep Pact's



Soviet Assistance
Believed Imminent
LONDON, July 27.-(AP)-Encour-
aged by the United States' renuncia-
tion of the American-Japanese Trade
Treaty, Great Britain was reported
tonight to be considering stronger
measures to protect her rights in the
Far East unless Japan observed the
spirit as well as the letters of the new
British-Japanese agreement.
Other factors influencing Britain
toward a firmer attitude included:
1. The reported progress in the ne-
gotiations in Moscow for a British-
French-Soviet Russian Mutual As-
sistance Pact.
2. Continuance of the anti-British
campaign in Japanese-controlled ar-
eas of China.
3. Unfavorable reaction to the
British - Japanese agreement an-
nounced Monday in which Britain
recognized that "Japanese forces in
China have special requirements."
Some quarters said they saw a pos-
sibility that the Government might
follow the United States lead and re-
nounce the 1911 British-Japanese
Trade Treaty-but official circles said
that was not likely for the present.
Attempt Parleys
One official said the Government
wanted to try first to settle the diffi-
culties by talks now going on in
If these talks failed or if the Ja-
panese continued their anti-British
campaign, it was said this policy
might be scrapped and the Govern-
ment then reconsider its plans for
economic reprisals.
Hopes in Government circles that
a British-French-Russian pact was
nearing conclusion increased the feel-
ing that European tension would con-
tinue to ease and Britain would be
freer to act in the Orient.
Reports Confirmed
Sources close to the Government
confirmed reports that British and
French military missions would leave
for Moscow shortly for staff talks
with Soviet commanders.
Prime Minister Chamberlain mean-
while definitely rejected demands to
keep Parliament in session but prom-
ised he would call a special session
"if the Government contemplate some
important departure in foreign pol-
Responsible German quarters in'
Berlin said they believed "a highly
political motive" was behind the
Washington move and while news-
papers refrained from comment their
headlines gave an indication of their

Tokyo Warned American
Rights Must Be Safe
Before New Pact Talk
Japs Resent 'Abrupt'
Tone Of U.S. Action
WASHINGTON, July 27.-(IP)-
Administration officials talked of
raising duties on some Japanese pro-
ducts today and indicated Japan
would have to show increased re-
gard for American rights in China if
she wanted a new commercial treaty
with this country.
Secretary of State Hull and his ad-
visors carefully studied reaction in
Tokyo to this Government's notice
TOKYO, Juy 28.-(Friday)--(P
-The Japanese Foreign Office
announced today Japan's willing-
ness to conclude a new trade
treaty with the United States but
questioned "the hasty and abrupt
manner" in which Washington re-
nounced the 1911 accord.
The Foreign Office spokesman
earlier had declared "Japan cer-
tainly will take retaliatory meas-
ures if there is discrimination by
America" after expiration of the
six-month period required to
terminate the treaty.
Announcement of willingness to
conclude a new treaty indicated
the Foreign Office's belief Wash-
ington's action was a political ges-
ture connected with the British-
Japanese negotiations on the Ti-

Garner Cheered,
In House After
Lewis's Attack
C IOLeader Denounces
Vice-President; Vote OfI
Resentment Is Adopted
WASHINGTON, July 27. --(.P)-
Vice-President Garner won a tumul-
tuous ovation from the Hou~se late
today a few hours after hehad been
denounced before a Congressional
Committee by oJhn L. Lewis, CIO
leader, as "a labor-baiting, poker-i
playing, whiskey-drinking evil old<
Cheers, "rebel yells," and prolonged1
applause rolled through the chamber
as the House membership, except for
a handful of Democrats, stood for.
two minutes in approbation of the
Texas delegation's expression of "deep
resentment and indignation at this
unwarranted and unjustified attack"
on Garner's private and public life.
"The Texas delegation has com-
plete confidence in his honesty, in-
tegrity and ability," said a statement
read to the House by Rep. Luther A.1
Johnson (Dem.-Tex.).
Lewis' sensational outburst against{
the Vice-President occurred near the
close of his testimony before thel
House labor committee in oppoistion
to any changes at this session in the
wage-hour law.
He flatly accused Garner of re-
sponsibility for what he called the
recent campaign against labor in the
House of Representatives, asserting,
"Garner's knife is searching, search-
ing for the quivering, pulsating heart
of labor.",
Final Virus Lecture1
To Be Given Today

July 27.-(A)-What appeared to be
snows piled over millions of square
miles in Mars' northern hemisphere
before they melted completely in two
days were reported tonight by an
American astronomer as the planet
came nearest the earth since 1924.
Earl C. Slipher, of Lowell Observa-
tory, Flagstaff, Ariz., who has made
a closer study of Mars than any other
scientist, reported the phenomenon
after taking two close-ups of the
earth's neighbor.
Slipher, brother of the Lowell Ob-
servatory's director, Dr. Vesto M.
Slipher, is at the University of Michi-
gan's observatory in the Southern
Hemisphere for the best view of the
He disclosed that a snowstorm,
Barnard To Render
Organ Recital Today
William Barnard, organist, of
Shawboro, North Carolina, will give
a recital in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for zhe Bachelor of
Music degree at 8:15 p.m. today in
Hill Auditorium. He is a student of

gigantic in size, covered an area on
Mars last weekend comparable to
the territory from the earth's North
Pole to the United States-Canadian
In the Martian northern hemi-
sphere, now entering its winter sea-
son, the apparent snowfield spread
in a tongue-shaped direction to 70
degrees latitude bordering the area
known as Tempe.
Two days later observation failed
to locate any snow whatever, and the
whole icecap had melted, leaving a
bluish-white haze to mark the region
where the snow had been.
This visit has drawn astroinomical
observers' concentrated attention, al-
though Mars "will move away from
the earth so slowly that it will make
little difference to an astronomer for
some time.
Palmer Christian, University organ-
Mr. Barnard has prepared the fol-
lowing program:
Fantasia and Fugue in G minor ...
.............................B ach
Two Choral-Preludes..........Bach
a) Das alte Jahr vergangen ist
b) In Dulci Jubilo
Chorale in B minor........Franck

Heller Recalled
From Religious
Parleys Here
Returns To Cincinnati
Before Final Session Of
Today's Conference
A sudden call from his constituency
in Cincinnati will prevent Rabbi
James Heller from continuing his
participation in the Religious Con-
ference as sessions in the fifth annual
summer program are concluded to-
Rabbi Heller gave his scheduled
talk on "Palestine" yesterday, re-
placing the seminar on "How Shall+
We Educate Adults In Religion?"3
which will be held at 9 a.m. today.
Mr. J. Burt Bouwman, executive
secretary of the Michigan Council
of Churches, will lead the discussion,
assisted by the Rev. Wanzer H. Bru-.
melle of Buchanan.
There will be no luncheon today, as
originally planned, or meeting at 3'
p.m. Prof. Henry Martin Batten-
house of Albion College will speak
at 2 p.m. in Alumni Memorial Hall
on '"Jesus' Social Ideal," and at 4
p.m. a seminar on "Religion and
Mental Hygiene" will be held. Prof.
Theophile Raphael of the Health
Service, Dr. D. W. Morris, -supervisor
of clinical training of theological
students of the University Hospital,
and others will lead the discussion.
Appreciation to the University for
permitting visiting ministers in the
conference to audit certain of its
coursese in the morning was expressed
by the Rev. Gordon Speer of Ypsilan-
ti at a dinner held last night in the
League. Prof. Leroy Waterman,,
chairman of the department of Ori-
ental Languages, presided at the din-
ner, which was attended by ministers
present at the sessions of the confer-
Plans for next year's conference
were discussed.

of yesterday that its 1911 Treaty o
Commerce and Navigation with JE
pan would be terminated next Jar
As to the "developments" thi
must precede the formulation of
new pact, the State Department chie
referred questioners to his note o
yesterday to the Japanese, saying
spoke for itself. The note said ti
1911 treaty was being terminati
"with a view to better safeguardin
and promoting American interes
as new develoyments may require.
Secretary of the Treasury Mo
genthau told reporters, meantim
that "we will take a fresh look
the countervailing duties."
To Hold Open
House Toda

explanation the
the treaty lec
that the Amer
contained prov

visions needing :
the statement s


Rackham Record
Plays Debussey,


Debussy's L'Apres-midi d'un Faun
and Enesco's Rumanian Rhapsody
Number One are among the selec-
tions to be played at the Rackham
Record Concert at 3 p.m. tomorrow
in the Men's Lounge of the Rackham

Lockwood Sees Vital Problems
For JapanIn Chinese Conflict

Pike Tells Problems Involved
In Translating Bible For Indian

Two years after the outbreak ofa
the present Sino-Japanese war, the
conflict has arrived at a military
stalemate; politically, Japan has
been defeated; and economically, the
cost to both sides has been enor-
mous, Dr. William W. Lockwood, Jr.,
secretary of the research staff of the
American Council of the Institute of
Pacific Relations and' visiting mem-
ber of the Summer Session faculty
summarized yesterday.
Dr. Lockwood lectured on "Japan
in China: A Two-Year Balance
Sheet." His talk was sponsored by
the Institute of Far Eastern Studies.
Japan has now between one and
one-and-one-half million men on the
continent, he said, occupation ex-
tending through the river and coas-1

The political problem is also a
great one, Dr, Lockwood asserted and
is growing as the occupied area be-
comes larger. In. northern China,
Japan has driven out the existing
government and political parties, he
declared, and is finding it necessary
to set up a new government which
may demand the invention of a new
political theory.
At the present time, he claimed,
Japan is trying to set up govern-
ments in the occupied areas in which
20th century methods of economic
deveopment are used along with the
old, Chinese social structure of the
5th century.
There are two policies which Ja-
pan may make use of in her Chinese
economy, Dr. Lockwood pointed out.
She can make use of expropriation,
the seizure of Chinese wealth, or she


Talk Sans Vocal Chords
To Be Given Tomorrow
"A Demonstration of How One Per-
son Can Give a Public Speech or
Sing a Quartet Without Using His
Vocal Chords" is the unusual title
of an unusual lecture demonstration
to be given by Prof. Floyd A. Fire-
stone of the nhvsics department at

Because of the need for adhering'
as closely as possible to the literal
rendering of the accepted text, the
missionary worker who would trans-
late the Bible into a hitherto unwrit-
ten language has problems which do
not trouble an ordinary translator of
a foreign work. Some of these prob-
lems were revealed at the Linguistic
Institute luncheon conference yes-
terday by Kenneth L. Pike, instructor
in the Summer Institute for Lin-
guistics, Siloam Springs, Ark., who
has been studying the speech of the
Mixtec Indians in Oaxaca, Mexico.
But a literal translation would
sometimes, he said, be meaningless.
The phrase in Revelations, "white as

ticle, "nu-",meaning some kind of
tree; and such a combination does:
very well.
The Biblical expression, "church of
God," presented special difficulty, be-
cause "church" to a Mixtec means a
dirt-house as opposed to a log-house,
since only churches are built of
adobe in his communities.
Grammatical problems also occur,
chiefly with pronouns. The sentence,
"Deliver us from evil," offers illus-
tration, since the translator must
decide whether to use the familiar
or formal pronoun in the imperative,
and the exclusive or inclusive form
for "us." .The best version Pike
declared, probably is "Taba-ni na jun
naha-na," which literally means,

The annual Observatory opE
house will be held from 2 to 5 p.r
today at the main Observatory acre
from the University Hospital.
Students will be conducted throug
out the building and guides will e
plain the various instruments of r,
search located there. Among the
will be 'the large reflecting telesco
37i/2 inches in diameter. This lnstri
ment is not. used for visual observ
tion but for photographing the spe
trum of the stars, according to Pr(
W. Carl Rufus, acting chairman
the department and in charge of t
Also to be shown will be the se
mograph, a very delicate instrume
which records earthquakes which c
cur any place on the earth's surfac
The seismograph is located in t
basement of the Observatory moue
ed on a pier and separate from t
walls of the building. This is to pi
vent any vibration of the walls frc
disturbing the instrument.
On display in the halls will be
largements of stellar spectra a
transparencies of nebulae, star ch
ters, sun spots and other astronon
tal sights, in addition to photogra;
of the recent eclipse expedition.


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