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July 09, 1938 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1938-07-09

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Chebatoris Dies
On The Gallows
As Scheduled
All Last Minute Efforts
Of Governor Murphy
Prove Of No Avail
MILAN, Mich., July' 8-A)-The
Federal Government took the life' of
Anthony Chebatoris todayon a gal-
lows in the yard of the Federal deten-
tion farm here.
Michigan's first legal execution in
108 years marked the end of a long
trail of crime for Chebatoris, bank
robber and murder. He became the
first person to pay with his life for
a violation of the National Bank Rob-
bery Act.
Tonight his body, unclaimed by re
latives, awaited consignment to the
earth in a potter's field.
Before the gaze of 23 persons in a
temporary structure housing the gal-
lows, Chebatoris plunged through a
steel trap door at 5:08 a.m., just four
minutes after sunrise. Physicians said
he was unconscious until they pro-
nounced him dead at 5:21 a.m.
Federal officials proceeded in an
orderly fashion with their grim task
after efforts to transfer the. execution
out of Michigan ended in failure.
Gov. Frank Murphy, avowed op-
ponent to capitol punishment, who
asked President Roosevelt to move the
hanging to another state, termed it
".a blot on Michigan's civilized re-
Existence of a long-dormant Michi-
gan statute providing hanging as the
penalty for treason' prevented the
Justice Department, which reviewed
the situation at the President's re-
quest, from changing its plans for the
execution. Under Federal law an exe-
cution may not be moved from a state
which provides the death penalty.
Chebatoris was convicted of killing
Henry porter, a bystander, while
fleeing aft'er an abortive attempt to
Rob the Chemical State Bank at Mid-
land, Mich., last September. The rob-
bery was thwarted when Dr. Fraik L.
Hardy, sharpshooting dentist with
officers above the bank, opened fire
with a deer rifle, wounding Cheba-
toris and killing his companion.
Chebatoris attempted suicide while
a federal prisoner in the Saginaw
jail, and was removed to Milan under
close guard.
This morning he walked firmly up
the 13 steps of the scaffold and turn-
ed to Phil Hana of Epworth, Ill,
whotsuperintended the hanging.
"Are you Mr. Hanna?" he asked.
"I am," Hanna replied.
"Then I know It will be a good job,"
said the condemned man.
Chebatoris, who until yesterday
was aceompanied on the death march
by the Rev. Lee Laige, prison chap-
lain, who afterward sad the absolu-
tion granted the killer was condi-
tional upon whether or not he was
truly repentant.
Father Lge. pointed out that
"even up to the last" Chebatoris re-
fused to repeat prayers.
A native of Poland Chebatoris first
was convicted in this 'country for
the holdup of a Packard Motor Car
Co. cashier in 1920. Since that time
had spent most of his years in pris-
ons. He was 38 years old.
Fifty -tui entQ
Hear Educators
Tell History Of University
To Comnercial Group
Dr. J. B. Edmonson, dean of the
School of Education gave a brief
history of the University, and a com-
parativeestimate of it in relation to
other institutions, in a talk to 50

students of commercial education at
the Horace H. Rackham School of
Graduate Studies.
Dr. George E. Meyers, also of the
education school faculty, told of his
special interest In vocational studies,
while John M. Trytten, instructor
in commercial education, spoke on
the advantages to be gained by group
Miss Charlotte Palmer was chosen
leader of the committee formed to,
make plans for group study and re-
creation during the summer session.
The first scheduled event is a picnic
July 14."
Music School Women
Plan New Organization'
The "Get-Acquainted" warty given'
at 8 p.m. Wednesday for women en-
rolled in the Summer Session music'
school brought alout a new organi-
zation known as the "Treble-Aires,",
which plans to meet every two weeks1
throughout the Summer Session. ;
Leah Lichtenwalter, Grad., wasa
elected general chairman of the club
at the business meeting, and appoint-
ed three assistants. Virginia Sproul
will act as publicity chairman, Mrs.
Clara Florence is head of the stunts
committee and Dorothy Royt will
have charge of the programs.
Following a program of games and

Senator King, Douglas Discuss Monopoly Inquiry

Teachers, Meeting At Columbia, Say

Fascism Influenses

The Schoolroom

Prof. Newlon, Educational
Leader, Claims Stifling
Of Discussion Is Factor
From New York Herald-Tribune
One thousand teachers from all
sections of the country, attending the
first of a series -of public lectures
on educational administration at the
Columbia University summer session
yesterday, took part in a discussion
as to whether American schools are
educating for democracy or fascism
and indicated by question and answer
that they were fully convinced of the
presence of fascist influences.
The conference began with an
hour's open discussion and was fol-
lowed by an address by Prof. Jesse
H. Newlon, former president of the
National Education Association. Al-
though the name of the American
Legion, injected by Prof. William
Gellerman in his recent talk on "The
American Legion as Educator," was
not mentioned, the teachers admitted
that they were frequently under the
influence of outside; pressure groups
which caused them to refrain from
teaching certain subjects.
One woman said: "I'd lose my job
if I taught labor problems or com-
munism." A man asserted that teach-
ers were unable to exercise their full
rights as citizens because "they are
held down by fear."
Immediately after the discussion,
at the start of his address Professor
Newlon said: "I believe we have
shown that forces inimical to de-
mocracy are at work in American
,ducation today. Some of these
forces are seeking to control Ameri-
can education to their own ends, to
prevent the schools from presenting
to youth an honest and adequate pic-
ture of conditions either at home or
abroad, to limit freedom of teaching
and make of education merely a de-
fense of things as they are."
Education must not remain neutral
in regard to social problems if it is to
avoid its fascist leanings, Professor
Newlon said. "American schools edu-
cate for fascism wherever there is not
freedom to study and discuss contro-

versial issues, wherever there is cen-
sorship and exclusion from school li-
braries of books that present honest1
and factual analyses of current ec-
anomic and social problems and is-
sues," he said.
"American schools educate for fas-
cism wherever teachers fear to exer-
cise to their full rights of citizenship,"
he continued. "American schools ed-
ucate for fascism wherever the ad-
ministration of the school is authori-
tarian or autocratic. A school can-
not longrcontinue half autocratic and
half democratic. It will become whol-.
ly autocratic in time."
At the start of the conference Pro-
fessor Newlon listed eight character-
istics of education for fascism. They
included the teaching only of facts
supporting an approved view, the
inculcation of fascist ideals and at-
titudes, a conditioning of obedience,
a lack of free discussion in the class-
room, an autocratic school adminis-
tration, a limited library, the prohi-
bition of teachers participating in
civic life, and the law that every
teacher must pledge loyalty and sub-
servience to a controlling group.
After he had listed them Professor
Newlon asked: "Do we find any of

these elements in the schools of the
United States today?"
Practically every answer from the
gallery was affirmative. They ranged
from "yes, we find all of them" to
"You may find any of them in any
schools" and "I believe there are
quite a few such schools."
Professor Newlon then outlined the
characteristics of education for de-
mocracy. The first he mentioned
was the study of critical views and
the presentation of conflicting ideas
and of all pertinent data.
He asked whether this was a gen-
eral characteristic of the nation's
schools. A large majority of voices
shouted "No." Another of Professor
Newlon's characteristics was a demo-
cratic school administration with
teacher participation in the de-
velopment of educational policy. The
majority of the audience again loudly
denied that such participation was
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Senator William H. King (left), of Utah, and William C. Douglas, chairman of the Securities Exchange
Comnission, drew off into a corner in Washington for a private discussion of the forthcoming monopoly in-
vestigation. The senator seems to be doing most of tAe talking.
Route of the President's Transcontinental Journey
WYO .0
A r t "104fO ULY 13 IOWA MARIE TTA .
JL14 PUEBLO J Uv 8' rO
OSEM TEuNATe s Uint vew9i ta
J L 8
ORT vvOR'r~-
Thsmap indicates the route President Roosevelt will follow on his transcontinental speaking tour. He


will make appearances at the designated cities. His tour is expected to

help him decide the status of his own

of your neighbors have switched to electric cooking-
An electric range provides the latest time, and there is less frequent need
and most modern method of cooking. for redecorating. Cooking utensils, too,

political popularity.

Canadian Fascists Unite Against Reds

'38 Torester'
Honors .donor
Of Endowment'
The Michigan Forester, publication
of the Forestry Club in honor of the
senior class of the School of Forestry
and Conservation, inaugurated ap-
proximately 20 years ago, has con-
tinued to make a more or less regular
appearance, interrupted for a time by
the World War, Dean Samuel T. Dana
of the forestry school said.
The present issue of the book,
which stands out for its fine typ-
ography and high quality photog-
raphy, he said is especially note-
worthy for the dedication. It is ad-
dressed to Charles Lathrop Pack,
early champion of forestry study and
especial benefactor to the University
in establishing a generous endow-
ment for the promotion of land utili-
zation and succeeding grant from the
Charles Lathrop Pack Forestry Foun-
Due to the aid of these grants the
University =has been able to expand
its own forest properties and cooper-
ate with Federal, State and private
agencies in the problem of land man-
Included among the special fea-
tures of the book this year are a
number of articles written by various
alumni, faculty members and pres-
ent students. Among these are "Some
Aspects of Modern Forestry" by
Prof. Howard M. Wright; "Forestry
for Forest People" by Ellery A. Fos-
ter, '31; "The Forester's Lament,"
"The Call Of The Loon" by Prof.
Earl S. O'Roke; "News from the
Field" and "War and Forests' by Lil-
liam K. Starrett, '39, only woman
student in the forestry school; and
"Forestry, Dust and Civilization,"
prize winning essay in the Pack Prize
Esay contest, by Bert E. Holby, '39.

That is what appeals to most of the
10,000 families in and around Detroit
who have switched to electric cooking
during the past year. That is why
more than 60,000 of your neighbors
prefer an electric range to any other
cooking method, and are now enjoying
the advantages that only an electric
range provides.
What are these advantages? Your
dealer will be glad to point them out
to you, one by one, on any of the ranges
he has on display. He will mention the
CLEANLINESS of electric cooking, with
pure heat from a glowing wire-heat as
clean as sunlight. ,.He will mention the
ease with which you can have a bright,
sparkling kitchen. Walls and curtains
stay fresh for a much longer period of

remain bright and shiny after long use.
Your dealer will tell you about the
BETTER FLAVOR of electric cooking.
Meats and vegetables cook- to melting
tenderness in their own juices, with
delicious natural flavor sealed-in. You
will learn about the modern waterless
cooking method which retains precious
minerals and important food values.
You will discover the ADDED LEISURE
that an electric range makes possible
. .. extra hours of freedom away from
the kitchen. You will appreciate its
weather - an electric range does not
raise the kitchen temperature one degree.
Stop in at your dealer's today and
see for yourself the convincing supe-
riorities of electric cooking!



'Canada For Canadians' is the slogan of Canadian Fascists who
organized at Kingston, Ont., as National Unity Party with Joseph Farr
(right), directing the procedure. The new leader, Adrian Arcand
(second from the left), declared that fascism will enable Canada to re-
conquer its territory from "red clutches of Moscow and international
Jewry." About 1,500 attended the meeting.
Dr. Hu Shih Traces Literature Rise

See the new electric ranges on display at department stores,
electrical dealers or at your Detroit Edison office.

(Continued from Page 1)
roots of a dead force, the language of
the people, the vulgar vernaculary
was undergoing a natural process of
evolution towards simplification, in-
telligibility and regularity that has
resulted in the present "perfect" Chi-
nese language. Although the use of
the people's tongue for artistic en-
deavor did not become universally
accepted until very recently, Dr. Hu
said, China's greatest literary works,
even those of ,antiquity, have been
composed in that tongue, including
the anonymous masterpiece "All Men
Are Brothers," which has been a Chi-
nese "best seller for five centuries"
and which Pearl Buck recently trans-
lated into English.
Southern Club Plans
Novel Watermelon Cut
Southern students enrolled in the

The first literary achievement in
the people's language was the folk-
songs, ballads, legends which they
composed and sang themselves. From
the Homeric themes inherent in this
indigenous literature, Dr. Hu de-
clared, the literary classicists, found
the inspiration for great novels
which they published anonymously in
the vernacular tongue. The rise of
these novels, which compare favor-
ably with those written in any tongue,
convinced the people that their "vul-
gar" language was capable of pro-
ducing literature of intense beauty,
and intrinsically vital.

Classified DirectoryI

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able. Phone 8544. 422 E Washington.

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