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July 02, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1938-07-02

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The Weather_
Mostly eloudy Saturday; Sun- Big
day unsettled and warmer - I?
probably with showers. AirI
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL XLVII NO. 6 ANN ARBOR, MICUIGAN, SATURDAY, JULY 2, 1938
Scott Relates Fresh - Air Camp Is 200 -Acre Wall S t r e e t "Brother Rats' Have The Goods Frei
.g-> Paradise For 300 Young Boys . To Make Brother Rat' Succeed
Niagra Falls Buy *g Boom v l
..University Camp Begins the counselors and the youngsters. Co-Authors Finklehoffe, 'Rats' Surprised
Physical examinations are given O
Life History 18th Season Of Caring the campers every year. Of over 300 S urs Stocks Monks Languished Long O
For The Underprivileged boys who were examined last year, In Guardhouse Of VMI
bIn. * Vff"rar f l d t b h nffoina

Editorials
rger And Better
Battleships ..
rplane Safety
Improvement .
PRIUCE FE CENTS
nch, Turks
ect Treaty
Frie.dship
'1 0 7

T

Geologist Scouts Theory
That Falls Eventually
Will Reach Lake Erie
Lecture Is Fifth
Of Summer Series
The saga of Niagara Falls, its life
history its 4-foot-per-year progress
up the Niagara River, the 400-foot
gorge, its swirling waters have cut
into the face of the earth and the
geologic explanation of the waterfall
phenomenon was the text of Prof.
I. D. Scott's lecture delivered yester-
day, the fifth in the regular Summer
Session oratorical series.
The Niagara River in its winding
course between Lakes Erie and On-
tario, Professor Scott said, is a veri-
table goldmine of information, for
the occupational geologist. Its deep
and shallow gorges, undercut cliffs,
protruding rocks and whirlpools, he
said, are' rich and graphic illustration
of the geologic life history of the
northwestern territory.
Gorges Tell Story
By means of the gorge widths and
depths inthe river below the falls, he
said, geologists have pried into the
mysteriesW of geologic time and dis-
covered the complete history of the
Falls since their beginning hundreds
of thousands of years ago, as well
as the development of the whole
Great Lakes basin since the recession
of the last glacier.
The Gorge below the Niagara, he
pointed out, represents the path the
Falls have taken in their back-cut-
ting journey through the centuries.
By the comparitive width and depth
of the gorge geologists are able to
estimate the amount of water pouring
over the drop. They find the water-
flow has varied in different periods
by as much as 10 to 1, according as
the number of Great Lakes varied
draining through Lake Erie and out
the Niagara River. During two per-
iods, he said, the larger lakes were
separated from Erie and drained out
the Trent and Detroit Rivers respec-
tively, giving to the Niagara River
only the water from Lake Erie, a
comparitively small amount capable
only of cutting shallow and narrow
gorges.
Scouts Theory
Professor Scott scouted the idea
that the Falls at their present rate
of recession would back into Lake
Erie and drain the lake. The terri-
tory around the Niagara outlet, he
said, is rising at present and it is
virtually a certainty that the Nia-
gara will be lifted too high to remain
long in its present function of drain-
age outlet for the whole lake system.
The water in all probality, he said,
will shift and go out the Chicago
River.\1
2 Sophomores
Play Golf Final
Semi-Final Round Played
In Driving Rain
LOUISVILLE, Ky., July 1-(M)---
Survivors of sensational skirmishes
in a downpour of rain, sophomores
Bert McDowell of Louisiana State
University and John P. Burke of
Georgetown University advanced to-
day by the narrowest of margins to
the finals of the National Intercol-
legiate Golf Championship.
The 19-year old McDowell, resi-
dent, of Kansas City, and Burke, 21-
year old delegate from Newport, R. I.,
square off for the championship over
the 36-hole route tomorrow on the
Louisville Country Club Course.
After stepping out to a command-

ing lead of 6 up and leading by
four holes turning into the stretch
nine, Burke barely withstood a spec-
tacular challenge from Young Bob
Babbish of the University of Detroit,
before triumphing, 1 up on the
thirty-sixth.
McDowell and Lew Oeh'.nig of the
University of Virginia waged a thrill-
ing duel, never more than two holes
separating them, but the Louisiana
State youngster staged a remarkable
comeback to square th, match at the
thirty-sixth hole and then nonchal-
antly walk up and run down an 18-
foot putt to win, one up. on the

Some twenty-five miles from Ann
Arbor lies a 200-acre boys paradise,
which thisweek will be turned from
an uninhabited area to a play spot
for youngsters who have been dream-
ing about it for the past eleven
months. It is the University of Mich-
igan Fresh Air Camp which opens its
18th season.
This summer more than 300 boys
from Ann Arbor, Detroit, Ypsilanti,
and Hamtramck, who otherwise
would be forced to remain in their
underprivileged homes, will enjoy the
benefits of four-weeks in the open.
The staff is composed of 40 counsel-
lors, most of whom will receive six
hours credit in personal guidance and
sociology.
The aims of the camp are better
citizenship, development o' leader-
ship, prevention of delinquency, com-
munity cooperation and integration,
and "happier, healthier, and more
useful young citizens." In 18 years
more than 6,000 boys have been cared
for.
Democracy is the key-note of the
camp. Each boy has a voice in ,the
camp's affairs and a like amount of
work is done by each. Washing dish-
es, cleaning the grounds, gardening,
average about three hours of a boy's
day. During the two-hour project
period each afternoon, they are en-
gaged in handicraft, music, drama-
tics, boxing, wrestling and many
other activities.
The camp is a little community,
of its own with permanent buildings
including a bakery, infirmary, mu-
seum, power house, athletic building,
barn and farm. The Main Lodge pro-
vides kitchen and dining-room fac-
ilities, a council room for indoor ac-
tivities, offices and staff quarters.
Waterfront equipment includes a
floating dock, two stationary docks
with diving towers, 12 rowboats and
two large lifeboats and a sail-boat.
Nine wood cabins and six tin cab-
ins serve as the sleeping quarters for
Health Rulings
Seen Protecting
Tourist Trade
State Prescribes Minimum
Requirements For Sale
Of Food OrBeverages
LANSING, July 1 -(P)- Three
State departments laid down strin-
gent rules today for establishments
selling food or beverages. The new
regulations are intended to protect
Michigan's $300,000,000 tourist in-
dustry.
The new rules, fixing minimum
standards, were drafted by the State
Health and Agricultural departments
and the Liquor Control Commission.
They provide that:
1. Buildings must be of substan-
tial construction and large enough
for accommodations. Premises must
be kept clean and free from con-
tamination by dust, insects, animals
or persons.
2. Water must meet Health De-
partment standards. Open - spout
pitchers are prohibited.
3. Openings, such as windows and
doors, must be screned.
4. Adeqtiate rest room facilities
must be provided for employes and
patrons and washrooms equipped
with sanitary' towels and soap.
5. Use of cracked or chipped dishes
forbidden. Utensils must be washed
in water not cooler than 110 degrees
Fahrenheit, and then sterilized.
6. Food and beverages must be
covered. Milk must be served in or-
iginal containers. The public must
be notified if oleomargarine or skim-
med milk cheese is served.
7. Refrigerators must be kept at
temperatures not higher than 50 de-
grees. '%

Original University
Seal Is Unearthed
In Old Documents
An exceedingly early copy of the
Minerva seal, the first seal used by
the University at Ann Arbor, was
unearthed recently when old docu-
ments were transferred from the bus-
iness office to the historical collec-
tinn in the Rackham huilding.

a num er were mn naoU De su i ermng
from malnutrition, defective teeth
and diseased tonsils. The more ser-
ious cases were corrected.
Through a carefully planned pro-
gram and through the association of
counselors and leaders of the high-
est type, the best possible influences
are brought to bear on the boys, ac-
cording to' George G. Adler, Camp
Director.
The cost to the boy depends upon
the ability of his parents to pay.
Each summer the camp holds Tag
Day drive at which time student
contributions are solicited.
Alabama Mine
Cave-In Traps
10 Coal Miners
Rescue Crews Race Death
In Desperate Attempt
To Save Men In Shaft
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., July 1-WP)-
Rescue crews risking their own lives
ran a race with death tonight in a
desperate attempt to save a little
group of miners trapped 3,000 feet
underground in the Praco coal shafts
by collapse of a 350-foot rock wall
which left three known dead.
One of he victims, Lloyd Panter,
26, died after physicians entered the
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., July=1-OP)
.Rescue workers won a desperate
race tonight for the lives of three
miners entombed 3,000 feet un-
derground in the Praco coal mine
by the collapse of a rock wall and
brought the trapped men to the
surface.
Five others u ere dead, either
crushed by the rock o suffocat-
ed, while the ninth, V3 * ers hon-
ed, was still alive ant near res-
cue.
shaft with the rescue party and cut
off an arm to free him from where
he was pinned under debris.
The other known dead were J. I.
Wingard, a'ssistant superintendent of
the mine who was directing work
near the wall, and Leonard Dock-
ing, who died of suffocation.
The Praco Mine, 20 miles north-
west of Birmingham, is operated by
the Alabama By-Products Company.
Air was being forced into a nar-
row ventilation shaft believed to lead
to the chamber where the men are
entomber, but workers were doubt-
ful the opening remained intact.
Workers were hampered by the
depth of the chamber and its great
distance, more than a mile and a
half, from the mine entrance.
Superintendent J. W. Porter said
only 10 men were working under
Wingard when the slide occurred.
Porter said two were known to have
escaped, and that another had been
removed from the debris gravely
injured.

Increase In Transactions
Seen As Output Stimulus
To Factories This Year
Employment Rise
Is Also Predicted
NEW YORK, July 1-(P)-A mid-
year buying boom-less than two
weeks old-showered orders today on
producers of raw materials and
goods, gave stocks another boost in
Wall Street and moved some pro-
ducers to prepare for a step-up in
factory schedules.
As the buying spread in raw ma-
terials, many business observers were
convinced the movement would be
reflected in the second half of the
year in higher industrial operations
and factory and mine employment.
A rise in cotton, rubber, hides and
metals-all basic materials in key
processing industries-tended to shift
the day's spotlight to commodities
away from the spectacular upswing
which increased quoted share values
on the stock exchange about $10,-
000,000,000 since June 20.
Trade circles estimated more than
300,000,000 yards of textiles had been
sold the last two weeks in the broad-
est dealings since March, 1937. Some
textile factories already were re-
ported increasing operations.
Consumers, it appeared, for the
first time on a large scale since early
1937 and the summer of 1936, were
placing orders to replenish raw ma-
terial inventories and to beat the gun
on rising prices.
Copper sales for domestic delivery
were reported to have jumped to
about 91,000 tons last month, the
largest since December, 1936, from
only 19,000 in May. Producers hiked
the home price to 9112 cents a pound,
up % cent this week.
With a buying rush on, Kennecott
Copper, leading domestic producer,
announced it expected to resume op-
erations at its Utah mines August 1,
recently shut to prevent further ac-
cumulation of unsold metal.
Since mid-June, rubber has risen
about 3 cents a pound, hides two
cents, copper futures more than a
cent, wool tops 5 cents and silk about
20 cents a pound. These were among
the most severely depressed in the
1937 collapse.
UAW 'Peace Faction'
Works For Harmony
DETROIT, July 1-VP)-Efforts of
a peace faction" to restore harmony
to theUnitednAutomobile Workers'
union were held in abeyance today
pending the return from the east
of President Homer Martin. He is
expected back tomorrow from the
trip that included a conference with
John L. Lewis, CIO chairman.
The "peace group" said it would
seek a conference with Martin as soon
as he returns, seeking immediate re-
instatement of the five officers whom
he suspended June 13.'

By CARL PETERSEN
That John Monks and Fred Finke-
boffe knew what they were talking
about when they wrote "Brother
Rat," scheduled for its Ann Arbor
premiere Wednesday evening, was
testified to last night by Albert
Kimble, Grad., who graduated from
Virginia Military Institute, the daddy
of "ole VMI," in 1937
Monks and Finklehoffe were
"Brother Rats" in the fullest sense of
the word in their under graduate days
at VMI, according to Kimble, who
was a "plebe" at the time of their
graduation, for they spent a great
portion of their time in the guard-
house or doing "penalty tours." Thef
major crime of their hectic days att
VMI and the one which almost de-C
prived them of their diplomas fromc
the "West Point of the South," saidr
Kimble, occured when they had theI
indiscretion to be caught with a girl 1
in their room-a situation aroundc
which much comedy centers in the 1
play.
Not only do Manks and Finkle-k
hoffe's actions enter largely into the
play but they also provide the proto-
types for two of the principal charac-
ters, according to Kimble, Finkle-
hoffe being a short man, the perfectt
prototype of 'Mistol' Bottom, whilet
Monks is tall and thin, exactly like
the distracted pitcher, 'Bing Ed-
wards.'
The frequent "penalty tours" which
the irrepressible embryo officers at
"VMI" are forced to undergo were
often experienced by the authors, for,
according to Kimble, the officers of
VMI make a fetish of discipline and
evidently thrive on dishing out a su-
perabundance of "room and" in the
guardhouse.
Though it may have been a breeze
for the two graduates to write
"Brother Rat," it was quite a differ-
ent story when it came to agetting it
on the stage. Almost every pro-
ducer in New York had turned up his
nose at the "kid" play before the
Archeologists
Will Explore
IndianRegions
University Men Organize
Expedition In Search
After Old Tribal Relics
In hopes of untangling some of the
age-old mysteries of Indian tribal
distribution, five University archeolo-
gists will leave Tuesday for the Up-
per Peninsula to begin intensive in-
vestigatioons in one of the first re-
gions of North America ever to be
inhabited by white mant
Members of the party which will
be the first to undertake extensive
excavations in Northern Michigan
are: Dr. Emerson F. Greenman, of
the University Museums; George
Quimby and Robert Benton, both
graduate students in anthropology;
John Goggin, of the University of
New Mexico; and John Ehlers, of Ann
Arbor.
The expedition's first stop will be
made at Canadian-owned Grand
Manitoulin Island, situated in the
northern end of Lake Huron. This is
considered the largest inland island
in the world and was once a favorite
stopping place for whites and In-
dians traveling between Quebec and
Michilimackinac. In the Upper Pe-
ninsula the scientists will concen-
trate their digging on the islands and
banks of the St. Mary's river and
along the coast west of St. Ignace.
Ability to determine the distribu-
tion of early tribes, according to Dr.
Greenman, will depend upon the ex-
pedition's success in unearthing rel-

ics showing contact between the In-
dians and whites. When a site of
white-Indian contact has been dis-
covered, and can be identified by old
records, it will be possible to clas-
sify the relics as belonging to a spe-
cific Indian tribe. r
Lapp To Open Lecture
Series Here Wednesday
Dr. John A. Lapp, former sociology
professor at Marquette University,
will open a series of lectures on cur-

footsore authors warily pushed open
the door to producer George Abbott's
office. Abbott, fresh from the suc-
cess of "Boy Meets Girls" and "Three
Men on a Horse" was willing to cast
his lot with the offering of the two,
but only after it had been thoroughly
overhauled, a job consuming the
better part of a year.
When Brother Rat was finally put
on Broadway, people stayed away
by the thousands, even in the face
of excellent reviews by New York
critics. The puzzled producer and
authors, in desperation started in-
terviewing people on the street to see
what the blight upon their offering
could be. The results of their "vox
populi" endeavor showed them that
(Continued on Page 4)
Reich Assumes
Austria's Main
Debt To Britain
Settlement Excludes Other
Countries Holding Bonds
On Germany Or Austria
LONDON, July 1-(')- Germany
assumed responsibility today for the
principal loans of annexed Austria
in a broad settlement of greater
Germany's obligations to Great Brit-
aim.
The agreement was on a strictly
two-nation basis, excluding all other
countries holding both German and
Austrian bonds, and followed threats
that Britain would commandeer
German commercial credits here to
pay interest on the debts if Ger-
many continued to disavow Austrian
obligations.
The status of debts owed the United
States remained unchanged. The
United States is not in the same fa-
vorable bargaining position as Great
Britain toward Germany.
Germany buys more from the Unit-
ed States than she sells-just the op-
posite of the Anglo-German rela-
tions-and consequently the United
States lacks the same trade lever to
force a settlement.
(Since April 6 the State Depart-
ment in Washington has sent three
communications to Germany seeking
settlement of the Austrian debts to
the United States, amounting to $20,-
000,000. Germany has not replied.)
Included in the Anglo-German
agreement were reductions for Brit-
ish interest rates on two loans floated
to help Germany's reparations set-
tlements.
Chinese Planes
BombJap Sites
Report Damage To Ship
Stationed On Yangtze
SHANGHAI, July 1 -(P)-A squad-
ron of Chinese warplanes attacked
Japanese troop positions and war-
ships up the Yangtze river today in
an attempt to halt the invaders' land
and naval drive toward Hankow, Chi-
nese provisional capital.
The attack centered near Matow-
chen, 175 miles below Hankow, where
the Japanese have been hammering
for days to break a formidable de-
fense boom the Chinese have laid
across the river.
The Chinese reported their attack
seriously damaged one warship.
The best available reports were that
Matowchen itself now is in the hands
of the Japanese, although the Japa-
nese ships apparently had not yet
cracked the nearby boom.
There was bloody fighting two
miles to the east, where opposing land

in 1 anJak Area
Pledge They Will Maintain
'Political Status Quo' Of
Eastern Mediterranean
Pact Seen Influence
On Power Alignment
PARIS, July 1-(RP)-France and
Turkey clasped hands today in a
good neighbor pact, concentrated in
the Sanjak (District) of Alexandret-
ta, which might change the political
complexion of any new European
war.
In addition to this treaty of friend-
ship, which France will seek to broad
en into a three-nation pact by ne-
gotiations with Syria, a military
agreement was reached by which
France and Turkey jointly guarantee
the internal and external security
of Alexandretta.
It was provided that from today
equal numbers of Turkish and French
troops would be stationed in Alexand-
retta, the 10,000-square mile dis-
trict which formerly belonged to
Turkey.
They are to perserve order pending '
a plebiscite on the future of the
Sanjak--whether it shall become an
autonomous Moslem etate or be re-
joined to Syria, which France has
ruled under a League of Nations
mandate.
Among the clauses understood to
be contained in the Turish-French
friendship treaty was the following
important condition:
France and Turkey have agreed
that the "political status quo" of the
eastern Mediterranean should be
maintained and further decided upon
mutual consultations should events
tend toward upsetting- this stipula-
tion.
This provision, bound together with
mutual friendship and the military
agreement inside Alexandretta, was
seen as lending a new view to the
possible division of forces if and
when war should engulf Europe.
France's position was interpreted
as having been strengthened con-
siderably since it was believed the
pact also would allow the passage of
warships from Soviet Russia, Fran-
ce's military ally, through the Dar-
danelles into the Mediterranean from
the Black Sea.
Pre-Hitler Reich
Likened To U S
Williams Draws Analogy;
Cites Lessons Taught
COLUMBUS, 0., July 1--- Au-
brey Williams, deputy WPA Admin-
istrator, tonight compared America
with Germany in the days before
Hitler, and urged: "We must not neg-
lect the lesson taught."
Williams prepared his address for
delivery before the National Asso-
ciation for the Advancement of Col-
ored People.
He said Germany, "whose econo-
my had not recovered from the dis-
ruption caused by the World War,
was then ruled by moderate political
parties, which did not do enough
while there was still time to do it,
who hesitated, compromised and de-
layed.
"In the end, the German people
succumbed to privation, and a new
group came to power that did not
believe in democracy. The changes
of Democratic progress were there-
after lost.

"In those last hours, while the mod-
erates were still in power, there were
those who urged them to adopt more
thorough-going measures, if they
would save the democratic process.
"I know America is not Germany,
but America is part of the world, and
we must not neglect the lessons
taught by what happened in those
countries in recent years."
Turning to American economics,
Williams said that "with terrifying
consistency, income and wealth have
tended to become concentrated in the
lbands of very few people," and
blamed monopoly and technological
, changes for unemployment.

-1

1,000 Crowd New Rackham
Building For Annual Reception

By SUZANNE POTTER
More than 1,000 persons crowded
the halls and rooms of the new Hor-
ace H. Rackham School for Graduate
Studies at the annual reception giv-
en last night honoring the students
and faculty of the Summer Session.
Guests were directed to the various
departmental headquarters, set up in
rooms throughout the building, by
undergraduate students who served
as official guides for the occasion.
Many members of the faculty, those
who are in the University only dur-
ing the Summer Session, as well as
the regular professors, were noted
mingling with the guests. Among
the Library Science members who
gathered in the Women's Lounge on
the second floor were Prof. Carl M.
White of the University of North
Carolina, Mr. and Mrs. Edward H.
Eppens, Mary J. Loughin, Inis Smith
of Indianola, Ia., Mrs. Dorothy Swank
Belcher of Rolla, Mo., Elizabeth
Smallman of Akron, O., Mr. and Mrs.
Melvin J. Voight, Rolland Stewart
of Detroit, Mary Nephler of Pontiac,
Elizabeth Crawford of Princeton, N.
J., and Ruth Hewlett of Tucson.
Ariz.
A group in the East Conference

third floor of the building, was swept
by a brisk breeze, and attracted a
number of the guests who filled the
hall leading into the Assembly Room.
The large tables were placed one on
each side of the curving terrace,
where punch was served.
Dr. Hazel M. Losh was greeted by
Prof. and Mrs. Julio Del Toro, and
Registrar Ira M. Smith and Mrs.
Smith were carrying on a conversa-
tion near one of the tables with Prof.
and Mrs. Bennett Weaver. Prof. and
Mrs. Lowell J. Carr were out there
3siso, and Mr. and Mrs. Neil H. Wil-
liams were seen edging through the
door leading onto the terrace.
Prof. and Mrs. Wassily Besekirsky
and Mrs. Joseph Brinkman were not-
ed in the crowd of students and fac-
ulty members who were standing in
line waiting to make their way down
the receiving line in the Assembly
Room.
The music and speech departments
had headquarters in the Women's
Lounge on the second floor. Prof.
Henry A. Sanders, representing
speech and Play Production wel-
comed Prof. Willand, a visiting pro-
fessor from the University of To-
ronto, and also Prof. Bidwell.
'1fl a Da.n n 0.n nm u, ,c.urt.,ad

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