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August 18, 1938 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1938-08-18

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Editorial
The American
Newspaper Game .

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Official Publication Of The Summer Session

.

XLVII. No. 45

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN THURSDAY, AUG. 18, 1938

PRICE-FIVE CENTS

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Fascist Issue
Seen Rocking
British Cabinet
Rift Between Chamberlain
And Halifax Rumored
As Fascists Combine
Secretary Advocates
Stronger Measures
LONDON, Aug. 17-()-Italy and
Germany have struck three blows at
British foreign policy which todayI
started rumors of cleavage between
Prime Minister Chamberlain and
Viscount Halifax, foreign secretary.
Insurgent Generalissimo Francisco
Franco, presumably on the advice of
Italian and German dictators, was
said to have balked at Britain's plan
for geting foreign fighters out of
Premier Mussolini has resumed
anti-British propaganda in spite of
the British-Italian friendship agree-
ment
Chancellor Hitler, despite avowals
of devotion to peace, gave Europe
continued jitters with a program of
army maneuvers some critics regard-
ed as a dress rehearsal for war
Takes Firmer Stand
As a result mainly of the Spanish
.nd Czechoslovak-German problems,
informed quarters said, Lord Halifax
now is convinced that it is, impossible
to save peace without taking a firmer
stand against dictators.I
Chamberlain's policy has been to
try to moderate-rather than oppose 1
complely-Germany's ambitions to-
ward central Europe.
To do this he sent Viscount Runci-
man to Praha as "unofficial'' media-
tor to appease.Germany's desire for
control of Czechoslovakia's 3,500,000
German minority by some means
short of granting them autonomy.
Lord Halifax recently has been see-
ing Anthony Eden, his predecessor
who resigned Feb. 20 in protest1
against Chamberlain's policy of deal-
ing with Italy and Germany. In-
formed sources expressed the opinion
that Lord Halifax has come to be-
lieve Eden's stronger policy against
dictators is right.
May Drop Portfolio
It was not suggested that there
would be an open break between the
Prime Minister and the Foreign Sec-
retary, but Lord Halifax was believed
to have asked to be relieved from
his portfolio as soon as it is oppor-
tune.
There even was some discussion of
Chamberlain's retiring this fall. In
that event, Sir Samel Hoare, home
secretary, probably would move up to
the premiership.
Everywhere in Europe it was recog-
nized that the Spanish and Czechos-
lovak-German questions were sym-
bolic of the larger doctrinal and eco-
nomic conflicts between democracies
and dictatorships.
The deepening cleavage between the
two also was shown by comment in
Germany and Italy on United States
Secretary Hull's appeal for peace,
regarded among democracies as a
warning to dictatorships.
Watson's Heave
Def eats German
Downs Hans Woellke With
Fifty-One-Foot Put
DRESDEN, Germany - (P) - Ru-
dolf Harbig, Germany's fine middle-
distance runner, continues to give the
touring American track and field ath-

letes plenty of trouble.
Despitehthe fact that the invaders
took. eight of 14 events yesterday,
Harbig again beat Charlie Beetham of
Columbus, 0., former Ohio State star,
in the 800-meters run. It was close
all the way and both runners were
caught in the same time, 1 :62.. Koer-
ting of Germany was a poor third.
Harley Howells, of Ohio State, who
whipped Harbig at 400 meters in Sun-
day's meet at Berlin, came through
in the 400 in 48.4. Mozel Ellerbe of
Tuskegee Institute was another star,
taking the 100 meters in 10.6 and the
200 meters in 21.3. Fred Wolcott of
Rice was second in the 200 in 22.2.
Wolcott gained an easy triumph in
the 110-meter high hurdles beating
two German rivals in 14.9 while an-
other Rice star, Jack Patterson, cap-
tured the 400-meter hurdles in 53.7,
a second ahead of Darr of Germanys
Greg Rice, husky Notre Dame dis-
tance runner, won the 3,000 meters
by a wide margin in 8:40.5. Bill Wat-
son, Michigan's shot putter, beat Ger-

world's Democracies warmly
Receive Cordell Hull's Message

Germany, Italy And Japan
Cool Toward Program
Of 'Peace By Reason'
(By Associated Press)
United States Secretary of State
Cordell Hull's internationally broad-
cast seven-point program for peace
"by way of reason" instead of armed
force was received warmly yesterday
(Wednesday) by the world's' demo-
cracies, coolly by Germany, Italy, and
Japan.t
In London the speech was hailed
as a warning to dictatorship and an
acknowledgement that the United
States cannot remain aloof from the
world. Praise' was 'accorded Hull for
extending "moral authority" of Am-
ericans in a "war of principles."
The London Telegraph, endorsing
the program, warned, however, that
his appeal was "in danger of re-
maining a pious aspiration," and sug-
gested the United States "seize"one
of the great opportunities of his-
tory" by promoting the program
"without the preliminary reservation
that her own cooperation must be
without definite commitments."
In Paris newspapers hailed the

speech as "America's warning to the
totalitarian states."
An authoritative Yugoslav source
said #that Yugoslavia was deeply im-
pressed, and that "it is particularly
important for Yugoslavia . . . that
Secretary Hull is repairing wrongs by
resorting to International Law."
The semi-.democratic newspaper
Timupal in Rumania said Hull's
"categoricalwords are more valuable
to the world than all the fugitive
assurances or political{ and military
maneuvers of certain nations."
The reception was different in Ber-
lin. The Foreign Office in its official
Deutsche Diplomatische Politische
Korrespondenz said Hull showed a
"narrow mental horizon" in his
speech, and attacked his' "endeavors
to act the role of moral preacher to
the rest 'of the world."
Fascists of Italy saw the speech as
an attack upon the "have not" na-
tions Italy and Germany. In Tokyo
the Japanese Foreign Office spokes-
man said briefly "Mr. Hull is an ideal-
ist" and that his speech contained
nothing "not included in (his) re-
cent pronouncements."

d

14
Traffic Group
Panel Treats
SchoolSafety
Day's Activities Concluded
With Picnic; AAA Brake
Testing Is Demonstrated,
A panel discussion oft "School and
Child Safety," demonstrations of
drivers' training cars and brake re-
action tests, climaxed by a picnic,
filled out yesterday's program of the
National Institute for Traffic Safe-
ty Training.
The picnic was held at the German
Park, and members of the Institute
were guests of the Ann Arbor Police
Department for the afternoon.
Panel Members
Members of the panel, which met
in the main ballroom at the Union,
included Burton W. Marsh, director of
the Safety and Traffic Engineering
department of the American Automo-
bile Association, who acted as chair-
man; Thomas W. Pyle, principal of
the Bethesda-Chevy Chase, Md., high
school, who represented the Highway
Education Board; Miss Marion Tel-
ford, director of the education divi-
sion of the National Safety Council;
Dr. F. R. Neffsinger, in charge of
school safety programs, of the Ameri-
can Automobile Association; Mr.
Otto W. Haisley, superintendent of
schools, Ann Arbor; and Mrs. James
Pettengill, president of the National
Congress of Parents and Teachers,
who was represented on the panel by
Mrs. P. S. Christianson.
Safety In Schools
Discussion centerec around the
status of safety education in the
schools and its effect on the death
rate, the legality and possible com-
pulsion of safety education in schpols,
and the relation of safety education
in the schools to private and official
agencies, to community and state
programs, and to home safety educa-
tion.
The demonstrations, which were'
conducted by C. A. Wickham, William
V. Emery, W. H. Connelly, and Dr.
F. R. Noff'singer, featured the use 'of
the AAA's brake reaction detonator,
driving skill tests, and the use of dual
control training cars.

Kiwanians Plan
3-Day Program
Here This Fall
Ruthven, Lloyd Douglas
To Address Visitors;
Students To Take Part '
University musical organizations
and ten prominent speakers are
scheduled to participate in the 21st
annual convention of the Michigan
district of Kiwanis International Oct.
9, 10 and 11, according to recently an-
nounced plans.
The Varsity band and glee club,
representing 170 student performers,
will present concerts for the conven-
tion which is expected to attract
1,000 Kiwanians and their wives to
this city.
President Ruthven and Dr. Lloyd
B. Douglas, formerly of Ann Arbor,
and author of "Magnificent Obses-
sion" and "Green Light," are to ad-
dress the visitors. Bennet O. Knudson
of Albert Lea, Minn., vice-president
of Kiwanis International, is to be a
special guest .
Other speakers include Grove Pat-
terson, editor of the Toledo Blade;
'Fritz' Crisler, head football coach;
Fred Wixsom, director of the Boys'
Club of Alpena; Carl Fritsche, De-
troit, managing director of the Na-
tional Farm Chemurgis Council; and
Prof. Howard Y. McClusky of the
School of Education.
Frank Percival Price, guest carillon-
eur this fall, will play a special pro-
gram for the Kiwanians. A three-day
women's program has been outlined
for wives of the visitors.
Stores Close Today
For Butler Funeral
All Ann Arbor stores will be closed
from 2 to 3 p. m. today during the
funeral services for W. Hackly Butler,
prominent local citizen and business
1man, who died Monday.
Rev. Frederick Cowin of the Church
of Christ, Disciples, will officiate at
the services to be held at the Dolph
funeral home where friends may call.
Burial will be made privately later.
The city hall flag will be flown at
half-staff until after the services.

Lou Ambers
Loses Crown
T o Armstrong
Negro Annexes 3rd Title,
Beating Courageous Foe
By WideMargin
MADISON SQUARE GARDEN,
New York, Aug. 17-(P)-Hammering
Henry Armstrong, the dusky dyia-
miter from Los Angeles, pounded out
a new chapter in fistic history to-
night by whipping gallant Lou Am-
bers of Herkimer, N. Y., for thej
world lightweight championship andj
thus becoming the first man to holdj
three-ring crowns at one and the same
time.
Bloody, arm-weary and nearly ex-
hausted from his efforts to stop the j
game title-defender, Armstrong em-
erged from 15 savage rounds of fight-
ing to win the unanimous official de-
cision, despite 'an erratic finish thatF
cost the little negro three roundson
penalties for hitting low and a spec-
tacular rally by Ambers.
Armstrong, although unable to fin-
ish his sturdy foe and actually hard-
pressed to save his winning margin
through the last five rounds, scored
two knockdowns and won decisively,j
notwithstanding the penalties assessed
against him for questionable tactics
and the partisan demonstration by a
majority of the crowd after the ver-
dict was announced. .
Ambers was knocked down in the;
fifth round, and saved by the bell,
which rang just one split second afterj
the champion was smashed to the
canvas by a right to the jaw.I
N.Y. Politician
Called Ally of
Dutch Schultz
Schultz Paid Hines $1000
At Meeting, Weinberg
Tells Dewey At Trial:
NEW YORK, Aug. 17.-(IP)-George
Weinberg, an associate of the late
Dutch Schultz, gangster, testified to-
day that James J. Hines, Tammany
leader, was present at a 1932 con-i
ference in Schultz's apartment at
which plans were made to "protect"
a multimillion-dollar policy syndi-
cate.
Weinberg, the second witness called
by Thomas E. Dewey, district at-
torney, at Hines conspiracy trial, de-
clared that $1,000 was passed to the
politician at the conference.
The appearance of the witness,
who was indicated with Hines, but
pleaded guilty and turned State's
evidence, brought Llo, di Paul Stryk-
er, defense counsel, to his feet with
a demand for a mistrial.
Defense Objection Rejected
The motion, based on tha legal ad-
missibility of Weinberg's testimony,
was overruled.
Earlier Justice Ferdinand Pecora,
of the Supreme Court, had halted
Dewey's examination of Wilfrid
Brunder, giant West Indian Negro,
who waxed rich in the policy game
in the days before Schultz and his
mob took control and turned policy
into a $100,000,000-alyear racket.
Pecora acceded to Stryker's insis-
tance that Dewey offer some evi-
dence of Hines' alleged conspiracy
before putting Brunder on the stand.
Explains Policy Game

While on the stand, Brunder wrote
out a policy ticketand then at Dew-
ey's direction explained th~e intrica-
cies of the betting of the pennies,
nickels, dimes and quartersywhich
piled up into millions annually.
Hines calmly kept his pale blue
eyes trained on Brunder, listening as
impassively as he had listened to
Dewey earlier recite the background
of the policy game and Hines' own
alleged connection with it.
Hines promised and gave police
protection and influenced and in-
timidated or bribed public officers,
Dewey charged.
Lindberghs Arrive
At Moscow Airport'
MOSCOW, Aug. 17.-UP)-Col.
Charles A. Lindbergn and Mrs. Lind-
bergh landed here tonight after a
flight by easy stages from Warsaw.
They arrived at 8:35 p.m., having
stopped en route at Minsk and Mo-
hilev.
Prir to their arrival their plans

All Literature
Is Universal,
Kang Asserts
Korean Literature Lacks
Individualism Existing
In Western Writings
Resembles Chinese,
Japanese Works
That narrow nationalism is lacking
in any literature and that all litera-
ture is universal, was pointed out yes-
terday by Prof. Younghill Kang of
New York University in the third of
a series of lectures on Korea.
Korean literature, he continued, is
not akin to Occidental literature in
that it is lacking in the development{
of individualism, a feature of the
western type. Korean literature in
this respect is more like that of China
and Japan.
Professor Kang traced the lack of
individualism in Oriental writing to
the facts that unlike the type of life
led in western countries where the
strongest man and bravest fighter
won the most beautiful woman, in
the Orient marriages were arranged
for the individual and the stress of
competitive loving and living was
greatly reduced. Thus action as plot
material, he said, is a minor consider-
ation among the Far Eastern writers.
As a result, individualism, practically
always present in the work of the
Occidentals, is conspicuously absent
in the work of the Koreans.
The Koreans have historical novels,
lyrics and plays as we do in the west.
However, there is a world of differ-
ence in the form they take in the'east,
he remarked, especially in the matter
of setting.
The oldest written book, Professor
Kang asserted, is a Korean book,
proving that movable type was first
invented in Korea. The esteem and
veneration with which literature is
regarded in the Orient, said Professor
Kang, is clearly pointed out in the
fact that even the most ignorant per-
son will refuse to step on a printed
page and will go to extravagant
lengths to avoid doing so when he
finds one in his path.
The oldest' book in Korean is known
as Ko Ki, and is a history of the coun-
try written in 2333 B.C. The volume
has little literary value but much
historical significance.
Sketch Exhibit
To Open Today
Local Industrial Scenes To
Be Predominant
The annual exhibition of the sum-
mer class in outdoor sketching of the
College of Architecture will be on dis-
play beginning today in the main
corridor of the architecture building.
The class, numbering 26 students
this year, of whom over half are
graduates, was taught by Prof. Jean
Paul Slusser of the architecture col-
lege.
Most of the sketches, which num-
ber between 45 and 50, were done in
and around Ann Arbor. The relative
predominance of industrial subjects
as contrasted to so-called "pure land-
scapes" was attributed by Professor
Slusser to the greater vairiety of color
and form offered by the former type
of material. Railroad yards, gas
plants, river scenes and several
groups of farm buildings were espe-
I cially popular, he said.

Roosevelt Of f
For Dedication
Of New Bridge
May Praise St. Lawrence
Waterway Project
In Canada
ABOARD ROOSEVELT TRAIN en
route to Kingston, Ont., Aug. 17.-(A')
-President Roosevelt journeyed to-
ward Canada tonight to receive a
university degree, dedicate a bridge
and make two speeches in one of
which he may boost joint United
States-Canadian development of the
St. Lawrence River.
Some persons on the presidential
special speculated' that Mr. Roose-
velt might, while dedicating an inter-
national bridge across the St. Law-
rence River tomorrow afternoon,
comment on friendly relations be-
tween nations and reaffirm the Unit-
ed States' policy of the "good neigh-
bor."
Some believed, too, that he might
use the opportunity to praise the
project he has long favored of co-
operative development of the St. Law-
rence by this country and the Do-
minion-a development utilizing the
vast resources of the river for gener-
atkng power and expanding naviga-
tion.
The bridge speech will be the sec-
ond of the day. Before noon the
President will make an address at
Kingston, Ont., where he is to receive
a degree from Queen's University.
He will return to this country late
tomorrow and entrain for his home
at Hyde Park, N.Y., which he will
reach Friday morning. He expects
to remaindthere about two weeks.
Armies Locked
On 2 Spanish
Battle Fronts
Government Lines Stiffen,
Block Insurgent Drives
Along Ebro, Almaden
HENDAYE, France, (At the Span-
ish Frontier) Aug. 17--P)-Weary
Spanish government and Insurgent
troops locked in heavy fighting to-
night on two fronts-the Ebro Valley
struggle for a few sun-baked hills
and the'southern front contest for
the rich Almaden mercury mines.
Along the Ebro in Eastern Spain
the Government displayed continuing
strength which has enabled it to cap-
ture and hold strategic territory a-
round Gandesa for nearly a month.
In the South Insurgent General
Gonzalo Queipo De Llano, whose
troops were said by the Insurgents
to have captured 2,300 square miles
since their offensive began last month,
found the last few miles to Almaden
the hardest.
De Llano's troops tried to fight their
way up the valley o the Zujar River,
aiming at a little dirt road winding
over the hills toward Almaden, but
government resistance continued to
balk capture of the valuable mines.
In the North Insurgent General An-
dres Saliquet's central army stood on
the banks of the Guadiana river,
dried to little more than a trickle,
but laced an opposite shore bristling
with government machine-guns.
The Government's mountain troops,
perched on Castilblanco and San Si-
mon ridges to the north, kept up swift
guerrilla raids on the insurgent left
flank.

Germany Asks
Better Trade
RelationsWith
UnitedStates
Secretary Of State Says
U.S. Could Sell Cotton,
Wheat, Other Products
Urges Extension Of
Bilateralism Policy
BERLIN, Aug. 17.-(P)-The Secre-
tary of State in the German econom-
ics ministry pleaded tonight for bet-
ter economic relations between the
United States and Germany.
In an impassioned address before
the American Chamber of Commerce
in Germany, Secretary Rudolf Brink-
mann said he believed that if rela-
tions were better, America couldrsell
at least three million bales of cotton
as well as metals, manufactured
goods, wheat, lard and canned goods
in Germany annually. (U.S. 197 got-
ton production was 18,109,092 bales).I
Depart From 'Dogma,'
He expressed the hope that the
United States would "depart from
rigid dogma" in trade relations with
Germany as she did in the cases of
Brazil and Italy, and give "greater
consideration to the principle of bi-
lateralism (exchange between two
nations) in trade with Germany."
Brinkmann, who headed the Ger-
man delegation which negotiatpd
German-English agreement on As-
trian debts, was understood in Ber-
lin to be concerned mainly, at pres-
ent, with German-American trade
agreement.
"The question of German-Ameri-
can economic understanding does not
seem unanswerable to us," he said.
One misunderstanding, he assert-
ed, was the American view that Ger-
man trade policy constituted discrim-
ination.
Need Forces Action
"Not mood," he explained, "but the
bitterest need forces us to direct
trade relations toward the principle
of bilateralism. Whoever was ready
to accept our goods in payment did
not have to worry about the sale of
1 his raw materials.
"Therefore, we thought we were
jutified in believing the American
Government, like the governments of
other countries, would be willing to
give greater consideration to the
principle of bilateralism in trade with
Germany-a hope in which we un-
fortunately have been disappointed.
"On the contrary. Germany ap-
pehred on the blacklist of the De-
partment of State, which after the
recent disappearance of Australia it
now adorns in lonely grandeur.
'Remarkable Elasticity'
"However, since recent American
trade policy has been characterized
by remarkable elasticity, as expressed
for example in recognition of the for-
eign exchange control system of Bra-
zil and, more recently, Italy, we would
like to express the hope that this wel-
come departure from rigid dogma al-
so will benefit future German-Ameri-
can trade discussions.
"Like Mr. Hull (Secretary of State
Hull) we believe the reduction and
leveling of tariff rates is an impor-
a most favored nation clause an im-
tant factor for the revival of world
trade, and like Mr. Hull we consider
por ant means of attaining this aim."

Examination Schedule

Recitation Hour 8 9 10 11
Examination Time Thurs d ay Friday Thurs d ay Friday
8-10 8-10 2-4 2-4
RHAll other
Recitation Hour 1 2 3hours
Examination Time Thursday Thursday Friday Friday
4-6 10-12 10-12 4-6
Deviations from the above schedule are not permitted. All classes will
continue regularly until the examination period.
IMPORTANT NOTICE TO STUDENTS
CREDIT COUPONS-
In the Graduate School, in the College of Literature, Science and the
Arts, College of Architecture, and in the Schools of Education, Business
Administration, Forestry and Conservation, and in the School of
- -_ . . .,..e-- ..-1 - - A-- r ha C mn r. po - n will hp

First Complete Dinosaur Skeleton
Arrives At University Museums
The fossilized bones of a 40-foot- dinosaur's death, probably' caused
long duck-bill dinosaur that roamed when the duck-bill became mired in.
the swamplands of Montana a hun- a swamp.
dred million years ago have recently Deposition of sediment strata on
drred million years agonave rueentstop of the carcass, with the ultimate
arrived at the University Museums development of tremendous pressure,
building where they will be assembled aused the mineralization of bones
to form-with the-xception of aI and their consequent preservation. A
piece of the tail-Michigan's first piece of the tail of another reptile
complete dinosaur skeleton, in the same fossil bed will replace
The arrival of the remains, weigh- the duck-bill's missing section, and
ing approximately 8,000 pounds, cul- complete the skeleton.
minmates the summer's work of a The Mesozoic period, with its "age
University expedition, headed by of reptiles," was typified by dinos-
Prof. E. C. Case, chairman of the saurs of greatly varying size and liv-
geology department, in the Fort Peck ing habits which were the first form
fossil fields near Glasgow, Mont. of land mammals after the amphib-
Most of the bones, which were found ians. The 40-foot duck-bill was
in their proper positions, had to be among the largest of the reptiles and
chiseled from surrounding bed-rock was a vegetation-eater. Footprint
by hand. The four-foot skull alone impressions and scattered bone fos-

Japs Bog Down
Near Changsha
Planes, However, Fiercely
Bomb Chinese City
SHANGHAI,, Aug. 18-(Thursday)
-UP)-Japanese forces ordered to take
Changsha, capital of Hunan prov:
ince, were bogged down today many
miles from their objective.
The invaders' naval air force, how-
ever, raced over the heads of the
struggling Japanese infantrymen and
fiercely bombed the city; which lies
about 200 miles southwest of Kiu-
'iang and about the same distance
south and slightly west of Hankow.
Kiukiang is the Yangtze River base
of Japanese operations against Han-
kow, the Chinese provisional capital.
The Japanese China Sea fleet head-
quarters in its report on the Chang-
sha raid said:
"Despite bad weather, the flyers
showered tons of bombs on Chang-
sha's East and Sioth rail statinns

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