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June 29, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1938-16-29

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The Weather
Fair, not quite so cool Th
cloud and wrer. rty
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVHIL No. 3 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 29, 1938
sho eak Indecision Marks Wars On Both B Barla Director Speaks Sunda Astronomy Is Topic
On Pintig h Spanish And Chinese rnir nyVriyE
Japs Drive Up Yangtze Loyalists And Insurgents +' '
15th Centur a Despite Opposition Deadlock Near Valencia Golf Qualifier"Air

Editorials
e Middle
The Road
PRICE FIVE CENTS
bmberlain
battled On

v
Discusses Methods A n d
Styles Of The European
Typesetting Pioneers
Compares Them
To 'Business Man'
Characterizing the 15th century
printer as a "business man," Dr. Wil-'
liam W. Bishop, University librarian,
depicted the final triumph of the
printed book over the manuscript at
the beginning of the 16th century."
Dr. Bishop's lecture was the second in
the Summer Session lecture series.
The lecture, first of 12 to be given
in conjunction with the Graduate
Conference in Studies of the Renais-,.
lance, was illustrated by slides of
famous books and manuscripts in
possession of foreign and domestic
libraries.
Dr. Bishop pointed out that the
printers of the 15th century went
after patronage much as the modern;
business man, copying characters and
decorations of manuscripts to make
their printed works readily accept-
able to the people. When printing
ecclesiastical works, he said, the
printers would decorate the books in
ornate fashion, after the style dic-c
tated by the manuscript, at that
time popular with the people.
Dr. Bishop described the evolution
of type out of wood block upon whicht
the letters had been engraved and
then transposed to paper.
Printerscentering mainly around
Mainz in Germany and in the lowt
countries, Belgium and Holland, were
given credit by the speaker for pro-r
viding the primary stimulus to the
rise of the printed page. The Guten-
berg Bible, printed by a German
about 1450, was termed by Dr. Bishop
"the first great printed work." t
As evidence of the final ascendancy
of printed books over manuscripts,
Dr. Bishop cited a volume published
by a-Grman as early as 1470 in -
which it was stated advertised as
completely printedand not contain-
ing so much as "the scratch of a
pen.
0F
Resignation Of
Snell To BringL
Liberal Head 't
WASHINGTON, June 28.-(P)-At-
tempts to liberalize the House Re-
publicans leadership in the 1939 Con-
gress appeared likely today as a re-
sult of the retirement of Rep. Ber-
trand H. Snell, minoriy leader.
Snell, outspoken critic of Roose-
velt policies, announced he would not
be a candidate for reelection. After
24 years in Congress, he said, he had
decided to devote himself to his va-
ried business interests in Northern
New York.
Politicians, speculating as to Snell's
successor, recalled the efforts made
in 1936 by Rep. Hamilton Fish (Rep.)
New York, to replace him with a
leader favoring a "more progressive"
program. The insurgent movement,
however, was unsuccessful.
Martin Mentioned
Among the few congressmen still
in Washington, the first name gen-
erally mentioned for Snell's post was
that of Rep. Joseph W. Martin of
Massachusetts, assistant minority
leader.nHe is 53 years old; Snell is 67.
Friends of Martin asserted his po-
litical viewpoint was liberal enough
to satisfy all factions of the party.
They noted that while he opposed
many Roosevelt measures, he sup-
ported much of the President's so-
cial legislation, including the wage-
hour bill signed Saturday by the
President.
Martin, a newspaper publisher at
North Attleboro, Mass., began his

political career in the Massachusetts
House of Representatives in 1912. He
entered Congress in 1924.
He was Alf M. Landon's .eastern
manager , in the 1936 presidential
campaign and now is chairman of the
Republican Congressional Commit-
tee.
Other Possibilities
Other possible candidates for
Snell's post are Rep. James W. Wads-
worth, of New York, chairman of the
Republican policy committee; Rep.
Carl E. Mapes, of Michigan, dean of
the House Republicans; Rep. John

SHANGHAI, June 29. (Wednesday)
-(P)--Chinese troops fought desper-
ately today in an effort to recapture
one of the several forts defending the
Matowchen Boom, important barrier
blocking the Japanese drive up the
Yangtze river against Hankow.
The Matowchen Boom, formed of
sunken rock-laden junks, is 175 miles
downriver from the provisional cap-
ital.
Chinese admitted in Hankow that
d heavy Japanese assault had result-
ed in the capture of one of the forts
at Matowchen, but maintained that
the boom still held. They said a
counteroffensive was l a u n c h e d
against the fort immediately.
The Yangtze River continued to
rise, which would facilitate move-
ment of Japanese gunboats past the
boom, but land batteries and float-
ing mines still constituted serious ob-
stacles.
Foreign military observers, as a re-
sult, considered the Matochwen's fate
depended upon the success of Ja-
panese land forces attempting to ad-
vance up the north and south banks
of the river.
The Japanese, however, were hav-
ing difficulty on both banks of the
river. The Japanese admitted one of
their columns had been surrounded
on the south bank and was saved
only when Japanese planes and re-
inforcements arrived.
The Chinese reported the Japanese
also were bogged down on the north
banks with a large number of troops
surrounded on the shores of Lake Po.
Japanese reinforcements attempt-
ing to land at Wushantze were said
by the Chinese to have been repulsed,
while another attempted landing,
near Tungliu, was said to have been
thwarted. The Chinese said they
sank seven Japanese motorboats and
killed 100 men.
A Japanese navy communique said
three Chinese bombers were shot
down in dogfights over Nnking, 215
miles down river from Hankow, when
Chinese .attempted to bomb Japan-
ese warships concentrated there.
Chinese air force officers said a
"dare-to-die" Chinese flier sank a
Japanese gunboat in the Yangtze
River near Anking Monday by de-
liberately plunging his burning
bomb-ladden plane onto the vessel's
deck.
Meanwhile, Chinese reported grad-
ual reoccupation of areas in the tri-
angle south of the Lunghai railway
and east of the Peiping-Hankow,
broadening the protection of Cheng-
chow, where the two railroads cross.
Lovell Given A.I.E.E.
Vice-President Post
A. H. Lovell. assistant dean and
secretary of the College of Engineer-
ing, was elected vice-president of the
American Institute of Electrical En-
gineers at the annual meeting of the
Institute, held the latter part of this
month in Washington, D.C.
Dean Lovell, who has just left with
Mrs. Lovell for a seven week tour of
Europe, will represent the Great
Lakes District No. 5 for the term of
two years, beginning Aug. 1.
Dr. John C. Parker, vice-president
of the Consolidated Edison Co. of
New York City, N.Y., was elected
president of the Institute at the
meeting.

HENDAYE, France, (At the Span-
ish Frontier), June 28.-(jA)-A fit-
ful struggle under a blazing Span-
ish sun shifted back and forth to-
day across the Barren Sarrion war
sector and when night fell thousands
of sweating men were still deadlocked
in a contest for one of the main high-
ways to Valencia.
The Sarrion sector, about 50 miles
northwest of Valencia on the high-
road from Teruel, centers on a stra-
tegic peak, La Muela de Sarrion-
literally, Sarrion's Tooth-and is
highly fortified but now stripped of
foliage and dotted with shellholes.
Aside from Sarrion's Tooth, the
only outstanding landmark is the
steeple of the church in the town of
Sarrion, which somehow has been

spared in the rain of shells.
While Valencia's defenders

andI

would-be besiegers continued theirJ
deadly stalemate there, Generalissi--t
mo Franco's Insurgents were inch-I
ing closer to the seaport metropolis
along the coast to the north, with onek
advanced force about five miles from
the town of Nules, on the coastal
highway to Valencia's north.-
Nules is about 26 miles from Va-
lencia. To gain this threatening po-
sition the Insurgents executed a sur-
prise attack between Onda and Bechiz
while the Government's attention was
distracted by a feint toward the vil-'
lage of Tales, just southwest of Onda.
The Government held out at Tales
against a sudden drive but was forcedr
to yield the well fortified Pastorat
Hills' dominating both Artana and
Bechi. Artana is but 28 miles from
Valencia.
Tolan .Contractst
To Race Owens
Former Michigan Century,
Champ Defends Title
DETROIT, June 28.-(AP)-Eddie
Tolan, former University of Michi-
gan track star who won the 100 andl
200 meter races at the 1932 Olympict
Games, today signed a contract to
defend his world's professionall
sprinting title against Jesse Owens,E
Ohio State's 1936 Olympic cham-
pion, at Melbourne, Australia next
March.
The contract contains a clause that
permits him 10 weeks to regain hisl
former condition and if he is unsuc-
cessful he can withdraw, the NegroI
speedster said. Owens, Tolan said,
has signed unconditionally.7
Tolan said that.he planned to sail
for Melbourne on Nov. 1. During
the second week in March he plans
to run in five major professional
meets,, afterward meeting Owens for
the title Tolan won on a previous
trip to Australia.
Tolan said he would start training
immediately.
FISHERMEN RESCUE TWO
BENTON HARBOR, June 28.-(VP)1
-Plunged into the waters of Paw,
Paw last Monday night when their
steel rowboat capsized and sank, Har-
vey Bevilhymer and Paul Lanpher,
both of Benton Harbor, were rescued
by two men who were fishing nearby.

Cards 152 Total To Enter
Round Of 32; Palmer
Fades With An 82
Turnesa, Oehmig
Win Medal Honors
An Easterner and a Southerner,
one by virtue of a brilliant come-
bacl and the other through consis-
tent shotmaking, stroked into,.a tie
today for medalist honors at the end
of the 36-hole qualifying round for
the 41st National Intercollegiate golf
championship at Louisville, Ky.
Firing the only sub-par golf of the
round of medal play, Willie Turnesa,
of Elmsford, N.Y., and Holy Cross,
finished early with a 145 total only
to be deadlocked for the trophy a few
minutes later by Lew Oehmig, of
Chattanooga, Tenn., and the Univer-
sity of Virginia.
Field Cut To 32
The field was cut down to the 321
low scorers tonight for a lineup of
16 matches to start championship
elimination in the first round tomor-
row morning at 18 holes. The second
round is scheduled for the afternoon,
with the quarterfinals at 36 holes
Thursday.
Bill Barclay, semi-finalist last year,
was the only University of Michigan
man to qualify. Barclay added a 79
to his 73 of yesterday to give him a
36-hole total of 152. Bob Palmer of
Michigan, who was tied for second
yesterday with a 73, added a disas-
terous 82 today to dispel his chances.
Al Karpinski, Michigan captain,
carded a 77 today to give himself a
total of 158. Lynn Riess, University
of Michigan sophomore, had a 78 for
158. Jim Loar shot a 76 for a total
of 162; Bill Black duplicated his
first round 82 for a 164 total; Ken
Johnson matched his first day's 83
for 166; Tom Tussing added an 80 to
his 87 "for a 167- total.
Stanford Wins Team Trophy
Paul Leslie of Louisiana State, run-
nersup for the championship for the
last two years, failed to qualify by
taking a disastrous 80 to add to his
opening 75, and Edward J. Flowers of
Michigan State, the first day's lead-
er with a 72, dissipated his medalist
chances with a second-round 78.
Stanford won the team trophy with
a record score of 601, an average of
just one stroke over 75 for the four
low-scoring players. The former
mark was 611, established by Michi-
gan three years. Northwestern was
second with 609 and Louisiana State
third with 615.
Auto Workers'
Rift Nears ourt

PROF. LOUIS A. HOPKINS
- * *
Hopkins To Address
Convocation Vesper

DR. HEBER D. CURTIS
* * *
Curtis To S epeak

Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, will address the]
Convocation Vespers to be held at
7:30 p.m. Sunday in the Graduate
School. Dr. Hopkins will speak on
"The Dawning Renaissance."
Professor David Mattern will be int
charge of the music, assisted by the
University orchestra and chorus. Dr.I
William P. Lemon, president of theI
Ann Arbor Ministerial Association,t
will offer the invocation.i
Two other convocation vespers will
be held this summer on the library
terrace ,the first Sunday, July 17, andI
the second Sunday, Aug. 7.1
MoodyJacobSt
Take Matches
At Wimbledon
Alice Marble Also Wins;
Budge To Play Puncec
In Semi-Finals Today '
WIMBLEDON, England, .tune 28-
(--California all but annexed the
tennis world today..
Helen Wills Moody's contribution
was the British Empire. She thrashed
pretty Kay Stammers, 6-2, 6-1. 1
Alice Marble took care of the
French. She routed Mme. Rene Ma-
thieu, 6-2, 6-3.
Helen Jacobs chased Jadwiga Jed-
rzejowska down the Polish corridor,
6-2, 6-3.
And just when the little Sarah Pal-
frey Fabyan was marching on Ger-
many and Denmark, a gust of wind
blew her away and Hild Krahwinkel
Sperling, tall, angular German girl,
who married a Dane, beat her, 4-6,
6-4, 6-4.
Marble, Itody Favored ,
Thus at the end of one of America's
great days at Wimbledon only Mme.i
Sperling stood out against the chal-;
lenge of the "big three" in women's
singles.
Miss Jacobs will play Miss Marble
in the semi-finals on Thursday, while
Mrs. Moody is attempting to stop
Mme. Sperling, who beat her in the
recent London championships.
The odds favor Miss Marble and
Mrs. Moody to win but Wimbledon
is hoping that Miss Jacobs comes
through and gets a chance to avenge
her historic defeat by Mrs. Moody in
the 1935 finals. Mrs. Moody won that
particular match and her seventh
Wimbledon championship with a
spectacular rally in the third set.
U.S. Women Dominate
From any viewpoint, the United'
States has the women's situation un-
der control. Tomorrow Don Budge,
who has been controlling the men's
department all along, will play Fer-
enc Puncec, of Yugoslavia, for the
right to meet the winner of the Hen-
ner Henkel-Bunny Austin match in
the finals Friday.
"I feel at last that I am back on
my game," Miss Jacobs said after her
first match. "I feel at last that I
know -where they are going."

On Astronom y
Lecture Today To Be 3rd
In Summer Series
Dr. Heber D. Curtis, director of
University observatories, will deliver
the third lecture of the Summer Ses-
sion series when he speaks at 4:30
p.m. today in the Graduate School
Auditorium on "Astronomy in Mo-
tion Pictures." His lecture will be
illustrated.
On May 3 Dr. Curtis gave the 13th
annual Russell lecture when the Hen-
ry Russell Award for meritorious
work by an assistant professor or in-
structor was presented to Prof.
Franklin Davis Johnston of the Medi-
cal School. Dr. Curtis' subject at
that time was "Receding Horizons."
The Summer Session lecture series
will be continued at 4:30 p.m. to-
morrow when Prof. J. N. Douglas
Bush of Harvard University will
speak on "Modern Theories of the
Renaissance." This lecture will be
the second in a series of 12 presented
in conjunction with the Graduate
Conference in Studies on the Re-
naissance.
Seeky Sample's
Impeachmeant
State Union Cites Judge's
Ann Arbor Decisions
FLINT, June 28.-(P-The Michi-
gan Federation of Typographical Un-1
ions, adopting a resolution charging
Circuit Judge George W. Sample with
"use of his court as a strike-breaking
agency," ordered its officers today to
seek the jurist's impeachment.
The resolution, referring to Judge
Sample's decisions in a Typographi-
cal Union's dispute with the Ann Ar-
bor Press, acused him of issuing "vi-
cious ex-parte injunctions against
labor" and said he "ignored recent
United States Supreme Court deci-
sions by enjoining a National Labor
Relations Board hearing."
Framers of the resolution were Em-
il Kuchar of Ann Arbor, Clarence
Clark of Lansing and'Harry Reifin of
Detroit, Federotion secretary.
NLRB Ousts Company
Union At Bay City Plant
WASHINGTON, June 28-(P)-The
National Labor Relations Board or-
dered the Electric Auto-Lite Co., at
Bay City, today to abolish the Bay
Federation, an independent labor or-
ganization, as a representative of its
employees in collective bargaining.
The Board also directed the Com-
pany to terminate a contract nego-
tiated between the Company and the
Federation last September.
The company also was required to
post notice it will cease interfering
with its employees' rights to join labor
organizations of their own choosing.
The Board ruled that the company
dominated the Federation and that a
plant superintendent warned against
workers joining the CIO's United
Auto Workers Union.

Spanish Issues
Duchess Of Atholl Charges
Insurgent Cannons Point
At Isle Of Gibraltar
Rocky Road Seen
For Chamberlain
LONDON, June 284-(A)M-The
Duchess of Atholl, who last year
sponsored a blockade-running ven-
ture of a British freighter carrying
food to besieged Bilbao, charged in
the House of Commons today that
Spanish Insurgent guns are pointed
menacingly at Gibraltar.
The' Duchess, first woman to break
Scottish tradition by entering public
office, filed a question which she
will ask Prime Minister Cham-
berlain tomorrow, demanding to know
what. he intends to do about the
threat to Britain's fortress at the
western entrance to the Mediterran-
ean.
A Cabinet-Commons clash of first
magnitude, added to the flood of
Spanish war problems, is swirling
around Prime Minister Chamberlain,
Britain's apostle of "realism."
Chamberlain agreed today to fight
out the new domestic issue, a com-
plicated quarrel over anti-aircraft
defenses for the British Isles, with a
comiittee inquiry into an implied
threat to invoke the rigid official sec-
rets act against a member of parlia-
ment.

UAW Leader Files
Against Ousted

Charges
Five

Slosson Denies Soviet Policy Is
Either Inconsistent Or Irrational,

"U

Terms Russian Military
Power Uncertain Factor
For Next World War
Russia's present policy of collective
security in cooperation with the dem-
ocratic powers is not inconsistent or
irrational, Prof. Preston W. Slosson
of the history department said in a
lecture before Alumni University stu-
dents here last week.
The Soviet's switch from isolation
and the fight for a Communist In-
ternational in this decade is merely
a further example of her willingness
to use any means to attain her goal,
was the opinion of Professor Slos-
son. Soviet Russia's ends are fixed,
he said; her means follow the dic-
tates of realistic opportunism.
Russia realizes that its most for-
midable enemy now is fascism, Pro-
fessor ; Slosson indicated, and the

DETROIT, June 28.-(P)-The bat-
tle between two warring factions for
control of the United Automobile
Workers (CIO) neared a showdown
today as a spokesman for President
Homer Martin disclosed that charges
against five suspended international
executive board officers would be filed
tomorrow.
Martin remained silent as to the
chargee and it was said at UAW
headquarters that he would not dis-
cuss the accusations before the sus-
pended officers present their case
to the executive board.
The Union constitution provides
that counsel retained by the five
ousted officials will have 15 days to
prepare his case. Either Martin or
Larry S. Davidow, UAW attorney,
will prosecute the charges before the
executive board. Maurice Sugar, for-'
mer member of the UAW legal staff,
has been retained by the suspended
officers to represent them.
Meanwhile, the "peace faction,"
which was formed over the week-end
to halt the internal warfare report-
ed progress.
Reports were that 47 locals who
have joined in theamove for peace
would call for immediate reinstate-
ment of the group of five. headed by
Richard T. Frankensteen,hformerly
second in command to Martin in
UAW affairs. The program also asks
intervention of John L. Lewis, CIO
chief, as a mediator in the event that
negotiations fail to bring a peaceful

Almost at the same time, the war
ffice headed by suave Leslie Hore-
elisha, announced a military court
would probe a leak of secret defense
ata into the hands of the ,member
d parliament, Duncan Sandys, a con-
ervative and son-in-law of Winston
hurchill.
This affair directly involved the
hp-and-coming Hore-Belisha and the
,nti-aircraft guns with which. the
rar minister proposes to defend 45,-
00,000 Britons against bombing
)lanes in event of war.
Some members of the Parliamen-
;ary opposition saw a clear parallel
between the Sandys case and the
Campbell case" which resulted in
verthrow of the first MacDonald
overnment in 1924.
As in the present case, it involved
i motion for inquiry by a select com-
nittee. The "Campbell case" con-
,erned an unsuccessful attempt to
prosecute an editor for publication of
n article exhorting soldiers not to
ire on workers in wartime.
Sandys charged that Attorney
Deneral Sir Donald Somervell threat-
ened to use the secrets law to gag
him as an instance of what they
ermed repression of criticism which
ight ultimately break the present
government. -
With Britain's seagoing pride stung
by attacks on 59 British merchant
ships-with a loss of 36 lives-since
he Spanish war started,, Chamber-
ain pressed Insurgent Generalissimo
Franco to tell him why British ships
were targets.
But Franco's reply, which 'said
Robert M. Hodgson, Britain's semi-
liplomatic voice at Burgos, was or-
dered to bring back post haste, may
not touch on the larger issue involv-
ing use of German and Italian planes
and airmen in aerial warfare.
Surplus Foods,
Come Vto .State
Federal Corporation Aids
Needy OfMichigan
LANSING, June 28.-(A9-Fifty
million pounds of foodstuffs will be
shipped into the state by the Fed-
eral Surplus Commodities Corpora-
tion within the next two months for
free distribution to the needy, Gov-
ernor Murphy announced today.
The Governor said he did not be-
lieve the gifts would reduce individual
relief' budgets.
A shipment of-5,400,000 quarters of
milk powder will be made early in
July, he said. Other fpodstuffs con-
sist of :
Wheat flour, 17,640,000 pounds;
graham flour, 7,644,0004 pounds;

i
t
T
1
5
t:

Wolverine Eating Cooperative,
Offers First Summer Service.

The Michigan Wolverine, student
cooperative dining club, will offer its
services to summer school students
for the first time since its origin in
1932, John Sheibe, president, stated
yesterday. He said the organization

the club was found across the street
from Lane Hall at Chubb's property.
The students, with the financial aid
of interested faculty members and
townspeople, were able to purchase
the entire Chubb building.

I I

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