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August 12, 1938 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1938-08-12

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Weather
Fair, moderate temperature to-
day; tomorrow fair and warmer.

L

01k ig Aan

iZ~ait

Editorial
Horror From
The Air..,

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVIII. No. 40 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN FRIDAY, AUG. 12, 1938

PRICE--FIVE CENTS

-------

Cold Peace Rules
Siberia's Border
As Fighting Stops

Midnight Truce Halts Open
War Between Japan And
Russia In Manchoukuo
Commission Picked
To Mark Boundary
TOKYO, Aug. 1-(R)-Japanese
and Russian troops kept a tense peace
tonight separated by only a few hun-
dred yards of shell-torn no-man's
land on the Manchoukuo-Siberia bor-
der.
Scarcely 75 yards divided them at
one point.
The Japanese War Office said fir-
ing ceased in accord with a Japanese-
Soviet midnight truce reached in
Moscow by the Japanese Ambassador,
Shigemitsu, and Foreign Commissar
Maxim Litvinoff.
Warfare halted exactly one month
after the first outbreak at Changku-
feng July 11. Since July 29 heavy
fighting had been almost continuous
theatening a major Russo-Japanese
conflict.
The truce reached by the Soviet
Foreign Commissar and the Japan-
ese Ambassador provided for frontier
marking by a four-man commission
including two Russians and two Jap-
anese-Manchoukuans, the foreign of-
fice said.
A feeling of general relief was ap-
parent throughout Tokyo, already
deeply involved in the second year of
an undeclared war in China.
There was no surprise expressed,
however, for authorities consistently
have maintained that the Siberian
frontier fighting merely was a magni-
fied border incident which would be
settled across the conference table
Lnstead of on the battlefield -
Moscow Optimistic
MOSCOW, Aug. 11-(A')-An at-
mosphere of cautious optimism per-
vaded Moscow tonight as a truce
halted Soviet-Japanese warfare on
the frontier between Far Eastern
Siberia and Japanese-supported Man-
choukuo.
Though direct reports from the
battle zone yere lacking, it was as-
sumed that fighting ceased as agreed
by Foreign Commissar Maxim Litvin-
off and Japanese Ambassador Mam-
oru Shigemitsu after lengthy peace
negotiations.
(The Japanese War Office in Tokyo
announced all quiet along the dis-
puted frontier when Russian and
Japanese troops stopped fighting sep-
arated only by a few hundred yards
of no-man's land.)
Among foreign diplomats and mili-
tary observers it washoped fervent-
ly that the border warfare had end-
ed, 'but some hesitated to celebrate
peace until several days have passed
without further outbreaks along the
frontier where Soviet-Japanese fric-
tion is long-standing.
Observers with a long memory of
Far Eastern border disputes pointed
out that a truce on one point along
the twisting Siberian frontier some-
times was only a prelude to new fight-
ing on another point.
Others suggested that much de-
pends on the way the commanders of
Japanese Kwantung and Korean ar-
mies react to the truce effected byI
their diplomats.
French Group
Hears Rainguet
French Consul Addresses
Members At Banquet
Terming the French House an en-
deavour which should be emulated
at educational institutions through-I
out the United States as a contribu-

-tion of culture, M. M. Rainguet,
French Consul at Detroit, last night
spoke briefly before more than 70
members of the Summer Session
French Club terminating their activi-
ties with a banquet in the Union.
Making his first official visit to
Ann Arbor, Mr. Rainguet was guest
of honor at the third annual ban-I
quet of the group, directed by Mr.

Attends Housing Parley

To Mexico City as the U.S. rep-
resentative at international housing
and town planning federation con-
ference will go Warren Jay Vinton
(above), economist with the U.S.
housing authority. He'll lead dis-
cussion on housing in tropical
countries.
Late Primary Returns
New Deal supporters in the
United States Senate won two'
contests and lost a third in Tues-
day's primary elections, accord-
ing to latest returns today.
Late tabulations gave Sen.
Hattie W. Caraway of Arkansas
a plurality of approximately 8,-
000 votes over Rep. John L. Mc-
Lellan in her race for the Demo-
cratic nomination to succed her-
self.
President Roosevelt referred to
Mrs. Caraway during his recent
transcontiental tour as "my very
old friend."
Another Administration stal-
wart, Sen. Robert Bulkley, won
renomination by a tremendous
majority over former Gov. George
White in Ohio's Democratic pri-
mary. A late tabulation gave
Bulkley 523,715 votes to 199,716
for White.
Sen. James P. Pope, another
supporter of Administration mea-
sures, went down to defeat in
Idaho's Democratic primary. His
successful opponent was Rep. D.
Worth Clark, a self-styled con-
servative.
Fielding Yost Feted
At Coaching School
Fielding H. Yost, Michigan's one-
man football tradition, was back at
an old stamping ground yesterday as
West Virginia University,. still claim-
ing "the old man" as a native son of
its own hills, made the Michigan men-
tor hoxior guest at a "Yost Day" ban-
quet held in connection with the
University's football coaching school.
Discoursing on his favorite theme
of athletics for all, Yost told the as-
sembled coaches, writers and friends
that America must look to athletics
as a necessary recreation when the
United States of the future confers
many additional hours of freedom up-
on its workers.

FDR Rejects,
George;Starts
Party_'Purge'
Charges Incumbent Does
NotsRate As 'Liberal';
tAdvises Backing Caip
Snubs Candidacy
Of Gov. Talmadge
BARNESVILLE, Ga., Aug. 11.-(P)
-President Roosevelt for the first
time called vigorously today for the
defeat of a Democratic Senator he
feels does not meet the tests of lib-
eralism-and his challenge was
promptly accepted.
Mr. Roosevelt told perspiring sand
cheerigg thousands assembled here
for a rural electrification celebration
he felt Sen. Walter F. George should
not be returned to the seat he has oc-
cupied 16 years and added firmly "I
most assuredly would vote for Law-
rence Camp" in Georgia's Sept. 14
primary.
Senator George sat impassively on
the platform through the President's
hard-hitting speech and at its con-
clusion walked across to the party
chief, snook hands with him and said:
"Mr. Roosevelt," I regret that yout
have taken this occasion to question
my Democracy and to attack my pub-
lic record. I want you to know that I
accept the challenge." .
The President's answer was lost in
the confusion of many persons mov-
ing across the platform but Senator
George later told newsmen Mr. Roose-
velt replied: -
"God bless you, Walter. Let's al-
ways be friends."
In making the young Federal dis-t
trict attorney from'Atlanta his choice
for the office, the Chief Executivet
frowned also on the candidacy oft
former Gov. Eugene Talmadge. He did
not mention the fourth man in the
race. William G. McRae, Atlanta at-
torney and Townsend Plan advocate.
It was the second Georgia speech
of the day for the Washington-bound
President who is returning from a
cross-country vacation and a Pacific
fishing cruise. This morning at
Athens he received an honorary Doc-
torate of Laws from the state univer-
sity, renewed previous appeals for a
sharp improvement in Southern ec-
onomic standards and called for "con-
stant progressive action" in the na-
tional government.
Mr. Roosevelt frequently called
George "my friend" and said he "is
beyond doubt a gentleman and a
scholar" but "I am impelled to make
it clear that on most public questions
he and I do not speak the same lan-
guage."
Camp as well as George sat onthe
platform-although neither had a
part in the program-while the Chief
Executive took the offensive for the
first time in this year's primary bat-
ties.- Heretofore he has said good
words for Administration stalwarts
but has not publicly sought the de-
feat of incumbent dissenters.
BULLETIN
IIANKOW, China, Aug. 11-UP)
-Japanese air raiders today ex-
acted a heavy toll of dead and
injured in a swift attack on the
industrial heart of China-the
Wuhan tri-cities.
Unofficial estimates said 400
persons were killed or injured.
Three United States mission
properties were badly damaged
when 27 Japanese planes, heavily
loaded, dropped their cargoes on
Hanyang and Wuchang at the
confluence of the Han and

Yangtze rivers.

Traffic Parley
Inspects Tests
For Motorists
Administration Of Exams
Hit For Inefficiency And
Lacking Thoroughness
Role Of Psychology
In Traffic Drawn
Demonstration of standard drivers'
license examinations and of special-
ized technical,, clinical examination
for drivers with high accident records
were featured yesterday in the after-
noon session of the National Institute
for Traffic Safety Training.
The disadvantages and inefficient
aspects of the typical drivers' license
examination were discussed by J. S.
Baker, Traffic Safety Consultant for
the National Safety Council. Among
the defects listed were the usual lack
of thoroughness of such examina-
tions, the expense of a really thorough
examination, public objection to ex-
aminations that pass only qualified
drivers, and difficulty of obtaining
competent examiners.j
Color blindness tests used in con-1
nection with drivers' license exami-
nations are of little value, according
to Mr. Baker. Their purpose is simply
to point out to the driver that color'
blindness exists and that he must
compensate for it, he said. Accidents
resulting from color blindness alone
are extremely rare, Mr. Baker pointed
out.
A complete demonstration of an
up-to-date clinical examination was
presented by Alan Canty, traffic psy-
chotechnologist of the Detroit Re-
corders' Court. The psychiatric clinic
there has been operated since 1920
and has handled over 20,000 cases in
that time. In recent years special at-
tention has been paid to traffic of-
fenders, Mr. Canty said, and new tests
for drivers have been instituted.
"The psychologist doing traffic
(continued on Page 3)
Frankensteen
Guarded After
Bomb Incidents
Dusted Union Official Says
Explosion Was Intended
As An Intimidation Hint
DETROIT, Aug. 11.-UP)-Police to-
day maintained a guard about the
home -of Richard T. Frankensteen,
deposed international vice-president
of the United Automobile Workers
Union, after a black powder bomb ex-
ploded in a garage in the rear of
Frankensteen's home last night.
The garage was damaged, but no
harm was done to the house or its
occupants.
The explosion took place while
Frankensteen and his wife, their two
children who were asleep, Maurice
Sugar, Frmnkensteen's attorney, and
Mrs. Dorothy Kraus were in the
house. Sugar and Frankensteen were
going over a radio speech which
Frankensteen made tonight. Mrs.
Kraus is a stenographer.
"I believe the bombing was an at-
tempt to intimidate me," Franken-
steen asserted. "I have no reason
for accusing anyone in particular, but
I have no enemies except those in
the fight over UAW affairs."

Loyalists' Drive
Nearing Cabeza

For New University Dorms

$945,000 Grant Approved

By

Schools Constitute Cornerstone
Of Naziism, Schorling Contends

Lecturer Cites Difficulties
Of Isolating Institution
From The Social Pattern
By ELLIOTT MARANISS
Schools constitute the cornerstone
of the precarious house that Hitler is
building in Nazi Germany, Prof. Ra-
leigh Schorling, of the School of Edu-
cation, said in a lecture here yester-
day.
Declaring that it is impossible to
study any institution apart from the
wider social pattern, Professor Schor-
ling proceeded to evaluate the Nazi
educational system in terms of the
Linguists Find
Indian Survey
Revealing Test
Will Repeat Experiment
With American Indian
On Unwritten "Language
That this summer's experiment of
bringing to Ann Arbor an American
Indian for purposes of linguistic ob-
servation justifies similar action next
year was the conclusion reported at
the Linguistic Institute luncheon con-
feren'ce yesterday 'by Dr. Carl Voege-
lin of the department of anthropol-
ogy of De Pauw University and Dr.'
Zellig Harris of the department of
Semitic languages of the University
of Pennsylvania.
The current experiment was first
projected a year ago in response to
a demand for an opportunity to make
detailed observations of an unwrit-
ten language. As a result Dr. Voegelin
brought with him in June a Hidatsa
Indian from North Dakota. The In-
dian, Charles Snow or "Bear-Arm",
is by vocation a cowboy, but for the
past two months has busied himself
in enjoying life in Ann Arbor and in
providing examples of Hidatsa lan-
guage for Voegelin and Harris.
Such a project is of great value,
Dr. Voegelin told the Institute mem-
bers, because it brings the subject out
of the generally difficult fieldjcondi-
tions into a place where severalre-
corders can collaborate and where
they can check with various linguistic
experts with respect to accuracy of
results, It is, Dr. Harris added, par-
ticularly advantageous for scholars
whose linguistic training has been
exclusively with written languages.
Some of the linguistic peculiarities
of Hidatsa, which is a Dakota lan-
(Continued on Page 3)

peculiar society it springs from and
which it is intended to serve. That
the schools are definitely and frankly
an instrument of the National So-
cialist Party is an obvious fact, Pro-
fessor SchorliAg said, that is denied
by no one, and that is evidenced in
textbooks, curriculum and classroom
procedure.
If one accepts the basic Nazi as-
sumption that ' Hiter is a man of
destiny, the spearhead of the attack
upon the "only" problem of the world
-the 'orderly, systematic develop-
ment of civilization versus engulfing
society in disorder, and violence--
the tactics and methods in German
schools appear logical and effective,
Professor Schorling said, because they
accomplish the task of inculcating the
youth of the land with the doctrines
of National Socialism with efficiency
and dispatch.
Party doctrine is taught as a re-
ligion by "young editions of Hitler"
who enter into their work with all'
the zeal and enthusiasm of fanatics'
who believe they are. engaged in the
predestined task of saving the world,
Professor Schorling said, and their
influence among the young people of
the land is tremendous. The leaders
of the Hitler Youth have in fact,
much more control over both the
schools and the children, than do the
s c h o o l administrators, Professor
Schorling declared.
Professor Schorling concluded the
lecture by delineating some of his per-
sonal observations and conclusions
about the Nazi regime in general,
gleaned after an extensive stay in.
the country. He expressed amaze-
ment at the extent to which the com-
mon man can be regimented with-
out having him resent the fact that
you have taken away his freedom, so
long as you improved his material
lot; he was amazed at the serenity
and emotional stability of most edu-
cated men in Germany tdespite the
trying recent history of that country;
he is convinced that "we in America
have a tremendous battle on our
hands," probably not military, per-
haps economic, surely psychological,"
to maintain and improve our institu-
tions in an orderly fashion in the
face of the dynamic example of Eu-
rope, and lastly, he expressed the be-
lief that the common people of Ger-
many "are fine folks, just like the
men and women in every other coun-
try are."
DISEASE CLAIMS ANOTHER
OWOSSO, Mich., Aug. 11-(P)-Dr.
Don W. Gudakunst, State Health
Commissioner, said today that labora-
tory tests showed that Franklin D.
Eldridge, one-year-old child who died
here yesterday, was a victim of Shiga
dysentery.

Union,Medical
Dorms Aided
By Allotment,
Notification Received Here
In Wire To University
SecretaryShirley Smith
Regents' Approval
Pends Official Offer
By IRVING SILVERMAN
The University- of Michigan was
yesterday granted $945,000 of Public
Works Administration funds to use
toward the completion of the Unioh
quadrangle men's dormitories, and
one dormitory for medical school stu-
dents, to house 1,000 men in all.
The official 'notification of the
PWA approval came at 1 p.m. yester-
day by telegram addressed to Shirley
Smith, vice-president and secretary
of the University and read: "Allot-
ment of $945,000 made by the PWA to
the Regents of the University of
Michigan for two dormitory build-
ings' project-docket Michigan 1559F
-Will forward offer in a few days.
Rush preparations, final plans and
specifications and immediately take
steps to make available funds neces-
sary for project in addition to allot-'
ment. Public announcement of al-
lotment authorized." The telegram
was signed by D. .R Kennicott, re-
gional director of the PWA.
Regents To Raise Rest
The grant is 45 per cent of the total
$2,100,000 needed to construct the
dormitories. The remainder of the
necessary funds will be raised by the
Regents. through the sale of bond
issues, now being arranged by Earl H.
Cress, executive vice-president of the
Ann Arbor TrustCompany. The of-
fer to be forwarded referred to in the
telegram applies to the formal pro-
cedure required in making PWA
grants in which the PWA adminis-
trator offers the money to University
following the filing and the ap-
proval of the application for funds.
When the University receives this
offer in a few days, it will be neces-
sary for the Regents to formally ac-
cept the allotment, and then for the
contract to be drawn.
Must Demolish Houses
The Union quadrangle dormitories,
expected to house 850 men, will neces-
sitate the tearing down of the houses
now facing Thompson Street and
several facing E. Jefferson and E.
Madison Streets. The Union park-
ing lot will be moved to the corner
of E. Jefferson and Thompson Streets,
from its present position directly be-
hind the Union. The dormitory ad-
ditions will adjoin the Allen-Rumsey
dormitories which were opened last
fall for freshmen students. The pro-
posed dormitories, it is believed, will
be ready for occupancy in the fall of
1939 and that freshmen will again
be given the preference of rooming
in the dormitories.
The medical students' dormitory
will be constructed at Catherine and
Glen Streets. It will house 150 men.
The PWA grant now makes it pos-
sible for the University to speed up
the completion of the dormitory
quadrangle which has long been a
hope of the University, students and
alumni. The PWA application for
funds was long pending, and it is be-
lieved that due to the interest and
assistance of the Regents, especially
Regent John D. Lynch, and the co-
operation of the PWA regional direc-
tor, Mr. Kennicott, the grant was
finally secured.

PWA Administration

Young James Roosevelt Reveals,
Earnings In Magazine Article

Pitched
Rich

Battle Rages Near
Mercury Mines

Milton's Origmal Manuscripts
Of Great Interest, Says Hanford
By HARRY KELSEY Professor Hanford illustrated his
Much of what is definitely known speech with slides of the manuscript
of John Milton and his works today of Paradise Lost, Lycidas, 'Milton's
has been garnered from those or- topic folio. or Commonplace Book,
iginal manuscripts of his that still and notated pages of a book from the
exist, Prof. James H. Hanford of poet's library. In the rough drafts
Western Reserve University said yes- for Paradise Lost, he pointed out, it
terday in the final lecture of the sum- can be seen why Milton turned from
mer series in conjunction with the drama to epic: that 'he crammed
Graduate Conference on Renaissance more and more idea into it until it
Studies. Professor Hanford's subject had burst the bounds of a play.
was "John Milton's Workshop."Milton frequently borrowed ideas
Speaking of Milton "not in his gen- from the works of the ancients and
eral relation to the period before him, from the earlier English writers, not
but in his more special activity as a . disguising the ancient ones but
poet," Professor Hanford stated that changing the English ideas just
these old manuscripts were of espe- enough so that it is difficult topin
cial interest where they contained the them down and identify them, Profes-
poet's corrections, or where they dif- sor Hanford claimed, saying that Mil-
fered from the printed texts, and ton himself was quoted as havin
that the penmainship, though useful said "mse was qoted as beterf
in certain instances, did not deserve not in the borrowing is little more
more than casual attention. tn t borrwisl
One thing which may be ascer- than a plagiarist."
taned through investigation of these Milton's claim was that his work:
manuscripts is the approximate date were unpremeditated and divinely in-
and order of Milton's works. Those spired. This is quite true, corrections
in whichthe letter e' appears as a to the original poems notwithstand-

NEW YORK, Aug. 11-(P)-James
Roosevelt, in a mazine article entitled'
"I'm Glad You Asked Me," today
made public his income tax returns
for the last five years, showing an
annual income ranging between
$21,714 and $49,167. A total income
of $172,978.03 was shown in the five
returns.
The President's son invited an in-
vestigation of his affairs by "some
hard-hitting anti-New Deal senator."
"My trouble," he was quoted as
saying, "seems to be a mixture of be-
ing the son of the President and not
failing in business."

business were estimated at somewhere'
between $250,000 and $2,000,000 a
year.
When he became his father's secre-
tary last year at an annual salary of
$10,000, the article said, he resigned
from the Boston insurance firm of
Roosevelt & Sargent, although he
continued to receive dividends on
business which he had helped place.
"Since I have been my father's
secretary, since I have been in Wash-
ington," the article quoted him as
saying, "I have not solicited nor at-
tempted to solicit-no, and I haven't
accepted-a single dollar of insurance

HENDAYE, France (At the Spanish
Frontier), Aug. 11.-(P)-Insurgent
armies in Southwest Spain drove to-
day to within range of Cabeza delr
Buey, key to the rich Government-
held Almaden mercury mines. I
A pitch1d battle was reported in1
progress around the town, 24 miles'
west of Almaden. It is the last im-
portant position between the Insur-
gent's Estremadura front and Alma-
den. The latter is on the highway
running east from Castuera.
Insurgent dispatches told of a
general advance while Government
advices acknowledged the campaign
had moved into the outskirts of Ca-

1
e
s

'Nonstop' orrigan
With His First Love
N\EW YORK, Aug. 11.-(P)--Alone
at last, with the roar of welcoming
receptions behind him, Douglas Cor-
rigan went back to his first love to-

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