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July 03, 1937 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1937-07-03

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PAGE FOUR

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SATURDAY, JULY 3, 1937

International
Law Institute
Opens Session
Group Meets Here Under
Auspices Of Carnegiej
Peace Endowment
(Continued from Page 1)
Dr. Scott and Prof. Jesse S. Reeves{
of the political science department!
consists of George Grafton Wilson,
professor of international law at Har-
vard, Percy E. Corbett, professor of
Roman law, McGill University, To-;
rontb, Ont., and George A. Finch,
who, beside being Secretary of the
Endowment's Division of Interna-
tional Law at Washington, is the;
managing editor of the AmericanI
Journal of International Law.'
"The five courses and group con-
ferences offered by these experts, are
designed to pass in review (1) the
influential classicsfof international
law, before and after Grotius, with
emphasis upon the recently discov-
ered work of Franciscus Victoria, a
Spanish humanist of the 16th Cen-
tury; (2) famous historic projects
of international organization, rang-
ing from Dante's essay 'De Mon-
archia' and the 'Grand Design' of
Henry IV of France and the Duc de
Sully, to William Penn's studied pro-
posals for consolidating the peace
of Europe, Immanuel Kant's celebrat-
ed essay entitled "Perpetual Peace"

Two Weeks Ago Today
IN THE CENTENNIAL CELEBRATION

(Believing the advice and construc-
tive criticism offered the University
during the celebration of 100 years in
Ann Arbor June 15-19 to be helpful and
valuable to this institution, The Daily
in these columns will present during
the next week a day-by-day recon-
struction of the Centennial Celebration,
which, because of the suspension of
Spublication, would not otherwise find
Jits way into The Daily's files for refer-
ence in future years.)
By CLINTON B. CONGER
ANN ARBOR, June 20.-Marjorie
Hope Nicolson, 43-year-old dean of
Smith College, who took degrees at
Michigan in 1914 and 1918 and a
Ph.D. from Harvard in 1920, yester-
day declared that "the fundamental
reason that women do not achieve so
greatly in the professions as do men
is that women have no wives."
"Until such time as science or ec-
onomics corrects this blunder of na-
ture," she continued, "we shall re-
main, I fear, the 'inferior sex.'
"Society puts upon women pressure
which men hardly feel. Who really
objects to the absent-minded profes-
sor of caricature and legend, his
The complete text of a speech
by Dr. Glenn Frank, recently
ousted from the presidency of
the University of Wisconsin, on
"Michigan and the Model Univer-
sity," given June 19 during the
Centennial Celebration, will be
found on page 2 of The Daily to-
aay and Sunday ...

1

2nd Informal
Summer Dance
To Be Tonight
Zwick To Furnish Music
For Event; Hostesses;
Are Announced
The second in the series of Sum-
mer School informal dances will be
held from 9 p.m. to 12 p.m. today in
the Michigan League Ballroom. A
larger crowd is expected at the par-
ties now that Summer Session has be-:
gun.
Music for the occasion will be fur-
nished by Charlie Zwick and his
nine-piece band, who, in addition to
the regular dance music, will pre-
sent several novelty numbers. Re-
freshments will be served at the tables
around the edge of the dance floor.
As is the usual custom for the sum-
mer dances, assistants will be present
to serve as hostesses for the dancing.
The following hostesses have been
selected to serve at the dancebto-
night, according to the chairman,
Phyllis Miner; Jean Bonisteel, Laura
Jane Zimmerman, Jenny Petersen,
Katheleen Clifford, Hope Hartwig,
Barbara Nelson, Janet Allington,
Mary Schmidt, Ona Thornton, Ka-
therine Kerr, Ida Hannan.
Others will be Helen Hendersen,
Mimi Fink, Alma Schock, Thelma
Grave, Betsey Anderson, Helene Zim-
merman, Eleanor Reed, )Elizabeth
MacCarthy and Jean Geyer.

To Sponsor Dance Classes Here

I ,,o liml

and the actual organization of the clothes awry, his hair unkempt, his
League of Nations by President socks undarned, his short-sighted eyes
WoodrowWilson and his European peering blandly if unseeingly into
coadjutors." the current scene?
Wilson's Course Timely "But translate the description into
Of particular timeliness is Profes- the feminine world and shudder at
sor Wilson's course of lectures on those women who deny their sex. The
"Neutrality, Insurgency and Civil undarned sock, I am sure, is the
War," with its exploitation of the ultimate barrier between the equality
tragic conflict in Spain as a "living of the sexes; in a man it moves to
laboratory" of the legal problems pity, in a woman to disrepute."
arising from a curiously complicated Tracing the rise of women in the
and dangerously ramified civil war, fields of business and education, Dean
and Professor Corbett's exploration Nicolson said, "It is an ironic fact
of the problems of nationality in the that war, against which women as a
British Commonwealth of Nations, group have always inveighed, has
and of the legal relations- and con- been largely responsible for the edu-
troversies between Great Britain, eational advancement of women. The
Canada and the United States, with Civil War forced the higher educa-
particular reference to maritime con- tion of women much more rapidly
troversies, successful arbitrations, than it otherwise would have occur-
and the important development of red; The World War forced their pro-
the "New Neutrality" program of fessional advancement more rapidly
Congress designed to safeguard still.
American and perhaps Canadian de- "And what have we done with our
tachment from embittered European heritage? As a sex, we have done
conflicts and to discourage the in- with our opportunities for learning
iquities of the international muni- exactly what our brothers have done
tions traffic,.xcl htorbohr aedn
Finally, the course treats of the with them for so many more genera-
historic and theoretical sources ofh tions-taken them for granted.
international law, explicitly recog- "In the higher professions women
nized and rendered enforceable in the reached their peak about 1926, and,
United States by Article 1, Sec. 8, of since that time a decline has set in.
the American Constitution and by It is not true, as many like to believe,
Washington's famous Proclamation that the change came ony after 1929,
of Neutrality, in 1793; and of prep- as a part of the 'depression.' Now
aration for teaching the subject of shall we confess that, given every op-
international law in colleges and uni- portunity, women have failed?
versities as a recognized and separate "One great difficulty with the ad-
branch of knowledge, the teaching of vancement of women in any of the
which has greatly increased in recent professions is the natural and inevit-
years, in the United States. These able fact that many women marry
aspects of the subject are handled
by Dr. Scott and Mr. Finch.
Probably nowhere else in the United I

MARJORIE HOPE NICOLSON
within a short period after they have
had the advantage of expensive pro-
fessional training, paid for only in
part b ythemselves. A more pro-
found criticism is that, while women
have justified themselves in some
branches of advanced scholarship,
there are various important fields-
perhaps the most important - to
which they have made little signal
contribution."
In the teaching field Dean Nicol-
son complained of discrimination.
"The chief openings for women," she
pointed out, "are still in the women's
colleges, which are few in number.
'You in the women's institutions,'
wrote the dean of one of our great
graduate schools to me not long ago,
'must take on your staffs women rath-
er than men, for otherwise we can-
not place the women.' At first sight
this seems a valid argument, but is it?
Some of the women's colleges have a
definite policy of having a balance of
men and women on the staffs, believ-
ing that it is well for young women
to learn more than one point of view.
Yet is there one man's college in this
broad land so liberal or so intelligent
in its policy?
"Careful study of many faculty
lists shows that either there are so
few women that the number employed
may be said to be negligible; or there
seems, at first glance, a fair propor-
tion of women, who, when one ex-
amines more closely, prove to be in
the two lowest classes: a large num-
ber of assistants, a smaller number of
instructors."
Chauncey S. Boucher, president of
West Virginia University, in an ad-
dress on "The Education of Youth"
on the same panel, deplored the fact
that universities are for the most part
unfitted for specialization in aca-
demic standards.
"Most state universities today have
in their student bodies, mixed indis-
criminately in the various courses, a
spread of aptitude and capacity rang-
ing from near morons to geniuses,"
Boucher said; "the result is that the
program is designed and administered
I

An extension course in modern dance has been organized for 7:30
p.m. on Mondays and Wednesdays in Barbour Gymnasium to meet
the demand for dancing instruction of persons not enrolled in the
Summer Session. The course will be taught by Katherine Manning
who is here this summer teaching in the department of physical edu-
cation for women. Miss Manning has had considerable training with
Doris Humphrey and at the Bennington School of Dance. The class will
meet for the first time Wednesday, July 7 on the second floor of Bar-
bour Gymnasium. Those interested are asked to attend this meeting
at which time registration for the course will take place. The registra-
tion fee is five dollars.

for the middle third, and the bottom
third are subjected to the dangers of
unjust disgrace and inferiority com-
plexes while the top third are sub-
jected to the dangers of the develop-
ment of wasteful habits in the use of
their time, and of becoming condi-
tioned to standards of achievement
below their capacities."

1
t
E
f
c
f

New Students Due
To High Standards
(Continued from Page 1)
ment this year of 4,800 students. It is
believed that the totals next week
will show about 4,900 registered.
Registration numbers are not a
point of pride with the director, how-
ever, who said he was more interest-
ed in the development of a well-or-
ganized and efficient Summer Ses-
sion, than in the record enrollment
figures.

Construction of a single story
building has been begun by the King-
Seeley Corporation on a site, north of
its present factory.
The new building will cost the cor-
poration $40,000, and is expected to
be ready for occupancy by the middle
of August. Expansion of the present
factory was deemea necessary when
the corporation's continuous progress
resulted in a proportionate increase
in employment.

Biological Camp
Is Feature Of
Summer School
(Continued from Page 1)
fully 550 algae, representing more
than 100 genera exclusive of diatoms,
have been definitely recorded.
For the study of animals, the wide
ange of terrestrial and aquatic habi-
tats, and large unsettled or sparsely
settled areas offer many opportuni-
ties. The mammals include small ro-
dents, muskrat, woodchuck, badger,
coyote, red fox, beaver, wildcat, bear
and deer.
Moreover, the study of birds can be
carried on to excellent advantage.
During the period of the Summer Ses-
sion about 175 species of birds have
been identified.
A number of factors contribute to
make the Station an unusually good
place for study and research. Among
these may be mentioned the northern
flora, an adequate fauna, an excel-
lent climate, excellent conditions for
study, freedom from intrusion of out-
side interests, from the limitations
of the usual university schedule, from
the disturbing conditions of urban
life, and adequate opportunity for
spending a part of each day in the
sunshine and open air in study and
recreationthese advantages without
the necessity of giving up the essen-
tials for comfortable living.
The living accommodations, fa-
cilities for instruction and research,
will be reviewed in a future article.
KOHLER ON LEAVE
Prof. Henry L. Kohler of the me-
chanical engineering school will be
absent on leave for the 1937-1938
academic year, the mechanical en-
gineering department announced yes-
terday. He will head the research
laboratories of the Sealed Power Pis-
ton Ring Corp., in Muskegon. He is
expected to return to the engineering
faculty in 1938.

4

King-Seeley
New

Begins
Construction

..... .. - -----------

he

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States would it be possible to have
so many-sided and sustained an ex-
amination of the major principles
and controversies of international
law as in Ann Arbor this summer,
for the reason that apparently at no
other university-save Harvard, Yale
and Chicago-is there more than one
professor offering courses in the sub-
ject.
To Hold Public Lectures
In addition to the regular courses
and conferences here, meeting in the
forenoons, six days a week, there will
be a series of lectures on Monday
evenings, open to the public, begin-
ning with one by Professor Wilson
at 8 p.m. Tuesday evening, on the
topic: "Twentieth Century Interna-
tional Law." These public lectures
will be held in the Political Science
Lecture Hall, Room 1025, Angell Hall.
MORE MORE MORE MORE MORE
In organizing and sustaining this
Institute it is obvious that the Car-
negie Endowment is rendering a
unique service not merely to the
colleges and teachers of the United
States and other countries-and
especially to the University, which it
selected as the seat of the Institute
in the United States because of the
greatness of the University and the
charm and central geographical posi-
tion of Ann Arbor-but, likewise, that
it is endeavoring to strengthen the
knowledge of and popular faith in
the employment of rules of reason
and principles of justice rather than
engines of violence and nationalist
terror in the contemporary world.
Gauss Quoted
Thereby it is giving point and'prac-
tice to the recent declaration of Dr.
Christian Gauss, of Princeton and
Michigan, speaking at the Michigan
Centennial celebration, two weeks
ago, saying: "There are no geograph-
ical limits to the responsibilities of
the educated man. In my concep-:
tion, the responsibility of a univer-
sity, even a municipal or a state
university, or a national university,
transcends national limits."j
International law, by the nature of
its basic assumptions, does this; and,!

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in the fleet Thoroughbred.
OF THESE THREE HORSES, perhaps, the history
of Godolphin Barb is the most romantic. Dis-
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streets of Paris, he was purchased by an English-
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the stallion to the Earl of Godolphin. In the
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FROM THESE THREE STALLIONS originated the
superb racing strains of Eclipse, Herod and
Matchem, known wherever men discuss fine
horses. Strange to say, the Thoroughbreds thus
developed proved far fleeter than the horses by
whom they were sired, and today it is common
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outrun the best of the Arabians. But from the
three noble stallions they received an unmatched
heritage for courage, endurance, intelligence,
and speed that would respond to breeding.
OVER A PERIOD OF YEARs The Michigan Daily has
proved its right to the title of Thoroughbred.
Its Editorial policy is intelligent and courageous,
its Display and Classified Advertising Service
efficiently administered. Backed by readers ex-
ceeding five thousand in number, it stands alone
as an Advertising medium for those who would

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