,Y, AUGUS~T 18, 1937
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
N EW S
Of The DAY
The News Of The World As Illustrated In Associated Press Pictures
(By The Associated Press)
Ship Head Asks U.S. To
Back Vessel Mortgages
WASHINQTON, Aug. 17.---)-La-
than D. Smith, Chicago steamship
and shipbuilding executive, told the
House merchant marine committee
today proposed federal insurance of
vessel mortgages would help revive
the shipbuilding industry on the
Testifying on a bill by Representa-
tive Cochran (Dem., Mo.) to have the
government guarantee mortgages /
finance construction of inland water-
way and coastal vessels, Smith said
the measure "offers encouragement;
which is very necessary."
Under Cochran's bill, mortgages
would be guaranteed in the same
manner as the Federal Housing Ad-
ministration now insures housing
ADRIAN, Aug. 17.-(IP)-Three cot-
tages and five trailers in a camp at
Devil's Lake were damaged early to-
night by trees blown over during a
storm. No one was hurt.
In Adrian several streets were
blocked by trees and poles.
Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Mills and
their two children, Mary Jane, 8,
and Dean, 4, were in their trailer at
the lake camp when one tree fell on
it, another toppled over on their au-
New Warden Warns
Of Prison Overcrowding
JACKSON, Aug. 17.-(A)-Warden
Joel H. Moore of the State Prison of
Southern Michigan said today that
Americans and other foreign citizens living in Shanghai fled by hundreds into the International Settlement (above), seeking the protection of
American marines, 1,050 strong, and garrisons maintained by other powers which were mobilized for the "worst." Armed forces of both nations
poured by thousands into the Chinese seaport. Panic gripped the native populace. Streets and alleys were choked with fleeing residents of the Chapei
and Kiangwang areas, as the crossfire of Chinese batteries and Japanese warships battered native districts. Fires have ravaged the town and an
acute food shortage now menaces its inhabitants.
Play: Repertory Players production
# "Daughters of Atreus."
NOW! TWO FEATURES!
Joe Connor, 26, University of
Minnesota student, won the world Pi.A$e
birling title at Escanaba, Mich., by PC v
dethroning the champion of ten A
years' standing, Wilbur Marx, of
Eau Claire, Wis. Connor is shown
exhibiting the deftness which won
him the log rolling title.
Brandegee and Borah.
There was, however, a second and
more comprehensive treaty conclud-
ed at about the same time. This isb f
known as the "Nine Power Pact" or n
the "International Treaty for the Pa-
cific." In additon oate "Big Four" aJarch t ft poO
(Continued on Page 4)
A KISS FOR EVERY
fS -- Extra
30 S. State St. Coming Saturday
_ - JOE E. BROWN
-__ _ _"RIDING ON AIR"
Far Eastern Conflict Pr
Of Neutrality Act, (3
whether the Four Power Pact has, or,
esen s 1 1. C d Test can have, any application to the exi-
gencies of this particular situation.
That is the first point.
# t S y The second, and even more import-
ommentator Sa) ::
+ ant point to observe is that when the
Senate consented to the ratification
of this interesting treaty, it attached
overcrowded conditions at the oraneh (Continued from Nae 1)
state prison at Marquette are a men-
qe. part of the price of peace between
Moore, justreturned from his first men and nations. So much for the
visit there as assistant state director new Neutrality, which may now have
of corrections, said he will recom- an opportunity to demonstrate its
mend the transfer of about 50 in- .validity as a contribution to interna-
mates to other prisons. tional law as well as national welfare.
He said he found 50 or more pris- Call For Joint Action
oners sleeping in corridors. General What of the Pacific treaties, to
conditions, including inmate morale, which we are a party, and which are
were good, Moore said. still "in force," never having been
Warden Moore plans to inspect the denounced? By their spirit and im-
state reformatory at Ionia soon. plications, if not by their letter, they
call for joint political action by the
AAprincipal powers having interests in
i DA AA * e China and the Far East.
* D" There is no incompatibility or con-
tradiction between the terms of the
(Continued from Page 2) treaties and the spirit and purpose
of the Neutrality Act, as some per-
estes, the son of Agamemnon and sons have alleged. On the contrary,
Klyaitemnestra returns years later to they are complementary. The treat-
avenge his father's death and finds ies call for conference, for frankness,
that he must kill his mother 'to do so, and for diplomatic cooperation be-
Propelled by his firey sister, Elektra, tween their signatories; but there is
he confronts his mother with the nothing whatever in them that calls
sword. Klytaimnestra cries mercy, for the determination of "the ag-
not for herself, but to save her son gressor" in the Far East, by the Unit-
the remorse that she knows such re- ed States Government or any other
venge will bring. Orests kills her, only signatory, contrary to what the
to go krazy in theend as the mother- 'Chinese students and many senti-
slayerk mental friends of China in this coun-
Valentine B. Windt has directed try appear to believe. There is, how-
this last Michigan Repertory offering ever, authority in them for coopera-
with a keen sense for the human tive action by the Powers, looking to
and tender parts of the drama, com- removal of the cause of the conflict
bining these qualities with the un- -a very different matter.
derlying beauty in both the charac- The moralistic, or legalistic ap-
ters and expression. Deep with in- proach-the attempt by political au-
tensity and emotion, "Daughters of thority to stigmatize the guilty or ag-
Atreus" is not lacking in the sweep gressive party, and intimidate him,
and movement that makes for very is a step leading directly towards
interesting and enjoyable theatre. war. Consultation looking towards
removal of the causes of conflict,
W. L. Pet.
New York .............72 33 .686 BETTER
Detroit ............61 43 .587
Chicago..............62 47 .569
Boston ................69 45 .567 hake
Cleveland .............48 53 .475 .hAn
'Washington ...........49 55 471 lP AdLv .
St. Louis.............33 70 .320 On TheAve
Philadelphia... .........32 70 .314 nue -"-"-"
Yesterday's ResultsBanySinth other
Detroit 11, Chicago 7.adl soe?
New York 8-6, Washington 0-4. great m 20th
Cleveland at St. Louis, rain. C sntr O X
Detroit at Chicago.
Boston at Philadelphia. .
Cleveland at St. Lois (2).
Washington at New York (2).,
W. L. Pet.
Chicago ...............66 41 .617
New York.............62 43 .590
St. Louis ..............56 47 .544:.
Pittsburgh .............57 48 .543
Boston ................52 56 .481 -
Cincinnati .............44 58 .431
Philadelphia .......,...43 65 .398y
Brooklyn...............41 63 .394
Pittsburgh 4, Chicago 2."
New York 4, Boston 1.
Philadelphia 11, Brooklyn 1.
St. Louis at Cincinnati, night.
without any obligation or implica- ily settled by diplomacy, and is "like- an important reservation, of only one
tion of coercion or violence against ly to affect the harmonious accord sentence in length. It read: "The
even the apparent aggressor, looks now happily subsisting between United States understands that under
in the opposite direction. Herein lies them" they shall "invite the other the statement in the Preamble, or
the important difference between the Parties to a joint conference to which under the terms of this treaty, there
American and the European ap- the whole subject will be referred is no commitment to (the use of)
proach to peace. for consideration and adjustment." armed force, no alliance, no obliga-
What precisely do the treaties con- China Nat A Party tion to join in any defense.
cerning the Pacific say? It is im- Who shall invite the others? The Treaty was signed by Charles
portant to know what we are talking The treaty is discreetly silent as to Evans Hughes, Senators Lodge and
about. The first treaty is known as that. Presumably, the power most Underwood, and Mr. Root for the
the Four-Power Pact, and was con- directly concerned or gravely threat- United States; but the reservation
eluded at Washington, Dec. 13, 1922, ened. That might be supposed to be was attached principally by the ap-
by the representatives of the United China. But China was not a party to prehension and initiative of Senators
States, the British Empire, France this treaty; and the present contro- TYPEWRITERS
and Japan. (It was ratified, and versy is not between the actual signa--
subsequently proclaimed on Aug. 17, tories at least not yet. FOUNTAIN PENS
1923; it came into force, therefore, Article 2 of the Four Power Pact Student Supplies
exactly 14 years ago). reads: "If the said rights are threat-
Requires Conference ened by the aggressive action of any pDM oil
Its preamble reads: "With a view other power, the parties shall com- Us M OETE
to the preservation of the general municate withone another fully and 314 SOUTH STATE STREET
peace. and the maintenance of their frankly, in order to arrive at an un-
rights in relation to their insular derstanding as to the most efficient
pcsseEsions and dominions in the re- measures to be taken, jointly or sep-
gion of the Pacific-" Its terms are arately, to meet the exigencies of the
brief and reasonably clear. The particular situation."
high contracting parties agree that Obviously, what these four powers
"If there should develop between any then appeared to have in mind was
of them a controversy arising out of the possibility of 'aggressive action"
any Pacific question, and involving from the direction of Moscow, not
their rights, which is not satisfactor- Tokyo! All in all, it is doubtful
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