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August 15, 1937 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1937-08-15

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.,

The Weather
Warmer today; tomorrow
probably local showers. Cloudy.

Ll r e

Lit igan

~D'ait6F

Editorials
A Third Term
For Roosevelt..
Mothers Versus Grme.. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 42 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUG. 15, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

i

Expect A Vote
By Judiciary
Committee On
BlackMonday
Telegraphed Protests And
Demands For Delay Are
Received In Senate
Labor Leaders Are
Favorable To Black
WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.-(P)-
Senate Judiciary Committee members
forecast today the committee would
vote Monday to approve the nomina-
tion of Senator Black (Dem., Ala.) to
the Supreme Court-although there
were telegraphed protests and de-
mand for delay.
Senator Burke (Dem., Neb.) one of
the few publicly committed opponents
of confirmation, predicted the com-
mittee majority would over-ride ob-
jections Monday and recommend that
the Senate approve President Roose-
velt's nomination of the liberal Ala-
bama Democratic Senator.
Can Delay Action
Opponents of the nomination could
delay action on the Senate floor as
long as they wanted, but in view of
the adjournment fever, many believed
the confirmation would be voted after
a brief flurry of debate.
A check-up of the Judiciary Com-
mittee members disclosed a lineup
of ten to three for the Alabaman,
with four senators still publicly un-
committed.
Members of the committee said the
telegraphed protests outnumbered the
approvals of the nomination. Chair-
man Ashurst (Dem., Ariz.) made pub-
lic a file of communications all of
which were against Black except
those from labor organizations.
Protest Black's Conduct
One, from Grenville Clark of the
New York law firm of Root, Clark,
Buckner and Ballantine, protested
h.at Black's conduct of Senate inves-
tigations had demonstrated "a com-
plete lack of regard on his part for
ordinary principles of fairness and
for legal and constitutional rights."
Urging the committee to approve
Black's nomination, William Green,
president of the American Federa-
tion of Labor, telegraphed:
"I hope the Senate Judiciary Com-
mittee will promptly recommend con-
firmation of the appointment of Sen-
ator Black to the Supreme Court.
Labor strongly supports the appoint-
ment of Senator Black and will be
tremendously disappointed if there is
delay in approving his appointment."
Similar telegrams were received
from a number of locals of the Inter-
national Ladies Garment Workers
Union.
Alfred A. Cook, chairman of the
Judiciary committee of the Associa-
tion of the Bar of the City of New
York, asked that "proper and reason-
able opportunity be given to the bar
of the country" to be heard by the
Judiciary Committee.
Local Churches
Today Feature
Student Topics
Today will find another group of
interesting sermons and discussions
available from which the summer
school student may make his choice.
At the Congregational Church at

10:45 a.m., the Rev. Leonard A. Parr
of the Green Bay, Wis., Congrega-
tional Church will speak on "The
Perfect Lover" to the union meeting
of Presbyterian and Congregational
Churches.
A supper symposium on "Present
Day Religion in Germany, Korea, the
Near East and Mexico" by students
who have lived'in those countries will
feature the 5:45 p.m. meeting at the
same church. The students taking
part will be Bertram Hovey, Shannon
McCune, Kenneth L. Pike and Aris
Demetriades. Dr. W. P. Lemon will
preside.
Prof. John L. Brumm of the jour-
nalism department will speak on
"To The Intelligent" at the First
Methodist Church at 10:30 a.m.
The Rev. Mr. Theodore R.
Schmale's topic at the Bethlehem
Church service, which begins at 10:30
a.m. will be "The Guest Chamber of
the Soul." At the First Baptist Church
Rev. H. A. Huey will talk about "Vic-
tory Won Beforehand" at 10:45 a.m.
Sint Andrew's Eniscoal Church

Tigers Beat Browns
In Double Headier
DETROIT, Aug. 14.-(JP)-The De-
troit Tigers gained undisputed pos-
session of second place in the Ameri-
can League race today, passing five
St. Louis pitchers for 40 hits that in-
cluded eight home runs and mopping
up both ends of a double-header.
Detroit won thefirst game, 16 to 1,
and the second, 20 to 7.
Elden Auker, lanky Tiger sidewin-
der, limited the Browns to four hits
in the opener and clouted home runs
in two successive innings of the 16-
hit affair. With the aid of a long fly,
he drove in five runs.
Second baseman Charlie Gehringer,
who accounted for a brace of singles
in three official trips in the first
game, had a perfect day in the after-
piece, getting five of Detroit's 22 hits.
He hit homers in the first and second
innings-the latter with two men on
the runways-a double and two
singles, driving in six runs in all.
Last Vespers
Is Today On
Library Steps
Summer Session Chorus
And Orchestra Feature
Third Meeting
The third and last Vespers service
to be held at 7:3 p.m. today on the
steps of the Main Library will feature
the Summer Session Chorus under
the direction of Prof. David Mattern,
of the Music School.
Call to worship by Prof. Wilmot
F. Pratt, carillonneur, will begin the
program. The Summer Session Or-
chestra will play "Arioso," by Bach,
and the Chorus and Orchestra will
join in presenting "A Mighty Fort-
ress Is Our God," by Bach-Damrosch.
The assembly will join with the
Chorus in singing several hymns,
among which are "Go Tell It to the
Mountains," a Negro Spiritual, and
"An Abraham Lincoln Song," by
Damrosch.
Dr. Edward W. Blakeman, coun-
selor of religion, will give an invoca-
tion.
A baritone solo will be sung by
Bernard R. McGregor-"Consider
and Hear Me."
The Chorus and Orchestra will
blend in offering selections from the
oratorio, "St. Paul," by Mendelssohn.
Two more hymns by the assembly
will follow, and the service will be
closed with a benediction by Dr.
Blakeman.
NLRB Election
Demanded For
Broach Plant
Want To Establish UAW's
Privilege As Collective
]BargainingAgency
An NLRB election under the terms
of the Wagner Act to establish the
UAW's right as collective bargaining
agency at the' American Broach and
Machine Company's plant here has
been demanded by the Union and will
be held in the immediate future, it
was learned here yesterday.
Three four hour meetings between
workers' representatives and com-
pany officials have followed the con-
clusion of the four-day sit-down and

picketing at the Broach plant last'
week, without the successful comple-
tion of negotiations, according to
spokesmen. A request for a blanket
wage increase was understood to be
the point which is tying up the ne-
gotiations begun in accordance with
the terms of the truce suggested by
Governor Murphy,
UAW claims a membership of 90
per cent of the Broach employes, and
told Company officials that it had
filed an application with the National
Labor Relations Board for the elec-
tion to verify its position as bargain-
ing agency. The NLRB office in De-
troit said the application had not yet
come before it, but that an election
would be arranged to be held within
a week or 10 days after the receipt
of the formal application if it was
desired.
The plant officials have expressed
their willingness to bargain with any
agency winning a majority vote of
the employes in the election, should a

Believe Soviet Three Americans Die In Shanghai
Fliers Safe In
Arctic Section As Bombs Of Chinese Miss Mark;
Airmen Are Somewhere
Betwe. e Fairban.,And Number Of Dead In City Is 582
,Between Fairbank Pole,Reports Say

.

Matterni Joins Hunt
For Russian AirmenDr. Chang Expr
FAIRBANKS, Alaska, Aug. 14.- DeathO Am
(P)-Faint radio messages today in--
dicated six missing Soviet fliers were
safe somewhere in the Arctic between By JOSEPH GIES t
Alaska and the North Pole and three Regret for the death of the three
planes bearing Russian officials left Americans who were accidently killed
Fairbanks to search for their com- yesterday by Chinese bombing planes
rades: during a raid on the Japanese battle
Part of the message was unread- cruiser Idzumo lying in Shanghai
able and the portion received did not harbor was expressed last night by
give a clue as to whether the big plane Dr. Y. Z. Chang, visiting professor
was aloft or down in the icy Arctic. inrthe English department, speaking
Believe Craft Down for the Chinese Students Club of the
Government offcials expressed be- University.
lief the powerful craft long since had Dr. Chang declared that the Idzu-
descended. Shortly after passing mo, at the time of the airplane attack,
over the Pole early yesterday on its was directing assaults on the northern
projected 4,000 mile flight from the districts of Shanghai from her berth
Soviet capital to -Fairbanks it re- in the Whangpoo Creek. The ship
ported one of its four motors was dead was moored at a distance of only 40
because of a damaged oil line. 'yards from the Palace and Cathay
The message was the first to be hotels in the city's downtown district,
picked up by the army listeners in he pointed out. "Japanese marines
nearly 28 hours, the last previous are using the International Settle-
one having been at 5:40 a.m. (EST) ment in Shanghai, which ought to be
yesterday when the plane reported
passing the Polar cap in 35-degree
sub-zero weather. IIndo-European
Mattern Enters Hunt
The call of fellowship also brought Tontue Theory-
Jimmy Mattern, American long dis-

esses Regret At
ericans In China

v-

and is a neutral district, as a base of
attack in central China with SoochowE
and Nanking as their objectives," he4
continued.
The Nanking road and the Bund4
or banking district of Shanghai, form
a section analagous to the Michigan
Boulevard shore of Lake Michigan in
Chicago, Dr. Chang said. "To hide
behind the skyscrapers there and use
the area as a base to attack the,
Chinese will involve other nations in
the conflict," he declared. "The
Chinese defense was forced to strike
back in order to prevent the attack
on Soochow and Nanking from being
carried out. Unfortunately, innocent
foreign residents lost their lives; but
it should be noted hundreds of
Chinese were also killed.
"I hope the nations represented in
the International Settlement will'
ask the invaders not to use the neu-
tral Settlement, so that innocent
non-combatants will not be exposed
to danger. The Chinesecommander
will no doubt order the Chinese pi-
lots to avoid repetition of such inci-

Two Other Americans Wounded
When Chinese Warhirds Strike
SHANGHAI, Aug. 15.-(Sunday)-(4)-War at its worst caught and
killed Americans and heaped dead and dying in Shanghai today.
Officials counted the known dead at 582 in the foreign quarters, although
many were Chinese refugees. Hundreds of noncombatants, at least three
of them Americans, died in a rain of Chinese bombs that missed their marks.
Two or more Americans were wounded. Every one of the 4,000 Americans
in the bleeding international community was in grave peril.
The Americans were drawn into the tragic vortex of the undeclared yet
undisguised Chinese-Japanese War when the warbirds of the Chinese
government struck suddenly at the Japanese.
Bombs Drop In Densely Packed Streets
Two recklessly dropped Chinese bombs plunged into densely packed street
intersections of Shanghai's foreign areas. Apparently they were aimed
from far aloft in a heavy, murky sky at Japanese warships on the nearby
Whangpoo River or at Japanese land concentrations.
But the victims, of the resulting holocausts were mostly innocent Chinese
civilians. Many . other foreigners, besides the Americans, were killed or
wounded.

tance flier, into the hunt, in an effort
to repay an act of mercy by one of
the lost aviators, Sigismund Levaneff-
sky, the "Russian Lindbergh," who
was in charge of the missing plane.
Levaneffsky and five companions
left Moscow at 10:13 p.m. (EST)
Thursday. They expected to reach
Fairbanks in about 30 hours. Pre-
sumably their plane was capable of
remainingaloft about 40 hours, or
until about 2 a.m. today.
Candidates For
Masters Degree
To Be Honored
Ruthven, Yoakum, Woody
To Talk At Breakfast
Today In Union
All students who will receive a mas-
ter's degree at the end of Summer
Session will be the special guests of
the University at a breakfast to be
given at 9:30 p.m. today in the ball-
room of the Michigan Union.
The speakers for the occasion will
be Pres. Alexander G. Ruthven, Dean
Clarence S. Yoakum and Prof. Clif-
ford Woody. The invocation will be
given by Dr. Edward W. Blakeman
and Dr. Louis A. Hopkins, director of
the Summer Session, will preside.
Approximately 250 invitations have
been sent out to candidates for this
degree. All schools and departments
on the campus have been included
according to Dr. Hopkins, who has
charge of the breakfast. This is the
first time the University has spon-
sored this type of affair honoring
master's candidates.
The purpose of the breakfast is to
give the graduate students who are
only here during the summer an op-
portunity to become acquainted with
the administration officers especially
President Ruthven who is seldom here
for the Summer Session.
Dr. Hopkins is being assisted by
Miss Ethel McCormick as director of
the social program.

i

CJ Ji 1

i'

is iviaue iear dents. All the Chinese students and
residents here deplore the unfortu-
nate event," he concluded.
Prof. Sapir Explains The Members of the Chinese Student
. t Club generally agreed that General-
Laryngeal ypothesTo Cissimo hiang-Kai-Shek would con-

Linguistic Institutet
The laryngeal hypothesis, a rather
abstruse theory of prime importancet
in the study of the early Indo-Euro-<
pean languages, is clearer today to t
members of the Linguistic Institutel
as a result of the explanation pre-I
sented Friday night by Prof. Edward
Sapir of Yale University in the In-
stitute's closing lecture of the sum-
mer series.
It was a number of curious coin-
cidences in these sound changes that
led to the first suggestion of the
theory by Ferdinand de Saussure, a
French scholar.
Include Indo-European Sounds
The sound changes to which the
principle applies, explained Professor
Sapir, include most of those develop-
ments of original Indo-European
sounds that do not fit into the normal
pattern of shifting. Such a change
is that illustrated by the difference
between the initial vowel of Indo-
European "pater" (father) and Iran-
ian "pita."
In its simplest form the theory as-
sumes the existence in primitive In-
do-European of a set of laryngeal
consonants. By their very nature,
especially because of their lack of
sonority, such consonants are evanes-
cent.
Provides Principle
Thus the assumption of these In-
do-European sounds provides the lin-
guist with a principle by which he
can solve many of the hitherto inex-
plicable problems presented by phe-
nomena apparently inconsistent with
established phonetic law.
Only three laryngeal consonantst
were at first postulated, but the series
it now thought to contain four. This
alteration occurred as a result of re-
search in the obscure Hittite lan-
guage, in the orthography of which
appear phenomena that not only
provide factual substantiation of the
(Continued on Page 3)

tinue to resist the present Japanese
incursion with all his forces, in spite
of the handicap of inferior equip-
ment and training of his soldiers. All
of China is united behing Chiang,
they said, in the realization that suc-
cessful resistance to Japan is the
most important immediate aim for'
China today.
Players Offer
Condensation
Of Greek Epic
The final offering of the Repertory
Players' Summer Season for 1937 will
be the brilliant and widely acclaimed
artistic success, "Daughters of
Atreus," Robert Turney's condensa-
tion in modern form of the classic'
Greek "Elektra" cycle. It will open
at 8:30 p.m. Tuesday, rather than
Wednesday as usual, in the Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre, . and run
through three performances, closing
Thursday.
The drama, which tells the Aga-
memnon-Elekrta saga from a point of
view sympathetic to the women of
the house of Atreus, is written in the
classic style of poetic prose, inter-
spersed with occasional contempor-
ary jargon.
In the Repertory production,
Sarah Pierce' will play Elektra;
Nancy Bowman Polymia; Claribel
Baird, Klytaimestra; William Rice,
Agamemnon; Mary Pray, Iphegenia;
Charles Maxwell, Orestes; Ralph Bell,
'Achilles; Raymond Pedersen, Kal-
chas;sCharles McCaffrey, Pylades;
Charles McCaffrey, Phaon. Others
taking part will be: Karl Klauser,
Elsie Buchanon, Emma Hirsch, Mir-
ian Brous, Anita Newblatt, June
Pollan, Roy Rector and Lawrence
Olson.

Ask Students OfI
Session To Aid
LoanLibrary
Needy Students To Be Able
To Borrow Books In The
Next Semester
Students of the Summer Session
will be given an opportunity this se-
mester to participate in the forma-
tion of the newly-formed student
text-book loan library for the aid of
needy students, a project begun near
the close of the spring semester under
the direction of a faculty committee
headed by Prof. Erich A. Walter of
the English department.
Professor Walter and the other,
members of the committee, Dean
Edward H. Kraus of the literary col-
lege, Prof. Arthur D. Moore of the
engineering college and Dr. William
W. Bishop, director of the University
library service, hope for a good re-
sponse from summer students to their
plea for donation of text-books for
the library. Gifts of students of the
present session will be especially use-
ful, Professor Walter pointed out, in
order to get the library into opera-
tion in the fall. General text-books
for all regular courses in all de-
partments of the University are
needed.
Great care will be taken in the ad-
ministration of the library, according
to Professor Walter, to ensure the
'books being placed only in the hands
of students actually in need of such
assistance. The library will in gen-
eral follow the same lines as the Lor-
ing W. Andrews Library at Yale
University, except that the books will
be loaned for one semester only in-
stead of for a whole year.
The library plan jhas been widely
commended by faculty members of
the various schools and departments
as-- helpful to those students who
stand most in need of aid. "Only
students who have a genuine need
will be given consideration by the
committee," Professor Walter said.
It is hoped that with the books con-
tributed during the closing weeks of
last semester added to those donated
by summer students a satisfactory
beginning can be made next semester
although the first year of the plan
will be considered more or less a "tria
run" by the committee.

Great buildings, including two fa-
mous hotels, were shattered. Mounds
of dead littered the pavements.
List American Dead
The American dead were: Dr. Frank
J. Rawlinson, 35 years a missionary
leader in China; H. S. Honigsberg,
wealthy motorcar dealer who had
made Shanghai his home more than
20 years; Dr. Robert K. Reischauer,
member of the Princeton University
faculty, in Shanghai on a study tour.
The war in the air was only ,one
phase-but deadly phase-of the
the battle of Shanghai between China
and Japan. The conflict, in the sec-
ond day of actual bloodshed, was
fought from the air, on water and
on land along a front from Shanghai
to the mighty Yangtze River, 10 miles
north.
Rages Along Whangpoo
Mostly it raged along the Whang-
poo -River, Shanghai's harbor and
winding highway to the sea, crowded
with the shipping of many nations
and the 21 naval vessels that Japan
is known to have concentrated here.
Far to the north the five-weeks old
undeclared' war in Hopeh province
continued bitterly, involving ever-
increasing forces and a steadily wid-
ening area.
Warplanes of both China and Japan
were over Shanghai most of the day
in spite of heavy, lowhanging clouds
and frequent rain. What tolls of
death and destruction they claimed
in distant Japanese and Chinese parts
could not even be estimated today.
In the international area the fatal
bombs fell late on Saturday after-
noon when Shanghai streets are al-
ways teeming.
450 Are Killed
Two plunged into the intersection
of Avenue Edward VII and Thibet
Road, in the French concession. Po-
lice there declared they killed 450,
Dr. Rawlinson and Honigsberg in-
cluded, and wounded 750, all Chinese.
The other tore a great hole in Nan-
king Road, just between two of the
.city's leading hotels, the Cathay and
the Palace, both packed with guests
and refugees. This is in the Interna-
tional Settlement. Police said two
foreigners were killed there and seven
wounded. ClIinese dead were believed
1130.
The known American injured were
R. R. Rouse of Saco, Montana, and
J. M. Kerbey, employe of a firm of
accountants. Both were expected to
recover.
At least 16 Chinese planes ranged
(Continued on Page 3)
,Prof. Smeaton' s
Father Dies In
l Local Hospital

49
i.

AnimalHouseMaintained By University
flas .3000 Inates. Kpwner ai t ~

.AL-7WAY . XF it v in.. U/Q U V .U U.-AL."%7 v N'

By ROBERT I. FITZHENRY -or as ferocious as they are capable <
Sequestered in the group of small of becoming. Rabbits, rats and guineai
buildings clustered around the mam- pigs can all administer an unpleasant
moth University hospital is a rectan- bite, but this occurs very seldom underr
gular brick structure known as the an experienced handler.
"animal house"-a shelter for more When Caris comes to work every
than 3,000 guinea pigs, rats, rabbits, morning at 8 a.m. he is dressed in the1
same blue-colored shirt and black-a
mice and dogs-all used for experi- striped over-alls. He enters the an-
mental purposes by different depart- imals' room by one door and leaves'
ments of the University. via a different exit, never varying this
For 12 years now Albert R. Caris routine. The animals are fed at pre-
has been chief keener and patriarch ciselv the same time every day and

I
i
f
1

William Smeaton, 1941 Geddes
One Inmate Escapes Ave., father of Prof. William G.
catcalls, prodding fingers and pea- Smeaton of the chemistry depart-
nuts soon termed this practice a men- From State Prison ent,and the oldest resident of Ann
Arbor, died yesterday in University
ace and now Caris patrols the house Hospital after a brief illness following
alone. JACKSON, Aug. 14.-(0)-One in- a fall at his son's home last week.
Most beloved, by their keeper, of all mate escaped over the wall and three The elder Mr. Smeaton, who was
the animals are the white rates, who others were captured in a break for born in Scotland and came to Can-
freedom tonight at the State Prison ada at the age of six, would have been
he claims are the "greatest and of Southern Michigan. 101 years old Oct. 11. He has lived
smartest" animals he has ever raised. First reports said that three of the at his son's home here since 1903.
Yes they're great little fellows,tm he prisoners reached freedom, but He was a member of the survey-
said, 'but it's bsuicide to make one guards found two of the four men ing expedition which charted the
of them squeal because the whole yhiding on the roof of a prison build- route for the first railroad to cross
bunch are then down on you." Caris . i ._n.T n.rin-

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