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August 10, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1937-08-10

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The Weather
Partly cloudy today; tomor-
row local thundershowers; con-
tinued warm.

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(t4r

A6igau

I

~AIaiti

Editorials
Congress And
Adjournment .. .

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

VOL. XLVI No. 37

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUG. 10, 1937

PRICE FIVE CENTS

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Nippons Erase
All Liter~ature
Of Nationalism
In Chinese City
Soldiers In Small Patrols
Visit All Bookshops, Go
Over Entire City
Many War Forces
Terrorize Chinese
PEIPING, Aug. 10.-(Tuesday)-
(MP-The Soldiers of Japan erased
methodically from this old capital of
the Emperors of China today all
traces of the nationalism of Sun Yat-
Sen and Chiang Kai- Shek.
From the bookshops the military
patrols combed out "objectionable
literature."
In the public schools they forbade
the teaching of the principles of na-
tional salvation of Sun Yat-Sen, the
Chinese "liberator." These, they said,
were impractical and "tended to poi-
son youthful minds"
Without hesitation, the troops
searched Tsing Hua University, built
in 1911 as the result of United States
remittance of more than 10 million
dollars of the Boxer Indemnity. They
looked for traces of activity which
they might not approve.
General War Breaks Out
The general war which had been
threatening for a month or more ap-
parently broke out today, but there
were still no formal declaration of
hostilities. Fighting, reports said,
has spread over a large area and had
passed far beyond the bonds of a local
incident.
The casualties on the both sides as
a result of the fighting were said to
be more than 20,000, making it the
most serious battle so far.
At Shangai the Japanese demanded
that the Chinese Peace Preservation
Corps be withdrawn 12 miles from
the city as they had agreed after the
Shanghai wa of 1932. The Chinese,
apparently following the threat of;
Chaing Kai Shek, refused.
Warning Is Issued
Forces of the Central Government
and the Japanese regular armies were
engaged northwest and southwest of
Peiping and south of Tientsin. Ja-
panese naval patrols faced Chinese
soldiers in Shanghai, where a Japan-i
ese naval officer, a sailor and a Chin-
ese soldier were killed.-
The Japanese high naval com-
mand met in the great fortified naval
barracks which the Nipponese com-
pleted two years ago on the river
front and debated their course of ac-
tion.
Resume Normal
Activities After
Sit-bown Ends
Normal production was resumed at
the American Broach & Machine
plant yesterday while negotiations to
effect a final settlement on workers'
demands were held during the after-
noon at the City Hall.
Working under a truce agreement
arranged through the intervention of
Governor Murphy, representatives of
the city, workers, UAW and company
conducted negotiations which a
prominent city official described as
"amiable." Further conferences will
be held, probably starting on Wed-

nesday, to discuss working condi-
tions, wages and hours.
The 36-hour sit-down and picket-
ing which followved the plant's evac- 1
uation came to an end Friday after
a conference with Murphy at Lan-
sing. The only agreement made then I
was for conferences to begin within1
five days.
Loan Negotiations
For China Finished
PARIS, Aug. 9.-AP)--Dr. H. H.
Kuirg, China's smiling finance minis-
ter, completed today the second series
of loan negotiations on his European
tour to reorganize his nation's fi-
nances.
A brief announcement said French
bankers had agreed to help to in-

Trial Proceedings
May Be Suspended
BERLIN, Aug. 9.-(P)-Indications
tonight were that some Nazi quar-
ters desired to drop trial proceedings
against The Rev. Martin Niemoeller,
Protestant leader in the fight against
I government regulation of chunh af-
fairs.
An end to the affair was under-
stood to be desired because of last
night's demonstration parade by
members of Niemoeller's congrega-
tion, irked by a ban on a public prayer
meeting planned on his behalf.
Another possible factor was the re-
cent acquittal of the Rev. Otto Di-
belius ,another prominent protestant
who was tried for an old open letter
upholding that Christ was a Jew.
Niemoeller's trial was postponed
today, having been scheduled orig-
inally for Tuesday. No new date was
made known.
Organizers Tell
Board Of 'Fear'
In Labor Ranks
Republic Steel Company
Refuses To Sign With
Representative Leaders
CANTON, O., Aug. 9.-(P)--Two
CIO organizers told the National
Labor Relations Board today of
"fear" among Republic Steel Corp.
employes, and the board was advised
the company had refused to sign an
agreement with the leaders of an em-
ploye representative plan.
The board is investigating CIO
charges that Republic violated the
Wagner Act. Republic has contended
it did not have to sign an agree-
ment under the act. CIO called a
strike last May to enforce its de-
mand for a contract, but all Republic
plants now are operating.
Howard Porter, an or'ganizer for
the CIO Steel Workers Organizing
Committee, said "There seems to be
a lot of terror" among Republic em-
ployes when he came to Canton a
year ago. Guy L. Sweany, an organ-
izer who formerly worked for Re-
public, said workers were "afraid"
the company would find out they had
signed membership application
blanks. Both men told of being
trailed by men they said were com-
pany policemen.
More than a hundred steel work-
ers, many wearing CIO buttons,
crowded a stuffy courthouse room
here to listen to resumption of the
hearing, which began last month in
Washington.
Edward Kirkland, a steel worker
since 1907 in the tin plate plant here
which is not a Republic subsidiary,
described the employe representative
plan from its formation in 1933.
Kirkland said that prior to the
time Republic acquired the mill, the
employe representatives had a writ-i
ten agreement covering wages andI
conditions of work, signed by the
management each year. This was,
discontinued when Republip became,
owner.
"We were told," Kirkland said,
"that they never signed an agree-
ment."
Foster Parents
Take Chicaoo
A7 'L Llr t/'1LA _T_

Reich Protests'
Expulsion Of 3

Picketing Of 'Bell'
By 5-Year-Old Boy
Causes No Worry

i
F

Picketing of the Pretzel Bell con-
e s ritters inued spasmodically through the
early afternoon yesterday in another
outburst in Ann Arbor's present era
Prominent British Writer of labor troubles.
A lone picketer, singing an indis-
Ordered From Germany tinguishable ballad at the top of
In Rletaliation his voice, paraded back and forth
in front of the entrance for some time
before he scuttled around a corner'
Home Office Still to disappear from view.
Officials at the Bell declared they
Steaedfast In Action weren't worried over the outburst,
although they did send waiters to
make the disturber go away..
LONDON, Aug. 9.-(IP)-Germany The reason for their unconcern,
protested today against Great Brit- observers said, might have been be-
ain's expulsion of three German cor- cause the picketer was five years old,

Characteristics
Of Speech Are
Listed In Talk
Speech Personalities, Both
Social And Individual,
Confused, Sapir Says
Person's 'Speech
Side' Is His Topic
Social and individual speech per-
sonalities are often confused and mis-
understood, Prof. Edward Sapir of
Yale University, visiting instructor in
the Linguistic Instiute, told the Sum-
mer Session lecture audience yester-
day in his talk on "The Speech Side
of Personality."
Professor Sapir listed seven char-
acteristics of speech, six of which he
called both social and individual.
Voice, he said, is altogether biological,
while voice dynamics, pronunciation,
morphiology, style, vocabulary and
dynamics of pronunciation are all
capable of either individual or gen-
eral social peculiarities. Voice dy-
namics he distinguished from mere
voice by describing it as "the way a
person handles foreign materials in
speech."
Affectation Often Mistaken
In discussing the confusion of in-
dividual with community speech and
idiom, Professor Sapir remarked,
"How often you will hear an Ameri-

MacLean To Speak
In Lecture Series
"Japanese Wood-block Prints and
Printing" will be the subject of J.
Arthur MacLean, curator of Oriental
art in the Toledo Museum, in the
Summer Session lecture at 5 p.m. to-
day in Natural Science Auditorium.
Mr. MacLean has played a leading
part in gaining widespread critical
recognition for modern Japanese
prints as compared with 18th cen-
tury work. In his talk he will discuss
both the old and the new artists
and their work. The lecture will be
illustrated. with lantern slides.
In connection with his lecture Mr.
MacLean has prepared an exhibit of
Japanese prints in Alumni Memorial
Hall which will remain there for the1
rest of the semester.
New Federation
Makes P ub lice
Labor Policies,

UAW Asks For
Protection To
Pass Material
Near Ford Co.
Attorney For Union Writes
Letter To Dearborn And
Gets Practical Refusal
Answer Calls Union
A 'LegalNonentity'
DETROIT, Aug. 9.---P)-Maurice
Sugar, attorney for the United Auto-
mobile Workers of America, , made
public today letters to the sheriff, the
county prosecutor and the corpora
tion counsel of Dearborn, asking po-
lice protection for union members

respondents and retaliated by order-
ing a prominent British news writer
to leave Germany within two weeks.
Norman Ebbutt, Berlin correspon-
dent of The Times of London for
about 15 years, was ordered to leave.
Since the Nazi regime came to powerI
in Germany, his articles have been
widely quoted.
Through the British foreign office
the Times was informed that the
German government wanted a Times
correspondent in Berlin "Who will,
pay less attention to work consideredl
here as trivialities and more atten-
tion to what is important."
An authoritative source indicated
the German action would not alter,
the refusal of the British home office,
announced last week, to renew labor
permits of three German correspon-
dents, two of whom already have left
England.
The British government offered no
explanation. The Conservative Eve-
ning.Standard in an editorial, asking
official light on the affair, said:
"If the men have been guilty of
espionage, it is better that the public
should be told so than that the pres-
ent atmosphere of uneasy specula-
tion should exist."
In the absence of explanation, the
Evening' Standard said, "Wide pub-f
licity is being given to theories of an
alarming character." It insisted,
however, it did not question the jus-
tice of the expulsions.
Germany's protest was delivered by
Dr. E. Woermann, charge d'affaires
in the vacation absence of Ambas-
sador Joachim Von Ribbentrop, but
it followed a week-end conference
between members of the German
Embassy Staff and the Ambassador at
Renfrew, Scotland.
Forces Rushed
ByGovernment

4

grimy and having the time of his life.
This report was neither verified or
denied, however.
Auto Accidents
Cause 6 Deaths
Over Weekend
One University Student Is
Injured; Four Others,
Also Are Treatedl
(By Associated Press)
At least six automobile accident
victims died Monday in Michigan.
Some of the victims were involved
in smashups over the week-end.
The Michigan toll for Saturday,
Sunday and Monday was at least 23
dead and many injured.
Deaths Monday:
Lewis Aiken and his five-year-old
daughter, Gladys May, of Cement
City, injured in a collision at Jack-
son.
Leo J. Gyles, 19, Grass Lake, in-I
jured when his car turned over Sun-
day near Jackson.
Rex Davis, 23, Charlotte, involved
in a collision Monday at Delta Cen-
ter. Four persons were injured in this,
accident and a stallion valued at
$2,000 had to be destroyed because of
it. The horse was being carried be-
hind one of the cars. State police
shot it.
A University student, Donald Tra-
cey, 25 years old, Grad., was one of
five persons injured in and near Ann
Arbor over ther week-end in three
accidents.
Tracey suffered a fracture of sev-
eral ribs and his nose in a head-on
collision late Sunday night between a.

who will distribute literature at the
Group Is Formed Against Ford Motor Co. gates tomorrow.
B p F e g n in reply to a previous letter from
IBoth AFL, CIO; Aims lSugar, Corporation Counsel James W.
Are Announced Greene ofJDearborn wrote last week
Arennouced_ that the UAW was a "legal nonentity"
and that city officials were "at a loss
HARRISBURG, Pa.. Aug. 9.-()-- as to whom the cityashould afford the
The new Independent Labor Federa-' police protection you desire."

I I
ij

can say
affectedc
of fact,
speaking
his own
gestures
mon to

an English speaker has an
delivery, when, as a matter
the Englishman is merely,
in the manner common to
group." Similarly, certain
and voice inflections com-
Frenchmen are often re-

t
i
i
I
II
It
I;

garded as the characteristics of in-
dividuals, who are therefore consid-
ered emotional, witty, effeminate,
etc., depending on what qualities the1
auditor associates, through past ex-
periences or learning, with the French
nationality.
"We see an Italian in the street;
talking in what sounds to us like a
rapid voice," Professor Sapir con-s
tinued, "and say to each other, 'how'
excitable he is!' when as a matter of
fact he may be a person of excep-
tional coolness. We don't take into
consideration his social background,
and the fact that his speech and ges-t
tures are peculiar to it."
Social Background Considered E
We sometimes accuse a man ofi
possessing vulgar habits of speech be-

tior
icie
ing
"Sic
c
Fed
pos
Lab
tria
pur
ica
pay
wit]
inti
we
con
sta
uni
secs
nou
c
hea
def
due
tior
wa
era
ina
and
Pa.

n of America made public its pol- Scores Greene On Letter
es for the first time today, declar- Sugar, in his letter today, wrote:
it would use strikes,-walk-outs and "It is to be regretted, Mr. Greene,
that your knowledge of the law is not
ow-ups" only as a last resort. as great as your devotion to the Ford
Clark M. Seltzer, councel for the Motor Company. The International
deration which was formed to op- Union, United Automobile Workers
se both the American Federation of of America, is not a corporation and
it is not a partnership, but if you
bor and the Committee for Indus- will turn to page one of an appro-
al , Organization, announced this priate treatise on the subject, you will
rpose: no doubt be startled to note that the
'To preserve the right of the Amer- union is an unincorporated voluntary
n working man to work without association, falling in exactly the
ying tribute to a racketeer and "same legal category "as thousands of
hout fear of violence, coercion or other groups-unions, lodges, clubs
,imidation." and societies.
The federation was organized a "Apart from all this, the union
ek ago at nearby Hershey, in a newspapers are really not going to
ivention of delegates from several be distributed by any nonentity.
tes representing unaffiliated Newspapers are not distributed by in-
ions. tangible entities existing only in con-
The dorganization meetings were templation of law. So, even if the
ret and the results were not an- union were a nonentity, what does
Cnced until today. that have to do with it? You can't
Chares E. Hallman, of Hershey, assault or slug or kick or beat up an
ad of the Independent Union which intangible entity any more than you
feated the CIO in an election con- can assault or slug or kick or beat up
Bted by the National Labor Rela- a nonentity.
ns Board, after the April 7 riot, Really Want Protection
s named president of the new fed- "What we really want is protect
tion. The other officers are Reg- Lion fordpeople, real, live American
Ad Boote, Ilion, N.Y., vice president men and women of flesh and blood
d Mrs. Maude Painter, Lebanon, who propose to do what they have
secretary. a perfect legal right to do. Your
-Iletter must be considered more than
I1k Ensem ble a mere impertinence. It must be
icii considered as a direct incitement to
violence on the part of those inter-
[s Featured On ested in depriving the union of'their
constitutional rights."
Distribution of a Ford edition of
Faculty Concert the United Automobile Worker, Union
newspaper, will take place between 2
and 5 p.m., Sugar informed Sheriff
nusual Program Offered Thomas C. Wilcox and Prosecutor
Duncan C. McCrea. Sheriff Wilcox
For Affair Which Starts was asked to provide "adequate pro-
At 8:30 P.M. Today tection."I
A score of union members were
beaten by Ford employes during a
The 1937 Chamber Music Ensemble previous attempt to distribute litera-
the School of Music, under the di- ture at the Ford gates on May 26.

i

car he was driving and one with!
Paul Arms, 19 years old, 906 River0

St., Ypsilanti at the wheel.
To Stop Drive MAlso iDurerd in the accidentwe ~
To toMary Duhig, 21, of Port Huron who1r
has a possible skull fracture; and
Battalions Move To Teruel Otto Barnum, 28, of 806 River St.,
Ypsilanti.
Front To Throw Up More Miss Ruth Walker, 820 Joy Rd.,i
Fortifications was badly cut over the left eye whent
she fell off a motorcycle driven byL
Ervin Krueger, 745 Fountain St., Sun-x
HTENDAYE, Franco-Spanish Fron- dlay night. Two other accidents in1
tier, Aug. 9.-(P)-Government labor which no one was injured occurred
battalions rushed to the Teruel front over the week-end.r
in Northeast Spain tonight to throw __er__he___ek_-ed.
earthworks and fortifications across
the path of the Insurgents' steadilyEy
lengthening salient. Mo r. T m
The whole town of Canete, which l orePay, Lessime#
straddles the Cuenca-Teruel highway,
apparently was to be transformed LANSING, Aug. 9.-(IP)-A group
into a fortress for a stand in *de- representing employes of the State
fense of the vital government com- Liquor Control Commission appeared
munications between Madrid and Va- before the commission today to ask
lencia on the east coast. for higher wages, shorter working
Canete is about 40 miles on a direct hours, and seniority rights.
line southwest of Toril, southernmost Edward W. McFarland, chairman
tip of the Insurgents' finger-like sal- of the Commission, gave the delega-
ient It is on a main highwav east tion COpiS of the Commission',nn

cause of a single example of a word
or syllable which we have become ac-
customed to hearing pronounced in
a certain manner and which he pro-
nounces some other way, buta way
which isiconsidered correct in his
own locality.
Turning to behavior characteristics
in speech, Professor Sapir pointed out
that students of psychology inform
us that there are certain desires, im-
pulses and motivations which are ex-
plicit in various overt signs. They
are also often found expressed in
more disguised shape in speech, as
when a person is angry, amused, or
melancholy. "It is unavoidable," he
concluded, "that the conflict situa-
tions of ordinary life should be re-
flected in habits of speech."
Leoislation For
z O
Farms Will Be
Drafted Later

P

U
of

rectlon of Pro. Hanns Pick, will pre-
sent the next faculty concert at 8:30
p.m. today in Hill Audtiorium.
The program cosists of music' not
often performed, and features the
chamber orchestra, instead of the;
more intimate groups, such as the
string quartet, which usually appear
on recitals of chamber music.
Included on the program are a

Debate Contest
To Be Decided
Through Ballot

I __._ _a uC pyavane'for strings, by Purcell, a The tenth annual Summer Session
l J of Cuenca and southwest of Teruel. roll and budget and invited the mem- .'colorful set of two dances by De- debating contest among high school
Although Insurgent quarters ex- bers to offer definite suggestions if Roosevelt Wins Assurance bussey-the first movement from the debate coaches was held last night in
Mother Of Donald Horst petedthe government to mass its de-lthey could ascertain whethr That It Will Be Drawn "Quartet for Piano," a selection from Angell Hall before an audience of 150
Sense forces there, the Government money allocated would permit wage Strauss, and one from Saint-Saens. people.
Signs Document Giving ilso fortified positions closer to Toril and hour readjustments. Upon Reconvening The members of the chamber mu- The question was "Resolved, that
and in the Valdemeca Mountain The delegation representeda sic class who will participate in the the Several States Should Adopt a
Consent To Adoption passes northeast of Cuenca, capital known as the State, County and Mu- WASHINGTON, Aug. 9. -(P) - recital are: Kenneth Ball, John Boll- System of Unicameral Legislation."
of Cuenca province. nicipal Workers of Michigan, a Con- President Roosevelt won assurance inger; Neil Certain, Jeanne Clark, The debaters arguing for unicamer-
CHICAGO, Aug. 9.-(I)-Little Insurgent field headquarters on themieefrIdsia Organization, today, in the face of a falling cotton James Dunlop, Earl Frost, Walter 1 legislation were R. L. Strawn, In-
Donald Horst went back home today Teruel front said their observation Affiliate. It was composed of Rolandmtodanthe a teAgicltneJame, DnlepeorLus, Weler eedegi an;rR.yL.nd ai-
with his fostrparensMr.ndMrs.planes sighted a column of Govern- S. Phillips, president; Frank Dittmer, market ,that the Senate Agriculture Ihrke, Dan Klepac, Leo Luskin, Helen dependence, Kan; Raymond Hamil-
with his foster parents, Mr. and Mrs. 'Committee will draft farm legislation Lutes, Mary Frances McDonough, on, Vassar, Mich.; A. S. Weeks, Cold-
Otto Horst. bag-laden trucks moving up fron Ray Aersa of Detroit. within a week after Congress re-con- Myron Myers, Stanley Myers, Max water. The team supporting bicam-
Cny daEnKJa kC entucne vn pfrmRyAesao evenes. Mitchell, Wendell Obey, Andrew Pon- eral legislation was composed of
County Judge Edmund K. Jarecki Cuenca to Canete. --M ,osvl hmsn
awarded them temporary custody of M.Roosevelt has said he will not der, Sigvald Thompso, Bruce Wal- Kenneth Scott Wood, Eureka, Calif.;
The se ourneradiheyrhad n- ast Ph oo rdra lei recommend federal loans to boost ter, Ross Williams and Calla Jean Carney C. Smith, Flint; and Miss
the 31 months old child pending a tercepted a Government radio broad-s C prices of cotton and other crops until Wilson. Olga Kobasa, Republic, Penn.
hearing Aug. 23 on their petition to cast ordering "all able-bodied men in Les Completed Congress enacts legislation controll--- The affirmative team was selected
adopt him. Cubuild a lacework of barricades in g productions Are from members of Prof. Carl G.
The boy's real mother, Miss Lydia its streets and to encircle it with ROCHESTER, N. Y., Aug. 9.-(A- The government crop reporting erBrandt's class in debating, and the
Nelson, who signed a document giv- trenches. Believed by its makers to be the service, meanwhile, forecast a cotton1 Expeeted For Rae negative represented Prof. G. E.
ing her consent to the adoption, was ____ fastest in the world, a new photo- crop of 15,593,000 bales for this year, Densmore's class in stage and radio
not in the crowded court chamber , graphic lens has just completed tak- an increase of 3,194,118 over 1936. diction. S. J. Candell, Canton, Ohio,
when her dark-eyed son was rec- Excursion To News ing pictures of light rays which left Cotton prices immediately fell off I SELFRIDGE FIELD, Mich., Aug. 9. acted as chairman.
laimed by the couple who had neared distant stars before dinosaurs trod sharply, with December cotton closing -(P)-Better weather conditions and Ballots were distributed to the
him since the day of his birth. Plant Is Sponsored the earth- in New York at 10.37 cents a pound. more recent models of air racers are members of th eaudience to deter-
The happy Horsts lifted the lad The baursch and Lomb Optical By a unanimous vote, the Senate epected to help smash speed records mine a shift of opinion. The team
fi'om the Judge's knee. Mrs. Horst A tour thiough the Ann Arbor News Company announced tonightscompe Agriculture Committee agreed to sub- for military aircraft when the 13th which causes the greatest number of
sobbed:,, int tomrrow will h th last um- ion of tests of the new lens by Dr mit a farm bill to the Senate within running of the Mitchell Trophy Air shifts in opinion will be declared the

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