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August 07, 1937 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1937-08-07

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The Weather
Partly cloudy, warmer today;
tomorrow probably local thun-
derstorms.

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Editorials
Franco's Latest
Move...

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLVI. No. 35 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUGUST 7, 1937

'PRICE FIVE CENTS

Fear Of War
Spreading To
Central China
Japan, China And America
Start Move Of Nationals
From District
Hankow Center Of
Hurried Evacuation
TOKYO, Aug. 6.-()-Jap-
anese officials endeavored to-
night to allay fear that situations
might arise in the north China
conflict in which the United
States could be involved.
Foreign Minister Kki Hirota
told Parliament that the United
States government was "careful-
ly guarding" against reported at-
tempts by Chinese officers to en-
list American aviators.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-(P)-
Secretary Hull issued an indirect
warning today to any Americans
who may be planning to take part
in the Sino-Japanese hostilities.
He said the government will
endeavor to enforce an old law,
against persons enlisting in this
country for service with a foreign
power.
NANKING, Aug. 6.-(AP)-The fear
and fever of war spread today to cen-
tral China.
Over wide areas, hundreds of miles
removed from the zone of actual hos-
tilities in the north, Japanese, Chin-
ese and American officials acted to
move their nationals from regions
which may be involved in the spread-
ing conflict.
Hankow Center Of Evacuation
Hankow, the great trade and in-
dustrial center of the middle Yangtze
Valley, was the scene of feverish Jap-
anese civilian evacuation and prep-
aration for serious trouble.
The Japanese Naval Commander
there declared a state of emergency
existed because of the concentrations
around Hankow of some 30,000 Chin-
ese troops, supposedly on their way to
the northern war front.
Marines were landed from Japanese
gunboats in the Yangtze river, sand-
bag barricades hastily thrown up
around the Japanese concession, and
all Japanese civilians except 100 ex-
service men ordered aboard river
vessels or concentrated at the water-
front for early withdrawal to Shang-
hai.i
Advise Americans To Withdraw
The United States Consul-General
at Hankow, according to reports
reaching Nanking, advised all Amer-
icans in that part of his consular dis-
trict which extends above the Yellow
river to withdraw southward to places
of safety.
This followed closely the Japanese
official intimation, delivered to the
senior foreign consul at Tientsin, that
hostilities might spread southward
to the Yellow river and advising for-
eigners living in the districts involved
be warned.
If conflict should flare up in Han-
kow, many Americans would be in-
volved. About 100 were reported in
Hankow and its Eister Wuhan cities
of Wuchang and Hanyang, scores
more in mission stations nearby and
about 300, mostly of missionary fam-
ilies, summering in the famous re-
sort of Kikungshan, 100 miles north
of Hankow in Honan Province.
Last Regular
Dance Held In

Union Tonight
The regular Saturday dance to be
held from 9 p.m. to midnight tonight
in the Union ballroom will be in the
nature of a farewell party, according
to Phyllis Miner, chairman of Sat-
urday dances, for it will be the last in-
formal dance of the Summer Session.
Charlie Zwick's orchestra, in keep-
irig with the farewell theme, will fea-
ture vocal arrangements of several
well-known Michigan songs, includ-&
ing "When Night Falls Dear," "Friar's
Song" and "'tis of Michigan I Sing."
All requests will also be played.
A special invitation to this dance
is issued to Summer Session students
who come from other schools
throughout the United States.
"The only dance next week is to be
a formal," Miss Miner said, "and this
will be your last chance to come to
an informal dance in the Union. We
wmn+ ntrartrivA -t nnnrm1

Former Barbour Scholarship
Holders Affected By China's War

Prof. Rufus Tells Of Many
Former U. Of M. People
In War Area
The increasingly serious undeclared
war between China and Japan in
North China has materially affected
the lives of many Chinese who, be-
cause of special abilities, held Bar-
bour Scholarships at Michigan in
past years, it was disclosed yesterday.
Dr. M. I. Ting, one of the most fa-
mous of the former scholarship hold-
ers, was superintendent of the Pei-
yang Women's Hospital when last
heard from. Friends here have as yet
received no word from the woman
who gained fame when she founded
two schools with the money which
Chinese custom demanded she use
for the funeral of her father. Dr.
Ting has been one of the greatest
leaders in the women's health move-
ment in North China and has held
the position of Municipal Orphanage
head at Tientsin.
Others In City
Other former 'Barbour Scholarship
holders in the conquered city, accord-,
ing to Prof. W. Carl Rufus, adminis-
trator of the Barbour Scholarships,
are Miss Antoinette Soo-hoo, head of
the English Department of Nankai
University which press reports say
has been entirely destroyed; Miss
Jina Pian Wang, whose husband,
Philip Y. Wang, is the son of the
former Bishop Wang of the Methodist
Church of .China; and Mrs. Lucy Sun
Tan, who has a family of five chil-
dren.
In 1936, Professor Rufus said, there
were 41 former Michigan students
who belonged to an Alumni associa-
tion in Tientsin which drew its mem-
bership from the city and surround-
ing territory. Half of the city's six
Insurgent Drive
In Northeastern
SpainStopped
Collapses Because Poor
Roads Prevented Rapid
Troop Transportation

commissioners had attended school
in Ann Arbor-F. C. Liu, Education;
Y. C. Li, Public Works; and H. C.
Chang, Finance. At that time eight
women who had held Barbour Scho-
larships heresupported a Barboui
Scholarship at Nankai University,
large co-educational Christian insti-
tution.
Junior Holds Scholarship
Last year this scholarship was held
by a junior girl especially interested
in chemistry, but since then condi-
tions have been so unsettled that
four of the eight have left the dis-
trict. This group of former Barbour
scholars annually presents a volume
to the U. of M. library. The first
sent was "Yang Kuei-fei, the Most
Famous Beauty of China," by Mrs.
Wu Lien-teh, a noted authoress. This
year they gave "The Far West in
World Politics" by G. F. Hudson.
In Peiping, the major Chinese city
which last fell before the advancing
troops of Japan, ten former Bar-
bour scholars are located. Three (Dr.
T. Woo, Dr. C. Y. Yang and Dr. W.
Feng) were doctors at the Peiping
Union Medical College, a Rockefeller
Foundation institution whose officials
the Associated Press yesterday de-
scribed as "almost universally
(Continued on Paze 3)
Agreement On
Trade Made By
U.S. And Russia
Soviet Is Granted Most-
Favored-Nation Degree
For First Tune,
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-OA')-A
new trade agreement between the
United States and Soviet Russia be-
came effective today, pledging Rus-
sia to increase its yearly purchases
of American goods by at least 25 per
cent.
The United States in return grant-
ed Russia unconditional most-fa--f
vored-nation commercial treatment
for the first time.
The agreement went into force up-
on proclamation by President Roose-
velt and simultaneous approval by1
the Soviet Government.
To Purchase More Goods
Russia agreed to purchase at least
$40,000,000 worth of American pro-
ducts in the next 12 months-$10,-
000,000 more than it was obligated to
buy under an agreement which ex-
pired July 12.
State Department officials said the
pact was entered into through an ex-
change of diplomatic notes on Ag.
4, with a view to "continuing favor-
able commercial relations, and in-
creasing trade, between the two coun-
tries."
Most-favored-nation treatment will
give Russia advantage of all tariff
concessions and all commercial priv-
ileges and benefits the United States
grants other countries.
Not Reciprocal Trade Agreement
The compact is not actually a re-
ciprocal trade agreement such as
those between the United States and
16 other countries, but officials said
it will have virtually the same effect.
They described the accord as "evi-
dence of the intention of the Soviet
government with respect to trade with
the United States to continue to pur-
sue policies and take actions in har-
mony with the purpose of the (Ameri-
can) Trade Agreements Act."
That act authorizes the President
to reduce tariffs as much as 50 per
cent on certain products of foreign
countries which do not discriminate
against commerce of this country.
Neglect Of Duty

To Be Charged
Against Police
DETROIT, Aug. 6-(P)-The Dear-
born Safety Commission voted today
to cite six members of the Police De-
partment with neglect of duty dur-

Wagner's Bill
For Housing
Passes Senate
Calls For Outlay Of More
Than $7,000,000 For
Home Building
Cost Restrictions
Lessen Enthusiasm
WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.-(W)--The
Wagner Housing Bill, calling for an
outlay of more than $700,000,000 to
clear slums and build low-cost homes,
passed the Senate today, but in such
circumstances that the enthusiasm of
its backers was dampened.
Senator Wagner (Dem., N.Y.) and
other administration men struggled
in vain to delete an amendment re-
stricting the cost of the housing to'
$4,000 a family unit or $1,000 a room.
Amendment Reconsideration Tabled
The amendment, proposed by Sen-
ator Byrd (Dem., Va., was passed
by a 40-39 vote several days ago, and
today the Senate tabled a motion to
reconsider, 44 to 39. Wagner and
others argued the amendment would
paralyze or kill the program. Byrd de-
clared it is necessary to prevent "x-
travagance" which, he said, had
marked the Resettlement Adminis-
tration's housing activities.
Though the five-day debate on the
bill had been strenuous, the vote on
final passage was 64 to 16.
The Senate made another impor-
tant change in the measure when
it voted to place the administration
of the program under Secretary Ickes'
Interior department, instead of an
independent agency.
Five Per Cent From Communities
The chamber also approved an
amendment by Senator Tydings
,Dem., Md.) requiring that local com-
munities put up five per cent of
construction costs and contribute five
per cent of an annual subsidy.
The original bill would have au-
thorized federal loans of 100 per cent
of the funds needed for housing proj-
ects. An annual subsidy sufficient
to maintain low rentals would have
been made entirely by the Federal
government.
Two forms of federal aid, loans and
outright subsidies, are provided in
the bill, which authorizes a $700,-
000,000 bond issue in the next three
years and an initial appropriation
of $26,000,000.
Supervision of the program by the
Interior Department was approved
by a 40-37 vote, on an amendment
by Senator Logan (Dem., Ky.). Pro-
ponents of hisamendment said there
are already too many independenti
bureaus in the government.
Theeffort to obtain reconsidera-
tion of the Byrd Amendment was hot-
ly contested.
Tammany Puts
Out 1st Banner
In Its Campaign
Senator Copeland Arrives
From Washington To
Plan Primary Drive
NEW YORK, Aug. 6.-(P)-Tam-
many Hall broke out the first banner
of the mayoralty campaign today as
its anti-New Deal candidate Sen.
Royal Copeland arrived from Wash-
ington to plan his primary drive.
The sign, 50 feet wide and two

stories high, appeared in front of
the Wigwam shortly after the Senator
emerged from a conference with Hall
Leader Christopher Sullivan com-
menting:
"Christy assured me of a united
front in Tammany-we will start the
campaign in earnest the middle of
next week."
Just what United Front Sullivan
was referring to was not clear. A
group of Tammany leaders was at the
moment rallying with the anti-Tam-
many Democratic leaders of the four
other New York boroughs around the
New Deal standard of Candidate
Jeremiah Mahoney.
Sullivan's threat that "any Tam-
many district leader not behind Cope-
land is out" was answered by Ma-
honey, himself leader of the 15th
district, with the remark that "Dis-
trict leaders are not puppets."
The potential rivalry between Ma-
honey and Fusion Candidate Mayor
Fiorello Laguardia for the labor vote

Negotiations Are Planned
As Murphy Intervention

Stops Broach C4
Led By Sound Truck, Strikers
Parade Bearing Victory Signs)

1,

MADRID, Aug. 6.-(MP)-The In-
surgents' Teruel drive in northeast-,
ern Spain has been stopped, govern-
ment commanders declared tonight,
and the initiative has passed to the
Government in that battle area.
They said the Insurgents' recent
thrust into Cuenca province, advanc-
ing the southern limits of the long,
narrow salient pointed at Valencia,
had collapsed because poor roads pre-
vented the Insurgents from bringing
up reinforcements as rapidly as the
Government.
Begins East Of Madrid
The Teruel battlefield begins
roughly 100 miles east of Madrid,.
and Insurgent drives there have
aimed at sperating Madrid from Va-
lencia and both from Barcelona, cap-
ital of allied but autonomous Cata-
lonia.
The forces of Catalonia, long inac-
tive, have entered the campaign as
effective government allies. In the
north, near the base of the Teruel
salient, strong forces of Catalan mili-
tiamen, supported by shock troops
from Valencia, closed a siege line
around three sides of Insurgent-held
Huesca.
Pressure Is Loosed
Terrific pressure has been loosed on
the Teruel front with two objectives
-to smash a wedge through Insur-
gent Generalissimo Francisco Fran-
co's lines by capturing the capital of
Huesca province and to force the In-
surgents to shift their strength from
Madrid to northeast Spain.
Now, the high command here said,
a new insurgent drive can be ex-
pected on another front. They said
Franco faces imperative need of
quick, smashing action to restore In-
surgent morale and prestige, official
quarters here said mutiny in Insur-
gent ranks, particularly in Malaga,
and Granada, had become a critical
problem.

40 Laborers, Followed Byi
36 Automobiles, Drawt
Crowd, Stop Traffic
By STAN SWINTON
d
Led by a sound truck with "United s
Automobile Workers of America" em-a
blazoned on both sides, 40 ex-strikers e
of the American Broach and Machine s
Company, paraded through Ann Ar-
bor streets last night, bearing hand- a
lettered signs that screamed such h
messages as Complete Victory Is R
Ours" and "Scabs Are Skunks-Keep i
Our City Clean.''
Followed by 36 automobiles loaded
with sympathizers, strikers' families s
and those sit-downers who didn't feel t
like walking, the men slowed traffic
to a standstill and drew crowds tog
the sidewalks.c
Forming in front of the Broachp
New Hebrew d
Constricting 1
Development c
Basic Form Of Original s
Language Is Becomingd
Pattern, Harris Says p
Despite an initial tendency to be
influenced freely by other languages, c
the new Hebrew, spoken by the thou-
sands of Jewish immigrants to Pales-
tine, is slowly constricting its develop-
ment within the basic patterns of the
ancient language. This summary was
pronounced last night by Dr. Zellig
Harris of the University of Pennsyl-
vania in the second of two Linguistic
Institute lectures dealing with the re-
vival of Hebrew as a spoken tongue.
This is not to deny, admitted Dr.
Harris, that many changes have al-
ready occurred and will continue to
occur. Those of one kind, however,
have been completed. Such changes
are the ones artificial in nature and
due partly to the fact that only thei
meagerest of traditions existed as to
the pronunciation of the language.s
The Spoken language inevitably had1
to be based upon the Hebrew of the
Bible and of such modern literature
as had been produced.1
The circumstances of the revival of
Hebrew, the coming together in Pales-I
tine of Jews from a number of dif-(
ferent countries, occasioned also theI
dependence upon foreign languages.
The immigrants naturally carried
over into Hebrew certain sounds ini
their native language so that, for in-
stance, many of them came to pro-
nounce the Hebrew glottal stop as the1
consonant "k," simply because they
had no glottal stop in their ownI
(Continued on Page 4)
Carr, Lemon,
Eby To Speak
On Education
"Education or Catastrophe?" will
be the theme discussed at 7:30 p.m.
tomorrow at the First Congregational
Church, with leaders of the discus-
sions Prof. Lowell J. Carr, of the so-
ciology department, the Rev. W. P.
Lemon, of the Presbyterian Church,
and Kermit Eby, history instructor
of Ann Arbor high school.
The Rev. Mr. Lemon will act as
chairman of the meeting, being held
under inter-denominational auspices.
Dr. E. W. Blakeman, counselor in re-
ligion, will act as chairman of the
panel discussion.
Social education needed will be the
subject of Professor Carr; interna-
tional education will be treated by
Mr. Eby; and religious education will
be outlined by Rev. Lemon.

Planned for the aid of Summer
Session students, the meeting is open
to the public.

plant at 8 p.m., it took the men
three-quarters of an hour to get
tarted because the sound truck from
Detroit West Side Local 134 was driv-
ng around town to announce the A
demonstration. Happy throngs of g
trikers and sympathizers milled y
around in front of the factory and t
agerly approached newspapermen to C
ee "when the papers come out." Men r
had brought their children and wives, w
and when an interviewer asked them p
how they felt about the settlement
wrought through Governor Murphy's If
ntervention, all wanted to talk. M
"It's OK," Herbert Kipfmiller stat- s
d and his grade school aged son, c
tanding beside him, chimed in "I a
hink it's OK too." w
"I'm tickled to death that we have t
gone as far as we have," Mrs. R. C. f
Sneider said, and her husband, a v
prominent .:member of the Broach m
UAW workers group smiled at her
and added, "Murphy gave us a square
eal." v
Two sisters who are members of t
another local union were among those b
n hand for the "victory" celebration. M
'It's swell," Violet Yanitsky said and t
ister Pauline put in "We're 100 per t
ent for it." c
A sentiment prevalent through the
rowd was echoed by Miles Alber, a d
Atriker: "We want to thank Governor h
Murphy-we appreciate what he's c
done. He's the man for working T
people."
But the typical opinion came from b
Dick Denny-"It's a good thing, of
ourse." And then the parade started. d
t
House, Senate S
Meet,Adjourn d
In Same Day"~
p
Keep Up Pretense Of Being a
In Session Until Final"
Legal Adjournment
LANSING, Aug. 6.-WP)-The Leg- p
islature met, and adjourned, today, A
keeping up the pretense of being in
session until next Wednesday when d
legal final adjournment will occur a
automatically.S
There was not a quorum in either R
house. The business of the special t
session was ended Thursday night. a
Next week only Lansing members are
expected to attend the daily sessions, t
to perform the routine motions neces- t
sary to day to day adjournment. t
Governor Murphy reiterated hisg
intention of calling another extrau
session in the fall or in January to n
deal with labor relations, rural elec-
trification, maximum hours for wom-e
en and minors and the bulging bud-1
get.
He was more emphatic in statingt
that the Legislature must do some-t
thing about finance than at any timeo
since appropriation bills calling for
$15,000,000 more than estimated rev-1
enues were deposited on his desk. f
Murphy declared he has exhaust-i
ed his veto power. He may disap-a
prove outright, but in many casesc
this is impractical because it would1
wipe out all funds for essential divi-
sions of government. He may nott
partially veto appropriations.
The executive has the power to re-
duce grants on a more or less blanketg
basis, but he claimed even the use of s
this weapon will not enable him to
bring authorized expenditures with-r
in $5,000,000 of revenues.
"The Legislature must either pro-
vide additional revenues or rearrange
the budget so it will not exceed in-
come," he asserted.
The only measure passed by the
Legislature in its "return" adjourn-
ment session was a Teachers' Ten-
ure Act, and it may be vetoed.
Exhibit Letter Asking For
Refund From Democrats

WASHINGTON, Aug. 6.--GP)-
Senator Vandenberg (Rep., Mich.)

1. Strike
Firm Capitulates To UAW;
Victory Starts Complete
Local Unionization
Strikers To Return
To WorkMonday
By CLINTON B. CONGER
The International Union of United
Automobile Workers of America
ained its first foothold in Ann Arbor
'esterday when the management of
he American Broach and Machine
Company capitulated to workers' de-
mands for negotiations on hours,
wages, and working conditions at the
lant.
The agreement caling for a truce,
ollowing suggestions of Gov. Frank
Uurphy, was made in the form of
imilar letters signed by Union and
ompany officials, in which both
greed that the striking employes
would return to work Monday and
hat negotiations would begin within
ive days to "discuss hours, wages,
working conditions and any other
matters of mutual interest."
Stipulates Any Agreement
The Governor's pact made no pro-
'ision for a signed agreement be-
ween the UAW and the company,
ut instead stipulated that any agree-
nent reached through the negotia-
ions should take the form of a letter
o local city officils signed by the
ompany's officials.
Yesterday's truce ended a four-
lay strike which began with a $6-
our sit-down Tuesdaymorning, and
hanged to pic7Ceting of the plant
'hursday morning after an agree-
nent to meet in the Governor's office
rought the strikers out of the plant.
The settlement, it was learned, was
[rawn up by Governor Murphy at a
norning conference in Lansing, with
he approval of the strikers' relpre-
entatives. At the close of the capital
egotiations, spokesmen said the two
arties were "not very far apart," and
iscussion was resumed here at 4:30
.m. Shortly after the participants
ad met, a stenographer was sent for,
nd at 5 p.m. Francis LaPointe, com-
any official, and Joe Bandrofchak,
head of the local strike committee,
nnounced to the picket lines that
the strike is over."
Drive Through Town
The news came just as the strikers
were waiting for workers inside the
plant to leave through the gates.
After brief but hearty cheering, the
pickets piled into automobiles and
drove honking through town to the
annex of the Unitarian Church on
State Street near Huron, where Victor
Reuther, Detroit organizer, submitted
he terms of the settlement to them
and had them approved.
For the UAW, according to Reu-
her, the victory yesterday marked
he beginning of an intensive drive
o unionize all Ann Arbor workers en-
gaged in making parts or machinery
used in the manufacture of auto-
mnobiles.
The King-Seeley Corporation, larg-
est factory in Ann Arbor, which has
nearly 1,200 employes at normal
levels, was named as the net objec-
tive. King-Seeley makes guages and
dash-board instruments, supplying
the Ford Motor Company among
other automotive firms.
"Workers at King-Seeley are now
laying the ground-work to win the
fight in their shop as you have won
in yours," Reuther told the workers
at the meeting following the lifting
of the picket lines. "They're still a
little timid, and just starting out.
Give a little push to these other
boys."
To Work All Night
He then announced that "We're
going to work all night getting out
a victory pamphlet telling what we've
accomplished, and tomorrow after-
noon we'll distribute them from house

(Continued from Page 4)
Dorais Takes Lead
In Coaching Poll
CHICAGO, Aug. 6.-P)--Charles
(Gus) Dorais, University of Detroit
grid mentor, swept into a command-
ing lead tonight in the poll to select
coaches for the Collegiate-Green Bay
Packers football battle Sept. 1 at Sol-
dier Field.
Dorais had 2,215,702 points to 1,-
911,730 for the second-place Lynn

r
r
f
t
T

ing disturbances attending a Union
rhir iedattempt to distribute handbills at
the gates of the Ford Mtoor Co. plant
rT~'1 May 26.
To Be Held TonightMa"
The commission deferred hearings,
however, until Sept. 13. James E.
The third in the series of mixed Greene, Dearborn's corporation coun-
recreational swims sponsored by the sel, said a test of the legality of a one-
faculties of the department of physi- man grand jury investigation by com-
cal education during the Summer mon pleas Judge Ralph W. Liddy, who
Session, will be held from 7:45 to 8:45 recommended the officers be cited,
n m tonigrht in the swimming nool at I would be completed by that time.

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