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July 19, 1934 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1934-07-19

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The Weather
Unsettled today and tomor-
row, probably some scattered
showers; warmer today.

I

Official Publication Of The Summer Session

Editorials
Breadth Of The San Fran-
cisco Strike . -. Vote In The
(All-Star Football Poll ...

A,

VOL. XV No. 21 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, JUILY 19, 1934

PRICE FIVE CENTS

W aite Cites
Failures Of
C 0 L
rimLe aws
IPoints Out Loopholes In
Judicial Procedure Now
In Use

100 Take Second Excursion
To River Rouge Industries

Mentions A Bribe
Case As Example
Speaker Scores Lack Of
Adequate Training For
Police
The spectacular failures in crim-
inal law are far more numerous than
the brilliant successes, according to
Prof. John B. Waite, who spoke yes-
terday in Natural Science Audito-
rium on "Enforcement of Criminal
Law."
"Stating it dogmatically," said Pro-
fessor Waite, a "material increase in
the efficiency of criminal law cannot
ensue by merely changing the laws."
There are, however, some exceptions
to this rule, according to the speaker,
and one change in law cited which
would improve the efficiency of the
present system was to give authority
to magistrates to interrogate prisoners
before they have a chance to get to-
gether and frame up a logical set of
lies.

By CLINTON B. CONGER
In one building at the Ford River
Rouge plant, there's a man who does
nothing but haul red-hot crankshafts
out of a furnace all day. . In another
building a worker drills a hole in the
edge of gear after gear. In a third
a foreman marches up and down un-
der a travelling crane, blowing his
whistle when he wants them to dump
a three-ton bucket of molten pig-
iron. It all goes into the making of a
new Ford, and these were only a few
of- the many processes seen at River
Rouge -yesterday by students who
made the sixth of the Summer Ses-
sion excursions with Professor Coe.
The first bus of the fleet that made
the trip was filled just to capacity
with 33 students. The second car-
ried 35, with the two extra passen-
gers lying in the baggage racks in
Pullman style. And the two buses
were followed by six or seven private
cars with about 33 more passengers.
All in all, about 100 students made
the trip, with about as many men as
women in the party.
They left Ann Arbor at 12:45, and
arrived at the plant at about 2 p.m.1
There it was decided to visit the openj
hearth furnaces and casting rooms1
rather than the power plant, because

of two special classes that were mak-
ing the trip who wanted to see these
two units.
So the first department visited was
the huge building housing the ma-
chine shops. Here the various parts
of the engine are guaged, adjusted,
and fitted together, and then the hun-
dreds of parts swing off on the end-
less belts to the main motor assembly
line. Here specialization of labor is
at its best. At one point a worker
spends his working day weighing and
counting pistons; they may not vary
more than two grams in weight. An-
other shoves bolt after bolt into the
engine block, while his partner tight-
ens them with an air-driven socket-
wrench. Farther on one man swings
the completed motor-blocks off the
endless belt and deposits them on a
special carrier that hauls them across
the grounds to the final assembly line.
Here the car is started down the
slowly moving belt as the mere frame
with the two axles attached. But
don't try and find out how the Ford9
is assembled. Houdini and Thurston t
weren't quite so mystifying. While you1
watch them put on the rear wheels,
they sneak up behind you and bolt on
the radiator. And half-way down the1
line you find that they got the gas-1
(Continued on Page 4)E

Thorpe Holds
English Class
Most Valuable
'All Liberal Education Is
Dependent On.Ability To
Write Well,'_He Says
English Teachers
HeldResponsible,
Presentation Of Ideas
Reverts To Mastering
The Language Well
The English teacher seems to be
held responsible for altogether too
much, under the present system of
schooling, declared Prof. C. D. Thorpe
of the English department yesterday
in a speech before the four o'clock
conference of the School of Educa-
tion.
"If a student can't read his history
lesson or his mathematics problem,"
Professor Thorpe said, "suspicious
eyes at once roll toward the English
room; if he can't spell or punctuate
or write sentences, the English teacher
is blamed. It is a strange world."
In presenting these examples, Pro-
fessor Thorpe was emphasizing the
main point of his address; that Eng-
lish, being only the adequate trans-
mission of ideas, was of concern to
every teacher "interested in educa-
tion," not alone of those of the
English department.
Other Classes Agencies
The fact that other classes become
agencies for the teaching of English
does not lessen, but rather increases,
their effectiveness for instruction, the
speaker continued. "Mathematics,
science, history, or any subjects are
successful only when students know
how to present their ideas logically,"
hie said..
Professor Thorpe expressed his
"skepticism" concerning the student
who is reported to make A's in his
social studies and the sciences despite
the fact that his ability to use lan-
guage is incoherent and his expression,
is obscure. "How can one know," said
Professor Thorpe, "that a boy under-
stands civics or history if he can't
express in good English what is in his
head?"
The first essential in acceptable;
English work, beyond the rudiments

A.F.L. 'Not Guilty'

S

I/

tr*ke End
As Leaders
Appeal To

Make
Lsvabor

I VA--

Seen

Willim Gren,
William Green, president of the
American Federation of Labor, calls
general strike "unauthorized" by the
A.F.L.

Tigers Defeat
Senators And
Stretch Lead

Mentions Bribe Case
"A case illustrating this point,'
stated Professor Waite, "is South-
worth and Tobin, who were indicted
for accepting bribes recently. They
were not interrogated immediately
upon arrest because the lawtwouldn't
allow it and as a result they had
ample opportunity to get together and
fix up a logical story for their ac-
tions"
Professor Waite explained that there
was a strong movement afoot at the
present time to establish a new law
which would allow a magistrate to
examine a prisoner immediately upon
arrest even though the prisoner would
not be obliged to answer any ques-
tions.'
Outside of the laws there is ample
opportunity for reform, according to
Professor Waite. The chief reason for
the - failure of law enforcement is
due to the inefficiency or incapacity
of some of our officials whose duty
it is to enforce law.
"It is obvious," continued Professor
Waite, "that criminals cannot be pun-
ished without first being caught. To
achieve success in this we must have
intelligence and honesty, training in
our police forces, and less political
interference."
'Police Lack Training'
Policemen, on a whole, are fairly
intelligent, the speaker said, and are
not anymore dishonest than mer-
chants, politicians, or firemen. What
they all lack is a sufficient amount of
training.
"The London policeman, for ex-
ample, serves from two to ten years
longer than the American policeman.
The amount of experience they get
during this period is enough to make
them far better trained than our
officers."
There is a very hopeful movement
along this line being started in Mich-
igan, according to Professor Waite.
The State Police have established a.
training school for police officers but
unfortunately there is no compulsory
attendance.
Professor Waite said that our po-
lice units are also woefully weak in
the matter of co-operation. "There
are 60,000 absolutely unco-ordinated
units with no central authority."
Cites Hamtramck Case
Professor Waite cited the Ham-
tramck vice scandal which occurred
several years ago. "Here is the city
of Hamtramck completely surrounded
by Detroit. The Detroit police had
started a war against prostitution
and gambling so the Hamtramck poli-
ticians invited all of these groups
to open up in Hamtramck and the
Detroit police couldn't do a thing
about it."
Beyond the police there are all
sorts of officials who affect law en-
forcement, according to Professor
Waite. Judges, in the speaker's opin-
ion, are the most potent factor in the
whole gamut of law enforcement.
Although I do not know of a de-
liberately dishonest judge," stated
Professor Waite, "I believe that the!
system gets the best of all judges. The
uncertain tenure of office stops
judges from being too forceful."
Professor Waite criticized the Amer-
ican people for their apathetic atti-'
tude toward criminals. "We condemn
crime but not criminals," he con-
cluded.

Bridges Bests Whitehill, 4
To 2, As Cleveland Again
Downs New York
DETROIT, July 18.--The Detroit
Tigers won their second.straight from
the Washington Senators today, 4 to
2, and at the same time drew away
to a lead of two and one-half games
in the American League as Cleve-
land waskmaking it two straight over
the Yankees, 15 to 14.
Tommy Bridges, who has been
jinxed by Washington throughout his
major league career, broke the buga-
boo and went the entire route for the
Tigers, allowing seven hits, four of
them coming in the last two innings.
He was wild, however, and issued
seven passes, one of them account-
ing for the first Senator run.
Earl Whitehill, who opposed Bridges
on the mound, lost his first gamel
of the season to his former team-
mates. The Tigers collected 11 hits
off Whitehill's southpaw slants, but
they were well scattered, and thel
Earl's work in the pinches kept the
Tigers battling to maintain their lead,
which was established in the fourth
after the Senators had pushed across
the lone counter of the game until
that point in the first.
The Tigers scored two runs in the,
fourth as a result of singles by Geh-
ringer and Rogell and a lusty double
by Marvin Owen.'
After the first when pitching lapses
by Bridges allowed a run, but one
Senator got as far as second untilX
the eighth, when three singles scored
the second Washington counter. a
Capacity Crowd
Attends First
NightOf Play'
1 R1
The first night's showing of Rich-
ard Brinsley Sheridan's "School forY
Scandal" called forth one of ther
largest audiences that has attended1
the plays given this summer by the
Michigan Repertory Players at the
Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.-
Many well-known persons fromc
among the campus notables werer
present at the opening performance.F
Among those especially noted wereL
Dean Joseph Bursley, Dean and Mrs.
Wilbur. Humphreys, Prof. Louis Eich,
Prof. Arthur Bromage, Prof. and Mrs.
Dwight L. Dumond, Prof. Earnest
M. Fisher, Prof. and Mrs. Avard Fair-
banks, Prof. and Mrs. Edgar N. Dur-
fee, Prof. and Mrs. Arthur E. Wood,
Dr. and Mrs. Nathan Sinai, Mr.
Thomas Reed and party, Prof. W. B.
Ford, Mrs. Jesse Reeves, and Mrs. C
Herman Kleene.

Manchuria To
Be Subject Of
Law Lecture
George A. Finch To Talk
Next Monday In Fourth
Of Series OfSpeeches
George A. Finch of the faculty of
the Summer Session on Teaching In-
ternational Law will give the fourth
in a series of five lectures which are
a part of the annual program of the
session Monday, July 23, in Angell
Hall. His topic will be "Manchuria.."
Mr. Finch has been a member of the
teaching. staff of the law parley for
the past three years, and this sum-
mer is conducting a course in "The
Modern Sources of International
Law," in addition to leading a group
conference on "General Principles of
International Law Recognized by Civ-
ilized Nations."
He is recognized as an authority on
conditions in the Far East, particu-
larly in Manchuria.
Mr. Finch has for the past few
years been managing editor of The
American Journal of International
Law.
The concluding lecture in the series
will be presented by Dr. James Brown
Scott, chairman of the parley, who is
schedtled to speak Monday, July 30,
on "Sanctions of International Law."
Pianist To Present
Graduation Recital
Miss Mary Fishburne, pianist, will
present a graduation recital tonight
at 8:30 p.m. in the School of Music
Auditorium.
The recital will be given in partial
fulfillment of the graduation re-
tirements of the Master of Music
degree. Miss Fishburne received her
undergraduate degree in music from
Coker College in South Carolina and
a portion of her graduate study was
pursued at Harvard University.
Miss Fishburne at present is on
leave of absence from Mary Baldwin
College, Stanton, Va., where she is
head of the piano department of the
music school. She is a student of
Prof. Joseph Brinkman.
Her program tonight includes a
"Toccata and Fugue in E Minor," of
Bach, Brahms' "Variations and Fugue
on a Theme by Handel,". short pieces
by Griffes, Lecuona, Tansman, and
Poulenc, and Caesar Franck's "Prel-
ude, Choral and Fugue."
Jean Dyer Enters
Semi-Final Round
DETROIT, July 18. - Miss Jean
Kyer, of Ann Arbor, entered the semi-
final round of the Women's State
Golf Tourney at Orchard Lake Coun-
try Club today, defeating Mrs. Carl-
ton L. Thompson of Meadowbrook,
6 and 4.
Miss Kyer, who scored low medal
in the qualifying round, will meet
Mis Margaret Russell of Red Run in
the semi-finals, while. Mrs. Stewart
Hanley, a student at Michigan dur-
ing the first semester of last year,
will meet Hoe Seignious. voung Birch

Harriet Spiess
Dies Suddenly
Of Appendicitis
Was Prominent In Many
Campus Activities; Also
New 'Ensian: Editor
Harriet Spiess, '35, prominent mem-
ber of campus activities and newly-
appointed Women's Editor of the
Michiganensian, annual yearbook,
died at her home in Owosso yester-
day from complications following an
appendicitis operation some days ago.
She is the daughter of Mr. and-Mrs.
Ray G. Spiess of Owosso..
Throughout her three years on
campus Miss Spiess had been active
in a number of extra-curricular ac-
tivities. Along with her Michigan-
ensian appointment this spring, Miss
Spiess was also elected president of
the local chapter of Delta Delta Del-
ta, her sorority affiliation on campus,
and was appointed Chairman of the
Point System Committee of the
League.
During her freshman year on cam-
pus Miss Spiess was a member of the
Freshman Girl's Glee Club and
worked on the women's staff of The
Daily and 'Ensian. She was a mem-
ber of a Sophomore Cabaret Com-
nittee, and continued her work on
the publications staffs until her Jun-
ior year, when she gave up Daily
work to accept the position of Junior
Editor of the 'Ensian.
Miss Spiess was a member of La
Cercle Francais and worked both in
the chorus and on a committee of the
1934 Junior Girls Play..
M'ADOOS ARE DIVORCED
LOS ANGELES, July 18. - (P)-
Even intimate friends of Senator Wil-
iam Gibbs McAdoo and Mrs. McAdoo
were surprised today at the news
hat the former Secretary of the
Treasury and the daughter of the late
President Woodrow Wilson had been
divorced late yesterday afternoon in
court procedure lasting little more
han half an hour.

,tudents Invited To
Inspect Observatory
The University Observatory, on
Observatory St., will be open to
students of the Summer Session
for supervised tours of inspection
tonight, tomorrow night, and Sat-
urday. Tickets for the trips must
be obtained in advance at the of-
fices of the Summer Session in
Angell Hall.
Members of the astronomy de-
partment and graduate students
in astronomy will conduct the vis-
itors through the observatory
plant on 45-minute tours begin-
ning at 8:15 p.m., 9:15 p.m., and
10:15 p.m. on each of the three
nights.
Upon the completion of the su-
pervised tours through the tele-
scope rooms, the groups will be
allowed to inspect the other equip-
ment at their leisure.
In the event of poor weather
conditions, the trips will be con-
ducted with slight alterations in
the itinerary.
Put-In-Bay Is
Seen By 162
On 7th Tour
Fine Weather And Big
Party Help To Make A
'Perfect Day'
One hundred and sixty-two excur-
sionists, by far the largest group ever
to make the Put-In-Bay tour, visited
the island in Lake Erie with Profes-
sor-emeritus William H. Hobbs yes-
terday on the seventh of the Sum-
mer Session excursions for 1934.
Officials at the island said' that it
was the best weather that they had
had all summer, and the best day of
the season so far, while Professor
Hobbs called it "a perfect trip in
every respect."
Last-minute enrollments swelled
the total to over half again as many
as were counted on at the official
"dead-line" Tuesday night. At 5 p.m.
the figures had reached 115, but the
office of the Summer Session stayed
open Tuesday evening and took more
reservations, and some students made
arrangements to join the party as late
as yesterday morning, before the
buses left for Detroit.
Thirty childrenof faculty members,
who are now attending a summer
day-camp here in Ann Arbor, made
reservations in a block, and went on
the trip under the supervision of two
of their counsellors.
Only 91 of the excursionists made
the trip to Detroit by bus, the others
going in by train and private car. But
all of them were present for the
seven-hour ride on Lake Erie in the
huge steel steamer, "Put-In-Bay."
MAJOR LEAGUE
STANDINGS
American League

For the next of the four o'clock
Ilecture series sponsored by the
School of Education, Prof. Edgar
G. Johnston will speak at 4:10
p.m. today in Room 1022, Univer-
sity High School, on "Standards
for Achievement in the Junior
High School."
of the language, is the capacity to
organize ideas, according to the
speaker. "But," he said, "this is no
more important in English than in
other subjects. Some other subjects
are more adapted to inculcate the
-idea of organization than is Eng-
lish."
Shifting to the necessity of ex-
pression, Professor Thorpe quoted
William James, who suggested that
"in' education impression without ex-
pression is useless." Professor Thorpe
gave us one great value of ex.
pression, the fact that it .led one to
utilize his ideas. And, he said, this
utilization of ideas will force the
student to clear from his mind all
the "inert ideas" which give him an
"inert mind." Professor Thorpe fur-
ther said that "all teachers, of no
(Continued on Page 4)

t
I
I
k
C

Spokesman, And Rossi
Call For Settlement
Federal Authorities
RemainOptimistic
Bridges, Le f t ist Leader,
Calls Strike Over; Later
Repudiates Comment
SAN FRANCISCO, July 18. -(-
Public statements which in effect
called upon labor to discontinue the
general strike in San Francisco were
issued late today by Hugh S. John-
son, NRA administrator and govern-
ment spokesman in the dispute, and
by Mayor Angelo Rossi.
The statements came amid a cycle
of raPidly developing events in which
powerful influences.began to work to-
ward united action for ending the
extended strike of Pacific Coast mari-
time workers and the mass walkout
of 100,000 workers here in support of
the maritime unions.
In the course of the fast-moving
developments Harry Bridges, militant
leftist leader of striking loneshore-
men, remarked to newspapermen
"The general strike is over, but the
longshoremen are not beaten."
Repudiates Comment
Later Bridges repudiated his com-
ment.
Johnson, who but an hour previous-
ly had been designated government
spokesmnan in negotiations between
the Federal longshoreman strike
board and the shipping operators
Associated Press pictures of the
San Francisco strike appear on
pages three and four of today's
issue of The Daily.
involved in the dispute, said in his
statement:
"I am here to do what the Fed-
eral government can do to aid these
coast communities to settle this
trouble. It is their job in the first
instance. But the Federal government
cannot act under the continuing
coercion of the general strike. The
first step to peace and agreement is
to lift the strike. Until this is done
I have nothing to offer."
Rossi Makes Statement
Rossi's statement:
"In the presence of a general strike
nothing can be arbitrated or accom-
plished; the strike must be ended."
Four newspapermen, including an
Associated Press reporter, said they
had understood Bridges to say "The
general strike is over." He was quoted
further as saying "The reason the
general strike is busted is first, the
street car men going back to work;
second, the lifting of the ban on food
and gasoline; and third, mismanage-
ment of the general strike."
It was the walkout of 12,000 Pacific
Coast longshoremen whom Bridges
represents, that precipitated the gen-
eral strike in the San Francisco area,
beginning last Monday.
Bridges' comments were made in
an interview.
These developments followed a for-
mal call of the Federal Longshore-
men's Strike Board for immediate
cancellation of all walkouts and sub-
mission of all central issues - those
in the longshoremen and maritime
(Continued on Page 3)
Large Entry In
State Amateur
GolfTourney
LANSING, July 18. - (P)-More
than 150 club and public link stars
are expected to compete in the an-
nual Michigan amateur golf tourna-
ment which opens at the Lansing
Country Club course Thursday.
Chuck Kocsis, University of Michi-
gan ace, will defend his title against
a field which includes two teammates

on the national championship team,
Cal Markham, 1935 Michigan cap-
tain-elect and finalist in the state
meet last year, and Dana Seeley.
The advance guard found the
course groomed and ready for tour-
nament play. Officials of the club
threw it open for free practice rounds
for all participants. Blake Miller,
club professional, predicted it will not

Evelyn Cohen, Costumiere For
Summer Players, Describes Art

{
i

Detroit ...............
New York ............
Boston .............
Cleveland ..............
Washington...........
St. Louis . ............
Philadelphia ..........
Chicago ..............

W
.53
.49
.47
.44
.41
.36
.32
.28

L
31
32
38
38
44
41
50
56

Pct.
.631
.605
.553
.537
.482
.468
.390
.333

By ELSIE PIERCE
The job of costuming such a large
production as the Yorktown Sesqui-
centennial Celebration in 1931, in
which 6,000 actors participated, re-
quires more executive ability than ar-,
tistic talent for designing costumes,
Miss Evelyn Cohen, costumiere for the
Michigan Repertory Players, said yes-
terday in her lecture, "Costuming on
a Large Scale."
Because of the fact that the York-
town Pageant was a Federal enter-
prise, financed by a $100,000 appro-
priation from Congress, Miss Cohen
was forced to accept at least three
bids from rival companies for orders
exceeding $100, and then give the
order to the company with the lowest
hid "This bid system was our great-

order in small lots wherever we could
obtain them. This was, of course, a
needless waste of money and time."
The celebration consisted of three
separate pageants on successive days.
The first depicted the beginnings of
the thirteen colonies, the second the
military campaign at Yorktown, and
the third the surrender of Cornwallis
and the banquet which followed it.
To conclude the pageant a masque
was presented which pictured the de-
velopment of the United States from
the days of the. Revolution, showing
the agricultural age giving way to
the westward emigration movemeht,
which in turn was superceded by the
machine age and finally the jazz age.
Since it was impossible for Miss Co-
hen even to supervise personally the

Yesterday's Results
Detroit 4, Washington 2.
Cleveland 15, New York 14.
St. Louis 3, Philadelphia 2.
Boston 16, Chicago 3.
Today's Games
Philadelphia at Detroit.
New York at Chicago.
Washington at St. Louis.
Boston at Cleveland.
National League

Jury Hears
Poder jay

Steward On
Conversations

New York . .
Chicago ....
St. Louis ...
Pittsburgh .
Boston .....
Philadelphia
Brooklyn ...

- W
...........54
...........51
... . .....47
.. ....41
....... . .43
....... .36
...........35

L
31
34
35
39
42
49
50

Pct.
.635
.600
.573
.513
.506
.421
41 2

NEW YORK, July 18. - (P) - Ce-
cil T. Churcher, steward on the liner
Olympic, appeared before the Grand
. Tir r - )r, ..vsr c - ---

-

I

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