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July 12, 1934 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1934-07-12

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JULY 12, 1934


V A VvV T".",



Gives Views Oii
Present System
Of Taxing Poor

Discusses Needs Of Education At Summer Conference


Foreign Press Is Attacked By Goebbels

Detroit Wins
From Nats In
Eighth, 13-

Frisch Scoring After Homer In All-Star Game


State Education Executive
Advises Conference In
Leading Speech
-lits Modern Way

Says Many Child
Wasting Time
Present System

iren Are

(Continued from Page 1)
will need to learn this lesson abov
all other lessons."
In a further discussion of the com
ipg manner of education, Dr. Voelke:
contrasted the teaching methods o:
discipline and guidance. Educationa
methods of the past were, he said
largely concerned with discipline. Bu
this discipline, he said, "meant mor
than control of individual conduct
It meant the regimentation of hi
entire life. They taught the chil
to think and what to think. The
molded his mind into the social pat.
tern of the time."
In a critical comment on the typ
of studies given students in past years
Dir. Voelker described them as "dis.
agreeable." "And the more disagree.
able the better they were suppose
to be," he added. "The student wa
supposed to learn to do things tha
he hated to do. The result was, o:
course, that only a small percentage
of those who went to school secure
the naximum benefits."
Dr. Voelker outlined what he callec
"the modern way" as one which wil
"guide the children to the place
which they will find interesting and
absorbing." This, he said, will mean
that each one will need special guid-
Sees Lack of Teachers
The speaker foresav a lack of suit-
able teaching material, saying "Where
shall we find, the teachers who can
guide? Any strong man can discipline
a child, but where can we find teach-
ers who will discover the inborn ca-
pacities and aptitudes, and who wil
be able to create a curriculum which
will entice the youngster to go to the
limit of his capacity in the develop-
.ment of his creative energy?" As a
corollary to this problem, he stated
what he thought to be perhaps the
most important educational problem
of the day: "How shall we guide our
youth, intellectually, morally, scially
religiously, and politically?"
Another problem of education was
propounded by Dr. Voelker thus:
"Shall the child be adapted to the
curriculum or the curriculum to the
child?" He again contrasted modern
and ancient education, stating that
modern education is concerned with a
child-centered school while ancient
education was concerned with the
curriculum-centered school. Dr. Voel-
ker deplored the fact that many
schools are still running on the old
Discusses Standards
This, he said, is because universities
set up standards for the high schools,
He characterized these standards as
based on the thought that "those who
come up to them will be qualified for
entrance to the university, presum-
ably in courses of law, medicine, en-
gineering, or some other professional
It was Dr. Voelker's opinion that
many students, well adapted for par-
ticipation in business fields, would so
detest the studies set up in standards
for entrance to professional study
that they would be thought dull stu-
dents. "But," he said, "it is not neces-
sarily an indictment of the student
if he does not like school. One can
lead the child to the school, but it
cannot force him to study or to
Dr. Voelker then concluded this
phase of his address by stating what
he considered another great problem
of the day: "To adapt the curriculum
to the children, to start where they
can start, to go in the direction they
wish to go, to develop their interest
by bringing them problems and activ-
ities which are in line with their
Dual Education Standard
The question of a dual education
standard, one for the rich and one
for the poor, was next considered by
the speaker. Dr. Voelker emphatically
denied that the wealth or poverty of a
district should determine the educa-
tional facilities of that district.

He cited an outstanding example,
that of one district in Michigan where
no one has, gone to high school for

The riot act was read to the press of the world, especially that of
France and England, by Paul Joseph Goebbels (above), Nazi minister
of propaganda, in an address in which he said "lies, slander and mis-
representation of the true facts" were included in reports sent out of
4 Hitler's suppression of the recent "second revolution" in Germany.
Dean .B. Edmonson Describes
Work Of Education Commission

Tigers Will Clash With
Yankees For Lead In
Four-Game Series
DETROIT, July 11. - Twelve runs
in two innings gave the Tigers their
winning margin in defeating Wash-
ington here today, 13 to 7, as the two
teams paraded seven hurlers to the
After opening the scoring in the
first with a lone run, 'the Tigers
jumped to a big lead in the third when
they got onto Al Thomas and ended
up with six runs.
Washington, however, retaliated in
the fourth by scoring four runs in
the process of sending Luke Hamlin
to the showers, and added three more
runs in the next two innigs to tie the
Get Six In Eighth
In the big, weird eighth, however,
the Tigers piled up another six runs
to win the game. The inning was
not only weird, but wild also, for the
usually docile Joe Cronin was so in-
censed by a decision that he said un-
complimentary things and forced
Umpire Willie McGowan to expel him.
Jack Russell attempted to demon-
strate his support for his chief and
will probably be fined.
Peter Fox started things for the
Tigers in the eighth, doubling on one
of Russell's offerings and was safe
at third when Jo Jo White attempted
to sacrifice, on a decision which in-
furiated the Senator infield.
Gehringer Hits
Russell filled the bases after that
by walking Goslin, and Charley Geh-
ringer came through with his only
hit of the day to score two runs, and
the merry-go-round began which
ended the scoring.
Elden Auker, who took the mound
in a very shaky fashion in the sev-
enth, got the credit for the win be-
cause of his presence during the big
rally, but with Hamlin and Hogsett
he allowed 13 hits. The Gruff :hurl-
ing quartet of Thomas, Junior Kline,
Al Crowder, and Russell allowed 15
hits. Russell was the losing pitcher.
One-half game behindtthe league-
leading Yankees, Detroit will meet
New York today in the first of a four-
game series which observers pick to
be the best of the entire season.
Myer, 2b ......3 2 0 0 1 1 0.
Stone, fg......5 0 2 3 1 0 0'
Manush,if.....5 1 2 3 5 0 0
Gronin,ss.......4 1 2 3 2 0 1
Travis, 3b ......5 0 3 3 3 1 0
Schulte,cf .....3 1 1 1 3 0 0
Kress, lb ......5 0 1 1 3 1 0
Sewell, c ......3 1 1 2 5 1 0
Thomas, p .....1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Kline, p ......0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crowder, p ....0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Russell, p ......1 0 0 0 1 1 0
Whitehill ......0 1 0. 0 0 0 0
Bluege .........1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harris .........1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Totals ......37 7 12 16 24 6 1

Camp News
Cool weather prevailed at the Bio-
logical Station with brief periods of
rain intervening in the second week
of the Summer Session here at Doug-
las Lake. The stimulating effect of
this climate resulted in a varied pro-
gram of social events which include
a soft ball game between the waiters
in the dining room and the married
men, a Fourth of July picnic, and a
second party.
The ball game was attended by the
married ladies as well as the faculty
and students, and was won by the
waiters. The picnic which followed
Wednesday started off with a series of
water events participated in by the
students and children of the camp
and concluded with a supper and con-
tests on the hill in back of the camp.
The nautical idea was instilled into
the party of Saturday night both in
decorations and in the entertainment,
and the attendants at the party re-
sponded enthusiastically.
As visitors to the Biological Station
last week were Prof. K. C: Kuster of
the zoology department at Ann Arbor,
Mrs. Kuster, and their daughter Jane,
who will remain three weeks. Profes-
sor A. F. Sherzer of Ann Arbor made
a short visit Friday morning.
Florence D. Muyskens, '37.
Hitler Will Make Radio
Talk To German People
BERLIN, July 11.- )P-The Nazi
government's radio was turned into
a town crier today to announce over
and over again the importance of the
speech which Chancellor Hitler will
make to the Reichstag Friday night
and urge every German to listen to it.
At the same time, there were $rong
indications that a "white book" -
reminiscent of World War days when
governments pleaded their cases in
varicolored volumes - will be issued.
Guaranteed Pure Silk. Non-
Shrinkable. Rip-proof Seams
assuring proper fit. Sizes 32-44.
No. 8 Nickels Arcade Ph. 2-2914

-Assoclatec ±-ress Inoto
Frankie Frisch, St. Louis Cardinal manager, puts some punch into
the National league attack in the all-star game in New York with a
home run in the first inning of the classic. Here he is shown being
congratulated as he crossed the plate after parking the ball in the right
field stands.

s In the final speech of the 'Educa-
tion Conference, Dean J. B. Edmonson
of the School of Education described
the work and purpose of the Joint
Commission on the Emergency in
Education. Dean Edmonson said:
"The Joint Commission on the
Emergency in Education was appoint-
ed by the National Education Asso-
ciation and the Department of Super-
intendence in February, 1933, to in-
quire into the difficulties, financial
1 and otherwise, which the schools were
encountering, and to take action
aimed to end these difficulties.
"The scope - of the work of this
commission has been recently broad-
ened to includ'e an appraisal of the
present educational program, and to
include long-term planning for such
changes in programs as may be re-
quired to enable our schools to meet
as effectively as possible the challenge
presented to them by the changing
social, industrial, and economic order.
"The principle of equal educational
Supports Equal Opportunity
opportunity for all has been vigorous-
ly and continuously supported by the
Joint Commission. Those who would,
use the, depression to make educa-
tion the privilege of the few have been
sharply challenged. There are many
signs that the rank and file of the
people are rallying to the defense of
the principle of free public education.
"Many of the current problems of
the schools have their roots in con-
difions which existed before the on-
set of the depression. Educational
recovery involves the improvement of
these conditions. The Joint Com-
17 years, chiefly for lack of facilities.
"There are many small communities,"
Dr. Voelker said, "where the teaching
facilities, the school equipment, and
the narrow curricula have been so,
poor as to make the education of the
children practically worthless for a
modern age. Yet, only a few miles
away- from these communities there
are schools where the students enjoy
every possible advantage that modern
science and technique can give them."
Questions Handicaps
Dr. Voelker questiorned the situa-
tion which "handicaps the children of
the farmers, those in small commu-I
nities, and those in slums. If those
children grow to maturity, they be-
come a part of the state," he said.
"Many will become a menace to thet
state. But it is the state's business
to give an equal opportunity to all,
whether they be rich or poor."
As a means of bringing this about
Dr. Voelker urged the reorganization
of the State's educational system on
the basis of larger units where a broad
curriculum can be introduced, and
where a variety of teachers may be
Then, reverting to the problem
which is troubling educators every-
where, Dr. Voelker urged that the,
tax situation be reformed so that the
burden be placed on those who can
afford to pay.

mission is now analyzing and de-
fining the issues basic to educational
reconstruction. The recommendations
which national deliberative commit-
tees and other agencies have recently
made looking toward the improve-
ment of the schools are being sys-
tematically studied. The Joint Com-
mission has been authorized to con-
tinue its work in meeting the emer-
gency confronting the schools and to
draft the outline of a comprehensive
plan for educational recovery and for
the development of a school program
appropriate to the demands of the
new day.
To Study Attitudes
"A continuing survey is under way
to determine the agencies and or-
ganizations which are friendly and
which are hostile to public education
and to discover the means whereby
their attitudes toward education are
expressed. This study has been use-
ful in indicating the origin and char-
acter of the current attitudes toward
the schools.
"A special investigation has been
made of the attitude of lay maga-
-zines toward the schools, as revealed
by their articles and editorials. This
study reveals that most of these mag-
azines have a constructive viewpoint
toward education. An increasing
number of excellent articles have re-
cently appeared. The Joint Commis-
sion has outlined a program for closer
co-operation between lay magazines
and educators.
Commission Encouraged
"It has become clear to the mem-
bers of the Commission that the real
issue before the American people with
respect to education is that of the va-
lidity of the principle of free public
education for all the children of all
the people, regardless of the social
or economic status of the parents.
The Joint Commission has been
greatly encouraged by the increasing
amount of evidence that the public
school system has generous support
from millions of American citizens."

Report Record
Attendance At
Education Meet
Setting a new high in attendance,
the Summer Educational Conference,
which concluded its two-day session
yesterday at the Union, carried on the
steady growth which the Conference
has maintained since it began four
years ago. Sponsored by the School
of Education, it has become a yearly
attraction for hundreds of the State's
leading educators.
This year's Conference included five
meetings, with nine addresses made
by education officials, University fac-
ulty men, and others directly inter-
ested in school and social problems.
High spots of the 1934 session were
two speeches by Dr. Floyd Reeves, di-

rector of personnel and social de-
velopment for the Tennessee Valley
Authority. Dr. Reeves spoke Tuesday,
at the morning and afternoon meet-
ings, and both times his audience
packed the Union ballroom to capa-
city and overflowed into the corridor.
Another well-received speech was
given by Dr. Paul F. Voelker, state
superintendent of public instruction,
who spoke yesterday afternoon on
"Problems Facing Our Michigan Edu-
cational System."
Many members of the Conference
attended the annual picnic of the
Men's Education Club, which was held
following the final session of the Con-
ference. Officials late last night re-
ported a banner turn-out for the
event, which they hope to have be-
come one of the most popular fea-
tures of the Education Summer Ses-




Fox, rf ........6 2
White, cf ......5 3
Goslin, cf ......3 1
Gehringer, 2b . .4 2
Rogell, ss ......5 2
Greenberg, lb . .4 2
Hayworth, c . . .5 1
Owen, 3b ......4 0
Hamlin, p ......2 0
Hogsett, p ......0 0
Auker, p ......3 0
Totals ......41 13



4 4
3 2
1 2
1 4
2 1
2 8
2 3
3 2
0 0
0 1
0 0


BOSTON, July 11. - (A)--Gov.
Joseph B. Ely announced today that
Charles Ponzi would be given a hear-
ing on his petition for a full pardon
at 10 o'clock tomorrow, just twohours
efore immigration officials have de-
man~ded Ponzi's surrender for depor-
tation to Italy.

15 18 27 9

we close at 12 o'clock noon
through July and August
Phone 8878 "Over the Parrot'


Double Dip Sodas..........Oc
M altedM ilks.............15c
Orange, Lemon, or Limeade. 1Oc
Toasted Sandwiches .......l1Oc
Milk Shake and Sandwich. . .20c

9 E
) 0
1\ 0
) 0
2 0
1 0
0 0
) 0
) 0
L 0
) 0
4 0

GILBERT E. BURSLEY - known as "Peko" to his friends at the Univer.
sity of Michigan - is one of the campus lights who "swears" by the Summer
Directory. "I did have a friend, honestly, even before I bought a copy of
the 1934 Summer Directory," Peko says, "but now that I have become the
owner of one of those marvelous little booklets my entire life has been
changed. Today, despite my sunburned nose and forehead, lotsa people
speak to me on the street. I have already worked down through the X's
and am having a wonderful time. I carry my little yellow booklet with me
wherever I go."


Some with String Blouse
n .)9 ritl '!al.i]], Q~i M ctAf l Mi7, A 1k

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