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July 10, 1934 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1934-07-10

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The Weather
Cloudy, showers today or to-
night, tomorrow warmer and
possibly showers.


Official Publication Of The;Summer Session

VOL. XV No.13


r -- __-_ --- -_ _

I .,.,.. _ . . _._ _ _

Diplomats Are
Puzzled With
Hitler's I deas
Expose Nazi Propaganda
Machine Operating In
United States
Seek Real Meaning
Of Hess' Address
Embassies Skeptical ,As
Speech Is Seen To Be An

University History Sketched
By Shaw For Education Club,

Taking for his subject "Highlights
in the History of the University," Wil-
fred B. Shaw, director of alumni re-
lations, last night gave the members
of the Men's Education Club a sketch
of the University's history since 1817.
Mr. Shaw pointed out that the Uni-
versity was originally made possible
by the Ordinance of 1787 which, em-
phasizing the necessity of education
for good government, made land
grants for educational purposes.
The University was not started,
however, until the Catholopistemiad
or University of Michigania was
founded in Detroit in 1817. Three
men were particularly responsible for
the founding of this small college;
Judge Augustus Woodward; Father
Gabriel Richard, a Roman Catholic
priest; and John Monteith, a young
Presbyterian preacher recently grad-
uated from Princeton University. ;
Then followed a grant of land by
Michigan Indians and in 1837 the+
University was reorganized in Ann;
Henry P. Tappan was the first
Prof. Handman
To Give Eighth
Lecture Today

BERLIN, July 9.- UP) -- An ap.
parent softening of the Nazi attitude
toward Germany's neighbors and the
great powers brought a siege of call-
ers today to foreign diplomatic mis-
sions in Berlin, seeking to know the
meaning behind the address of Cabi-
net Minister Rudolf Hess.
The official German version that
this was the greatest peace speech
of modern times did not seem to sat-
isfy foreign observers, and signifi-
cance was sought behind Hess' flat-
tery of Louis Barthou, French foreign
minister, and his lavish compliments
to the French nation, especially to
French war veterans.
The fact that Hess, recently men-
tioned as possible successor to Franz
von Papen as vice chancellor instead
of Hermann Wilhelm Goering, was
chosen as spokesman for Nazi for-
eign policies also was believed to have
possible internal political significance.



And Should America
Self Sufficient?' To
Subject oF Speech

Cancel Goebbels Speech
A scheduled address by Paul Joseph
Goebbels, minister of ' propaganda,
which was to have been broadcast
to the world at 3 p.m. today, was can-
celled by German officials, according
to advices reaching New York.. He
will speak tomorrow night.
The consensus among the chief
foreign missions seemed to be that
Hess was trying to apologize for the
actions.,f the propaganda ministry,
wicif ad suggested to the entire
German press a splurge in large head-
lines of the details of an alleged plot
between some of the Germans who
Were executed June 30, and France.
Another interpretation was that
Foreign Minister Konstantin von
Neurath and Gen. Joaquin von Rib-
bentrop, the foreign ministry's envoy
on disarmament, have been warning
lIitler of the isolation in which Ger-
many finds herself and told him that
tlje June 30 executions had fallen with
somewhat unwelcome effect on for-
eign ears.
Hitler In Seclusion
A third interpretation was that the
ReichsWehr (regular army) has left
no doubt that that the belligerent at-
titude fostered by the Storm Troops
must be considered a closed chapter.
It was believed that the necessity.
had been made plain of bending every
effort toward reaching an under-
standing between France and Ger-
many, especially in view of the con-
versations in London today between
Barthou and British officials.
Hitler still was in seclusion at his
summer home near the Italian border.
All official activities have been sharp-
ly curtailed for a month during the
announced vacation period to be de-
voted ostensibly to basic social re-
construction in Germany.
NEW YORK, July 9. --(P) - Fritz
Gissibl, member of Adolf Hitler's Na-
tional Socialist Party, told a Congres-
sional subcommittee here today that
"bales of propaganda" had been sent
into the United States from Germany.
Gissibl told the special House group
that is investigating unAmerican ac-
tivities that some of the propaganda
pamphlets attacked Jews and Masons.
He declared that the materialwas
distributed by the Friends of New
Germany, an organization for which
GissibI is the newly appointed Middle
Western leader.
The committee also made public
testimony taken at a previous private
hearing purporting to show that Dr.
Hans Luther, German ambassador at
Washington, had arranged free trans-
portation to Germany for several'
American writers because he hoped
that they would present Germany in
a favorable light in subsequent ar-
Gissibl asserted that the "bales of
propaganda" came from the Foreign
Propaganda Office in Germany.
Gissibl, who succeeded Heinz
Spanknoebel as a liaison agent be-
tween the Nazi movement andG er-

Prof. Max S. Handman will deliver
the eighth special Summer Session
lecture at 5 p.m. today in Natural
Science Auditorium, speaking .on
"Can and Should America be Self-
Professor Handman will present the
case for economic internationalism,
that is, free trade, as against eco-
nomic nationalism and high tariff
barriers, which have been erected by
many countries in the last half-
The lecture will take the form of a
presentation of arguments on both
sides of the question and explain the
difficulties. inherent in working out
a pure form of either policy.
Professor Handman is an eminent
authority on economic problems and
commissions, chief among which is
the Wickersham Commission.
He served as special investigator
for the Library of Congress in 1918.
was a member of the Commission
on Public Information, and he was
also on the staff of the United States
Inquiry Commission on Terms of
Peace in 1918.
Numbered among the many socie-
ties to which he belongs is the Amer-
ican Economic Association, the Amer-
ican Sociology Society, the Economic
History Society, and the Royal Eco-
nomic Society.
Today Set For
Camp Tag Day
In Ann Arbor'
120 Boys Have Benefitted
Already; More Fu n d s
Needed For Next Group
Today is official Tag Day in Ann
Arbor, all subscriptions to go to the
University Fresh Air Camp for under-
privileged children. Some twenty of
these boys have been stationed around
the campus to distribute the tags that
will mean the continuation of the
camp's work for the summer.
According to George Alder, director
of the camp, the group of 120 boys
has been at the camp nearly three
weeks now, and plans have been made
to bring another similar group there
next week for the period of play and
instruction. But it is imperative, says
Mr. Alder, that some contribution be
had from a number equal to the en-'
tire registration of the Summer Ses-
sion - approximately 3,000.
So far this year, the public has
fallen slightly below its support of
the project in former years, hence the
urgent request by the committee in
charge. The several welfare institu-
tions of Detroit, Hamtramck, and Ann
Arbor have already selected well over
a hundred of the neediest cases in
their districts, and the boys are look-,
ing forward to the glorious three
weeks ahead.
A treatment planning committee,

president of the University at Ann
Arbor in which there were at that
time six students. One of the high-
lights of his administration was the
trouble with the fraternities in 1849
and 1850 when nearly half of the stu-
dents in the institution were expelled
for belonging to Greek letter organi-
President Tappan was removed and
succeeded by Erastus O. Haven under
whose regime the mill tax policy for
the financial support of the Univer-
sity was instituted.
Henry S. Frieze was the next presi-
dent and during his incumbency it
was decided to admit women to the
University, and the system of admit-
ting graduates from accredited high
schools on the diploma was started.
Finally, Mr. Shaw pointed out that
Michigan has been a pioneer among
state universities. It was the first to
use the mill tax for the support of the
college, the first state university to
admit women, the first to admit high
school graduates on diploma, and the
first in many other ways.
Excursion To
See Ford Plant
At River Rouge
Fourth Summer Trip Will
Be Made Tomorrow; To
Leave At 12:45 P.M. '
Students making the fourth of the
University's Summer Session excur-
sions will leave tomorrow noon for1
the trip to the Ford Plant at River
There they will see almost every
operation that goes into making the
finished Ford that rolls from the
door of the factory ready for sale.
In the River Rouge plant, the greatert
for most of the operations of theI
Ford Motor Company, are facilitiesc
for every operation carried on byE
the many industrial. enterprises1
undeirtaken by it. From the ore un-
loading docks and the furnaces thatI
melt up used car bodies to the finalc
delivery line, the River Rouge plant
is a complete unit in itself.t
Among the points to be seen on thex
1,000 acres the plant covers will beI
the blast furnaces, open hearth fur-E
paces, foundry, steel mill, rolling mill,(
motor assembly plant, and the final
assembly line, where in 45 minutes theA
entire automobile is assembled andI
drives away under its own power.t
Over 100,000 employees are em-I
ployed at the River Rouge plant whent
it is running on a capacity schedule.
The plant is a perfect example of
the Ford industrial technique: ex-
reme specialization of labor, the con-1
inuous conveyor-belt system, effi-
,iency in the standardized processingY
>f materials, and large scale produc-
The party leaves from in front of
Angell Hall at 12:45 p.m. Wednesday
.ed by Prof. Carl J. Coe, director of
xcursions, and will return at 5:30
p.m, The only expense of the trip
will be the $1 round trip bus fare.r
Reservations must be made at the
>ffice of the Summer Session, Roomf
213 Angell Hall, before 5:00 p.m.
The excursion will be repeatedf
Wednesday, July 18, for all those whof
ire unable to go tomorrow.
CHICAGO, July 9. -(P)-The drivet
f the Catholic church against inde-e
ent films was widened today to in-I
dlude offensive literature.r

┬žees Permanent Court
International Justice
Tribute To Jurist

Is Subject Of
Law Lecture
Prof. J. S. Reeves Traces
Varied Life Of 'Father
Of International Law'
Was Prominent As
Lawyer And Writer


Often called the father of interna-
tional law, he was a very many-sided
person and a peculiar product of his
age, who sought to establish the set-
tlement of controversies in terms of
Thus did Prof. Jesse S. Reeves, dean
of the Summer Session on Teaching
International Law and head of the
University political science depart-
ment, describe Hugo Grotius, noted
Dutch jurist, in the second lecture
in the conference series on "Hugo
Grotius, His Life and Times."
He traced the colorful career of
Grotius from the time hetwas born
in 1583 in Delft, Holland, to his sud-
den death from pneumonia, following
a shipwreck, in 1645.
At the age of 15, according to Prof.
Reeves, "Grotius had contacted those
eminent in the State and many great
Dutch statesmen." He also was in-
vited to serve as secretary on an im-
portant diplomatig mission. Grotius
was graduated from law school at an
early age. '
"Freedom of the Sea"
The lecturer stated that in his early
twenties the famous jurist was ap-
proached by the Dutch East India Co.,
and asked to defend their legal rights
on the seas against the Portuguese.
For his brief in this case, entitled
"Freedonr of the Sea," he, became
known as "the defender of lhe idea
of freedom of the seas."
,Professor Reeves added that, at
the same time, he was engaged in
practicing law at Rotterdam and The
Hague and also carrying on his lit-
erary work. Later he was made advo-
cate-general of Holland at The Hague.
Because of his connections with the
states-rights, liberal religions, pro-
French. party in Holland, he was
thrown into jail facing a life sen-
tence with the ascension to thA
throne in 1619 of William of Orange,
a nationalist.
His Wife Freed Him
Madame Grotius, whom Professor
Reeves described as "a compelling
personality," was imprisoned with
him, and she, with the aid of the maid
servant, freed him by packing him in
a box and shipping him out of his
imprisonment, whence he crossed the
border and made his way to the Span-
ish Netherlands.
"He continued on to Paris, where
he had many friends and, after writ-
ing the work by which he thought
posterity would judge him, 'De Ivre
Bellic Ac Pacis', Queen Christina ap-
pointed him ambassador to France
from Sweden," Professor Reeves said.
In paying tribute to Grotius, ,Pro-
fessor Reeves concluded, "I cannot
help but feel that somewhere in the
room of The- Permanent Court -of In-
ternational Justice at The Hague is
the spirit of Hugo Grotius - driven
out of his country and exiled from
The Hague - helping to secure inter-
national justice.".

Indian Origin
Is Subject Of
Guthe's Talk
Archeologists Seeking To
Establish Time, Place Of
Coming To America
Progress Divided
Into Four Periods
A s s e r t s Advancement Is
Natural As' Striving To
Improve Environment
The two problems in the work of
the archeologist in North America, ac-
cording to Dr. Carl E. Guthe, director
of the museum of anthropology, who
delivered another in the series of spe-
cial Summer Session lectures yester-
day afternoon, are whence and when
the Indian came to North America
and his history up until the time he
was found by the early settlers in
the fifteenth century.
Authorities have come to the con-
clusion, Dr. Guthe said, that the In-
dian race is a branch of the Mon-
goloid race and that they first came
across the Bering Straits into the new
world some 10,000 to 30,000 years ago.
In speaking of the history of the In-
dian race in North America, he de-
scribed the advancement of the In-
dian as natural in that they "were all
human beings only striving to make
the world a better place to live in
in accordance with their own ideals."
Are Four Periods
Dr. Guthe divided the advancement
of the race into four periods, namely
the hunting era, agricultural era,
the era of new inventions - such as
pottery and tools - and the era of
empire-builders or "city-states."
. "These improvements spread from
neighbor to neighbor untilthey were
accepted as far as both the north-
ern and southern boundaries of North
American civilization," he said. Dr.
Guthe explained that advancement
was then accomplished just as it is
at present because all native North
Americans felt that they must "keep
uip with the Joneses."
He traced the earliest beginnings of
archeology, which he described as be-
ing as "highly technical a any other
profession in North America today,"
to the gathering together of old things
in ancient Mesopotamia and the ap-
parent origin of man's interest in the
past of his own species.
Arouses Historians
A change from that concept of the
science was precipitated, however,
when students began to realize that
the objects were not only specimens
of art, but also tangible keys to the
past, he said. This discovery aroused
the interest of historians inasmuch
as it made possible the clarification of
several indefinite periods in the his-
tory of the human race.
"Archeology is now the handmate
of history because of the mutual in-
terest of the archeologist and the his-
torian in constructing the past from
specimens and other evidences," Dr.
Guthe said.
He said that archeology has existed
only 100 years in the United States
(Continued on Page 3)
Summer Band Will
Give First Concert
The first concert by the University
of Michigan Summer Band will be
given at 7:15 p.m. Wednesday on the
steps of the General Library, it was
announced yesterday by Nicholas Fal-
cone, director of the band.
Vacancies are open in every section

of the band, Mr. Falcone said yes-
terday. Any student in the University,
either man or woman, who plays any
instrument is asked to report at 4 p.m.
today at Morris Hall on the corner of
State St. and Jefferson. For those
students who have no instruments,
in Ann Arbor, school instruments will
be furnished.
A rehearsal will be held this after-
noon for those reporting. No tryouts
will be held as all those reporting will
be admitted to the band.
Second Concert To
Be PlayedTonight
The University School of Music
will present the second faculty concert
of the Summer Session tonight at
8:30 in Hill Auditorium.
The program presented will be one
of special interest. Thelma Lewis, so-
prano, will sing several numbers of
Joaquin Nin. Dalies Frantz will pre-

-Associate Press Photo
Rudolph Hess (above), minister
without portfolio in the German cab-
inet, whose speech has aroused inter-
national comment.
Recreation Is
Country's Need,
States Sharman
Problem Important, But Is
Not As Yet Thoroughly
Understood, He Adds
The American people are badly in
need of increased recreation facilities
and planning, Prof. JacksonSharman
of the School of Education declared
yesterday in a speech on "The Ef-
fects of Present Social Trends on the
Recreation Problem," given in the
Education School afternoon series of
In a thorough analysis of the in-
ter-relation of social trends and rec-
reation, Professor Sharman pointed
to the recent increase in the nation's
leisure time as a decided incentive to
"Contemporary changes in Ameri-
can society are not always apparent,
he said, in citing the recreation prob-
lem, which he characterized as im-
portant but as yet hardly understood.
Professor Sharman listed nine
characteristics of current civilization
which he stated affect recreation: the
dominant social ideals, means of com-
munication and transportation, pop-
ulation trends, the declining birth
rate, changes in industry and busi-
ness, increased amount of leisure time
changes in the types of American
family life, health conditions, and the
increase of mental disease.
All of these, he said, were different
aspects of one of the most important
problems facing the nation.
Professor Sharman was compara-
tively optimistic regarding probable
developments in recreation. He fore-
cast a department of recreation under
professional leadership in each gov-
ernmental unit, as well as an exten-
sion of adult education, and the de-+
velopment of camps. Another de-
velopment which he regarded as prob-
able and desirable was the building
of public projects such as dams and
highways by young men who would;
live in types of combined work - ed-+
ucation camps.
Beaupre Leads
In State Open
Chuck Kocsis 4 Strokes'
Behind; Shoots 70 And
73 For 143
SAGINAW, July 9.-- () - Ormandr
Beaupre, Detroit, led the field of 131+
starters in the Michigan Open golf
tournament at the 36-hole half-way
mark with 70-69-139, three under;
He was one stroke in advance of]
another Detroiter, Bob Grant, who
put together a pair of 70's for 140.;
Emerick Kocsis, Detroit pro, and;
Joe Belfore, Detroit, who led the1
morning round with 68, both finishedi
in 141, Kocsis taking an afternoon 71
and Belfore dropping back to 73.
Chuck Kocsis, amateur brother of
Emerick, put together 70 and 73 for
143, at which figure he tied with Tom
Lowery, who finished with a great 32
on the last nine, the best score of
the day on the second half of thei
course, which took great toll among
the favorites.
Tied at 144 were Frank Kennett'
of Kalamazoo and Tommy Shannon
of Detroit. Shannon had a morning

I +

Prof. Davis Will Act As
Chairman Of Opening
Playing host to many of the State's
leading educators and school admin-
istrators, the School of Education will
open its fifth annual Summer Edu-
cational Conference today with three
sessions scheduled, all to be held in
the Union.
Built around the general topic, "Ap-
praisal and Re-adjustment in Edu-
cation," the conference will comprise
addresses and open discussions on the
major social and economic problems
which face present day school sys-
University men from the School of
Education who are in charge of the
conference state that it is their hope
that informal discussion will be stim-
ulated by the varied views that will
be presented. Plans have been made
for open forum meetings to follow
all speeches,nwith the intention of al-
lowing all in attendance to express
their views.
Davis Is Chairman
Prof. Calvin O. Davis of the School
of Education will act as chairman of
the first meeting today, which con-
venes at 9:30 a.m. Two speeches are
to be given, one by Prof. S. A. Courtis
of the School of Education and the
other by Dr. Floyd Reeves, director of
personnel and social development for
the Tennessee Valley Authority. Pro-
fessor Courtis will discuss "A Review
of the Goals of' Public Education,
while Dr. Reeves will speak on "The
Social Development Program of the
Tennessee Valley Authority."
Dr. Reeves, heralded as one of the
outstanding speakers who will appear
at the conference, is widely known as
a social technologist, and is reputed
to have accomplished n o t a b 1 e
achievements in what is probably the
most important social experiment the
country has ever made, that of the
rennessee Valley.
Reeves To Speak Again
In the afternoon session which will
meet at Reeves at 2 p.m., Dr. Reeves
will again speak, this time on "Per-
sonnel Selection and Management."
With Prof. Louis W. Keeler acting as
chairman of the meeting, Prof. Ral-
eigh Schorling will lead a discussion
on the issues raised by Dr. Reeves.
Both of these men are on the faculty
of the School of Education.
"Some Steps in a Program for Edu-
cational Recovery for Michigan
Schools" will be the topic of Dr. Eu-
gene B. Elliott, who will open the eve-
ning meeting, which will convene at
7:30. Dr. Elliott is director of re-
search and personnel in the State de-
partment of public instruction. The
president of the Michigan Education
Association, Harold Steele of Jackson,
will lead the discussion which will
follow Dr. Elliott's speech. Prof. Ed-
gar G. Johnston of the School of
Education will act as chairman of the
Phi Delta Kappa Luncheon
Although no formal program is
scheduled for conference members,
they will be welcome at the luncheon
meeting of Phi Delta Kappa, men's
education fraternity, to be held at
12:10 p.m. at the Union.
Tomorrow's program, with only two
meetings scheduled, will wind *tp the
conference agenda. Dr. Paul F. Voel-
ker, state superintendent of public
instruction, will emphasize in his
speech the problems facing Michi-
gan's educational system. Dr. Voel-
ker is to appear at the morning meet-
In the afternoon session another
outstate man will speak; Dr. Paul T.
Rankin, director of research for the
Detroit public schools, will discuss
"The Scope and Significance of the
Resolutions Adopted by the Washing-
ton Meeting of the National Educa-
tion Asociation."
The climax of the two-day confer-
ence will be the annual picnic of the

Men's Education Club, which will be
open to all members of the confer-
ence. It will be held at 5 p.m. at

Angell Says Average Marriage
Age Has Decreased Since 1900

The average marriage age has de-
creased considerably in all groups,I
with the exception of the professional,
since 1900, due to the fact that young
men no longer need go through a
long apprenticeship before they re-
ceive wages which enable them to
marry, Prof. Robert C. Angell of the
sociology department, said Sunday in
speaking on "The Family Develops"
at the Unitarian Church.
The rise in the divorce rate, ac-
cording to Prof. Angell, has been off-
set by a similar rise in the number
of marriages, so that the proportion
of stable marriages in the United
States is about the same today as in

available tests of compatibility which
would enable persons to choose mates
with whom they would have a better
chance of living in peace and har-
In discussing the modern family,
Professor Angell first pointed out the
decline of the family as a cultural
unit, illustrated by an increase in de-
linquency and crime.
He said there were many hopeful
trends which will eventually raise
the family to a higher cultural status.
First, he mentioned the fact that
great projects in slum clearance were
under way, which would provide a
place to play at home for both parents
and children.

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