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August 09, 1934 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1934-08-09

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T H E -MI-GlIGAN DAILY

I

New 'Fog Plow'
Developed From
CheapChemical
M.I.T. Chemists Measure
S iz e s Of Particles In
Developing Process
Is Movable Or Fixed
Makes Channel in Cloud
To Help Airplanes In
Making SafeLandings
By HOWARD W. BLAKESLEE
(Associated Press Science Editor)
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., Aug. 8.--( P)
-The new "fog plow" of the Mass-
achusetts Institute of Technology,
which does the same thing to fog that
a snow plow does to snow, came from
discovering what fog is made of.
- It is another case of science taking
something everyone thought -he knew
all about, and putting its measuring
rod to work to reveal tiny differences
that can now be used for. practical re-
lief
The fog plow clears a path its own
height and width - which is merely a
tunnel in the mist. But it has a flex-
ibility which .can put these bores to
work in restricted areas. Unlike the
snow plow, it can move in the air
as well as on the ground. Or it can
stand still and cut just as effectively
while the rolling fog furnishes the
motion.
Like A Waterfall
The fog plow is a spray tumbling
in a sheet like a waterfall. The spray
is a common, inexpensive chemical,
the name of which is an official sec-
ret. In falling, this sprayaturns the
water particles, which are the fog,
into rain, clearing them almost com-
pletely out of the air.
The effectiveness of the chemical
spray grows out of years of study of
fog by Henry G. Houghton, Jr., and
his associates. He made the first meas-
urements of the size of fog particles.
The result was somewhat of a sur-
prise. It had been believed that fog
drops were rather uniform.
Actually, they ranged from little
things no longer than a wave-length
of light, so small that 25,000 of them
could be laid side by side in one inch,
to droplets 20 times larger. It ap-
peared also that these fog drops never
formed except when the air was filled
with material particles on which the
moisture could gatfher For sea fogs
the invisible salt tossed into the air
from waves furnishes these nuclei.
'Reverses' Process
With this picture of the mechanism
of a fog, Houghton set out to find
some sort of particle which would
reverse the process -that is, knock
the water' off its hard nucleus, or
weight it enough to drop to the
ground.
It turned out that this could be done,
if the attacking particles were small.
They had to be very tiny, somewhere
near the dimensions of the fog par-
ticles. They were produced by nozzles
set in pairs, shooting their sprays di-
rectly at each other.
On the first outdoor test in real1
fog a remarkable fact developed --1
the length of time that the tunnel
in the mist remained clear before
the fog began to boil in from its top
and sides. This channel gave clear;
vision easily for half a mile.
Sees Many Possibilities
The first fog plow was rigid, 30 feet
high and 100 wide. Greater depth
might come from sprays higher above
the ground. Special planes could carry
sprays to clear corridors leading into
an airport. Radio beacons might guide]
incoming planes to the corridor en-
trances.1

For possible uses of the motionless
fog plow, where the fog rolls past, it}
is pointed out that along the sea'
coasts fogs generally come from a
fixed direction, so that tunnels in the
mist would be likely to lie always in
the same place.
Chicago Teachers
Will Get Back Pay
CHICAGO, Aug. 8. -(/P) - With
Chicago school teachers assured $22,-
500,000 in back salaries, Jesse H.
Jones, chairman of the RFC, today
selected as his next object the
straightening of the affairs of the
closed First National Bank of Detroit.
Jones, who closed the loan for the
school teachers, announced Tuesday
night that he planned to set up an
economical liquidating corporation
for the bank along the lines of the
model plan approved last Saturday for
the Guardian National Bank of Com-
merce at Detroit.
Jonessaid an application for a $10,-
000,000 loan may be approved this
week, although the amount may be
pared down to $72,000,000, a figure
tentatively approved by the RFC. He
added, however, that appraisers may
recommend the full amount.
Attractive, All-White
TAILORED GOWNS

Many Massacred As Arabs Fight Jews In Algeria

Johnson Seeks
To Adjust NRA
To Enforcement
Code-Making Is Completed1
So Administrator Must'
Make Industry Comply
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8. - ( ) -
Hugh S. Johnson returned to a clut-
tered desk today to steer NRA into
its second era.
Now that code-making is virtually
finished, the recovery unit enters the
uncharted seas of compliance. New
set-ups must be manned to see that
industry lives up to its covenants.
Problems galore faced Johnson, just
back from a "vacation" mostly spent
in seeking to get employers and strik-
ers to agree. Topping all the problems
was the question of just what NRA
wvill be like ini the future, an issue
that the President and Congress must
decide.
Johnson, who wants to step out
when President Roosevelt feels he can
be spared, has suggested a commis-
sion to succeed him.
Lifts Code in Small Towns
The NRA formally lifted Tuesday
night much of the control over trade
in towns of 2,500 or less. It designated
small-town employers in 15 retail
trades and services as coming under
President Roosevelt's order lifting
code obligations from certain little
businesses.
Only child labor provisions and, in
certain cases, fair trade provisions
were retained. Price fixing was tossed
out.
The trades affected: barber shops,
motor vehicle storage and parking,
bowling and billiards, cleaning and
dyeing, laundries, shoe rebuilding,
hotels, baking industry (insofar as
sale of bakers products at retail is
covered thereby), retail food and gro-
cery, retail trade (including retail
drug and booksellers), real estate
brokerage, restaurants and confec-
tioners' stores.
When Johnson returned, a new crea-
tion of NRA began its functions. The
industrial appeals board summoned
complaintsaagainst NRA to a forum
designed to protect the "little fellow."
It was created by Johnson after sharp
criticism of monopoly by Clarence
Darrow's board.
Four Problems Pressing
Where Darrow's outfit was inde-
pendent, the new appeals board re-
ports to Johnson. The members, are
Amos J. Peaslee, chairman: Monsig-
nor John A. Ryan, and John S. Clem-
ent.
Pressing for decisions by Johnson
were these problems:
The Harriman hosiery mills case.
NRA's policy toward L. Grief &
Brother, Inc., Baltimore clothing

Seeks Yacht Cup

varP 4Prv;V0Q.

-Associated Press Photo
At least 100 persons were massacred in Constantine, Algeria, as savage fighting broke out between Arabs
and Jews. Martial law was declared in the city and in the nearby port of Philippeville in an attempt to
halt the religious war. A general view of Constantine is shown above, and at left is a street scene in a
native quarter where the massacre took place. There were reports that fighting had spread to towns nearby.

Long Is Premiere Danseuse In
New Orleans' Musical Comedy

NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 8. - (k) -I
John Law put this city on the map.
"Partial martial" law put it in the
headlines two centuries later as the
"armies" of Senator Huey P. Long
and Mayor T. Semmes Walmsley
scowled down gunbarrels at each
other.
New Orleans was a little known
village of 500 inhabitants in 1722
when John Law, the Scottish econo-
mist, made it the headquarters of his
French colonial company.
Now it is the scene of a political
pageant in which these are the prin-
cipal participants:
Huey P. Long, The "Kingfish" From
hoeing corn he went to peddling
books, lard, starch and potatoes, and
was admitted to the bar at the age of.
19. Five years later he was railroad
commissioner, and in another 10 years
he was governor. He was elected to
the United States senate in 1930, but
stayed in the governorship long
enough to see O. K. Allen replace him.
A rough and tumble politician, he
worn green silk pajamas to greet a
gold-braided German naval com-
mander.
T. Semmes Walmsley, the mayor:
The son of a prominent New Orleans
business and society leader, he heads
the "old regulars" in New Orleans
democracy; When Long went to the
senate, Walmsley became his political
friend after years of opposition. That
alliance split when the mayor's own
political strength was threatened by
Long domination. Walmsley was re-
elected over Long's opposition. The
feud was on. A big, strapping man,
Walmsley threatened to punch Long's 1
nose in Washington recently.
0. K. Allen, the governor: He is a
protege of the "kingfish" and fre-
quently has done his bidding. Born in
the same parish, he and Long have
been friends for years. Allen was a
state senator and later, when Long
was governor; chairman of -the state
highway commission which put
through the program which has been
one of Long's chief vote-getters. He1
is a man of few words - and his op-J
ponents say even those few are dic-
tated by his political chief.
Gentlemen of the ensemble: The
national guardsmen, who took posses-
sion of the office of the registrar of
voters on Allen's "partial martial"
law order issued from Long's hotel
suite; the city police, who are sta-
tioned in City hall across the street,
on Walmsley's orders. Both sides have
machine guns.
While the basic issue is political
supremacy in New Orleans, an act

( passed by the state legislature un-
der Long's urging was responsible for
the climax. It was designed to strip
Walmsley of his power over the New
Orleans police department by the es-
tablishment of a police board. City
officials obtained a temporary injunc-
tion to prevent its functioning.
Charge And Counter-Charge
Then the troops seized registration1
books containing the names of voters!
qualified to cast ballots in the con-1
gressional primary in September.
Long charged Walmsley's faction with
distorting the records, and the mayor
said Long was trying "through his
political machine and the governor,i
to dominate and control and influence1
illegally the congressional primaries'
That issue arises from thefact that
Long and Walmsley are supporting
rival candidates for congressional
nominations.
Another dispute centers around the
city board of tax assessors, to which
Allen recently appointed two mem-
bers. Walmsley refused to recognize
them. So the "kingfish" named his
own board, and both boards are set-
ting up their offices.
Tomatoes And Potatoes
Grown On Same Plant

Betty Comptonm
Fiishes First
British Movie
Mrs. Jimmy Walker Feels
No Urge To Return To
Hollywood
LONDON, Aug. 8. - (1P) -Betty
Compton, comely wife of Squire Jim-
my Walker of Dorking, Surrey, has
I completed her first starring role in a
British movie and she "loves it." But
she has no ambition to try her hand
in Hollywood.
i "It was grand fun and I enjoyed
every minute I was at the Teddington

Will Be Today
In Philadelphia
PHILADELPHIA Aug. 8.-(A)-
Funeral services will be held Thursday
for William Scott Vare, who trod the
hardd load from truck farm obscurity
A }'k y } ,to the door of the United States Sen-
ate, and joined in death the two
brothers he succeeded as chieftain of
the family's powerful political dynasty
:'.in Philadelphia.
Interment will be in the family
mausoleum at Laurel Hill cemetery.
Although new leaders direct the or-
ganization he built up, many of his
followers are still in office. His death
leaves Philadelphia without a mem-
ber of the family at the helm of its
political affairs for the first time in
four decades.
Republican leaders discussed the
availability of United States Senator
David A. Reed as Vare's successor on
the Republican national committee.
It was believed Reed would be
-Asociated Pres Photo chosen if he would accept.
United States Senator James J.
Taking up the quest where Sir' Davis, who finally succeeded to the
Thomas Lipton left off, T. 0. M. Sop- seat Vare sought so long, eulogized
with (above), British manufacturer, the Philadelphian leader as "a chain-
hopes to capture the America's cup pion of helpful social legislation."
this year with his, yacht Endeavour. Sheriff Richard Weglein, Phila-
delphia, the last person to confer with
'Leath r cs' ill Vare politically said Vare had planned
a comeback. Vare's parting remarks
caiafto him July 22, Weglein said, were:
Leave Ha iii; First "The Republican organization is my
life. It has been my life for 40 years.
IMe In 19 Years I can't give it up now."
WASHINGTON, Aug. 8.- ( Charge Murder In
The marines are coming home from e
Haiti next week, closing the book of akO a+ e ioi n
American intervention in Latin Amer-
ica. I NORMAN, Oka, Aug.8.-()-
When the American flag is hauled Neal Myers, 21-year-old University of
down at the barracks in Port Au Oklahoma student, must stand a dis-
Prince Aug. 15 and the "Devil Dogs" trict court trial on a charge of mur-
embark for home, it will signal the dering Marian Mills, former campus
liquidation of another -of the war- beauty queen.
time tasks that Uncle Sam shouldered At the request of defense attorneys,
and it will underscore America's "good Myers was bound over at the close of
neighbor" policy. a preliminary hearing Tuesday on the
Haiti regains full sovereignty after specific charge of the use of an in-
19 years. The evacuation is being strument in an attempted abortion.
completed two months ahead of The body of the 19-year-old girl
schedule as the result of President was found July 10 in the home of Mrs.
Roosevelt's visit to the island republic Hazel Brown, middle-aged, cook. My-
in July. ers fled after calling a physician to
The 1marine occupation which be- the house and for three weeks eluded
gan July 28, 1915, grew out of whole- officers. He surrendered last week.
sale disorder on the island, and the Chief witnesses at the hearing be-
war-time fear that a European power sides Mrs. Brown were physicians who
would secure a coaling base there testified the girl's death was the re-
within striking distance of the United sut of shock following an attempted
States. _ _abortion.
Erlanson Will Discuss SO IT CAN'T BE SPOTTED
Anthropology The spotted flounder, which lives
Of Indians near the sandy bottom of haliow
The botany and anthropology of seas, can change color to resemble
southern India will be discussed in an this sand when danger threatens,
illustrated lecture by Dr. Eileen W.
Erlanson at 4:15 p.m. tomorrow in
room 2003, Natural Science building.
Dr. Erlanson, a research fellow in THEY'RE PEAKED ON TOP-
the Botanical Gardens, has just re- VERY SHALLOW-YET
turned from a year of research and THEY FIT THE HEAD
travel in Travancore and Malabar. LIKE A GLOVE I
While in India she was honorary pro-
fessor of Botany at the College of1_
Science of His Highness the Mahara- This NewFall Sty I
ja of Travancore at Trivandum.
TyP E W R I T I N G isa RevelationI
MIMEOGRAPHING tsh.
our om shop 'bYcfetent
qera ttMRRa Lbo
ALL MAKES
{ Fra {>F

,IN P111"EINS
OFF
- i
Sheaf fers
- Moores
4~ 'Y
rmansy
uip yourself with one
is. A fountain pen is f
n in your accessories
i ~This IS. a r e a l 11
dent, teacher, COaC h"swnk tylan
the larger cities that
we feelcertain every
smart girl in our
$3,95town wili want one.
So we have a large
selection tomorrow in
about a dozen differ-

ST. PAUL, Aug. 8. -(P) - Just for
diversion, Fred Rohner of the Uni-
versity of Minnesota farm school did
a little experimenting - and the re-
sult is tomatoes and potatoes grow-
ing on the same plant.
In April he grafted a section of a
tomato plant on a stalk - just above,
the ground - of a potato plant which
had been started in a greenhouse.
When the growing parts of the
tomato and the root of the potato hadf
effected a union, Rohner removed the)
plants and set them outdoors. When I
he "harvested" the plant, it was well
filled with tomatoes above the ground
and had a fair-sized potato under-
ground.
TO SEE WHERE IT'S BEEN?
The cornetfish, which has a mouth
shaped like a trumpet, can swim
backward as well as forward.

studio," declared the wife of New manufacturers.
York's former mayor. "But Jimmy Plans drafted in his absence for
and I love our life in England too revamping NRA's structure for com-
much to go to Hollywood or anywhere pliance work.
else." Mopping up all code making by
Miss Compton's first full-length Aug. 10, the "deadline."
film originally was titled "The Rich- Labor's right to bargain collectively
est Girl in the World," but the studio was the Harriman issue. In the Grief
wise men have shortened it to "Too case, the men's clothing code accused
Many Millions." the firm of failing to respect code
No one around the studio seems wage requirements. Labor demands
quite certain whether the film will be withdrawal of their Blue Eagles.
exhibited in America. They will try FINANCIAL NOTE
it out on the British public first, and PHILADELPHIA AuO8T( )
if it goes over big Miss Compton , g. - - -
probably will be offered a contract. There's gold in them thar subways.
She would like that. Samuel G. Gardon, associate curator
of mineralogy at the Academy of
Natural Sciences, found it in clay
Federal Funds To being excavated in the"shadow of city
Aid Iowa Students hall. But it isn't enough to get excited
j about, he says - maybe three cents'
worth to a cubic foot of soil.
IOWA CITY, Ia., Aug. 8. -- (P) -
Federal funds have come forward to
permit some 500 students who could
not otherwise continue their educa-
tion to enroll at the University of ENT IRE STOCK
Iowa here at the opening of the fall
term.
Eugene A. Gilmore, president, said
the money is being provided by the
federal emergency relief administra-
tion and will be distributed on the FONA
basis of employment - on an average
of $15 monthly to each student en- "
rolled.
The jobs available will include4 0
everything from clerical, stenographic
and laboratory and research tasks to
odd jobs entailing manual labor on
the campus._ _
Parkers -
Wr -
HY Wahs-
the Summer Season
s You Did at the Start Before you leave, eqi
NS-SHOPPE is offering of these Real Bargain
ER FROCKS a most valuable iterr
ne Price whether you are a stu
r95 or business man.
(Values to $19.75)

(
FOR
0 AN ALL-DAY OUTING...

r.

There's I1

w

---- - - -----

You Can't Finish

Looking As Fresh A
when THE COLLI
All' SUMMI

at O
7^ ...... .L. L --Il

III

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