Fair, slightly warmer; to-
morrow fair and warmer.
Sir igan t4Iai1
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
Expansion In The Federal
Government .. .
A Slap ToTrouble-Makers,..
Down With The Dole-Grabber.
VOL. XVI. No. 19 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, JULY 16, 1935
PRICE: FIVE CENTS
H. C. Hutchins Describes
Way Out Of Unemployed
Rioting Tacoma Strikers Quelled By Tear Gas Bombs
Anhilation Of Vague Talk
'One Of Pressing Needs
Vague Talk Gives
2 Officers Killed
By Man Believed
To Be Kidnaper
Federal Government's Aid
Helps, But Real Need Is
For Local Planning
By GUY M. WHIPPLE, JR.
Far-sighted educational planning
to alleviate the pressing problem of
out-of-school and unemployed youth
was recommended yesterday by H. C.
Hutchins, research fellow in the U.S.
Office of Education. Mr. Hutchins
spoke at the afternoon education con-
ference held in University High
America's youth problem involves
upwards of 2,000,000 youngpersons
from 16 to 25 years of age, Mr.
Hutchins stated. The circumstances
o these youths range from that
group which has just left or graduat-
ed from high school and has a home
and dependable environment to the
.group whose adverse economic and
home circumstances have forced them
to sever common social ties and go
"on the road" as transients, he said.
"The problems of out-of-school,
unemployed youth are probably per-
manent rather than transitional in
nature," Mr. Hutchins declared.
"Technological advances and the
consequent over supply of experienced
workers having family responsibilities
has caused the age of first employ-
inent to be pushed ahead from 14 to
16 years of age to 18 or 21 years.
The NRA codes have served merely
. ,- oginiton of
mportant scal rend."
President Roosevelt's recently es-
tablished National Youth Adminis-
tration may have an "immeasurable"
eect in the rehabilitation of to-
day's generation of youth if the
program can be administered in such
a way as to realize its full potential-
ities," Mr. Hutchins told the gather-
"The President's program provides
for an'emergency program of educa-
tion, apbrenticeship training and
work relief which will help to meet
the needs of those young people who
are existing at the lowest social and
economic levels," Mr. Hutchins said.
But it is more likely that the ap-
proach to the solution of America's
youth problem lies in local commu-
nity planning and action, Mr. Hut-
chins warned. The Federal and state
governments can help, he stated, but
their assistance will be limited for
the most part to plans and recom-
Community Action Requirdrl
"The community itself must bring
about the cooperation and coordina-
tion of all agencies, both public and
private, which can contribute toward
the creating of a better opportunity
for young people in the near future,"
the speaker declared.
"Then, too," he said, "because of
the widening gap between the age of
leaving school and the age of em-
ployment the public schools must
recognize a definite responsibility to-
ward these young people and must
make provision for a type of broadly
social education. suitable to their
"The adjustment services, the
training in vocations, and the worthy
use of leisure, all of which seem to be
necessary for alleviating the youth
problem, constitute a need which calls
for a truly planned education."
To Be Celebrated
Faculty and students of the engi-
neering mechanics department will
celebrate the birthday of the English
scientist Thomas Hooke, 1635-1703, at
a banquet Thursday at the Union.
Prof. R. V. Southwell of Oxford
University, visiting professor of the
engineering mechanics department,
will speak on "Hooke's Life."
Recently 35 of the faculty and stu-
dents of the department held their
annual summer picnic at Dexter Hu-
'Right To Self Def
Suiject To Pro
--Associated Press Photo.
The streets of Tacoma, Wash., became the battleground for striking lumber workers again when troops
were called to quell a night of rioting during which five bombings occurred and many persons were bruised
and cut. Picture shows rioters scattering after national guardsmen with fixed bayonets hurled tear gas
bombs into their midst. Of the estimated 1,000 persons who participated in the riots approximately 40
were arrested and detained at the national guard armory.
Shakespearean Scholarship Has
Fertile Future, Says Mueschke
By ROBERT S. RUWITCH ;
That scholars today are in a better '
position to concentrate upon the'
fundamentals of the artistic develop-
ment of Shakespeare than ever before
is the opinion of Prof. Paul Mueschke
of the English department.
Professor Mueschke spoke yester-
day afternoon in Natural Science Au-
ditorium on the regular Summer
Session lecture series. His subject
was "Recent Trends in Shakespear-
to the speaker, "knows more about
Shakespeare than has ever been
known before "because it is able to
view him in a perspective which has
come about through several centuries
of critical effort.
Professor Mueschke traced the de-
velopment 6f Shakespearean scholar-
ship since the eighteenth century.
That century, he said, was one which
Talk On Wills
SWill Be Given
By Prof. Simes
Law School Instructor Will
Lecture Summer Series
At5 P. M. Today
Prof. Lewis M. Simes of the Uni-
versity Law School will deliver the
thirteenth regular lecture on the
Summer Session series at 5 p.m. today
in Natural Science Auditorium. His
subject is "Some Curious and Prac-
tical Aspects of Wills."
In his lecttl'e todrty, Professor
Simes will give some popular and
interesting aspects of the law of wills
and will also point out practical
suggestions in the drafting of wills.
He will also present a number of
famous cases of interesting wills,
among which will be that of Ben-
Professor Simes received his Ba-
chelor of Arts degree from the Uni-
versity of Chicago in 1912 and his
degree in law in 1914 from the same
institution. He also received a grad-
uate degree in law in 1927 from
He is at the present time adviser
for the American Law Institute for
the Restatement of the Low of Prop-
erty. He is also a member of the
American Bar Association and of the
Order of Coif, honorary scholastic
society in law corresponding to Phi
Beta Kappa in literary colleges.
To Hold Rites For
Dr. Burton Today
MT. CLEMENS, July 15. - (/P)-
Last rites for Clarence H. Burton,
MD. D.D.S. son of the late Clarence
gave us a long line of distinguished
editors and they were followed in the
early nineteenth century by some of
the very finest critics, Lamb, Hazlitt,
DeQuincey, and Coleridge.
In the mid-nineteenth century, the
speaker said, "the shakespearean
skies became very cloudy." This he
attributes to the fact that it became
the custom to worship Shakespeare
as a miraculously perfect artist, in
short, "to put him in a world by
"This idolatry continued," Profes-
sar Muescke decla ed"until the
opening our own century."
There are, in his opinion, three im-
portant steps in the recent study of
the great Bard of Avon. These he
outlined as (1) attack on Shakespeare
by the skeptics (2) a gradual refine-
ment of the historical method of
study as applied to Shakespeare's
dramas, and (3) the possibility of a
more far-reaching study of Shake-
speare's artistic development.
To the skeptics, Professor Muesch-
ke attributed a kind of common sense
which led the critics away from idol-
atry, but, he said, "they failed be-
cause they themselves lacked those
qualities of mind which they could
not find in Shakespeare."
In discussing the second point of
the recent developments which he
cited, Professor Mueschke said that
this group of critics was able to
broaden the conception of the his-
torical study of Shakespeare by go-
ing beyond the source of his dramas.
For the future in Shakespearean
scholarship, the speaker sees an in-
creasing ability to realize Shake-
speare's "abiding faith in the dignity
of the human mind."
"Though it may not be an easy
task in a changing world," he stated,
"it is for us to make Shakespeare's
State To Help
In Camp For
Films Of War
Horrors Shown z
Former Faculty Membera
Says His Posters Will Be
Displayed Until July 22f
Three silent films and a talking
picture were exhibited last night atc
the Union by Dr. Francis S. Onder-v
donk, a former members of the fac-s
ulty of the University, as a part ofs
his movemen to provide e ?ca n in-
the h orrors ., ,fv- An
In addition to the films, Dr. On-
derdonk has a collection of posters,
thought to be the largest in thet
world, for the discouragement of war.r
The collection was -started in 19161
in Vienna and is composed of postersr
from almost every country in thes
world. Dr. Onderdonk, who is the
instigator of the Peace Films Car-
avan, an organization seeking to es-
tablish an international exchange ofs
peace films for the education of all
nationalities, stated that the exhibi-
tion would continue until July 22 inr
Room 316, Michigan Union.
In the 571 cartoons, photographs,,
and pictures, there are all types ofs
artistic reproductions which are con-s
sidered valuable from an artistic
standpoint as well as for its contents.
Among the most famed contributors
to the collection, Otto Dix, oftens
called the Erich Remarqueof the
etchers, is the artist of startling
Other European artists who have
contributed include Jean Carlu, A.
Daenens, Arthur Stadler, B. Nowak
and E. Holadek. Russell O. Berg is
one of the many American cartoon-
Dr. Onderdonk has shown his films
at Harvard, Brown, Princeton, Cor-
nell and many other colleges and uni-
versities in the United States.
He emphasized that he was not at-
tempting to cover every point of a
peace movement. His desire is to
establish and specialize in the visual;
means, such as motion pictures and
posters, for preventing war, he said.
HAVANA, July 15.-(P) - The
Cuban government struck a severe
blow at kidnaping today when the
Urgency Court sentenced to death
four men convicted of the kidnaping
of Antonio San Miguel, seventy-
It was the first time in the re-
public's history that a death sen-
tence had been dealt a kidnaper.
They were the first such sentences
under the recently enacted "Falla
Law" against gangsterism.
The Falla Law was decreed shortly
after Eutimio Falla Bonet, young
millionaire, was kidnaped and then
By THOS. HERMAN KLEENE
The tragic manner in which vague
phrases "lead us astray" in the in-
epretation of international law was
lecried last night by Prof. Charles
Cheney Hyde of Columbia University
in the third of a series of public lec-
ures annually presented as a part of
he program of the Summer Session
an Teaching International Law.
He described as "one of the pressing
nieeds of our society" deliverance
'from some of the tragic phrases still
narking portions of international
Speaking on "The Tragedy of
oiods in International Law," Pro-
essor Hyde cited various common
legal phrases which permit broad and
vague conclusions open to divergent
Legal Dogma Cited
"Vague conglomerations of ideas"
and "confusion of thought" in inter-
n.ational law originate from such leg-
al dogma as "right of inquisition,"
'discovery," "extraterritoriality," "p-
itical offender," "right to self-de-
fense," uti positidies," and "reprisals."
Professor Hyde particularly scored
the use of the phrase "right to self
defense' and other similar vague
clauses in peace treaties as permitting
varied interpretations. "If it is de-
sired to stop hostile acts between
state and state," Professor Hyde
pointed .out, "it should be provided
,hat a-apecific act 6h l aajk ote y not
be committeed regardless of what its
purpose may be."
The change in the meaning of the
term "reprisal" was cited. Once a
method by which a state took and
held territory until settlement, it is
now "a method of getting even," he
"It is employed in a loose-jointed
manner without any reference to the
original intended meaning," he said.
In international law., Professor
Hyde stated, it is necessary to know,'
not whether there has been a denial
of justice, whether an individual is a
"political offender," or whether a'
state participated in a war for rea-
sons of "self-defense," but whether
international law has been violated.
The fourth in this series of lectures
will be presented next Monday night
when George A. Finch, managing edi-
tor of the American Journal of In-
ternational Law, speaks on "The
United States and the Development
of the European Situation."
Offer To Fight
LONDON, July 15. - (T) - Many
Britons began to offer their services
as volunteers in the Ethiopian Army
today as Great Britain's peace efforts
in the controversy were given another
The Government is working with
France, hoping that the two may find
some road to settlement of the dispute
which could be presented at the meet-
ing of the League of Nations Council
about July 25.
While the2Government has held up
permission of arms firms to ship riu-
nitions to Addis Ababa, it is unable to
prevent British citizens from enlisting
in the Emperor's army.
A rush of applicants have sent their
names to the Ethiopian legation here.
These offers are "much appreciated,"
the minister said, but pending fur-
ther instructions from Emperor Haille
Selassie he is not taking active steps
to enlist volunteers.
Both Sir Samuel Hoare, foreign
secretary, and Lieut. Col. David John
Colville, secretary for overseas trade,
dodged a barrage of questions in the
House of Commons today on the
question of arms exports to Ethiopia.
Hoare sai dh h ad not arrived at a
William Mahan, Sought In
Weyerhaeuser Case, Is
Bank Of $500 Cash
G-Men Are Concentrated
In Northwest On Trail;
Believe Capture Near
TACOMA, July 15. - (P) - Chief
of Police Frank Chadwick and Officer
Harry Storem, of the Puyallup Po-
lice department, were shot and killed
today by a bank robber who Pierce
County officials declared possibly was
William Mahan, sought for the kid-
naping of nine-year-old George Wey-
Deputy sheriffs said the descrip-
tion of the man tallied closely with
that of Mahan and disclosed that
the method of the bandit in holding
up the Orting Bank near here today
was similar to previous crimes known
to have been committed by Mahan.,
Further indication that Mahan
might be the killer was seen in the
concentration of G-men in the North-
west, reported to be on the trail of
Officers Are Silent*
One report said yesterday that
Federal men hoped to close in on
Mahan by Wednesday, although offi-
cers would neither confirm or deny
that they believed his capture immi-
The last definite trace of Mahan,
so far as the G-men have been will-
ing to state, was at Butte, Mont. He
barely escaped from Federal agents
then, fleeing from his motor car as
they approached. In the car offi-
cers found more than $15,000 of the
'$200',000 ransom Paid for'the: We4
Capt. Yoris, of the Seattle police
department, declared that in his be-
lief the man might be Mahan.
It was recalled that Mahan had
been suspected of being one of two
men who held up the Eatonville Bank
two years ago. No one has ever been
apprehended for this crime.
The Orting robber, playing a lone
hand, grabbed $500 in currency which
the bank teller had in his cash
Made Fast Getaway
He jumped into a car and was
on his way out of Orting before
pedestrians realized what had hap-
pened. ° Bank officials called Puy-
allup police and Chadwick and Stor-
em drove at once toward Orting.
They met the robber outside of
Sumner. When they attempted to
stop the man he fired upon then,
wounding both fatally.
He then dashed in the direction of
The man was described as about
27 years of age, and was wearing a
blue denim shirt.
Police said the license plates on
the killer's auto were stolen from
Harley H. Fluke, of Seattle, while his
car was in Tacoma three months
.7 ''-- A
-Associated Press Photo.
Melvin Purvis (above), 32-year-
old "-man" who brought an end
to the careers of Dillinger and other
notorious gangsters, and his sue-
cessor as head of the Chicago office
of the Bureau of Investigation,
Daniel M. Ladd (bdow). Purvis
resigned for "purely personal rea-
Will Open First
Noted Organist Will Play
French Pieces: Hackett
Also On Program
Tonight's first concert of the Sum-
mer Session ,to be given at 8:30 p.m.
in Hill Auditorium, will feature Prof.
Palmer Christian of the School of
Music at the organ. Professor Chris-
tian, who was absent from his posi-
tion on the faculty during the past
semester while touring Europe, will
play a number of selections from the
French school of organ music.
A group of German songs will be
by Prof. Arthur Hackett of the School
of Music, tenor. He will be accom-
panied by Mrs. Mabel Ross Rhead.
A novelty for violin and piano in
the form of a sonata by the modern
Spanish composer, Turin, entitled
"The Poem of a Woman of San Lu-
car," will be played by Wassily Besek-
irsky and Joseph Brinkman, both of
the School of Music faculty.
The selections which Professo
Christian will play are "Fantaisie in
A" by Cesar Franck, "Intermezzc
(Symphony No. 6) by Widor, "Pre-
lude" by ,Samazueilh, "Tocca 'Thor
Art the Rock' " by Mulet.
Grant In Aid Donation l
To Launch Program Is
Announced By Burke
IONIA, July 15. -(W) - The state
will be asked to help establish a re-
habilitation camp for young convicts
who have been sentenced for their
first criminal offenses.
The legislature approved a propos-
al in 1935 which called for the segre-
gation of first offenders in such
camps, where they would be employed
at healthful outdoor labor, such as re-
forestaion, under discipline of a semi-
The lawmakers failed, however, to
vote an appropriation to establish
Attorney George J. Burke of Ann
Arbor revived the proposal at a joint
meeting of the prison and crime com-
missions here Saturday. He announc-
Chicago ............42 32
Cleveland........ . .39 36
Boston ..............41 38
Philadelphia ........31 42
St. Louis...........22 54
St. Louis 3, Washington 2 (
Detroit at Philadelphia.
Chicago at New York.
St. Louis at Washington.
Cleveland at Boston.
New York..........51 23
St. Louis ...........47 29
Chicago....... . . .46 32
Brooklyn . . . ... 33 42
Pittsburgh .........42 37
Philadelphia ........31 45
Boston ..............21 58
Major League Standings
Professor Fletcher wil lsing "Ade-
laide" by Beethoven, "Fruhlings-
glaube" by Schubert, "Trockne Blu-
men" by Haile, and "Frulingsnacht"
by Schumann. The general public
with the exception of small children
is invited to attend the concert.
GRADUATE STUDENT HELD
Chi Phi Chang, 32, a graduate stu-