tly cloudy; local sl~ow-
r thunderstorms; cooler
Y or Friday night.
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
Prophecies An Solutions .. .
Baseball's Extravaganza. .
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 12, 1935
PRICE: FIVE CENTS
Pyknic Type Of Undergraduate
Is No Scholar, Pillsbury Finds
May Come Gives Hope
idwest Deaths Up
To Forty-Five Now
cures Show 12 Lost By
Drowning; Alva, Okla,
he possibility that showers today
at alleviate the heat wave which
lingered in Ann Arbor for the past
days appeared as the only sign of
f to a scorched city.
high temperature for the two
was registered at 2 p.m. yester-
by officials at the University Ob- ;
atory when the mercury mounted
L.4 degrees. The highest mark of
nesday was 90.-
om a low reading at 7 a.m. the
steadily progressed yesterday
1 the maximum was reached. Noon
perature was 89.4 degrees.
en 'though thunderstorms were
icted they are expected to bring
momentary relief for generally1
er weather is not expected untilJ
eather yesterday was character-7
by its intense humidity and pre-
[erance of dust.
(By The Associated Press)
eat weary midwesterners heard
ring news from the weather man
it might be cooler today.
definite break was indicated for"
e Northern states but whether
drop would pierce the broiled
is to the Southwest where the
is at its worst was something
By THOMAS E. GROEHN
Fat men are noted for their good-
naturedness and may be loved by
everybody, but statistics revealed by
Dr. Walter B. Pillsbury, head of the
psychology department, who gave a
regular lecture on the Summer Ses-
sion series yesterday, proved that
these same fat men seldom carry.
off scholastic honors.
Speaking on "Bodily Types and
Mental Characteristics," Professor
Pillsbury presented figures gathered
from a study of various body types
in the University by students in
psychology which prove tha tthe Pyk-
nic or fat man type, is rarely as suc-
cessful in academic work as is the
athletic and asthenic types.r
Type Hard To Find
"In the first place," the eminent
psychologist said, "the pyknic type
is exceedingly hard to find, not only
in American universities, but in Eng-
lish and German as well." .
A check was made by students con-
ducting the survey of 100 students
in the class of '34 of the literary col-
lege, according to Professor Pillsbury,
and it was found that out of 19 pyk-
nics entering with this class, only 3
actually graduated. Out of 20 asthen-
ics entered in the class, 15 of them
remained the full four years as did the
same number included in the athletic
body type group.
"The supposition that the students
who dropped out were students of low
grades was also confirmed by the
count," the speaker said. "In the tirst
19 of the pyknic group, it was sawd
that 16 dropped. Of these, 10' had
fewer honor points than hours credit,
while 6 had an equal or greater num-
The ratio of people who drop out
to -people who stay, in the pyknic
group as compared with the average,
is enlightening in itself," he said. It
shows very clearly a relative lack of
ability in the pyknic that is somewhat
startling. The large proportion: drop-
ping out who have failed to make re-
quired honor points indicates lack of
ability, while the number who drop
out with satisfactory records might be
interpreted as an indication of lack
of initiative or pwsistence in.the work
they have undertaken."
Total deaths since the mercury
started stratosphering about July 1
mounted to 45 yesterday. An unof-
ficial tabulation by states showed:
Oklahoma 10, Texas 9, Kansas 7,
Missouri 5, Nebraska 5, Minnesota 4,
Arkansas 3, Iowa and Illinois, 1 each.
In addition 12 persons have
drowned in four states in recent
Mercury climbed monotonously
again yesterday. Chicago had its
hottest day of the summer with a
temperature of 90. Most of Minne-
sota and North Dakota sizzled but
northern areas had heavy rains.
Prospects were for slightly cooler
weather in South Dakota.
Kansas City was slightly cooler.
The maximum was 99 against the
103 high of Wednesday. Alva, Okla.
had a new maximum of 103. Report-
ings around 100 were general in Kan-
WASHINGTON, July 11. - (MP) -
The entire House membership was
nvited tonight to help investigate
lobbying for and against utility hold-
ing company abolition.
While the Senate ordered a thor-
ough-going inquiry into lobbying on
any and all questions, Chairman John
J. O'Connor, of the House rules com-
nittee, addressed to every representa-
tive an appeal for the names of all
individuals who sought to sway their
Meanwhile, the committee came to
a tentative pause in its investigation
of alleged misuse of administration
nfluence applied in an effort to swing
the vote of Rep. Ralph O. Brewster,
(Rep., Me.). The results were wrapped
n a maze of conflicting statements.
In approving the lobby investiga-
ion, proposed by Senator Hugo Black,
(Dem., Ala.) the Senate gave it a $50,-
000 fund to meet expenses and em-
powered it to draw upon the justice
:epartment's staff and to obtain cler-
Lcal assistance from executive depart-
ments as well.
New German Department
Head Arrives For Visit
Student Drowns At
Harrison B. Welshouse, 21 years old,
a graduate student at the University
of Michigan's summer biological sta-
tion at Douglas Lake in northern
Michigan, was drowned Wednesday
afternoon, it was learned at the Sum-
mer Session office yesterday.
"Velshouse became exhausted while
swimming off-shore and before aid
could reach him he went under. The
body was later recovered.
According to reports made by Dr.
George R. LaRue of the University
zoology department, who is head of
the biological station, Welshouse
swam beyond his depth in the lake
and became exhausted. The body will
be shipped to his home.
It was the first drowning that any
of the University stations have ex-
perienced in many years.
Major League Standings
Professor Pillsbury also discussed
other theories of the relation of body
types to mental characteristics, among
which were those of Kretschmer, the
great German psychologist, and Gall.
Another theory of the relation of
body types to mental characteristics
is the division of individuals into in-
troverts and extroverts, according to
"The introverted individuals are
those who have a tendency to think
much of their own feelings and opin-
ions," he said, "while the extroverted
individuals are those who look to the
world about and to other people."
He then presented several questions.
which some psychologists utilize to de,
termine introverts and extroverts.
Some of these were:
"Do you keep a diary?" If you do
according to the test you show symp-
toms of introversion. "Do you express
yourself better in speech than in writ-
ing?" Answer yes and you are an
extrovert. And lastly, "Are you in-
clined to keep in the background at
social occasions?" If answered affirm-
atively you are an introvert.
'Soak Rich' Tax
Says Destroying 'Business
Bigness' Will Not Balance
Budget In Letter
NEW YORK, July 11.-(P)-Al-
fred P. Sloan, Jr., president of Gen-'
eral Motors Corp., in a letter to stock-
holders, today launched an attack on
the proposed corporation income tax
"The question involved to which I
am calling your attention"he wrote,
"is not primarily that the soak the
rich' plan will or will not provide the
additional revenue needed to support
the financial operations of the gov-
ernment, but that it is a direct at-
tempt to curtail and eventually de-
stroy 'business bigness' just because it
is big, without adequate consideration
and intelligent discussion.
"Sooner or later it must be recog-
nized by all that the tremendous gov-
ernment expenditures of yesterday,
today and tomorrow, must be met by
increased taxation. '
"Destroying 'business bigness' or
'soaking the rich' will not balance the'
"The amount required is far too big.
These particular resources are far too
small. Everyone must, of necessity,
pay and everyone will pay - con-
sciously or not."
Sloan raised the question whether
the rich would really be soaked, and
he declared that of the 415,000 stock-
holders in the motors corporation
150,000 represented amounts of ten
shares or less.
Sen. Couzens Is
ROCHESTER, Minn:, July 11. - (')
-Physicians said Senator James
Couzens of Michigan was in good
condition today following an opera-
tion this morning for the removal
of bladder stones.
The senator came to the Mayo
clinic last Saturday for treatment.
Members of the Couzens family,
including Mayor Frank Couzens of
Detroit, were at the hospital today,
Dr. Waltman Walters performed
the operation with a local anesthetic,
and Senator Couzens carried on a
"We regard the operation as a suc-
cess," attending physicians said. "His
condition is very satisfactory."
The senator will remain at Colo-
nial hospital here at least two weeks.
'Mercy' Killer Dies
In Borgess Hospital
KALAMAZOO, July 11.-('P)-
Mrs. Paul L. Tubbs, key figure in what
police described the "mercy" killing
of her 9-year-old abnormal son, Jesse,
died tonight in Borgess Hospital, a
victim of gas asphyxiation.
Mrs. Tubbs was found unconscious
in her home last Saturday, with her
son dead in her arms. All the gas jets
i +he kitn mhn1" mc,.' a~n e a rnnt
Dance To Be
New Cooling System Is
Installed; Will Present
First Floor Show
Announce Names Of
Students, Others To Be
Featured In Dance And
A floor show featuring an exhibition
tango number, song novelties, and tap
dances will be presented at 11:15 p.m.
at the regular Summer Session dance
to be held tonight in the ballroom
of the Michigan League.
In addition to the show, Al Cowan's
orchestra has planned several song
specialities which will be presented
during the dance. This show will
mark the first presentation of its kind
at any University dance, and is being
put on by students possessing talent
in various fields.
An innovation for this dance will
be the new cooling system which has
just been installed, it was announced
by Jean Seeley, chairman of social
activities for the Summer Session and
president of the League.
To Present Floor Show
Harriet Stuhrberg, 12-year-old Uni-
versity High School student, will open
the floor show with a specialty tap,
dance. Miss Stuhrberg has studied
under Roy Hoyer, and is well known in.
Ann Arbor, having participated in sev-
eral exhibition dances.
Continuing the program, Clara-
wanda Sisson will sing several songs
including "Chasing' Shadows" and
"I'll Never Say Never Again Again."
Miss Sisson played the leading role
in "Iolantbe," and will also have the
leach in "The Chocolate Soldier," a
musical comedy which is to be given
during the Summer Session.]
Goddard 'light, member of the
Michigan Repertory Players as well
as a member of Play Production, has"
planned several song specialties fora
the floor show including "Shortenin'
Marie Sawyer and Douglas Gregory
will bring the program to a climax
when they do an exhibition tango.'
Both Miss Sawyer and Gregory are
students of Roy Hoyer, and have given
many performances on the campus.
Hostesses for the dance have bee
announced by Miss Ethel McCormick,
director of Summer Session Social
Activities. They will include Ruth
Archbald, Maude Airey, Margaret Al-
len, Jean Brierly, Janece Byrne, Thais
Bolton, Mary Jane Conlin, Thelma
Cooper, Martha Chamberlin, Mar-;
garet Conklin, Janet Carol, Marjory
Conlin, Reva Derby, Marion Davis.
Mary Elizabeth Dixon, Marion Din-
Hert, Jane Edmonson, Mary Alice Em-
mett, Bess Emery, Pearl Eiseldinger,
Eilene Eiseldinger, Jean Fleckenstein,
Katherine Ferguson, Marguerite Gar-
ber, Alda Haab, Katherine Marie Hall,
Jane Haber, Lucille Johnson, Althea
Kidder, Rosemary Klug.
Mable Lennon, Isabella Levine, Ja-
net Lambert, Eleanor Mann, Rosela
Mann, Esther Miller, Elsie Pierce, Vir-
ginia Pelhank, Elva Pascall, Louise
Paine, Marie Rumsey, Kay Russell,
Betty Ross, , Virginia Rosenthal, Vir-
ginia Rackham, Helen Stetson.
Jean Seeley, Evelyn Stephen, Su-
san Scott, Vera Smith, Mary Ann
Sweet, Sophia Scroloski, Jean Steph-
enson, Gladys Stunstall, Frances
Thornton, Mary Catherine Taylor,
Helen Turner, Esther Theyer, Eleanor
Welsh, Elizabeth Wiltbank, and Laura
The fifth in a newly-inaugurated
series of Union Summer Session
dances will be held from 9 p. m. to 1
a. m. tonight in the ballroom with
Bob Steinle and His Melody Men
furnishing the music for dancing.
It was announced last night that
Steinle is negotiating to obtain a
woman vocal soloist to appear with
his orchestra. Officials stated that,
if Steinle is successful, the new vo-
calist will make her first appearance
Relief Pitcher Drives In
Winning Run; Rowe Is
Driven From Mound
WASHINGTON, July 11. - (Spec-
ial) Although outhit, 14 to 7, the De-
troit Tigers came from behind late
in yesterday's game at Washington
to defeat the Senators, 7-6, in 11
innings. New York remained a game
and a half ahead of Detroit, defeat-
Elon Hogsett, relief pitcher, drove
in the winning run.
Detroit jumped off to a 4-0 lead
over Washington, only to see it van-
ish before a six-run Washington blast
in the fourth. Schoolboy Rowe, Tiger
starting pitcher, weathered this storm
but was removed in the eighth inning
as Washington again threatened.
Hitting Streak Ends
The hitting streak which Pete Fox
had run up to 29 consecutive games
was broken today. Against three
Washington pitchers Fox went hit-
less in four times at bat.
.Gehringer's home run in the first
inning sent Detroit off to a good
start, and largely because of a home
run and triples by Goose Goslin, the
Tigers had four runs after the
fourth inning and Washington was
Then the Senators came to life.
Manush and Travis singled, Bluege
walked, And Hadley singled, - aorin
two runs. Kuhel singled and anoth-
er one camne in, and when Pete Fox
misjudged Stone's line drive, two
more crossed the plate and Washing-
ton was in the lead. Myer's single
drove in the sixth and final run.
Detroit waitedruntil the eighth to
come back. Hadley walked Green-
berg and pitched three balls to Gos-
lin before Bucky Harris yanked him
for Pettit. Pettit then walked Gos-
lin and also Rogell, filling the bases.
Pinch-hitting for White, Walker
drove. a single to center, tying the
Myer paved the way for the Tigers'
winning run in the tenth by fumbling
Rogell's grounder. Walker sacrificed,
and after Owen had grounded out,
Hogsett drove out the single that*
scored Rogell with the winning run.
Business, Industry Flay
Program iSenate Debate
WASHINGTON, July 11- () -
Business and industry, as represented
by the Chamber of Commerce of the
United States, today unleashed a
furious and long-forecast assault on
the President's tax program.
It described the plan as destructive,
qonfiscatory, and as a "perversion" of
the taxing power of the FederalGov-
Simultaneously, sarcastic debate
broke out in the Senate for and
against the President's idea of bring-.
ing a "wider distribution of wealth"
by putting stiff taxes on inheritances,
increasing those on gifts and "very
great" individual incomes, and mak-
ing big corporations pay proportion-
ately more than smaller ones.
Also, there were indications of
deep-set differences on whether the
bill - not yet drafted, but estimated
to raise anywhere from $118,000,000
to $901,500,000 a year - should be
slapped through the House under a
"gag" forbidding amendments.
The Chamber, which will explain,
its attitude formally to the House
Ways and Means Committee Satur-
BURBANK, Calif., July 11.-
(P) - Diminutive Laura Ingalls
set her low-winged monoplane
down here at 7:51 (Pacific Stand-
ard Time) tonight, establishing
a transcontinental non-stop rec-
ford for women.
No other woman had flown
east-west across the continent
non-stop. Twice before in recent
months, Miss Ingalls had at-
tempted to better the east-west
mark of 17 hours, 7 minut s, 30
seconds, held by Amelia Earhart
but she was forced down first by
a dust storm at Alamosa, Col,
and again by engine trouble at In-
She flew on to New York, how-
ever, and announced she would
try her luck going west. The
third time success crowned her ef-
Italy To Task
Foreign Secretary Admits
Needs For Expansion
But Questions Tactics
LONDON, July 11.--(A') - A tense
House of Commons today heard Sir
Samuel Hoare, foreign secretary,
question the validity of Italy's rea-
sons for attacking Ethiopia.
"We admit the need fo; Italian ex-
pansion,a S'ir .amuel 'said, "We ad
mit again the justice of some criticism
that has been made against the Ethi-
opian Government. But arethe facts
of Italy's needs and the complaints
made against the Ethiopian Govern-
ment sufficient cause for plunging in-
Pledging Britain's continued effort
for peace, the Foreign Secretary
pleaded for Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hit-
ler's co-operation in pacifying turbu-
lent central and eastern Europe
through the negotiation of Eastern
and Danubian pacts.
It was Sir Samuel's maiden speech
before the Commons as Foreign Sec-
retary, and packed galleries, seating
diplomats of Italy and many othe
nations, heard him review Britain's
efforts to settle Italo-Ethiopian dif-
ferences, defend them as necessary
in view of the effect war would have
on' collective peace systems and ad-
vise, by indirection, Anglo-American
co-operation in world affairs.
He promised England would not
abandon "any reasonable chance
which may offer itself for helping
prevent a disastrous war," although
he denied rumors that France had
been asked to help blockade Italy o
that Britain was preparing "some
isolated form of coercion."
The Foreign Secretary lashed out
at "wild statements" in the Italian
press questioning the motives of
Britain's peace efforts, asserting
Britain had only' "the motives o
peaceful settlement" and declaring
"statements that we are thinking of
our colonial interests or massing
troops in the neighboring British
colonies are completely devoid of
Stagg Says Radical
Outcry At Chicago
Is A 'Lot Of Bunk'
CHICAGO, July 11.-(P) - Amos
Alonzo Stagg thinks the outcry over
Communism at the University of Chi-
cago is a "lot of bunk."
The "grand old man of the mid-
way," coach of University of Chicago
football teams 41 years until he left
in 1933 to become coach at College of
the Pacific, Stockton, Cal., took up
the cudgel for his friends of many
years as he said:
"Why I know these men and I
knoW the sort of things they teach.
If any professor tried to use his posi-
tion to advocate theories of govern-
Also Praises Educational
System in ThisCountry
As Compared.To Europe
Teaching Trends Is
Dr. Rankin's Topic
Urges A Procedure Based
On Child's Experience
By EDWARD LAUTH
Words of praise for our educational
system as compared with those of
European countries and a strong ad-
monition to educators to resist any
encroachment on their freedom of
thought 'and expression, closed the
final meeting of the Sixth Annual
Summer Educational 'Conference,
held yesterday at the Union.
They were the words of Prof. Pres-
ton W. Slosson of the history depart-
ment, who spoke on "From the View-
point of Recent Developments in ur-
ope,' What is Likely to be the Future
of American Education."
Professor Slosson stated that "Ed-
ucation may be good or evil;'if it
degenerates into indoctrination the
more efficient it is the worse It is,"
Have More Education
"Russia and Germany, he con-
tinued, have more education per
square inch than any other place in
the world, but they have nothing to
teach us excepting what to avoid.
These countries, under dictators, have
combined church, state, school, radi,
newspapers and movies into one huge
propaganda plant and the result Is
tdat'thei pe6p1k"'re turned out a
'"It is the freedom and expression of
thought in our schools which make
them superior to the superb educa-
tional systems found in the countries
of Europe under dictatorships andt
this freedom, Professor Slosson em-
phatically declared, must be pre-
served." He called upon the educat-
ors to "oppose by every means pos'-
sible the slightest infringement on
their fredom to investigate the truth
and express it as they find it, and
the freedom of the students to dis-
cuss it with them."
Approximate Each Other
Speaking of the educational sys-
tems of the "free" countries of Eur-
ope, Professor Slosson stated that
these and the educational systems of
the United States would tend to ap-
proximate each other. They 'would
continue to influence each other as
they have in the past, witnessed by
the fact that we have borrowed hon-
or courses, comprehensive examina-
tions, the tutorial system, and inde-
pendent courses of study from Oxford
and Cambridge, and European schools
have adopted our coeducational sys-
tem, lecture system, and seminars,
the speaker stated.
Our graduate schools, Professor
Slosson finds, have risen to the level
of any European graduate school and
in the future may pass beyond them.
He believes that the amount of pure
research work done in these schools
will increase tremendously because
the European schools, which have
been carrying the burden of this, are
no longer financially able to do so.
Dr. Paul T. Rankin, supervising di-
rector of instruction in the Detroit
Public School system, preceded Pro-
fessor Slosson and spoke on the
topic "What is Likely to be the Fu-
ture Trend in Instructional Proced-
ure?" Dr. Rankin urged a modifica-
tion of procedure "in the direction of
a better understanding of children
and a better understanding of their
needs." He did not think that there
would be any great change in present
procedure as far as direction is con-
cerned, but that there would be a
shifting of emphases.
Keeping in mind the need for so-
cial con'sciousness, social awareness,
and better citizenship in the final
product of the schools. Dr. Rankin
urged a procedure based on the
child's experience and the child's
This would require the organization
On Rghts Of xpe
son Urges Educators
New York ............46 26
Chicago .............39 31
Philadelphia .........30 41
St. Louis .............21 51
Detroit 7, Washington 6 (1O in-
New York 8, Cleveland 1.
Boston 4-2, Chicago 3-10.
Philadelphia 7-6, St. Louis 3-9.
Detroit at Washington.
Cleveland at New York.
St. Louis at Philadelphia.
New York ............50 21
St. Louis'............. 43 29
Pittsburgh .. . .......41 36
Brooklyn ..........33 39
Philadelphia .........31 41
Cincinnati. .......... 33 42
Boston ..............21 54
New York 4, Pittsburgh 2.
Cincinnati 5, Brooklyn 4.