THE MICHIGAN DAILY
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Official Publication of the Summer Session
.A' ,1 '3
it is merely a superficial source of enjoyment and
a way to pass the time. Psychology furnishes a
weighty argument to the contrary by showing
that music does hace a definite worth as a means
of relaxing. More than that, there is little doubt
that music -good music - makes for a fine type
of personality (and this is not to overlook the
possibility that an enemy of society may be the
truest of music lovers).
A national orchestra, then, sponsored by the
Federal government, would bring the works of the
great masters to more of those who now know
them little or not at all, is something worth plan-
ning and striving for -not only for itself but be-
cause it would open the door, .perhaps, to more
undertakings of the same sort - government spon-
sorship of the many fine musicians and singers who
today are hard put to it to earn a living, for
example. Perhaps it is a project that should be
postponed td a more prosperouse era but, on
the other hand, if we must have "boon-doggling"
today, why not make it worthwhile?
Publisxned every morning except Monday during the
Uhiversity year and Summer Session by the Board in
Control of Student Publications.
M emnber of the Western Conference Editorial Association
and the Big Ten News Service.
Asciated fo llegiat $Rrtss
-'1934 1g 935 -
MAK4soW WSCO51NS N
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MANAGING EDITOR...........JOHN C. HEALEY
ASSISTANT MANAGING EDITOR ..ROBERT S. RUWITCH
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: Thomas E. Groehn, Thomas H.
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THE PIIGHT of womankind in Eu-
rope is at last engaging the atten-
tion of the world, as it should have long ago.
Disp'atches from the continent inform us that
the position of woman in the affairs of the world
is constantly being degraded, especially, it appears,
in the Fascist countries. The more prominent
status attained by the fair sex in the .years after
the war is now definitely retrogressing.
Take Germany, for instance. In this country a
"quota" has been imposed on women, limiting the
number of their sex who may obtain higher or
specialized education. The number of women who
may engage in any Italian industry has been for-
mally limited to 20 per cent, and this figure ap-
plies only where the need for women is "indis-
pensable." The Belgian minister of labor and so-
cial welfare has fixed, by exercising the preroga-
tive of the crown, "a maximum percentage of
mrried women in each branch of commerce and
industry with a view to replacing such women by
men unable to find employment."
The essential nature of these repressive moves
against womankind is summed up by Albin E.
Johnson, who writes as follows in the St. Louis
"It is in Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy
especially where the movement to drive women
out of professional and industrial life and into
the home is most pronounced. Both govern-
ments are bent on obtaining heavily increased
birthrates. The Nazi rules governing voca-
tional guidance for women provide that 'the
first duty of women is to fulfill their biological
Thus proceeds the "glorification" of women
under the Nazi and Fascist banner.
Mr. Tibbett. . .
HEN DEPRESSION camps on the
nation's doorstep; when the news-
papers tell of a "hungry Sunday" in one of our
foremoststates; and when haggard and shabby
men pace the city streets, penniless and unem-
ployed, it is perhaps not the best part of tact
to talk of spending public funds for the further-
ance of good music. In that respect, the recent
appearance before a Senate committee of a prom-
inent American singer who urged the establish-x
went of a national orchestra was unfortunate.
It was so because the wholly commendable proposal
be made will probably not be given the attention
Mr. Tibbett's recommendation deserves support
as .well as attention because it seeks action in a
field which has been neglected woefully not only
by the American government but by the people
in general as well. That is the field of music, or
more specifically, of good music. (Of certain
kinds of music there has been all too little neglect).
Unquestionably, the appreciation and creation of
fine music has been left to a small minority of the
population. For the multitude of others it has (or
had until the radio came upon the scene) little
e~xistence or import. And, without belittling the
recreational possibilities of "certain kinds of
music," it can truthfully be said that this is a re-
grettable state of affairs, especially when the means
to remedy it are so close at hand.
It may be said that there is no real reason for ac-
quainting more people with what is best in music
-that, in good times, Tom Brown, machinist, gets
along beautifully with his family, his bungalow,
,his radio, and his automobile --that he is satis-
fied with the songs of the Crosby's and the Et-
tings and needs no Mendelssohn or Wagner to
insure his continued well-being. Granted that is1
.. 4..k: - k: irr1fnav . Scn~n+-nf 1~
By KIRKE SIMPSON
WVASHINGTON - To the man in the street, the
House battle over the Senate's "death sen-
tence" provision in the utility holding company
control bill must be something of a mystery. In
practical application, what difference is to be
expected between a mandatory direction to the
securities exchange commission to "simplify" all
such companies beyond the first degree out of
existence and a grant of discretionary authority
to do just that?
President Roosevelt appoints the commission.
The only check on his appointive power is Senate
confirmation. Both the President and the Senate
have declared for extinction of utility holding
companies with small exception, as a matter of
public policy. Why should it be supposed that a
commission created by their joint authority would
not carry out that policy?
* * * *
EICHER HINTED AT IT
T IS ASSERTED that the regulatory provisions
of the House bill are even more rigid than
those in the Senate measure. Time and again,
advocates of the House Section 11, as compared
to the Senate's "death sentence" Section 11, asked
why the administration was not satisfied with the
The flood of argument did not clearly indicate
just why not. Yet Representative Eicher of Ohio,
administration spokesman in the effort to substi-
tute the Senate provision, hinted at it. He was
cut off by time limit before he developed his
Asserting that this mandatory versus discretion-
ary authority to outlaw holding companies was
the crux of the fight, Eicher added:
"They both depend on the same power of Con-
gress ... upon the commerce clause in the Con-
That power is narrowed by the overthrow of
NRA by the Supreme Court. There is another
question of constitutionality upon which the high
court has harped ever since the "hot oil" decision.
That is the matter of delegated legislative func-
tions. The House plan of giving a commission
discretionary authority might be more subject to
constitutional attacks on the delegated legislative
power point than the Senate's plan of having
Congress itself declare the policy.
There is only limited discretionary administra-
tive power under the "death sentence" section.
The House section leaves it to the commission to
make a finding of policy as to when a specific
holding company is injurious to public interest.
* * * *
TO BE MAJOR ISSUE
WHATEVER THE ULTIMATE disposition of the
utility bill at this session, the point stressed
by the administration workers during the lost
battle in the House was that this was to be a major
issue, if not the issue, of the next election.
If that is the case, it might serve presidential
purposes better to let the bill die in conference or
to veto it than to accept the House version and
risk a Supreme Court overthrow of the act. Such
an overthrow would add immeasurably to the dif-
ficulties of getting legislation at the next session
or any subsequent session.
IThe SOAP. BOX
Letters published In this column should not be
construed us expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editor reserving the right to condense
all letters of over 300 words and to accept or reject
letters upon the criteria of general editorial importance
and interest to the campus.
To the Editor:
You may wish to publish this letter. The en-
closed article is from The New Republic of July 10,
"Readers of The New Republic have long been
acquainted with Robert Morss Lovett's distin-
guished critical writings on English literature and
his articles on contemporary subjects. They will
be interested to know that a committee of the Illi-
nois State Senate which investigated the charges
of radicalism, made against the University of Chi-
cago by one of our leading venders of patent med-
icines and the many varieties of gadgets sold by the
modern American 'drug store,' has singled out Pro-
fessor Lovett for unfavorable comment. Mr. Lo-
vett, it appears, is 'unpatriotic' and 'cannot be an
asset to any forward-looking American educa-
tional institution.' , This is because he believes
in peace and opposed American participation in
the last European war, because he fights for free-
Four stars - mustn't miss; three stars - very good;
two stars - an average picture; one star - poor; no
star - don't go.
* *PLUS AT THE MICHIGAN
A Warner picture starring Joe E. Brown, with
Olivia DeHavilland, William Frawley, Roscoe Karns,
and Ruth Donnelly. Also a comedy, a cartoon, a
musical short, Paul Tompkins, and a Paramount
For baseball fanatics this arrives at the psycho-
logical moment, but it has plenty of laughs for
anybody who likes Joe E. Brown's rough, healthy
Taken from Ring Lardner's story, "Alibi Ike"
has new situations on which to build comedy,
although the gamblers who inevitably appear in
every picture even vaguely connected with sport
are here again.
From Sauk Center Francis Farrell (Joe E.
Brown) arrives at the Cubs' training grounds by
crashing through the outfield fence in an ancient
Ford whose steering wheel has broken off.
His alibis begin there, and continue as he im-
presses the manager (William Frawley) with his
ability, becomes the only hope for a Chicago pen-
nant, falls in love with the manager's sister-in-law
(Olivia DeHavilland) and yields for a moment to
Olivia DeHavilland is pretty enough to satisfy
in a picture in which no dramatic ability is needed
or expected. The others are good.
Chief disappointment in "Alibi Ike" is in the
baseball shots. Rookie Farrell's pennant-winning
fast ball obviously doesn't have any more fast
than a pillow. And the Cubs and Giants are shown
playing a night game - a glaring inaccuracy.
Although Ike's alibis are funny, there is often
too much talking and not enough action. Typical
alibi: Although it is his regular bed time, Farrell
has to go retire because there is gravel in his shoes
and his feet are hurting.
The shorts: A comedy, centering around a
trained seal (not funny); a musical short (clum-
sily done, with old songs); a cartoon (good); Paul
Tompkins (a good long program); and newsreel
REICH SHUTS SWEDISH PLANT ( -
MALMO, Sweden - IP-Germany's
decision to openly rearm is regarded w
as partially responsible for the an- C
nouncement that the Lihhmann Avia-be
tion Company here will cease opera- -
tions. The company, controlled by
German interests, has used German-
patents and is said to have delivered
a number of airplanes to the Reich.
As high as 400 workers, many of
them Germans, have been employed.
LAUNDRY , FOR SALE
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anteed. Men's shirts our specialty. LUXEMBURG GARDENS -$1C
Call for and deliver. Phone 5594. FRAMED. U L R I C H'S BOOK-
611 E. Hoover: 3x STORE, CORNER EAST ANE
JEANETTE MacDONALD and
NELSON EDDY in
JOE E. BROWN
By JOHN SELBY
"ADVENTURES IN GEYSER LAND,"
by Frank D. Carpenter, edited by Heister Dean
Guie and Lucillus Virgil McWhorter; (Caxton).
THE STRONG REVIVAL of interest in western
history is responsible for reprinting one of the
most delightful books on the subject, Frank D.
Carpenter's "Adventures in Geyser Land." The
book covers events in Yellowstone National Park
in 1877, was first printed in 1878, and has of
course been out of print and practically unobtain-
able for decades.
Carpenter's story begins with the decision of a
Montana group to visit the geyser land. As the
party rode along it gathered in other tourists, and
by the time the geysers were reached there was a
good-sized band which included two women, sisters
of Carpenter.. The group was jolly, marveled at
the sights, played guitar and violin of nights and
even danced a bit.
Unfortunately their visit coincided with the visit
of the Nez Perc6 Indians, who were being harried
by government troops in one of the most disgrace-
ful wars against the former owners of this con-
tinent. The party was captured, and Carpenter's
account gradually grows into a typical "captured
by savages" yarn.
As Others See I
BEFORE he dare order his unenthusiastic troops
to advance on Abyssinia, Mussolini has several
diplomatic knots to untangle. It will be difficult,
for they will not yield to the Alexandrian method.
Foremost, he must come to terms with Germany on
the status of Austria so there will be no unexpected
coup while the tedious process of "civilizing" the
Ethiopians is in progress. Then Mussolini must
find some formula for reassuring England of his in-
tentions and making Premier Pierre Laval of
France believe that he is not overstepping the
understanding of last February's Rome conference.
It will be ,a matter of returning to the proper eti-
quet of imperialistic expansion and pitching the
sound of saber rattling in a minor key.
England and France, anxious to keep Italy on
their side, may be easily satisfied with a few plati-
tudes and promises uttered with tongue in cheek.
It is a different,-proposition with a Wilhelmstrasse
more alert to world trends than the foreign office
of the kaiser ever dreamed of being. Concessions
will have to be made.
This is why the Italian press campaign against
Germany has been abruptly stopped. This is why
Italy has cooled to the pledges taken with England
and France at Stresa. It accounts for overlooking
the Austrian promises broken by Hitler. It ex-
plains the indefinite postponement of the Danubian
conference. Ambitions of empire know no ob-
stacles. Political morality is a relic of democ-
racies. Germany will cultivate this change in sen-
timent. Its anti-Mussolini press campaign has
ceased. It would not be surprising if Hitler again
visited the peninsula and learned that Fascism and
Naziism have much in common. Austria? Some
arrangement will be made. Anyway, what is a
weak mountain state to the unexploited natural
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