Fair Tuesday and Wednes- Ti
day; somewhat cooler east por-V
Oficial Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XVI No. 44 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, TUESDAY, AUGUST 13, 1935
hought And Action .. .
irtue In Democracy ...
PRICE: FIVE CENTS
5 Killed, 20 Injured In Ohio Interurban Train Crash
Little Man___________ ____
Senate Finance Group In
Sudden Decision Turns
To The Big Incomes
To Be Hit Hardest
Action Taken Amid Storm
Of Bi-Partisan Criticism;
Low Incomes Exempted
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.-()-
Tax boosts on little incomes today
were ripped out of the Administration
.tax bill in a striking reversal of Sen-
ate Finance Committee sentiment.
Swiftly, the committee voted to
limit heavier income levies to those
over the $1,000,000 class - the figure
mentioned by President Roosevelt in
his "wealth distribution" message.
Both actions were taken amid a
storm of bi-partisan criticism of Sat-
urday's committee action, which
would have brought incomes as low
as $800 a yearwithin the reach of the
Federal tax collector. Frequently, the
prediction was heard that such a.
step, if approved by the Senate itself,
would mean no tax bill.
The motion to reconsider which
preced the reversal was made by
Sen. Alben W. Barkley, (Dem., Ken.)
who was a weekend fishing compan-
ion of President Roosevelt. At first he
was defeated by an 8 to 8 tie but on
a second ballot won reconsideration
by 9 to 7. The LaFollette amend-
ment then was eliminated by a vote.
of 8 to !6.
After revising other rates in the
House bill, the Committee approved
the completed draft without a record
House Objection Indicated
Just before the Committee acted,
on the income clauses, Speaker Jos-
eph W. Byrns had lunched with Presi-
dent Roosevelt and predicted flatly
that the House would not accept
higher taxes on small-salaried per-
sons. He added that he had not dis-
cussed the tax rates with the Presi-
dent. But his view was echoed by
leaders in both the House and Sen-
ate. It was in this atmosphere that
the finance committee reversed itself.
Chairman Pat Harrison, (Dem.,
Miss), proposed the substitute to
raise surtaxes only on incomes over
$1,000,000. The House surtax in-
creases began at the $50,000 level.
How much revenue wouldbe lost by
the Harrison amendment was not es-
timated immediately, but it was be-
lieved to be a large lump of the $450,-
000,000 which the bill was estimated
to raise with the LaFollette amend-
Estates Levies Raised
Even after today's reversal ,the
Finance Committee bill still substi-
tuted highest estate levies forthe
House inheritance taxes proposed by
the President, modified the House
excess profits taxes, and increased the
existing capital stock tax. It ac-
cepted the House graduated corpora-
tion income tax rates.
Leading the parade of protesters
against the LaFollette rates prior to
their elimination,. Senator Joseph T.
Robinson, the Democratic leader, had
said the committee revision "mater-
ially complicates the situation" and
'probably will cause a prolongation
of the session."
Sen. Arthur H. Vandenberg, (Rep.,
Mich.) commented - before the La-
Follette amendment was removed
that if a tax bill is insisted upon at
this session "you need all the reve-
nues proposed by the Senate Com-
mittee amendments and a lot more,
because even the Senate Committee
amendments will not pay the Presi-
dent's deficit for 30 years.
"I consider it absolute folly," he
said, "to waste the public resources
to pass any tax bill which is not di-
rectly tied up with budget legislation.
The whole problem should gb over
until next winter when convalescent
economy on the one hand, and in-
creased revenues from better busi-
ness on the other will show what new
taxes are necessary to balance the
budget and restore the public to a
-Associated Press Photo.
Five persons met death and 20 others were injured, many seriously, when a work car and a passenger
car of the Cincinnati and Lake Erie Traction Line collided head on near Springfield, O. Tho crash was one of
the worst in central Ohio In more than a decade. One of the women fatally injured can be seen in a car
Held Over For
Second W e e k
Postpone Friml's 'Firefly'E
Indefinitely; 'Naughty c
Marietta' Is Next
DETROIT, Aug. 12.-For the sec-
ond time during the Opera Under the
Stars season this summer, a produc-
tion has been held over for a second
week. "The Vagabond King", which
opened its engagement at Navin Field
last Monday night, Aug. 5th, will
continue to hold sway for another
The bening 'of riml's "Firefly"
has been postponed. A week from
Monday, Aug. 19th, will see the open-
ing of "Naughty Marietta", whichc
will be presented due to the demand
"The Vagabond King" has proven
itself to be more popular than anyf
other production presented this sum-
mer, even surpassing "Rose Marie"I
which was the other show to enjoy
a two week's engagement.
The stirring "Song of the Vaga-
bonds", and the beautiful "Only A
Rose" are naturally the outstanding
hit songs of the show. The large col-
orful mob scenes as well as the high-
ly comic moments interspersed in the,
great story based on McCarthy's "If
I Were King", all combined tomake
a spectacular presentation of this
thrilling favorite on the outdoor stage.
A brilliant cast is to be seen in
this musical show. The leading role,t
that of the gay poet, educated mur-
derer and thief-Francois Villon, is7
played by Paul Keast, who has starred
in this show many, many times. The
lovely voice of Gladys Baxter is heard
in the role of Lady Katherine. Others
in the cast are Leonard Ceeley, Bart-
lett Simmons, Nancy Welford, Robert
Long, Hope Emerson, Barnett Parkerr
and Sandra Ward.
To Plan World
MOSCOW, Aug. 12. -WP) - A
world-wide program by Communists
to prevent war will be drawn up at
the Seventh Conference of, the Third
Internationale now in session here,
delegates decided today.
The committee announced it would
embark tomorrow on a discussion of
asserted preparations for an "im-
perialistic war" by several counties.
In an article in the official party
magazine, Bolshevik, yesterday, Earl
Browder, American Communist, stat-
ed the Communist party intended to
become the leader of the united front
in America against war preparations
Browder told the Congress that
.Communists in the United States
would seek the leadership of a pro-
posed workers and farmers party
against "the dangers of fascism."
The Soviet writer, Karl Radek, in
an article today in the newspaper,
Izventia, accused German Nazis of
m.itavrv erioPnn and as-
Major League Standings
AMERICAN LEAGUE ,
New York .......:..
St. Louis ...........
No game scheduled.
Washington at Detroit.
New York at Cleveland.
Boston at Chicago.
Philadelphia at St. Louis.
New York .......... .
St. Louis ..........
Army To Hold
Its War Games"
At N. Y. Camp
Movements Are Said To
Be Greatest In Peace
Time HistoryOf U. S.
PINE CAMP, N. Y., Aug 12. -- (A) -
Soldiers from 12 eastern states and
the District of Columbia converged
on this sand plainland today for what
were said to the greatest war games
ever held by a peacetime American
More than 60,000 regular army and
national guard troops - A number.
equal to half the peace strength of
the American army -- will take part
in the mock combat of the first army
from Aug. 17 to 31.
The concentration will be the first
test under actual war conditions of
the new field organization alignments
worked out by the War Department
for the primary defense of the Na-
tion in the initial stages of an emer-
The largest body of troops will see
action in the 100 square mile area
surrounding Pine Camp near Wa-
tertown in north central New York.
Approximatly 40,000 soldiers from th
regular army and the national guard
of Nw England, New York and New
Jersey will be stationed here.
An additional 20,000 troops will be
held in strategic reserve to the main
body at Mt. Gretna and Indiantown
Gap, on Pennsylvania's national
guard reservation. Virginia, Mary-
land, Delaware and Pennsylvania na-
tional guardsmen will join regular'
army units there.
The third concentration will be at
Fort Devens, Mass., where a regular
army peacetime brigade of 1,600 men
will be held as additional reserve.
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. - (N) -
Imposition of code wages and hours
on any industry dealing with the Gov-
ernment or operating with Govern-
ment money was provided in a bill
passed without a record vote today
by the Senate and sent to the House.
Is In]jucred As
Mrs. Laura Brunton, Wife
Of Graduate Student, Is
In Plane Accident
Injured Pilot Is In
Plane Wing Brushes Tree
And Plunges Into Ground
At City Airport
By THOMAS H. KLEENE
The wife of a Summer Session
;raduate student, Mrs. Laura May
Brunton, 22-year-old woman pilot,
was seriously injured soon after 8
p.m. yesterday when the monocoupe
plane she was driving hurtled to
earth at the local airport.
Mrs. Brunton's plane crashed to
the ground when its wingbrushed
against a tree near the airport as she
urned a pylon.
Physicians at St. Joseph's Mercy
Hospital, where the crash victim was
aken, last nighthdescribed her con-
lition as critical. Although the full
extent of her injuries had not been
letermined, her left leg was cut off
at the ankle, and it was feared that
Mrs. Brnton had received internal
The plane did not catch fire, de-
spite the fact that the fusilage was
completely sprayed with gasoline.
Mrs. Brunton, who had been flying
for more than two years, was prac-
ticing the circling of pylons in prep-
aration for women's handicap compe-
tition to be held soon. George Downs,
chief pilot at the local field, was flying
another plane just ahead of her. She
had .125 flying hours and a private
Her husband, Frederick K. Brun-
ton, University graduate student in
he Summer Session, was at Iron
Mountain yesterday inspecting cop-
per tnines In that vicinity in conne-
ton with his University work. Mr.
and Mrs. Brunton are residents of
Split May Be
Evanston Meeting Plans To
Reconcile Differences Of
CHICAGO, Aug. 12.-WP) -Solution
of century old differences that split
Methodism into three branches will be
sought in a conference opening tomor-
row' with the hope that reunion can
be effected by 1944, centennial of the
The meeting will be held in Evans-
ton, where 17 years ago the move-
ment to bring back into a single fold
the Methodist Episcopal Church
(Northern), Methodist Episcopal
Church, South, and the Methodist
Protestant Church was begun.
Even if a plan acceptable to the
three delegations is found during the
conference, it would require years,
interested persons pointed out, to get
final ratification of the groups be-
cause of the wait for general confer-
ences and the intricate problems in-
Dean James A. James, a member
of the first group which met in 1918,
and of the northern delegation to
the three day meeting opening to-
morrow, expressed the belief that ten-
tative plans have advanced to the
point where ratification is a possi-
The first of the major schisms came
in 1828 with the formation of the
Methodist Protestant Church because
of a dispute over lay representation.
The second and larger split in Meth-
odism was in 1844 over the question
of slavery, a division along territorial
lines rather than one of thought.
Leaders of the three delegations
were Bishop Edwin D. Mouzon, Char-
lotte, N. C., Southern Church; Bishop
William F. McDowell, Washington,
D. C., Northern Church, and the Rev.
Dr. J. C. Bloomfield, Pittsburg,
Methodist Protestant Church.
The membership represented by the
three churches exceeds 8,000,000.
Groom And Bride Dep't
Howard C. Hopson Arrives
In Washington To Testify
At House Hearing
Group To Convene
For Witness Today
Pittsburgh 7, Cincinnati 4.
Only game scheduled.
No games scheduled.
Returned By Jury
CHICAGO, Aug. 12.-- (A)-- An in-
dictment charging Mandeville W.
Zenge with slaying Dr. Walter J.
Bauer, University of Michigan stu-
dent, was returned today by the Cook
County Grand Jury.
Assistant State's Attorney Mal
Coghlan said that Zenge would be
arraigned tomorrow before Judge
John C. Lewe in Criminal Court. Jo-
seph E. Green, Zenge's attorney, has
indicated that he will ask a contin-
Meanwhile Lieut. Otto Erlanson,
head of the Homicide Squad, was re-
tracing the route over which the slay-
er of Dr. Bauer drove here from Ann
Arbor, after kidnaping the victim
-Associated Press Photo.$
The assertion that the adminis-
tration should reveal before Con-
gress adjourns whether any Con-2
stitutional changes are contem-
plated was made by former Presi-t
dent Hoover, shown as he passed
through Chicago enroute -to Newc
York. He said "Primary libertiesc
of the people have been trampledt
upon" in the last two years.t
'Kingdom Of God' Will
Be Presented Twice To
"The Kingdom of God," the story
of a Spanish nun whose simple faith
and idealism aids her in overcomine
all the sordid difficulties of her lifej
will be the last presentation of the
Michigan Repertory Players. The
play will open tonight at the Lydia
Mendelssohn theatre and will also
be presented tomorrow night.
This offering written by G. Mar-
tinez-Sierra and translated into Eng-
lish by Hawley Granville Barker, has
30 intricate speaking roles, and, ac-
cording to Valentine B. Windt, direc-
tor, "each role must be well played in
crder to effectively contrast the char-
acter of the nun, Sister Gracia.
"'The Kingdom of God' is a great
literary play," Mr. Windt said, "and
is outstanding for its sympathetic
character portrayals. Although it
is set in a religious atmosphere, the
characters are human and realistic.'
The plot deals with three crises in
the life of Sister Gracia, a membei
of an aristocratic Spanish family
and the granddaughter of a marquis
who gives up the life of a debutante
to become a nun. Each succeeding
scene shows the deterioration of the
background of her life, Mr. Windi
said, but her sense of idealism and
faith triumph over -her hardships
In the first act she is a 19-year-old
-urse in an asylum for old men, in
the second she is shown in a home
for wayward women, and in the last
act she is an old woman of 70, in an
asylum for delinquent children.
"This play admirably portrays the
unique quality of Spanish religion,"
Mr. Windt stated, "since it shows the
people regarding their religion with
a sense of proportion, although it is
always in the background of their
"The nuns in the play are not mar-
tyrs," he said, "nor are they subject
to any hallucinations about their
work, but they are merely intensely
human characters, who have devoted
their lives to charity."
O'Connor Refuses To Say
Where Official Is Found
After Long Hunt
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12. -(4)-
Howard C. Hopson, dominant figure
in the Associated Gas and Electric
System, long sought as a witness in
the utilities lobby investigation, was
brought to the capital tonight to tes-
dify tomorrow before the House Rules
The fugitive from the House and
Senate lobby quizzes had foiled all
previous efforts to locate him. As
the, hunt became hotter, Committee
leaders threatened to call in the De-
partment of Justice's G-Men to trail
the utility magnate.
Only last week charges were made
and denied that Hopson was being
harbored by Patrick J. Hurley, secre-
tary of war in the Hoover Cabinet.
[he committee's agents dramatically
descended upon Hurley's manorial
estate near Leesburg, Va., but failed
to find their quarry. Hurley branded
the "raid" an outrage and inquired:
"Why don't you search the White
Hurley, a lawyer, has represented
Associated Gas () Electric in its
fight on the utilities bill.
Testimony Eagerly Awaited
Hopson- isknown as the master
mind of the big holding company.
His testimony on the amount spent
by the corporation and the methods
ased in its battle to defeat the meas-
are has been eagerly awaited.
Chairman John J. O'Connor of the
House Rules Committee announced
opson's arrival. He told newsmen:
"The Committee will meet at 10
A.m. tomorrow, and unless Hopson
ias a physical collapse or soniething
he will be there as a witness.'
O'Connor declined to say where
:-ommittee investigators had found
the long-missing witness, but it was
known they had been looking for him
in New Jersey.
"All I know," O'Connor said, "is
;hat I got a telephone call from my
.man who said he was with Hopson
and had served a subpena on him and
ne would appear before the Com-
.nittee tomorrow morning."
He added that at least one of his
:nen would stay with Hopson over-
The Senate Lobby Committee,
leaded by Chairman Hugo Black, al-
so has been looking high and low for
Lawyers To Testify
Is Finally Brought
Faint Hopes For Preservation
Of Stresa Front' Are Yet Held
ROME, Aug. 12. - (VP)-Faint hopes
for the preservation of the "Stresa
front" prevailed in informed circles
today as Italy's delegation prepared
to depart for the tripartite conver-
sations in Paris Thursday on the
Similar skepticism greeted reports
from Addis Ababa that Emperor Haile
Selassie had agreed to cede some land
to Italy in exchange for a heavy loan
or an Ethiopian outlet to the set.
These sources had no hesitation in
conceding that the accord with
France, Great Britain and Italy
achieved at Stresa four months ago
in the fact of German rearmament
was in imminent danger of collapse
as a consequence of Britain's attitude
toward Italy's East African policy.
, That treaty provides for the eco-
nomic settlement of the Ethiopian
problem by arbitration by the three
great western powers.
Italy contends, however, that she
has never been able to enforce the
terms of the treaty because of what is
regarded here as lack of Ethiopian
cooperation. That creates the feeling
that the Paris conversations will be
barren of any beneficial diplomatic
News of Ethiopian's reported offer
of a "strip of sand" arrived here on
the heels of stories that Italy had
acquired a new and powerful weapon
for aerial attack and in the midst
of expanding her military prepara-
1 T - ."
Digging into the activities of law-
yers in connection with the utilities
All, Black announced resumption of
nearings tomorrow with the follow-
ing witnesses: T. Justice Moore, Rich-
nond, Va.; M. J. McCruden, Phila-
delphia, Duncan Robertson, New
York, and representatives of Sullivan
and Cromwell and of Simpson,
Ihacher and Bartlett, both of New
Meanwhile an accumulation of
evidence has been piling up which
the committee expects to put to use
in its forthcoming investigation of
lobbying on the tax bill. There is
already a big file of it, members said,
principally copies. of circular letters
sent by corporations to their stock-
holders, urging letters and telegrams
to Congressmen. Investigators said
they were sent in, for the most part,
by the stockholders.
With prospects for a pre-adjourn-
ment agreement on the utilities bill
concededly dwindling, Senator Bur-
ton K. Wheeler, (Mon.,Dem.), today
predicted "'an overwhelming licking"
for the power companies if the issue
is settled by the public.
His assertion was prompted by a
statement by Philip H. Gadsden,
chairman of the Committee of Pub-
lic Utility Executives, challenging the
Administration to take the power is-
7.,000,000 Will Pay
Taxes If Bill Passes
WASHINGTON, Aug. 12.- (/P)-_
Tax experts estimated today that if
tha enate Finane Conmittee's tax