THE 3 M C-,HI G A N-s,3I VU
As A Machine
But Terror And Laughter
Are In Human Letters
Appealing For Relief
By SIGRID ARNE
WASHINGTON, July 22. - (/P) -
The 400 men and women who make
up the Federal relief administration's
staff here have gone through three
phases of philosophy since they took
their places on the distress firing line.
Frist, great shock and worry over
the hundreds of thousands of fam-
ilies imploring help.
Then, punch-drunk, a phase of an-
noyance at the insistence of many
and the angry vituperation of some.
Then, a knowledge that only swift,
cold, methodical office work can speed
help to the homeless. .Tears and wor-
ry at headquarters only delay.
Like Clearing House
Now the office force has settled
to a workman-like organization that
would be difficult to distinguish from
any large business concern. Stenog-
raphers in rows; filing clerks at cab-
inets; deputy administrators pouring
over reports; regional men returning
to describe their territories.
The Washington office - and thou-
sands of unemployed forget this - is
merely a clearing house. It has no
money to spend on its own authority.
It can't send shoes, doctors or the
rent to the needy. It can only grant
money to the states, and advise on
and check the spending.
One group at headquarters acts as
accountants. It goes over the books
of the states and determines how
much the states can afford to pay for
their own poor.
Determine Human Needs
Another group determines the hu-
man needs; the number of penniless
and unemployed, the sort of people
they are, the shortest way for states
to rehabilitate them.
Another group gives technical ad-
vice on work projects.
And the fourth deals with the rural
poor and stranded populations, such
as lumber towns where the forests
But the people on relief know little
of organization. They forget their
own state is responsible for them,
and they write their troubles to Wash-
ington. They write of everything
from hunger to sick cows and unfaith-
Flight By Russian
MOSCOW, July 22. - (P),-A sud-
den electrical storm broke over Mos-
cow this afternoon and halted the
take-off of the Soviet's "mystery"
plane on a 6,250-mile flight over the
North Pole to San Francisco. Further
unfavorable weather was forecast.
Because of the secrecy attending
the proposed flight there were reports
thatthe plane had already left. These
were denied, however, by Assistant
Manager Vofan, of the sea route de-
United States Ambassador William
C. Bullitt had postponed a vacation to
the Black Sea to be present at the
beginning of the flight.
Sigmund Levaneffsy, one of the So-
viet Union's most celebrated fliers,
will be in command of the flight,
His co-pilot will be Baibukoff and his
navigator Levchenko, who came into
prominence as the rescuer of James
J. Mattern when the American
round-the-world flier was stranded
Bearded Ethiopian King C -als For ' War To Death'
r' i' a9M 'C
! o w
j Y S
-Associated Press Photo.
Fervent demonstrations of enthusiasm were aroused in Addis Ababa,
capital of Ethiopia, when Emperor, Haile Selassie, shown in one of his
most recent portraits, sounded a militant call to his people to defend
their independence against Italy "to the death."
DAILY, OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Publication in the Bulletin is constructive notice to all members of the
University. Copy received at the office of the Summer Session, Room 1213
A.H. until 3:30: 11:30 a.m. Saturday.
The Old Time Broncho Busters
Couldn't Lick Today's, Tex Says
Head Nazi War On Jews And Catholics
-Associated Press Photo.
As anti-Jewish demonstrations continued in Nazi Germany and the
government loosed a new blast against the Catholic church, Count von
-Helldorf (left) was named Berlin police president to succeed a man who
failed to chase the Jews out of Berlin, and Hans Kerrl (right) was
placed in charge of all Catholic and Protestant church matters with
orders to prosecute priests for preaching anti-nazi doctrines.
Workers Toil In Moonligfht On e
Seawall Buit Of Tombstones
VOL. XVI No. 25
TUESDAY, JULY 23, 1935
Excursion No. 8: Ford's Greenfieldj
Village, Wednesday afternoon, July
24 - Round trip $1.00. Busses leave
from in front of Angell Hall at 1
o'clock p.m. Party returns to Ann
Arbor by 5 p.m. Feeofe25 cents will
be charged at the village. The con-
ducted tour will this year include sev-
eral new features and will also pro-
vide opportunity to see the museum.-
Reservations must be made by 5
o'clock p.m. Tuesday, July 23 in
Room 1213 Angell Hall.
L. J. Rouse.
Michigan Repertory Players: Sea-
son Ticket Holders: Because of the
unusually heavy demand for tickets
for "Othello" and . "The Chocolate
Soldier" you are urged to make your
reservations for these shows immedi-
ately. The box 9ffice will be open to-
morrow and Tu day from 9:30 a.m.
to 7 p.m.
Baseball Game: This evening at 6
o'clock at West Park the Intramural
baseball team will play Louis Friseng-
er's City League team.
Physical Education Luncheon: This
noon at. 12:10 at the Union Dr. Ar-
thur B. Moehlman will be the speak-
er at the luncheon for physical edu-
Summer Session Mixed Chorus:
meets this evening at 7 o'clock in
Morris Hall. All interested are in-
vited to attend.
Men's Glee Club: Important special
rehearsal this evening at 7 o'clock,
Morris Hall. Concert to be an-
Vcice Class' Demonstration: Ken-
neth Westerman and pupils of Ad-
rian, Mich. will give a demonstra-
tion Tuesday at 9 a.m. in the School
of Music Auditorium. All persons
that are interested are invited to at-
Michigan Repertory Players: Spec-
ial Matinees to "The Princess and
Mr. Parker," Friday and Saturday,
July 26 and 27 at 2:30 p.m.
Faculty Concert: Mark Bills, bari-
tone (Guest); Hanns Pick, Violoncel-
list, and Palmer Christian, Organist,
will give the following program at the
Faculty Concert, Tuesday evening,
July 23, at 8:30 p.m., to which the
general public, with the exception of
small children, is invited. Mrs. Mabel
Rhead and Achilles Taliaferro, will
be the accompanists.
Concerto in C major for Violoncello
Credo from "Othello," Verdi.
Sea Fever, Ireland.
By a Lonely Forest Pathway, Grif-
Turn Ye To Me, Lawson.
Love Went A Riding, Bridge.
Adagio in A minor from Toccata in
Siciliano from the Sonata for flute
and piano, Bach.
March from Dramma per Musica,
Passacaglia and Fugue in C minor,
Lectures as follows are open to stu-
dents and faculty of the Summer Ses-
sion: (Conference on Religion).
Today, 10 a.m., "Influence of the
Bible In Literature," Dr. Lemon
11 a.m. "Exhibit of Biblical Manu-
scripts, and lecture, Prof. Henry A.
Sanders (3rd Floor, Library).
2 p.m., "Some Persistent Problems,"
(continued) Prof. Adams.
4 p.m., "Religion In Account with
Modern Literature," Dr. Lemon.
E. W. Blakeman.
Phi Delta Kappa Society will have
lunch today at 12:10 at the Michigan
Men's Education Club: There will
be a baseball game at South Ferry
Field at 4:00 p.m. today.
Educational Conference: "The Uni-
versity's Revised Entrance Require-
ments" is the subject of the lecture
by Mr. Ira M. Smith, Registrar of
the Univesity, in Room 1022 Uni-
versity High School at 4:10 today(
For Relief from the Heat
and for a pleasant after-
noon or evening, Canoe-
ing on the Huron ... .
The University Bureau of Ap-
pointments and occupational In-
formation has received notice of the
following Detroit Civil Service exam-
Jr. Accountant (Male), $2,580.. 1
Sr. Technical Clerk (Accounting)
Florist (Male), $1860.
Supervising Posting Machine Op-
erator (Male and Female), $2,460.
These notices are on file in 201
Phi Lambda Theta Pcinic: Call
22143 for information and reserva-
tion. This picnic is scheduled for
Wednesday at 5:30 p.m.
School of Education Faculty-Stu-
dent Golf Match, Wednesday, July
24, Univesity Golf Course. Twosomes
and foursomes will be started at regu-
lar intervals between 3:00 and 4:00
p.m. All faculty men and men stu-
dents are invited to play.
R. W. Webster,
Supervisor Intramural Sports.
Summer Session French Club: The
next meeting of the Club will take
place Thursday, July 25, at 8:00 p.m.,
in the "Second Floor Terrace Room,"
Mr. Norman Lee, grad, who has lived
23 years in Paris, will speak on "La
There will also be a "mystery"
game, songs, refreshments and danc-
Graduation Recital: Luther Leav-
engood, Violinist, from Baldwin,
Kansas, student of Professor Wassily
Besekirsky, will give a Graduation
Recital, Thursday evening, July 25, in
the School of Music Auditorium, at
8:a0 o'clock, to which the general
public, with the exception of small
children, is invited: Mary Fishburne,
will be the accompanist.
Excursion No. 9: The regular Uni-
versity Summer Session Excursion to
Put-in-Bay will be conducted Friday,
the 26th of July. Tickets and infor-
mation may be secured at the Sum-
mer Session office. All interested
should register and purchase tickets
by Thursday noon, July 25th.
WALTER WENDELL CRASHES
GULFPORT, Miss., July 22. -(P)
- Walter Wendell, world famous air-
plane speed champion, drowned in
the Gulf of Mexico, 15 miles off of
Gulfport, today when his airplane
went into a tailspin and crashed into
After 48 years of wedded life, Mrs.
Mathias M. Shelton of Lamar, Mo.,
sued her husband for divorce on the
grounds of desertion.
THINKING - of Things that .
.01 NGE R1 ALE
Served at the MODERN WIKEL FOUNTAIN
OUR SODAS AND SUNDAES ARE NOW 1Oc
The 10The oKrWErL DeRU QCOa
East U. at South U. ' The Store Where Quality Rules
HOLLYWOOD, Calif., July 22. -
M - Riders of the romantic past,
says Tex Austin, couldn't hold a
candle to present day broncho bust-
The towering New Mexico rancher,
who is here not to enter the movies
but to stage a cowboy contest August
3 to 11, makesthis observation after
25 years of active participation in
rodeos in London, New York, Chicago
and other cities.
Austin also takes a long step to-
ward exploding another pet theory
about riding broncos.
"Anyone who says he never was
throwed," drawls Tex with ungram-
matical emphasis, "never throwed a
leg across an outlaw."
Cheek Straps Gone
He doesn't exempt any of them -
not even the winners of Calgary stam-
pede, the Cheyenne frontier days, the
Pendleton roundup or the Fort Worth
and Salinas, Calif., rodeos.
"I'd like to stake out and subdivide
all the ground I've seen the best riders
in the world looking for when one of
those broncs decides to move out from
under. Why, I'd have a million dol-
"Riding has changed so much since
then," he explains in talking of the
old-timers. "In the old days they had
a lot of equipment to aid them. They
had a check strap to keep the horse's
head up. They rode in tight cinched
saddles and they could hang on
with their spurs.
"That's all out now. There is
nothing to keep a bronc from getting
his head down so he can. buck. There
are no tight cinches to takethe fire
out of a mount. When a rider comes
out of the chute, he must have both
spurs high on the shoulders and then
bring them back when he's in the
open so the judges know he hasn't got
Milking Race Needed Rules
Tex says rules were needed to off-
set the ingenuity of riders in figuring
out new ways of subduing their
"Just like the wild cow milking
contest we used to have," he ex-
plained. "We paid prizes for the win-
ning team of two cowboys. One ran
out and caught the cow and the other
dashed out with a quart bottle and
filled it to a certain mark.
, "Well, the first thing we knew, one
of the boys was back again almost as
soon as the cow was caught. You
see, he had the milk in the bottle
before he started. So we made a rule
"I gave up trying to beat the in-
genuity of the boys on that and stop-
ped staging milking contests. After
all, no real cow hand milks cows
Where To Go
By RUSSELL B. READ
2 p.m. Majestic Theater, "The
Glass Key" with George Raft.
2 p.m. Michigan Theater, "Becky
Sharp" with Miriam Hopkins.
2 pm. Wuerth Theater, "Go Into
Your Dance" with Al Jolson, and
Ruby Keeler, and "Girl From Tenth
Avenue" with Bette Davis.
7 p.m. Same features at the three
Canoeing every afternoon and eve-
ning on the Huron River, Saunder's
Dancing at the Blue Lantern Ball-
room, Island Lake, featuring Clare
Wilson and his orchestra.
50-Yard Back Stroke
Is Taken By Elsworth
Robert Elsworth added another to
his string of firsts in the Intramural
Swimming Meet yesterday when he
won the 50-yard back stroke in 32.4.
H. B. Kellogg followed Elsworth and
Pat Gannon took third.
Elsworth tops all contenders in the
meet totals, having 490 points, while
Kellogg is second with 410 points. All
other contenders for the meet crown
are more than 100 points behind the
The 50-yard breast stroke competi-
tion will be held tomorrow afternoon.
SAN FRANCISCO, July 22.-(W)
- They're "on work relief," and their
job has spooky aspects - building a
seawall with 'tombostones - but Ed
Thornton and his crew don't mind.
They don't think of ghosts, and
there's no murmur of complaint, even
when they have to labor by moon-
light in the ebb hours.
Some of the men stand in the wa-
ter while the spray beats over them
and the wind from off the Golden
Gate intensifies its chill. Occasion-
ally one stands erect to balance on
one foot, remove a boot and pour out
'Bread And Self Respect'
"It's bread and butter and 'self re-
spect,' and every time I look up and
see one of those headstones they're
building into the wall, I'm better
satisfied," says George Gordon, one
of the youthful workers who has tem-
porarily abandoned his ambition to
become an architect.
"Well, the boys really do make fun
of it, especially on the late night
shifts when they have to work at
mean hours to take advantage of the
low tide," explained Thornton.
The wall being erected on the Ma-
rina is 12 feet thick at the base, 15
feet high and will be several thousand
feet long. Old cobblestones, the
tombstones of two abandoned ceme-
teries and salvaged rock from an old
wall are being used to avoid costs of
No Labor Trouble
"See those huge rocks down there?"
asks Thornton. "Well, they weigh up
to 20 tons each. We rigged up a
'snatch' tackle to help, and the boys
waded in, in the moonlight, and
heaved in rhythm to the tune of the
'Volga Boatman" and simply pushed
them out of our way. When the big
stones first began to give, they let out
a great shout. Talk about an organ-
ized rooting section! We've got one.
We chant Southern melodies and
other songs and it's because we make
fun of it - partly -that we've not
had a hint of labor trouble for more
than a year."
"I'm not ashamed to be on relief
worthwhile job we're doing, but I
don't let the folks at my rooming
house know I'm on work relief be-
cause so many of the early jobs were
so foolish and so clearly charity.
Some day I hope to get back to pri-
vate employment. Uncle Sam's O.K.
as an employer, and I'm grateful to
him, but you see it ain't like working
for a private boss. This kind of work
can't last forever and I'm anxious to
get back into something where I can
"Sure. A couple of years ago I
made the break and I almost got
away with it. A friend and I saved our
money by about starving ourselves,
and answered one of those partner-
ship ads. The guy was supposed to
be doing so much business he couldn't
take care of it alone. So we bought in
and the first week we split 75 cents.
That washed that up and my friend
Tomatoes All Froze
"We had bought a truck on time
and the next day the finance com-
pany came around to take it back. I
talked them into giving me another
week, borrowed $5 and started out
in the produce business buying and
selling fruit and vegetables.
"In no time at all I had $1,500 in
the bank. So I contracted for a big
patch of tomatoes. Got a good buy
too. But a few days later a frost came
along and every doggone tomato was
frozen. This time the finance com-
pany took the truck.
"But I'm saving my money agair
and I'll make a go of something some
of these days."
A warning to students to refrain
from swimming in warm, crowded
pools in the neighborhood of Ann Ar-
bor was given yesterday by Health
Several students have contracted
diseases from swimming in crowded
pools this season, officials revealed.
S. R. O.
The nomu~ionnof the n ntn. grl