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August 15, 1936 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1936-08-15

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The Weather
Mostly cloudy, .occasional rain
and warmer in north portion
today; tomorrow fair.

Y

SirAO

xt1

Editorials
Roosevelt's
Peace Speech ...

Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLV No. 40 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, AUG. 15, 1936

PRICE 5 CENTS

__ _
i I

Madrid Under
Loyalist Mob's
Rule,_Report,
Foreign Representatives
Preparing To Quit City
After FinalMeeting
Socialists, Fascists
In Bitter Fighting

Sets World record

Report
Held
With

Says American IsC
As Hostage Along
38 Britains

BULLETIN
LISBON, Portugal, Aug. 15.-
P) - (Saturday) - Portuguese
troops patrolling the Spanish
frontier fired upon a group of
loyal Spanish militiamen who the
Portuguese said were attempting
to cross the border, it was an-
nounced early today.
The incident occurred near
Campo Maor, Portugal, a town
northwest of Bandajoz, Spain, it
was stated.
The announcement followed
on the Portuguese government's
dispatch of instructions to its
Madrid d'affaires to protest to
the Spanish government against
an alleged violation of Portu-
guese territory by loyal Spanish
troops Thursday in the same re-
gion.
LONDON, Aug. 14.-VP)-Red mobsI
control Madrid and the Spanish for-
eign office admitted it could not guar-
antee safety of foreign representa-
tives who were preparing to quit the
capital, it was said tonight by highly
reliable diplomatic quarters.
One of the diplomats still in Ma-
drid cabled his foreign office, it was
stated, and advised that a final meet-
ing would be held tomorrow morning
to dissolve the diplomatic corps and
make plans to quit the country.
MADRID, Aug. 14.-(P)-Spain's
socialist government, backed by
peasantry and labor, tonight marched
against Oviedo in bitter battle against
a fascist army.
Government troops were reported
within the city fighting to the death
in the streets. Loyalist aircraft and
artillery laid down a protecting bar-
rage.
The socialist militia was deter-
mined to rout the fascist force in
that extreme northwest corner of
Spain and beat a path through the
mountainous mining center to the
Portuguese border.
War In 28th Day
Elsewhererthere was little to mark
important advances by either side in
the 28th day of civil war-a war of
peasant and labor volunteers aiding
the socialist regime in bloody en-
deavor to crush a fascist drive for
military dictatorship and a huge
Spanish army.
Loyalist troops advanced three
miles on the Somo-Sierra front in the
Guadarrama mountains, with cap-
ture of the village of Paredes.
(From Washington came reports
the State Department was attempt-
ing to effect rescue of an American
reported among 38 members of the
staff of a British mining company
held as hostages by loyalists in the
Huelva mines near that city).
Abandon Drives
In line with new tactics, loyal
forces abandoned intensive drives in
the mountain passes outside Madrid
and concentrated attack against in-
surgents in the northern Bay of
Biscay region and in the southwest
near the Portuguese border.
(A Lisbon correspondent reported
1,000 government militiamen died in
a mass execution by rebels at Almen-
dralego and that the loyalist city of
Badajoz was in flames).
San Sebastian and Irun held fas-
cist hostages, threatening death if a
rebel cruiser in the Bay of Biscay
fired on the two cities, already sub-
jected to aerial bomnardment.
Capture of Pozo Blanco near Cor-
doba in the South and 200 rebels
prisoners was reported here. Anti-
aircraft brought down a plane at-
tempting to drop food to isolated
rebel strongholds near Andalusia.
The strong northern headquarters
of rebels at Zaragoza were shelled by
loyalist artillery moving westward
from Barcelona.
CRIME RATE DROPS

WASHINGTON, Aug. 14.--()-Re-
nnin -i a n rna la r flan- a

-Associated Press Photo.
ADOLPH KIEFER
Rising Wind Is
Latest Danger
To IsleRoyale
Whole Of Scenic Island Is
Threatened After Rains
Helped Dampen Blaze
ST. PAUL, Aug. 14.- )-A wind-
fanned blaze threatening the whole of
Isle Royale, Mich., and another near
a settled region at McGrath, Minn.,
tonight clouded northwoods forest
fire conditions which generally were
favorable after widespread rains.
Showers that eased tension over
the greater part of the flame-seared
area, bringing control of most major
blazes, failed to visit the new fire
zones, most critical of which was the
scenic isle.
The Isle Royale situation was
termed "most serious" by Lieut.-Com-
~mander A. . Robideau, who arrived
at Duluth today. Unless the wind
shifts and rain falls, he said, the fire
there may spread over the entire isle.
Approximately 20 miles have been
blackened on the Michigan-owned
island 18 miles off Grand Marais,
Minn., in Lake Superior. Serious
fires have raged there for the past
three weeks.'
New Flames in the McGrath, Minn.
region west of Mille Lacs were re-
ported to the state forestry depart-
,ment late today by A. E. Pimley, in
charge of fire prevention activities
.for Minnesota, who was at the scene.
Pimley said no "rain to speak of"
had fallen in the area of the revived
blaze.
Elsewhere over the state some 10,-
000 firefighters strengthened control
lines designed to halt the flames com-
pletely. Neither state nor federal
forestry department released men
from the crews, but many were given
much needed rest.
Invading 'Reds'
Take Set-Back
In War Games
Defending Forces Maintain
Positions As Opponents
Suffer Heaviest Losses
ALLEGAN, Aug. 14-(P)-Umpires
in the army's Western Michigan war
maneuvers announced today that the
"Red" forces, composed principally of
mechanized cavalry, had suffered the
heaviest losses in the operations
which started yesterday morning.
The first "box score" of the war
games disclosed that the "Red" losses
Eincluded 87 killed and 57 wounded, in
addition to the destruction of three
armored cars, 15 combat cars, five
airplanes and seven scout cars.
The losses of the defending "Blue'
forces, composed of the Thirty-Sec-
ond and Thirty-Third Divisions of
national guardsmen, included 4
killed and 80 wounded, and one tank
one truck and two airplanes de-
stroyed.
The "Blue" army beat off repeated
attacks by "Red" aircraft, artiller3
and mechanized cavalry today.
Umpires assessed casualties agains
the "Blues" but they held thei
ground during the day's action.
"Red" forces, reinforced by th
recently attached twelfth brigade o:
regulars, tried valiantly to crack the
center of the "Blue" line all day. O
several occasions, the enemy force
penetrated as far west as the Allegai
city dam, six miles northwest of thi

q nihv hilt tha natinnnl ffltarrlcmnrn nnm_

U.S. Clinches
Team Title In
Olympic Swim
Kiefer Breaks Backstroke
Record For Americans'
Third Victory
Assured Of Crown
In Platform Diving
Medica Points For Second
Olympic Title Today In
1,500-MeterFree Style
BERLIN, Aug. 14. - (P) - With
water above, below and all around
them, America's swimmers virtually
wrapped up the men's Olympic team
crown today by winning their third
championship and taking an ironclad
option on a fourth.
Barring some unexpected develop-
ment it seemed unlikely that Japan,
their closest rival, could overtake
them in the three remaining events
to be decided tomorrow --200-meter
breast stroke, 1,500-meter style and
the 10-meter platform dive.
Pouring rain which left spectators
half-drowned and pelted in his face
failed to disturb Adolph Kiefer of
Chicago as he swept to a record-
smashing victory in the 100-meter
backstroke over his teammate, Al
Vande Weghe of Paterson, N.J., and
Masaji Kiyokawa of Japan.
Marshall Wayne of Miami practi-
cally clinched the platform diving
title when he led at the halfway
stage with his favorite optional dives
coming up tomorrow. The tall,
blond-haired Floridan's only rival is
the German, Erhardt Weiss, who was
in second place, 56/100ths of a point
behind.
The only laurels that escaped the
grasping hands from across the At-
lantic went to Holland for a record-
cracking triumph in the women's 400
meter relay free style championship.
Even with Katherine Rawls of Miami
drafted at the last minute and lead-
ing off the American girls could do
no better than third behind Germany.
This exciting victory, in which the
inevitable Rita Mastenbroek again
played the leading role as she caught
and passed Gisela Arendt of Ger-
many 20 meters before the finish,
gave the Dutch their third gold medal
of the competition against two gained
by the United States due to the tal-
(Continued on Pae 3
Landon Arranges
Conference Series
ESTES PARK, Colo., Aug. 14.-(P)
-A series of traveling conferences
with state and county Republican
leaders was arranged by Gov. Alf M.
Landon today as he chartered his
Eastern Presidential campaign tour.
The nominee checked over more
than 30 rear platform appearances
en route east, and discussed tentative
proposals for stops on his return to
Topeka, Kans.
into New York.
NO LIBRARY EXPERTS
JACKSON, Aug. 14.-(P)-The civil
service commission had given up hope
Friday that a college graduate with
an additional year of library school
training would volunteer for a $50 a
month job. With no applications
received within the filing period, the
commission planned to communicate
with library schools.

FatherCon ghlin Is
Welsher; Calls Of f
His $25,000 Wager
CLEVELAND, Aug. 14.-(P)-The
Rev. Charles E. Coughlin said to-
night his election bet with Frederick
Jenckes of Providence, R. I. was off.
The Royal Oak priest, here for the
convention of his National Union
for Social Justice, told newsmen that
he had been advised by Chester Car-
penter, former Rhode Island super-
visor for the National Union that "it
is illegal in Rhode Island for any,
person to make a wager of any na-
ture on the"outcome of an election."
"I certainly would not want to go
to jail this year, particularly," Father
Coughlin said jokingly as he said he
had authorized his secretary to ad-
vise Jenckes of his decision.
In a recent speech in Rhode Island,
Father Coughlin offered to wager
$25,000, giving odds of 3 to 2, that
Rep. William Lemke, Union Party
presidential candidate, would carry
the state. Jenckes promptly notified
the priest hecwas prepared to post
$16,666.66 to cover the bet.
"I presume I may have to compen-
sate him for any loss," Father Cough-
lin said. "I don't know."
Jenckes had given Father Cough-
lin until Aug. 18 to post his $25,000,
which the priest explained was
pledged by 25,000 persons who heard
him make the proposal.
Hewitt Heiress
Takes Stand In
Conspiracy Suit
Ann Cooper Hewitt Claims
Physicians Tricked Her
In SterilityOperation

Coughlin And
Union Split On
Aid To Lemke
Against The Endorsement
Of Any Candidate At
National Convention
Radio Priest Gives
Platform On Money
Sen. Holt Is Cheered When
He Attacks The Federal
Reserve System
CLEVELAND, Aug. 14.--(P)-Oppo-
sition to endorsement of any presi-
dential candidate sprang out of the
first day's sessions of the National
Union for Social Justice convention
today, and the Rev. Charles E. Cough-
lin made a specialappearanceoutlin-
ing his money views "once and for
all."
A delegation from the 25th New
York congressional district presented
a resolution against presidential en-
dorsements, crystallizing opposition
to possible endorsement of Rep. Wil-
liam Lemke of North Dakota. the
Union party'sfcandidatefortpresi-
dent. It did not actually name him,
however.
Will Not Influence Action
Father Coughlin, who has an-
nounced his personal support of
Lemke, said he expected introduction
of another resolution seeking to have
the national Union endorse Lemke.
The radio priest emphasized that he
would not seek to influence the con-
vention's action, which may come
tomorrow.
As a climax to a day of noisy dem-
onstrations and tumultuous cheering,
Father Coughlin made an unsched-
uled appearance late in the day and
announced "I wish to give our feel-
ings on the money issue once and for
all.
"First," he said, "I do not advocate
the nationalization of banks and nev-
er did.
"Secondly, I do not believe in in-
flation. I do not believe in printing
press money. I have never advocated
inflation or printing press money.
Blasts Gold Standard
"Thirdly, I do not believe in the
gold standard any more than I believe
in a pig standard.
"Fourthly I do not believe in licens-
ing private individuals to create mon-
ey.
Fifthly, I do not believe in the prac-
tice of usury. Today, you cannot be
a Christian and believe in the practice
of usury.
"Sixthly, I cannot subscribe to the
present existence, with its present set-
up, of the Federal Reserve Banks be-
cause they are usurious."
Trial Of Five Black
Legion Members Set
DETROIT, Aug. 14.-()-The trial
of five Black Legion members on
charges of shooting to death a Negre
war veteran "for excitement" was set
today for Sept. 29, making it probable
that it will be the second trial of the
hooded night riders.
In setting the date, Judge John J.
Maher of Recorders Court indicated
he would change the time if it con-
flicted with the circuit court trial of
13 men on charges of killing Charle
A. Poole, whose death lead to the ex-
pose of the Black Legion. The dat
for the Poole case trial has not beer
set.

Special Supplement Of
Daily Added For Frosh
Today's regular issue of The
Daily carries with it a special sup-
plement of 16 pages which will
h.e mailed to all of next Fall's in-
coming freshmen whose applica-
tions have already been accepted.
This is the second year in which
The Summer Daily has issued this
special edition. Many of the fea-
ture stories in it were written by
staff members of the regular year's
publication.
Dr. Sunderland
Funeral Rit e s
To BeSunday
Burial Will Be At Forest
Hill Cemetery; Announce
Pallbearers

SAN FRANCISCO, Aug. 14.-(IP)-
Petite Ann Cooper Hewitt, taking
the witness stand in a surprise move;
against two physicians accused of
mayhem conspiracy, testified today'
she was tricked into submitting to the
operation by which she was sterilized.
The 22-year-old heiress suffered
three paroxysms' of coughing, how-
ever, and the sensational case was re-
cessed for the week-end in the midst
of a defense attempt to show she was
being "used" in a plot against the
large estate of her late father, Peter
Cooper Hewitt.
"It's just a coughing spell; I'll be
all right in a minute," the little heir-
ess said repeatedly.
Attorneys explained she was just
recovering from whooping cough.
Dr. Samuel G. Boyd, one of the ac-
cused doctors, became suddenly indis-
posed at the same time Miss Hewitt
was affected.
Miss Hewitt testified Dr. Boyd and
his co-defendant, Dr. Tilton E. Till-
man, examined her but did not take
her pulse count or temperature, did
not touch her and prescribed no med-
icine.
Nevertheless, she said, a nurse ex-
amined her and she was taken to a
hospital, ostensibly for an appendec-
tomy.
The operation was performed in
August, 1934, while Miss Hewitt still
was a minor. After reaching her ma-
jority she filed a $500,000 suit against
her mother, Mrs. Baryon Cooper Hew-
itt, the two physicians and a woman
psychiatrist. She charged her mother
engineered a plot to gain control of
her inheritance, estimated as high as
$10,000,000.
A police investigation after the fil-
(Continued on Page 31

1 __ i

I Hate War,

Says

President In Talk
Urging Neutrality

Funeral services for 94-year-old Dr.
Jabez Thomas Sunderland, father of
Prof. Edson R. Sunderland of the Law
School, will be held at 3 p.m. Sunday
in the Ann Arbor Unitarian Church.
The burial will be in Forest Hill Cem-
etery.
Dr. Lee S. McCollester, dean of
Tufts College in Boston, where Dr.
Sunderland received his degree of
Doctor of Divinity in 1914, will of-
ficiate, and he will be assisted by the
Rev. Harold P. Marley, pastor of the
local church.
Pallbearers will be Prof. John F.
Shepard of the psychology depart-
ment, Prof. Alfred H. White of the
chemical engineering department, Dr.
Conrad Georg, Almus A. Hale, and
Prof. Albert Green and Prof. Harry
Cole, both retired faculty members.
Professor Sunderland has not yet
completed the classes he is teaching
at the University of Southern Cali-
fornia and will be unable to return
for the funeral, his sister, Mrs. Ger-
trude Safford of Detroit, said last
night.
Sixteen Jailed
For Trotzky's
Alletoed Revolt
Soviets Claim Former War
Minister Is Conspiring
For Russian Rebellion
MOSCOW, Aug. 14.-(P)-The So-
viet government tonight charged its
onetime war minister and revolution-
ary zealot, Leon Trotzky, sought to
foster a rebellion from his Norway ex-
ile and it jailed 16 of his asserted
colleagues.
Direct responsibility forethe assas-
sination of Sergei Mironovich Kiroff,
colleague of Dictator Joseph Stalin
was attributed to Trotzky, Leon Kam-
eneff and Gregory Zinovieff. Kiroff
was slain in 1934.
The three, most powerful enemies
of dictator Stalin in his fight for
power after the death of Nikolai Len-
in, were charged with planning a
campaign of terror and attacks upon
leaders of the Soviet regime.
The government asserted that un
der "the direct direction of Trotzky
and the leadership of the so-called
United Centers, the Trotzky-Zinov
ieff gang, prepared a number of ter
roristic actions against communis
leaders."
"Trotzky sent five agents from
abroad into the Union of Soviet So
cialist Republics," the governmen
charges. The communique did no
i name leaders against whom the new
s plot allegedly was directed.
Y Both Kameneff and Zinovieff no
e are serving ten year prison sentence
s for counter revolutionary activitie
Bitter opponents of Stalin in part
f councils, Zinovieff and Kamenef
1 joined with him to direct the natio
r after the death of Lenin in 1924.
t Working first against Trotzky, wh
struggled from poverty in New Yor
t to great power in the Soviet State
n Stalin drove him into exile. Then h
succeeded in ousting Zinovieff an

Says Country Must Choose
Peace Before Profits In
Chautauqua, N. Y.
Claims Our Closest
Neighbors Are Good
Not Isolationists Except
Insofar As We Seek To
Isolate War Participation
CHAUTAUQUA, N. Y., Aug. 14.-
-(P)-Expressing "deep concern"
about tendencies abroad, President
Roosevelt tonight spoke out for world
peace but at the same time warned
that this country could and would
defend itself and "defend our neigh-
borhood."
"I hate war," said the President in
close clipped phrase in a foreign af-
fairs speech urging a building of
public opinion for neutrality "if war
should break out again in another
continent." Some, he said, would seek
to evade neutrality to gain riches.
"If we face the choice of profits
or peace," he said, "the nation will
answer-must answer--We choose
peace'.",
Expresses Concern
The chief executive spoke from the
raised platform of a wooden ampi-
theatre sunk into a tree-studded hill-
side near the shores of Lake Chau-
tauqua.
After describing at length the
friendly relations of theF nations of
North and South America, Mr. Roose-
velt expressed apprehension over con-
ditions abroad. He spoke particularly
of the "bitter experience" of witness-
ing the violation of both the spirit
and letter of international agree-
ments "without regard to the simple
principles of honor."
"Our closest neighbors are good
neighbors,"the President said. "If
there are remoter nations that wish
us not good but ill, they know that
we are strong; they know that we can
and will defend ourself and defend
our neighborhood."
He did not define the term "neigh-
borhood," nor did he expand upon
what might be implied in his asser-
tion that it would be defended.
Mr. Roosevelt said he had seen war
on land andsea.
Waxes Eloquent
"I have seen blood running from
the wounded," he said. "I have seen
men coughing out their gassed lungs.
I have seen the dead in the mud. I
have seen cities destroyed.
"I have seen two hundred limping,
'exhausted men come out of line-
the survivors of a regiment of one
thousand that went forward 48 hours
before. I have seen children starv-
ing. I have seen the agonies of
mothers and wives.
"I hate war!"
The President said "it is our hope
I that knowledge of the practical ap-
plication of the good neighbor policy
in this hemisphere will be borne home
to our neighbors across the seas.
"For ourselves, we are on good
terms with them-terms in most cases
of straightforward friendship, of
peaceful understanding.
s "But of necessity, we are deeply
r concerned about tendencies of recent
years among many of the nations of
a other continents. It is a bitter ex-
perience to us when the spirit of
agreements to which we are a party
- is not lived up to."
Repeats 'Hands Off'
Mr. Roosevelt repeated a "hands
- off" policy for other countries and
- urged America, if it ever faces a
t choice, to select peace instead of war
profits.
n Not once did the President mention
- directly the civil war in Spain.
t At one point, however, he re-
t marked:
w "We are not isolationists except
insofar as we seek to isolate our-

w selves completely from war. Yet we
s must remember that so long as war
s exists on earth there will be some
y danger that even the nation which
f most ardently desires peace may be
n drawn into war."
After voicing concern over trends
o abroad, the President asserted later:
k "If we face the choice of profits or
e, peace, the nation will answer-must
e answer-'we choose peace.' It is the
d duty of all of us to encourage such a

U. Of M. European Study Tour Member
Writes Diary Of Group 's Experiences

EDITOR'S NOTE: Following is a let-
ter written to the editor for publication
by Randolph w. webster, supervisor of
Intramural sports here, recounting the
experiences of the University of Mich-
igan European Study Tour during their
session. There are 35 students in the
party and each will receive six hours of
graduate credit for the trip.
July 28, 1936
To the Editor:
"I have just about time to give you
a few impressions and highlights of
our European Study Tour trip, direct-
ed by Prof. Elmer D. Mitchell of the
physical education department, be-
fore going to the Spolecensky Club
(Prague's most distinguished club) to
a social tea dance. This is a reception
given by the city of Prague for Amer-
ican students. In order to give you
a nanoramic view quickly I am going

the strikes now are made by the sit-
inners rather than the stay-outers.
For instance, if the employes of a cer-
tain restaurant wanted to strike,
enough of them would go into the
restaurant and sit down at the tables
and just sit there and prevent others
from buying food in that way.
"July 7: Overnight stop at Cologne,
to see the famous Dom Weftfeite Ca-
thedral. Used feather bed for cover-
ing at night for first time. This is a
European custom. They are quite
warm and comfortable, but too short.
When one tucks the feather blanket
under the chin, one also pulls it off
of the feet so one has to curl up.
"July 8: Trip up the Rhine to Mainz.
The highlight of the trip. Saw many
nld historic castles and gorgeous

at the castle "Elector of the Pfate."
"July 10-12: Arrived in Munich
Visited the Hofbrauhaus, saw 3,000
people in one building drinking beer
smoking, eating sausages, pretzels
and discussing all the political and
economic problems of the world. This
type of recreation is popular every
place we have been. Visited the
Braunne Haus where Herr Hitler',
National Socialist Party has its head-
quarters; sat in one of the chairs o
the council room. Herr Hitler stil
comes there for meetings three o
four times a month. Visited the
Deutsches Museum, one of the larges
in the world. Sat in the Sternecher
bran Cafe where Hitler and eigh
other men formed the Nazi party it
1919.

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