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August 05, 1936 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1936-08-05

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TWO

TUE MICHMIAN IZAiLY

'1' DNE.SDA-Y, A!JG. , iMI

. .. ... .. ... ..

THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Offiial Publication of the Summer Session

BOOKS
GONE WITH THE WIND, by Margaret Mitchell.
MacMillan.
(Review Copy Courtesy Wahr's Bookstore)
C ONE WITH THE WIND takes for granted the

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Published every morning except Monday during the
University year and Summer Session by the Board in
'Control-:of Student Publications.
Member of the Western Conference Editorial Associa-
tion and the Big Ten News Service.
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The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
not otherwise credited in this paper and the local news
published herein. All rights ofarepublication of special
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EDITORIAL STAFF
Telephone 4925
MANAGING EDITOR..............THOMAS E. GROEHN
ASSOCIATE EDITOR ..............THOMAS H. KLEENE
Editorial Director...............Marshall D. Shulman
Dramatic Critic ........................ John W. Pritchard
Assistant Editors: Clinton B. Conger, Ralph W. Hurd,
Joseph S. Mattes, Elsie A. Pierce, Tuure Tenander, Jewel
W. Wuerfel.
teporters: Eleanor Barc, Donal Burns, Mary Delnay, M. E.
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mistake, of abolition and the outrages of
Reconstruction. Its author never stoops to argue;
she never weakens her attitude by debate. In her
pages the Yankee soldiers known in the North as
the venerale veterans of Memorial Day, pillage,
ravage, and murder like any conquering army.
The desolation left in the wake of Sherman's
march to the sea is set forth without mercy. The
pride and joy of master and slave alike on the
Hlantations before abolition turned the southern
economy topsy-turvy is depicted with a loving
hand. The author's absorption in this side of
t1 e story, her convincing repletion of detail, and
the lack of contentiousness will challenge con-
victions to which some northerners have been
reared in regard to the Civil War.
Although this is an historical novel, its back-
ground was not atrtificially acquired. It is fraught
with the inatural touches of colloquial idiom and
attitudes which do not have to be struck because
they are inherent. Miss Mitchell took seven
years in ;iting these one thousand and some
pages, but it took her lifetime to reach such an
understanding of the South as it was and is. She'
.s imbued with the chivalry and the hospitality
which we still place below the Mason and Dixon
Line and with the homely facts of southern cook-
ing and cotton-raising. Atlanta is her home
and she celives the wrath of Georgians over the
Civil War.
So at home is Miss Mitchell in her historical
setting that her characters are not the costumed
puppets of a past era; they live and act upon
the undying motives of love and hate, greed and
generosity. In the panorama of plantation life,
in the thunder of battle, and in the indignities of
reallywag rule we never lose sight of the indivi-
dual. Scarlet O'Hara, whose inheritance from her
southern mother and Irish father contribute the
turbulence of her life, is painstakingly developed.
Before our eyes, she grows from the vain and
frivolous belle of the ante-bellum South into the
hirdened and couageous but still vain woman who
has held up her fortunes and family when others
have succumbed. Mammy with her class con-
sciousness and loyalty in the face of freedom is
what we have always wanted to believe about
roammies. The contrast of the unmincing Scar-
lect with the gentle Melanie is at times obvious.
The southern gentleman personified by Ashley
and certain others are drawn to fit the dimensions
of the canvas. Rhett, the blockade-runner whose
motives may be held suspect, at once callow and
sensitive, cruel and devoted, is characterized with
tome of the subtlety which others lack. The
hearty realism which marks Scarlett and Rhett
balances the undeniable sentimentality and pathos
in the book. The obvious solutions such as would
have been afforded by Melanie's death at the in-
vasion of Atlanta most authors would not have
been able to resist. Miss Mitchell has shown great
restraint in this, and her "finis," when it finally
Brookings Rou
-Not Scarcity, But More Goods.
Clifford B. Reeves, New York Bus

TH E FORUM
Letters published in this column should not be
construed as expressing the editorial opinion of The
Daily. Anonymous contributions will be disregarded.
The names of communicants will, however, be regarded
as confidential upon request. Contributors are asked
to be brief, the editors reserving the right to condense
all letters of more than 300 words and to accept or
reject letters upon the criteria of general editorial
importance and interest to the campus.
Free Enterprise
To the Editor:
Col. Knox demands "free enterprise." What is
the meaning of "free enterprise"? Free enterprise
means do just as you please as long as you come
out on top. Disregard everything and everybody
--consult your own interests only. No matter about
the consequences. When "free enterprise" has
leached the sky with most disastrous consequences
some planning or restriction becomes necessary
it: order to save the nation. The maxim of lais-
sez-faire has no humane basis.
Col. Knox also demands the "American way" in
government. What is the American way? The
American way is "life, liberty and the pursuit of
happiness" for all-not for the few only. The
American way also means equal opportunity for
,hl-it does not mean handing the government
over to the "men who own*America."
What do. s Col. Knox understand by the "Amer-
ican way"'-exploiting the American people or
treating them with some show of decency?-No
one follows the true American way better than
President Roosevelt.
-Truth.
comes, is as inevitable and uncompromising as life.
The slow thickening of the plot and infinite care
taken in setting the scenes suggest the natural gift
of a Dickens or a Thackeray.
The language is not brilliant; it is not rich
Brilliance and richness would wear thin in the
course of the long chapters. There is no con-
scious seeking for effect, no tricks, no artificia
climaxes. The writing is careful and precise
neither sensuous nor constrained. It is prosy pros
well adapted to its content-a serviceable medium
for whatever Miss Mitchell will wish to turn her
pen. It is essentially necessary to read this book
for its intrinsic qualities rather than for its sig-
nificance in any modern literary clique or psy-
chological preconception. The leisured finesse of
living which it is the object of this novel to con-
"ey could scarcely be conveyed by an economy
of description or a speed in narration. It is th
give and uAke of conversation which gives motior
to the events. The affectionate glance of th
author may at times linger so long over a scen
as to delay its consequences. The final rush o
events may be suddenly precipitated. If this is a

Thank You
To the Editor:
I would like to counter-act "R. B. 's"
reactionary letter to this column by
saying that in my opinion, your po-
litical editorials are among the best I
have ever read-either in college or
other newspapers. They are much
better than the puerile editorials of
the Detroit "Free" Press. I doubt if
"R. B." knows that the Michigan
Daily has been placed among the very
best of college journals? For me at
least, it is delightfully refreshing to
see your college idealism blaze forth
' with an invigorating liberalism so
conspicuous for its absence in the
kept press which has its reactionary,
anti-New Deal advertisers to please.
Incidentally, I might say here, that
while several papers I saw carried
the story of the six well known gov-
ernors who attacked Governor Lan-
don's speech of acceptance, I was not
able to find it anywhere in the De-
troit "Free" Press, although they lat-
ter carried an editorial poo-pooing it.
Nearly all the metropolitan news-
papers are anti-New Deal. That's all
right, but they have forgotten the
rule of reason and stoop to coloring
their news items, running articles ofj
an editorial nature as news, scaring
their readers by predicting drastic
happenings in the event that the New
Deal is returned, and getting unnec-
essarily alarmed and foolishly sen-
timental over the constitution and its
future. On the contrary, I have viewed
with pleasure the reasonable, sen-
sible, logical, restrained editorials in
1 one of the finest college newspapersE
in the country-The Michigan Daily.
You have apparently come to the con-1
clusion that of the political parties ar
sane man can intelligently vote, for
-Democratic, Socialist, and Republi-
can, your choice is the Democratic.1
I admire your conclusion ,and the way-
l you reached it. Lets haie more dis-
passionate, liberal, honest and frank
e editorials that have helped give the
Daily its fine position among the col-
r lege newspapers of the country!
-R.E.L.
- P.S. I would like to join Mr. Joseph
- Gies in congratulating the Daily and
f Mr. Neal for the truly splendid and
accurate essay on the presidential
campaign and candidates. More of
y this too.
e Col. Quinton Will Speak
e To Ordinance Group
f.
Lieut.-Col. A. B. Quinton, Jr., will
address the staff and attending of-

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Mouth Open,
Eyes .. .0

6a

T HE PRESENT ATTITUDE of youth,
is that morals are less vital than
a knowledge of short hand or the ability to tap
dance, declared Bishop Bernard Shiel of Chicago,
leader of the Catholic Youth Organization in the
Midwest, to a conference in Seattle this week.
"Young-people have special problems which our
generation has heaped upon them," the Bishop
told the assembly. "They are children of muddled
parents, the inheritors of a crazy-quilt civilization.
They hear purity ridiculed and decency decried.
Added to that, youth is wooed by Communists with
the most astounding skill.
"We must reshape our scale of values, even,
perhaps our whole scale of vocational education.
It seems we must meet the problems of youth's
aversion to labor and reteach the theory of the
dignity of toil and the practice of technical crafts.
The white collar craving is an unhealthy product
of an artificial generation."
What the Bishop fails to acknowledge. is that
the system of muddled values which we inherit
is a produce of largely one thing-an economic
system allowed by us to evolve from the simpler
days of Adam Smith, which takes no cognizance
of social or spiritual values.
The church abets us if we divorce our private
ethics from our economic ethics. We honor a
man who hs given millions to charity, overlooking
the fact that he acquired those millions at a
terrific and horribly callous human cost, and we
worship God in a swanky church built by him.
There's nothing surprising about a churchman
wondering over what's happened to youth. With
a single infamous exception, the church has con-
sistently refused to recognize the hopeless inade-
quacy of free private enterprise has made a con-
sistent set of spiritual values in our lives impos-
sible. It nas opposed programs for economic re-
form. It rejects all proposals of production for
use instead of for profit because the Communists
smothered the church in Russia. This is not
meant to be a brief for Communism, but an in-
junction that the church or any other institution,
when it seeks to influence its followers in eco-
nomic matters, take the trouble to examine and
discuss principles of a program of reform before
rejecting it
The Bishop must have written " . .. we must
reteach the theory of the dignity of toil and the
practice of technical crafts . . ." with his eyes
shut. What does the dignity of toil mean to
our generation? It means crowds of dirty, over-
worked, ignorant, oppressed, regimented, soul-less
workers pouring out of the gates at Ford factory
at five o'clock. "We must reshape our values . ..
Values, indeed! Whose values, those of the work-
ers? If you teach them what God means, Bishop,
they'll have a better understanding if they can
earn their living without selling themselves at
pitifully low wages in between seasonal and cycli-
cal layoffs.
Co-operative boarding houses for men and
women will be opened at the University of Texas
next September which will provide room and board
at approximately $15 a month. In commenting on
the plan, the dean in charge said, "This is no
charity arrangement but a business proposition of
14 students pooling their assets and labor to cut
down the cost of living."
Art Jarrett, sailing for Europe to join his wife,
Eleanor Hlm Jarrett, dropped from the Olympic
swimming team for drinking champagne:
"I was going over for the Olympic games any-

auiL, it appnles also L o-antayana as a novelist, ficers of the Ordnance Reserve Oil-
who said of The Last Puritan that he grew so fond cers Training Camp on the subject
of his characters that he could not leave them. "Planning for Manufacture of Muni-
tions in Wartime" in a closed meet-
The optimist says his glass is half full; the pes- ing at the East Engineering Building
simist says his is half empty.-St. Louis Post-Dis- today.
patch. The country is divided into districts
for purposes of civilian mobilization.
The address will analyze methods of
training technical men, who, in time
T R eC Vfoear,riyllhave to plan and provide
te it for munitions.

also
MICKEY MOUSE
PAUL TOMPKINS
LATEST NEWS
Matinees ,iii Nights
25c I I125c - 35c

At Lower Prices Is The Answer-
siness Man, in t he Atlantic Monthly.

N CONT3AST to the almost universal loss of
reputations elsewhere in the field of economics
has been the increasing respect accorded to the
Brookings Institution, whose name is heard more
and more frequently in connection with economicI
questions. Perhaps the reason is that it meets the
requirements of scientific approach, organization
and fact-finding facilities which have been so fre-
quently lacking in the field of economic research
to date.
The Brookings Institution owes its exist-
ence to a public-spirited citizen, Robert Brook-
ings, who amassed a fortune in private business
and retired to devote himself to public service.
In 1932, the Brookings Institution undertook
what is unquestionably the most complete study
of broad economic fundamentals ever conducted.
The project was financed by the Falk Foundation
of Pittsburgh, and required the collaboration of
Brookings economists over a period of three
years. The purpose of the study was to ascertain,
if possible, the reason why our entire economic
machine does not function more efficiently year in
and year out. The results were published in four
parts.
This study succeeded in isolating what the insti-
tution believes to be the fundamental reason why
the material progress of the nation has been dis-
appointingly slow. According to its findings, the
reason is that industry has failed to pass on to
consumers enough of the benefits resulting from
technological advances, particularly in the pasti
15 years. The answer, says Brookings, lies in
more goods at lower prices.
This recommendation is directly opposed to
much of the economic philosophy now current, and
is a direct challengo to price-fixing schemes
and stabilization devices.
Under a capitalistic system, the savings made
possible by improved technology are supposed to
be passed along automatically to the public in the
form of lower prices. But in recent years, ob-
structions to a free competitive system have been
built up in the form of price-fixing devices which
have prevented consumers from receiving the ben-
efits of lower prices that a free competitive system'
would have assured them. This conclusion, simple'
though it may sound, was arrived at only after the
most searcling inquiry ever made into economic
fundamentals.
In the course of its studies, Brookings has ex-
ploded the widely held theory that vastly improved'
technology in recent years has made possible a tre-
mendous potential ovei-production of goods, and
that our salvation from this glut lies in a reduc-
-:..__4 t"- -1-."o1 iniv o ~r~i

panded, for that is the only method by which the
total income of the country can be increased to an
amount suffcient to make possible an improved
standard of living.
The best solution, in the opinion of the Brook-
ings Institution, lies in a reduction of prices
without any decrease in money wages. This meth-
cd results in an automatic increase in the pur-
chasing power of every consumer. It tends to
increase the volume of production, which is the
only way the standard of living can be substan-
tially improved.
Under such a policy, if the efficiency of pro-
duction continued to increase over a period of
years the country could look forward not only to
complete utilization of existing productive facil-
ities, but also to the enlargement of such facilities,
with more goods for each individual to enjoy. In
its studies to date Brookings has not discussed any
methods of insuring price reductions, but expects
to examine that subject in future studies.
The gist of the Brookings . conclusions is, "more
oods at lower prices through elimination of price
control." This calls for the free competitive sys-
tem undeg which American business is theoret-
ically supposed to operate. The trouble has been
that it doe3 not operate that way in practice.
An examination of the economic theories recently
or at present in greatest vogue shows that most
cf them are diametrically opposed to the Brook-
ings recommendation.
The NRA, which, until it was declared uncon-
stitutional, comprised the administration's chief
recovery effort, was directly opposed to the Brook-
ings finding. Under the Blue Eagle, fixed mini-
mum prices were established, which resulted in
a rigid and artificial price structure. The higher
prices tendad definitely to curtail production. Like-
wise the AAA, the administration's second great
recovery effort, violated virtually every recommen-
dation of the Brookings studies.
Moreover, the President has made it plain that
he does not believe lower prices increase either
uurchasing power or consumption.. In his speech
at the Jefferson day dinner of the National Dem-
ocratic Club in New York on April 25, Mr. Roose-
velt said: "You can cheapen the costs of industrial
production by two methods. One is by the devel-
opment of new mv'hinery and new technique
and by increasing employe efficiency. We do not
discourage that. But do not dodge the fact that
this means fewer men employed and more men
unemployed."
If that were so, there should be fewer men em-

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