Fair with rising temperature
today; tomorrow increasing
cloudiness, followed by rain at
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Labor: An Example
Of Inconsistency .
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLV No. 29
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, AUG. 2, 1936
PRICE 5 CENTS
Of Olympic Games
Der Fuehrer Opens Games
As 105,000 Loyal Nazis
And Foreigners Look On
Lack Of American
Rain Threatens To Impair
Ceremony ; U. S. Team
Is Largest After Germans
BERLIN, Aug. 1.-(IP)-Reichsfueh-
rer Adolf Hitler, attired in a brown
uniform and smiling genially, for-
mally launched the 11th Olympics to-
day amid ceremonies dazzlingly bfil-
liant despite dripping skies marked
by vividly contrasting demonstrations
obviously fraught with political as'
well as sporting significance..
An overflow crowd of 105,000
packed the massive, double-decked
concrete stadium to see the record-
breaking gathering of nearly 4,500
athletes representing fifty nations
TO BROADCAST FINALS
NEW YORK, Aug. 1.-()-
With the 1936 Olympics under 3
way, there will be daily transmis-
sions from overseas by American
networks. The schedule for Sun-
day: 10,000-meter run finals,
WEAF-NBC 11:45 a.m. and
WABC-CBS 11:30; summaries,
WABC-CBS at 4 p.m., WJZ-NBC
at 5 and WEAF-NBC at 6:15.,
take the Olympic oath during an im-
pressive two hour program splashed
with color, rain drops jand mass en-
thusiasm that reached its peak whenI
French and Austrian athletes gave
the Nazi salute. while passing the
chancellor's reviewing box.
The big United States delegation,
surpassed in size only by the Ger-
mans who formed the procession as
rear guard, was accorded a doubtful
reception. Changing plans suddenly
overnight to avoid the appearance
of giving only a modified Nazi salute
under the original intentions to ex-
tend arms with hats in hand, the
Americans reverted to the former
custom of doffing their hats and plac-
ing them over the heart while giving
This change, coupled with tradi-
tional obedience to regulations bar-
ring the American flag from being
dipped, apparently contributed to the
character of the crowd's reception,
which was noisily enthusiastic but not
comparable with the welcome accord-
ed those who seemed entirely willing
to adopt the slogan: "When in Rome
do as the Romans do."
Hitler, who stood throughout the
parade returning national salutes, re-
peatedly acknowledged F r a n c e's
friendly greeting while thunderous
cheers virtually rocked the stadium.
The demonstration was repeated for
the athletes of Austria, where not so
long ago anyone detected giving the
Nazi salute was liable to imprison-
Only four leaders of the Czecho-
slovakian delegation gave the Nazi
salute while the rest of the group
turned their faces toward Hitler.
The highest Olympi.c traditions were
upheld by the spectacle which even
the weather aided after threatening
early gestures. The last big shower
fell just before Chancellor Hitler en-
tered the stadium with high Nazi of-
ficials, Count Henri Baillet-Latour,
president of the International Olym-
pic Committee, and the remainder of
the top-hatted international commit-
The rain held off throughout the
spectacular parade and the formal-
ities which included a speech by Dr.
Theodor Lewald, president of the
German organizing committee, Hit-
ler's proclamation opening the games,
the blond German Olympic middle-
weight weight-lifting champion, Ru-
dolf Ismayr's taking the oath in be-
half of all athletes, and the pictur-
esque lighting of the Olympic fire by
a German runner bearing the torch
ceremoniously"relayed from Olympia,
Even drab skies tried apologetically
to break apart as guns boomed, 30,000
pigeons were released, a chorus of 1,-
500 voices resounded with the thrill-
ing strains of the "Hallelujah Chorus"
All Walks Of Life To
Cross In Sandusky
SANDUSKY, O., Aug. 1.-(W)-The
Rovers, who park their houses where-
ever fancy dictates, started rolling in-
to Sandusky tonight for the annual
summer conclave of the Tin Can
Tourists of the World.
The customary technique of this
organization is to equip a house on
wheels-in the form of a trailer-
hitch it to the family automobile,
and light out for the horizon.
The prevalence of streamlining, hot
and cold water and fancy gadgets in
these caravans belies the humble con-
notation of the organization's name.
Less than ten years ago the Tin
Can Tourists organized in Florida,
and at that time, the roamer's break-
fast, lunch and dinner were not far
removed from the tin can. Since
then the traveling cuisine has im-
Some of the ultra modern land
yachts coming in here are in the up-
per bracket, financially speaking. One
custom built coach, owned by a re-
tired business man who withheld his
name, has three rooms.
With the owner and his wife travel
a maid and a chauffeur. Out on the
road, the latter gets his orders by
telephone from the master's lounge.
"I guess it's the gypsy in me," re-
marked the owner.
The conclave officially opens Mon-
day, for two weeks, with preparations
made for 500 trailers and 1,500 trav-
Lewis Will Give Lecture
Tomorrow; Tracy And
Den HartogTo Speak
Prof. Howard B. Lewis, director of
the College of Pharmacy, will de-
liver the first of this week's Sum-
mer Session lecture series when he
talks on "The Chemist and the
World's Food Supply" at 5 p.m. to-
morrow in Natural Science Audi-
torium. His lecture will be illustrat-
Three people were severely in-
jured late last night when two
cars collided on Washtenaw Ave.
two miles east of Ann Arbor,
near the Toledo Road.
The injured were D. L. Alman,
43 years old, 1202 Sherman St.,
Ypsilanti, assistant track coach
of Michigan State Normal Col-
lege, Morley Alps, 20 years old,
213 S. Manistique, Detroit, a
student there, and Ruth Thomp-
son, of Addison, who was riding
According to officers of the
Michigan State Police, who took
charge, the two cars,'driven by
Allman and Alps, were coming
toward Ann Arbor on M-17, and
had just passed the junction with
-US-23, when Alps passed All-
man's car, cut in too sharply,
and crashed into an earth bank
at the roadside, with Allman's
car crashing into the rear end.
At St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital,
where the two men were taken,
Allman was said to be semi-con-
scious, with severe chest and face
injuries, while Alps had not re-
gained consciousness, and suff-
ered severe internal injuries.
Miss Thompson, taken to Uni-
versity Hospital, suffered frac-
tures of both legs, a broken arm,
and possible fractures of the skull
The condition of all three was
pronounced very critcial.
Ben gals Take
Washing ton In
Detroit Moves Into Third
Place; Simmons Collects
Two Homers ..
DETROIT, Aug 1.-(P)-The Tig-
ers went into third place today, down-
ing Washington 13 to 4 in a slug-
ging spree led by Al Simmons, who hit
two home runs and two singles in
five times at bat.
Ray Hayworth, Detroit catcher who
hasn't hit a home run since 1929, got
one today, scoring two men ahead. of
Simmons drove in five runs. Alto-
gether the Tigers made 18 hits off
Earl Whitehill and Syd Cohen. Five
two-base hits were included in the
Roxie Lawson went the route for
Detroit. He was threatened only in
the ninth when Sabo and Hill singled,
Chapman walked and Joe Kuehl
doubled, three runs scoring.
Jake Wade, recalled by the Tigers
from Montreal, will start on the
mound in the Sunday encounter with
the Senators, with Jim Weaver pitch-
ing for Washington.
The Tigers got away to a three-run
lead in the first inning today and it
never was in danger. Walker, lead-
ing off, singled but was forced by
Burns. Gehringer singled, Burns
moving to second. Goslin popped
out. Simmons cleaned the bases
with a home tun over the left field
wall. Then Owen flied out.
Gehringer started the fifth with a
double and scored on Goslin's single.
Simmons' single sent Goslin to third.
Owen grounded to Lewis, who threw
wild to the plate, Goslin scoring, Sim-
mons reaching third and Owen ad-
vancing to second. Bluege threw out
Rogell. Then Hayworth rapped out
his homer, scoring Simmons and
Owen ahead of him. Bluege threw
out Lawson and Walker.
In the Tiger half of the seventh,
with Cohen and Sabo as the Wash-
(Continued on Page 3
Strong To Talk
"Course Work and Investigation in
the Structure and Function of the
Vocal Apparatus" will be the topic of
the talk to be given by Prof. Leon
H. Strong of the medical school fac-
ulty at the luncheon conference of
the Linguistic Institute at 12:10 p.m.
Tuesday at the Union.
In his speech Professor Strong will
discuss the course he teaches on this
subject during the regular school
year. It is the only anatomy course
of this kind taught here.
' The second luncheon conference of
the week at 12:10 p.m. Thursday al
the Union will feature a round table
discussion of "Phonetic Change."
Talky Here On'
R. A. Fisher, University
Of London Professor, To
Deliver Lecture Series
Called Most Noted
Man In His Subject
First Of Three Lectures To
Be Given On Tuesday In
Room 1025_Angell Hall
R. A. Fisher, Galton Professor of
Eugenics and Director of the Galton
Laboratories in University College,
University of London, since the recent
death of Karl Pearson the most noted
of living statisticians, will give three
lectures here next week under the
auspices of the department of mathe-1
His subjects will be as follows:
Tuesday, August 4: "The Value of'
Design in Experiment"; Wednesday,
August 5: "Recent Progress in Mathe-
matical Statistics," and Friday, Au-
gust 7: "The Study of Inheritance in
Man." All lectures will be given in
Room 1025 Angell Hall and will begin
promptly at 4:10 p.m.
Interested In Mathematics
As a student of astronomy at Cam-
bridge, Fisher became interested in
least squares and probable errors,
and while still a student published
a short paper which first set forth
the idea of "maximum likelihood"
which he much expanded in later
years and made one of the most im-
portant of the many fundamental
contributions to theoretical statistics
which must be credited to him.
In 1919, Sir John Russell, director.
of the Rothamsted Station, the prin-
cipal agricultural station in Great
Britain at which agricultural research
has been in progress for nearly 100
years, persuaded Fisher to tackle the
mathematical problems that arose in
connection with the work of the sta-
Confronted with the inadequacies
of existing statistical theory to deal
with the proper design and inter-
pretation of agricultural experiments,
Fishe began a series of papers whose
importance and utility have come to
be universally recognized, not only in
agricultural science but in many
other departments of investigation.
His "Statstical Methods for Research
Workers" published in 1925 is already
in its fifth edition. His most recent
book is "TheDesign of Experiment,"
published in 1935. Fisher has always
been much interested in genetics and
at present is the editor of the Annals
In 1933 when Karl Pearson re-
signed the chair in the University
of London which he had made the
leading one in theoretical statistics,
Fisher was naturally appointed his
successor. The Galton Biometric
Laboratory of which he became di-
rector is the oldest and best-known
institution for the study of statis-
tics in the world.
MOSCOW, Aug. 1.- (A) - Com-
munist Russia warned tonight "war
is very near."
On the anniversary of the declara-
tion of a state of hostilities between
old Imperial Russia and Germany,
the Soviet press devoted thousands
of words to an outline of world an-
Openly discussed by newspapers
was what was said to be the existence
of a German-Japanese military al-
liance, or progress in that direction,
as a challengeto the Soviet Union
and world peace.
Enemies of peace were described as
Germany, Japan, Italy and Poland.
"War is very near, and prepara-
tions for it never have been so open,
rapid and provoking," asserted Prav-
da, Communist party organ.
"Italy, Germany and Japan have
turned against England, which, in
panic and the most unworthy confu-
sion, confuses the whole foreign pol-
icy of this traditionally cool and con-
servative nation," Pravda added.
Izvestia, government mouthpiece,
Guerilla Attacks Carried
On By Opposing Troops'
Fascists Only 40
Miles From Madrid
Communists Reported To
Have Beheaded Rebels
In Southern Spain
(By the Associated Press)
With Gen. Emilio Mola's rebel arn y
at Robelgordo, Spain, Aug. 1.-Dead
and dying soldiers, victims of initial
skirmishes between Fascist and Left-
ists, tonight paved with blood with
the insurgent roadway to Madrid.
From dawn until dark the advance
posts of the opposing armies, the one
bent on capturing Spain's capital
city, the other on defending it at all
costs, carried on guerrilla attacks.
Sniping, which went on incessantly,
took a heavy toll on both sides among
soldiers more accustomed to open
warfare than to deadly and stealthy
raid and counter-raid.
From their headquarters the Fas-
cists could look southward to the
heights of the Guadarramas which,
splendidly fortified by the govern-
ment, barred their way to the capital
city, 40 miles distant.
Colonel Garcia Escamez, column
commander, added 2,000 monarchist
and irregular troops, as well as army
artillerymen, to his 3,000 men be-
sieging Buitrago, a mile and a quart-
er from here. Many of them arrived
from Pamplona in excursion busses
flying Royalist flags and with rifles
and ammunition boxes carried on
As the depleted legions of the
northern army breathed deeply for
the next thrust southward-thous-
ands of troops have been sent north
to assault San Sebastian, Bilbao and
Irun-Colonel Escamez turned aside
all questions as to when he would
"Manana," he said smilingly in the
Spanish equivalent for "tomorrow."
GIBRALTAR, Aug. 1. -(A) - Re-
fugees arriving here today said com-
munists were cutting off the heads
of fascist rebels in southern Spain
and throwing their bodies into the sea.
Evacuated from Malaga and neigh-
boring communities, the refugees said
that en route here aboard the Brit-
ish destroyer Bulldog they saw many
decapitated bodies floating in the
MADRID, Aug. 1.--UP)-Confisca-
tion of all electric companies through-
out Spain, as well as several indus-
trial firms, was announced late to-
night by the leftist Spanish govern-
The action was disclosed as the
government's militia and its Fascist
opponents feinted in what appears
to foreshadow hand-to-hand struggles
which may turn the tide of the civil
war, now 16 days old.
The industrial organizations taken
over by the administration included
some public utilities. In addition,
two radio broadcasting firms in Ma-
drid were seized.
The measures followed confisca-
tion of Catholic schools and colleges
by the government and seizure of
aristocratic clubs, palaces and news-
paper plants by labor organizations.
The new seizures, the regime of
Premier Jose Giral Pereira declared,
were taken to comply with some
points in the program on which the
popular front administration was
elected in February.
Hunt Boats Lost In
A joint meeting of American Fed-
eration of Teachers and the Michigan
Federation of Teachers, both affiliat-
ed with the American Federation of
Labor, will be held at 8 p.m. Tuesday
in the Natural Science Auditorium.
The meeting will take the form of
discussions by several speakers fol-
lowed by an open forum, Prof. Nor-
man Nelson of the English depart-
ment, president of the Ann Arbor
local of the Michigan Federation of
Teachers, said yesterday.
The speakers on the program will I
include Mrs. Frances Comfort, presi-
dent of the Detroit local; who willK
speak on "The Function of the Loc-
al"; Prof. Robert C. Angell of the so-z
ciology department; Arthur Elder,t
presidentofthe Michigan Federa-t
tion of Teachers, who will talk oni
"The Functions ofhthe MFT"; and
Prof. John Shepard of the psychology
department, who will speak on "Ef-
fects of Economic Changes on the
Status of the Teacher."
Miss Adelaide Adams To'.
Talk On 'Christianity's
Contributions To Art'
Miss Adelaide Adams of the finet
arts department will give an illustrat-
ed lecture on "Christianity's Contri-
butions to Art" at the Wesleyan1
Guild meeting at 6 p.m. today in the
First Methodist Church. All stu-
dents are invited.
At the regular Sunday morning
church service at 10:45 a.m. in the1
Methodist Church the Rev. Charles
W. Brashares will complete his seriesI
of sermons on "What Do You Think1
of the Christian Task?" with an ad-
dress on "Beyond Science."
Other Sunday morning church
services today present varied pro-
grams. The Rev. Allison Ray Heaps1
will talk on "Let Us Pray" at 10:451
a.m. in the Congregational Church.
The Rev. Frederick W. Leach will
deliver the sermon and holy com-
munion at 11 a.m. at St. Andrew's
Episcopal Church. For the regular
student meeting tonight, cars will
leave the church at 5 p.m. for supper
"What Aileth Thee?" is the subject
of the sermon to be given by the Rev.
Henry O. Yoder at 9:15 a.m. at the
Trinity Lutheran Church.
Communion service will be held at
10:45 a.m. at the First Baptist
Church. The Rev. Howard R. Chap-
man will give the sermon. The final
meeting of the summer of the Roger
Williams Students Guild will be held
at 6 p.m. with a brief program and
The Rev. E. C. Stellhorn will talk
on "The Treasure Finders" at the
service at 10:45 a.m. at the Zion
Lutheran Church. At 3 p.m. an out-
ing to Whitmore Lake will be held for
students. Transportation will be
furnished. A charge of 25 cents will
be made for food.
C oughlin Says
Loyalist Troops At Bilbao
Ready To Dynamite City
In Event Of Capture
Oviedo Is Stormed
By Leftist Miners
All Americans Evacuated
To Valencia To Await
PARIS, Aug. 1.-(P)-France to-
night launched an appeal to world
powers not to intervene in Spain's
civil war, coupled with a warning to
any nations backing the rebels.
The government officially an-
nounced its investigation had shown
that "foreign powers" were supplying
the Spanish rebels with war mater-
als, which fact "forced" Frane to
reserve her liberty of judgment in
supplying arms to the Leftist govern-
The statement followed an investi-
gation of the landing of Italian planes
en route to Spanish Morocco in
French North Africa.
MADRID, Aug. 1.-(P)-Fascist
and Loyalist militia feinted today in
imminent hand-to-hand struggles
which may turn the tide of Spain's
Freshened by reinforcements,
pledged anew to their goals, the
armies of Gen. Francisco Franco, the
rebel leader, and the leftist adherents
of the Madrid regime stalked each
other north of the capital city and
at Zaragoza,. northeastern insurrec-
Every man capable of.bearing a gun
was mobilized at Zaragoza to fling
his strength against Loyalist troops
marching on the city from east and
After 15 days of conflict, which
may have cost thousands of lives,
both sides were desperate, bidding for
a turn of fortune which would over-
throw the leftist government or crush
the Fascist drive for military and po-
itical control of the nation.
(Government troops at Bilbao, ref-
ugees arriving in Saint Jean De Luz,
France, said, were prepared to destroy
part of the city with dynamite in the
event of a rebel victory.)
The struggle for control was as bit-
ter by sea as it was by land. Loyal
airplanes swept the decks of the rebel
cruiser Almirante Cervera of Gijon
with gunfire while rebel barracks in
the same town gave blow for blow
with Loyal columns besieging them.
From Barcelona and from a point
east of Zaragoza Loyalist troops con-
verged on the rebels in the northern
theatre of war where the most bit-
ter fighting appeared to be centering.
At Oviedo, also.in the north, thous-
ands of miners carrying the emblem
of the leftist government stormed at
the gates of the rebel-held city.
(The international uneasiness pre-
cipitated yesterday by the arrest of a
number of Italian fliers in French
Morrocco was punctuated today by a
statement from their leader that they
(Continued on Page 4)
By Rep. Lemke
GRAND RAPIDS, Aug. 1.-(P)-
Representative William Lemke offered
a five-fold program tonight with a
promise that he would institute it if
the union party elects him President
Asserting "we're going to win-
don't let anyone tell you we're not,"
Lemke outlined this program to a
crowd of farmers:
1. A "living" annual wage for la-
borers capable and willing to work.
2. Protection of American agricul-
ture, industry and commerce against
products from abroad produced at less
than living wages.
3. Civil service for all persons in
governmental jobs except those in
key positions and concerned with the
French Cabinet Demands
SNon- ntervention; Rebels
Plan Assault Upon Capital
Professor Lewis will discuss the
food problems met and their solu-
tions, or possible solutions, in the
United States during the past 25+
years while the production acreage
has remained static but the popula-
tion has grown. He will include
treatment of changes in food tech-
nology, agriculture, dietary habits
Following his graduation at Yale
University, Professor Lewis taught at
Yale, the University of Pennsylvania
and the' University of Illinois. In
1917 he came to the University, five
years later being appointed head of
the physiological chemistry depart-
ment. He became director of the
pharmacy college in 1933.
Professor Lewis frequently con-
tributes to scientific journals on sub-
jects of nutrition and physiology.
"The Gryoscope, Its Application to
Ocean Liners and Aircraft" will be
the topic of Prof. A. B. DenHart of
Harvard University on Tuesday. He
will demonstrate gyroscopic instru-
ments with models.
Prof. John E. Tracy of the Law
School will lecture on "In re Tich-
borne: A Celebrated Legal Contro-
versy" at 5 p.m. Wednesday. Prof.'
Bruce M. Donaldson, chairman of the
fine arts department, will deliver the
final lecture of the week on "Van
Gogh" at 5 p.m. Thursday.
Noted French Flyer
Dies Of Heart Attack
PARIS, Aug 2.-(Sunday)-(P)-,
Louis Bleriot, 64, the famous French
aviator who first flew the English
channel, died today.
VALPARAISO, Fla., Aug. 1.-(P)-
Coast guard cutters and planes
searched without results today for
two fishing boats missing after yes-
terday's tropical hurricane.
The vessels sought are the 38-foot
Seagull under Capt. Hans Hanson
with a crew of- four and the 38-foot
WORCESTER, Mass., Aug. 1.-(T)
-The Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, ad-
dressing an open-air rally, declared
today that if Herbert Hoover had been
reelected and if Governor Alf Lan-
don should "take up where Hoover
left off, there would be nothing left
for America but bloody revolution."
"If (President) Roosevelt had not
spent money in alleviating the poverty
and misery of the people there would
have been bloodshed in the streets