Lower Michigan: Fair to-
day; slightly warmer today,
i .90 E4 r
4AAt t Air,% m
Virginia And The United
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
VOL. XLV No. 27
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JULY 31, 1936
PRICE 5 CENTS
[ I I
Says Fundamental Issue Is
'Preservation Of Free
Enterprise' In Speech
Calls On People To Choose
True 'American Way,
Return To Self-Support
CHICAGO," July 30. - () - Col.
Frank Knox, accepting tonight the
Republican nomination for vice-pres-
ident of the United States, held up
"the preservation of free enterprise"
as the fundamental issue of the 1936
Formally taking his post as run-
ning-mate to the party's presidential
nominee, Gov. Af M. Landon of Kan-
sas, the publisher of the Chicago
Complete text of Col. Frank M.
Knox's acceptance speech appears
on page 3.
Daily News struck out at what he
called the "hysterical experiments" of
the Roosevelt administration and de-
clared that America once morehad
reached "a point where the blazes
along the trail ran out."
"Two ways lie ahead of us," Col.
Knox told his Chicago stadium au-
dience and radio listeners.
"One lies along the apparently easy
valleys of regmented society, main-
tained by. a paternalistic government
which falsely promises to provide its
subjects with a security that men
were wont to purchase in the past
with their own efforts.
Which To Choose
'"The other lies along the rugged
heights of self-support, self-govern-
ment, and self-respect.
"Which will we choose?
"The answer is in your hands. I
know what it will be. Next Novem-
ber, you will choose the American
That course he identified with the
program offered by his party.
"America is too young, too vigor-
ous, to be deceived by the false prom-
ises of an easy way," he added.
After pledging his loyalty to the
prin~ciples of the Republican Party
and the policies laid down by the
Cleveland convention which nomi-
nated him as ballot colleague for its
Kansas chief, Col. Knox further
promised his personal allegiance to
"that great governor of a prairie
state, the next President of the United
States, the Honorable Alf Landon."
"It is no ordinary campaign which
confronts us," he continued. "It is no
ordinary political choicethat the peo-
ple of the country must make next
"In every election the people must
decide whether they shall say: "Well
done, thou good and faithful ser-
"In this first and ordinary issue
the present administration is found
"It has failed to meet its responsi-
bility for the orderly, economical, and
sound administration of the affairs of
"From the day it took office it em-
barked on a series of hysterical ex-
periments on the economic life of a
The speaker asserted that at a time
when universal cooperation was need-
ed the present administration "in-
itiated a campaign of abuse and villi-
fication of business men" and went on
"At a time when the credit of our
country should, have been strength-
ened it inaugurated a policy of credit
adulteration and currency experiment
that demoralized foreign trade and
frightened domestic finance.
"It set up a system of regimenta-
tion in industry that reduced pro-
tection and prevented reemployment.
"By coercion of Congress it forced
the 'passage of reform measures so
recklessly drawn that they hamstrung
the revival of enterprise and par-
alyzed the renewal of investment.
"It installed a regimentation of
agriculture that destroyed food and
reduced foreign markets and in-
creased the cost of living and multi-
plied the expenses of relief."
As a result of New Deal policies,
the sneaker said. "the inevitable re-
Is 73 Today
-Associated Press Photo.
* * *
Henry Ford Makes
Plans For Future
BIG BAY, Mich., July 30. -(k) -
In the seclusion of a many-roomed
"cottage" in the woods of Huron
Mountain westtof heredon Lake Su-
perior, Henry Ford noted that today
was his 73rd birthday anniversary.
But, because he never has taken
the passing years very seriously, Ford
did as he has done on most of his
previous birthdays-planned for the
future. There were many messages of
congratulation and only a few vis-
itors. The latter mainly from among
the half-hundred other wealthy mem-
bers of the closely guarded Huron
Ford spent a large part of today
supervising and actively participating
in the installation of work benches,
lathes and other equipment in a
building he erected recently as a
workshop for the children of other
members of the Huron Mountain
Mrs. Ford was with her husband
to help him observe the birthday an-
niversary, as sh'ewas' a little more
than 43 years ago when he tested his
first successful "horseless carriage"
on a rain swept Detroit street. She
accompanied him upon the journey
from Detroit on one of the big Ford
ore carriers, arriving here yesterday.
With Mrs. Ford, the motor magnate
planned an indefinite stay here.
The big Ford plants at DearbornI
and River Rouge are. scheduled to
shut down for two weeks commencing
next Monday and if Ford follows his
custom, he will be back in his labora-
tory office at Dearborn when1 the as-
sembly lines resume in mid-August.
Looking at life from the eminence
of 73 years, Ford still believes experi-
ence is its chief objective. "Get ex-
perience," he has said. "That is the
real business of life; it's all we are
Union To Be Scene
Of Friday's Dance
The regular Friday night dance will
be held at the Union this week from
9 p.m. until midnight.
Al Cowan will furnish the music.
Several special numbers have been
Hostesses as announced by Hope
Hartwig are Josephine Allensworth,
Betty Huntington, Betty Riddle, Elva
Pascoe, Ona Thornton, Helen Vidock,
Lillian Sodt, and Mariann Marshall.
The other hostesses are Marian
Haines, Roberta Ferguson, Betty
Bingham, Thelma Cooper, Louise
Roosien, Katherine Ferguson, Dor-
othy Vogel, and Katherine Bock.
His Views On
Believes Public Authorities
Should Protect Unions
In Lawful Activities
Use Of Organizers
Elaborates Stand In Reply
To Request By Thomas
TOPEKA, Kans., July 30.-()-
Gov. Alf M. Landon told a presi-
dential opponent in a letter made
public today that "public authori-
ties" should protect the right of labor
unions "to promote by lawful and
proper means the organization of an
This right of union organization,
he said, "includes the right to send in
Landon added that in "the only
serious labor disturbance" during his
governorship, "my action * * * pro-
tected the workers in the right of
free speech and free assembly."
Written To Thomas
The Republican candidates' views
were written to Norman Thomas, so-
cialist party presidential nominee.
He replied to Thomas' request for
elaboration of Landon's acceptance
speech statement that the freedom
"from interference" pledged organiz-
ing employes by the Republican plat-
form "means, as I read it, entire free-
dom from coercion or intimidation by
the employer, any fellow employe or
any other person."
Thomas had written under date of
July 24, saying that "employers' or-
ganizations like the national manu-1
facturers' Association" had used the
freedom - from - interference phrase
"to mean denial of the right of a
labor union, or labor unions" to pro-
mote organization of an unorganized
"Is this the interpretation to be
given your words?" Thomas asked.
Wants Free Speech, Press
"In my statement which you
quote," Landon replied in his letter
dated July 29, "there is nothing to
suggest that I am in favor of in-
fringing in any way the right of free
speech or free assembly. I am op-
posed to any such infringement.
"The workers have the right to
meet among themselves or with others
of their own choice to promote or-
ganization, with complete freedom
from interference from anyone what-
soever. The workers should be fully
protected in this right by the public
"This necessarily includes the right
of a labor union to promote by lawful
and proper means the organization of
an unorganized industry, which in-
cludes the right to send in an organ-
In New York Thomas, commenting
late today on Landon's letter said "it
would seem Governor Landon has
recognized as legitimate the activi-
ties of the committee on industrial
organization and of the southern ten-
ant farmers association."
The "serious labor disturbance" re-
ferred to by Landon was a lead and
zinc mine and smelting strike in June
and July 1935. It covered sections of
Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma.
"I acceded to a request, jointly
preferred by the sheriff and prose-
cuting attorney of Cherokee County
that I send troops to maintain order,"
Cautious U.S. State Department
Warns Self-Appointed Diplomat
War Veteran Who Talked
With Ambassadors Told
There's ,LawAgainst It
CLEVELAND, July 30.-(')-Abe
Pickus, who talked of international
peace to foreign diplomats by long
distance telephone, said today the U.
S. District Attorney cautioned him
against reference to United States
treaties or policies in his conversa-
tion regarding world amity.
Pickus claimed his World War ex-
perience as a doughboy in France
caused him to telephone Hirosi Saito,
Japanese ambassador; Alexander
Troyanovsky, Russian ambassador,
and Sir Anthony Eden, British for-
"I talked to the ambassadors per-
sonally but I got only Sir Anthony's
secretary at Geneva," Pickus said. "I
also did some writing."
U. S. District Attorney Emerich B.
Freed, Pickus said, called him to 'his
"He suggested that maybe I ought
Passed Ball In
Schoolboy Rowe's Batting
Gives Detroit Even Split
In Yankee Series
DETROIT, July 30.-- (P)-- With
Schoolboy Rowe pitching his second
winning game against the league
leaders in four days, the Tigers came
from behind today to defeat the New
York Yankees 5 to 4 in ten innings
and cut the pace-setting edge to
A passed ball, which got away from
Bill Dickey just after Pat Malone had
relieved Johnny Broaca with one out
in- the tenth, sent the winning run
across-,to_. give the Tigers an even
break in the four game series.
Yanks' Lead Clipped
ning over Washington, the Yanks'
league lead was clipped to the small-
est it has been in nearly a week.
Charley Gehringer's homer with a
mate on base in the eighth inning,'
brought the Tigers back into the thick
of the ball game, tying the score after
the Yanks had taken a 3-0 lead in the
first four innings, and had held a
4-2 edge. going into the last of the
The Yanks started the scoring with
a two-run rally in the second, when
Rowe walked the first two men and
gave up the duns on singles by George
Selkirk and Jake Powell. Dickey's
double and Tony Lazzeri's single
added another run in the fourth, and
in te eighth, Red Rolfe's single and
Lou Gehrig's two-bagger accounted
for the final Yankee marker.
Start In 'Lucky Seventh'
The Tigers got under way in the
seventh, when singles by Bill Rogell
and Rowe, and Ray Hayworth's two-
bagger brought in two runs. Gehrin-
ger's homer added two more in the
eighth. In the tenth, Irv Burns
opened with a single and reached
third on Goose Goslin's hit, when
Broaca was taken out. Malone, called
in to pitch to Al Simmons, served the
ball that bounced off Dickey's chest
protector to allow Burns to come in
with the winning run.
Just as in the first and only other
game of the series that the Tigers
wvon, Rowe's batting as well as his
pitching played an important part in
the victory. He got a double and two
singles in three official times at bat,
for a perfect day. He batted in two
of the Tiger runs.
He was hit much harder than he
was Monday, the Yanks collecting 12
safeties compared to five in the series
opener, but the'Tigers also were busy
at the plate.
Mrs. Emily Blair
To Speak Tonight
Mrs. Emily Nowell Bair, high in
the councils of the Democratic party,
will speak at 8 p.m. tonight on "The
New Democracy," in a program at
the Masonic Temple here under the
auspices of Washtenaw county Dem-
Mrs. Blair's political life started in
1914 when she was press and pub-
licity chairman of a Missouri drive to
initiate the women's suffrage amend-
ment. In 1917 she was in charge of
to stop telephoning and writing to
foreign diplomats," explained Pickus,
president of a Cleveland Oil Com-
"It seems there's some sort of Fed-
eral law which says no person can
discuss with foreign attaches or gov-
ernments the policies of the U. S.
State department officials at Wash-
ington reported the old Logan Act
prohibits "any American citizen from
counseling, advising or assisting any
foreign government or agency there-
of with respect to any matter of dif-
ference between the United States
and that government."
Pickus said he was informed
"there's a penalty of three years and
a $5,000 fine."
"Since I'm a law-abiding citizen
and respect the U. S. government,"
he added, "I shall in the future re-
frain from such discussions."
He observed, however, that "if con-
ditions not relating to United States
policies or treaties warrant a long dis-
tance call, I may put one in."
The Clevelander, April 1, talked
with Saito concerning the Russian-
Japanese situation. He sought the
ambassador's opinion as to whether
war was imminent.
"He assured me there wouldn't be
any war," Pickus reported.
Pickus claimed he was given similar
assurance two weeks later by Troy-
Later he called Geneva for Sir
Anthony and when told the diplomat
was busy talked with a secretary.
"He was very nice until I said Great
Britain had put her foot down in
Palestine like Mussolini in Ethiopia,"
Pickus related. "The minute I men-
tioned Mussolini's name he grew dis-
tant. The call cost me $36.20."
50-Mile Tropical Gale Is
Heading Up Gulf; Issue
WarningTo All Ships
PENSACOLA, Fla., July 30.-W)-
Hurricane warnings blinked through
rain squalls along the extreme west-1
ern Florida and eastern Alabama,
gulf coast tonight.
A tropical storm slowly whirled its
way northwestward through the Gulf
of Mexico, kicking up unusually high
tides and fanning the west Florida
coastline with winds which reached
momentary gusts of 50 miles an hour.
Warnings issued' yesterday, when
the storm first entered the gulf after
cutting across extreme southern Flor-
ida, sent all ships to cover. This de-
prived the weather bureau of the us-
ual reports from vessels in the storm's
path and caused observers to say they
were uncertain where and when the
disturbance would touch land once
However, the weather bureau's late
afternoon advisory said the storm
probably would strike the northern
gulf coast somewhere between Apala-
chicola, Fla., and Mobile, Ala., some-
time tonight. It warned of hurricane
winds near the center of the storm
and of dangerously high tides all
along the coastline.
Hurricane warnings, flown from
Cedar Keys to Pensacola along the
Florida gulf coast during the day,
were extended westward from here
to Mobile late this afternoon. Storm
warnings were continued up from Mo-
bile to the mouth of the Mississippi
River and from Cedar Keys to Tarpon
Rain squalls, blustery winds and
falling barometers were reported all
along the coast during the afternoon.
The tide at Apalachicola, exposed port
and oyster fishing town, swept
through the streets for blocks around
the waterfront and overflowed the
Apalachicola River through miles of
marshlands. Panama City, midway
between here and Apalachicola, ,re-
ported similar conditions without the
Waterfront property and shipping
were prepared for the storm. The
naval air station here quartered more
than 200 planes in safe hangars. Fort
Barrancas on the mainland boarded
up for the blow and Fort Pickens at
the entrance to the harbor was evac-
ANGELL, MACK DEFEATED
ByLovalists As New
Faseist Drive Opens
Matinee Production Of
'The Old Maid' Planned
Because there have been com-
plete sell-outs for the remaining1
two performances of the Michigan
Repertory Players' production of
"The Old Maid," tonight and to-
morrow night, an added matinee
will be given at 3 p.m. tomorrow,4
Carl Brandt, business manager
Balcony seats for the produc-
tion will be priced at 35 cents, and
main floor seats at 50 cents. They
may be obtained at the theatreI
box-office which is open daily. c
N aval Officer
U. S._Secrets f
Farnsworth Is Indicted In
Federal Court; Plans Are
Discussed For Defense
WASHINGTON, July 30.-/)-
Charges that he had disclosed mili-
tary secrets to Japan were formally
denied today by John S. Farnsworth,
discharged naval officer, who plead-
ed innocence in the Federal courtf
here to a double-edged grand jury i
Handcuffed to a deputy United
States marshal, Farnsworth marcheds
briskly into the courtroom and en-t
tered his plea in a sharp, confident
wiee.,_ Ciurt attendants remarkede
that two week's confinement in the
jail infirmary had caused a marked
improvement in the health of the
former Lieutenant Commander, whoc
appeared taut-nerved and shaken
when arrested by Justice Depart-e
ment agents early in July.1
Immediately after the hearing,
Farnsworth called Attorney William
E. Leahy to his cell to discuss plans;
for hisrdefense before a jury early in
Leahy was granted ten days by
Justice Oscar Luhring to examinet
the indictment. He said his clienti
probably would not be able to post
a $10,000 bond.z
The indictment accused Farns-
worth of delivering a secret navalt
booklet, "The Service of Information
and Security," to a Japanese agent
in August, 1934. A second count
charged him with attempting to de-
liver the same publication.
Film Star Says
Mary Astor Testifies That
Husband Made Marylyn's
'Little Teeth Rattle'
LOS ANGELES, July 30.-('P-
Sobbing, Mary Astor, film beauty, tes-
tified tonight that her former hus-
band, Dr. Franklyn Thorpe, shook
their small daughter so hard that
"her teeth rattled."
Miss Astor testified in her trial for
custody of the child, four-year-old
Referring to the period from April
12, 1935, until the following October,
when Marylyn was with her mother
following her husband's divorce, Ro-
land Rich Woolley, counsel for Miss
"Did he ever try to discipline the
"Frequently," replied Miss Astor.
"He was ahMays talking to her and
jerking her to her feet roughly. It
seemed there was practically always
"How did he discipline her?"
Miss Astor burst into tears and
"He'd shake her so hard that her
teeth rattled and cut her lips. Then
Report 2,000 Leftists Dead
After Ambush By Rebel
Troops In North
To Aid Foreigners
Seizure Of U. S. Factories
In Barcelona Not Yet
Confirmed; Cars Taken
MADRID, July 30. -(P)-Madrid
summoned shopgirls to the colors and
conscripted Spain's merchant marine
in desperate war tonight against
growing threat of fascist dictator-
To all appearances the big push was
Shopgirls, bullfighters, mountain-
eers, laborers-all were called to fight
for the republic. The merchant ma-
rine was taken over to bolster the
Slipping through rigid censorship
came reports 2,000 loyalists were slain
in ambush while they marched to-
ward rebelous Zaragoza. Other col-
umns of leftist troops retreated.
Loyalists, aided by women and San
Sebastian police, were routed from
Oyarzun in a four-hour battle.
Rebels Hold Out In Toledo
Fifty leftists were killed, Burgos
fascists said, 95 wounded and heavy
artillery captured at Somasierra.Left-
sts admitted rebels still held the Al-
azar barracks at Toledo.
Rebels broadcast Valencia's garri-
son had joined their cause, pushing
their grip into new territory on the
Mediterranean coast. The leftist gov-
ernment issued an official denial.
American refugees were fleeing to-
ward Valencia, unaware whether they
would find liberal or rebel forces in
control, to board the U.S. warship
Governmental conscription of for-
eign industry and banks was reported
but was denied by officials. Barce-
lona was tense. Fleeing Americans
said loyalists had seized automobile
and other factories. Disorder was
'Dismiss' Spanish Deplomats
At Burgos, a rebel provisional gov-
ernment, informed Spanish diplo-
matic and consular representatives
throughout the world of their "dis-
(Leftist ambassadors in the Argen-
tine, Italy and Germany resigned, in-
dicating belief rebels may control the
The lofty peaks of Guadarramas
held the fate of Madrid. Loyalists
said rebels retreated under a barrage
of artillery fire, Fascists, on the
other hand, claimed new victory
there, and asserted forces were gath-
ering to assault the narrow passes
leading to the capital.
The government claimed capture of
the junction town, Villanueva, Dela-
serena, 80 miles from the Portuguese
frontier. This opened a new outlet
from the capital, with its potential
source of food.
Loyalists hoped to gain support of
rural regions between Madrid and
Badajoz to sever north and south
sectors of the rebel army.
Alonso Mallol, director of general
security, resigned and was replaced
by leftist Manuel Munoz, Cadiz dep-
uty. Jose Valdivia, director general
under the government of Alexandro
Lerroux, was arrested by Madrid left-
In the Gibraltar straits west of Al-
geciras, rebels fired on the loyal Span-
ish cruiser Cervantes.
The crash of a rebel airplane carry-
ing arms to Spanish Morocco was re-
A Norwegian freighter reported 11
bombs were dropped by rebels near
the ship oif Ceuta in the Gibraltar
straits but none scored a hit.
(France, watching signs of in-
creasing fascist strength, indicated
arms may be supplied to the re-
public to aid the fight.)'
MARSEILLE, July 30.-()-Seiz-
ure of Ford Motor Company and Gen-
eral Motors Plants by Spanish loyal-
ists at Barcelona was reported by
refugees reaching here today.
All , General Motors automobiles
were requisitioned to transport troops,
Spanish Poetry Presenting New
Inter-Penetration, Keniston Says
By JOSEPH S. MATTES
The present era of Spanish poetry,
which began approximately right
after after the Spanish-American
War, is today culminating in the new
"interpenetration of the individual
and his environment," Prof. Hayward
Keniston of the University of Chicago
told a Summer Session lecture audi-
Professor Keniston, who is of the
faculty of the Romance Language de-
partment, spoke on "Modern Poets
of Spain and South America."
With the Spanish-American War
Spain, in the chaos of bankruptcy,
became self-critical and as a result its
poetry and prose adopted a sincerity
grandiloquent and bombast. The
present generation will be critical, an-
alytical, but it will not be grandilo-
"The older group expressed emo-
tionalism, but this new group empha-
sizes the intellectual in art."
The final characteristic he named
was the persistent search for a poetry
unique and different than the older
Today, he said, we find in Spanish
poetry the commonplace, which for
the first time actually describes truth-
fully what is in Spain and the feelings
of the writer.
Professor Keniston read modern
poetry, in Spanish to express its mu-