Generally fair, somewhat
warmer east portion Wednes-
day; Thursday, unsettled.
Official Publication Of The Summer Session
The University Budget
Is Balanced . .
I OII YYr"t dl I IMIIYSiMYIIiY
VOL. XIV No. 20 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 19, 1933
PRICE FIVE CENTS
In Series On.
Says People's Scrutiny Of
School System Is Natural
In Present Times
People Ask 3 Facts
Used To Take Generation
To Get Accustomed To
By POWERS MOULTON
"Li time of depression it is only
natural that the public school sys-
tem should come under the people's
scrutiny," said Dr. William G. Carr,
director of research of the National
Education Association, in his lecture
yesterday afternoon on the Summer
Session special series. "It is the fluty
of educators to go before the public
with -unequivocal 'frankness."
"There are three questions which
the public is asking about public
schools at the present moment: first,
whether the principle of tax-sup-
ported free public education is valid;
second, whether the aims and meth-
ods of our schools are appropriate;
and third, whether the cost of the
public school system is excessive," he
Points to Difficulties
Fueling Plane For Post's Second World Flight
-Associated Press Photo
This Associated Press picture, sent from Berlin to London by telephoto and thence to New York by
radio, shows Wiley Post (right) standing by his plane after he landed at Berlin on the first leg of hisr
projected round-the-world solo flight.
In discussing theprinciple of pub-
lic schools, Dr. Carr pointed to' the
difficulties met with in the early days"
of American education, when it took
one- generation to accustom people
to the idea of free primary schools
and another generation to obtain
consent for more advanced schools.
Early opponents of the principle be-
lievpd that it was too visionary and
would tend to educate the masses
beyond their capacity. "The same
objections are still raised today by
some honest opponents of the pub-
lic school principle."
However, Dr.-Carr statedonomie-
and social values of the system are
now generally accepted as having
proved their worth. In regard to the
second point concerning the appro-
priateness of the present methods,
he pointed out that the objections
were largely conflicting, it being held
that the education system is too
practical, has no connection with
reality, has too much discipline, or
not enough. Economically, he said,
the system had proved over a period
of the last 50 years that no depres-
sion has been able to stop its growth.
In the present case, the retaining of
more pupils in . schools prevents a
worse unemployment crisis.
Schools $elong to Public
"The one class that has protected
the system in the last few years is
that; of the professional teachers,
but the schools don't belong to the
teachers, they belong to the public.
It is the public's duty to protect
them," he said. "Let the issue be
honestly drawn, and let the public
decide whether to retain the public
school system or move back to pri-
Stason To Talk
On Shifting Of
Will Discuss Fundamental
Transitions Now Taking
Place In Many States
The shifting trend from real prop-
erty taxes to sales taxes in many
states and the general effect the
change has had in Michigan will be
discussed by Prof. E. Blythe Stason
of the Law School in' his talk on the
Summer Session special lecture series
at 5 p. m. today in Natural Science
Professor Stason will take up cer-
tain fundamental transitions which
aretaking place in -axtir nin-
Michigan and elsewhere, and the dif-
ficulties sometimes encountered in
the past in making them.
Having helped in drafting the sales
tax bill which the Legislature passed
in June, Professor Stason has an in-
timate knowledge of that form of tax
The special lecture series will be
concluded for this week tomorrow
afternoon with Prof. Charles A.
Knudson's talk on "Can America and
France . Co-Operate in World Af-
Ready To Start
For New York
CHICAGO, July 18.-(A)- The 24
spalplanes in which Generial Italo
Balbo and 96 companions flew from
Italy to Chicago were tuned up to-
night for the return trip, starting
with a dash to New York City to-
General Balbo announced that,
weather permitting, the armada
probably would fly from New York
via Newfosundland to, Ireland. Such
a route"would keep the planes over
water for nearly 2,000 miles:
The longest over water leg of the
six-stop journey.eto Chicago Was 1,-
500 miles, from Iceland to Labrador.
Refueled and pronounced in :e-p
fect condition, the: planes wer ein
readiness for departure "as soon as
possible after 8 a. m." (E.S.T.) to--
* * *
IRKUTSK, Siberia, July 19, (Wed-
nesday-(A')-Heavy rain and fog
early today delayed a takeoff by
Wiley Post, American aviator on an
around-the-world flight, for his next
stop, Khabarovsk, Siberia, 1,400 miles
east of here.
The Oklahoman, who landed here
at 3:35 p. m. Moscow time (7:30
E. S, T.) yesterday after a flight from
Novosibirsk, Siberia, had intended to
take off for Khabarovsk at 11 p. m.
(3:00 p. m. Tuesday, E. S. T.). The
heavy weather prevented his doing
IRKUTSK, Siberia, July 18.-UP)_
Still ahead of his old record, Wiley
Post, American aviator who is racing
around the world, dropped down here
and, immediately made preparations
for hopping off for Eastern Siberia
late this evening.
When he descended at this city in
Central Siberia, near the southern
end of Lake Baikal, the Oklahoma
fltewas 16 Hours and 34 minutes
ahead of ,the record set by Harold
Gatty and himself in 1931.
With his partner two years ago
Post reached Irkutsk from New York
in 91 hours -and 59 minutes, but fly-
ing alone on his present attempt he
covered the distance in 75 hours and
Post hopped off from Novosibirsk
early today, having rested but two
hours after completing a difficult
journey of 1,818 miles from Moscow,,
in which he was twice forced to land
in unknown areas because of bad
When he got to Irkutsk the airman
had accomplished more than half the
distance of his projected round-the-
Having declined all opportunities
for sleep since he left Moscow, Post
looked forward to a night of rest at
His next scheduled stop was Kha-
barovsk, near the Pacific Coast, from
which city Jimmy Mattern, Texas
airman who was making an attempt
to fly alone around the world, hopped
off on June 14 for the last time be-
fore his disaster which stranded him
in Northeast Siberia near the Anadyr
His Honor Gives Horse
Laugh To Lady Moralist
CHICAGO, July 18.-(Y)-A wom-
an attorney's effort to close up the
shows in the "Streets of Paris" at the
World's Fair on complaint of lewd-
ness was thrown out of court today
by Judge Joseph B. David, with the
"Lots of people in this community
would like to put pants on horses."
Five Guest Conductors To1
Direct; Are Graduatesr
In School Of Music
Five guest conductors, graduatet
students in the School of Music and
members of the University Summert
Band, will direct the band in itst
third concert of the season at 7:15
p. m. today on the steps of the Gen-
According to Prof. Nicholas D. Fal--
cone, director of the band, the guest
conductors have all been active and
successful in the field of school or-
chestra an ;, band-work They ae-
William J. Watkins, Springfield,
Mass.; Gilbert R. Waller, Clayton,t
Mo.; Fredrick W. Ernst, Oconomo-
woc, Wis.; Floyd V. Burt, Paducah,
Ky.; and James C. Pfohl, Winston-
Salem, N. C.T
The program for the concert has
been divided inte five groups, each of
which will be conducted by one of the
guest conductors. The list of selec-
tions to be presented follows.:
Revelation March, Chambers, and
La Reine de Saba, Gounod, conducted1
by Mr. Watkins; Ballet Egyptian,
Luigini, conducted by Mr. Waller;
L'Africana Selections, Meyerbeer,
conducted by Mr. Ernst; Don Quix-
ote Suite, Safranck, conducted by Mr.
Burt; Overture to William Tell, Ros-
sini, and The Yellow and the Blue,1
Balfe, conducted by Mr. Pfohl.
Because of the fact that no printed
programs will be available, it is sug-
gested that those who attend the
concert clip the above.
For No Action
On War Debts
LONDON, July 18.-(P)-Senator
James Couzens, of Michigan, insisted
today that intergovernmental debts,
including, the war debts, be excluded
definitely from any action on in-
debtednss by the World Economic
This was the first flare-up about
the war debts since Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald injected the is-
sue into the Conference in its first
The Drafting Committee on Inter-
national Debts finally adopted a res-
olution on the problem with an
amendment by Senator Couzens
specifying that intergovernmental
debts were not included.
As originally drafted the resolu-,
tion did not mention the war debts,
but Mr. Couzens said that it well
could be regarded as embracing that
issue through its phraseology.
The measure was presented joint-
ly by the delegations from the United
Kingdom, France, Italy and Ru-
mania. It stated in substance that
the countries agreed in principle that
the debts between nations should be
paid but the problem should not be
dealt with in a manner to impair
Says That Modern Inter-
national Law Is Based
Upon Spaniard's Works
To Give Public Talk
On Monroe Doctrine
Terms It 'Badge Of Inferi-
ority' Upon Nations Of
By THOMAS H. KLEENE
"Modern international law takes its
origin from the principles upon which
the readings delivered at the Univer-
sity of Salamanca in Spain by Fran-
cis of Victoria, professor of theology,
were based," asserted Dr. James
Brown Scott, chairman of the Sum-
mer Session on Teaching Interna-
tional Law, meeting in Ann Arbor
from July 17 to August 18, in an
This is the major theme that Dr.
Scott will expound in the course in
"The Classics of International Law
Before Grotius" that he is conducting
during the session. He will prove this
contention by analysis, comparison,
and tracing the growth of interna-
The readings of Victoria were
based on the application of justice
and morality to the discovery of the
new world, he said.hDoctor Scott went
on to say that the present ideas of
international law were developed by
the expansion of the 'rules of conduct
for individuals and transferring them
to affect groups of individuals or na-
tions. He attributed further advances
in international law to the recogni-
tion of international communities as
superior in power to any single state.
During the third week of the ses-
sion, Dr. Scott will deliver a public
lecture on "The Monroe Doctrine."
He is very strongly opposed to this
plan, on the grounds that it has out-
grown its original purpose. It was
useful in the nineteenth century to
protect the Latin-American nations
from invasion, and did so admirably.
Now that there is practically no
necessity for protection of these
countries, it remains as only "a badge
of inferiority upon these nations and
a badge of superiority upon the
The chairman refused to comment
on the probable benefits to come
from these meetings, but said that
the courses, group conferences, and
public lectures offered the student of
international law new approaches to
and new ideas about the subject.
He added that these three types of
meetings showed three phases of the
teaching of international law-the
courses, the teaching of the subject
in the class-rooms; group confer-
ences, the teaching of the subject in
action; and the public lectures, the
teaching of the subject through lec-
Two Cars Collide Here;
Woman Seriously Injured
Cars driven by two young men who
are neighbors and friends living in
the campus section here collided at
an intersection at the opposite side
of the city yesterday.
Mrs. Harvey Boyd, 49, mother of
Clark Boyd, 508 Thompson St., driver
of one of the machines, is in St.
Joseph's Hospital suffering from a
possible skull fracture and broken
ribs. Kenneth Gorton, 532 Thomp-
son St., was the driver of the second
car. He was unhurt. The collision
was at Sunset Drive and Spring
Is Called Kidnaper
In 2 States
--Associated Press Photo
John K. Ottley, kidhaped Atlanta
bank president, identified this New
York police photograph of William
Delinski (above) as a picture of the
man who abducted him. Police said
Delinski, former sailor and salesman,.
had a long criminal record.
To Take P'art
University students numbering well
over 50 were expected last night to
take part in the Summer Session
Excursion to Henry Ford's Green-
field Village today. The tour will
be the seventh on the season's pro-
Forty bus reservations for the trip
had already been made whenthe
Summer Session office closed at 5
p. m., and approximately 12 more
students were expected to reserve
places this morning. The tour will
begin at 1 p. m. today when special
buses leave from the front of Angell
Hall, to return about 5:45 p. m.
In addition to the bus party, some
25 are also expected to make the trip
by private car, it was learned
through the Summer Session ofifice.
The group taking part in today's
excursion will inspect a historical
collection of old buildings which
forms a typical central Michigan vil-
lage of the middle nineteenth cen-
tury. The buildings which Henry
Ford collected and reconstructed at
the site of the village include a
white-steepled church, a colonial
style town hall, a red-brick school
house, a tavern, a country store, a
postoffice, a toll-gate station, a tin-
type gallery, and a' blacksmith shop.
Supplementing these are buildings
and equipment which are associated
with the inventions of Thomas A.
Edisoh. Among them are his original
Menlo Park laboratory, his library,
and his first Menlo Park factory.
Vote Will Indicate
Trend In Dry South
Wets Pile Up Overwhelm-
ing Majorities In Ala-
bama And Arkansas
(By The Associated Press)
Arkansas, 962 out of 3,103 pre-
cincts, for repeal 51,880, against
32,676. As all of the precincts in
the populated district have been
'heard from, it is estimated that
two-thirds of the vote is re-
Alabama, 671 out of 2,137 bal-
lot boxes, for repeal, 35,034,
BIRMINGHAM, Alabama, July 18.
-(/P)-Alabama, one of the dryest
states in the nation by statute, to-
night gave indications of joining six-
teen sister states in voting for revo-
cation of the 18th Amendment, as
growing returns widened the major-
ity in favor of repeal.
From small rural counties- and
large urban districts came votes
ranging from a bare majority to as
much as four to one in favor of re-
peal, which the counties indicating
a dry trend could not offset.
The vote at 8:30 p. m. from 309
out of 2,137 ballot boxes in the state
gave for repeal 16,984, against repeal
The total represented returns from
38 out of 67 counties and these early
counts largely were from rural dis-
tricts. Birmingham, Mobile, and
Montgomery, the states largest cities,
voted overwhelmingly for repeal, and
the smaller cities, while not show-
ing the same ratio, returned large
majorities to revoke the amendment.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., July 18.-(A)
-Votes for repeal of the Eighteenth
Amendment continued. to pile up to-
night on the basis of incomplete re-
turns from Arkansas state-wide elec-
tion with 389 precincts showing 22,-
067 for repeal and 14,576 against.
H. K. Toney, speaker of the Ar-
kansas House of Representatives,
from Pine Bluff, said he ,had been
called into conference here tomorrow
with Governor Futrell and others and
"that if Arkansas had voted for repeal
he will urge an immediate special
legislative session to legalize beer.
Toney said he would propose that a
beer tax be levied for the benefit of
the state's common schools.
An unusual situation existed in at
least two counties tonight where dry
delegates to the state repeal conven-
tion next month were shown in early
returns to be leading but the county
vote on the direct question of repeal
gave wet majorities.
By the Associated Press
Professor Hobbs Will
Attend Geology Meeting
Prof. William H. Hobbs, head of
the geology department and director
of the geological laboratory, will at-
tend the second International Geo-
logical Congress, to convene in
Washington, D. C., July 22 to 29, it
was learned yesterday.
Professor Hobbs said yesterday
that the congress is to be attended
by many leaders in the field of
geology both of the United States
and abroad. It will engage in a
number of field excursions, some of
which will be participated in by Uni-
versity students now doing field work
at the Geology and Geography Field
Station at Mill Springs, Ky.
The students will be unable to take
part in all the tours, but will prob-
ably go on one' or two of the brief
Itrips on the Atlantic Coastal Plain.
New York ........ :........ 54
Philadelphia ....... ....43
Chicago ...... .... 42
Detroit 5, Philadelphia 2.
New York 9, Chicago 4.
Cleveland 2, Boston 1.
St. Louis 4, Washington 3.
Detroit at Philadelphia (2).
Chicago at New York.
Cleveland at Boston.
St. Louis at Washington.
New York ..........4
St. Louis.... ......45
Boston ...... .. .....43.
Brooklyn.... .. .......36
Philadelphia3.......6. . 37
New York 14, Cincinnati 1.
Pittsburgh 11, Brooklyn 8.
Chicago 4, Boston 1.
St. Louis 9, Philadelphia 4.
Brooklyn at Pittsburgh,
New York at Cincinnati.
Philadelphia at St. Louis.
'The Servant Of Two Masters'
Opens Tonight At Mendelssohn
Regents Make Statements?-
Not When They Have Records:
In Wages Said
To Be Coming
(By The Associated Press)
Hugh F. Johnson, national indus-
trial recovery administrator, pro-
posed Tuesday a general wage-rais-
ing, work-sharing agreement, for all
businesses and industries, under vast
Other highlights of the events con-
nected with the recovery program
Secretaryof LaborFrances Per-
kins estimated that more than 500,-
000 persons went back to work in in-
dustrial lines alone during June;
biggest monthly gain in more than
All lines of workers and executives
continued whipping into shape their
individual codes of business ethics;
men's hat manufacturers submit
their code for final approval.
William Green, American Federa-
tion of Labor head, will ask investi-
gation of reports that operation of
cotton and textile code resulted in
ousting of some union workers; 10,-
000 extra jobs for Philadelphia area
predicted under the code.
The Repertory Players' production
of Carlo Goldoni's "The Servant of
Two Masters" will open tonight at
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre. The
play will be staged by Thomas Wood
Stevens, and is to be done with styl-
ized scenery designed by Leslie Mar-
zolf, of the Goodman Theatre.
Goldoni is an Eighteenth Century
playwright, and "The Servant of
Two Masters" is one of his earliest
and most popular comedies.
When Goldoni wrote the play, it
pany when he threatened to produce
"The Servant of- Two Masters."
When, a few days later, it was the
hit of Venice, where it played at the
S. Luca Theatre, she is said to have
raged with jealousy. Goldoni had
won his point, that he could write
speeches better than actors could
make them up on the spur of the
The incident of the prima donna,
Senora Ricci, refusing to play in the
Goldoni play has been written into
a prologue by Mr. Stevens, and will
.. .. . . 4--- «... ., L...,. ..R t
The next time that the Regents
have an official statement to make,
they would save a lot of time if they
just went back to their files and
copied an old one.
Here is a statement that the Re-
gents might have made Monday. But
they didn't. They made it following
their meeting in June, 1878, 55 years
ago. History still repeats itself.
"During this period of depression
there can be no doubt whatever that
there has been an almost, if not
quite, universal shrinkage of in-
.,.,V,.o trr Q ,q +vn rlkh r _rr
not. found their incomes falling off
in the last four years to a degree1
that has compelled the practice of
unwonted economies, even among
the most fortunate, while the great
body of professional men have, by
hard work, been scarcely more than
able to live. And to add to the diffi-
culties of all these classes was the
difficulty of collecting what had been
honestly earned and was due.
"Most fortunate of all during
this period of financial distress have
been salaried men working for some
thoroughly comnetent employer like
$260 Netted By Fresh